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between Semipalatinsk, Akmolinsk, etc. Distance, about 150


Route W-7, Petropa\'lo\ sk to Jusali.

Petropavlovsk. On the Siberiau Railway (Route M).

Azatski (via Route W-1). At tliis point tlie main Gov-
ernment post road swerves to the west toward At
Bazar, whence it runs toward Akmolinsk.


At Bazar. Population, about 5,000, except during a week
in May. when there is a large fair. The Kirghiz
from the south then exchange wool, cattle, horses,
wheat, etc., for imported wares of all kinds. There
is a bank, stores, etc. During the fairs tlie dealings
total several million rubles. From At Bazar the post
road swings east to Akmolinsk. It passes through a
series of villages 20 to 25 versts apart. These villages
raise wheat, cattle, and horses. From At Bazar to
Jes Kasgan the country is inhabited only by nomadic
Kirghiz, who travel with their horses, camels, sheep,
and goats. There is a fair amount of grass until
within about 100 versts (66 miles) of Jes Kasgan,
where the sagebrush country begins.

Jes Kasgan. At Jes Kasgan are situated the mines of
the At Bazar Co., owned by the Spasski Copper Fields
(Ltd.). They are well developed, but not producing,
as the enterprise is new. There are quarters for about
500 men, with gas power house, a small machine
shop, etc.

Kassark Pai. About 40 miles south of Jes Kasgan. This
is tlie site of the uncompleted works for the reduc-
tion of the copper ore from the Jes Kasgan mines.
It is local headquarters of the Spasski Co. and con-
tains offices, houses for about 20 families belonging to
the staff, and workmen's quarters for about 500 to
1,000 men. The works consist of an up-to-date machine
shop, carpenter shop run by electricity, and partially
completed concentration, gas, power, and smelting
plants. There is a reservoir reported capable of hold-


inj? 20,000,0(X) sallons of water collected during tli«
spring freshets of the Kuniala River watershed. At
Bai Kanur, 25 miles southwest of Kassark Pai, is the
site of the coal mines of this enterprise. The deposit
is lignitic, of about 8,000 British thermal units. The
mines are well developed. A 3-foot railway connecting
Jes Kasgan, Kassark I'ai, and B;ii Kanur is under
760 Jusali. A station at Fort No. 2 on the Orenburg-Tash-
kent Railway. This railroad was built primarily for
military purposes. Tustli has extensive side tracks,
large station, buildings, etc. It is situated on the
Sara Su River, which empties into the Sea of Aral.
Between Kassark Pai and Jusali the country is sandy
and is covered with sagebrush. There is little water,
and most of it is brackish. The transport is entirely
by camel, or, in summer, by motor cars.



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MILITARY IMPORTANCE.— (1) This route would furuish au
important supply line if a battle front were maintained along the
Volga or farther west. (2) It runs through a region that ordi-
narily has a surplus of food products, especially cereals, honey,
and animals. (3) It furnishes an alternative route between
Moscow and Ufa. (4) It offers another crossing of the A'olga
by bridge in addition to the bridge at Syzran.

TERRAIN. — The first third of the route runs through a low
plateau, broken by broad river valleys several hundred feet deep.
Tliere are no great elevations, but sometimes the sides of the
valleys are quite steep where they have been undercut by the

In the second third the valleys broaden, the slopes become
gentler, and the country assumes the aspect of a rolling plain
sloping to the west. In the last part> of the route the rolling
plain merges into the flat lowland of the Volga valley with
gentle, isolated hills between the rivers. Much of the country
is forested, but still larger areas are in fields.

COMMUNICATIONS.— From Ufa to Chishmy this route is iden-
tical with the main railway from Zlatoust to Samara (Route M).
At Chishmy it diverges to the west and runs through Bugulma
to Simbirsk on the Volga. Throughout its whole length the rail-
way is roughly paralleled by a telegraph line and post road,
while other post roads meet it from the north and south. Both
Ufa and Simbirsk are river ports, Ufa being the head of navi-
gation on the Byelaya River and Simbirsk being one of the im-
portant Volga ports.

INDUSTRIES.— The region traversed by this route is chiefly
agricultural. Grains, hemp, flax, and fruits are the chief crops.
Bees are kept by many of the farmers. Grazing interests are
important, and sheep, horses, and cattle are numerous.








. CMsh

4,340 M

4, 369 M



4,371 M

4 V

3 M

4, 390 M

32 Y

21 M

4,410 M

62 V

41 M

4, 430 M

92 Y

61 M

4, 449 M

121 V

80 M

4. 470 M

153 Y

101 IM

4,491 M

184 Y

122 M

4,503 :\[

202 Y

134 jM

Ufa (lloute M). From Via t<j (Jliisliniy the
line is identical with the Zlatoust-Samara

Chishmy I (lloute M). Main station on
the Zlatoust-Samara line.

Chishmy II. A station on the Simbirsk
Railway. The Simbirsk line follows a
small valley to the northwest, while the
main line runs southwest.

Blagovar. The line crosses a low divitle
and descends into a small valley.

Buzd-yak. The line follows the small val-
ley to the southwest and west, then con-
tinues to the northwest and crosses a low

Kandry. The line runs to the west and fol-
lows a small valley into the Ik Yalley.

Tuimaza. In the Ik Yalley. The line as-
cends the west slope of the valley, follow-
ing a small tributary to the northwest.

Yutaza. The line runs to the northwest,
then turns to the southwest, leaving the
small valley. It ci-osses a low divide and
descends into the Zai Yalley.

Zai. On the Zai River near its headwaters.
The line runs to the southwest and avoids
a liig turn of the river.

Bugiilma. (I'opulation, nearly 10,000.)

. Railway restaurant. This town on the
Zai River has 6 schools, including an
industrial school, a Government agricul-
tural station, a hospital, and distilleries.
Fairs are held here twice a year. The



4, 614 M


236 V
156 M





















400 V



87569— 18— PT 4

principal trade is in linen, hides, wool,
horses, and cattle. The surrounding re-
gion is agricultural. Post roads lead
northwest to Chistopol and south to.

The railway leaves the Zai Valley and
runs southwest and south across a low
divide to the Sheshma Valley.
Dymka. On the Sheshma River. The line
leaves the valley and runs to the south-
west, making turns to the west and south,
following in general an upland.

A post road crosses the line almost at
right angles befoi'e reaching the next
Klyavlino. The route turns to the north-
west, following the upland.
Shelashnikovo. The line continues to the
northwest along the upland and makes a
sharp turn to the southwest before reach-
ing the next station.
Shentala. Soon after leaving this station
the line runs west and descends into the
Kondurcha Valley.
Chelna. On the Kondurcha River. The
post road crosses the line and branches to
the southeast. The railway follows the
valley to the west, keeping close to the
Nurlat. Railway restaurant. A post road
runs to the northwest. The line leaves
the valley, turns to southwest, and follows
the upland parallel to the river.
Pogruznaya. On the upland. A post road
runs northwest and southeast through the
village. The railway turns to the west
and descends gently into the valley of the
Cheremshan, a tributary of the Volga.


Miles Distance

from from

Vladivostok. GMshrny.

4,651 M 425 Y Yakiishka. The line runs along the flat
282 M valley of the Chererashan to the southwest
and west.
4,671 M 456 V Melekess. (Population, 8,500.) Kailway
302 M restaurant. A town in the district of
Stavropolsk in the Government of Sa-
mara, located at the junction of the Mele-
kess and Cheremshan Rivers. The town
has a bank. Government hospital, a store
for farm machinery, a drug store, 8 flour
mills, a distillery, and 50 small establish-

About 10 miles southwest of the town is
the village of Myllovka, with a population
of about 2,000. Nearby is a linen mill em-
ploying 800 men and a distillery employ-
ing 60 men. This is a grain and fruit
raising country.

The railway ascends the bluffs on the
west side of the river and runs northwest
along the highland.
Bryandino. The line turns to the west, con-
tinuing on the divide, and then descends
to the flat of the valley.
Volkovo. Platform stop.
Cherdakly. On the valley flat. The line

continues west to the river.
Chasovnya-Verkhnaya. Railway restau-
rant. On the east bank of the Volga. The
line crosses the river by a long steel
bridge, a modern structure. This bridge
was injured by the Bolsheviki in October,
1918, but was reported to have been speed-
ily repaired.

4, 686 M

478 V

317 M

4, 708 M

.512 V

339 M

A 721 U

531 V

352 M


Miles Distance

from from

Vladivostok. Cliishmy.

4, 728M 541V Simbirsk. (Population 75,000.) Capital of
359 M the Government of iSimbirsk.

Strategic importance. — (1) From its
height the city commands the surrounding
region. (2) It guards the bridge across
the Volga, a very important structure. (3)
Simbirsk is the main station on the Ufa-
Chishmy-Simbirsk line, which runs west to
connect with the main line of the Trans-
Siberian route at Inza. The city is also the
terminal of post roads from different direc-
tions. It is important in the river trade of
the Volga. (4) Simbirsk is surrounded by
a food-producing region, from which sup-
plies could be obtained in large quantities.

Location. — The city is on a hill, 560 feet
above sea level, between the west bank of
the Volga and the Sviyaga Rivers. It is
about midway between Samara and Kazan.

Details of the city. — The best part of the
city is on the hill. The commercial quar-
ters, including the warehouses and the poor-
est suburbs are on the slopes between the
hill and the rivers.

In 1901 the city had 30 Government build-
ings, 1,480 stone houses, 1 Lutheran, 1
Catholic, and 29 Greek Orthodox Churches,
a Jewish Synagogue, and a Tartar Moham-
medan Mosque. The city has 39 schools,
including a high school for boys and girls
and a military school. Almost 9 miles from
the city is the Karamzin Hospital with 120


Industries. — The region around Simbirsk
is agricultural. Not far from the city is
an 800-acre orchard. During the fair held
here, which has an annual turnover of
$2,000,000, the trade in grain is the most
important. Otlier articles of exchange are
potash, wood and wooden wares, wool,
hides, fruits, cattle, horses, and small manu-
factured products. Only 37 industrial es-
tablishments were registered in 1900, which
together employed 500 men.

Transportation. — has railway
communication with Russia by a line to the
west tlirongh Inza, with Siberia by the line
to the east through Ufa.

Post roads extend to Syzran and Samara
on the south, to Karsun on the west, to
Kazan on the north, and to Ufa on the east.

The chief trade is carried on by water on

the Volga. One large wharf receives 40,000

MVp.s Distance tons of lumber, salt, and crude oil annually,

from from and distributes up the river 96,000 tons of

Vladivostok. Chishmy.^j.^..^^^-^ j^j^^^ other agricultural products.

4, 730 M 545 V Kindyakovka. Railway restaurant. The main

361 M station of the railway in Simbirsk. It is

in the south part of the city.


Abakan: 111, 40.

Abatskoye: IV, 131.

Abdulino: IV, 52.

Achairskaya: III, 118.

Achinsk: III, 17, 39, 92, 94.

Achinsk-Mintisovaya: HI, 40. *

Achit: IV, 132.

Adadym: III, 40.

Adnanovka: II. 142.

Aga: II, 142.

Agriculture: IV, 36.

Ai-pu-tzu: II, 128.

Aisal Lake: II, 107f.

Akmolinsk: IV, 141ff, 151.

Aksakovo: IV, 52.

Aksarikha: IV, 79.

Aksenovo: IV , 51.

A-la-k'un-de-lang: II. 12.S.

Albazin: II, 111.

Alapayevsk: IV. 116.

Aleiskaya: III, 82.

Aleksandrovski: III, 18.

Aleksandrovskoye: II, lOlif.

Alekseyevsk: II, 62; IV, 141.

Alekseyevsk landing: II, 111.

Alekseyevsk Town: II, 63.

Altai Railway: III, 75, 85, 105.

Altaiskaya: III, 77.

Altaiskoye: III, 110.

Alzamai: III, 25.

Alzamaiskaya: III, 94.

Amazar: II, 65.

.\nigun River: II, 99.

AjBur Railway: I, 11, .55: II, 178.

Amur River: I, lOfl; II, 9511, 99, 100,

104fT. 160, 17611.
Anatolskaya: IV, no.

Audu: n. 35.

Anerbakhovski Rudnik: 1\', H9.

.\ngara River: II, 164f; III, 18.

Anikino: II, 112.

Animals: III, 15; IV, 135.

Camels: II, 142.

Cattle: II, 124, 142.

Dogs: II, 103.

Horses: II, 124, 172.

Sheep: II, 124.
Anisimovo: III, 106.
Anninsky Vody: 11,107.
Antimg: II. S9f.

Anzher Paver coal mines: III, 44.
Anzherski coal mines: III, 44.
Ardashi; IV, 95.
Argayash: IV, 125.
Argun River: II, 97, 112.
Arkhara: 11,58.
Arkhipovka: IV, 113.
Arlynsk: II, 51.
Arsenal Motovilikhu: IV, 93.
.\rteyuskha: II, 65.
Asekeyevo: IV, 53.
Asha-Balashevskaya: IV, 48.
.\siiikhe (Ashe-ho, or Alt-Shinka): II.

A-t'a-kan-na: II, 128.
At Bazar: IV, 153.
A-tao-tslor: II, 128.
At '\Va-fang-tien: II, 75.
.\u-ke-morer: II, 128.
Aul: 111,83.
Aurorinski: IV. 110.
Automobiles, flanged wheels for: I, 70.
Automobiles, use of: I 32ff, 43,
Autumn: I, 22.



Auyo: II, 8G.

Azatsti: IV, loS.

A7,ei: 11,22.

Aziatskaya: IV, 112.

Bachatski Coal Mines: 111,50.

Bado: 11,88,151.

Baikal Neck: 1, 12f;III, 22.

Baikal Tunnels: II,f)2.

Baironovka: III, 25.

Bang-Kiang: II, 127.

Banjyo: 11,88.

Balezino: III, 96.

Baranchinskaya: IV, 111.

Barim: 11,36.

Barnaul: III, 75, 77, 80fl, 92, 105f , lOSf.

Bashmaehny: 111,119.

Baskaya: IV, 119.

Batraki: IV, 00.

Bayan: II, o9.

Bayan Aul: IV, 150, 151.

Bayandai: 111,101.

Bayandi Kuduk: IV, 151.

Bazhenovo: IV, 80.

Bagul: IV, 113.

Beiten: II, S5.

Beketova: 11,111.

Bel-agach: III, 83.

Berdyansk: IV, 44.

Bersk: III, 77.

Berdskoye: III, 105.

Berikulskaya: 111,43.

Beryozovskicoal mines: 111,50.

Bezenthuk: IV, 59.

Biang-Kiand: 11, 125.

Biisk: III, 77fr, lO.Sf, 110.

Biisk, horses at: 1,39.

Biisk Railway: III, 7.')f .

Bikiss: II, 52.

Bilimbai: IV, 89.

Bira: II, 57.

Biryusa liiver: III, 25.

Biryusa River, bridge over: Til, 25.

Biser: IV, 112.

Bishkil: IV, 40.

Blagodat Siding: IV, 117.

Blagovar: IV, 158.
Blagovjeshchensk: I, 15; II, 59, 95, 98,

100, llOf, 178.
Blagovyeshthensk Branch: II, .W.
Boats and steamers:

On Yenisei River: III, 33.

Irtysh River: III, 69.

Obi River: III, 78f.

Lena River: III, 102f, 81fl.

Amur: II, 99, 105f.

Lake Baikal: II, lOOff, 169.
Bocharovo: II, 52.
Bochkjryovo: II, 59, 62.
Bodaibo: III, 98; I, 51f.
Bogandinskaya: IV, 76.
Bogarodskoye: II, 107
Bogdanovitch: IV, 80.
BogodovskiZavod: IV, 118.
Bogotol: III,41-f.
Bobrovski: III, 119.
B'ok-tin-ke-lo: II, 127.
Bolshe-llikailovskoye: 11,107.
Bolshoi-Atmanski: III, 119.
Bolshaya-Urinskaya: 111,94
Bon-ving-nao: II, 127.
Bolotnaya: 111,52.
Borodiilino: IV, 95.
Boshnyakovo: 111,27.
Borzia: II, 128.
Boyarskaya: IV, 87.
Bridges: I, 58.
Bryana River: II, 152.
Bryandino: IV, 160.
Budagovo: III, 23.
Bugulma: IV, 158.
Buguruslan: IV, 53.
Buirka: II, 141.
Bukkai: II, 87.
Bubrovinskoye: III, 95.
Bukhedu: 11,37.
Bulaninskoye: 111,109.
Bulayevo: IV, 14.
Bungurkicoal mines: III, 50
Bunzaa: 11,86.



Bureya: II, 58, 63.

Bureya River: II, 99, 110.

Bureya, mouth of: II, 110.

Buryatsk: II, 142.

Bushulei: II, tX.

Busyeva: II, 111.

Biudyak: IV, lo8.

Byankino: II, 69.

Byelaya River, bridge over: III, IS.

Byeloglazovo: III, 107.

Byelokamenski: III, 120.

Camels: I, 41; II, 142; IV, 136, 154.

Carpenters: I, 4-5, 45.

Carrying capacity, increasing of: I, 7011.

Carts: I, 43.

Cattle: II, 124, 142; I, 41; III. 21.

ChakChan: IV, 1.50, 151.

Chang-Chun: II, 78.

Chany: III, 65.

Chasovinkaya: II, 112.

Chaso^^lya Verkhnaya: IV, Jbo

Chebarkul: IV, 40.

Chegan-Burgazi Pass: III, 115.

Chelna: IV, 159.

Chelyabinsk: I, 16: IV, 23, 124.

Chelyabinsk, horses at: I. 39.

Chenhsianepun: II, 91.

Cheptsa: IV, 96.

Cherdakly: IV, 160.

Cheremoshnilci: III, 47.

Cherepanova: III, 77.

Cherga: III, 110.

Chorlakovskaya: III, 119.

Chernayeva: II, 111, 179.

Chernikovka: TV, 49.

Chernoryechonski: III, 119.

Chernoryechinskaya: III, 38.

Cliernoyarski: III, 119.

Chernyavskaya: IV, 23.

Cheryomkova: II, 171; III, 16, 107.

Cheryomkova coal mines: III, 16, 19.

Chcryomukhovski: III, 118.

Cheryoraukhovski: III, 118, 120.

Chiaoton: II, 90.

Ohibit: III, 113.

("hichiapu: II, 90.

Chickatka: II, 6.5.

Chik: III, 62.

Chikuanshan: 11,90.

Chin-chow: II, 74.

Chinese Eastern Railway: I, .54.

Chinnanpo: II, 88.

Chinson: II, 88.

Chishmy: I, II, IV, 51, 1,58.

Chistyumka: III, 107.

Chita: II. 1:?9, 141, 144S, 179: 1, 1.5.

Chita, horses at: I, 39.

Chita, River: II, 97.

Chosen Raihoad: 11, 82, y-d (see Korean

Chotan: II, 86.
Chou-shui-tzu: 11,74.
Chrysolite mines: IV, 12s.
Chuiskaya Steppe: ni, 113f.
Chulym: III, 63.
Chulym River: III, 39, 41.
Chumlyak: IV, 23.
Chusovaya: IV, 114.
Chusovaya River: IV, 128.
Chusovskaya: IV, 113.
Chuya: IV, 85.
Chuvra: II, 88.

Chzhalantun (Jalanlun): II, 36.
Chzharomte (Jaromte): II, 37.
Chmate: IV, 134; III, 70; 1, 18.
Climate: 1, 18.

Irkutsk: II, 165.

Kalgan Vrga District: II, 123.

Trans-Baikal Plateau: II, 139, 159.
Clothing: I, 46f.
Coal: III, 16; I, 61ff.
Coal mines:

Anzher: III, 44.

Anzherski: III, 44.

Bachatsk-i: III, 50.

Bai Kanur: IV, 1.54.

Beryozovski: III, 50.

Bunguiki: III, 50.

Cheryomkova: III, 16, 19; II, 171.

r,olo\nnskaya: III, 20.



Coal mines — Continued.

Ilanskaya: III, 27.

Jido: II, SK.

Karagandy: IV, 133, 152.

Keremovo: HI, 51.

Kiselenski: III, .50.

Ketatpusis: III, 50.

Kolchugino: III, 51.

Kuznetsk: III. 15, 4sir.

Leljedinskoi: III, 45.

Malta: III, 18.

Mazalovski: III, 45.

Minusinsk: III, 41.

Osinovsk: III, .50.

Penhsihn: II, 90.

Petrovski-Zavod: II, 152.

Prokopyevski: 111,50.

Sakhalin Island: II, lOlff.

Sudzhenka: III, 16, 17, 44.

Tulun: III, 22.

Voskresenski: IV, 154.

Zabitui: III, 20.

Zima: III, 21.
Cochiin: II, 85.

Compression of bulky articles: 1. 70.
Copper: IV, 136, 144tT, 151, 1.53.
Curves: I, 55.
Dairen (Dabiy): 11, 73.
Dairy industries: III, 75.
Dalmatov: IV, 85.
Dapucha. See Tapucha.
Barrier: IV, 146.
Dauria: II, 141.
Davlekanovo: IV, 51.
De Castri Bay: II, lOS.
Dedyukhin: IV, 121.
Disease: I, 23.
Dogs: II, 103.
Dojyo: II, 87.
Domikan: II, 58.
Dormidontovka: II, .53.
Dragunskaj-a: IV, 73.
Drinking water: I, 23.
Duitsinshan: II, 35.
Duplenskaya: III, 63.

Uymka: IV, 159.

Kmantus: IV, 1.39.

Engine I, .58.

Er-Kung-U-Lau: II, 128.

Ertseidyantszy (Ir-chen-lian-tzej: II, 34

Essauklaya: IV, 125.

Evropeiskaya: IV, 112.

Fairs: I, 48-f.

Fenghuangeheng: II, 89.

Ferries: I, 45f; III, 17-18.

Filippovka: IV, 53.

Filkinskaya: IV, 118.

Filters: I, 47.

Flies: I, 27f.

Flour mills: II, 164.

Fogs: II, 109.

Food: I, 47f.

Forage: I, 42.

Forests: 1, 14; III, 17, 45; IV, 70, 105.

Frostbites: I, 28.

Fuan: II, 91.

Fuchln: II, 90.

Fuel: I, 38.

Fuel equivalents: I, 64.

Fuel table: I, 66fl.

Fuko: II, 85.

Furs: I, 49.

Fusan: U, 83.

Fusanehin: II, S3.

Ganyushkino Zimovyc: III, 100.

Gaolintszi (Kan-tin-tzei: II, 33.

Ghizov: R', 96.

Glukhovskaya: IV, 51.

Glukhovskoi: III, 120.

Glyaden: III, 40.

Gobi Desert: II, 119, 121.

Gold mines Ifhmen: IV, 41.

Golenki: II, 30.

Golovinskaya: HI, 20.

Golovinskaya coal mines: III, 20.

Gorbitsa: II, 112.

Gorkhon: II, 152.

Golyshamanovo: IV, 75.

Gondatti: II, 63.


Gonzha: IT, 63.

.Goroblayo datskaya: IV, 111.
Grachevski: III, 120.
Grades: I, 55.
Grain: III, 15.
Grigoryevskaya: IV, 95.
Grigorevsk: III, 119.
Grodekovo: II, 31.
Gryaznovskaya: IV, 80.
Gubakha: IV, 120.
Guberovo: II, 52.
Gumpbjyo: II, 86.
Gyoha: II, 88.
Hai-cheng: II, 75.
Hai-Shui-hu: II, 120.
Hakuba: II, 89.
Hanatang: II, 90.
Han-no-p'a: II, 125, 126.
Harbin: I, 14, 39; II, 79: II, 16.
Harbiss: II, 34.
Harness: I, 40, 44.
Ha-ta-mo-re: II, 128.
Health: I, 23; IV, 134.
Heijyo: II, 84, 88.
Hiken: II, 89.
H'o-lo-T'o-Miao: II, 127.
Horses: I, 39f; III, 20; II, 124, 172: III,

99, 112, 115; IV, 133, 1.36.
Horse trade: IV, 16.
HSianstang: II, 90.
Hsiao-Miaotzu: II, 126.
Hsiung-yueh-cheng: II, 75.
H'ua-er-Ia-shu: II, 127.
Huan-hua-p'ing: II, 126.
H'ung-shan: II, 127.
Ice: I, 31.
Ichizan: 11, 86.
Iglino: IV, 49.
Ignashina: II, 111.
In: II, 85.
Ikura: II, 56.
Ilanskaya: III, 26.
Ilanskaya coal mines: III, 27.
Umen gold mines: IV, 41.
Ilyinsk Works: IV, 129.

Iman: II, 52.

Imyanpo (Yi-mien-po): II, 34.

In: II, 56.

Indo Station: II, 83.

Ingashskaya: III, 26.

Ingoda: II, 150.

Ingoda River: II, 97.

Inhabitants: II, 15f; IV, 36.

Innokentyevskaya: III, 17; II, 110, 178.

Insects, extermination of: I, 23ff.

Insects in houses: I, 23f.

Insects on human bodies: I, 2411.

Ippolitovka: II, 50.

Irbit: IV, 87f.

Irekte: II, 37.

Irkut River: II, 164f, 167f.

Irkinski River area: III, 41.

Irkut River, bridges over: III, 17.

Irkutsk: 1, 15, 22; III, 16, 19; II, 121, 141,

164ff, 17011; III, 16, 17, 93, 98fl.
Irkutsk, horses at: I, 39.
Iron: IV, 105.
Iron mines:

Kaisen: II, 88.

Makkaveyevo: II, 143.

Petrovski-Zavod: II, 118, 152.

Irkinski River area: III, 41.

Kini River area: III, 41.
jron and steel works at Verkhne-Tagil-

IV, 109.
Iron works:

Irbitski: IV, 87.

Kamennaya: IV, 85.

Minyar: IV, 48.

Sotka: IV, 44.

Sima: IV, 47.

Verkhne and Nizhni Zalozninski:
IV, 97.

Verkhne-Isctski: IV, 81.

Zlatoust: IV, 42.

Zood: IV, 81.
Irtysh Corporation (Ltd.): I, 52f.
Irtysh River: III, 72f; IV, 142.
Iset: IV, 106.
Ishim: HI, 86: IV, 74f, 131.



Isil-Kul: IV, 14.
Istok: IV, 80.
Itat: III, 42.
Izlunorskaya: III, 43.
Fzilbashski: III, 118.
Izvcstkovy: III, 120.
Jakuboku: II, 84.
.larkul: IV, 39.
Jcrmantus: IV, 1.50.
.Ii's Kiisgan: IV, 1.53.
Jido: II, 80.
Jim-an: II, 88.
Jusal: IV, 1.54.
Kabanovka: IV, 54.
Kabansk: II, 180.
Kacha: III, 37.
Ka-chi-ka-sao: II, 127.
Kachirski: III, 119.
Kaohug: III, lOOfif.
Kaida-ul: IV, 150.
Kaijyo: II, 87.
Kainsk: III, 95.
Kaiask-Tomski: III, 64f.
Kai-ping: II, 75.
Kaisen: II, 88.
Kalachinskaya: III, 66.
Kalgan: II, 120ff.
Kalgan, caravan route: 1, 10.
Kalgan- Urga district: II, 123.
Kalkoman: IV, 150.
Kaliuo: IV, 114.
Kalmanka: III, 82.
Kalmytskiye Mycy: III, 107.
Kama River: IV, 114.
Kamala: III, 2S.
Kamarehaga: III, 29.
Kamen Rybolov: II, 174, 175.
Kamyshet: III, 24.
Kaniyshlov: IV, 79.
Kamyshlov Lakes: IV, 13.
Kamyshlov: IV, 132.
Kamyshlovka: IV, 139.
Kamyshova; III, 95.
Kandi Kara Su: IV, 150.
Kandry: IV, 158.

Kansk: III, 91, «4.

Kansk- Yenlseiski: III, 27.

Kanpo: II, 87.

Kan River: III, 27.

Kaolinen: II, 90.

Karagandy: IV, 144, 1.52.

Karanor: II, 128.

KarasuLskaya: IV, 75.

Karatamar: IV, V.i9.

Kargat: 111,63.

Karkarulinsk: IV, 150, 152.

Karmak: IV, 78. •

Karymskaya: II, 70, 140-143.

Kassark Pai: IV, 1.53.

Kataisk: IV, 85.

Kayandi, horses at: I, 39; III, 29.

Kayasan: IV, 23.

KeigenR. R.: 11,86.

Keijj'o: II, 86; III, 51.

Kemckug: III, 38.

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