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of Lord Aukland. which have been kt
.warded with a title and a pepsion of tyrv
tliousand three .hundred a year* dimi^
his own llic, and of 4ve hundRd/ar hi§
>vife durins her Ufcf \\'hat4ie theaer^'
.vices of Mi. Sacgan^ a person vboop
die reader perhaps tieverhcanfof, whi/ek
haxe been rewarded with« pension ^f
six huhdred anfl sixteen poundayear«
during the life oi* his wife and himself
or the survivor of either? A



mbccd with the laurels,- and the dark-
ness of manvjitrcets was a, proper con-
trast on this occasion to the brilliancy
of others. In many towns, the bells

Tvere rung in . tlie day t^e for the vie- ^ ^ , ,

tory, and when the night came on, the husbands of the daughters, who come
89me bclU mufHcd, gave a dumb peal into possession of tlie estate, taking tlis|t
io cimress tlie unfeigned sentiments of name; tluut^veiy sailor, on going dowa
(tut pucc.^ The body of Lord Nelson the Thames, nwiy poinlto the 11109a*



Is in the Victory ^ every funereal ho-
nour will be naiq to his remains, and ^
splendid momumcnt wil^ declare his at-
chrevemcnts.

The affection of the English nation
to Lord Tselsoh cannot be doubted^



ment of his vicuirics^ aitd cxukipgl^
exclaim, this islherewa»dx)f .gloriooi
actions !

I'hc victoxy of Lord Ndson was fot*
lowed hy another, by Sir R. Stiachaa^
u'ho met with and took fourahi^^'



>iit in it si^mcientf thm tbi» should he ihc hoc;, which iiu^ad of being .w$^

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State Papers.



iS7



belonging to th« Rochfort squadron, as
he expected, he found to be part of the
remains from the action off Trefaleir,
so that the combined fleets, that sailed
from Cadiz» twtoty-three ships of the
line either fell into our hands or were
destroyed by us. Collingwood, who
succeeded Nelson in the command of
the fleet, has been made a baron of
the united kingdom, and the dignity of
earl is cojiferned on Dr. Nelson, the
brother and heir of the noble hero.

Daring these great events, the inacti-
vity of our army has occasioned no
small surprise. With the command of
the seas, and a regular army between one
and two hundred thousand men, it was
expected, that iinmediately upon Bona-
parte*6 withdrawing bis amiy from Bou-
logne, one from our shores would have'
Janded on his coasts, created a consi-
derable di%'er8ion, and destroyed his boats.
But other dioughts engaged the atten-
tion of this side of the water ; and at
this moment expectation is alive for the
lesult of Sir Sidney Smith's attempt
against the harbour of Boulogne. The
plan in theory for the destruction of the
boats is excellent : it remains for expe-
rience to determine its efficacy in prac-
tice. By means of infernal macnines
and sky rockets, the art of war will be
so improved, that a three decker will be
of no more use than a cock boat, and
a fortified town will serve only to coop
u^ soldiers for destruction, 'fhe grand
expedition for the Continent occasions
much conversation : the Duke of York
is said to be the intended commander
in chief; on this subject there is only



one opinion throughout the united king-
dom.

An important state paper has appear-
ed on the subject of blockaded ports,
which allows a greater freedom of com-
merce than usual, and the Americans
are availing themselves of^it. This^
with the relaxation of some judicial 'de-
crees on the condemnation of prizes,
will have a tendency to restore the har-
mony that has been in some degree in-
terrupted between us arid Atn^rica.

London has received its new Lord
Mayor, who, tlie papers tell us, is tho
first Scotchman that nas arrived to this
dignity. England cannot boast of the
administration of Lord Bute, the first
Scotchman that became prime minister
of this country, still less of Lord Mel-
ville, who held the reins for so long a
time with his intimate friend, Mr. Pitt.
The chancery does not pride itself on a.
Wedderburne, the first Scotch Lord'
Chancellor. We shall hope, that th»
Shaw mayoralty will - cover over the
actions of the sheriff at Brentford, and
entitle the Lord Mayor to those thank &
which were denied to him on the expi-
ration of his shrievalty. London is tlie
capital of the united kingdom, and its
dignities ought to be open equally to
the inhabitants of every county, tvhe*
ther in this^or the neighbouring island ;
but, as long as the representation of
Scotland remains in its present state,
we cannot feel any satisfaction in be-
holding a native of that part of the conn-
try, in possession of civic hpnours in
the soutn.



Extracts fr<ytn the Offitial Accounts of the prese^ War.

ANSPACH, September, 7.4. — Pursuant with the Bavarian army analhe corps undVf
to the orders of his Prussian Majesty, Marshal' Bemadotte. The corp> iindei* Mar-
in quality of Prince of A]ispach,'tlic Magi^- shal Davoust passed the Rhine on the 26tfar
trates of all the places in tnis' country, diat at Manheim, and marched by Heidclburgh



border on Suabia, have publi>hcd a procla<
mation on the subject of maintaining the
most perfect neutrality in the war.

riRST BULLKTIV Ot THE FRENCH ARMT.
(From tbe J\ifonJteur.)



and Necker £IIz, on the Nccker. The co^^
under Mar.^hal Soult passed the Rhme on
the same day, on the bridge that was thrown
over h at Spirfs* atad advanced towards
Heilbrono. Marthsl- Ney Vdivision passed



The Emperor left Paris on the a 4 th. and the Rhine the same day by the Qylng bridge

arrived at Strasburg on the;i6th. Marshal opposite Durlech, . and marched towards

Bemadotte, who, at the mometlt that the Stutgard. The corps under Marshal Lannes

army set out from Boulogne, advanced from passed the Rhine, the ajth, at Kehl, and

Hanover towards Gottingen, marched by advanced towards Louisburgh. Prince Mur<*

Frankfort forWurtzburgh, where he arrived at, with the cavalry of reserve, paised the

00 the 23d of September. General Mar- Rhine at the same place, and on the same

fliont , who had arrived at Mentz, passed the day, and remained for several days in potitioil

Rhine by the bridge of Cassel> and advanced before the defiles of the Bbck Forest, His

to Wurtzburgb. whcreb^fonnedaiunctioB patroles, which often shewed themselves t#

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45H iStat^ Paperf.

tftc enemy's j^ttfotes TrtAiCerftflflft W bdieve fnjr b tlie fttPr'rf thc^e diVWofls df ewtlrf,

that it was our inteotioD to penetrate by iftcfle tmved with the d lwiiftl of Oudinoc, ind,

^lei. Th« {FToAt ptcrk o^ artillery ^sed after an eagaj^emeiit of two htamn^ thewhok

tite l^Hinbit lC«Mv om tl^ jO«h S^tesmbdr, 4ivirion, iCandard^, tamiOn, baflMe, iAp

aind'ad^Mikicodt^HV^fcfe^iieUbrdnB. irhelow eeri, and seUI«rs» wa« taken. Tliineweti

-Mt&t fa«'«B(d the Klnne on cbe t«: inst. at there tweWe battalions of grqsadier^ wb«

j^eUy slepe at SttiingaB tltf satne evepinf » had marched in great haste from the Tyr4

,mA Hcok^t^ there me Ekctor and I>f luces* to the assist anre of the army of Bavana. Afi

^ Bn<an» and wont to lA>uisbargh, to the the details of this affair, which was trulf

iloQf or of Wurtemb»rgh» in whose p»lace he brilliant, cannot be Icnoifti until to-morrow.

^ook up hit abode. On die od inst. the divi- Marshal Soait irtanohr^ad with his 4fivi<'

aions ^ Martihal Bernadotte, General Mar- ^<sii ai! the 7di and Sch, on the left bank of

mon^ and the BaVUrisa)^ tvhotrere at Wnrtz* the DMube, t6 int^recpc Ike pafc8ag«« (ttiA

Ihnrg, formed a jonction, and bmn their Ulni, and to obneriM the coips of tke Am*

ihaYch for the Danube. 11m coTpi of Marjita) frian arnir, which apj^ears ml ooftcdMntBi

Dvtottsft mtfrch«d frdiA ^K^edUr-EIt^, hy the kr that place.

A>«tofM«Qki#uihlvliip)fiagaii,ChreiMoimf Marsbil Davontt** cof^ arrived wth^

X>aiik(^slAibi,PremUtfigentOc(»iii^en«ihr' Ith only at NeuUur|r.

Wch, aad Doa<i»r«rt£ The carps of Mar- General Marmoat's cbrp» has also arrifcd

fitaf Soidt marched from Hdlbroniiy and there,.

^llowtfd the routjC of Odiringcn, HalLGaikl- . General Bcmadottc's corps; and th^ Bi-

roff, Abslgmund, Aalcn, and KordlJn^cn. ♦arians, arrived on flic roth at Aichstett;

The corps of Afarshal Ncy marched from " ^bhJ Bulletin of the Frenth Arf^. Z»^

stutgardy followifig the route of Brslihgca, mtrilauKn^ Oct, JO.— J" Marshal Sonft pnr»

^opping^en,Weisscnstein|H<:ydenheim,mtt- sued the Ausfrian divbioii, whicK hod tabi

Jlcim, and i<6rdl?nj:cn. The corps of Mar- wfugc at Aicha, drove it from thenct, a^

^iLanrfes adranci^ from Louisbu^h) vak-' on tho 9tk at noon entered An;Mnirg;k» with

iiX iht- FOdd from G ro»- Beufekpach to Plt»- the divui)E>Ba of Vandmaie, St. IClur^ md

wlMiu8eA,OtiiiunA,Aaksi»an<lNoiiU!ngcs« Legrand^

- SeioMd BuUettM of the Fttnth Ar»n, (kL%, <*Ond&e9thiStlie eycmng. Marshal

4*^n the 6th of Gibber thtf second divitioQ t>avottsc, who crossed the^ i>aDube at Neu-

#f GenqraV Souk's <orp« of the if my, under burgh, atrivedat Aicha with Ejs three £n-

ll^ command of Qenfral Vandainme, stop* sious.

yed onlj; two hdurs at >^or<ungen, and con- " GenefaF Marninnt, ^th the dxvi^r

tiauing its march arrived at eight in the of BoudcC, GroUchy, and the Bataviaft^^-

Evening a< Bonawerf, and fobk possession sion of General Dumoncean, fMsred the Da*

<)f the bridjre; which vras defended by the mibe aiid tdok a positko b^tweeb AithaanA

regiment of CdUoredd; Some men trert kfl- Au^ufgh.

€iy and some Were ihade prisoners* ^ In fine, the trinj nndor MarsM Bcr«

On tk^ 7fh, at dtfy hx%ak, Frince Murat' nadocte, together with the Bavarian vtitf

«riifOd wkb hii dragoons. Thehridf^waf commanded byGcneralsDeroc and Verdesr

by that time re-esubH&hed> and th$ Frince, U>ok their position at Ingolstadt. The Inv*

with the division of troops comoiandcd by perial ^uard^ commanded by G«neraIBessi«

General Wartcr, proceeded lo the Lech, and cres^^ocecdcd to Angsbtirg ; as fikewise the

ordered Colqnel Wattor to pa$s at the head division of cuirasnets, under the comman d

of )CO dtagoouii of the 4th regiment.-— AArer of Genotaf Hautpoidt. '

» Tory brjlUant ehai^ge he took possession of ** Prince Mui-at^ wkh the divisions, of

tlw bridge oHivc Lech and drove back' the BCIcb and Beuunlont, and the division of ckr-

^«my, whoWero double his force« The abinecrs and cuiras^ert nnd*^ General I*fen-

ianie,«^ht Prince Murat slept at kain. On souti, hastened with all speed to the viD^

IIm ith, MaHhafSoult iu:o;;ceded with tEe of Zumershausen, in order to inffcrteptuft

two difjfioiu, commanded bv Vondanime road from Ulm to Augsbnrg.

and Lcgrand, towards Aug^oarg, at the • ** Mar J^ at Lannes, with the grtt^ditf

fame tuno that oeneral St. Hilaire was ad- division of Oudinot, and the division of $»•

fancias thither \y the loH bank. chct, took post the same day in the vilb£e

, On die ^th, at day break, Pnnce ^urat, of 2ruaicrBhau8en.

»t th< head 9f Beaumont's and Klein's tlivi- <♦ The Hmperor passed itt rt-^iew the *»•

f'ona of dragooiK, and the diviaton of cara^ goons of Ziimerslidusefi : htf ordered to bff

, inicrs and cuirassiers, conunanded by Cen- brought before hini a dragoon, named Ma-

eral Naosoniy, matched to cut off the route tfente,. of tlie ^xh regiment, one of the gal^

£:on^ yim to Augsburg. On hts arrival at huit soldiers who, in the passaoe of the LeCb»

, .WeEtingen,h« p<rcclvod a considerable diti- had saved his Captain, who Dnt t ftw dart

Pon of theencmy^s inlatery, supported by before had cashiered hirti from his IMik. Wa

HV sQuadrons of Albert's cuirassiers. He Majesty bo4tov^ed on him the Ai^Uf^eLc^

,|]qfMUi(4i^cly sucfouiiB^d the whole of this gion of Honour. The tidier then omeriKd^

corps. Aiar&hal Lanocs, who was msirch' ^ f have vul^'doni in/ duty? tb^ Captain dt'

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pdedb 9» o& accmmt of toau vioJatiDa of ju Aiigslmcgh and LA]]A*bet|»9 ani vUI |^

Usciplincy but he knows that 1 have alwa^rs f ut oft at Fuess3u.

mnred a good soldier.* . Fijtb SulUtia oftbt Grand Srmy» 4uxtJliurM

** I'he £inperor i)«xt cxprcayed hi« satis. Oct. l^, — Marrdial SouU havinji^ directc^
action to the drqgoons, of the conduct they his inarch with tki: division of the army
od displayed at the battle of Wertingen, under his command* to Lan^sberg, by th^
lie ordered each regiment to pre&ent a dra- movement cut off one of tlie great commu«
poon, on whom he also bestowed the Algle nications of the enemy. Ife arriyed thetf
I the L^on of Honour* on the xith, at half past four, and encomii*

^ AU the cannon, colours, almost all the ta-ed the regiment m cuirassictB of Prinq^
iiicen of the ^cmy's army who fought at Ferdinand, who immediately retreated bf
l^crtingan, verc ta^; a great mimber forced marches to Uhn. Marshal Soul^
pcrckUIed. Two Lieutenant colonels, ^ atucked them with the . 26th regiment d^
/fajers, sixty OfEcers, 4Q00 soldiers hav^ Chasseura. T^e Auoriaqsimincdiatebrfl^i
dlen into our handle The remainder ware jeaving 120 prisoners, tpgether with one
i^rscd; and what escaped owed their safe- lieutcnant-colon«l^ two captains, and tW9
r to a morass, which stopped a colunm that pieces of cannon.
ras turning the enemy. Twenty ptec^ of cannon, and the whole

^ Mtfshal Ney on his side, with the divi- of the pontoons of the enemy, hawinj^ paiasc^
ons of Walher, Dupont, and I.oi6on, the ^aBd^berg on the loth* M^:»hal Souk difi»-
iTismi of dm^Qons of General Barraguay patched genial Sebastiaoi with ahjrigadc of
'HiUcTS, and the division Oazan, ascended dragoons in pursuit of tham. It is hoped
icPaott^, and attacked the enemy in their they will overtake t^em. On the i2t^
pvictaa a| Qrumberg. It is now five o'clock. Marshal S^ult marched towards Meqmimr
^ jwc h«ar fhp^riog of cannon. gen, and arrived at day-break* ^

*' it rains heavily; but this docs not retard Marshal Bernadotte marched on the
le fori»d marches pf the Qrai?d Army. The whole of the nth. and pushed ibis advance^
mperor sets the evaiQpla on horseback night posts within two leagues of Munich. Th&
ul day; he \& contmuully in the midst of the oaggage of several Austrian gener^ hav«
oopfy and in every point where his pisesenoe fallm into the hands of our light troops.
Q^esaary. He yesterday rode 14 leagues. Marshal Davoust arrived at Dac^lan, ,h^
Lb skpt in a soiall village without servants, advanced g-uard is at Moisadi*
b4 without any kind of baggage. Tfa^ Prince Murat, with the reserve <i(ca7ajcy»
iahop 1^ Aogabur^ hf4» however, illumi- and the cms of Mahals N«y and lAimqi*
aud hispalasc. and waited hit Majesty is opposite the anemy* v^^mit left occupitu
uriog a part of the oighc'* Uhn^ ^ the ri^^t l^kam^gen.

r^tmdArmy Amgtkmrgby OcUlU — ^Tjiccom- paEFECT AWp MAVOa Q* PA»l.».

11^ Wcrtingen was followed in twenty- " Gmtkmm ^t^ut ^ ¥^yi^ ^. •^ ^f^j^

ur hours by an action at Gunsburgh. City-. of Pari**

(ar$hal Key had caused his corp3 to ii4- ^ Our troops in th(» <?Pmh4t at Vtfrwgent

iQce — the division oip hoi%exi towards Lai^ defeated t^clte bartalMm* of gnenadiars, tkfi

loan, and the division of Malher to Guns- #ower>«if the Auatriaa ar<Qy> «^ jcheir artiJU-

tfgb. The enemy, who endeavoured to kry hayijDg xsemainpd in pur power, witli ^

ipoae th^ifi marcihj wens every where de- great nimb#r uf priso^rs, and eight pair of

ated. X CQl(>urs. We have re«|plyed 10 make a pro- '

It was m vaio that Prince Ferdiittod sent ^the c«lovrsto$wr-goo4qiKyof Parif,

uteoed in person to defend Gunsburf^, and of two pieqes of canikQni to b« pl&^d in

«iqral Malher attacked him with theijHh the Heiel de Vilk.

The hatdf waa most obstinato-^ •* We deai^e that i»w gpctd a>ty pf Paria



oy fougkt fiiLanito man. Oolone] Ia C^ae i^ay seeio this mark of our r^iOK^hrance,

as killed at the l^ad of his regiment, «ud in this pr«se«c^ which, will be to it die

kUk, JMtwithst^ding the most ob.Hinaae jbomc precious, that it is iisgovcTM^ whp

^4»taiief I carried the bridge by nuinfe!r<^i C9Bunand«d our troups 00 ii|r eosabat at

K camion which de^mded it were taken, W<irti9g{9i> the l«»v< which we hear.it. Th^

id the line pr^ition of Gunshurgh rcsHOp- .letter havtpg only this ob)ca iu viuw, wp

L in our poioc&iioo. pray Qod to h*v« y<HL in w holy kespiag..
Tkathvee attacks of the enen\y were W»- (Signed) **HA^mQN.*' ,

•a. They retired with prccipitatipn. T^e Imf^Ul Htad'i^ariers §f A^i^hmfg^ it
acvtre 0i Ik'inne Murat arrived in tht night K9niem*iHre*

. Bofigsio, aqd cut off tke eneiiiy. fifib Cfffkiid MuU^n of th* Cnnfid Ammy^

Tki»«aemy.l6^a50dmeoat Gunsbiirgk; Skbit^etiy 0^/. i^ ];go3.»— £^€ni»Qf graat

« Mve nk»4f^ xaoo pii^pners ; w<^,had.4PP •cQnsc^uencfr>-^r batUes of Alb<spk« £lch«Q^

pa kilkid a0d woufidad. Th« Smparpr ar- gw, and the captwe of l^lm and lylcmHvnp

aad at Avg^uiigh on the zoth. Theec^^ gen, fottowed the actions at Wer^i^en w4.
^ittti<ft .flf-](be«)emy's vmy >» cvt «f Guiyburgh-T-MipM ^^w^ VfivA <M» tb



4 ^ * Digitized by Google



460^ f State 'Pc$e?s.

X3th, before Mcramingcn, imrhctiiatcly «ur»
rounded the to^n, and after some negocia-^
tk)n the comznaxidazit capitulated. Nine
1>attiiioxis were taken prisoners;, a major-
general, many superior officers, ten jueces
of eannoD, and a great deal of bagzage and
ammunition of every kind, was the result
of this affair. At the same time Marshal
Soult marchrd for Ochsenhausen, for the
purpose of reaching Biberach, and' cutting
'ofif the only retreat which lay open to the
Archduke Ferdinand. On the 19th, the

. enemy made a sor^e from Ulm, and attack-
ed the division of Dupont, This battle was
a most obstinate one. Surrounded by twen-
ty-five thousand men, these six thousand
brave fellows opposed, them on all sidei,
and took fifteen hundred prisoners. Thb
corps should not be astonished at any thing ;
it consisted of the 9th light, the 32d, 69th,
and z6th of the line. On the Z3th the Em- .
|>eror went to the camp before Ulm, and
ordered the anny of the enemy to be invest-
ed. On the 14th, at day-break, Marshal
Ne^r passed the bridge at the head of Loison't
fdi vision. The enemy ' opposed his taking
possession of Elchingen with sixteen thou*
"sand men ; tJicy were every where over-
thrown, lost three thousand men, who were
taken prisoners, and were pursued to their
'entrenchments. On the 14th general Mar-
mont occupied all the communications of
the enemy on the lUer On the 15th, at
^av-b^ak, the Emperor himself appeared
1>clbre Ulm. The corns of Prince Murat,
and those of Marshals Lasnes and Ney,
ranged themselves in order of battle, to
iorot the entrenchments of the enemy. The
day was-dreadfui : the troops were up to
their knees in mud. The Emperor had not
taken off his boots for eight days. Prince
Ferdinand had marched off in the night

/towards Biberach, leiiving twelve battalions
ia the town and upon the heights of Ulm,
which were all taken. Marshal Soult took
possession of Biberach on the 15th. • Prince
■Murat set out in pursuit of the enemy, who
are in a dreadful state of dissolution.' Out of
aii army of eighty thousand men there are
only twenty-five thousand remaining, and
hopes are entertained that they will not be
able to escape us. Immediately af^er his ar-
rival at Munich, Marshal Bemadotte pur-
sued the army of general Kienmeyer, and
took some waggons and prisoners from hnn.
Sixtrt BuUetiK, ^cbingen, Oct. 18— TiliE
day of Ulm was oiie of &c most briliioot in
the history of France. The capitukition of
the town is annexed, as well as the account
of the regiments shut up there. The Em-
peror might have taken the place by assault,
nut twenty thousand men, defended by for-
tifications and wet ditcher, would have made
a resistance, and his desire was to save the
effusion of blood. General Mick, com-
mander in chief -of the army, v^sih tlic
own ; i( i$ the face Qf geiier<d» opposed to



the Emperor to be taketr'tn fortified pheiA
It will be recollected, that ^er the briflnat
movements on the Brenta, the old ¥idi
Marshal Wurmser was Ru&de prisnacr is
'Mantua; Melas was also at Alesandni}
Mack is so at Ulm. - The Austrian arcnjr
wfts one of the finest that Auttria ever- had ^
it ciansisted of finyteenregiments of infantry
of the army of Bavaria, a»it is called, thir-
teen rcghncntsfrom die Tyrol, add ^vt
regiments which had beeb sent in w ag ^ u at
fi-om Italy, altogether thifty«two negimcmt
of infantry, and fifteen regimeBti of caval-
ry. The Emperor had plMed Che army ef
Prince Ferdinand in the same utmtioo ia
which he had placed that of Mela*. After
having long hesitated, Melas adopted the
noble resolution of piercing dirongh the
French army, which occasioQed the hattle
of Marengo. Mack took another reteXntiooi
Ufan is the point of union of a great sambck'
of highroads; he had 'formed the pkm of
making his divisions retreat by these roadi,
tore-assemble them in Bohemia and dtae
Tyrol The divisions of HohensoUeni aali
Wemeck msirched off by Heydenheia. A
small division retreated by Memnuara,
but the Emperor on the nth battened £oai
Augsburgh to Ulin, immediately di^ioaa-
certed the projects of the enemy* ordenid
the bridge and position of Ekhingen tote
carried, which rendered every thiag lecaae.
Mar^al Soult, after having taken Moi-
mingen, went in pnnoit or the other co-
lumns. Prince Ferdinand had therefore no
other resource than to suffer himself to be
shut up in Ubn, or to endeavamr by cross-
roads, to join the division of HohensoUera ;
this Prince adopted the latter resolati<iD,aad
proceeded to Aalen with four squadromef
cavalry. In the mean time Prince Marat
was in pursuit of Prince Ferdinand. The
division of Werheck endeavoored to opp^^e
him atXangenau. He took three thonsaod
of them prisoners. While he made a hmmc*
ment on his rig^ht to Heydenheim, Darsbd
Jjumes marched towards Aalen and Noed*
lingen. The progress of the enemy was #e^
tarded by five hundred wa^goos, and tkey
^ere weakened by the battle <tf Lttigcnelib
The action did not' retard i^ aaardiof
' Prince Mur^t. He advanced rapidly to-
wards Nere.theim, and on the I7tn, at ive
in the eveninj^, he arrived before that pcfsi-
tion. The division of dragoons of ^general
Klein charged the enemy. Two standards^
a general officer, and one thonsaod men,
were again taken at tKe battle of Nereaheiiib
Prince Ferdinand, and seven of his genen]%
had barely time to jget on horseba^ Tbeir
dinner was fbahd ot table. Fqt two days
the had no place of rest. ' Ik aj»pears that
Prince Ferdinand will not be able to esca]fift
the French army, 'mles^ hy dtsf^aiUi^ hit
p^son, or getting off wftb a few %quad^nis
by some- bye p^xh, AsiSK'BnipeRir wall
pasiiiig throu|^ti cmtd of prisooierti 'Ml

Digitized by VjOO^*



Ihi((fNet0PulBatiltmsinNbvemler, 1805;



Austrian colonel expressed his As(omAhment
to 9ccihe £mperor of the French wet, co*
^ered with dirt, as much and more fatigued
than the meanest drtunmer in his aimy.
One of h)> aid-dc-camps having explained
to him what that Austrian officer said, the
Emperor ordered this answer to be made :
** Your maNter wished to make me recollect
that I was a soldier ; I hope he will allow
that the throne and the Imperial pnrple
have not made me forget my first profes-
sion." The appearance of the army von. the
25th was really mo>t interesting. For two
days the rain fell in torrenu ; the whole
army was dripping wet ; the soldiers had no
proTisions dim-ibutcd to them ; they were
.up to the knees in mnd. But the Emperor
infused frerfi spirits into them ; and at the
moment he perceived whole columns in this
state, he ordered long live the Emperor to
^ cried. It is also mentioned, that the
Empefor replied ^to the officers who sur-
rounded htm, and who expressed their sur-
prise, how, in a moment of such distrc.<(s,
ibc soldiers could forget all their wantj and
appear only sensible to the pleasure ef see-
ing him I ** They are in the right ; it is to
spare theis; blood that I make them undergo
ouch great fatigue." l^hc Emperor) when
the army occupied the heig}us which com-
•v»nd Ulm, sent for tlie Prince of JLichten-
atein» major geperal^-ivho was shut up in
tl)t town, to communicate to him that he
^wished it would capitulate; telling' i^im,
tfiat if he took it by storm, he would be
under the necessity of acting as he did at
Jafia, where the whole garrison were put to
the sword; that it was one of the melan-
choly rights of war ; that he wished ihat
'hothhfe and the brave Austrian nation were



Online LibraryUnited States. Supreme CourtThe Universal magazine, Volume 4 → online text (page 83 of 108)