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retention of this post, at least for the present, is recommended. If



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DEPARTMENT OF TEXAS. 115

another regiment of Infantry and Cavalry should be added to this
department this post will be needed.

FOBT LOGAN H. BOOTS, ABK.

Garrisoned by Third Battalion, Fourth Infantry, and detachment
Hospital Corps. This post was inspected by Maj. Clarence E. Dent-
ier. Twenty-third Infantry, October 3-6, 1910, his report being most
favorable.

FOBT M'INTOSH, TEX.

Inspected by the department commander February 28-March 2,
1911. At that time the post was commanded by Capt. Charles B.
Hagadorn, Twentj^-third Infantry. The buildings were not in a
go(S state of repair; and if the post is to be continued as a military
station, and from its strategical position it is believed that it should
be, necessary repairs should be made. The water supply has been
improved, and it is believed to be ample for present needs.

FOBT SAM HOUSTON, TEX.

Although the troops of this post have not been formally inspected
by the department commander, owing to the detaching or the Third
Cavalry on the Mexican border and removal from the post to the
maneuver camp of the headquarters, field, staff, band, and Batteries

A, B, and C, Third Field Artillery, and the headquarters, field, staff,
and First and Second Battalions, Twenty-second Infantry, such ob-
servations as the department commander has been able to make of
these troops convince him that they are properly instructed and well
fitted for field service. The normal command of this post is the
entire Third Cavalry, headquarters, field, staff, band, and Batteries A,

B, and C, Third Field Artillery, the entire Twenty-second Infantry,
detachment Hospital Corps, and detachment of recruits (recruit depot
post).

This post is in good condition, the water supply is good, the third
storage tank having been just completed. The general condition of
the roads is good. Some, however, are only fair. All were in excel-
lent condition prior to the concentration of the maneuver division,
and their present damaged condition is due to the immense quantities
of supplies which had to be hauled, especially during the time when
heavy rains prevailed, making the roads soft and consequently torn
up, owing to the soft and easily disintegrable character of the rock
used in their construction. A steam roller for this post will be a
most valuable adjunct. There are approximately 8 miles of roads
to be taken care of, and it is recommended that provision be made for
their proper oiling. Had they been oiled prior to the arrival of
the maneuver division and during its encampment here thousands of
dollars would have been saved, and the sooner this plan is adopted
the sooner there will be a saving.

I concur in the recommendation of my predecessor that part of the
land used as Cavalry and Artillery drill ground and now occupied by
the maneuver division, called the Brackenridge tract, which is now
leased, be immediatekf purchased.



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116 DEPABTMENT OF TEXAS.

The post has been commanded durinff the year, with the exception
of a brief absence, by C!ol. Joseph H. Dorst, Third Cavahy, an able
and excellent commanding officer.

FORT BILL, OBXA.

This post was inspected by the inspector general of the department
September 24r-29, 1910. Commanded by Col. Henry M. Andrews,
First Field Artillery, until his retirement, May 2, 1911, then by Capt.
Kichard H. McMaster, Fifth Field Artillery, to date. Garrisoned
W headquarters, field, staff, band, and Batteries D and E, First
Field Artillery, to June 15, 1911 ; by Battery C, Fifth Field Artillery,
from December 18, 1910, to June 30, 1911 ; and by detachment Hos-

?ital Corps and detachment Indian scouts during the entire year,
'he troops were reported as being in an excellent state of discipline
and instruction.

UNQARRISONED POSTS.
rOBT BROWN, TEX.

This post is under the care of quartermaster employees. The De-
partment of Agriculture still occupies the experimental farm, under
tJbe management of Mr. E. C. Green.

Attention is invited to recommendation of Lieut. Col. F. H. French,
inspector general, made in his inspection of Fort Brown on July 13,
1910, that the agricultural experiment station, which now has use of
part of the reservation, be allowed to use the remainder also, subject
to certain restrictions.

FORT BINOGOLD, TEZ.

This post is under charge of a quartermaster employee and is in a
fair state of preservation. It was occupied for a time during the last
few months by a detachment of Troop L, Third Cavalry, on duty on
the Mexican border.

FORT DTTNOAN. ( EAGLE PASS, TEZ.)

This post was visited by the department commander on February
19-20, 1911. It was then and is still temporarily occupied by Troop
A, Third Cavalry, and Company A, Signal Corps. Several of the
buildings are in a fair state of preservation. It is under the charge of
a caretaker and has been considered, during the recent Mexican bor-
der trouble, as a point of strategical importance.

KBW POST.
lOBT CROCKETT, 'TISX.

This post, at Galveston, Tex., is still under construction and, it is
understood, nearly completed. At this point, during the recent Mex-
ican border troubles, the First Separate Brigade, under command of
Brig. Gen. Albert L. Mills, United States -Ajmy, was encamped.



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DEPARTMENT OF TEXAS. 117

BECRUmNG STATIONS.

The only recruiting stations of the Army now open in this depart-
ment are:

Dallas, Tex. (substation, Fort Worth, Tex,), First Lieut. W. E.
Gunster, Eighteenth Infantry.

Oklahoma City, Okla. (substations, Tulsa and Muskogee, Okla.),
under charge of First Lieut. E. M. Omey, First Cavalry.

Little Kock, Ark. (substation, Fort Smith, Ark.), under charge of
Mai. Charles B. Ewinc, United States Army^ retired.

El Paso, Tex., under charge of First Laeut. F. L. Poindexter,
United States Army, retired.

NATIONAL CEMETERIES.

There are two national cemeteries in this department, one at San
Antonio, Tex., which is in a good state of repair and on which $323.46
has been expended during the year for repairs; the other at Fort
Brown, Tex., which is being discontinued, the remains there interred
being e2diumed and removed to Alexandria National Cemetery, at
Pineville, La.

MILITART RESERVATIONS.

The reservation at Fort Sam Houston, Tex., should be fenced, with
proper exits, including the whole tract.

It is earnestly recommended that the 12 blocks bounded by New
Braunfds Avenue (which runs through the Cavalry post) on the
west; Wilson Street (which is the southern boundary of tne maneuver
and drill grounds, and also the same boundary of part of the Cavalry
post) on uie north; Frank Street (which is also the eastern boundary
of the Infantry post) on the east; and Hood Street (which is the
northern boundary of the Infantry post) on the south, the whole
forming a wedge and separating different fractions of the military
reservation, be purchased by the Government while this property is
still held at a reasonable price. As soon as it was learned that the
maneuver division was to be encamped here this land was leased, and
saloons and resorts of all kinds were here established; its present
occupancy is a menace to the post in many ways and makes adminis-
tration, guard, and other duties doubly hard, besides rendering sani-
tary conditions an impossibility. This purchase has, I understand,
been repeatedly recommended by my predecessors, and the purchase
of these 12 blocks is a military necessity to consolidate Government
property and allow administration and control by the military arm
without embarrassment. It is not understood how such a condition
of affairs should have originally been permitted to occur.

Another important need of this post is the acquirement of a portion
of drill grounds, containing approximately 305 acres, now held under
lease by the Government, with an option to purchase within six
years at the price of $70,000. Steps should be taken to purchase this
property before the expiration of the option, which e^ires in 1917,
which the Gk>vemment now holds, as it seems to be the opinion oi
those familiar with land values in this vicinity that this is a low
price and that the value of land is rapidly appreciating each year.



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118 DEPARTMENT OP TEXAS.

The Leon Springs Target and Maneuver Reservation, on which
there is firing held for a^ut five months every year, in addition to
the periods when it is used for maneuvers, should be completely
fenced to prevent entrance of cattle and destruction of property.

PHYSICAL EXAMINATIOKS AND TEST RIDES OF OFFICERS.

The annual physical examinations and tests, required by Greneral
Orders, No. 148, War Department, 1910, were successfully conducted
at Forts Sam Houston, jBliss, and Mcintosh, Tex., and Fort Sill,
Okla., during October, 1910. These tests are in the interest of
efficiency and their introduction has contributed greatly to the physi-
cal well being of oflScers generally.

FIRES IN THE DEPARTMENT.

No fires of any extent or entailing any appreciable loss to the
Government have occurred in the department during this year.

ATHLETICS.

Athletic meetings and exercises have been held in the department,
conducted according to existing orders. Every effort should be made
to encourage men and officers to take athletic exercise in each post; an
athletic meet or tournament should be made an event of the year.

ABSENTEEISM.

The large number of officers absent from the troops in this depart-
ment contmues a source of much difficulty in the proper performance
of duties. There are so manv changes in the personnel of company
officers that the individual soldier is not made to feel the personality
of his company commander, and unrest, discontent, and the commis-
sion of minor offenses, and even of desertion, would be greatly de-
creased if officers were left with or^nizations sufficienfly long to
become identified and interested in them. This condition of affairs
can hardly be remedied, however, so long as the best officers of the
line are taken for duty elsewhere and the fate of companies left to
the changing personnel of inexperienced subalterns.

The same can be said regarding the command and management of
posts. With an experienced, active, intelligent, and zealous com-
manding officer poor organizations in a post are invariably improved
and brought to a reasonable state of efficiency. The continual chang-
ing of post commanders is almost as detrimental to content, discipline,
and instruction as the continual and rapid changes of company com-
manders. A battalion post in this department has recently had taken
from it its commanding officer, a most able officer, for miUtia duty, a
major of the same regiment was almost simultaneously taken tor
similar duty, neither of these officers being replaced. The following
official communication is so pertinent to tnis subject that it is
embodied herein:

[Third indorsement.]

FoBT MclNTOBH, Tez., Jwm f 8, 1911,
BeiqiectfaUy forwaMed to the adjutant g^ieral, Department of Texas,
San Antonio, Tex., recommending disapproval on account of shortage of officers



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raSPAETMENT OF TEXAS. 119

at Fort Bliss, Tex. At that station the reglm^ital headquarters with band,
machine-gun platoon, and the Second Battalion there are for duty one captain,
three first lieutenants, and three second lieutenants. In so far as this regiment
Is concerned, the effect of service legislation of last Congress (the extra officers
and readjustment bills) thus far has been to still further reduce the number
of officers with It If the present conditions continue the maintenance of effi-
ciency presents a most difficult if not an Impracticable problem.

To such an extent has the depletion of officers extended that com-
paratively recently the acting inspector general of this department
called attention to the small number of officers present with the bat-
talion at Fort Bliss, Tex., during the solution of field problems, and
stated that '' each company and the battalion itself was commanded
by a lieutenant during the field problems."

GENERAL SERVICE CORPS.

The necessity is emphasized for a service corps to take the place
of ever increasing details from the line of men as mechanics, clerks,
artisans, and laborers required by the staff supply departments to per-
form the necessary work in relation to the care of troops.

PROGRESSIVE MILITARY MAP WORK.

From March 1, 1911, to date practically all the work of the office
of the assistant chief engineer officer has been in connection with
the maneuver division and the troops patrolling the Kio Grande.
Six officers were detailed for field map work, one of whom was re-
lieved by another officer on account of having been detailed for re-
cruiting service.

The following sheets from the field during the year have been
completed :

Sheets 535 N., 535 S., 555 S. I and III, 555 S. H and IV, 556 N.

TARGET RANGES.

The target range for Fort Sam Houston, Tex., on the Leon Springs
Target and Maneuver Reservation, is well fitted up now with all the
additional ranges required, and known distances and sliding ranges
equipped with the new annunciator buzzer system.

The Artillery range on the reservation is also well adapted to all
classes of firing.

The subject of the target range at Fort Bliss is mentioned in con-
nection with remarks on that post.

The range at Fort Mcintosh is sufficient for present needs. No
decisive action has been taken regarding this range other than leases,
as the abandonment of the post is under consideration.

COAST ARULLERT DISTRICT OP GALVESTON.

This embraces the new post of Fort Crockett, recently practically
completed. This district will be removed from control and super-
vision of the department commander on July 1, 1911.

INDIANS AND INDIAN SCOUTS.

The question of removal of the Apache Indians from Fort Sill
has been under consideration for some time. In the meantime the
War Departanent continues to feed and control them. They seem



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1^0 DEPAHl^MEKT OF TBXAS.

to be divided among themselves on the subject of removal to other
parts of the country.

The question of disbanding the detachment of Seminole Negro-
Indian scouts at Fort Clark, Tex., seems to have finally been settled
by allowmg men now in service only to reenlist. The eventual result,
as they retire or disappear from active service, will be for the organi-
zation to cease to exist.

THE ESCOBTING OF MEXICAN TBOOPB ACROSS AMERICAN TBRRrTORY BY

OUR TROOPS.

Teleffra^ic information, under date of June 10, 1911, was received
from the War Department that permission had been granted by our
Government for Mexican troops to pass over American territory from
El Paso to Laredo, as follows: One general, 1 colonel, 3 lieutenant
colonels, 1 major, 1 captain, 14 lieutenants, 11 sublieutenants, 4 sani-
tarv oflScers, 7 privates hospital corps, and 387 line soldiers ; troops
to be unarmed, arms and ammunition to be shipped as baggage; a
Spanidi-speaking officer and small detachment to accompany as
escort; Mexican consul to arrange with Col. Steever at El Paso details.

Prior to receipt of these instructions, Gen. Navarro, the defeated
Mexican general at Juarez, with his command, was sent to Laredo, all
unarmed. As no further request was made for shipment of Mexican
troops over this route, I presumed that these were the troops re-
ferred to.

On the same date I received additional instructions to the effect
that authority had been granted for the Mexican Government to ship
troops under similar conditions from Chihuahua to Lower California,
but that a Spanish-speaking officer or officers, with a detachment
sufficiently strong to afford Mexican troops ample protection in case
of difficulties, act as an escort for these troopa These instructions
were transmitted to Col. Steever. After considerable delay, with
reports that from 500 to 3,000 Mexican troops would be sent to
Lower California on June 24, Capt. Fair, Fourth Cavalry, with 24
enlisted men, left El Paso by train as escort for 9 Mexican officers,
200 enlisted men, 200 rifles, and 60,000 rounds of ammunition, 9 horses,
and 12 pack mules. The arms and ammunition were sealed in a box
car. These troops were under command of Col. B. Gonzales, Mexican
Army.

One field officer and 100 troops detrained at Calexico with half
the arms and ammunition and 10 animals, and moved across into
Mexican territory on the morning of June 26. The remainder pro-
ceeded to Tia Juana and detrained on American territory and
marched across the border on the early morning of June 27, The trip
was made without any incident worth noting.
Very respectfully,

J. W. Duncan,
Brigadier Oeneral^ U. S. Armnfy Commandinff.

The Adjutant General, U. S. Army,

Washirigtonj D. C.



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REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF THE COLORADO.



121



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REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF THE COLORADO.



Headquarteks Department of the Colorado,

Denver^ Colo.^ June 30^ 1911.
Sir : In compliance with General Orders, No. 89, series 1901, and
No. 47, series 1902, Headquarters of the Army, Adjutant General's
Office, I have the honor to submit the annual report of the adminis-
tration of this department for the past fiscal year, ending this date.
The distribution of troops is as lollows :



Posts.



Commaiidiiig offioer.



Troops.



F<Mrt Apache, Ariz

F<Mrt Douglas, Utah

Fort Dudiesne, Utah

Fort Huachuca, Alls. ,

Whipple Barracks, Ariz

Fort WlDgate, N. Mez

In the field akmg intematioiial
boundary line:
Douglas, Ariz

Nogales, Ariz

San Bernardino, Ariz



Capt. P. T. Hayne, Jr., Twelfth
Oavalrv.

Second Lieut. E. Santschl, Jr., Fif-
teenth Infantry.

Capt. H. J. Brees, First Cavalry

Col. C. IL O'Connor, Sixth Cavahy.



Capt. D. K. Major, Jr., Twenty-
seventh Infantry.

First Lieut. Coj^y Enos, Sixth
Cavalry.



Troop M, Twelfth Cavahry.



Troop M, First Cavahy.



Headquarters, band, Troops I, E,
L, M, and machine -gun pla-
toon,^ Sixth Cavalry; Trooi)s I



and K, Twelfth Cavalry.



MaJ. J. A. Cole, Sixth Cavalry

Capt. J. W. Furlong, Sixth Cavalry.

First Lieut. D. H. Jacobs, Twelfth
Cavalry.



Troops A, B, C, and D, Sixth Cav-
ahy.

Troops E, F, G, and H, Sixth Cav-
alry.

Troop L, Twelfth Cavahy.



Indian scouts: Fort Apache, 15; Fort Huachuca, 12; total, 27.

The movements of troops within the department, as well as the
transfers to and from it since July 1, 1910, are shown in the following
statement:

CHANGES OF STATION OF TROOPS.

Signal Corps. — Company E arrived at Yuma, Ariz., February 7,
1911; Yuma command transferred to Department of California
March 10, 1911.

Company I arrived at Nogales, Ariz., February 8, 1911, from Fort
D. A. Kussell, Wyo.; left Nogales March 20, 1911, for Hachita, N.
Mex. ; left Hachita April 11, 1911, for San Antonio, Tex.

First Cavalry. — ^Headquarters and band arrived at Fort Huachuca,
Ariz., March 15, 1911, for temporary dutf ; left Fort Huachuca April
24, 1911, for Calexico, Cal.

Troop A arrived at Yuma, Ariz., February 6, 1911; Yuma com-
mand transferred to Department of California March 10, 1911.

123



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124 DEPABTMBNT OP THE COLORADO.

Troop B arrived at Noffales, Ariz., February 6, 1911, from San
Francisco, Cal. J left NogaleB, Ariz., April 25, 1911, for Yuma, Ariz.

Troop D arrived at Tucson. Ariz., February 3, 1911; left Tucson
April 16, 1911, for Douglas, Ariz,; left Douglas April 22, 1911, for
Yosemite Park, Cal.

Troop I arrived at San Bernardino and Douglas, Ariz., March 17,
1911, from Boise Barracks, Idaho; left department April 26, 1911,
for Department of California.

Troop K arrived at Douglas, Ariz., March 16, 1911, from Boise
Barracks, Idaho; left Douglas April 26, 1911, for Department of
California.

Troop L arrived at Fort Huachuca, Ariz., March 15, 1911 ; left Fort
Huachuca April 14, 1911, for Douglas, Ariz. ; left Douglas, Ariz.,
April 26, 1911, for Calexico, Cal.

Troop M arrived at Fort Duchesne, Utah, October 2, 1910.

Third Cavalry. — ^Troop I left Fort Wingate, N. Mex., February 4,
1911, for field duty on Mexican border, Douglas, Ariz.

Troop M left Fort Wingate. N. Mex., January 31, 1911, for field
duty on Mexican border, Douglas, Ariz.

Pourth Cavalry, — ^Troop B arrived at Hachita, N. Mex., February
13, 1911 ; left Hachita April 24, 1911, for El Paso, Tex.

Troop C arrived at Columbus, N. Mex., February 10, 1911, from
Fort Meade, S. Dak.

Fifth Cavalry. — ^Troop H left Fort Duchesne, Utah, September 27,

1910, for Honolulu. Hawaii.

Sixth Cavalry (from Fort Des Moines, Iowa). — ^Headquarters and
band arrived at Fort Huachuca, Ariz.. April 22, 1911; left Fort
Huachuca April 23, 1911, for Douglas, Ariz. ; returned to Fort Hua-
chuca June 1, 1911.

First Squadron and machine-gun platoon arrived at Douglas, Ariz.,
April 22, 1911; machine-gun platoon left Douglas, Ariz., June 4,

1911, for Fort Huachuca.

Second Squadron arrived at Nogales, Ariz., April 23, 1911.

Third Squadron arrived at Fort Huachuca, Ariz., April 22, 1911.

Troop M left Fort Huachuca April 26, 1911, for Las Cienegas,
N. Mex. ; returned to Fort Huachuca June, 1911.

Eighth Cavalry. — ^Headquarters Second Squadron left Fort Hua-
chuca, Ariz., November 30, 1910, for Philippine Islands.

Troop E left Fort Apache, Ariz., February 27, 1911, for Philippine
Islands.

Troop F left Fort Huachuca, Ariz., November 30, 1910, for Phil-
ipmne Islands.

Troop G, scouting along Mexican border, Naco-Douglas, Novem-
ber 24 to December 6, 1910, and January 1, 1911, to February 21,
1911; left Fort Huachuca, Ariz., MarcJfi 2, 1911, for Philippine
Islands.

Troop H left Fort Apache, Ariz., November 26, 1910, for the
Philippine Islands.

Twelfth CavdJ/ry. — ^Troop I arrived at Fort Huachuca. Ariz., Feb-
ruary 15, 1911; left Fort Huachuca, April 16, 1911, lor Douglas,
Ajiz. ; returned to Fort Huachuca, June 4, 1911.

Troop K arrived at Fort Huachuca, Ariz., February 15, 1911; left
Fort Huachuca, March 21, 1911, for field duty at Naco, Ariz. ; re-
turned to Fort Huachuca, June 8, 1911.

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DBPABTMENT OF THB CK)LOBADO. 125

Troop L arrived at Fort Apache, Ariz.. February 19, 1911; left
Fort Apache, April 16, 1911, for Douglas, Ariz.

Troop M arrived at Fort Apache, Ariz., February 19, 1911.

Fifteenth Infantry,— Lett Fort Douglas, Utah, March 7, 1911, for
field duty at Fort Sam Houston, Tex.

Detachment of 50 men left Fort Douglas, Utah, March 21, 1911,
to join regiment in the field, San Antonio. Tex.

Eighteenth Infantry. — Company A leit Whipple Barracks. Ariz.,
February 10, 1911, for Fort Wingate, N. Mex.; left Fort Wingate,
N. Mex., March 9. 1911, for Fort Sam Houston, Tex.

Company B leit Whipple Barracks, Ariz., November 25, 1910, for
Fort Huacnuca, Ariz. ; returned to Whipple Barracks, Decwnber 17,
1910.

Company D left Whipjple Barracks, December 31, 1910, for Fort
Huachuca, Ariz.; left Fort Huachuca, March 14, 1911, for San
Antonio, Tex.

Detachment of 14 men left Whipple Barracks, Ariz., Mardi 21,
1911, to join regiment at San Antomo, Tex.

Changes i^ personnel (enlisted).

Bnlistmenta 870

Reenlistments 120

From desertion 20

Discharge (expiration of service) 366

Discharge (disability) 12

Discharge (by order) 62

Retired . 4

Died 7

Deserted ^- 38

The strength of the department, present and absent, June 30, 1910,
was 102 commissioned officers and 1,592 enlisted men, and the strength
on June 30, 1911, was 30 commissioned officers and 396 enlisted men.

DEPARTMENT COMMANDER,

Brig. Gen. Earl D. Thomas, United States Army, to date of retire-
ment, January 6, 1911.

January 6, 1911, Col. Walter S. Scott, Fifteenth Infantry.

February 6, 1911, Brig. Gen. Walter S. Schuyler, United States
Army.

March 11, 1911, Col. Wilber E. Wilder, Fifth Cavalry.

March 15, 1911, Lieut Col. William A. Shunk, First Cavalry.

March 21, 1911, Col. Frederick W. Sibley, of Cavalry.

April 20, 1911, Col. Charles M. O'Connor, Sixth Cavalry.

May 20, 1911, Brig. Gen. Daniel H. Brush, United States Army.

June 26, 1911, Col. Charles M. O'Connor, Sixth Cavalry.

OPERATIONS ALONG THE MEXICAN BORDER.

Owing to the insurrection in Mexico our troops have been con-
stantly employed since Januaiy, 1911, patrolling the line from the
Colorado Kiver on the west to El Paso on the east, in this territorial
department, endeavoring to enforce the neutrality law, by overhaul-
ing and intercepting the passage across the line into Mexico of armed



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