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the preceding excursion, applies the ^^^ ^utt of the jjece : vour r^M^^^

renJdy, his science ofdcfence, in the that part intermediate b^^^^'^ ^^^ "^

se\'euth section. and the lower pipe. Your point »

" xVll eWients, arts, and sciences, raised 35 degrees above jhc honzwj

■ are difticuU to beginners, and they be- his point is parallel to the horuson,aDfl

come easy in proport^an to our know- if it be not, depress it with Y^^[^^

ledge and practiceV If you arc prac- By these means, he ?"stfeU^ponyoul

tised (lie says) in the positions already point. Any effort of his to parry vkO^W

described/ aid in the thrusts and guards, be useless, and serve on^y .as a fulcnu%

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Oh tie Science of Defence Jar the Siinrd tad Siyimet,



»9f



fti your firelock. Had he the strength
of fifty men, ^ret it would be impossible
fyr him, in this situation, to guard him-
sfclf. ITie dexterity of the right hand
wiH form a complete shield^ and that
without the weight of it.

" As you have frdm this position and
practice such a facility of^ flestroyine
Tt>ur enemy, you may suppose, and
jostly^ that'any additional aid would be'
superfluous. Very true, you have one
hundred to one in your favour. But as
the centre and rear ranks are idle, one
of them may be employed in action,
and introduced into the front, provided
the men are not hunchbacked; or en-
Cambered with knapsacks. For the dia->
meter of a man standing square to the
ftoot, taken from the extreme points of
his shouklers, is double the hne cross-
ing that diameter at right angles; that
h, the man occupies twice as much
space in his weak position, sc^uare to the
noat, as in his strong martial position
on guard: therefore, the instant the
front rank conies on guard, the centre
tank springs into the vacant intcr\'als :
thus the two ranks are consolidated ^ as
in the plate. Here the centre rank man
has no antagonist, not even the foible
to oppose, lie has nothing to do but to
^troy tlie enemy without opposi-
tion.

' " As this practice ^ives two to one
in front, consequently it gives the same
decisive advantage in the ftanks and
nsar ;' and in all times and places, it must
prove the inevitable destruction of the
tfiemvi if they w^iU stand or contend in
dose action . Instead o f retreating, you
will be enabled to advance.

** No line or lines, one behind ano-
dier, will be able to withstand your im-
pulse for. an instant in the field. Its
utilitj' must be ef^uall^ e\'ident in the
itonning of fortresses, lif the defence of
«nd in tntr entcrins into breaches ; and
in the defence of snips, and in the cut-
tjng out of ships, &c. Twenty men,
4itctplincd in this manner, if thrown on
board of an enemy's ship; of" whatever
ftte or force, must be sure to carry her,
by virtue of tlieir having two to one in
we same space, and one hundred to
ooe from their use of the powers of the
lever. Besides the utility of this exer-
cise in the repulse and destruction of
5^y force attempting to board your ships^
it would give the marines such a de-
«id€d advantage over liie seameo,. as
* Vol, IV.



would ensure the observation of good
order and discipline," &c. &c.

He gives several lessons explanatory
of the mode of advanciijg, retiring, as-
saulting, and making thnists, cut6>
and guards, calculated for the use of
battalions, "whiph cannot be sufficient-
ly studied and practised by those
whose wishes are to destroy tne ene^
my in close action.
■ The eighth section contains the
true mode of averting the cuts of ca-
valry, and of destroying botli th^
man and horse by the time-thrust.

** Perhaps 'the equestrian art also pn>
ceeded from the £^t into Egypt, and
from thence into Greece. Tne Cen-
taurs, a tribe of the Lapitha?, are said to
have been the first who taught the horse
to obey the rider. The ancient inha-
bitants of Thessaly, bcin^ struck with
the uncommon and formidable sight of
a man mounted on horsel^ack, con-
cluded that it was a phenomenon of a
monstrous animal, composed of a man
and horse united."

Whether the cavalry charge collec-
tively or individually, a body of in-
fantry thus trained in the bayonet ex-
ercise, they must rush upon the point
of the bayonet — upon inevitable de-
struction. This is made evident in all
cases in this section, which is equally
original and important as the otiier
parts of tliis work.

Having proceeded thus far in our in-
spection, we are glad to find that an
eminent cotemporary critic has reviewed
this interesting subject. Concurring in
the force of many of his just observa-
tions, it is with some reluctance we are
constrained to differ from him, as to the
propriety of some of his strictures : but,
ever open to conviction, we will readily
recant any of our opinions, which may
be proved to be erroneous ; which is the
best atonement we can offer.

We agree in the opinion, " that the
author has contributed very bountifully
towards improving the science of de-
fence, and that his Treatise, appears ta
be tlie substance of a letter^ comp09e4
bv the desire of his Royal Highness the
Commander in X^hief." It is dedicated
to his Royal Highness. Bat ^otwith-^
standing tlicse omens, which w^'wish
tp be eventuallv auspicious, wewbula
caution the Aum^j (if yt^m^t taiti

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abm. Ubet^, at liaMers fmndit of liit ta lb# indig^tY «f b^g btttrattti ^
work) and dbsiie, thai hl^ tkHmld pot bo tti« lahoitit ei Major G«ifdo»» wha %
ovei saoigiune, m the hope Uiat hia k- not dead, but Uving, (a»vi«bc«r) an ift^
hour9, for a great refomatioii m the vaUd> withttua mx$ parwcrfiil pnmectorl
a«^y, should be eounttnaDced, and These aai^ sflfioNia ol^eetioiM, and auth
patronized at this time. Foe the at- as will, and mu&i<i|Kiale tft the w p m i
teinpt to rofoim U ganeially. ^nch en in- sloo oC thia great nulttaiy mftvrmmenC
midious o0ioe> that it has often £iiled« We afiae, however, m we ofwiiea*
even in powerful haitdg. But tbn foree tl^l M^iovGefdmi it the kiventeief tha
of mathematical demonatratioa^ and of havoo^l eKeiet«B» wrhkih it taken (aawo
intMititov iCself, may be most easilji e* thuik) fmm the awovd everciie^ ai imt
IimM, when it is not offered or aecoiulte d fMr»i^ by hiamelf^and «et \if VegeiiiH.
1^ Bersoas in newer. to whaaa h« atsenifaea ttie nok of it

The plan of doubling the number of Vogeltus,,iii hia Iwal bo«h> Mwtbodieiiiy
Ihe forces, and of giving them the ad- d»talla the eno^iaea, a«e aiAca aMtbw.
n^te^ of one hundred to one, that is, which ana indiipensahW ibc % leoiu^
of givmg ten thousand men a supeportty but ad^ ^o^^ing «C hia ^wa^ nrmniw^
•ver five hundred thousand men, seems bia obioaaatjiont-
ihcredibte, and tast,^ ahnost beyond the The Aiit\iaeohin otitic ^baeivcs, *' thai
comprehension of some men . Captain Geidon haa put inta the aaoothr

' It is a ntfw mode of recmitmg for the of Vegetius and Palybi w» «baarTalioiii
demy, to strengthti^ it, without either which aieiMt in their wtiiings, and thai
etimp, const^e, or sergeant employed; he has «mitled many that are." Vfa
ftut as an mnovation, it will be reatsted. agrae with biw aa to the feet, hal 4iSm

It bein^of such a nature as to snr up as to the eauaa. Theaa addijtioDa aqi
tli9 opprtosrtion of many mllitaTy mien, ah omtaaioaia* whwU leaoltt aa he Jmagiar^,
those who are strangers to ^e powers of from inikAverleaiee, aee«a le ua t%he thr
ahe lever» tQ the fcirt, and to tne ib&ble, rcault of dcaipa and ijefleetiaiu For
wouhtbeapttooppoaaanyimprewaaent^ wa. eeneaiTe, thai tha province of a
taadhigf to ahcw thai th^ faeid to ksan lilbaral tianslaiae differs from that of ift
aomethmg move than the mane miora* authos. The mem of i^ literal uaas-
meata and the manual* lator eonsista ta the tjcwib^n^fidelii^ef

In our opinion, this domealaa foieai his translation. He is restricted fiaa
would be more effectual, than any codi» adding ei diaaiRiahmg. But ihedi^
tion of Rnsaia and Austria, and ereu ofanauthori»dil{«ient« Ittttosske^
Prussia, in obviating and lepaeasing Bo-^ reject, appropriate^ aiad aa k weie la
naparte. tian^te from the tKMurea oC aetiqwn;

• B«ft the adoptioo of this pbo^ far lihe tke puie gold» and to omil oc shake ai
dcatiuctioii of the cneaaT, imist be at^ the dfosa aotl beteioflraeoaa. aMttor
tended with some addiri'oikat khoM lo. wkh which it midht be autreusdal
aoldiiees, and without piodticiogaayv^ Even a single worami^ be leatrieN^
ditiotel feea and emolumenta to petaons nslaaecly and as it wiare aubiuaatei{« aad
iBL oAce. Inaaead of iacreastngv i^ the eaaance exlvactad«
voold uitinately tend'to diounish the ^ „

number of genemls of aH deserinaioML ^"^ *****^ ^P^. »P«roJ«V,pranu« car.
andofinspeetin^fiehloiicefa. muiuauctor.

It mulUpUcs the diaciplfta»ev noa die Heneay in our opinion, thcautbot*
laumhera to be paid. It i& not a caa, juatifiahlo in net uottciag^theftrstma
cataraman, nor a b^oon pn^tet for the *the three last scnfceoee* of the firat baok
4issipaUoA or pthUic* money. It b not of Venous, which contain eneamimas
^sfsfeem of paaK>Baga iatescstiBg many on Disdpiimnmrms tmmitus lipp» dm>
mitsliivtuw. . . soriku, Uaeatmcta only what sain, or

j^/Cyrua had <toe magaaaawflty aa make ^« the eririe well cKjaniases ii) qttadMtaa
peeedta^^aad to^naioduee irinovariona with hit purpoaet For esamplev in Wa
jn o|>p<Hitioa to Uie loti|^ established aUtision to the feaowing^sentroee,
la^a and customs of \m aritw. If the^ " Nulift cnim alii ic vidcnM poputeai
wteaaagciwrals of Cyf«8> who. was. an RoniaKomorhenisubegiiNieaenwuaiaifli
abauhite pnnce^-vdRt»ml tarenioaiaiate afmoaunaexecdtiov diaetnlinleasaKmia^
5P*w a" WHHW»5iia introducedf by usoo«emUitiaa,""foFbToothing<teadar
Wci& can we suppose thetaU the oU wosee^KoiOan naapfe to hm «oi».
fenerais oi the present day would aohtoit ^ucced the oih <^ t£eartb» but by iha

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cSHNteof ams, thedttctfOiaeoftirtnpt* tht ilAk mi l^ chapiters of. tlie fiiHf

aadb^tbepiaettooofwar:" lammivf htMk of VegetiA* which fender ib««

tkm mfal wnrUky sd fottowing Vogetiot* sy«t<fta «f cutting and ihrustinfl mtional*

Mi^ar<Hi0doa« t^ectiiig oa die ijn« a«Ml worthy of bcHous atttution, and

iiaiuwu. «f iuc -own «xeroiie« and whidi wOuLd» as we tliink, be prqiea-,

Wmeaing to the point, which he ceiv- tcuoiia vrithout such addttioos.

■ l a ml y fcarp i in view, aaya, <' the Ro* Valine dedicates seven Uctle chai>-

mmt'mtmi llie oon^ueat of the wenkl tens, m sueoession, io seven different



to flirit fm iminiwiiM in the use of the kinds of eicercise At ihe post. The 1 Itli*
Itelheii li^ diseifdiae— 10 I2lh, land 13th ohi^plers relate to tiie



dMir jiidki«isednclioB»aBdinatnictifia modes of esercisii^ with the han^
«f recraits." . weapon, and the renuttning lour chap-^



Im ♦ppoiitign to this, the critic nb- ters of die first lx>ok feUle to themodka

that the tgeniiium marmmwm of (hrowiog missile weapons at the

kOtSMMhrKier totheuaeofthek post. In the llCh chapter, «fter de«.

s, «rio the uae of then -and their scrihane the emtis and ciaosy the wood-

Aieitfa coi^okitly, hut to thctr unilbnn en shiov^dud sword, and ^xiog np-the*

pnctke, and cncreise in uaing diffaiciit poet« he iiMnediately» without wy pr&»

— ^ «f arau. Ther OBSuhe use •f nis« vions pnctioe, describes the recruit



jile wta^na as wdl as awoids, nnd everting d-ery effort of streofflh v&si-

whim they duew tfaani, they stood with dexterity in cutiAog at k, in aU dirac*

ihcir M feet fbntnosl, whemas, when tiont. If M^jor Gordon consideisd.

ihcy Ibttcht with their swor^ and this as a vicious praetiee, to put tho

shiilda, diey itad chaur lighl feet foxe^ car bdfare the hotae, ^ begin where the



eseretae shoukl end, he is justifiable

Ac CKewidttii atmovuBi lelalea io all in giving us a pmeticsi system ; vieit

lunda flif anns, nndoubledly a dealer sn ^' that the lecruita, after being drilled in

^mtLikig^f in words and aente nces -** the attitudes by a master, and instroctede

antndiistnotts,w«idy,book-«inherintgha to make the ixiost foscibk ciits, whick

snddlgeiMAsdlfrWcvfKtein^onenerci^ aooocdtng to srayity arc vertical* were

d«n aMioMM. He nn^ snft out sane then (and not Wore this previous prae^

volumts m enusMtating, defining, and ikc) taught to exercise at the po?t, how

dttailing, thait rsriety of hand, and mis* to strike at the head, sides; .and anns,**

lileMafODaeonpnihanded in exeroitio for be omits cutting at the ici^ ami

antofum, their easential difoenoea, acid dugbs as dangerous.



their ^antsous uses in vrm T%e enaes^ Ihe eritic observes, " that there -^

not a word in the 11th chapter thai




relates to the tyros advancing, by throw<<
'm% the centie of gravity dexterously
«Mlai«9a tela «iiseilia,'«is. piU, spioo- forward upon one leg, or to his retiring
la, ««ola, verriasla, bebrs, niartiohor- by throwing the weight of the body
Mi, foanhaih, <niagri, cau^uHie, and backwards^." But assuredly the critic
ksAisttt, mamihatistss vel scorpiones, onist kn^w, that there is no other safo
fcc. Ice. no^ to mention the machines, saode of advancing and retirins in oiosf
mcb as ^e tostudmes, arietes, dices, combat. The critic, however, nas giveri
-^ fduiei, tmaaculi, inrres, laqnei,. one word, viz. rectderH, which velatm



fofa, jiK. Although some of our ImgU" to retiring, but hae omitted in his qno«
cd raadera might have stomach for a To« tation occethrH, whkb relates to ad#
l«ieol«ich Eivitsiials, yet we coaoctve vancing. We aM^tbe the omission tm
h wotdd be usdess to the Brilifih soi^ inndvertenqe, winch miaht have beea
4i«'' And yft are persuaded, Aat if the cause ahio of the foBjvwing obsci»
ear anchor had digresned into the itse o< vations :



e weMons, kc. a legion of learned But " Captain Gordon is erroneoof
enlioa woaU uniic with ua iftdiieoting in conceiving the eneroise desoribed in
anrauilUagaimthijn. We would teU this 11th chapter, as emireiy confoied
WaUMK he aniobtae well have described t» cutting or striking. It extended to
thi Hhrne or tnciminbow. ''Sed^umc pushing, thrusting, or stabbing* ac
aea ent hit loeus. Amphora ctepit^in^ muoh as to cutting or atrikiiig, and in
^litai, ear weoeua exit?'* ^ abort to every use or application of the

. The came raafons, in o«r opinion, sootinn and aladios coiyQtntly, thai
Iwtii^te' osniisiaDs vod -additions |» jnigl^t nrcouldhe pf; advantao^ to M0t

Xx:j

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340- On the Sdence of tSt^ence for the Sword and Boffbnef^



man soldiers, when engaged with their
enemies in close combat. No other
meaning indeed can well be affixed to
the woras of Vegetius." As the critic
^oles die words of Vegetins faith fnlly
excepting one material word, in proof
of the truth of his assertion, we are
under the necessity of quoting them
also, together with the two sentences
immediately following, as they reflect
mutual lignt one upon the other, and
•hew the real meanmg of Vegetius, in
the following words : *' Contra ilium ^'
lum, tanqiiam contra adversarium, tiro
cum eiate ilia, et clav'a, velut cum gla-
dio se exercebat, et scuto; ut nunc
ipiast cajNit aut faciem peteret, nunc a
latenbut mtnaretur, interdum con ten -
deret poplites el crura succidere, acce-
deiet, recederet, assultaret, insiliiet, et
quasi presentem adversarium, sic palum
otnni impetu, omni bellandi arte tenta-
ret." To these words we venture to af-
fix the literal meaning as we take it.
^ Against that post, as it were against
an aoY'ersary, the recruit used to exer-
cise himself with the said wooden
ihield and club, as he would with a
leal 'S word and shield, in, such a man-
net, that now he would strike as if at the
bead or face, then he would menace a
stroke at ihe sides. Sometimes he
would make an effort to cut low at the
hams and legs ; he would advance, re-
fire, assault, and spring upon, and thus
attack the post with all his force, and
every ai't of fighting, as if it were an
)Mlversary present."

In reviewing this violent assault upon
the poet, we do not see any word so
^trictly applicable to pushing and thrust-
ing, as to striking and cutting. We
sec no such words in it, as puncu,
punctim, petare punctim ferire, fode-
ic, confodere, transfodere, transfiji^ere,
not even pungere, which are the tenns
appropriated to the pse of the point.
On the contrary, every word is expres-
sive of the force, science, and dexterity
with which the recruit attacked the
fKMt with the edge of his wooden sword.
Vy*c see the verb utcctdere, )^'hioh sig*
nifies to cut down or to cut under. To
this verb, and to orirrc the simple
verb, all the verbs in the sentence relex.
^or e^mple, thcj recruit so exercised
•gainst the post, ut nunc quasi caput
aut ^ciero peteiet cauiere, that is^ to cut
Mt the head and face of the post -, nunc
• lateribus minatetur ca^dere palum,
♦hilt IS, tS> cut a the 9id^ of the post^



interdum poplites et crara pali mccHcil^
contenderet, tHat is, to cut, and not to,
puah at the ' hams, knees, and kegs of
the post; accederet, recederet, assulu^
ret, insiliret ad concidendum polom,
that is, to cut dovi-n the post ; and th«
last words in the sentence (which per-
haps being cursorily perused caused tbe
critic*s mistake) import that, the recruit
exerted e\'ery effort of strength, skiil,
and dexterity iii assaulting and cutting
at the post.

And the following sentence, whick
concludes the chapter, seems to fiiroor
our interpretation . ** In qua meditatioiW'
servabatur ilia cautela, ut iu tiro ad in-
ferendum vulnus insnigeret, ne, qua rx
parte, ipse pateret ad piagam." '* In
whioh exercise, such precaution was ob-
served, that the recruit would so ekvafo
himself to inflict the wound, as not td
be exposed in any part to the stroke or
retort of the adversary." There is not a
syllable of pushing or stabbing in this
sentence ; on the contrary, insuieoe it
applicable only to the attitude of cot*
ting or striking; for the exercise of
pushing absolutely requires all tboK
who practise it, to sink low down, 6y
bending their knees, &c. and the woiil
placa signifies a cut or stroke, and not
a tnnist or stab. But to remove sH
doubt respecting the exercise in the
1 1 th chapter, the next sentence, whKh
begins the 12th chapter, and the entire
of the 1 2th chapter, seem to us to set-
tle the matter in favour of our opinioD,
'• Praeterea non cssim, sed punctim fe-
rire discebant." Besides, they learned to
strike not only with the edge, but to posh
with the point. What is the meaning
of prxterea ? Besides, or ov^r and abore
what? Besides the practice just now
described, what is that ? Vegetius am>
swers, when he says, Non caesim, of
ngn solum ca^siio, sed pneterea pono-
tim/erire disoebant. That is, the jmbc-
tice described in the 1 1 th chapter re-
lates solely to cutting. The 12th chap-
ter details the exercise of pushing, and
ridicules that of cutting, for the solid
reasons assigned by Vegetius, which ais
adopted and augmented by our author in
his translation, which is tnea^fo^e not li-
teral. *' Captain Gordon, (tlie critic
says) has totally mistaken the meantiig
ot the last sentence of the 12th chap?
ter.-' For the Latin wond prascipuesig^
nifies chiefly not solely, ^ow, any per-
son on reading these words, would bt
apt to i^ik . th^t Ma^of Goidoii M

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On tki Seienci ofDeftncefcr ikeSwwd and Say(met. 341



1 the word pnectpue, whereas he.
oot« Wt. cannot say whether he did
did not know the meaning of that
>rd. Wc, however, thank the critic for
i> is spontanequs explanation of it, as well
as of cratb and ciava, which have been
Jcit, (as we conceive) unexplained by our
a^uthor, for th&reasoiis already premised.
" Captain Gordon does not appear to
liave adverted to this circumstance, that
«lie gladii, or swords, which the Ro-
xDacs fought with in battle, were so
short, that they could both cut and
push with them in close action, and
ttiey unquestionably made use of them
for both these purposes." Had the cri-
tic observed plate the 11 th, regresent-
Wg tlie Roman soldier armed with his
ihidd, and cut and thrust actually in
Uie attitude, of cutting and thrusting,
with this inscription from Vegetius :
*' Nam cassim pugnantes, non solum
facile ricere, sed etiam derkere Roma-
nia*' we think that he would not have
B»de such an obser\'ation.

As to the system of cutting, the critic
observes, ** that io perfect the invcsti ga-
llon of this subject, it would be neces-
sary to combine the doctrinfi of percus*
^ion, with that of gravitation." We
atgret that he has not expkiine^i the na-
ture of this combination, which would
perfect the investigation, and improve*
inent of the system of cutting.

He observes y that the introduction
of the second rank into the first in close
action* and making them thus co- operate
in one nmk, after they are properly in.-
ftructed in the bayonet exercise, gives
them, in regard to the number of men
and fveapons, a superiority over infantry
charging in the usual way, in the ratio
of two to one, but in point of resistance,
or defence, as well as offence, in a much
greater proportion ; wliich cannot, how-
ever, be exactly ascertained, as it will
pnavoidably vary with circumstances.*'

As we do not understand, how a su-
periority arising from practice varies^
while the practice remains unvaried, we
should be glad to have it explained by
the Ic^irned critic. The three angles of
a triangle being equal to two right ones,
to day, will be equally so to morrow ;
9lthough men vary, and fall like leaves,
llie pnnciples of' truth vary not with
circumstances.

We are sorry that the critic has neither
lefuted nor assigned his reasons for not
fi^ioR widi our author^ in the inierpre-



tation of the 30()th, and a part of thft
SO/th line of the fourth book of the
Iliad. Tliere the critic had a fair oppor*
tunit^ of explaining a }>assage, the mean-
ing of which is controverted bv the learn-
ed, and not like * pnrcipue* which he has
explained to us gratuitously, llie com-
mentators assert that four (TiHcrent mean-
ings have been afhxed to the passage in
Question. Our author, diftering from all
jtnese, gives the literal meaning, to which
we are forced to subscribe, not knowing
any better interpretation. The critic *'can
not subscribe to the inteqiretadoh given
hy our author, of the phrase * transvor*
SIS principii.s,'madc use of by Sallust, in
describing the march of Metellas. > Tho
historian introduces the words ' princi*
pia' and ' princijjcs' with different mean-
mgs within even two lines of each other,'
in his description of that very inarch,,
&c."

The lines to which the learned critic
alludes, viz. *' Marium post principia
habere, ipse cum sinistrse alse equitibu»
essp, qui in agmine principes facti erant," ,
do not appear to us, to prove that the
words * principia' aiid * princi]}es* hcr^
have ditierent meanings, but to pro\-e
that they have the ver^- same meaning
in this passage? and that consequently
the interpretation of * transvorsis prin-
cipiis,' namely •* the * principes* being
transposed into the ilanKS," fs the true
inteqjretation, although the critic cannot
subscribe to it. llie meaning of the sAid
lines, as we take it, is, " he (MetelUif^
posted Marius behind the priecipia (that
IS tlie principes): he, (MetcUus) rook his
own station with the cavalry of the loft
wing, which caralry were made the .
principes in the column of ntarch ;"' that
IS to take the starion and act as the jMrin-
cipes, instead of the real j)rincii)es, who
had been disposed transversely on the
flanks. We could give numberless
quotations from Livy andTacitUfj&c.
to prove, that in regard to the legion,
principes and principia are S}*nonyniou8.
Frincipia signities also the place'or sta-
tion of the principes in camp.

The. real olemishes and imperfectlotii
the critic seems to have passed over, and
to have exercised himself with his crate
and clavd prcaciputy in cutting at the in-
vulnerable parts. ITiesecuts produce no
other effect, dian the laceration of some
passages of Vegetius and Sallust. He
seems to have forgotten the precept
wliich Horace had prescribed to the



Digitized by VjOOQ IC



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The life mi PmHfeah^f Le^ the Ttmfu



Pisoi, to axroifl litenJ ttanilfttion :

'* pQbUca materies privati jurU erit, st
Nee circa vikm patiahim^ monberis orb-
em;
Kec Terbm verbo corabk reddcre fidw
loterpreti oec tic dcMlie* imiutor 19 arctum



Online LibraryUnited States. Supreme CourtThe Universal magazine, Volume 4 → online text (page 61 of 108)