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also beenxliscoverecl in different parts of
North America. Among these, the
author recognizes the grinders of a
ipedes, which, if not the same as the
elephant of Asia, must have been, as to
the form of its grinders, at least, more
nearly allied to that species, than is the
mammoth. It appears further that
the bones of another large animal have
been discovered. These, says the au-
thor, ap^iearto have belonged to a species
of tricnechus, perhaps to the tricJuchus
fosmarus or fnorse. We occasionally
find, says, I>. B. the bones of some of
the iajr^t of the cetaceous animals, in
situation's very distant from those in
which the living animal are at present
to be found, llie scapula of a species
of whate has U'cn found, at a consider-
able de|Kh beneath the surface of the'
earth, within the limiu of the city of
Hkilailelphia. Scteral j-ears ago, the

tooth of the monodon or hartvhale was '
tbuud at the distance of a few miles
from the city. These last mentioned
facts, however, need not excite much
surprise, since very extensive portions .
of the present dry co>untry exhibit the
most unequivocal proofs of having been
overwhelmed by an ancient covenne of
the sea. It may be added, that wiuiin
the memory of our 6wn history, whales
were not uncommon in some of our
bays and rivers. We likewise learn,
fVom Professor Barton, that some large
bones have been found in a certain
nitrous cave, situated in the remote
jKirts of Vii^gihia. Mr. Jefferson, Pre-
sident of the confederation of the Unit-
ed States, has, it seems, published an
interesting memoir oh the subject of
these bones, in the fourth volume of^ the
Transactions of the American Philoso-
phical Sociiety. Mr. Jefferson con-,
ceives them to l)elong to a large aninul
of the genus fells ;— hut Dr. Barton
ascribes them to a very different family
of animals, to some one of the gcneni
comprehended in the order called tardi-
graaa ; the bruta of Linnaeus ; and he
also pronounces that they and the bones,
whicn have been foi^nd near the river
of La Plata, in South America, belong
to the same species, or at least to an
animal of the same genus, which has
been named the megatherium^ by M.


THE following is tlie sub&tance of a
meftioir written by M. Paybse, principal
preparer of medicines at the camp of
Utrecht, relative to the manufacturing,
on a large scale, of some oxydes of njcr-
cury. The memoir is addressed to M.
Parmentier, and is extracted from the
AnnaUs de ChimU, No. 152, lately pub-

In the proem to the work, M. Paysse
informs his readers, that he was obliged
to encounter many difficulties before he
could obtain admission to the large Ba-
tatiary manufactories j but that being
sometimes successful, in liis attempts,
he th^n failed not to obtain an indem-
nity for all his labours, cares, and sacri-
fices, haying an ardent desire, as he as^
sures us, to add to his own knowledge,
and to enrich his couniry with the dis-
coveries of the industrious natives tiiat
' he has visited.

The first mempir contains informa-
tion I e. peeling the makirig of cinn-bar,

• y y 2

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^48 £xtrattsfr&m Foreign Joumois^

or as it is named in the language of mo- is ta be prepared, a veiy larp quand^ «{«
dcm chemislfy, red sulphurated oxyde it is previously Jo be pulven2«0,ei«ilb«
of jiiercurv. This Taluable article is on- converted into vermlhon. TB« mode of
ly prepared in two manufacturing esta- preparing this substance is still kept a
blishments at Amsterdam. The most secret among the Dutch. In every wotk
considerable is that which belonged to treating of chemistiy at largjC, the pro-
the late M. Brand. M. Paysse, was for- cess, however, is formally described. It
tunate enough to assist at an operation, is merely stated in the above treatises,
in which 800lb. were completely made, that the cinnabar is to be reduced to
divided into portions. He observed all powder, and then washed in water, and
the details, with minute attention; and afterwards dried. Thb naethod,- which
after comparinff them with those which M. Paysse has repeatedly made trial of,
have been publisbed by M. Tuckert, in gave him always, indeed, he says, for
the 4th vol. of the Armaies de Ckimie, for product, a very beautiful red colour ;
the year IJ^QO, he could only trace a but he judges and pronounces it infe-
xfxy slight difference; so that the de- rior in respect of beauty and the spleo-
sbnption of the chemist of Amster- dour of its colour, to that which is made
dam, may be fairly reckoned as being in Holland.

pretty nearly exact. M. Tuckert, how- China furnishes artists vinth a kind o(
ever, has omitted to speak of the dura- vermilion, much more in esteem than
' don of the flame, and of its colour, even that of the.Dutch. It possesses a
i^hich arises, we are told, from the beautiful red colour, with a shade, die
combustion of the union of the sulphur splendour of which nothing can suipass.
and mercury, previoxisly prepared and For some years past, therefore, th«
introduced into the apparatus. This Dutch have made great exertions to imi-
iiame, the disengagement of which is tate it. M. Paysse saw some prepAied
extremely rapid, exhibits various co- in the manufactories of that couotiy,
tours ; first a bright dazzling white, then the process of which is still very carduJ-
k yellow, and white orange yellow, then ly concealed. This vermilion rivals in
a olue and yellow, and atlas't it turns to its beauty, that of the Chinese, and the
blue and to green. Its disengagement author is of opinion that, in a little time,
is overcome towards the end, by a sort it will attain to an equal degree of 'per*
ofrcgisterof iron (>late, when its colour fection.

becomes that of indieo, or skv blue. As M. Paysse could not obtain infor-
The apparatus is then Hermetically seal- mation with regard to the means em*>
ed, and the whole is luted on the out • ployed to imitate this particular prepa^
side, with a mixture of clay and sand. ration, and conjecturins that the splen-
In treating of the vessels employed in dour of the Chinese sulphurated ow-de
the nbove operation, M. Tuckert forgot of mercury could arise only from the
also to describe their form with suffi- state of oxygenation, more or less ad-
cient correctness and precision. Tlie vanced, in which the merciuy may be,
principal vessel is not a jar, but a kind in that combination, he proceeded to
of cracible, around which the heat cir- make the following trial : He took a
cutates, and which has over it, an iron hundred parts of U^tch red sulphurated
dome, through the summit of which oxyde of mercury, and having pulverized
the matter is introduced, after the cru- them, put them into a glass capsule,
cible has been previously brought to a sheltered from the impression of the sola
«tate of red heat. The success of the rays, and covered this powder with some
operarion depends most essentially upon cubic centimetres of pure water, taking
. the manageihent of the finj during tjie care to stir the mixture for the space of
act of sublimation. The fuel employed about a month, Ti-ith a glass tube. At
is turf, and M. Paysse observes, tliat no- the end of 7^ or eight days, be saw tlic
thing can be better adapted for the pur- oxyde sensibly change'its appearance, ,
pose, w'hen a constant aiul moderate and assume a very' agreeable sba^lf. '
heat is required. I'his uniformity of Duringabout 25 days, Ae spfendourof
temperature, during the thirty hours of the red increased gradually, and acquir-
heat mamtamed in tlie furnace, is cd the utmost perfection of bcaum
doubtless one of the chief causes .that Having further observed that the toattef
conduce towards the final success of the now remained in tlic . same states and
^^T^^^ILa 1 i , **^**^ *^ "<^ \oti&a underwpnt any app»-

\y wenredsulpliuratedoxydeof mercury ieat change, be decanted tUe water, aad

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The Drama.


ilMia tbc shade, and in a gentle tem-^ year.) ^ We shall ton tent outselves with
pcniufe* the red sulphurated oxyde of observing, that M.Paysse treated, in tlie
mcrcaiy. He comjiarcd it, in thisj>tate, same manner, red oxydcs* of mercuiy
and when very dry, with that of the Chi> prepared in^ the Dutch manufacVojrics,
nese, ind that of the Dutch manufacto- and those vvhich he had obtained as th^
lies, prepared by their secret process, but resuh of his own experiments ^ and un
could not perceive any sensible difference this point, the author avers that the pro-
in the splendour or beauty of the red > .portions of the principles wliich cuu*
SD that this very simple experiment puts stituted these oxydes, all very brilliant^
the public, at once, in possession of a exhibited variations very httle sensible*
proeess higiily advantageous to the fine They amounted only to nearly a liun-
ttts, and particularly to that of painting, dredth part ; so that it may be coniiidcred
and whicn the Dutch artists have so as a certain, undeniable fact, that cr^s^
1ms kept and monopolized as a secret tallized red oxydes of meccurv' are in-
to memselves. ^ debted for this state, to a couibination
M. Paysse, likewise, made some ex- of oxygen with the mercury, tlie pro-
penments, by nitric acid, on the me- portions of the forms being al\vays be*
tbod of manufacturing the red oxyde of, tween 18 and I9 ; while those of tiie
OKicury, or red precipitate.— -Our limits oxydes which have not brilliancy, ron-
vUl not permit us to detail the whole of tain, at most, from 13 to 14 of tliat
his £u:ts ; but it may be obserxed in gc- principle. Two incontestiblc advan-
neral, that if his process be followed, it tages will be found to result, therefore,
will lemove all the uncertainty of ma- from the preparation of crystallized- red
ouAicturers, who hitherto have not been oxyde of mercury. 1. An increase of
able to prepare this substance in the same the product of that oxyde, the mcaa
manner as is done in Holland. (Such term of which is 5 per cent more tliaa
English readers as wish to see a full and when it is not brilliant. And, 2. the
complete account of this process of M. impossibility or at least great diOiculty
I^jsse, may consult the AnnaUs de Chi- which avarice will inevitably experience,
mf, above mentioned, or the Philoso- in attempting to. adulterate this product
phical Magazine fo/ July, in the current of art, by means of red oxyde ui' lead.


GARDEN.— After the comedy
of the Mm of the IVortd, which waa ex-
tremely wellacted, particularly by Cooke,
WIS represented a new after {nece, called
RagtMino ; or, the Bravo of Venice. It
is ascribed to the pen of Mr. I-ewis. It
is not necessary to give at full length, a
detail of the story, which is obviously
taken froia jidellino, a German novel,
sad which has been subjected to the
hws of the drama, two or three times
before, but never as we think, with mi-
Mr success than at present ; in regard
to theefiect produced upon the ear, llie
piece opens with the vehement exclama-
tions of the dastardly Sperozzo, who
^tts been refused by Resabella, daughtet
^fthe Duke of Venice, in marriage;
snd who has, in consequence, hired a
^^flperate ruffian, named the BrAvo, (at
whose name all Venice trembled) to
«»stesinate die lady, at a certain religious
Pfopcssion, which she had intended to
^ist in. Rugantino, in the assumed
JW8 of a sick monk, informs her of the
Qogecsheisifij stabs Sperozzo^ and at

once declares himself her lover. Tw<^
other noblemen beside Foscari, arc said
to have perislied by the dagA4.r of H44-
gantino, so that the Duke of Venice of-
fers aconsidemble reward for his ap-
prehension. Meanwhile, Hu;;dntino
enters seeminglv into a dangerous plot,
to overturn the government, actuiz
in concert witli some discontented
noblemen, who ca^rj' on their conspira-
cy at the house of a certain foolish kind
of a Lord. The' Duke wishes to acoe-*
lerate the marriage of his daughter, with
the prince of Milan, when siKldenly the
latter disappears ^ supposed to have been
a victim to the Bravo.- Tlie princess her-
self is in love with an adventurer of the
name 6( Rodoarda, with whom she is de-
tected in a secret inlenicw, by the
Duke, and who, in order to ^ain the
Duke's favour, promises to dehveriiito
his hands, the Bravo, at a grand
mosque, which is to he given, iu ho-
nour of the princess's birth day, pro-
vided he will give him his daughter. Ilie
Duke agrees to the proposal. ITie
masque conunences when Rodoardo and

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Orlgmal PMr^.

»vo Inm out to be the same per-
.Thc Duke orders the Bravo to be
, when the latter claims his pro-
The I>uke insists that a promise
such circumstances, should not
pi ; when the princess falls on
Dees, and supplicates for the life of
»rer ; immediately the two noble-
who were thought to have been
ered, make their appearance, and
irince oX Milan and the Bravo,
mt to be the sanie individual, who
ig been disappointed by bome fiiir
had determmed not to marry until
»uld find a woman who would
uit to share his fate under all cir-
itances. The murder of Foscari,
x>unted for ; and the Bravo reveaFs
&rticulars of the conspiracvi and the
»rs agsdnst their country are imme-
ly seized. The piece concludes
the marria^ of the prince and Be-
lla. Such IS a short sketch, or out-
of the story, which is rendered, in
; measure,* interesting, by the tiii"
, if we may so lemv it, of the Bra-
no place being able to guard against
ntrusion : in fact, he changes his
I, not less than seven or eight times,
re is an awkward attempt at hu-
r, in the i)erson of an antiquated,
sh, old duenna, who has an txtra-
lary penchant for dancing ; an epis-

sode which is perfectly usden to lk¥
conduct of the piece, as likewise is die
character of an old, absurd, cewardW
the Lord : neither of which /tmnBr have
the least apparent relation to the' plot.
The dialogue throughout teems with
enmU and heaviness. The scenery bow<«
ever, it must be allowed, is beantifal,
in no ordinary degree. Tli^ views of
the city of Venice are .considered as ex-
tremely splendid, and the mechanist has
contrived to exhibit no small portion of
his skill, in (he representation of the
masoue, where the whole history of tKe
heatneu mythology is significantly de«-
picted. The last exceeds, in respect of
Its general grandeur and effect upoD the
eye, any thine of the kind we ever ie«
member to nave seen. The monc
cUiims honourable mention : the over-
ture was most captivating, especially
from an obligato movement, which the
scientific Dr. Busby has introduced,
with wonderful power and eflect In
short, every thing in which the ardsts,
mechanists, composers, &c. and iJI hot
the author hiipself (tanhm mm, as the
Latins say) has had any share (and the
austerity of our functi9ns unwillin^y
compels us to pass this rigid, interdic-
tory Sentence) 'hiust have a wcllgroua^
ed claim to our unfeigned, and (we hid
almost said) unbounded Pladdite 1



OF pope's pastorals.

tke Editor of the Vniverfol Magatnt,

rlH poet sddom conjures up scenes
more offensive to simplicity and taste
th(^>c whi(.h are denominated pasto-
Flocks, crooks, and purling streams
bund with too little labour to afford
es cither elegant or pleasing. On sur-
1^ the manners of tiic peasantry, in a
'amble through Windsor forest, I could
▼oid observing how preposterously dif-
t are the beings of leaiity from those
blc and iateltigcnt pei^onages with
n Pope has peopled this picturesque
ict. Allow mc to present yon with such
toral a>; a faithful transcript of local ha-
iffords. You will perceive that I copy
2jeat harmonist in my modes of con-
ng my essay. Theocritus and Virgil
d, pcihaps, contend that my subject is
ruiy oastoral. Be it so ; I wish they
I, with equal success, contend that it is
latural. I forbear to speak farther, le^t,
; I am smiling at others, I should gn>w
ilous mf self ; and ^, Sir,

Your constant reader,

(^ in the Corner.

SPRING— a pastoral.

Scinf^}Vinds9r fwtsU

FIRST in these scenes I echo Nature s

And paint the real manners of the swain.
Ye poets list, from aramanthine bow'ry,
And mark what nettles mock the bloshtn;

flow'rs ! • \

Each streamkt soft pursues its gentle cooncs
Tho* no prompt fable deify the source.

You cho«:en patron of the fertile scene,
(The nodding squire that lives beside die

Who, all the world illnscriously above,
Ne'er left the shelter of your natal grote;
O ! let my muse her faithful pen inspire,
Till quarter-sessions rouse your classic fire.

So, when no meeting wakes the courserV

With tedious trot the roadster se^ the pi^
But once proclaim *d thesigxial for the cbscct
The shoutiag jockics scorn its humbk Y^^»
Soon as the mom, with fresh and bangry airs
Awoke each mortal to his lot of c«res.
Two hinds along the dale their foldiop l^^t
Of South-Down breed, oo Wind««ph>"i*

tho' fed.

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Originai Poetry^ 351

The son-faae^Wi* «f the eastern Ay, No more he sect the folks, the fan, the

ThiwJobsonstMke, thus Simkio made reply. shews,

Jfl<(.— Hark from the vttla^ what a thud- ^ stream of blood bedews his aching nos«.

derincT slioota

The alehouse, sure, must hold a jolly rout. I 7«*-— When pensive erening threw her

Wickets Md-sldttles make a gallant shew; ^. "I*"''^ 8^7 ,^ .

But for these sheep, (the d— Is) we'd thithe^ $,^ ^^t P"'*''? • ""^^ ^^^^ important day,

jM> • Three Hampshire swains, three Berkshire

Our Sa?k, he sorr, and all the singers brave, ^ ' ""^^ °PP?'^» ,. ^ '

Are »a at Johnson^s tap to try a stave ' ^° P''*'^^ ^'*°" '^^^ ^^^Z ^^^ fi«'

,-,- t- J^ , \„ * would close I

"TT? """"*' and shall we idle The Hampshire newsman led the glorious

staiMif strife,

^ '• ^ ?i!? °°' TtiS'^J' ^.* ' And held tlu«e jummer's days a tnoTT life.
Wtat mne tbe-mooD difdos'd her tim'rou. whik luckless Hampjiire, <^'dSw

"•^•^s to lose

Our toaster drank, and now lies safe a bed. in silent .wonder went without the news'*
Hold JobsoD, on this coin of snowy hue, ui. «.« ucw» .

gone wondVoas face, **{not Pan's/* ap Siai^Lct Hampshire vaunt her hogs of

artist drew ; greasy fame,

With mystic words, the L— d knows what Her streams, and forests, blessM with regal

they mean. name,

The wond*rous face all dotted round is seen. Those forest shades the peasant holds more
Tliis coia so rare. Til stake upon a song, * dear,

Who gains the pri2e first tastes the can of Whose streams re&olve to honest Berkshife

strong. beer.

7s^*— Agreed; and see of gems a costly

Mic» 70^.— When day exhausted yields the sway
Whidi on theye nervous wrisu I faithful to night,

wear ! . And quiv'ring moon-beams shed insidious

Of Bet the gift, a nymph of yonder shade, U^ht,

Who drives in Windsor s grove a rural trade. The Hampshire smuggler lands his procioitt
Grav'd on each stud, two wounded hearts load, , ,

arc viewed, While dripping Hollands marks his devionft
With tdaLpc pow*r as seers affirm, endued ; road.

Shoo'd Simkin's strain superior prove to No King wi rob to fill a beggar's dkh,

. Bune, . Whose nights but empty Lodon* of its fish.

These mystic, emblems, Simkin, straight „ ,^ . ..,

are tnioe. o/aa— Where early vi lets weep the mormng

*i*-Btit who shall duly judge the rastic scc treiJIbUnghare. their silly course pursue !

- y L J. •• !• . 1^. T6rte, e'er the sun uprose his pond'rous

The shepherd's idol! sec, he comes this way. jj^^^j '^ '^

OnWi^ whodoctoK, cows, UiaU we agreef within my wires, with cry dipastrow bled.

J«*.-Ycs, Will who doctors cows, the ^ joke, f thought, would make them taste

empire be., , ' the higher.

In ancient boots with rural mud emboss*d, ' So, his ov\n game I sold our simple 'squire !

Wai fcatly spurr'd the donkey that he ^ , . , , ...

cro^>^ yc^.— And, doctor, see, stray *d from its

A fi^the hoary swain was wont to bear, ,.^. J^l^V?? ***"*' v ^ t. ^

Wkwe fumes salubrious woo the mominr ^^<* budding cowshps treads the tender

air. lamb! •

* Prtceed !• he cry 'd, • whUe ravens stty their "« ""^« ^ choak'd, beneath yon spreading

note, *'^»

And each pert mag restrains his brazen '^hc cheated farmer gave his flesh to me.

throat! . ;^;//,_Ccase to contend j so equal is your

iw.^When rays autumnal bless'd the song,

!*^'j^*« pain. To neitlicr party shall the palm belong.

Aneigh'bpng fair entic'd each ardent swain. You, Job..on, still, your iny,tic studs retain,

nmch tried his tricks j intent on higher (The only heart of Bet's you'll ever ^ !)

•1 A ^^-^ ^^^ Simkin's modal in t'ae up will shme,

1 dare the throng at back<4Word*s noble Where the first draft, us umpire, must be
. P^' mine.

A youth of Hampshire mocks my swelling

a .?^V ' , • The river i.K)don nnu tbraush a part

AM tree imm fiiTour equal wc enpge. ^f ^^ fyf^^

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Original Poetry »


I LOVE to sec Aurofa*s beam
Irradiate the sky i
To see the bouAdlos ether teem
With rays of brightest die.

When sablf night overspreads the pbun^
I dearly love to rove,
. To hear sweet Philomela* s strain
Soft warbling through the groiK.

I love to paoe the verdant mead.

When summer heats prevail,
To see the kwift majestic steed

Prance gaily through the dale.
The parent4>ird I love to see,

Bring home the ^-fetched food,
And then divide it equally

Among her caHow brood.

I love to join the rustic throng

At even in the dale.
To hear their cheerful, artless song,

To see their mirth prevail.

To inhale the sweet refreshing breeze

Of zephyrus I love.
To hear it murmurisg in the trees

Of the deep thady grovr.

I love to see the infiaot flowY
Its beauteous leaves expand ;

I hail with joy the verdant shower
Whidi fructifies the land.

.1 love to see the limpid stream
t-At the still hour of night,
Keflect pale Luna's silver beam
Replete with borrow*d light.

1 love to climb the mounuin*s brow^

The vast expanse to scan,
To see the spacious vale below

DiminUh*d to a span.
I love to Vcc the vessel borne

Adown the gla«sy tide ;
The ejfccts of vanity I mourn*

And mad ambition's stride

I h>vc t^expand the infant mind.

The yet unpolished gem,
The graft of reason for to bind

Upon the tender stem.

I love to see the modest blwih

Suffvse tberkgin's cheek ;
For in liiat timid, virtuous flubh

The soul itself doth speak.

I hold the social Gonverse dear.

Instruction to impart ;
The man of truth with love revere.

And wear him next my hearL

I love to see the blooming: bir

"With native shyae^ss coy,
To see the youthful wedded pair

With pleasing dalliance toy.

I love to make the mother blest.
Her risitig hopes to cheer.
• To clasp her wfam to my brea>t,
jfknd ^u£il her r^ery £m

I love to see the infant smile.

Its balmy lips to kiss.
Its littk griefs for td beguile

And share its every bUss.
I hold my native country dear,

Pm firm in freedom's cause*
Her generous sons I do revere.

Her liberty and laws.

When warring nations cease to fight.
Make dove-ey'd peace their choice.

Then beats my heart with pure dcligh^
Then doth my soul rejoice.

Wben*er I hear the tale of woe,

I heave the pityini^ sigh,
Adown my cheeks the tear-drop* flofw

With tender sympathy.

I love to make the debtor free,

To make the mourner glad.
And heartfelt joy it h to me

To see the naked dad.

My soul at peaoe with all mankind.

By pa<ision*s ne*er opprest ;
In every thing doth pleasure find.

For peace reigns in my breast.
E'en scenes of death have joys for me,

If piety prevail :
The good man's end I love to see.

His parting breath to haiL
For well I know his heartfelt joy

To quit this spot terrene.
Where pleasures soon as tasted doy.

And passions cloud the scene.
But yet, though vice reigai oo the earth.

Yet virtue reigns likewise :
I'hough many a pain, there hai its biitk.

Yet comforts too arise.
Were*t not for vice with hideons mien.

Virtue would scarce be prized.
Her brightest charms would not be sea.

However undi5^;ttis*d.

*Tis by affliction and disease

We feel for other's woes ;
By>ain we price the body's ease.

By toil vke find repose,

«d^.a^, 1805. J.D.


Adiressti to Charles CarJinaU, £ff. athnrp'
UdgiHg the receipt ifafaefamm^ teal iy him
i9 tbn author,

ZOUNDS \ Pope, I thank yc for an a«
cellcnt fawn
As e'er grac d a table^ or skipt 00 a lawn.

Online LibraryUnited States. Supreme CourtThe Universal magazine, Volume 4 → online text (page 63 of 108)