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i Txx this^b3traslo Mr. P. proceeds, with a degree of maJiginity, not to be -ex*

tlie araiableness of )iis character, to cee<fed in Hell."

. j&xamine the artisan m iiis private and Such are the spacimeus we ksve

' domestic character, contrasting the tliought iit to give of the gleanu)gs»

disposition of ditierent parties visiting whicK (tf ^w except die occasional

^JnajiufactDry, some -of which he says^ affectation of pathetic writings and

'. |t Are so engaged iu particular en- other invasions of good composition)^

^l^iiiry or inspeotion, or absorbed in ge- flffe cei:^nly given in a ;nanner equally

— «ieraiadinirai'on, that they have ;icit,ber novel and entertaining^ and had //f#

power' nor -incFi nation to go into ihe gieaner been conlcnt wliJi that share

<lfetaii of moral effects. They obsene of praise ^vhich is unquestionably

e\er\' t^ye intent, and every baod >>usv# due to Iwnv, he would not have sub^^

•on its appropriate object / jthcv se,c the jeoted hunsclf Jbo tlie cei;.'»iirp, whicb

•most exact order, and a simplici.iy of we caiuiot but bestow on l>im for his

••rrangenient, in the most c^ij)lex eiu-|ueDt voiumjes.

Alov-nient ; and they view the won- Three dramas ^oojipose tlie second

ierlul processes of a' pin, a button, a vol-ume of tills pondjerous worjcj the

skcrn of thread, or of silk, from its first of which is Haii Fel/vrrI IFeft

dark and nide stale of the raw material, viei, in five acts. This cOmedy is said

to its ultimate polisk and perfection* to have l>een ]^rform.ed on the conti-r

Having gained xhis point, thejj retire nent some years sgo, but by soipe

well gratified ; ;^nd the impression left fatality. It is not tliought necessary tp

on their miqds, is veiy seldom d;inin- inform us, where >ye hope (pr the re^

ished by asxy lof those less pleasing re- , pufation of the piece tliat it, was per-

searches yrhich lie remote firou^ these formed before persons, who were

shew^-shops, or warehoyases^ sniarting from the excesses of th^

•* It is reserved for other examiners French, a« we cannot imagine that

to follow the artizan from the spiudle, any audience, (liowevev patient other^

die w;hcel and the sbuttjc ; f/rom the wise) could have endured a represenr

, anvil, the hammer and the forge ; from tation, the bare transcript of whicl^
tlie jcompass and t3\e rule ; the varnish occupies above 200 pages. It is in-
arid the painting pot ; to his place of tended to ridicule the French system,
refircment and vacivtipn, to his house, and to shew the absurdity as well as
bis lodging, his public meetings, and impossibility of puttihg in practice th^
hk private iauats. It is the business much boasted etpiality which they set
4)f a philosophic^ observer, :to Icayje the bi^ vith at th^* Jjegin^hi^ Of the r«u
scene of art wi^^i the artisan, and' with volution. There is not asiugie strong
silent, but serigus stpps^ wbateyej be drawn character in the wiiole piece,
the age, or the sex, to pursue the arti- "An English baronet beeoines ena-
san to his Jas.t retreats, 50 fax ^s tljey njoured of the ftvstem of equality, and
ieau be penetrated, or e^fijplored ; Jth^nce perceives at U&t ^at Ke capuot jet any
to look ^.t hiuaasa citizen, axjeighbour, thing ftom his aer^'ants ip his owa
a friead. 4 scrvajit, qr a wife; a hus- house. He is nearly ruined in conse*
band, a child, parect^ or hun^an being, quence of his viig^nes, and he at last ,
The accessible nianufacjtprv is but a perceives the (plly of his opinions." Of
public exhibition of its local inhabitants, «uch a plot has the aut|[ior iwixh a de*
where laws and duties are obeyed, or en- greeofperse>'erance which must claim
forced, Bui, toobtak) an estimate of the our astot^ishment) labour^ throngJi
cQud'uct, character, iKippiijess^ or mis- five Jong acts, wl)ich ^re fiU^ full of
ery oi' those inhabitants, must be ex hi- the most- commoij-place observations
bited at their several homes, or in their and attempts sit hiuwour, wh\ph we
desertion from home.*' mu^t acknowledge to be liquid iauda-
To ibis he adds a quotation frorii the num to us. The dialogue is cJuJl and
*' History of Whalley/* in which he heavy, and the whole wears an apl ■
pronounces with dreadful energy, pearance of carifa/«ra, which might
f* That in great manufactories, Ku- do very weU in a picture, but i^ H^^*
man corruption accumulates in large rable in reprcsentatioft,

3 2*

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f* SegDitia irritat animos dimissa per

*' Quam quae sunt occulis subjecta fi-


The next piece is entitled Lnve's
Triah, or the Triumph of Constancy,
a Comic Opera, which is taken from
an ancient ballad, the *' Nut-brown
Maid," and is an attempt to drama-
tize as well as mend an inimitable
poem. With this is interwoven a se-
condary plot, railed '* Argentile and
Cinan,** published in " Percy's Relics
of Ancient Poetry :** the songs of
which are miserable beyond expres-
sion ; the serious and cpmic, we may
wy, have changed places. The third
dnima, which this volume contains,
is described by tlie author, as " Writ-
ten partly on the model oflaugh-and-
be-merry, hurry-scurrv, slap-dash,**
and, it might be properly enough add-
ed, helter-skelter, harum-scarum kind
of farce and pantomine comedy,
which has been so much the rage,

' and partly in the style of the old school
of the English theatre. You would
expect to be convulsed with laughter,
gentle reader, at this compoj^jtion of
drollery } Nothing farther h-om it,
We can assure you , we do not a little
envy you, who can throw down the
book upon being tired, and commi-
serate ourselves, who are obliged to
Wade Jhrough such unentertaining

. dullness.

-*• Occidit miseros crambe rcpctita m^

The third volume is a kind of med-
Jey, an Ms podrida of poetry, com-
posed of all the compositions which
lis friend$ have* thought proper to
contribute to Mr. Pratt for the' pur-
|K)se of making another book. This
M/eighty production opens its unwiel-
fiy mass with a poem called the Phyr



( Concludidfrom page 440 of our last.)
WE have already taken notice of the
king's Ub|»ry in our preceding niimbers j
thisji^s s^ permanent fund or revenue of
5,0(X)"ri'x dollars, intc^nded to perpetu-
ate the coUectioli of works ; it has been
enriched with two magnificent sets of
estatipes. Itniay well be thought that

sician, which is certainly new ia the
annals of poetry, but we cannot per-
ceive, that, although Apc^io wras the
God of physic as well as poetry, that
he has condescended, in this instance,
to mingle apy portion of his poetic
spirit and fire. It is written to cele-
brate a particular friend of the au-
thor*s; and, among others,^ the names
of Fafquhar, Letsom, and Bree are
mentioned, in very dull strains in-
deed. In this collection^ Mr, P. bringf
to our mind the conversation a poet
had with Boileau, where the latter
was observing, that a person was
seldom pleas^ with his own per-
formances. It is quite the contrary
with roe, replied the other, for \
have been always particularly pleased
with every verse that I ever made. '
Then, returned the other, with equi-
vocal readiness, you are the only
poet that ever -was. Mr. P. thinks
that all the rhymes (we will not blas-

Eheme the word poetry) which he
as put together upon every tri\ial
su'bject. (viz. *' to a child eight year*
old" with many others equaDy unin-
teresting) are fit objects for public at-
tention, and he not only has recourse
to the puerile triflings of his own
brain, but he must thrust forward the
effusions of others, and condescend
to be the publisher, of what thcr
themselves would be ashamed of.
We do not mean to speak this wsw
of all the eleemosynary gratuities witn
which our author is furnished, fiir
there are some very pleasing ; but w^
regret the want of taste, which ccwlj
induce hiix} to insert the three pieces
of Dr. Walcot J which if genuine are
a melancholy proof of a genie epuise.
The republished poem of Sympathy
is improved and flirnished with on-
merous notes and illustrations. There
are some few errors which must be

in a city so replenished with learned
men, and where the culiure of foreiga
languages is more attended to than per-
haps any where else, we may expect, (iis
we may with reason) a number of goo^
libraries of individuals, cabinets or cham-
bers for reading, and societies that sub-
scribe for almost all the liew works and
journals published in Europe.
The imiseiun or cabinet of curiositiei

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has lon^ eirjoyed a verygreat reputation, dividiials are too insignificant to merit
irhich It still merits, by the great num- honourable mention ; although we
ber of valuable articles whereof it is the sometimes find very interesting mor-
depositary; of course, it is frequently vi- ceaux, less, however, consistmg of
sited by parties of foreigners, and re- paintings tiian of portraits, the taste for
ceives the eulogiums of the amateurs ; which i9 much more general. .
there are, moreover, se\'eral valuable col- The king's library contains more than
lections of curious objects or articles in 80,000 engravings, as, likewise, a su-
the possession of individuals, and which perb collection of paintings in flow^-rs
there is reason- to believe will shortly and in fruits, painted on jiarcliment :
form' by their union, with the king's monuments of the industry of the last
cabinet, a public or national museum, age.

Would the reader further wish to ac- We find at Copenhagen two eques-
quire a general but accurate idea of the trian statues ; one of them decorates the
stock of literature that flourishes in Co- grand place of the new town, and re-
penhagen, it may be sufiicient to ob- presents Frederick V. It is superb, and
serve' that there are at this time, 17 or is the work of'Saly, who himself drew
18 printing presses, nearly the same up the inscription upon it in French,
number of booksellers, about a score of 1 ne author of this Lsquisse or Descrip-
joumals, and almost as many gazettes tive, Sketch of Copenhagen, informs us,
and periodical papers. that he recollects liaving seen the said

Notwithstandmg all the eflTorts of go- Colussus transported from the work-
▼emment in order to encourage the tine shop to the place where it is elevated ;
arts; notwithstanding the ancient and and he avows that a person must have
- admirable establishment of the academy been witness to a similar spectacle, in
of painting and sculpture, it must be order to form an idea of what may be
granted^ tliat, with the exception of effected, by the help of machines and of
music, it is not at Copenhagen that we the labours of men directed by genius,
must look for amateurs and real con- It was, he says, a most imposing an4
noisseufs. It should seem that, in ge- majestic coup (Tail.
neral, the less temperate climates of tne At a small distance from the city, we
North refuse paying homage to the find a very beautiful obelisk, erected to
arts of painting and sculpture. From the memory of the abolition of the rights
Dresden to Petfetsburgh, they are re- of glebe. (See No. v. page 76, of Le
duced, as it were, to a state of mere ve- Kord, &c.) One of the most curious
getation. Sweden, indeed, may justly edifices is the Observatory or the lionnd
boast of her S^^f^; Copenhagen, may. Tower, complealed in tne year J 6564
likewise, lay claim to some celebrated according to the plan of the celebrated
artists, as well as Petersburgh; but these Longomontanus ; its altitude is 150
are phenomena which we may' properly feet, and its width in the diameter is 60.
compare to planets environed with two The reader may fi^re to himself an
' or three satellites only, and which are <jc<z/2>r or staircase wmdlng snail-fashion,
too easily confounded with an Ihfini- and forming an ascent gentle and insen-
tude of ordinary stars, v I'liereis, how- slble, without any steps, and supi^rted,
ever, an injunction laid upon all per- on one side, by a column of stone, and
sons whose trade or employment re- on the other, by a wall of the tower,
quires the knowled^ of design, to send This construction is so solid, and the
regularly their pupils 10 attend the lee- declivity is managed with so much ad-
tures ot the academy. No, person is dress, that examples have been known
even allowed to commence his master- of persons having mounted it, in ^
ship in the business of an artist, who voiture or carriage.
has not, previously^ submitted to the Of the beautiful church of Frederick,
examination of the academy a design begun according to the plan of Jardin.
from some original, together with the the third part, is i?ot yet finished — will
original itself, requisite for the reception this bulletin^ ever be so ? — ^This is a
of these persons into the academy. The problem which we shall not undertake
last solemn exl)ibition of paintings took to resolve, but we 9iay safely pronounce
place in the year 1795 ; the reader may that if it ever be compleatcd, it will be
consult the details of this, in No. 3, ot on a plan infinitely less sumptuous, and
Lfi NoRD, &c. by the Professor Oliva- consequently less magnificent ; if must
R.ius, of l^eL The ffoUecti$|Qa of ia- be s^^owed that the sumptuosity of thif

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tmildlne form^ too striking a contract
ivith tnc modemte resources of the

.In order to acquire an ^idei -of the
commerce of Copenhagen, it may ^be
fiecensary to notice, thai in the year
J7OH, there 'were ZSS vcsecls carrying
^(%163lasts of commerce, and navigat-
ing in all prts of the world. In the
year 1745, there were only reckoned
103 — and the number of these vessels
has boen always augmenting progres-
sively. In the first year, there entered into
4he port, 5<)94 ships, of which 2^0*CJ
were of difierent foreign ports ;^ ^,4gO
from Danish ports j 414 from Norway ;
i> 12 from the two Duchies, and g2
irom the East aad West Indies. From
the year 1797 to 17pj)» i^pwards of 40
-vessels were sent to IcelaMa, every year.
]lowcver advantageous ttlfts commerce
ahay appear to Denmark, it would,
4loubtless, be much more so, if it was
«ot all concentred in (he capital, which
attracting all the kinds of industry to its
locus, prevents the exertions of the same
•n the provinces and subjects the latter
to a languor fatd to the genera] prospe-
^ty. Among the different manufac-
tures which vegetate or which flonrish
in this city, we shall only cite ftie su^
fcxb fabric, of porcelain, tut whicli, as
feeing directed at the chargcsof govern-
ment, costs it tmimally a pretty consi-
ikrahle sum.

As to the mechanicd occupations,
4t is not here that^ they offer subject
anatter ofeuloginm ; the ckllfiilness of
our artisans, says ,the author, .does not
meiii to be mentioned. The estabHsh-
xncut of corporations, forming a long
and fatiil chain, whidh 'Cirtcnds from
the extremity of the empire, very f^ir
into the North, places unceasing crosta-
clcs to the progress elf industry* ; h is,
nevertheless, C openhagen which -now
give*, the example of the means to be
<emp!oyetl, in order to destroy this
monstrous proSucticm of the ages of ig-
norance — and w^ are now 'bordering
upon the crisis, when after having regu-
lated the interests of the poor, Cncctiial
measures are intended to be taken, tatU
culated to fai'our the developement and
perfection of talents. A particitlar s<v-
cleiy has been authorized to execute the
plan which may conduct to so desirab&e
an end.

A grand president, two burgo-tnas-
tars, two vice-burgo-masters, six sena-'
iQxsy six vic« saiUtcors, thirty two deans.

besides the lieutenant general of poTtce»
and his coniniissaries, compose the cor-
poration of the city and the muoicipali-
ty. The privileces of the city, wliich are
pretty consideraole, date from the year
\ti6\ ; tTiey were granted to it, in re-
compence for the courage which the
burgesses displayed against the S^\'cdes,
who besieged them, and for the zeal
which they displayed for tbe indeBoite.
increase of the ro)^r authority. Dunne
the last twenty years, the education ot
children has been carefully attended to s
and^eventhe ancient pecuniary isstitu*
tlons have been superintended* iB a more
luminous manner, analogous to the en*
liglitened age ; particular societies have
established a iiuinber of very consider-
able schools, \vhere the arts and the
sciences are taught gratis, from the first
elements to the most profound acqaire-
ments. llie Latm school itself has late-,
ly undergone some useful reforms, and
which have been a long time wished
for. Besides the military schools* for
the pupils of .the marine and the cadets
of the land troops, there is, moreover, a
royal school of artillery, where young
persons learn all that respects both the
theory and practice of this art ; In these
schools the Latin and the Krench are
taught. There is even a Danish school
where the Jews learn reading, writing'
and arithmetic.

The city has'been honoured, for these
ten years past, with an esiablishment,
to which we can hardly Bbd a parallel*
unless in some parts of Germany — this
is a school to form vlnstitntors or iiH>
stractors for country schools. The num-
ber of pupils that have proceeded fjrom
it orar: now in it, amounts to 115.—
Thf sjB apprentice-preceptors are taught
and boarded, for .a price extreinely mo«
derate. Another establishment is how
about to be fonped^ intended to convey
similar tnstruction to sudh .as may k
destined to .fill the situation of masters
in the La^tin schools. The olan of ibis
last institution has been lately approved
of by the king.

As to the state of manners and soti-
ety, we may safely refer to the testimo-
•ly of Mr. Ram^phr. ^* In -order Ki
form acquaintances,** says this judicious
writer, " no regard is had to blood or
birth. We may select a circle at bur
option, without consulting any thing
hut our connections and our taste. Of
course, societies are so much intern>inr
f^, it^t even in tfaoae which anl^

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Mem to compose pexsons of the court, of arnis< of Count SchiXbinelinann, near
we tasiy aJways meet merchants, liieo of thU lastcity and the. foundry of artillery,
letters, artists, and t'icf versa. The lines belonging to the prince of Hc^se : these'
of demarcation between . the different situations ^re superb and delicious.
states or orders, are very slightly mark- And lastly, would the stranger var^,
ed. I have seen ministers of state form all at once nis prospects, and extend
• a party with artists, and their ladles with his view to a soil, to manners and usages*
the widow of an apothecary. Freguently totally dill'erent> let him repair to ' the
the brother-in-law of a chamberlain, is Isle of Amag, which communicates
nothing but a simple secretary— and the with the cltj by a. bridge, and whereof
wife Ota marecbal of the court repairs, a small part is incorporated with, the city
^most every day, to the house of a itself. This island^ which 13 several
theologian or pastor. But when once leagues in perimeter, exhibits a perfecc
a little out of the eity ^es — and we ex- and level champaign, osaamented- with
pect to find the vicinity peopled with only two or three small bosquets or
small inns and ginguettes ; in fact, groves^ and forming, so to speak> an
they are pretty numerous ; without be- extensive kitchen-garden, which furr-
ing eithei iililiy or iacommodlous, tliey nishcs Copenhagen with leguminous
•do not exhibit the same gaiety nor the plants, and likewise, some beautiful
same convenience as we are accustomed meadows that yield milk to the city»
to find, in the environs of several other llie Islxmdera of Ara^ ace the descea-
large cities ; but in requital for this, dams pf certain. Bataviau families whtk
vre see a number of beautiful country established themselves here, in the ba-
houses, where foreigners are sure to be ginng of the l6th century; the indivw
the more welcome, in as much as the duals who inhabit the couutry parts of
inhabitants of the metropolis, who are it, although almost at the ^ates of the '
very much given to hospitality, in gene- city, have preseoxd their ancient habits^,
ral, are not u»acquainted witli the their peculiar maimers, and even in some
foreign bnguages ; for it ought to be ob- villages, considerable remains of their
served here, that it is not necessary for a language, withouti however,, possessing^
foEeigner to speak the language of the all that industry and all that ccconoai.^
country,' in order to enjoy the sweets of which so advantageously distinguisheji
social intercourse 5 it is sufficient, if he their ancestors. ,

^an ex])rcss his sentiments in l'*rench or —

German. volatllb salts.

The king has sevejul magnificent IT appears that some volatile sak#
chateaux or palaces. Fredecic^sbourg, were lately found in the water of the
situated about a l^gue &om Copenha- pump of the Hotel-Dieu at Nantes, in
gen, is remarkable for its beautiful France, in consequence of which Mv
avenue^ its vast and suporb garden, as Ducommun was emploved to investir
likewise for the rich coup d'aU which it &atc them. Tlte following are part o(
affords from the mountain on which it Ai. Ducommun's obser\ations, which
is plaiied^ and from which we discover he calls a chymical notice 00 this sub*
the country, tlje city^ the roadsted and ject.

the main ocean, as fat as to the isbnd of Tlie dissolution of corro^ve sublimate
Amag. This is the favourite and the in pure water, is tlear and transparent- ;
most frequented promenade. The cu- it is customary to dtstil tlie water, in
ricus are oft wont to repair^ at the dis- order that it may acquire the parity ne-
tance of about 6 leazues from the city, cessaiy for this operation ; when it is
to the chateau de Hirscholm, erected comuioaly believbd ta be disengaged
in a very agreeable spot, about 4 leagues from all the saline substances which it
beyond the chateau of Fredericksbourg, holds in dissolution. On my entrance^
encompassed with a v«st garden, ex- therefore, into the Hotel-Dieu of Nantes^
tretnely elegant, but in the ancient taste. I had recourse to this process, on the
At the distance of some leagues from water which comes to the pharmacy or
this bst, we find, close by the chateau medical department, by the aid of a
of Fredericksbourg, a rare and singular pump - -butwhat was my astonishment I
building of the Gothic kind; it is euvi- This distilled water was no more fit for
/oned with great forests. the preparation of the water of Wan^

Visits are also regularly paid to Cion- swieten, than it was before ; in an in-
enburgytollehingoer^tothemaaufactoiy stant, it bec^c of.a milky white. X

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d the experiment several times ; expertmekti on Gtm ARABIC ah^
might be perfectly assured that I gum adraganth, or gum dsa-
>t operatea in foul vessels, or with gon. by m. .vauquelin.

istanccs that might have changed

ults : but at every time, the same TEN grammes of redgum adraganth
>menon was produced. River have furnished me, by combustion,
distilled, and received into the with three decigrammes and a half of
vessels, furnished me, on the con- white ashes. These ashes dissolve lA
with a diaphanous water. The muriatic acid, with effervescence, and
ization of a salt, by aid of the emit a smell of sulfuratcd hydrogene.
that holds it in dissolution, ap- Their dissolution yields by amnioaiac,
to me a new and unknown fact, a precipitate which consists of ohosphate
;hed over the elementary works, ollime and of oxide of iron; the oxalate
nnaUs de Chimie, the analysis of of ammoniac precipitates much lime
il waters, and I every where found from it. Red gum adraganth contains
ommended to us,' to evaporate out of one hundred parts, about 3 J of

siccity, in order to drawback ashe?; which are composed, for the
It dissolved in any water whatever, most part, of carbonate of lime, of a

pursued the same method, my- small quantity of iron, of phosphate of

1 different analyses that I had had lime, and perhaps,' likewise, of an atom
on to make ; tut if a rule be too of alcali.

generalized and made applicable * Ten drams of white gum adraganth
circumstances, it may lead into submitted to the same trials yielded thro

Online LibraryUnited States. Supreme CourtThe Universal magazine, Volume 4 → online text (page 98 of 108)