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on ins own genius* Heiice, whilst by the duke himself. When such was
Pontano is at some times an imitator of the character of the sovereign, we shall
Virgil, and at others of Hordpe, Cattil- not be sur])rised at Jthe number of leani«
}us, or Propcriius, .Holitiaao, M$ himseh ed men, wlio ffsquented his court, and
an original, and owns no subserviency who dignihed Ills reign by theacknow*
to any of the ^rrcat writers of antiquity ; Jedeed excellence of their productions/'
whom however he has shewn ^at he TheJivesof thetwoStrozzi ar^.tot
was capioble of imitating, had.he chosen noticed. Of thewritingscf Strozzi (em-
it, with great exactness. pQiitano jnay pU)>'ed *on several important missionti
therefore be allowed to take the prece* as ambassadors) Mr. xl. says, th^ are
Aehcc of Politianc), with respect io the distinguished by their, simplictty and
grace »nd facility of his verse, without purity of diction,, ratlier than by their
detraeting from the intrinsic merits of strength of sentiment, or^ Oiiergr of
that sound schoKir and very extraordi- style. Ercple Strozzi, the' 9on of tha
narvman." . * former, statids yethigher in the atiaais

We artf next presented, \i4th the of literature. Eminently skilled In
chai^acter bf Giaco|K> Sapzzaro^ and the Greek and Latin langiu^s^ he
an esthnate of the miportance of his had not neglected the cnltivatioo of
literary labours. Some account of his own, in which he wrote m^ dis-
the otter mem1)er9who composed the tinguished elegance. He was a^sns*
literary institution of Naples is given> sinated in the year 1506, by a noble^
of whom Mr. lU observe^, lOan who had uasuccesi^ly |>aid ' his

"That«of the numerous catalogue, addresses to the Uiy whom £rc6le
these is iscarcely dm individual who has ' had married. The name ^iBoiardo*
tiQt, by the lahours of the sword or the who died in 449f4 next ooa»Q. He
iK-n, ttititled himself to the notice of the is ' principally distinguished ^or his
biogcaplieri and the approbatloti of epic romance of OrMAifojtefiafitor«/o,
posterity." ctf which Ariosto^s poern^ not -only

Of Ferrara (scarcely less inferior io an iqtitation but a continuation. Of
literary eminence than Naples or this worfc Mn H. informs us, he did
Plorenoe) during many generations liQt4iveito c'omplete the third book ;
fbe tkmiiy ol"£sie had held the sove* npr isit probable that any of it had the
reignt}', and particularly in tlie I5th advantage of his last corrections $ yet
ireutury had displayed aii invaciahle it is justlV r^rded as exhibiting, upcx)
attention to the caose tei dettera, re- the whole, a.^-armth of imagination^
^rding their professors with a muni- and a vivacitv of colourings Which
lioenee, that attracted them from all render it highly interesting > nor is it
parts of Italy, and rendered this place perhaps wiuiout reason^ ttntt the sim«
a flourishmg tlieatre of science and of plidtv of the original has occasioned
arts. At the close of the century it to be preferred to the same worka^
ferrara, with its dependent states of as altered or reformed by Francesco
ModbnaandRiggio, were under the Bern!, who has carried the marvel*
goven^ment of ISooIe I. the suedes- lous to such an extreme as to deprivo
^oTof fiorso, whom the ^our of the his narrative of all pretensions to even
(topalace had preferred to his nephew poetic probabilitv ^ aid by his niam«
Hiejled'Esle^the sonofttc c^k- fcU attempts tg fee always jocobr, hw

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Rdher^fi PoeSns^

often dcitwyed the effecta of his jo-
cularity. Sorae additional paj-ticulars
ere added of this esteemed writer, and
die lite of Ario&to ft>llo\Vs-r-

**" Who was destined to biitld his im-
tnoVtal work upon the foundatipa laid
)>y Boiaido.'*

At this period (1492) he was only
1 8 years at Bgi^, but he had eiUiibited
that strong inclination to the cultiva-
tion of literature, and particularly of
poetiy. Which distingmshed hint fo
the close of his dajs.

" Th^ city of l^errara may," says
Mr. R. *• be considered as the cradle
of modem epic poetry ; for besides the
two celebrated authors before menti-
OBed, thai; place might at this time )iaye
Isoasted of a third, whose writings not
Only obtained for him, during his life; '^
great share of celebrity, but have affortK
fed passages which have since beeniltni^
lated by the immortal Tasso."

Of their author Francesco Cieco,
very few particulars are known. \Hji
fcpic poem was entitled MambriahO,
tad relates the 'adventures of a lung
tef Asia, whose name forms the title
t>f the worfc: itextend^ to 45 cantos.
. '. Nicolo liClis Cosmico enjoj^ed, 4t
this period, a high share" of literary
reputation, biit few persons have how-
ever so eflectualiy lost that reputia*ti(3ii|
in the estimation of posterity. An ac-
count i$ thai given of Guidubaldo da
Monte|5eltri, duke of Urbino, and of
Francesco Gonzaga, marquis of
Maotua ; to these is added tl)e name
ctfBattista Mantuano (t)ne of thoste
Wiiters who- have the good fbrturie to
obtain tor a long time A feputatibn
Superior to their merits), which con-
cludes the stateof literature'flt Farrara.
* •* The tTanquillity, says Mr.R. which
liad n<5w for some years reigned in It&ly,
Kad 'Intrcxldced ifeto thai country an
^bundtfnce, a luxaiy and a refmement
almost unexampled in the annals of
Inankind. Instead of contending for
donilnioii and poV^er, the *sofereigns
ind hditiVe princes of that happy region,
Atteuipted to rival each othen m taste,
in splendoar, ^nd in cltfgant accbm-
^ishraents ; and it' was considered as
es'seniSal tO their grandeur, to cive their
househtjld establishments a literary cha-
fectrr. . • Iffenco their jilaces becariie a
Icini^ «rf p*^ilite Rcndemy, in which the
ftolIUty of both sexes found a constant
*xerci^e fur their inteUectiial tal«it<? j
tnd ooti;-<T^ rank -aud beaiit^-, did not

Infntflte to associate with ti^, ^k^A
learning and with wit. In this respeet
the court of Milan was eminently difrr

An account of the distinguished
characters at this court then follows^
one of whom was the immortal 'Lm'
nardo de Vinici. The 2nd chapter
is concluded with an account of

** A person, whose incalculable ser-
vices in the cause of sound learning,
obtrude themselves upon our notice at
e^'ery step; and th|e productions of
whose skdl are at every moment in the
hands of the historian of this period.
This can only be ireferred to the emi-
nent printer, ^ido Manu'zipy to whom
the world is indebted not only for the
works of many of the ancient authois,
which he either first discoverejl or first
pnbiished in a correct form, but for
those of many of his contemporaries,
which wrd)out his unparallclca indas^
try would not have been preserved to
thepresent day.'*

Tne remaining phapters of this
voliune are ^ devoted to tBe politicat
events of Italy, from 1492 to 1503.
\To he cmHnued.'}

Art. 5Lr. Poems, by Boberha,. f s.

H. Bber9.

One of the objects of just arid im-
partial criticism, is to endeavour to
Impress that influx of silly produc-
tions, with which the press tmfortu-
pately teems. We should have
thought that the additional taxation
^hicn is laid, to tbt J>resent enor-
mous ainount, ujJon paper, would
have considerable influence, but if
^oes but a little \<^ay to stop thewlj
and the pleasure or seeing one's self
in print is paramount to every odier
consideration. The effiisions before
ns, are, as the author observes in hit
preface, " the first efforts of a voung
man,*'* and as such are entitled to
lenity, but sincerely with the hopei
that lie will not trouole the jpOblic any
niord, with his juvenile efforts ; and
it is With the deepest rOT«t that w^
cannot nftbrd the " smue of appro-
bation fo give new charms to his re^
t irement." In his translatiorv of Ana-
creon, he' has, as he himself ac^ow-
ledges, taktfn considerable liberties; iri
some he is perfectly indecent. W^
^ish, that this young man would
distinguish betweei* liceadoianew,
an4 indecency. He has ckosetrm

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Bxifttctsfirtm Foreign Journatt' 437

I Msotli^'poeifis, apenanoftbeoftme For in splendor they vie ^ith the -

I p{ " Charlotte Augusta/* whom lie sun's brightest rsiy ;

i ber3nnes on every occasion^ with aU But their splendor, compar'd to those

I the importunit)r of Swift tpStellaj but meteors of thine,
' without aqy of his Hfe or hutuoiir. ' Is dim ; and tlieir glories M>on vanish

That we may. not seem to be over away I

harsh, we shall transcribe one or two _ . , ,

pf his poetical efforts to celebrate that ^. ^^ is not every man who bcspotterg

* rura^ of hb idolatry. his wife in this way. ^

Instructions tb a Painter when he The following are of a very diffbi;-

• drew Charlotte Augusta's picture : ^^\ naiwre ;

first ffaU niafy traceherheamiiM ntnt', Anacreon, Ode6.
And then mark the lustre that beams

• from her exe ; As ble I twin'd some garlands sweety

Next those cheeks whicli resemble the Amid a woody, cool retreat,

bloom of the rose, Venus' truant child I found.

And that sweet little mouth which Slumb'rioff on the rosy ground,

you cannot outvie. I chain*d the little vagrant's hands,

*nien with faithfulness paint her de^r I chain'd tfeem with the floweiy bands,

, bosom of snow ; And then, with haistc and eager joy.

And those ringlets of hair which so I ^^ ^* unwary, captive boy

cardessly flow ; To luddy Bacchus' captive slirine,

And hstW that form, which e'en envy And plong'd him in a tub of wine,

must say, ^«^ • ^^ quench my thirsty soul,

Is entitled to carry the laurel away. I ^^^*^> an<l cmpti'd too> the bowl.

Ilie first line of this eKquisite pro. ffiiS^/r^^^^^^^^ '

.ducaon IS mimitable. U^j^^^y y^^^h I for oh ! my hieM,

Impromptu on Charlotte Augusta* Since then has known ncr peace, nor

The vivid lustre of her azure eyes, _, ^^> , .

Is it not brighter ihanthe/^flr/jK main? Sleep shuns my couch, love scorns n^

So many beauties in those orbits lie, signs^

That ok! I cannot, dare not look again! "^PV?^I^2 ^^ "^^ ^^ ™®'^' *****

A^in — On Charlotte Augusta. ^

The planets of Heaven are reakon^d '
dhrine, ^


DBSCRiPTHTB SKETCH OF co»N- to offend the eye, and to menace the

ffAOKtr. pergonal safety of the passengers. Fpr

{CimctmUd^frmn pa^e 25A ^our Magatmt two or three years past, a weekly iout-

'for March Jkst.*) nal has been publisiied here, called the

Tim pavement of the streets is ex- * ^ "end of the Police'— this may serve

ccllent, and kept in thorough repair 5 » a model to aU the great ciUes of tu-

Almost every Where we meet >vit(i com- '^PJ* -n 1-

Vnodious flagging or side paths for foot- Copenhagen had to boast, till the

passcngprs; the names of the streets are year 17^, of one of the finest chateaihc

written legibly at every comer; the lat- «! Europe: it v^ms, ^rhaps, ttext to

ter, however, are not well lighted j the 9^"^' ^^« "<^^^5* ^ **>« "^<«t mag.

numbers of all the houses are promi- ^'^"^^^ ^^ "l^ the palaces coftstrocted

Wtly marked; and there are few signs "J more modem times This edifice,

^ the miposmg mass of which had already

« * -■ ' — braved the storms of half a century, be-

» 'ru* .' f u 1. J' .1. came the prevof a conflaiEration, which

^ * This article would have appeared in the j^,»^,,^^ \^ ■*„ « •.:*«u J?^u* i*. «.*

Ut half-yearly series of the Universal Ma- <*e?troyed it m a Siftgic mght. Its vast

^azbc; tut the cveati of the war having ^»"? *« still visited much, as sttangttTs

mtcmipted the usual conrsc of the mails, tejiaiT to adiiiire those of the Cohsoeum

We have not bem able to receive regularly of Rome ; valuable and consecrated re-

Hhe foreign journali from Hamburgh, as lies in the eyes of the artist, and even

t«ftftriy. i . ' . of the philosopher, who there coiHett«

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^38 ^iracis from Fq^^i Jnwrhals.

3)Iates the nullitv of hunum grandeur new houses better bniSf — and tn tWit
and labours. The vast hull of the quarters bamt down wMie ths Wato
knights, <ine of tho«e that the chateau handsome^ the 4Mup4iMt of chtfiei^is
contained, was astonishingly luagniti* .so much tbe better for it, that it xnam
cent': taste and the arts were ex^anued exhibits such a tatd entemtie, as is n«
in its decorations. where else perhaps to be found. Re-

If the rich and great man of Denn^k gulations were laid down at the xttf
regrets the destruction of the only mo- £rsA,JMuth.re6})ectto tlieiiew baildih(B!^
uument which Jiie might advantageoifsly which not only insiue Abek MifeCyaal
compare with those of other countries, eonveiuefic<»» out winflli» sfoieom,
and which, perhaps, will never be r^- contribate to their iestabluhittam. k
established in its autient splendour, the is a sort of a new phoenix, ifilnch h^
mere citizen and man of the people de- just arisen more bewitiful and fl^oic
pi#res, still jHore bitterly, the tehit^e brilliant from its ashes.
coniltisrutioa Mrhlch broke out on the . Q9 the joad to CopeahJastfiy -in- »
^th ot June, 179^9 ^"^ which conti- proaching it (com Hanibixign, t^tb oi-
nued to ra^ till the 7th, in despite of jects peiBcipallv merit the attentio* d
all th^ ciFoDis of art, courage, and zead> the voyager : tne £m is the baiMlbOiiie
,16 surmount it. . Jittlc town of ChrtstMofetf, situated bo*

la all gieat disestocs, there isa certain, tween Haderslebea arid Coldingen ; .it
fatal ihflitenco, which often escapes the uz^s. built bvMhe Aloraiiaa bietlMD, and
iiotige of the. keenest observers,, and is filled wkli mamiiactttfetyt'the'iecdad
whiph, nevertl^ess,' independently of are xhe mausolea of the kiBgr:«f i3Mi^
the universal con8ter4iatioxi which they mark, at lloschild, distant a poatr ^
))rodUce, is one of the principal officieat about eight leagues from the^ captttL
causes. of the same. Without the ap- These are reli(]uesof antient gratfedcifr.
plication of 4.hese principles, it would Theexpencesoftheking^shofnsdiol^t
be scarcely conceivable that the ,mea- which had risen to 200*000 rix dallan»
• fiurcs taken. to. e^ttjnguish the above fire, or one mtlHon of iivres^ per anmin, aie
till then so efficacious, were not able to now reduced almost -one half :. and ibos
•arrest the progr(;8s of the flames. many of the jirindpal places or offices

llic Are of ihe cliateau was discovered have been vacant for a number pf years.
in theJU\h .stPCy^i it soon reached tKe Those of the household of the Pkrince
granaries, where was .a larj^e <|aantity Royal are by (af much fewer in number.
<ji' timber posU, planks, &c. of very dry The chapel^ the music whereof is es-
wood, intended to ser\'e for tlie purpose .ccllent,.has aa establishmeoi compa^
of some adjacent repairs : this it was of near fifty individuab. There are more
that served as aliment or fuel to- the than 200 horses in the ro^siables^
flames, and to spread them every where . Tbe garrison is focoMll <tf ax'fltti*
.-vrith rapidity. mentB.of infaotiy, of the foot- ^Bmfkt

'ilie great conDa^ation which took oi the liorse guards, of a corps of artil*
place in the a,r5enai of the raariDe, about 4ery, af tvaa Mtalions of iiglitiiAiltrft
a year after . that of the chateau, hurst of a corps of niarii]ies,andofaii{iii|clr(Mi
•out in the midst of combustible mate- oX hussars* which gives a total of moie
rial«, >uch.a^wood, coals, pitch, rosin, Oian 10,tXX) men, when the corps aie
cordaoe, &c. A pretty strong .wind complete. To which may be joined',
carried ^hese iuflateed nataierials upon the burghers miUtia,* tbe eommaoderi
the roof:) of ,thc houses already set on of whi(£ are chosen bj the king* a^
fire by t^ic heat of the sua^ and acou- the colonels and captama' tabs lank
mulated tKem chiefly on the steeple of .among the officersiof uncanny. ' *-
St. Nipbolas, tlte.fafl of whioh set five . llie fortress of Frederickstadt, ^aj^
to orte whole, ^quarter of the city, by ported on tbe othev.aifle by thebatlei^es
overwhelmifig it with its ruina— aootlier of the arsenal^ defeoia'tbe enChiBce ctf
proof of the-d^mger and inconveiuiBa<VS -the port,^ where, hoiae«R| theito is aoo- .
that attend gothii^.towers ! Thus. was titer battery, as likewise a certain num-
reduced^to ashes about the fourth part ber of flattbh armed vessels to protect
of the chy, amounMog to ^3 houses l it. Foreigners are not allowed to enter

Biit as there good fortune with- into the two marine arsenals, without

out some alloy, so there b no jDvil with- a particular permission from the king;

4^ut some attendant reimbursement. The nor are the inhabitants^ ihemselv^ a4-

.tt»jw sire*;is ate in.geDcrjJ wid«-»^liie miitcd-ivitbtul leave from the govcnwfc'

Digitized by


ExfracisfrmtP Foreign 'Journah,


Ttt amiuds m situated in two difie^
«»t places i and according to the- report
( fonsigners vrho have seen them, they
K Very superb. M. Raaidiihr, in his
P«ur through Germany, &c. speaks
bus of thedi : *• We moet with a num-
itr of vast edifices, placed between ves-
6b that sue constructing, magazines,
;raaes, bridges, batteries, and vessels fi-
lishsd. An inunense number of work-
nea throw life and activity over the
Mens. There are reckoned about 1 600
earpeoleiB and joiners only. I was
roitdncted into a building, where they
were n»ldng the draught or mode of a
ship. Hms length and the width of
this building are of the dimensions of a
sbtp of the tone, or rather exceed it ; and
iitnen being nothmg to imiiede the view,
as when on boald a ship, the eye is
struck with the grandeur of the space.
And hntly/' sap the same vopger, aher
kirilig described the maguificeih aspect
of tbe potty and of its passage into the
canalsyon qottting the arset>als and nia-
gWQn» ** if any one would wish to
ippicciate the cjuantum of human force,
and of the getuus of man, let them re-
pair to Cooenhagen, and trafveise its
arsenals and its Immmis/*

The sailors have their particular ca*
ferns: these are small houses, one or
two stories high, forming several streets
neat the port. They contain about 6000
mariners, including their families, and
some officers that are specially empow-
end to preserve -peace and order. The
Mllors are well paid, and receive their
principal firovisiofts in kind ; whilst the
loldjf r&.ieeeive only (including the prioe
of iwead) six sous a day, Frencti money,
tntl tfai^ grsoadicn six sous and a liard.
The ^poiatment of a commodore
tmouQU to 1848 rix dollars ;'a colonel
has onlyl 740. The lieutenanl ik second
of the navy> has 102 rix.dolla^s, and a
KcQtenant of die hind aniiy 13d;

The Danlsn Minerva, a periodical
journal, furnishes u^with an bbserx^a-
tioQ, that appeals to be founded on the
most exact truth. •« It is, says the au-
thor, <« an acknowteted hct, or at least
^y to be proved^ t&t no nation has
provkled with mpie interesting regard
«n<l success fbr the health and the sa-
J^tV of the provisions than Durs.
The En^ish alone furnish theirs with
provttions. as ivhoiesome, and in as
9^t a|)u;uhnce; but no people has
nuMestciefly taken in cliar^ the ni^in-,
*?>«aot of otdcrj cleanliness, and atat4

nessjtbsn the Danes, 'llie same may
be said with respect to the arrangcmciiu-
taken for the sick and wdunded. No
where is there ccpia! cars taken to- give
them proper clotning, and to furnish it
at a reasonable price. The sailors arb
not treiited like prisoners, nor suffered
to touch on land. The number of
deaths which have taken place on board
our vessels, during the last nine years,
sufficiently testify in favour of the' truly
excellent management that prevails on
board our ships."

Copenhagen has a university, very
considerable and richlv endowed ; bxit .
it is an antient establishment, which,
notwithstanding a number of useful *
reforms and changes which hare taken •
place, retains too strong a tincture of
the estaUishment and of the time
wherein it was instituted. It is com- '
)>Ofted of twenty-eight professors, viz.
four of theology, fi\-e of jurisprudence,
five of medicine and chirurgery: the
others are professors of plvilosophy, in
the vague acceptation of the term ; for
theife is only one who gives a course of
piiilosophvt properly so palled, whilst
another gives a complete course of the
belles letties, in French^ All the
sciences are treated of heie, with the
exception, perhaps, of one or two ; and
all the professors have distinguished
themselves by learned works : some of
them enjoy a reputation which is spread
throughout Europe. There are about
700 students ; and, in general, . it may
be safely asserted, that the pupils of this
university afe well instructed : they un-
der]^ rigorous examinations on diiferent :
subjects, that are too much neglected
even in Ccrmaify, such as the mathe-
matics, astronomy, the learned Ian-
gua^s, &c.

There are diffefent establtshmcnt»«
where a considerable number of^stuy
dents am lodged gratH, and where they
receive, like other bursers, a small pcnr
slon, to aid them in the pursuit of their
studies. On their arrival at the unlvcr- ''
sity, the scholars have the benefit vf a
small peeufrum, ^hich has been ptesen'cd
(br diem in the-sthool, for^e fihiDhing'
of th^ir studies. T1m% is the product of
antient legacies; and theie are son^e
others, the objecn of wMich rsto supplj "
such students as have passed the jeqiu-
site exammationst with the means of
further tmprOvetAent, by voyages and
residence in foreign universities. This

is li)ce\vi9e,'pQ^^*^V' ^^ ^^ ^^ ^^

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440 TH$ Zhmia.

umreuitks of GermAily, the 0tod«nts - son, u iodepeadent x>t iht
of which, in their last y«ar» mostly re« The veterinary school enjoys a foy
{Xkir to London or Paris, and even 'fur- hi^ reputation; but it has not yetbcca
ther: seldom do they turn their steps extendM» as in Austria, and in SaxoiiT,
towards Sweden pr Kussia, and o«ver taali farriers apprentices indiscriaunate'
visit Norway. ly. It has been judg^ sufficient lo

The Ubnuy of the university is very oblige every diocese to send a p^pi
voluminous; and vet is not considerecl there : there are geaeially forty scbayn
as of any great utility : the number of there.

new wDrks is but small, and many of The principal litetaiy sodeties aie^
the antieat ones 'are not complete. It the Academy of Sciences; thesooey
seems V> haye been adopted for a prin- which has for its object the study of his*
ciple, and perhaps it is not ill founded, tory, and of the Northern langua^; the
that a librarv, as complete as that of the Aouiemyof Belles Lettras ; the Sqob^
kxHg^ is sufficient for such a city as that of Iiund£oonomy ; theBoyalSMMtyot
of Copenhagen 3 but there is one very medicine; the Genealogic^hflial^cSo-
valuable article there, viz. a collection ciety, which publishes an histoikal.ab-
4)f Icelandic MSB. many of which have stract relative to noble fiunilics, with
been already made public. the engcavings-of their anna ; the Socict]f

The botanical garden contains abput of Icdandlc Literature, the object df
7000 plants from all parts of the elobe; which is to diffiise information, sod,
it. is open every day to such as cnltivate above all, on the subject of ecooQaiipi,
this scieiice ; plants are even distributed, among the Icelanders, by publisliios
several times in the week, to students their memoirs in their own lanauttje;
that wish to form herbaries. the Society of Natural History ; ttie So-

The cabinet of natural history it very ciety of Scandinavian literature, est»-
extensive, and has a great number 01 blisbed to combine the literati of Dca-
rare and valuable articles in it: the col- mark» of Sweden, and of Nonsaj, hf
lection of serpents, in particular, is very publishing, altemately« the restiit of
considerable. Many ot the insects have their labours ; and, lastly, the New So-
been brought by the society of Arabian cte^ of Literature. All these leuott)
voyagers, Niebtthr,&c. liie collection bodies publish works, propose prisei,
of minerals contains almost all the aud, proceeding with Zealand conatuicr
known species, and some others which to eiiect their difierent objects, do aot
have not yet been described ; the whole cease to contribute towards the ag^e-
arranged according^ to the system of gate mass of knowledge, and have al-
Werner. Tliis cabinet is open once a ready efficaciously •penled to raise to s
wee^k to the public. state of splendour, a smalt coutitrr, toy

The university has, likewise, a labo- little favoured by nature^ and which fiat

Online LibraryUnited States. Supreme CourtThe Universal magazine, Volume 4 → online text (page 79 of 108)