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reftcrvatiota ofbift £9rce» to the jurer »?iga* and advangQ4 ^9 Qigaer noc^ourji

g' »a of aa ^ips^ i and the eqlipse, W9^ flattened bv tt;e Uomags ot scryllf
b vaak^s q^x epoch, gcqaaione4 cpurt4/e;:s» M'hi&t t}^e l^ofoy veteran,'
ie«U$trvicti<^ Q^anAUien,xan aroiy. ^hose akl(l an4 CQUva^f^ ^ud h^(i
liift arn^y Lad bieea se»t und^ tbe qfo^^'ned with success, Wcis rea^iv(^
ommaud of Nicias, ty xeduoe Syra- with cold oputepapt, and howev^ a^
pse» tat the plague tbi^oed its raoks, plaivM by the^eqple^ felt and f^
ttd wb«a the gen^xsl had determined sentqd th^ treatwcut, he oiei: wjlh ^
a quit Sicily^ and on the naou;k/eat of court, it ii po wondfiT th<^n th;ft
a»barkuigy sui edipse tqok plac^, Aer^^es commanded a numei qus ' ap*
vVuch cr^^ated terror. a»d suspended (py, gnmd in sl^w, h,u^ fe^Ue ip
bak aperatioAs- The consoquenoe action: a;id all eountiies^ where a
m, that t)K3 Syracusans made all, similar (^ondwct is purs^edL yill f<^
l^ffieraU and soldiers, arisoners, axui in a simiUr degrQQ jits eftqc^s-
;raaC€!d the ibrnaier with the greatest But 1(^ us .tiu:fi from th^;>e gh^^
mharity. ^slaves tq {^onidas^ and hi^ n9hle t^ap^

Qrnst. If. To what reflations do of Spartans. Leonidas ' met bi;i titp
kha abova epochs give rise ? with compQSure, knowing, th^t h^^

\Vhen MTG see three miljipns of two^ de^tli was tho deliverance of Greece.
footed beings, termed rational beingii. What a^^lori^us sentiment ! ^hal] f
laUowkiga wret6h, as contemptiQ!^ t^l9st gpou us in EnglaUd at th^
aathenuelves, to briof into subjecr moment, when the news fsarrh'edgf
lion a hrave people, wh9 had done .110 so ^orious a victory as that ^t Tralalr
wroDg p«*obauly to any 00^ of th^^ gar^ ano the undauiitf d spif il (^f^^-
iWee millioatt, and wbi^ae suby^ectioa $on hr^ati^ed its last,' after liaVin^ pefr
cauld&airoely add any thing to the formi^ the highest duty to his (^o^ii;
cocnlbrtaf Uy^m three mdhoos, wis ^f ^ ^o ! in snit^ of tlu^ If^^^fi^
•Ft w-rapt m aw6d ^stonlshm^t si to break down Oie spirit of E^sJ^I^
4fae4apr9»'ky of huiogm nitoe. Sut men, in ^plte 9f th^ e^Tvita Qt cgrrA^i^
^kUsd^l^aola depravity k not to ei^ tigu, gui: countrymen 90 jl^nd ^v^
cit« jsaraiv astoaishmant,. we should A^t: prove themi^elves unworthy of tli^
consider um cavnes^ whi^b brongbPt blood >hed f$^i' theii^ by t^eifgudntr^C'-
thiee a^Ulioiis of p^&ous into so ab- n^en at sea* The emperor of Frauq^
iecta fitate. The J?^siwi3 m?der Cy^ cannot bring so nianV me;i against uL
rw w«v a brave and geoerous peor as Xerjas dwlagiun»<h^ Gc$«iks^ but
4>le : Cyrm also was biave l\i),|iself^ h^ is at the head of warriors, tfa^^
aud knew bow to reward bravery and by victory tQ arms> and adepts lb (h^
owrit ia othar^. A di^rent syateu^ profession from long ^^^pgr^f^ce- To
prevailed a^r his suGcossors : th^ meet such an fuj^n^' ^^^ Wis^ act|
faieatfief a BeM4f#tnset loi^nger were skill to bravery ; ai^T,, If j^y pi^ lldf
uimarejMqd^st than the sp^itof a ^^n a cominls^ion ,tQ 4^1^40 hj^
Neiifoa; and^^* who wer^robbiutf couAtri% an^ h^ not learned the aUr
taeir king and \hm oowtry ip aS Ueu, wm9h ;t require?, lat.hiii? resign
VartfTBi, mi^ * pUalw* round hi* At toothers. The time reguwes, thgr
pwen^ aod cjl^^aaUy pf©ventei(|l the we should too^v our strengthj, ^tid ou^.
b«i)a»t «^ br^vD 6loi^ having aiiy ^^ty fiust npt depend W ^X^ but
IMrtJcipauaQiathaainaiun9An(spfu:^ tlioio who ace fully (;.oipp^(i^t,W th# '
^^ar^ay^fmrtvu^t^^o ser^ethf^ir t^isk.

««»atfy.^o »n¥e^it a tax }v.sl$ th<| The QODduqt pf th^ BonianS may
<)^>Ntqfaaibiti^: a te$ai di^^ai'd well a4iea.ps with sliaiine. Weliav^
o^tliafaaaoes ia their eitpepdwre regular]^^ ^j the first meeting of a par-
««pfeiirod i^aim : for the oAdtitujilisi^ llamtint, a ^>aimittee of l*iws ; but
yko jpMMd by the aefi^rious tcadlg, what has b^en dgi^e for inany years to
««Wttid fdl tiie «:laa>oiK o£ the pei- fiorrecl or unprov?: pur kgislati'on ]
I»f « th^ Qpfxaauuitf on tl>e {)pise» The Romans had their la^o engravQl
We itatfiBniag, vrho qwde tlieir tor- pn pillars of bra^s in the Forum, but
^^iW. Ag«n«:al,wb<9badbcenbeat Webtminstcr Ha)! j^nust be covered
<^Miv by tbe eneiay, and escapod with copper to receive our laws, we
F»tUmfife by a dijgrac^l capuu- haVcthe adviintage of printing, yet no
«Moii,Mju«»d,mth waWushing h^f^ |Q«^i«w|/. i^Ae k/ingdoRi can aiford

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4^ ■' Answ&s io the Historical and Philosopkkat Quef^cfnsl



*to bu^ even a copy o{ the laws. We
were once a pnest-ridden, -^t are

* now ift dapgpr of being a law-riddeo
feopte : ' anid ^ in the present state of

- tlie Hrtisc of Commons, it is not de-
sirabJe to haye a committee, to draw
*op, in tlie manner of the decemrfrate^

.a body £jflaw3 ; but, if even the re-
presentation of the people should be
what it ought to be, if ever rotten bo-
roughs should be suppressed, and men
dependerit on the minister, or any
^andee, excluded from a seat in the
'Bousfer, thfen one of the first objects of

; ,8uch a house of commons will be to
make law J, what they ' ought to be,
tilain, clear, concise, not only intel-
iligible to the commonest person, but
easy to be come at by him.
• ti6vtf few ifre tHe calamities that
arise front tiatural causes, compared
.with those which spring from the
foVLy afnd passions of men ! Many
thousands perished by tlie plague of
'Athefis, AoW fnany thotisanos does
war sweepaway from the face of the
'cafrii ? when \iill tneti employ the
'same ingenuity to preserve as to de-
stroy life ? Millions and milhons upon
inttfiops of pounds will be expended
on this putsuit j small is the boofi
thaf will be besto"^''ed on those', whose
aim shouJd be to preserve us from
disuses, and fo improve the happi"-
tiess of our race !

We may smile at the folly of the
:Athema)i army, in dreading to em-
bark on account of an eclipse, and we
mayiaugh at the Hindoo, who be-
lieves, that a dragon is attacking the
tnoon, but are we free from supersti-
tion ourselves ? Oiir' alniahacks have
long foretold t» tfs the at!]proach of
eclipses, arrd.the cause;, of thehi has
Jfeen Mly ejyakined. It waa not so
>'!th .the poof Athehiansv These
idolaters looked on it ks a mark pf the
interference of some of theif ridicu-
lous and ixmtemptibte. gods,, Uff-
hapjpy state of liuman lieiiigs I ." How
tlianKfol ought we to be for the op-
portunities aSorded'us* We have, 'o\ '
may have truer notions from our saf-
crea scriptures. Yet how matiy re-
ject die truths contained i» them, for
the idle trumpery of some^one dressed
in t)lack, who, pretending to expound
them, babbles forth his owft nonsense
fur divhie truth! The stiparstStSous
Attachment to a sect or a man is just
S8 coscemp^Io^itf the fapeivtiUon of



the Athenians, when the ecKpse p«^
"vented an army from embarking.

Quest. HI. Whatare the chief oc-
currences' between the accession of
the Brunswick famity to tlie throne,
and the act for lengthening the dui^
tion of parliament f

When George the first came to
England, the country was divided into
tw-0 great parties, whose diflferences
it was in his power to have removed,
and he might have had the gloiy of
reconcrling them, and rei^iin^ as
the beloved sovereign of an unitfid
kingdom. But vanoos circumstan-
ces prevented so happy an event from
taking place, and some which d^
honour to his character. TTie two
parties were called whigs and toiier,
and some afreet to be called by tfce
former name at the present ^,
wliilst all repel from theniselveB tne
infamy of the latter appellation. Tlic
whigs were the great advocates for the
constitution, as settled at the levoia-
tion, and of their party weie aU the
dissenterv and the mhabitazits in ^
neral of the great towns. 'tYxt tones
supported the royal prerogative, aad
were afraid lest the jgovemment
should approach too much to the re-
publican form. Their diarader is
well described in the country aqmie
in Tom Jones ; and the souires, who
lived in retired places, ana were ae*
customed to domineer in their petty
districts, were terribly afraid of liber-
ty, associated with the sup{>osed rising
importance of their inferiiors. The
clergy too were in general <rf ihia
party,, and their supposed interests
made them still more afraid of the
new femily on the throne. The Bruns-
wick farmily was among the first re-
formers, and however tyraAnipal theff
political government ia their ^^etty
electorate^ had been, es tOAy since
have contitaied, they ettibraccM most
fifinly the piire sentune&t c^ religious
toleration. This appeared in the
speeches of Geoi^e the first, and the
favourable reception, which the dis-
senters met With at • his court; a re-
ception, odious to the hi^er clergy,
and placing in their imagmadoa theur
splendid establishments in dan^.
Hence the ridiculous cry of the
church beii% in danger was raised by
thent on every occasion, and they
would willingly have seen a Stuart on
thetJtfotie^ralrartfaaii rua the rid^

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Aitl^hn ft tX^ kbioriaU'aml'P^osopAical Quesiims\



^•^litcii they apprehended from the
restoration of political rights -to both
king and dissenters, in cases of reli-
gion. The people howev«r were too
sensible of Uie advantages gained by
the dimission of the Stuarts ; and the
exclusion of the tones, one of the first
occurrences in the period proposed hi
our question, was received ir in some
places with discontent, in general with
mariced afiprobatiotL
• The wbigs however were not men
veil calcinated to eii,}oy their triumph
with advantage to the kingdom.
Nothing would content them but the
absolnte depression of tlieir enemies,
and as they had now the game in their
own hands, they shewed no disposi-
tion for paciiic measures* Lord Ox-
ford^ the head of the to.y administra-
tion, was impeached and sent to the
tower. The crimes, aliedged to his
chaise^ were not easily to be substan-
4iat^, and it would have been mag-
nanimous both in tiie sovere^ and
his ~ ministry^ to have overlooked
them, even if they had been true.
But Gepfge the first does not seem to
have been formed for a great charac-
ter : h& joy in coming h'om so petty
a state to so neat a kmgdoei was ex-
oBs^ive, ana he looked upon ,the
whtgs, as those to whom he was m-
debted for this exaltation. An act of
ttnmesty would have done honour to
his nfime, and would have prevented
the next occurrence, which took place
in consequeiice of this disposition of
jiimself and party, a rebellion in Scot-
land, and an attempt to set the pre-
tender on the throne.

This rebellion proved the real
weakness of the pretender's cause.
What could he set forth as a claim to
this realm i He was tlie son of a de-
posed king, and therefore had a right
to the tftfone ! But are thrones then
like mere lumber to go from &ther to
son without any reference to the peo-
ple ? The legislature of the kmg-
dom had determined, that he should
not sit on the throne, and the great
body, of the people joined heartily in
approbation of the measure. Against
such a determination appeared a fugi-
tive prince, assisted by a few partisans
of his femily. They had reason in-
deed to be dissatisfied with tlie parti-
ality shewn by the new sovereign, to
ene .Action, but this was not a reason
for rising tip in anus against a decision



42%



of the legislature and the united voice
of the people. We may make some
allowance however for these rebels,
who were deluded by their prgudioes^
and thought, that tbev acted honestly
in supporting the rigntii of tlie pre-
tender, but of these the number was
small, and too many looked to the
makii^ of their own fortunes, if tliey
could bring back a sovereign, from
whomdiey might expect the same
partial Lty as Georse siiewed to the
whigs. The number of executions
tliat followed the suppression of this
rebellion, is a stain to tlie character of
the reigning king and his party : but^
when we look to the wli^pings and
tortures, that have iatdy taken place
ia Ireland, we cannot be very severe
in OUT remarks upon the conduct of
the whigs against rebels. It was Id^
for later times to introduce and eo^
courage the use of torture ki iusur-
rections.

Quest. IV. To what reflections dtf
the above occurrences give rise ?

When we reflect on the conduct off
George the iirst on ascending di»
throne> an anecdote of a king of
France forcibly^ strikes us. This Kin J
had been exceedinglv ill treated bf
the minrster of the aay, during the
reign of his predecessor, au4 on
mounting the throne was excited b^
his courtiers to take revung6 of his
former qperaie^. With true magna-
nimity he replied, the king of France
does not reni«(mber the injuries done
to tlie Duke of Orleans. Nothing
can be more ridiculous or more impo-
litic than for a king to throw hiinselT
wholly into the hands of one party>
even if it is formed on the best prin-
ciples. The kingdom rues to this
hour, and perhaps will for ever have
cause to rue this unfortunate mis-
take, for which however much may
be said in iavour of the sovereign,
who might think it not only a debt of
gratitude, but also the securest means
lor the happiness of the kingdom.
The whigs however betrayed the con-
fidence reposed in them : they grew
insolent aud thought only of securing
to themselves ana their families tlie
power, of which they were now in
possession. Hence tlieir lirst scheme
was to do jin act, which none of the
torii^s with all their dove for royal pre-
rogative would have done, the chaf-
ing of the old constitution of the king*



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4fi2 Answers io ike Historical and Pkih^^hieA^ ^9iHmg>

4om, and introducing septennial par«> sotis out of % hvmdned in ihm milfti

liamentii. llie naeasure tiowever has kingdom^ not celi^rate this nl«r
iK}t been so sui'ce^stlil lo the planners and not a iifth part of 'the ioha^itaDil

of this abo!i3iuab)e project, as they of the united kiQg}doi»beloQg tQ tbt

« ished : new men have sprung up, church oi Engbnd.

and in vain have the whigs or prerend-^ Tiie conduct of the whigs towtfdl

cdwhigs&etupaclaini to the coufi-. tiie tories, and executions oa the sn^

dencc ut tiic people. Tlie word is too pr&;sion of the rebellion, &b«HU4 kad

ab^m-d to be farther used : the only us to examine how our own miodf

distinction should be, whether a man are disposed with respect ta tUobc*

is tor short parliaments, the old who diifer from us in poUticai &eM-

constilution^ or long parliaments, tlie ments. It is impQ«Mbk« that all men

measure introduced by the whi^. should see the saoie tliinx exaetlj m

The true use to be made of these the same li^ht, and we ^oulci chci««

events is to set persons on ilieir guard tore make allowances for each otiktt^l

against any con tidciicc in men, on a real or supposed error.-*. There m %

«up])osed attachment to good prin* great differeuoe between naeil acting

cipies. The principles may be gotxl upon real« u{k>u misraken» or- upon

but the men faljie: and the coiiS- corrupted motives'. Whok^her^ at

iieuce preached up by I^rd Melville^ tins niomeut, thai wiU hesitate in tii9

and i)is bosom friend Mr. Pitt, points preference between citiaeu Hardy tho

out tlie necessity, in our politiail con- ftuppobed democrat* and liord. AleJ*

duct, of adhering to tne scripture viUe, the iuvei|^ier agaiiiat camip^

maxim, put not your trust m princes tion } The citizen openly ayowet)
nor your contidence in any H>n of hb principles, acted up to thena, ani

man. A.good prince and a gotxl mi-r endured a trial, which raited htm in

nisro: w ill not require thi^ confidence : tlie estimation of those, wW €onoetr«

eveiy action will speak for itself, but ed liia principles to he erroneeoi aatf

with a conHiding parliament it is not daogerova. It is ene ihilig lo eiMM

wonderful, tiiata mii:*ster should act ceiv^ the welfare of our <MHflitr^ie

Iike[.ord Melville. depend upon a ecfitaua set <]f<Beaaaie^

The CQiKiuct of the clergy upon the and another to i^raue <^ir own fn^

eccesoion of George tlie first ought to vate iiiiefeiit in every meaawe* UMfc
have opened the eyes of the people oi we propose,, even if it is iKar ^ C>^.

Iliis C4)untry, mid to Jiave led them to of tlie country. We .sliotMattsod W

embrace, with ardour, bis generous men assuredly; for witheotaws aA

priociples on the subject of re%ioii.. meamres can Ue prodeead : Wat ««

But the fear of popery and the pride are to look to tlie. aKasures anom

of belonging to an establishment, had tiiau to tlie meat or cite out owfi*

too sU-ong a hold upon tl)eir minds, deuce iu any one «»et of inea will be»

The king, however, ihoug;h he could tray us into vcrf 4>eniicioua ^efteolA

nut introduce religious ireedom, pma Thusthe toe greai ceoftdeace in the

stop to these rid)ci^ou» meetiogs, in whigs urtnoduc^ sepleMiai firiti^

w^hich religion was so much outraged ments and otlter vidians iineaaiiiei :

b^ tl7e d^Tg}' in their convoc<ition. the too great ceagdecxe iiiMr. HM

3 hat body has noNer since that time and Lord Meiviiie's aduuaiAratai^*

heen Denaodtted nor is likely tobcper- h9i» wet(^ed via down u^U^-^bhC «el

jnitted agnin to sitl in ^il ages. Mich ta^uaion ; and corrupttott is <iae«le

^neetingii oi the clefi^y have been in^ such an height, tha4 tlie wwmery «f

jurionstoteiigien, ajiidtolheinteresta what wa mtceaters did f«Mr«ksat4ke

of the sovereign aod people. The revolution seeni^ to refer ns to aaaie

abolition of the Teat Act was not so distant country, and tx> maa mimm

ec'tily aliected : an act prohtbiung at blood does qot flow in our ifnu.

that time tiie king to make use of Uie Que^t. V. Does.LoadeB.a/iMid ia

-«er\lce3ufa ^at body of his aub-» a rell<^ctki|$ ttWid^agreaiaraMimbvQi

jects, on the ridicnUms pretence^ that pH>of8 in lavottr of otviliaatien er -tte

they diduot eat bread aud drink wine want of it •?

iu buik'Uifirii with siccples over tiiem. The tinie ^S9»d . quicUy wilhAik

The Set at tkK tinie was inoonsibtent doUah. l^Msry day afcirteaaoaiD aew

VfUh common senee, how nuauh mm^ idea, and he waa voodc and «nare:pua«

«pisii^no«> =wh0& ttiaaV^ftiae 4)er. aM in the j«i4i^oeaC» whid^ ^



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Aim ^i t0 ilU iSstwkql and PFdlclsof^ucai Qnesiitmi, 421

' - liquid form <tf the extraordimrTy conformed oaly to an old provtert> erf
cenntry and extracrfdinarf people, hLs own country : Mijce ioia, io kal ^
tliat he had thus visited. The plontjr jena, sets neinla. Who goes from
that he saw around him of every arti- home, and brings nothing back, tra-
cie ^aeressary either f<v food or cJoath- vels onJy to shew a fool tor his pains^
ing, abo'v^ measure a^tpnisiied hitn» The surprise of Abdollah uas not lc5«,
and he could not conceive how liic when he heard ti>e estimation, m
land so little wanned hy the solar which the first man in this art wiii^
beams should be prolftic : at the same held, and tliat there were some thqu^
tioEi^ the varioas coatrivances ol' the saiids of men in the country, who had
inbflhitaots to ^lard a«amst ilie ini norhing to boast of but the possessioi^
ocm^-eniences of an inhospitable cli- c/fiix-Zir acres, and had not the hun-
mate, impressed him with a high no- dredih p.irt of th^ skill or intejiigeaoe
tion of their sagaoifty. Such iuconsis^ of this nian, would scarcely deigii to
ftencies, however^ continually came rccxMve such a man in their company.
across.him in his pursuits, tliat at the I'hc exclamation he made upon this
•DomerTt'wheiahe was raising them occasion must not be interpreted. We .
li igfa in the tcale of rational beings, ent err aiu too great a re;;ard for our /
they fell almost to a level with the pjuntty squires, tc? set tliera so muck
bnrte crcatitm. below the level of \<ratchinakers.

Am€»ig Uie things M-fcich particu- But, if watch-ma kios made such a*

feiiy struck him, was our ingenious impression on the mind of tlie Ai'ri*

ctJiHrrvanoe of measurin|f time by can, we may easily conceive his sur«-

clooks and wat<?ho«, as in his coimtry prisea t the manufacture of cewspas-

tliey liad employed no other met hovl pers. That e\*ery morning an account

iKdit ^le old onee by sand ;md water, .should be brought to each man's house

He was particularly anxious to inves-* of transactions ui all parts of the world^

tigitte ^he origin of this invention ; apponrent to him a mobt admirable

Witt, when he learned, that we bor- proc/fofthe powers of a human bo-

voHiveid it from a neighbouring nation, Jiig : and ht>r<f again he was natumlly

iie ti'ason the|H5int of quittmg En^- curious to know, who were the tirst

kwid for 'Germany, that he might con- discoverers nfiin art, cjipable of being

^nprse with a-more improved people. «o serviccai)ie to mankind. To Ger-

Vhe trouble erf learning a new lan^ many he was inx,m\ refeired, and he

|ptage,.Hiid the suggestion of his friend was a^ain mortilicd at having come

&e merchant, ,that he had bet fer to. sudi a country as England, instead

THflke-someferther enquiries, respect- of-goMii; to iliar,\vhere he conceived

ing tJie land of the inventors of the inhabitants must Ije so much

vatcVies, from natives of it, to whom more clvihsed and better inli'vaied.

'he slwuid be introduced, changed his The menluinr however endeavoured

iesdltition : but he sat himself in good to reconcile him to his situation, l>y

tamest to learn thin curious art, and -tejling jiini, tliatthou^^h we did ivk

<Wfl6 delighted with the idea of carry- seem to be very mnch trifled with the

«ig home to his own country one powersofinveution.yeiw-ehad thetiv-

^hmg at least, which would rq^ay leutofbriuging the inventions oiothev^

him for all ti^rtrouble of his journey, to a great .degree of i^ifection : and

Tliree'of his slaf>'e« were in conse- iiotwitlistanding the discouragenients

ijaence placed, at conijiderable pre- -which this art lalx>ured under, yet we

miums, with persons, who carri<jd on *vefeiiot interior in our nimufariiires

-^iHerent parts of the art, and an etiii- -to the oi-iginal inventors. 7 iie word

. Jient watchmaker atie»ided hina 'for discouogement led to a long dis-

■two bovtrs a day to instruct him in russion : the African could ii(>t be

levery^ thing, thatwuft necessary for a Jbrought to conceive, that any obsta-

■oemplefc tnmier of the biiiness. t?te«liould be throv/n ia-tbe wayof tO

1%is will appear ^reiy odd -tooorfee awihlcan art,and he rat ht?r expected

^^i^lemen, eur rich geotlenBen, and ipBemiwmsfor its promotion. Wiiat

cwr great noblemen. Tiut « man, *was his astoniahraeut then to Icarix,

•vhewidse mndi ^lawlth ^as Abdgl- rthat tlie proprietor of a newspaper

"teh, «boiild condeficcnd to team -a TOe-.-contrib\»ted to gm-ernraont more than

ebaahnlsirt^canj^etbefiiinitanNiRii thfae times, what he gained by -it ^

■epiniea ^-^lis ^mie^ ^-et ^ Mt^s lie 'that he inight indeed Jap^ ruined in ^

Digitized by VjOO^s



4M Answers to i&e Historical and Pkilosofihk(d Quesi99nr.\

^'^cnlklon,' though the .gbvernment anj thing of the oatare of the pilt||
'^a;» a» immense gainer, and Ihat he market, went to these apartmeou,
•wmiki not be at aJl considered as a where an el^ant supjper w^s pro-
•IjenefectoT to 'his countiy, though he vided, at which the siu)]ect of news-
had contributed a hundred thousand papers h^pened to. be the topic of
•ftonnds to its income^ and would <be fionversaticm ; and, as (he merchafit
•treated with contempt by some insig- wished their thoughts to be c&verted
«ificant placeman or courtier, who entirely from me great concerns
-perhaps aerives from his country two around them> at midnight he intro-
or three tliousand pounds a year for duced die company into the front
jio useful piupojte whatsoever. room, which was perfeitly dark ;

It was very difficult to make our and in a few minutes the window
'African comprehend the whole of curtains were drawn up, the -window
•this apparently to him very strange shutters thrown h^ck, and ihewmdcoEii
«ystem. Instead of taxing a news- opened, when Smiihfield appeared io
•paper, he thought the editor of one it« rising glory, and the CQufusion of
txigbt to have, besides the emolu- Knk boys, Qxen, sheepjdnvers/ oatbs»
"inents of the trade, a pension, as a be- Rowings, and bleatings assailed them
neiactor to his country ^ and he de- from every .qq^^rter.
^iared, that on going back to his own . The whole company was stoKJc ^



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