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' to toil and hardship. By means the open plain, after riiey liad, as above,
yery opposite to tnose which impel forced the Aastrian lines, it was im«
our naval commanders to glorious possible for the cavalry to do them
achievements, the republican govern- miury, owing to their keeping thera-
ment operated oh the French generals, selves in amass, and, consequently,

Jf a commander, as in the case of not liable to be broken in upon bf
iouchard at DuiikirK, was accused horse,
of not doing enough, he was put to In situations ofan opposite nature,
death Ijy the guiltotine ; and such a to this described, viz. in moimtaindus
terrible example macle another, of or ragged countries, where these pha-
perhaps no higher spirit or courage, lanxes could not avail, tlie French.
XooxQ rash and determined to obtain a ever fertile in expedients, exercised

signal advantage, however jarge the !_

sacrifice i^ men mkht be, • The translator of the abo^-e oh-

In everyone qf the fourteen re- serves, that -this system is entirclv
pubhcaij armies of France, there the wisest, with respect to ourselvc/
were a few of the ancient officers ; cither in oflcnsiv-c or defensive oDcra-
but they were chiefly in the artillery tions. Three or four armies, statuuiei
^d engineers. 1 heir numbers, how- in such posts as could have an easv
ever, were too small to undertikeany communicationwith each other would
complicated roancBuvre^j necessity do more against an invadinB enemv
therefore taught them a new species than twenty times their number couli
of warfare, and the promptitude and effect, by an extended line of posts In
impetuosity of a Frenchman enabled the latter case, we should be cvenr
him to execute it. The French, sen- where i/v-cak, and no\whcre stronc :
siblethat they were not qualifted to whilst, in the former, the cbllcctcd
F^ake war, upon the plans of lu- energies of the country would diftu«
fenne, Ck)nde, or the great Fredencfc^ ?trength throog^at all its posts/'

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^Oi» ^n the Armks engaged in the preseni War.

W^ vast proportion of soldiers in the character in the defence. The ftr«
duty of sharp-shooters, or, as they call mer opinion is, nevertheless, in exac^t
them, e'claireursy and rangers, which conirmity with aH that has been re-
they dei^oniinate chasseurs*. marked of the natives of France at atf

Our enemy is aware how difficult times. That circumstance should be,
it is to create a navy so as to cope with duly impressed on the jininds of those
us by sea. A seaman, qualified to com- generals whose £ite it is to be opposed
mand a ship, is not made without a to the French. Impetuositjr and im-
great deal of practice added to theorV; patience are certainly prtmiment fea-
, and that practice is not to be had with- tures in the character of the Fi^och
' out commerce ; the case is not the soldier. Moreau's conduct as a gene-
5ame with re3|3ect to a soldier. Prac- ral, like his . opinions, (£flered fi-om
-tice, joined with a certain portion of that of most ot his countrymen. HU
talent, may do without theory to form advance into, as well as his retreat
a, general. The events of a aing^le frdm« Germany, considerably reseni-
campiigii in the last war afforded as bled the ancient method of war&re z
juucn exparience to the military Tyro he imitated his master Pichegru,in ob-
as a, whole war did formerly : it is, serving more order and regularity in
t herefore, not astonishing that the pu- his plans; and if it was remarked to bim,
pili in this art, likeMoreau, displa)^. that another general gained a ^ictoiy
. ^d a seemingly precocious talent. bva different disposition, he repltea^

It has also fallen to tlie lot of the that he could not be wrong by toxlow-
French in these wars, to be assailants, ing the steps of one who lud never
in which depariment their natural cha- been beaten. These facts strongly
racter or disposition bursts out. Auge- point out the expediency, nay evea
reau and otlicr French generals of ms- the necessity, of enqiiiri'-ig into the
tinctiou, it Ls averred, have been heard character, not only oi the nation, tnit
|o say, that French troops were the bes>t of its generals, against \\hom it is the
in Europe for attack, and the worst for business of a gcucralisiimo to maka
defence: that there is no entcrprize, war.

however hazardous, tliat tliej/' will not The great causes to which the suc-
attempt, as assailants, returning again cess of the French may be ascribed,
and again to the charge, if repulsed; are dispatch in recruiting, and di^-
aud yet diat nothing can induce them patch in coniing into action. Xhe ^
to remain firm like Austrian and faculty, too, of quick discernment en*
British soldiers when attacked. Tlie Jjbles them with wonderflil celerity- to
late General Dessaix, however, and seize the oppc^rtunity of driving back
General Moreau,were of opinion, that the enemy, and falling upon him, if
their countrymen deserved a better giving way: in case of tlieir own de-

, teat, their acajstomed activity carries

"'""' "~^ them out of the reach of the victors,
♦ Here we Ukc oceasion again to Their baggage is so light, that they
rite an opinion of the translator of the execute long marches with uncom-
before mentioned work ; which is, that »«^n rapidity, aiid diereb)r astonish
the mode adopted in the county of Nor. ^^^^ confound their adversaries. TJie
Mk, with regard to sharp-shooters. French are not uncpnsaous, that the
ou^ht to be followed in every part of dispatch and impetuosjtv of which we
>lie united kingdom. In short, lie main- ",^^'« spoken, and which often arails
tarns tliat the volui>tecra shoukl be ^^^ f victoiy, or preserves them
nothing ckc, leaving n^gular tacjJcs to Y^^ fiirther disaster, raaj nevcrthe-
thc line. Now, though weagrec with this ^^ expose tliem in certam situationg
i^-riier so far on this point, we do not go to entire destruction. To guard agamst
withhiin in his ideas upon the subject this possible e\il, it h^s been their con-
of increasing tli£ line, bv all posslbfe stant rule to have a body of rehire,
wavs. In his sug^^estion of making headed by a cool and expenenced offi,
this an armed najiiou, like France, he ce^ as a counteq>oise to their rash-
evavs, «*Perhaj)stheexncnccofastand- ness- This they are the better e^-
inaaruiy would bc.leasburthensome to a bled to obtain, as they do not form
the oount-v. than the multiplicity of -exti^nded hncs, but concentrate tbeur
leirislaiivc Inrumbrances, under the ^'^^'P ^t the points of attack. Th^
\ksk.ofacon-iutution;' battle of Warengo, aud the.battlc*

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PriUfs Harvest Home. 53 1

lately fought by Buonaparte in his re- In our next we will aninnadr6rt on

cent march to Vienna, are sufficiently the conduct of the powers which

Illustrative of these facts and reason- have waged so unsuccessful a war on

"Ing. the French.

ORIGINAL CRITICISMfor DECEMBER,iB05.

*' NulU negabimus, nulti difiereinusjustkiam.**

Art. L Harvest Home: contain- give a consequence to trifles which

ing: Supplementary Gkanings, tires and disgusts. We cannot suffi-

Original Dramas and Poems, Con- ciently decry the method of swellinj^

tributions of Literary Friends, and every trivial circumstance, equally

select Republications', 'including Sijm- uninteresting and uneotertaining ;

. pathy, a Poem, revised, corrected, Mr. P." certainly has been guiky of the

and'enlars^ed.from the Eighth Edi- fact of book-making, and has made

tion. By Mr. Pratt. 3 Tbls. tivo. use of the interest he formerly pos-

1/. Ms. 6d. Boards. R. Phillips, sessed with part t>f the world, to

• 1805. F^^"^ ^^^^® ^^^^ volumes tipon the

public, one of which consists almost
FROM the singular title prefixed entirely of the associated contributiona
to this work, we arc led to suspect it ot his friends.
«K a kind of farewell to the public : Mr. P. in these additional glean-
^which, considering the kindness and ings, consequentially calls them the
partiality which has in general been Hampslnre and Warwickshire sta-
«hewn to Mr. Pratt, carries an air. of tious, which are certainly as sttong
melancholy along with it. Although contrasts as could be found ; the one
*we object to the propriety of the title, consibting of all the beautithl scenes
in as much as gleanings are always of nature about tlie New-Forert and
subsequent to the housing the cropj its environs, together vith a view
however, we cannot but congratulate of the state of society, anJ the other,
Mr. P. upon his having got to the end of Birmingham 'and its manufactures.




certainly carries with it great repec- ble life, in which fie is often siu-
tability ; his efforts have oeen alwa^js gularly happy in his descriptions, and
directed by philanthropy, and their shews the real benevolence of liis
object has been invariably tlie cause heart. In the developement of those
m virtue and benevolence: where- scenes, we meet with severe uiisfor-
•cver he gpes, he endeavours to col- tune, and we cannot help couhidcr-
lect someflnng for the general benefit ing, with sorrow, the numberless
of society ; something for the bustle poor, who are, in these kird times,
of life, as well as to amuse the hour of from an accumulation of debt, about
solitude, or soften the ennui of re- to be thrown on the parish, wli<:n a

* tircment. With all these encourag- trifle miglit save them,
ingrecoraraendations, we cannot grant After a description of Southamp-
tliHtdaim to literarv merit, which he ton, in which he is very minute, he
has by some oeen tnought to possess ; takes the reacicr through the surround-
his rank in the republic of letters be- ing countr}', which he variegates, of
ing, in our opinion, very low ; nor do usual, by several pleasing and interejit-
we think, tliattne present production ing relations.

will add any tiling to his reputation. we cannot forbear, in evidcr.cc

We are not to look at them in any of tlie remarks we have made above,

other Ijght than a mixum gatherum, giving his account ot the family of

' a stbre-rgoni, where the elfusions of Foncfcr, in a vale in ihe.New I'orcst,

• any one arc welcome, till the wliole called IvIorEan's-Bottom. It is in 9
" shall swell to an amount sufficiently letter dated Woodlands, Oct. j), 1 bOi«
. considerable. Tn his own works, he is It is a proof that the apj^Jication of a

manifestly diffuse : he swells the least trifle, well bestowed, nJA}' sa\e th»\
triHe to a- tedious length, and, with a virtuous from misery, au4 render tie
foutpcus toleiD&ity^i endeavoun to abode of sorrow the dwelli'ig of

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68i Jhratfs fiarvesi Hornet

cx>ntent and happiness. ^ We under- ideas, on a first sight of the preiot^.
ftand^ that a laay of rank and for- " But I am sure yoa feel youniJt
tune has contributed to rescue Fon- sufficiently interested to take a neater
der froih his necessities, and render view. Imagine yourself, then, on the
him happy. We conclude, it must green sumnpit, where it is placed, as \i
be from tue narrative of Mr. P. ought to be from its superior beauty,

• **AboiittKtce miles short of Dowton, abmc its fellows ; yet, though it o^er-
we arrive at Rudbridge Cbxxtmon,* mid- looks, it seems to smile on thexn aD.
irav, on which your eye is attracted by Verdure, of different kinds^ and of an-
a little nest of cots to the left, of which fading character, encompasses it round
•jou bnly see the thatchea roofs, and about. Each side is covered with lao-
these aire so encanopied by orchard and rels, that flourish e\-en to the roof; and
garden trees, that you have rather stolen that roof Is so well thaU^hej, that nut
glances than full views. Some discover an irregular straw dcfbnns its invitrng
themselves half covered by foliage, others softness. The centre Is rounded into
shew only the gable end, and one or an arch of yew, which affords at once
two are surroundeti by verdure althoat a porch and alcove. The casements
to tlie chimney tops. are of the true cottage size and con-

" i had been nearly exhausted by the struction : the body of the building tl
extent of h^th ground, which, to use t>f the true cottage clay, of which how4
tny beloved GoId*imith*s expressions^ ever y6u only see small patches, as if by
ever the happiest and the best, seemed stealth, through the uUer-twistgre of t^
* Immeasumbly sp-read,- laurel «i/rflt«ri. A little gardeiide-

' , , , ^ ,. ♦, . _, . coratesthefrontjafcttdcshpof orchaid
and terigtheried as I rode. I had rfiore ground nins to some Icnzth on one side;




iipactc^
^ , . . ,. , . quickset in iu fence. The whole has

powerful in me than thd strength she been gnulually and imperceptibly, or, \4
allowed to explore hcr beauties. But speak more true, purloined from the
the sudden prospect of these smgularly common; as, indeed,* has- the entile
placed cottages,which rise on your View cottagery, bi^ Iw bit, insomuch that
Without the least preparation, gave me we might fairly sav, the peasants and,
new life, and I willingly followed the the proprietore, lite opposed armies,
lead of my fncnd, who w-as winding 'have disputed and maintained their
down the slope, that m a few minutes ground inch bv inch : and when anr
brought us to a nearer view df the spot: new territory, Which thev added to thetf
rt increased m interest as we approached, casdes, (cot and castle are the same
The knot of building consisted of about things in Englknd) has been reclaimed
twenty cottages, to each of which wd^ by one party, the other has watched his
attached a warden and oi-dhard; but so apportunity to get it back with some
absolutely p accd m a vetdant nook, out advantages j till the right of possession,
of the bustle of town, and eveh of the no longer contended for, is considered
countty. that nothing but a curious as a good, at least a sufficient tide, and
and inquisiuve traveOcr would have on such tenure eiijoyed if not «U
deemed it worth while to have turned mitted.

his horse's head or his o>vn towards u pj^j ^ur curiosity on the ouuide
Morgan's vale or bottom ; at least, tdl excited a no less d4tte of curiosity
attention was commanded by one par- ^^ithin. The inhabitants of the cottasje
tJcular building situated on the brow now came into tlie garden—all femiSL
of the slope. Ihis my fncnd lomed me and of all ages, from the Rrondame k>
in pronouncing the very model of a true the latest bom. The mSter of the
cottage, giving the full meaning of that niansioa was at his labours in the fo^
modeU word, and no more. It is equally ^gst "*

-distinct, on the one hand, from an air' a dialogue ensues, by which we
of meanness and poverty And of the are given to understand that the *-
less pirdonablc one. of affected simpU- ^,\^ of Fonder had Uved there f^
city and pride abasmg itself only to be four and tv €nty years. Onr aathor^
exalted, on the other. Simphciiy seems a little lijrther, thus proceeds :
to have been its architect, and content *. On mv letiim. hSweter, kom ti*
itt inmate : such, at ka*t, were my fair, aiy i^U^W. olfvOci^ ib^ yyw^

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PratVs ttarvest thml



S§3



mort^ (ban half ivay, t6 ,8top as W
|Kkssed the plain, at the g&te of the in-
teresting cottage. The evemno; sun
gave a softer gloss to the laurel^ and
made the deep verdure of the yew,
twined round the casement, look less
sombrous, while every pane in the win-
dotrs sparkled in the western wav. The
cottage cat sat ruminating on tde .alee
of the well ; but the cottage door, whicn
I tried to open, was made fast. Pire-
sebtly a man of athletic form, but some-
what bent by time and labour, came
from the orchard part of the premises,
and respectfully bowed as he advanced
to the gate. I related the adventure of
the morning, of which I found him
ignorant ; and he informed us, that his
dame and family, old and young, were
gone to the fair. We repeated our ad-
miration of his cottage, and of hb in-
genuity in giving it so many attrac-
tions.''

It may be best again to have re-
course to tlie colloquial style.

*• Yes, I did it mostly after tvork
hours. Will you "be pleased, gcntle-
cnen, to look within?"

•' Strong and good, master Fonder;
"V^arm and snug."

** Very, Sir, and as dry as a bpne."

** Ana full 6f comforts, I see, both
above and below. A good Hampshire
fiitch or two, and some well looking
barrels on their supporters."

" Yes, thank God, Sir, not amiss
now. A good wife as ever man had,
«nd children likewise, and not much
taxing. But I dmibt P must let my
cottage go, after alU Some hard years,
children' growing up, and who want
more than they did."

"Sell your cottage!"

** It is a Httle in^mortgage already.
I qould not help it. The gentleman at
the red house lent twentj' pounds on it,
and very kindly gave hopes I might keep
it in my own hands. 1 he miller let me
have another ten. So I kept rubbing
on ; but I was forced to go to my friends
and tell them, it did not signify trying,
for 1 found I could not pay, therefore
thought 1 had .better give up. . But the
^^iller was against this ; bid me not be
a6wn hearted, but consid^ I ha^ chil-
dren who miriit, by and by, help me
•il.t, as I badhelped them, and would
net hear of my selling my cottaae out-
right. But 1 doubt I must, after all.
I shifll feel sad and strange at it *, for I
built and smartened it myself: wc bsiT»
'Vol, JV^



all got used to It ; an J I can*t expect at
any time to eet such another."

"That, uioushtl, you never can,
poor fellow, for 1 do not believe there
xs, at dl points, such another in Eng-
land. I nastily put into the old man^d
hand the trifling fairings I had bought
for the children j my friend gave some-
thmg more worthy of his acceptance;
and we left the spot with less chearful
feelings than we had sought it.

"Just as we were losing sight of
the cottage, and its connecting nuts,, I
turned my head involuntarily. , The
e\'ening continued lovely beyond the
power of describing its variety of charms.
There was certainly nothing in the ima-
gery of the heavens above j or of the
earth beneath, to render the prospect
less exhilarating. The parting beams
of the sun were yet. playing on the cot-
tape of laurel and yew ; and .the sum *-
mits of the roofs of the delightful ha-
bitations were burnished with a ray yet
more golden ^ the surrounditi^ foliage'
partook of the tinee; and the mterme-
diate heath-ground was rich in those
colourings wnich, when the most mag-
nificent orb of heaven i^ about to set;
paints every object so exquisitely. W^ith
all this, however, there vas an inter-
cepting heavy cloud cast between thtf
corporeal ana the mental eye, which
made the whole scene appear the ref
verse of what it had been.

" We recrossed the barren part ot
the way with unusual speed, and in un-
wonted silence. At length I could i^ot
help observing to my companion, that
the idea of the jx>or woodman's neces-
sity to sell his tittle paradise, actually
haunted me ! Yielding to this emotion ,
I exclaimed — *• How many hundreds
will this very nicht throw away, in one
idleness or another, partly for want of
better objects being within view, morel
than enough to redeem that honest crea^
ture'smqrsel of property — for an honest
cre;iturc I find he is— and thereby place
his cottage, and all it inherits, on tfie most
solid foundation 1 Nay, how many are
there who, if they were lAade acquainted
with the circumstances, and were con^
virtced of Uie great good . that iiiight b^
done with a very little, would be nappy
to direct the streams of their bounty
into so proper a channel.'* But, I will
admit that the account has tin air of ro«
manCc ; and therefore, xpany will con«
chide tl>at points not nalEtiPally attached
to the olMfctt tev« bcin firmed iaiM

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5s4 ^rdtt's HofTftst Hhvte.

»ctYicc, purposelv to increase the inte- tions of bis judicious ccore^penikn^
rest of the narrative. Of making such Mr. Morfitt. For, if we considers
cvcatSrho\ve\er inductile, bend to the short time, M'e must be forced t»
purpose pte-detcrmiucd on, certain read- confess, tliat iltJ^ugh the town of ^
ersareapt to accuse authors ; and no- Birmingham may aitbrd to the con- *
tiling is more conmiou than to discredit templalflon of the spectat^, superii-
whaiweare resolved to think exagge- ciallyr a view highly gratifying j when-
Kited, la what a variety of instances we coasides the degree of ingenuity,
couW I exemplify this opinion, and and the naagnilicence of art, yet, on
provtf its fallacy I 'Bi*t, keeping to the fhe other hand, to the mind of the
o))jects just dclineaited, I have a stronger pliilosopher the splendor of BirmiDg*
BQotlve than my own justification for nam will fail c®usiderably iu its at-
wiJiiag sncli as are going into this tract tractions.. There is no town In tfa$
of country, to make a visit to* John universe, in which there is so muck
Fonder arwi his family ;-and if thev find elegance and lustre of execution, and-
tliem, as they ujidoubtedly will do, so much ingenuity, as in Birming*
.such as I have painted them', O ! what ham ; and the inhabitants of LiMidoa.
soAil-exhilarating opportunity will they are frequently imposed upon, in sei-
Tiave to SAVE the labourer and all his ling as town-made, what are actually
little household, by appropriating to his fabricated in that emporium of artilke
;iederapiiau half the sum a man of for- and deception. Our country sportb-
time gives fibr a liorse^ or a woman of men* will probably not be pleased to
fashion for a trinket. And if, on the learn, that the so much prized fowl-
contrary, they do 110^ find the people, ing pieces, which hear lite London
whose cause I advocate, deserving mark, are positively made in Birming-
rcscue — descn-in^ a prop to the dialling haui« To this hinfc is subjoined, aa
cottage^ they will, at any rate, be gra- account of a manuficture of guns^
tified by secW a most exquisite groupe very dieap', wliich, the author says^
of the best and sweetest objects nature are designed for faF^ different pur-
kas ^ produce; iujd inasmuch as the poses, than the shooting of game,
facts fall short of the description, will " You will smile, when I inform yo»
have sutEcient reason to accuse the de- diat giflis, aye, and good looking ooes
scriber." ' too, are made here for 7*- 6rf. eacK.

Of SUC& a BOtiira arp tBe descrip- These, though formidable in. appear-
fions ©f Mr. Pratt ; eternally diftiise, ance, have tw6 small defects *,. the fint
•fiometiiues wrtliout interest, -otten is, that not being bored^ except about
tedious and desultory. Where he an inch or two ^oat the muzzle, they
ypt the word^ inierttvisiitre we are at cannot be supposed to shoot vciy true ;
a lv'>s8 to determine. The preceding and dae second is, tliat not being prov-
narrative shews, however, how much ed, they cannot shoot at all. I beg
modest indigence is to be sought for, jmrdon ; they certainly undergo som«
and how inhnitely preferable it would son of proof,*^ })ut not by powder, {for
be to give the mite of charity to vir- tliat would be too rough usage), butbv
tuous and struggling poverty, than to water, which if they ane capable of hold-
advenlitioQS application ! ing;vvithout permitting it to oozt throogk

We must, from the limits we have their pores, they are sufficiently (^ualitoi
prescribed to ourselves, pass over the to dischai^ their duty ; which is not to
rest of his station of Hampsliire, and shed the blood of man or beast, but v^
proceed with him to Birmingliam, decorate the habitation of souie negre
.vhich Mr. Eurke fenciiully calls the chicftian. Yet these instruments, though
'J. toyshop of Europe ;'' and which harmless, and innocent (except to tlie
ttan<]s foremost in tue Wanvick&liire luckless wight wjbo should load and
fetaiinr.. fire them},, vould We considered as

1 he \:ȣ4-ninous effects of a manu- guilty by the friends of humanity , as
fiicturlug town,' on tlie morals and Uieyaie indisputably employed in ch«
habits of a [xople, are too generalty nefarious African^ traffic, and barteie4
acknowledged. to requirie illustration; fior hui»an flesh aid blood."
and, as sucV mu'rt seriously affect the Mr» Boltouls manufactorr obtaiiu
philantl)ro|ly of our author, who we ample notice^ and die whole review
rind doe-^ 1 wc |iermit himself to be led of 6irmirtgham is closed, with a com-
awafy, by the faVci]r4ble r&presenta- prehensive moral sketch of thepre-

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hralPs Harvest Home. 535

- -«tirt: slate of artists, as It relates .to nsiassea, and seems to tmdeigo « kind

tlieir: personal and domestic fitate. of termentation, which «ublinaes it to



Online LibraryUnited States. Supreme CourtThe Universal magazine, Volume 4 → online text (page 97 of 108)