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Schaffhouscn, in Germany, .by ^I- the-
counsellor Fiicher, in a manner so iu-
genious, that it is already considered as
having been brought to a state of per-
fection. This machine presents i\\%
form of an antique altar, of the beau-i
tiful style, verv nearly in the taste of
the altar of jEsculapius, retraced by
different antiques, a basoti of about
six inches, and in diameter from eigh-
teen to twenty. A man first collects
the water ; but, by means of an orifice
that has been made in the bottom ot
the bason, it penetrates into pi[)es of
three inches diameter, which descend
spirally into the base of the altar. The
water by its weight puts asuckef into
motion j nearly one tnird part of it es-
cJapes, but the rest, by a pression of the
sucker, is forced into a recijjient or re-
ceiver, and from thence is pumped into
straieht pipes. As it only ascends
slowT^, the resistance of the^alr is but
very fittle felt j so that by means of this
machine acting continually bv itself,
the water may be carried from lakes or
rivers into habitations situated ujx);! the
tops of mountains. Accordingly M.
the counsellor Fischer has, in this man-
ner, procured water to a chateau ele-
vated many hundreds of feet aboVe the
level of ihi river Rhine,


EtJftOPE is said to be ia a state of pute, without an appeal to the sword,

civili^^ion. If we look around But it is in vain to spend one's time in

for die proofs of it, what a strange sight lamenting this foolisn prejudice. Such

has, since the last moQtb> been present- is the irresistible force of. events, that

^ to us I Murder, clad, in imperial the nation which is^ not prepared to

xobes, is stalking upon the stage, ready defend itself, can have but little reason

at the first signal to let loose the dogs to expect that its liberty and independ-

of war, and havock and desolation join ence will be preserved.

h the tnad career* What a horrible Russia, Au.)tria, and France, have

itfieciion for men pretending either to nearly exhausted ll\cir pepcr arms,
rca^an or to Christianity, that the coun- . Manifestos have been circulated in rrreat

tiies which lay (he stronp;est claim to abundance; their con en ts are ma intain«>

both, are employing ilieir chief thought ed bs many hundred tiiousand men in

and attention on the modes of destroying arms', ihc greater part of whom do not

their fellow careatures : th^t at this mo- rtad, j.nd of the remainder, the greater

tocnt, upwards of twe millions of men part are little solicitoub about the truth

are in arms, and that the world has not or falsehood of their arguments. In

yet got beyond the mere school-boy this country,* the majority seem rhcwt

contest^ aficl caimot settle a trifling dis- inclined to lavoux the pretensions of the

3 A 3 Digitized by GOQglC

eombiacd'powtrs: tKe humUi«tIon of of Gtrmimy, and he tUacka an «ifai«r-

l^•iIat u wickedly caljcd a natural enc- power, a jpower which he is howii \9

my, is the uinpermostoOemimes in out potect, and compels U tx) throw iteidt

thoudjts; and forgetting ti^e w«Il- into the arms of l^ranoe. He may mo-

known fable of the hor«e and the stag, bahly vindicate hmisclf by the piecedcnt

we aeem to ^ippnehend no fixture mis- thewn by tlu8 cpunUy, when, m our

chief fwi the mtrodiiction of the bar- ardour fpr dclivenoK fcuropc, w m^Om

l)arou9 hordes of Russia into our con- war upon Spain. But this ", WUeccp-

tests. But the powers of the contineo^ solation for Bavan^ : and in the coDflid

have other couceros besides the rivalry between the empires, the elector se^

between Fnincc and finglaadj and tohaTecho»cn the^jdemo^adapt^^

howQ^er they may abhor some Wts of his political inteirats. The desue wbicU

jacobiiusm, ar they call it, on land by Austria baa manifested niore tb^ oner

one power, and on sea bv the other, for gajt of his terntpnes, must hawe

thcycannotscc the inteifcrence of othei convmced ^lim, that it^ fiuccest woohl.

states in the quarrel, without a consi- be equally fotal to hun, in wbatertf

dcrable degree of attenUon to their own character he acted, wheth^ as a fnend

interest^. or a foe. In either case he must he at

it is natural, therefore, for theni to is mercy. From France he mi^tex^

consider what will be their fate, if pect support, because it is t» the uUe«st

FiraDce should He prostrate before the pf tbit country-, that none of hjs domi-

eag^ of Austria and Russia. What nions sliould be annexed to AnsUia.

seciwity would the small states of Ger- The French emperor was not eontenl

many then have for Uicir f^Ulre «xist- also with his m»mfest08. He iaaiclied

ence? What new partitions must be with the utmost dispatch, hu ttoo»

made to satisfy two courts, whi^ have from Boulogne to the bank* of the

shewn such a disposition to make, and Kbine. He addressed M Senate inth.

such skill in planning them ? A cm- all the confidence of Ions esUblubcd

isade against France may be a good power, and placed himself at Uie bod.

watch-woid ; hut bad as their emperor «^ I*" soldiers on th« oth^ aide of tbe

either is, or is repreaemed to be, policy* Bhme, «DCciving the congiatulattoBS of

may dictate, that without a strong electors on his amy^ among them, ana.

power in France, greater evils are likely forming his plans in the muUt of fcsti*

to afjse from the union and confederacy vities, ^iven to him by princes and na-

<yf sufeh empires as Austria and Bnsata. Wes, pnding themselves on birth nM»t

As to Great Britain, though the iFiench ^^ ^V o^^»«» "^ Europe, and who, *

seem willing lo throw as much blame ^ Y^ars ago, would not have admit^

as possible upon the politics of this him into their mansions or palaces-. ^

country, it has a very little sb^ae, a^ Emperor of Gcnnany also headed lu»

playsaverysubordiDatejpQxt.ln the great aimy, but it was only. for a short tune}.

game, now at .iita^ for empires.. U ^^ after a conference with his geni^U*

<jati send too few troops te be of any he returned in haate to Vienna. Thw

maieriftl consequence on the conthient, the prospect of a sjreedy meeting ofuia

and.ks naval war will not cither hasten two sovereigns was clouded over, and A

or retard any opetatiods on the plains seemed to be delayed till a thkd should

of Germany. On Prussia the e\-es of be of the party. ' . ^j.

^e continent arechie% fixed : as long %c Emperor of Eossia enters vvrtft

' as tliat state preserves its neutrality, its i*dour into Ae cont«»t. Hi« »oWia*

importance witt be acknowledged ; and are making rapid advances tow«ds tht

if Its mediauon should not be accepted, fields of action. No less thanahun-

its interferencfe may decide the' contest. <hed and fifty thou«and men are sakl to

Austria has uoured its troops into the. be in motion, and the emperor himsdf

tectorate of Bavaria, has driven its is to take the field. In his way he is to

elector from the capital, of which it have a conference with the King af

Has taken possession, and the troops of Prussia 5 but it is scarcely to be ex-

Jaaijaria have, in consequence, toinod ixscied, that this conference can very

•With the French. This is rather a materiallv aflfect the politics of either.

' *?«oge beeinning of a war, to keep Should the French press on, and com-

tTancc witbm due beunds, and to pre- pfel tlie Austrians to retreat, ih^ V»M

>|w«^ Its domineering over inferior states. teH back on so strong a body of Ras-

*Me i^mpevQr of Aimria is also Emperor aHans, that they apprehend it ioaiJOSiiWe

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Siai9ti fubUc 4ffdr»* dOf

f tbcPneaieli cmfierer to venture upon Hanorer is relieved from dit burden

lowing. them: and on the jupctioo of French troo|>s; but by whom thi^

tJ^ two armies, diey must compel ill-fated country will be possessed, tiine

m in their turn to retreat. The (or- must discover. The Russians pxt ^axor

ine of Bonanarte has done such things ins troops by sea towards those psxts,

. Mr him alieaay, that no one can venture and tlie Swedes are also in motion ; bui:

$0 prognosticate what will be the issue whether the North of Germany or Woir

fi these great designs. Should the three , land is their destination, a shor( ti^

fmperors appear upon^ one plain, the ' will discover. The French seem t^

Wttie will oe such as Eurojpe has never have some apprehensions of the latter.

Witnessed, and the result ot it will ma- by marching uoops into Holland ; an$

teruJly change the relative situation of as troops have been.c:mbarked for a ^fh

^c contendins powers. In this awful i^ign expedition on our co^^ts, Holland

jpiQiDeiit, the nopes of negotiation are seems likely to be exppsed to an atucii^.

Sfeot entirely lostjbut they are of a 8lis;ht Denmark, m the mean time, is deterr

Jcxture J and as neither prty can sately mined to preserve its neutra^lity ^ yet i^

'ttcede, we may expect to hear soon that is arming and taking those precautipn^^

» Tigoroos campaign has conunenced. which becomes a wise state, in timef

Vve had just finished the last sen- of such difficulty. Thus there is no^

tenoe, when news arrived that Bona^ thing but agitation in every part of £u^

parte had seized the officers of legation, rope. Tlie Northern part of Italy wil)

of the Elector of Wirtembcrg, and of be one scene of bloodshed : the trench

both Austria and Ruasia: This was done ve marching their trqops from thf

at a court, where this emperor was re- Southern extre^iity to that quarter|

ceived with the utmost attention ; and and the King of Napks is jeducol

so strange are the events of this life, he to the necesshy of admittme a garrison

had honoured the electoral family l^ of Russians ana English In his capital*

sopping in public, and the electress*, the and in Messina. The fate oft his tei«

pnncess ro3*al of England, united ' in ritones depends upon the arrangement^

mt usual testimonies of respect to this that may follow tlie movements of tb^

nev sovereign. The territory of Russia hi^er powers.

has also been violated bv the march of Spain has enough to do with its wat
pome French and JBiavarian trooptf with England, but may be called in by
through the district of Anspach, atid its ally, to support him in his new coa-r
this nureh has occasioned a violefit sen- ffict. The JPrince of Peace is scaroelf
sation at Berlin. In a country- like Ger- better seated in his post, than the pre-'
inany, it is difficult to move without D>ier in England ; and the riots at Man
these violations : but Pirussia has suffi- drid, on the subject of the paper moneyr
ctent cause, according to the received shew, that there still remains some do<
notions of pohiics, to commence hos- gree of spirit in his countr)', of whicb
tilities. At any mte, this power will be he has reason to be appreliensive. llie
WBie active in preparing his troops for pp^i* money tlicre is not, however, sa
emy event ; though we can scarcely bad as that which the Austrians compel
belies, that he will be indi^ced on this the Bavarians to take. Yet the discon<
ground to pennit tiie Russian troops to tents in Spain are ngt unlikely to bursf
piss through his territor>'. The mca- out in an explosion, which may maker
sure of the French was necessary to a material change in tjwt country, Por-
oat-flank, if possible, the Austrians ; tu^al all this time seems tp cpjoy tnm^
sod every thing 'portcnds that the Em- quillity, for which, however, it will pay.
peror ot France means, by some plan a considerable price ; and Switzerland
concerted with his generals in Italy, to has proclaimed its neutr Jliy, whicb
make a grand and vigorous attack on all will not prevent eilhcr Austrians or
pans, so that his troops nlay, after a de- French from violating their territury. if
ieatof the Austrians, be united on the tlie events of war should lead tliem to
same spot, where he once before gave that quarter.

W to Austria, and proceed to Vienna, In this agitation of Europe, we m»i?t
before the Russian troops can assist look abroad^for something hke tranquil-
their allies. If this plan of his should Hty. This is enjoyed by Aniciicaj yet
prove al^rtive, we snail see witli ^-hat in different parts, the evils of nature 6c-
a^dftss he isatble to supj^rt aiaversc of casion that disquiet, whicb amon^ us
(ur^e. ari^e^ from the passious of men. The?

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State ofPullk A fain.

yellow fever lias made its ravages. Tbc they cannot feel thefr interests so vnitd
united states have cause to congratulate with that of the public^^ as to place tbfe
' themselves on their energy in the Medi- receipt and expenditure of the finances
lemmean, as they have compelled the on their pfopcr foundation, andtopre-
states of Tripoli to make peace with them, vent the recurrence of such crimes as
and given a lesson to Europe, in what those of Lord Melville. Long parlia-
manner to conduct itself with a nation of mente, with a very considerable number
pirates. The complaints against Eng- of men attached by places and pensioos
"land are not stopped. They arise, to a minister, must produce what wt
cTiiefly, from a doubtful decision re- have seen, and increase rather (han di-
spectmg prizes -doubtful, we mean, re- minish the quantum of abuses. As to
specting its justice. A vessel carrjing -the injndioioas conduct of Lord Mrf-
a cargo from Europe to an American villels friends, we \^'ant words to exprcsa
port, and re-shipping it for a Spanish our reprobation of it. Not contest
J)ort, has been deemed a lawful prize by with their endeatours, palpably Hbsurd
the English, on the supposition that it as they art, to whitdu-ash him, thcj
is enemy's property. The Americans even call aloud for the necessity of cor-
don tend, that uie cdra;o was bonajidc ruption in a government like ours. A
theirs, and carried for sale to the enenn'*s more flagrant and more uryust satire
tountr}'. In some instances this niay could not be made oh our constitution.
. not have been the case, and there will The feet is, that this corrtiption has
naturally arise many difficulties upon gfown upon us, ever since the bill for
such a subject : but'to make a general septennial parliaments \ it was the ni-
law, that all vessels should be seized tura! consequence of that bill, aud it
under such circumbtanccs, is scarcely will continu« to increase till that bill is
justifiable. Tliey complain, also, that repealed, and the ancient constiiuiiotf
men arc pressed fn their ships : it cer- of^ this country is restored,
taihly is our inlercst, notwitlistanding Our attacfcs ^ui)on the flotilla at Boa^
Our great power, to give an ear to tliese logne continue, but with little success,
bomplaihts, and afford all the remedies The French detail the accounts of oor
ivhich the occasion requires. fire-shii)si and infernal machines, widl

At home, two subjects have occupied g^t luirade, and endeavour to expose
the most attention. The question on a "s to the same ridicule as the Spaniards
dissolution of parliament, aud the en- brought upon themselves, in a fonner
qiiiry into the nature of Lord Melville's ^ar, by their attack upon Gibraltar,
trimes, very pcr\ersely forced upon the B"t the infernal machine, as it is called,
public by his injudicious friends and is likely to be j)roductive of more mis-
advocates. At one time it was currently chief than they imagine ; and when it is
reported, that Mr. Pitt would dissolve brought to the degree of perfection of
the psirliamcnt, with a view to displace which it is susceptible, we arc likelv to
the members in Lord Sidmouth's inte- be the greatest sufferers by it. the
iest : but then the loss to be apprehend- reader irwv recollect a speech, made by
cd in Other quarters, more tl\an coun- Lord Stanhope in the House of 1/ords,
terbalanced this petty gain. It cannot in which he desired all strangers to be
be, that the people of England should excluded, on account of sometliing he
be so forgetful of themselves, when they had to communicate of the utmost con-
have an opportunity, as to return all sequence to the country. This wi^ just
those members a^ain to parliament, after the time when these michincs
who have disiihgiushed themselves by were invented. Tlie inventor is, we bc-
thcir desires and votes, to screen a man lieve, Mr: Fulton, an American, whfl
from justice, who has declared that he ^'cnt from this country to Fnuicc, oa
has used ten thousand [Sounds of the not receiving encouragement, and this
public money, in a manner of which he IJist winter waif again ia England. He
will gi^'c no' account ; and the conse- is the inrentor, al'sp, of a method of
quence of course must be, that a new moving, in a vessel under water, an ac-
parliament would be still more unfa-' count of which is detailed in Deblandc's
\ourable to ?,!r. Pitt's empire. How- edition of Montucla's History of the
ever. It IS a matter of trifling importance, Mathematics. John Bull would ntii
whether a parliament is dissolved or not, believe that a vessel could mov^ under
as long as the present system continues, water, as it could not be supplied With
ana members are elected for seven years : * aii*, though this is ju!»t as easy as sup<

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list of New PttlReat'utr^m Septemler, 1805.


^ a vessel with water ; and Lord
ofiope incurred a great de^e<? of ri-
dicule, for his good intentions and very
proper conduct. Howercr, time, the
^rcat author of rerolutrons in mens* scn-
timents, has proved to this country the
Icaslbility of blowing a vessel up in the
air: and what has in vain been tried at
Boulogne, has been performed with
great success, on a vessel npon our own
coasts, within sight of Wa'mer Cnstle,-
•die residence of the prime minister.-
One of these infernal machines attached
itself under water to Hi brio; three hun-
dred ton^ burden ; a;\d at the time men-
tioned by a gentleman on shore, it was
Ibrn to pieces, and became a perfect
"WTCck. The powers of this riiachinc
cannot be doubted : the difficulty will
be to render it efficacious against bodies
in motion \ and if this could be done,
die superiority of the British navy is
gone. How lar it is judicious in this
tountry to encourage such experiments,
may justly be questioned. 'The art of
destruction will be considerably increased
by them, and all harbours and fortifica-
tions are rendeired by them far less se-
cure than before. The same experi-
ments that we are now making, may
be made by the enemy at Gibraliar ; but
if the art of war is really improved by
^is new species of infernal destruction,
|be machine uiay hereafter be applied to

useful purposes, in times of peace : and
whpre a ship has sunk, and is likely to
impede navigation, the application of
tliia machine will remove the obstacle,
and disperse it into a thousand pieces.
Quidquid aedificant, arant, nnvigant ho-
mines, virtuti omnia patent.

The present system of affairs requires,'
we have observed, the utmost skill in
the defence of our country: -and not
only th^ volunteer system is to be en*
couraged, but every step is to be taken
to make, all acquainted with the use of
arms. We are happy to say, that since
our last, the volunteers have been brir
gaded in some places with regulars.
The practice, we hope, will continue ;
and tlkit in every part of the country,
the regulars and .the volunteers, by fre-
quently exercisine with each other, will
leani how to render each other the best,
services possible, should they ever be.
called out together to the same field of

A most extraordinary murder has ex-»«
cited a great deal of curiosity and horror..
To comment upon it now would be.
improper. The unfortunate man, who
is justly the object of suspicion, is con-
fined .tor his trial ; and 6n the day of '
trial, it is to be hoped, will clear him-
self from the charges laid against him :
for if not, we shall have to deplore a
very sad instance of human depravity.

^ As thh Depart ment will be of great Importanci /o Authors a7id Book-.

SELLERS, as well as to Literalure in genefaly it is ref/itested that Noricr.s

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ANTIQUITIES. Appendix, adapted to the present State of*

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Laws, a List of the Subscribers,' together mas, who, by extraordinary talents and en


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and Wales ; by D. Turner, F. R. S. and
L. S. and L. W. Dillwyn, F. R.5.and
L. S. 2 8vo. I4s.


viih Extracts from the Miimtes of the Pro-
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A New Edition of Fcrguson*s Lectures
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