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Dcuiua^ Sir, Li«uienaiil-geue);:ai*s actions had been

Your ooBStant reader, recorded in tiie iirst volume, that upon

A Chbistiak. Mr. Ortne's going to France, in the

—— year 1/73, ihe general invited liim

Ai««fOi«9 OF TAB JUATB ROIT. OBME, to his country seat, where Mr. Orme

£sa.. HMTpaioe&A^PHEH.OF INDIA, was Welcomed and treated with tlus

&c. kindest and most el^juK hosfikahty,

{Cmtkmeijnm psige 414.) and a great variety ot aiitbeotic do6u-

I>URING the ijoterva) of time that ments wer4^ put mto hie hands $ among

kad elapsed from the publication of his whicli were a very curiaus narrative

first vic^uttie^Mr.Obrme had beeaa3»du- of some of the general's own transao

ouslv employed in collecting materials tions, and likewisei a draught of the

for Ine -second volume of his'* Hi story/' route o^ his various marciues in and

iviiicb materials the Court of Direc- tlirough Golconda^ ily-dcmbad, and

tors, with a just sense of, and bearing the hortlieni provinces ; which said

an honourable testimony to the utili- draught will be found inserted m one *

I7 of his writings, liad now enabled -of the volumes of Mr. Orme's work.

Jiim to amplify and correct, by allow- In the month of June, 1/73, Mr,

lug liira free access to the records at Orme publislied d second edition of

the India House, and at the same time his first volume, with consideiable ad-

appeiuted him Historiographer to the dilions and improvements; and the

Honourable Company, with a -stipend following letter fiom tbatej^ant and

of 4Q0K a year*.' accomplwhed scholar, Mr. Jones, al?^

In order, however, to obtain a pie- terwards th^ cdebrated Sir William^

tiitudeofaccurateinforftiatiori respect- was sent to Mr. Orme, in acknow-

Ing the military operations of the ledgment of a present of that vo-

French in the Carnatic, IMr. Orme ap- lume—

jpUed by letter, to the Frcndi Lieut. "Duke-street,

\Jencral Bussy, w^ho had home so ^ June 26tb, I773.

considerable a part in the conduct ot'i he *' . Dear Sir»

same: and tliat intelligent officer " 1 was never. less pleasH with

conceived himself as hound under the study of the law than at this' mo-

' ment, when my attendance in W'est-

. minster-hall prevents ric from thanking

♦ Mr. Otnic, on learning the napii- y^" *" person for your most elegant and
cularb of the peace inade with Hvder acceptable present, which shall ever be
AUv, u rote a letter to one of his frieiids, P^eserx cd amongst my litcraiy treasures,
dated Ilarley-stttet, Dec. I, I769, of Your history is not one i)f those hoo(k»
Which the following is jtti extract: which a man reads once in a ciirboiy

** By the Bombay ship we have re- manner, and tiien throws a«;ide for ever j
ceivcd 'from Anjengo a copy ©f the peace there is no end of reading and approving
jn&dc wiih llvder Ally. It is decried, «^' "v"*^*" ^^'"^^^ ^ ^^^"^ ^^*^^ S^^*"® '"^^
but it is a good peace, and so necessary, f^*^ ^^^ pleasure to the last year of iry
that had the war continued two years "*^- ^®" may rely on this testimony,
longer, the company would have been ®^ ^^ comes from one who not only wka
nearly ruined by it^ and would have never guilty of fiatter>', but like Caesar's
been coHvplclely undone, had a war ^'^^» would never suflFer himself to be
with France ialUa m with it. suspected of it.

" I wiah much to have the gpogmphv . ** It is much to be regretted, that the
of our last campaign well ascertainedT^ historical pieces of Lucceius are xk>c
JPrav get tliis done, and send it me. I preserved to us: by a letter or two q£
am 'in some measure appointed histo- "**• which are extant, he seems to ha«e^
rian to the Company, and have by a le- ^^^ * ^^ of cxcjuisitc jjarts and taste.
Bolutionofthe court, access to their re- ^.»ccro declares himself charmed with
coids; so you need have no scruple «« ^«y <>*' writm^r, which makes me
about these kinds of communications to ™o*^ ^l^t l»»s works would Iwve iKen
me, as lam^iuuf, one of their pubhc '^ pretcrabie to those of SaUust and
.officen, as w«U as younodf**' Tacittts, whom I cannot help^ c«nsidt»-

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Memoirs oftfu laie ftobert Orme, Bstf.



.614

ing as the Ar»t corrupters of the Roisiati
language and eloauence. As to our
language, if yourself, and pefrhaps Lord
Lyttleton, had not restored it to its na-
tive 8implicity» we should soon have
been reduced to talk a new dialect, &c.
&c. I have been for the last 6ve weeks
at Oxford, where 1 took the degree of
Master of Arts in the regular course. I
was much pressed, to speak at the en-
suing encaenia ; but when I had taken
the pains to prepare an oration, in which
there was nothing that could offend Ihe
most obsequious courtier, the persons
who had urged me to write -it were tlis-
appointed at not finding it a lavish
compliment to the minister, and ex-
horted me hot to deliver it in the theatre
without a great deal of softening, which
determined me not to speak at all ; but
as I am pleased with the composition,
which is Written wholly in the manner
of the ancients, I shall print a few co-
pies for my friends. See the loquacity
of us writers; you honour me with
three kind and iijkdulgent lines, and I
send you in return as many rambling
pages : but when friends cannot con-
verse in person, they have no resource
but conversing at a aistance.

** I am, wiUi great truth,
" Most, sincerely vour's,
•* W. "Jones."

Our author bad previously formed a
literary correspondence witn Dr. Wil-
liam Robertson, tlie historian, as .we
fiad by the following espistie —

** College of Edinburghj
April 23, 1773.
«« Dear Sir,

** I shall be happv to hear that yon
still enjoy tbat more confirmed state of
health in which I l\ad last the pleasure
of seeing you. What progress do you
make ? I hope you do not relax your
ardour in earning on your work, and
that if the present age may not expect
to peruse the history of those extraordi-
nary transactions you have seen, you
will not deprive posterity of that satis-
faction. 1 go on, as usual, slowly. I
have got many useful and uncommon
Looks from ^pain, and expect some
manuscripts by the interest of Lord
GraiitlKun. 1 flatter myself the work
will turn out curious and interesting.
Allow me to put you in mind of two
promises ; one, that you would give me
some criticisms or strictures upon style
yjk «ome [larts of my luatory ^ Um oito



that you would send me a copy oif &A
last edition of your first ▼oninUf^' 1
wish for Uie former, as 1 shall certainly
profit l^ the ideas of one who has ai»
tended so much to the purity and ele-
gance of I'angua^ ; and for the latter^
that it may remam as ^ monument with
my son, of a connection of vrfaicfa I
shall 9AJ no more than that I am so-
licitous it should be remembered. In
the mean time believe me to be, whh
most sincere respect,

''.Dear Sir,
*< Your affectionate and fiiitfafui
Humble servant,
' ** William Robektsov.**

In the month of December of thq
same year, we find Mr. Orme writing
to James Alexander, es^. (afterwar£
Earl of Caledon) a descnptive account
of his tour in Fi-ance; from which tJie
following passage may not impropeiij
be insertea here—

" Dec. 1773,
•' My dear Alexander,

*' I have not received a letter firoor
you since the arrival of General Smith,
1 went with him this year to Spa : we
left London the l5th July. We sepa.
rated at Bruxelles 5 he to return directlr
to London, where his own affairs call^
him, and I to go to Biris, where I had
many books to buy concerning the
French affairs in India, and many ques-
tions to ask M. Bussy. I succeeded to
my wish in both these intentions. My
stay at Paris was from the 1st October
to the 1st November ; and on the 8th
1 saw again my friends in Hariej'*
street, where, as you may natumlly ima-
gine, I find a home that I can tind no
where else. Nevertlieless, 1 am much
pleased with having undertaken \\iiM
journey ; and nothing but the excessiila
expencc of travelling, to an imaltdisb
man, should prevent me from making
more of these excursions : for the ideai
obtained by travelling, of places, man-
ners, customs, &c. cannot oe-gained by
any other meitns— but my fortune for«
bids. We made excursions from Spa
to the Rhine, and crossed that famous
river, &c. &c.

The following letter was addressed
to Mr. Hastings —

• * Hon^ Warren Hastings, esq-

«* Harley-street, Jan. 14, I775.
" Sir,

** The educated world have received
vdth4hu greatest sa«i«iacUoQ the portittt



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Memwn of the Udt Robert Orme, Esql * §15

ypu have sent of the laws of Bengal, volume of his Historr.Tliis was divided
and earnesdy wish the contiDuatioo and into two parts, ana« like the former
accomplishment of a work which does volume, was illustrated, embellished
you so much honour. I always thought witli a niunber of maps, views, plans
that such a work must be the basis of gf towns, battles, marches, &c. many
any reasonable government exercised by of which were drawn up and executed
119 ; but always despaired of its execu- by the Companv's chief engineer iu
tioD, knowins to what other views and India, Mr. Call. This volume dis-
objects the aJbilities of Europeans have plays no less abilities in the art of
hi therto been directed in Indostan. The compiling and writing, than the for-
silent step of philosophy is gaining mer one— and it is generally consider^
ground every day ; and your nanie will ed as much mora interesting and com->
iipt be forgot amonest the foremost of prehensive. It carefully traces the
her disciples, for the valuable present rise and progress of British commerce

fpu are making to learning and reason, in Bengal; details the particulars of
have read, I may say I have extracted, the MaSnometan government, from its
every thing that has come into England first establishment in Inrdia, in the
concerning the affairs and revolutions year 1200, and generalizes the historv
of Delhi from the invasion of Radis from the time of the calamity which
Schah (we suppose Nadir Shah is here befel the. British settlements, in the
meant) ; but all I can make out is patch* year 17^6, to the ratification of the
work. What a present would you make treaty of Paris, in the year 1 7^3 .
to me, by procuring ibr me a full and During the fifteen years tliat elamed
continued Jetail of these events, which between the publication of Mr.
are always blending themselves with my Orme's first and second volumes, our
story. 1 earnestly wish' the continuance author obtained much additional and
of your health, and every otlier facihty more accurate information relative io
to cany on the importaiH affairs of the the history and institutions of the Mo*
government in which you preside with gul government, and the other native
so much distinction, and am, with the states. Colonel Dow*s version of Fe*
Ijuest esteem, rishta's History of Northern Indostan,

"Sir, published about that time, contri*

' " Your most obedient - Duted, we may presume, not a little

And most humble sen^ant, to elucidate his researches, although,
** R. Orme." being defective as a translation in se-^
In the year 1775, Mr. Orme pub- veraFrespects, it must have occasion-
lished a very copious index, and seve- ^^ . - u • . v ,u

ral material addttions, to the first vo- - .^"^ .concerning such mistakes, the
Ivme of the history above mentioned ; Allowing very jtidicious observatioit
ajud we may judge of the eager solC ^^ ^" '^^^' ' ^^' adopting the

citude which the public manifested , ^

for the publication of his second vo- ,

hime, from the c-opy of a letter found * On the first jjubHcation of Mr.

among his papers, and addressed to I^oWs Version of Fenshta's History of

CTf. esq.-T- ^^c Mahometan Conquerors in India,

**TT 1 A ^ T\ o^ ,>.»i? many doubtful hints as to its a uthenti-

c.TLT A "g«J^-»^««t» 1^-30. 1776. city were thrown out by Dr. Johnson.

'My dear Sir, i^j, j^^^^^ ^„j ^^y^^^ contemporary

" A stone-cntter might copy all the ^^^^^^^ ^^ ^^j^j^, M,^ q^^,^ ^^^^

etters that 1 wnte m a vear; my five ^^^ ^^^^ effectual method to dispel

hnes to you by a man of war, wito«s, ^^^^ ^^^^^ ^„^ scruples, and to fc-

I fear, ihis. But when you consider f^^j ^^e work ; for hai?ing in his pas^

that no man sees my face or squeezes ^^^^^^^^ ^ ^^^ ^^ it i„^ the original

mv hand, without Ah ! Mr. Orme, p^^gj j^e deputS a ycmng gentleman,

when shall we have your second vo- ^^o then resided in his house, and was*

lame? you wdl account for the bm- ,^^.,| ^,^i„^j ;„ j^e Persian langua-e, to

pteyment of my pen, and in the smaU ^^^^j^^^ ^^ ^^ three pages of ^t for

portion of writing my health is able to their perusal, and whic^h, when com-

«Ddure, &c. &c. R. O. plclcd, fully established its authenticity.

At length, in the month of Oct* and removed the scruples of those gen-^

)^78, Mr. Orme published the seoond tl^ea. ~

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i\9 Memoirs of the hit BoBert Orme, Esq,

inistakCT of his authorities, he cannot tion must be regulated bjr tlie staie-of
justly be blamed, as there \Vas no rea- the countrv, when it amTcs in Ind'^,
5on to snspect, and he possessed not letters for 'Calcutta may be mstoriallj
the means, to detect them. They do useful. But you can judge with re-
no t tlierefbre impeach the general ac- spect to this/ better thair a person ta
curacy of his narrative, nor lessen the far distant from intelligence, When I
credit which it has so justly obtain- hear of my son's arrival at Spiihead,* I
ed.** - ^11 take the liberty of informing yoa

Soon after the publication of Mr. Ikw yonr letters may be conveyetf to
Orme's serond volume, he was fa- him. From the accounts I hare cot of
voured with the following letter from his behaviour in the regiment, I flatter
Dr. Robertson— myself that you may reconunend him

'« College of Edinliirgk, Oa\27, I778. ^^ y^V^ friends, a^ a youn- man who
tt j;)^j Si, i> it promises to act hke a gentleman.

- During the course of dus summer. ^^rc^^l ! mv dear Sir ; and bcBerc
IhavecxixxtccU from week to week, to. "1^ ^? ^» 7^^ /meeie respect, yow
hear dial you imd fixed a tin»e for set- a«^'»onate, feithfa! serrant,
ting out on your excursion to Scotland. William Kobertsojt.

1 cannot express how much J am mor- *- ^ , . •^. _i' i.-

tifiedto finil, that now there remains ^J^" Orme havmg transmjtled hrs
no hope of enjoying tlie pleasure of see- «^rk u, the pctor, we find the (kronr
ing vou here for ibis season. I flatter gratefully acknowledged m the follow-
mvbclf that this disappointment of our ^^ *^^''' which accompamed a pre-
•xpectations has not b^en cccasione4 by ^T'S*, J",'^^"!"' ^^^^ ^^^^ * Mwtoiy
, ill health. As I know how much at- °* Charles V,
tention you pay to every thing that ., n n rrj- i 2 y^ , . «^,
comes from your hand, the publication CoUfge rfEdmburgh.F^, I, l^Sl.

of your second volume encouragfss me " My dearSir,

tp nope that you have been in firm' * 'Idobelievethat no two persons, wb»
euougu health to superintend it* I have so much reciprocal good will as
(oiig, with impatience, to peruse this you and I, are less disposed to break in
%olume. This period will be still more u]X)n each other by expressing it. I
inteicsting than yonr former one. The wis^H we both possessed a Little more of
events are greater and mojre splendid, as the spirit of tne French sf avans ; and
well as productive of tnore important then our letters would be as fret^uent,
consequences. The subject becomes^ as now they are rare. To this natural
aaorc worthy of being adorned by your disinclination to writing of letters, l
pen. According to your deiiire, X hhali hope you will be kind enough to im-
Bend to yen, by the first opportunity, pute my neglecting to thank you in
the imperfect copy you gave me of the proper tune for the present of jour two
first votirme; and I will accept from volume. I perused them with gnra|
you» wiih^reai plea^uie, a copy of both eagerness and much satisfaction. 1 cao
Volumes lam tond of its being known say nothing more expressive of my cn-
to my dCv<K;endunts, that you and 1 lived the approbation, than tttat they equal
in frientJshipy with mutual esteem and the first. The contest in the second
lo\ e. part is between parties not so equally

. My son, in Lord Macleoil's uegiment, matched ; the vicissitudes nf fbrtuae
fs still in Jersey; but the corps is un- afe less sin^olar; hot wbenerer thf '
jacr orders for India,' and expected !>oon sul^ect admitted of it, your Qanntive'
at Spithrad, in oidcr to s;uL with the canies v4>uc leaders ak)iig with all that
firsx fleet. If the young man be allow- iiueresting and unwaadering attentioo
pd to vLsii London, I will direct him to which disdngniahea your modeof writ-
pay hi» respects to you ; but in case he ipg history. I incline to think that the
^lioukl not have time or permission to war of Benga^ in hooks VL and VJJ,
make that c?;cursion, I hope you will isthemQSt^oice«anMain}XHirworkju
get ready the recommendatory letters When I see you. I wiUv^tureto men*
with which YOU kiiully promised to fa- tion one or two little criticisms; for
TOTir him. I am told that .it is most where there is so much to piai^, you
^%'.vcly the regimout v;ill be stationed at c^tfi idFord something to be biaoxed. '
'^cjiibay or Madras y but as its dca^iWi- My youngist H^ft v/ffH ikvc (he Ii9^

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i



Memoirs of ihe late Relcri Orme, Esq. 51/

^UT of presentine this letter tayou. It beeo Ibrtned and polished^ like peb«
IS mv fate to be the father of akiiiitary bles Fulled in theoceao."
Sauniiy. Of three sons, two have chos^a In Boswcirs liie of Jolui^on, we
to be soldiers; the second is now in find it mentioned, that in another
Madras, and carried out your kind re- conversation, which turned upon Dr.
corainendations to some otyo'ir friends. Johnson, as. the subject of it, Mr.
The youngest goes pas I imagine, to the Orxne was heard to say, "Ido not
same place. By tiie favour of Mr. Jen- care on what subject Johnson talks* «
kinsou, and the friendship of Colonel but I love better to hear him talk^
Follcrton, I Iiave got him a lieutenant*ii than any body. He either gives ^ou
commission in the colonel's regiment, new thoughts, or a new colounng. .
Though I am unwilling to load my It is a shame to the nation, that ha
friends with my children, I cannot al- has not been more liberally rewarded^
low the young man to ^o dut unrecom- Had I been George the third, and
mended to a station whither his brother thought as lie did about America, I
carried out so many warm letters in his woykl have given Johnson 36o/. a
favour. If anvot your friends in that year, for his Taxation no Tyranny, a*
presidency can be of use to him, I have lone. *' I repeated this to Johnson^
such experience of your kindnes9,thatr (.says Mr. Boswell), who was tnucb.
know you will recommend him to their pleased with such praise, 'from such a
good offices, and will give tlie youiig man as Orme.*'
adventurer your best advice as to his con- Another time, our author observed
duct. I hope he has good sense and x)f a ceijtain French marshal, Villiers.
virtue enough to profit l^ them. I make or Saxe, or some other, who baa
no apology for the liberty I use with said, after a battle in which he lost a
you, who have accustomed roe to ex- great number of men, *'Ce n'est plus
pect what is friendly from your hands, f/u' ayant leurs gorges coupees a Paris.

" I met with an intimirte friend of "Whoever the gentlenianwa8,hedcser-
yours. General Richard Smith, at Bux- ved,that instant, to add one more to the
ton, and was much pleased with his number of deaths, which he treated
frank, vkorou^ decisive spirit. Be so with so much contempt— unless ha
goofl as S present my best compliments .was drunk**'

to him. I remember his kind invitati^in. We shall only quote one more in*
jind do expect from him a better dinner stance of the keenness and prompti« '
than any we had at the HaU. tude of Mr. Orme's mind, and of ths

'* I am ever, with real truth and a{:^ spirited force of his colloquial diction,
tachment, yonr faithful humble ser- ^eiug in a conopany, where the con« ,
vaat> versdtion allud^ to certain internal

" William Robertson.^* fortifications that were proposed to
, At tbis time Mr. Orme lived cluef-,^ raised ip England, be observed,
}y in London, and ^ent much of his that '' it was the eacles leaving their
.time in company with literary men; nests, to be defdided by magpies.
;imoiigwhoni,ii^conversedoca4ssion. ■ . !« the yw 17.81, Mr. Orme pub-
ally wWn Dr. Johnson; of whos^ hshed a third admon, still fiulher en.
wonderful powers of underbtanding, arged and improved, of the first vo-
and acute, poignant, impressive wR, lurae of hjs history, with a very ampk>
he was struclT very forcibly mth a i^}^^ ^ the history of each person or
iust. and very high sense of admiration, place aientjoned m tlie work bcin|
Talking one dTy witli Mr. Boswell. traced in chronological order, ^nd
pf the Doctor's ioume>aothe,wcstern exlubRed m one ««ccinct view. A
islands of Scotland, he thus ener- ejnular index was a^erwards intended
geticallv expressed the lively opinion ^^^ tlie second volume; a copy wa»
whichhe baa formed ofit: "It is" said prepared, and the words selected foir
he," ''a most valuable l)ook; besides the purpose; but as Mr. Onnes
t xtenshfe pliilosophical views, and ^^^^^ >^gan most sensibly to de,
.lively descriptions of society in the ^hne, be could not muster a duf.
country that it describes, it contains ^«ent stock of either courage or
thoughts, which by long revolution, stren^h to finish it.
in tfe great mUid of Johnson, We . f^' ^ concluMtu aurnaU.J

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518



Answers M ike Historical and PhUosop focal Questions*



AmWB&S TO THB RliSTORICAL AND

PHIJ^OSOPHICAL aUESTIONS.

(Continued from page 4270

QUEST. I. What are the chief
eccurrence« between the battle of Ma-
ratlion and the battle of Thermo-
pylae?

Ans. Tliis interesting period con^
tains only ten years ; but it was fiiU
of importance to the Greeks; and
living as we do, in a time when a na-
tion, possessing eight or ten times the
population of Greece, has seen an ar-
my take possession of its capital^
which does not amount to a tenth
part of the army attacking Greece, we
may express our surprise, that so dif-
ferent should be the results in the two
countries. In the whole of this pe-
riod, Persia was making astonishmg
efforts for the conquest of Greece. —
Greece was divided into a variety of
small states, and laboured under every
disadvantage in its defence. Yet
Qreece viewed with resolution and
courage the preparations made against
it. We have seen Austria b^in a
'war with France, relying upon its
owa force, and the assistance of tlie
next rrjost powerful sovereign upon
the continent, and aided by the riches
of Britain. The French, with an ar-
my -of scarcely two hundred thousand
men, in various places out of their
pwn country, rushed with the rapidity
of lightning, and seized the capital
of their enemy. The great men of,
Vienna, the lives and fortune men,
are all in surprise j they scarcely, be-
lieve 'what tliey see. The press teem-
ed with proclamations from the Aus-
trian emperor, betore this event; but
there was evidently something wanted
in the minds of the Austrian subjects,
and that something was possessed by
the Greeks, when the Persian sovereign
was threatening to sweep then^ from
pfFthe face of the earth. That sojnetJiing
the Greeks have now lost 5 and that
something it is not difficult to take
away by degrees from the bravest na-
tion that ever Jived. It is simply to
give the command of armies to men
familiarised with defeat, possessing uo
inental energy, and priding them-
selves on adventitious circumstances,
not on the (juah'ties which constitute a
true general— In the next place, let
every encouragement be given, as
was iu the Persian court, to ba^ sy-
cophants gud CQi^trflatterezi^ t9 spies



and informers — In the third place;
keep merit as much at a distanoe as
possible, and let court-influ^cebethe
only means of rising to any prefer-
ment-;-And, in the last place, let mo-
nev be all in all : let the wretch, pro-
vicled he has but money, though tbfi
money was obtained b}^ frauds on the
public treasury ; let him be made a
Sati-apj let him receive aJl the coun-
tenance which rank and honours can
give him : — ^And then, by tlie aid of
these four simple rules, any country
in the world may become, in a few



Online LibraryUnited States. Supreme CourtThe Universal magazine, Volume 4 → online text (page 94 of 108)