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expressed with so much energy^ that he ..leave a vessel to inform Lord Nelson of
always commanded the attention and ,tlie French fleet having Been thus!
respect of all those who heard him- He Jicre we are concerned to mention «n aeft "
seconded, with peculiar zeal, the patiiotic. pf.the administration of Lord Melville,
endeavours of Earl St. Vin(>?nt, to cor« when at. the head of the Admirsdty, •
rect the gross sm^ sham^iil abuses of which. must tend as much as any cir« *
the naval department. , ^ . cmnstance in^ his- political career 10 ex«

Little more than a year had now elaps- pose him to the censure o£. the bra\-e and
cd from the ratification of peace, when generous : — ^Tlie depriving Lord Xelsoa
every tiling seemed to .announce its when commanding in the Mediterra«>
speedy termination. Had Lord Ndson n^an of that branch of his station,
possessed a mind less ardently desirous -oz which .would in some degrea have fc-*
glory, he miglit with Justice haye^adt, compenscd him for the toils and hard*
vanced his severe sufferings, .and infirm ships he had suffered, and placing a par^
health, as a plea fpran honorable retire- tl^n and favourite of his own on that
ment} but private considemtions were service^ must liave highly di^igustcd the
- never placed by him in competition navy ; and it ought to be observed, that
with public benefit. . Long and pain- Lord Nelsons wealth kept uo pacewidi
ful were the toils of this great man his hoooucs. It has hdm ju^tl y laid by '
-^short &nd fleet his moments of re^ those who knew him, tliat he was
pose. The, war vvas now renewed — he never covetous of tbriune, indeed in -
offered his services, and in May 1803, more instances than one, ihe harvest
was appointed to the command in the which it was his ri^ht and title to reap,
Mediterranean, and sailed oa the 20th . was gathered ^s in this case by another,
in the yictoryof 110 guns, accompanied It was not in the nature of the noble
by the Amphion fri^te. On this station viscountto assail ofhce with complaints ;
he passed many tedious months/ which though he was by no means insensible

.. . of the iniury which was -done 10 him by

. . . Z low intngue and jobbing. Had Lord

severalW and successively by Susannah, Nelson not been supplanted as he was
the wife of Thomas Bolton, esq. and ^^ *he Mediterranean, his st^ition would
sister of the said Horatio Viscount have securedto him a substantiai reward,
Nebon; and in default of such issue to *nd would have enabled him to live
the heirs male of Catherine, the wife of with becoming splendour in his retire-
' G^rge Mateham,-e8q. anotlier, sister 01 °*^^ I* w** * national debt due to
the laid.Iforatio Viscount NeUoo. ^ great services, livery truly noble



40\ iSketck ofihe Life of tJu: Rl Hotl P^itcmfU NetsoH.- .

lnin4 would have rejoiced, had the hero from some circumstances which -mifijib'
r)f the Kile been rewarded with i\\6 be enumera^, that' the gallant Adifuial
Bpoils of the enemy. Tliis disgusting in- had ft strong prcsentimeilt of the fate'
stance of official fiivoritism,wourdn6t be- that awaited hurt. After his last retmn
here repeated, but that it is becoming from the West Indies, he is ssud to hiire
our countrymen should be acquainted frequfently expressed to his intimate
•wi til a fuctj which thev might omcrwise frietids, that Kfe had almost become

. little susjject ; especially wheh they are burthtnsdtne, or at l^t indififeient to
informeclLofd Nelson was on scr\'ice in him; aftd that his principal desire of
the Mediterranean rtear two years ; a prolonged e^ist^nde, arose from the wish
terVice of the most anxious and painful of being additionally serviceable to his
nature, being, as we have observed, con* country; adding, that he feUc6n6dent»
J^nrd to the blockade of Toulon. Whert whenever he. next met the cnemj, he
he learnt the enemy's fleet had escaped, should either return to his countiy, a
everyone recollects with what araour corpsd, or bring the greatest |>ait of the
and velocity he flew at his own risk, and fleet of his opponents, into a British
"Without orders, to save the Wtst I;idies port. In one of nis private letters ^which
from depredation and pillage. His ar- ne wrote after joinihg the fleet, he thus
rival was hailed with the utmost joy by expressed himself: •• It is the first -wish
the inhabitants of Barbadoes, and his ofmy heart to bring the enemyno action,
name alone g;ive them security. He and to die in the arms of vie torw" These
performed this service with a gallantry are sentiments which seem to hate beea
so noble, as to expose the combined deeply impressed on his mind, from them
fleets to the ridicule of Europe. Ncvei: might arise the little solicitude, or anxi^
in the naval annals (f( this, or atiy other ety, with which he regarded iits pei^on*
country, was such an example of promp- al safef^r in th« action, that eotisum-*
li'tude, decision, and rapidity, displayed mated nis fate. Alas, the wish of his
ason this occasion; and G^eat as tne no- gallatit ' spirit was to be too spcediiy
ble Admiral had shewn himself in his realized. On the 4th Of Octcber he*
former achievements, his talents never ioined the Cadiz squadron, of which '

• slv)ne with so much lustre, aftd his re- lie assumed the chief command. Lord
souroes were never exhibited to such ad- Nelson Imd observed the distiessiD^
vantage* as in this memorable expedition, consequences which resulted ' tn the
Itjnay even be fairly asserted, he never battle of "Sir llobcrt Calder, from the
had rendered more important 8er\ices to confusion of multiplied signals: before
his country, He haa reserved by the he set sail from 'England, he had re-
"m^re terror of his name, our West India volyed in his mind the plan of avoiding
islands, from the jaws of a rapacious their necessity. On joining the fleet he
foe. In the short space of six months summoned the admirals and'captaias
he had twice "traversed the Medi terra- into the cabin of the Victory, and laid
ncan, aud the Atlantic, from the shores before th€m a ne%v, simple', and most
of the Nile to the gulph of Mexico, complete plan of attack, which struck
Kach sucpeetling disappointment seemed ev'ery one of them with the force of de-
to inflame him with new ardour in this monstration. It hai been jdstlv de-
unparalleled chose ; and when he at scribed by Admiral Lord Collingwood^
length found, that the enemy were re- Iftoas, says he, irresistible.
turning to Europe, he sent word that Admiral ViHcrteuve having reason to
measures might be tiken to intercc|>t believe he woufld shortly be superseded
them; Lord Nelson, however, continued, in the command of the- Flench fleet,
the pursuit. They, however, eluded his with a magnanimity that cannot but he
vigilant search ok Uiem, and he returned admired, desperately resolved not to
to England tilled wit^i mortihcation and lose the only opportunity he might ever
disappointment. The fleets of the encmv haye, of endeavouring' to distinguish
had m the mean time fallen in witn himself. On the 19th of October, he
Sir Robert Calder's scfuadron, and after sailed in conjunction with tlie Sfianish
their defeat by him, succeeded once fleet from Cadiz harbour, and pot U> se^«
niQfe in getting into port. Lord Nelson The blasted hqucs of the French admi-
ha vina; relit ted, immediajtely sailed, quit- ral, by theglonous issue of the coatast,-
tin^ the chores of his beloved country, are suflieieutly detailed in the 45dth
wliich he w|as destined never again to page of our last pumbet; to that nana-
see! One mi^^u b« tempx«d to Sbiieye, ttvc^we am add Utile. The coaflict.

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Sketch of the L{fe rifike Rt. Hon. FUcount IVV(wfi.



«fl»-



^itfl eontinucci with great obstinucy. for comnian^i, in a firra and difjnified man*

'tM^& hours, when :is I/ird Kelson was ner. Captain Hardy continued wHh

<;on versing with his first licuteuant, Mr. him to the laist ; luid %vhen he wat in-

P^scho, (*aptain Adirir, of the ui»rine^, formed that above fifteen ships of the

«Tid Mr. Scoct his socreuiry, adouiring enemy had fdreaiiy struck, he rdumedi

^^^ pliant style in wh'uh A'dmir.ii Col- thank'itoGod, tliathis death was crown-

liii^wood led hii division into- action, ed with victory. He then desired hi«

iie was suddenly sahited with a shower blessing t6 be given to the objects of hil

-or musketry, from tlie lops of the Trihi- love ajid regaro, whom he expressed ab

^ada, which was repeated briskly for wish to have embraced^ but checking

several rounds. Mr. Scott fell '<by a himself with a piety and resignation that

musket ball, which entered his ^tead ; fenned an eminent feature in his charao-

Captain Adair shared the same fate ; ter, added, ** But the wiU of God be 4mt* ;

I^ieutetuint Pascho rccei^-ed a wound, he shortly After breathed his last. Ju4t

«nd.out of 110 marines stationed on the before this event, hoivever,* he spoke in

poop and Quarter deck, 80 were killed raptures of the is:viic of thedav, and de-

or woundecl. His lordship having in sired *< liis afteotiooaie rememWancc to

«Ch« morning put on tlic stats of his dif-' all his Lroilier seamen throughout the

fcrcnt orders, the fruitb of many a hard- fleet.'*

iought biittle, his secretary and chap- What the great .Hawke was in his
laijw nrevious to the tinj;ageme»t, en- time, Nclfton was in ours ; and had the
ta^eatM ^im to takelhcm oflf, fearing, gal Umt hero sufvived, what words would
▼lery justly, his dress might expose him, have been moie applicable than those
but he answered, ■•* Nt^^in honour I addre^tsed hyOmdow, the speaker of the
^med them ; in honour I will die in House -of Commons, to the former^
tbera." 'Captain Haidy ttfter^rards en- after his glorious defeat of Marshy
Created 'him to change his dress, or put ConHans :

aon a giT^at coat, infonvring him that his '* Vour trust was of the highest ns^
ijerson became imneccssarily exposed by 'ure : but to which your characters of
riis honourable insignia. His iord^liip coun^, ftdelky. vigilance, and abilU
answercfl^ be had not time. Greatly as ties were known tobeecpiaL Yoaeocm
yrfi admire the forwardness of the noble freed us from fears, and have answennf
hero, we^nust'regretthat he did notpav all our hopes that l>ravery and cotuiuct
iriorc attention to the anxiety of hfs could give, or turbtilentsnis and seasons
Iricuds. It whs very evident that rifle- would a<lmft of; even' the last never
jnea 'iiad bc^n stationed in the maiO disturlied and diminitihed your sphrit aii4
round tops 'of the enefii^, who pardcu- vigour. Yon had overawed ilie enemy
larly aimed at the ofKeers. It has been in their iiorts, in their chief nara
justly obser\'e(f, (hatt "his lordship was foree, till shame, perhaps, ordesperotion*
snlHcicntiy known by his own ofiieers, brought them forth at last. You fought
and if tlie enemy only knew that ly>rd them, subdued them, aod, in their coi^
Nelson was thfsre, without being able fusion and, dismay, made those who
to distingnish his person, it certainly would escape, to s^k their security ii^
must have l)cen all that was necessary, flight and oisgrgice."
TTk; fatal event, every moment expected, if his public conduct excites oar ad«
^ Icn^h took place; a sliot struck his miration, his private will not less endear
Jordshtp, carried away j>nrt of the cpau- him to us. By those who knew him ib
let, anu penetrating through t4)e «tar, en- retirement, it has been said, a genoioe,
tercd his left breast, and took a direction unafletted philanthropy of heart, paitt*
Through the vital parts — ^hc sta^^red f«l^' displayed itself. A human be«-
against the oihcer near htiu. When ingoimorcpiire^^eRevolcnceor ofmote
carried belovv, hp ,wn.u}d not aHow acif\''e virtue can scarcely be conceived^
the practice of lue^Iical attiei^on be- xliaa Lord Nelson. He was the friend,
jng givea by rotation, to be viulated, the brother of every man within tlie
but insisted, as forui^ly, in taking hih reacli of his power, and his neighl>ouE-
tum. When that grief, which was so hood were deliclued to sec the rcxerence
■visibly depicted oii the countenance of and affection vvnich all his companions
the sur^ou who ex;uuioed the wound, in arms, from tlic highest to the lowest,
ihad suflicicntly informed him of his fate, expressed for his person, a homa^
iie still gave orders to all around him, which spruog from a heiutfelt sense of
and communicated ^vIlH hi-^ eccond iahis superior wonb and. goodness Du^

' Y»1.1V. ... ; .. ii '



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i^i. A bisqtdsitionon iHslmcL

if(^ a &^r«;re wloter^ h6td Nelson, ever U) hh £iini!y, as tro{>^ie8 to illustrate ^
* Retentive to the V^oice of mis^ and dis- titJes ccnferred on hinq, by hii King ai>tf
trails, eeiit «L lacee coUectipn of blankets die. goyerigns ip altiaoce with . his couo>
ib his ntliTtf v'dta^ge, in order to be dis- try. , Jn the Gazette of ]f*^ovember.-<^y
iribaled .among the poorj mdny similar his Idfajestv wis pleased to ^ant *' t«
<cts of beneficence migVit be , adduced, rfie. R§v. William Nelson, D. D, now
His feelings were particularly warm and Lord Ndson, brother and heir to tfit
4u2ck, having been kno\f.n to sl^ed tears i;ite Lord Viscount Nelson, who. aftei
St meeting SLix old friend uneicpjectedly a scries of transcendent ahd Iieroic &ef»
«})0n letarning froi|i a dists^nt eliiiia^r vices,- fell gloriously on. the 21 st of Opt.
Having fto offspring by Lady Nelson, last, in the moment of brilliant and dc-
-feci procured, as our rei^dert- tvill have cisiv^ victory/ the dignity of a Viscoiini
^rceived^ the titks of 3arpn and Vis^ acid Earl of fhe united kingdom of Grtijat
4tount NeL^n of the Nile, to descend Sritaindnd Ireland, by the names, salec
^ the collateral branches of the family, and titles of Viscoupt Merton and Carl
lie is therefore su^ep^ed iji his titles by Nelson, of Trafalgar*, and of Mertoii, iri
jthereversndDr.Wiliiaiii Nelson,, boin the coimty pf Surry, the same.^to dc^
}n 1757, a vice dean of Canierbury, seend to the heirs male of his body, law-
^ose son HdratlO, borp^ in 1798, a fijlly beaptten," and thecollatcrai krafl-

trbmising yonth, is at Eton, and his ches as before pientioned.
iughtd-, 'the hopourabk: Charlotte Wehavenoiy, as briefly as possib&|
Mary NeHon,. at Mertoji Place. The |jourtrayed the character pf one of tlie
. two sisters of Lgrd Nelson, have both greatest champions of this age. Few
iiumerous fo'milies 1 to ^wliom. he was captains of the sea have in ^ly peritxt
itiachcd, is^muOhby afiejction as by re- actiieved so many victories^ o"f whiclj
lationship ; we trust ease and happiness perhaps none evfer promised morebenc^
wiH ere long b* ieon^ned on all his re- ficial consequences ^han Jus lasL Our
latitesand iricnda ; it is becoming, it is trade to the East and West Indies is
consistent with the dignity of the coun^ thereby freed from thosic dangers whidi
tiT, that Such should ^ th'e case.. Lord attended the sailing of each ^fleet. The
l>Jelson by- his wilL appointed his bro- French mast now relinquish for a long,
ther, and Mr- Hajlev^opd, his cxccp- very long time, the ilatterin^ idea of
tors. It was^made, howcyer^ with the sirengthenipg the few colonies which
Inipiesstoh, that he should have little to remam tx>.them on the other side the
bestow, excepting the fame and glory he ^qtiator, from which they hoped Qnedajp
had acquired. Avarice, or Si -solicitude to convey troops, or other aid to Xhwe
fcr riches, as mtfy frequently be se^n by. powers in Indostan, with whom we
<itany traits vwhieh we. h^v? 5l»wn, in might happen to.be in hostility, ti^
the course of,this/uemoir, were quali- short, whether tvc look abroad or at
■ties of t6o meiii a stamp, .to enter into homej (or the result of this almost un-
thccompdJition of.his triUygwatmind. equalled qriumph, we .are transpbr'te)
ThejicuMon of 2000 a year, voted by with the change it lias b|ougbt oa (he
parliament to. him, aftfr the^ battle of fortune of our country.

fee Nile. feHvvrttb^ hiip. We aife cer- — ^ -— ^ .rr^.

^ift, all. those, who ddmi.re the cha- . . * ,It is reported ihAt Uie mihis!^ "
tacter of Lord Nelson* >i^iU lament .to means to recomroetid to parliaihliif) (f
hear that before he Went oui \o take the npytjajvse an estate, |fe lljc &tbity of
icdnkmand of.tljp Mediterranean 9eeU Nelsoni and call it l^ratcdcar ; a«^d Cd
he was ol^lig^ to disbo^e of such of his grant a. pension of^OOQ^ Co ms Keifs l«i
iewels as wei« ho^ ot a nature to be lefl ever.

OI^iGlkAL GOffiTuNtGATlONS.

X bisftuisitio^ ON tsSTiirct. ' only serrr^ toetlricfethat tte OjpA^r

Te6ixcluclc4 fro¥t\-Jja^e m cff'bui- Idst] tfon* cf nature' mat bb jtiistly Aftta^

' lor tjie Umvcfsal Mdg^. y 'Aifei! ^ ^ntWly tofefaaftfegj, tUl-^

IR, . ■ firsl b^in fo coiHw it*Srm*ti<» to



. iiR, ^ nrst b^in fo txm\'ey t.^^ .^

1.ET ffie h^-e-. hoTi'fei'feV, dtiSetrf^^, fhfesoSj iiid thilfi* iiiatfidBtf»s«^
Jjat the system. Sf HAriU^ is Iftot onh m like ximttt, m^ d^iaSclifWi, «i«*
hi those xvliich dji5 Rk^lr tq terminjife itiitted thfoa^h fhfe "^hdte s4«tftdi :



lu iftechmiishi,:aSf itn ^JrtatlMofir hjr- that flic git-e^ life, nSfe, ktid ^^if^ t»
|K)t)ies}» ton the actioos of m \ tqk\^ j it theie powers^ \s, . m^, o^ m ha

' Digitized by VjOOQIC



. \4 iHsguisilion. on IifstipQi, AQS

^aipUwcnW priftcijiles. A? ^3tion^ woujd afford a pleasant or gfalefljl
^Qd religious phUosppliers, we cannot ta^e. T^is is fheleasoji viiyUyedifJ
fDe tpo much on our guard against ad- fee nee of tastes was wisely v^eiiigne4
5351 tting tl^e notion o^ niech'anisnj l^e-. to be felt and di^cruoajwated 6} thf
»i^ 9 SQUrce of ^thoug^it,} for this tongue, in order tliat sjjlutgry' fi^^
"5jr5uldaff(^d agrOund-\j'orkforerect- might -be disajraod fran) su,^i ^ ^
il^ a jreneral system of materi^lLim ; noxious: &r, geiimliy sp^si^g, ny
^lad ^o\vever .^bsurd such a notion ;kind of aliment that ijs of 9 ft*^Ktarf
xnay l?e, there are men who would nature, is found to be of a .di^agre^pjp
c^tch at ^y thing that seems to favour taste, nor are there any il]-t;^sled jsu^'
it. This doctrin/e sliould jidt be ad- stances that can be ,deem.ed .prgperiy
initted^ in a single instance-ror all adapted to ai&rd fit ji^urishwevt - ^
tJiQse weighty atgumems thaX are and hence ail animaUare ipvited tp
Reducible trom a contrary supposition take necessary food, 'by the j^,ea$u)iB
Vi^ be much invalidated. A worse arisingfrom the sense w tli? ^i^te ^
oonsequei^q^ will also arise — miUious wellas.by the unpleasant ^d paiuiul
.of instances in every species throueh- sensation which we caU hujc^ef.
. oilt the animal kingdom will be taCen Brute animals, who possess not, ftfe©
for granted to be merely mechanical, rnen, the means of /deriving intpr^iig-
except in one instance only, viz. the tion from each otljer, have, jftCJVprth^
hunkb species -, and to those who less, the £iculty or di2>tia£uishing

. "wotild conduct the dispute in a close flavours more nicely, by wwch jthfy
^and logical manner, the numerous in- are admonished to ahstam, wjkh a c^-
stanqes f;ranted against one, would tain degree of caution, frofpi poisonoiift
reasonaUlv enough induce such to con- or unhealthy food. This is tne.re^sonr
elude in favour of materialism, tet why herbivorous ca.ttle, to 'wWchda^ft
PS reject, therefore, the supposition a great diversity of noxious plants pr^p*
.that so l^ge a part pf tlie animal king- sents itself, among their wonted food,

■ ^ifias the brute species, are operated are fiimished with sychian^^e and long
OD lipdperiorju rational actions by the papillae in the tonge of so deli(^te mo.
principles of Wife mechanism, that elegant a structure 5 wbich pa pill^aje
we piay not fall ipto such contr^dic- not so necessary to nalan ; .the^e thej^-
tions and inconsistencies, as must ever fore, exciting a much jgroater degree
att^d th()se who v'puld willingly ie- of sensibility,, it is evident .tl^t .^»
.conqle tlie two ^ypotliesds, jn oppo- cnimalwfll desist from taking what is
sitioii to.th^ stro^ig'est evidence ofrea- imrtfiil, merely to avoid, tjie unei^sy
;wm*^nd matter 01 fact. sensation that is sure .to arise from rt^

It. does not Jippe^r that thp young displeasing taste, and not frmp, any yl-
.progeny erf any 'anin^l7 without ex- stinctive 'sanity; warning, hip Xo
!clumng tl)e nuraan sjjecies, possess any avoid poisonous nerhs.
kind or ijegiee of intormation respect- I hAye founded" tn^y arirujiu5nj|»tipn -
4ng present daiiger/lieyoiid that pro- chiefly upon instances .tafa^nifi 9m we
portion qf experience which, tl^eynjay actions 'ot young animals ,;3a tfae a^in

^ Jiare previou^y attained to, ^rid whTch stress of it seems natucalbr.to.l^ ^i^i
jncrefises with ^ge ; it is only by ex- for if sijdh actions can .oe' dcco|ni|ed
,geri«?ncii>g ^e pain resulting from for. on the foregoing .pri^cjiples, It is
too great a heat, gr a slight burn, in not likely that any v>lixu:|^^ rrom.|he
.coiispqy^e of creeping ai^ong hot possibility of instinct Qommeijping pfW
cinders, tpat a puppy or.Kittep is \tahi- terwprds, when exfJerience 8lj^l b%^-9
cd, and^learns to avoid the nre in fu- been enabled to supply \U pteo^in^
tare, or .by a. similar Mp^ience, that which case, it will heiM>to\ger ^.{be
a child wijl no longer catch at 'the $ame utility: . . '

flame ofAcandlei— and ^n infcrma- If the foregoing ilatecDept ^^b^Nyn-
tipn of this kipld is ^11 t|iat.is necessary ed a true de^ripuoft, or i.elc«..fiopy-
agaiiist the poiisibkeyent qi' suffering io^of nature; \re see at ^Qijjje a^ure
p\^h, or'the lijce tpjuqes. But wliere and inftJlible Cleans of Qftj<;tjQg ,aU

* Uicreisa possij^nib^ 9f npxipus sub- thepurposes thatpiay b^tijioggbtopn-
>ttniesbe}ngintrp4p(:?d(pgeijier^ duavej or necessary to life, .pt a tipa^
tiie'ti^od, tiie^sp of smejrwrii 'be* wh^ reason and experience jQOuJd. pot
^eieb^r Qilpyi&, is ppinting out possibly eflict them -awd. of a nature

fm^Ji^ Wy /^^^r^-'ut fiom what capable of improvement, djjrijg tim

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49^ .A Disquisition on tnsiihct

temamihg tefm of existence, without be called tlie appctitesr empowereJ
havir^ recourse to such an impulse as and adapted to direct the inteiligenoe.
in^tinci-i-a principle alike unknown .In man, who possesses reason, in a
In what it consists, and in Its mode of kind and degree hi^ily superior to aU
operat^ig. That this powerful chain btlier animals, any instinctive aid
'ot causes and eflfccts may be called an seems perfectly unnecessary — and few
impulse, is, Ithink,clcarenough, inaa- will deny that brutes possess enough,

much as every thing which impeh and more than enough, with the hclji

may — or must ; — but then I maintain of their physical constitution, to rem
that this is an impulse from witliin : — der it redundant. — Your correspon-
wliereas the term instinct seems to dent T. has undoubtedly stated tht
' imply, as I conceive it is commonly question with all possible propriety —
understood to mean, a forcibk; im- this I readily allow ; bufr word it as
pression, a kind of divine influence or you please, the propositions of wl^h
•agency, that must necessarily deter- \t consists will ever be found to coU'
mine every creature to such actiDns as cede too much ; operating in a man-
I ' may be occasionally and generally be- ner not unlike to an argument in logic,

• nencial j— ^and if so in reality, tliis w hicn is said to prove too much. It
' must bean impulse Jfrom untkout. is true that the human species is as

Unless the term be thus under- much indebte^l to instinct, as is tKc
stood, iflt be intended only to signify brute sixHries j — ^that is ^ according to-

• soniething similar to the above sys- my opinion, neither anrinfluenced by
' tern, as Tiirasymacbus seems, if I ua- any such dower af all-, but both hare
' derstand him tight, to intimate ; and a certain degree 6f reason, in difierent

since Nature, as It is commonly said, proportions, assisjned them by \)bm

•delights in simplicity, or, in other source of all intellei^t , such as may be

words, the Almighty, in his works, most tilting to enable them to pertona

pursues the most sure and direct means tiie parts they are destined" to ffAiX,

■to accomplish his designs, without supported by cond«ci>-o powers. Tliis,

having recourse to a redundancy of therefore, may soTve as an answer to

second 'causes (and it is unpbilosophi- the latter part of the questian : Can

calt^.i^^k two causes as assignable phtlesophers deny to man the

for tlie same effect), « controversy re- mstinct as the brtites j>ossess > -



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