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or organized parties or of arms^ ammunition, or materials of war;



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126 DEPABTMENT OF THE COLORADO.

and the very efficient efforts on the part of the troops in this direc-
tion along that barren waste have brought excellent results by avert-
ing any serious trouble that might otherwise have caused questions
to arise of international importance. ^

In properly guarding the line as indicated it has been necessary,
in addition to the available troops belonging to this department, to
have tiie temporary presence of the following troops from without
the department: Headquarters and 6 troops of the First Cavalry;
2 troops of the Fourth Cavalry ; headquarters, 12 troops and machine-
gun platoon of the Sixth Cavalry ; 2 Signal Corps companies ; and a
pack train.

The troop were stationed at the following points: Yuma, Ariz.;
Tucson, Ariz. ; Nogales, Ariz. ; Naco, Ariz, ; Douglas, Ariz. ; San Ber-
nardino, Ariz. ;' Langs Ranch, N. Mex. : Alamo Hueco, N. Mex. ; Dog
Springs, N. Mex.; Las Cienegas, N. Mex.; Hachita, N. Mex.; and
Columbus, N. Mex.

During the time the department commander made his headquarters
in the field his base of operations was either at Fort Huachuca or
Douglas, Ariz.

During the engagement between the Federal and insurrectionary
forces at Agua Prieta on April 13, 1911, a large number of people
congregated in Douglas, Ariz., just across the line from the scene
of action, overcome with curiosity and bent on witnessing the fight.
Stray bullets, probably from both sides, fell among the sightseers,
and a few were wounded and two or three killed. At the request of
the Mexican Federal commander, who, with his officers and a few
men, reached a position near the international line, Capt. Julien E.
Gaujot, First Cavalry, entered the town of Agua Prieta and per-
suaded the Federal forces still engaged at the Cuartel to surrender
their arms to the insurrectionary forces and conducted them for safe-
keeping to the United States, where they were held as prisoners by
the United States forces till ordered released by the War Depart-
ment. At the same time a number of the insurrectionists who had
fled to the United States territory were held by our troops until
similarly disposed of. The command of the department has changed
hands 10 times since January 1.

MANEUVER ENCAMPMENTS.

[Fort D. A. Russell Target and Maneuver Reservation, Wyo.l

General Orders, No. 63, War Department, April 15, 1910.

The Fifteenth Infantry, excepting Company C, from Fort Doug-
las, Utah, took part in "the encampment, marching to the grounds
from Colorado Springs, Colo. The journey from post to Colorado
Springs and' the return to post from the encampment was by rail,
being away from post from June 25 to August 16, 1910.

CAMP AT ATASCADERO, CAL.

Headquarters, First and Second Squadrons, and Troops E and G
Eighth Cavalry, also headquarters, First Battalion, and Companies
A, B, Dj and machine-gun platoon, Eighteenth Infantry, were absent



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DEPABTMBNT OF THE OOLORADO. 127

from their respective posts, Forts Apache, Huachuca, and Whipple
Barracks, taking part in the encampment from August 27 to October
17, 1910.

GABBISONED POSTS.

In addition to the regimental post of Fort Douglas, Utah, now in
condition to accommodate a full regiment very comfortably, it is
recommended that the quarters at both Fort Huachuca and Whipple
Barracks, Ariz., be gradually increased to accommodate a regiment of
Cavalry and Iiifantry, respectively; more especially should Fort
Huachuca receive favorable consideration, as it is the only military
post near the international boundary line between El Paso, Tex., and
San Diego, Cal., a distance of 800 miles. The present insurrection
in Mexico, causing the United States troops to patrol nearly every mile
of the entire line, would seem to substantiate this recommendation.

The expenditure of any more public funds on Fort Duchesne, Utah,
is not recommended.

It is recommended that Fort Apache garrison be increased to one
squadron of Cavalry by sending there the two troops of the Twelfth
Cavalry now at Fort Huachuca, Ariz. The supplies for this post can
to a large extent be purchased in the immediate vicinity of the post
at reasonable cost, and its proximity to the Apache Indian Keserva-
tion makes it essential that it be continued and well garrisoned.

INSPECTIONS MADE BY THE DEPARTMENT OOMMANDEB.

[Under departm^it special orders, Indicated.]

Fort Apache, Ariz., paragraph 1, 51 and 118, 1910.

Fort Douclas, Utah, paragraph 1, 109, 1910.

Fort Duchesne, Utah, paragraph 2, 64 and 1, 109, 1910,

Fort Huachuca, Ariz., 118, 1910.

Whipple Barracks, Ariz., 118, 1910.

Fort Wingate, N. Mex., 118, 1910.

Troops along international boundary line, 2, 61, 1911, and orders
m the field, 1, 1, 6, 25, 34, 1911.

Owing to the depleted condition of garrisons inspected after re-
ceipt of General Orders, No. 195, War Department, October 22, 1910,
owing to the absence of troops for duty along the international
boundarv line, it was impracticable to have field exercises and give
practical instruction in field problems.

GABRISON SCHOOLS.

So far as practicable ^rrison schools were conducted throughout
the department, as required by General Orders, No. 70, War De-
partment, April 20, 1910, with very good results.

TEST RIDES AND PHYSICAIi EXERCISES.

The annual test rides for field officers and physical exercises and
examinations of all officers in this department were carried into effect
as required by General Orders, No. 70, War Department, January



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128 DEPABTMENT OF THE OOLOEADO.

30, 1910. The following instructions were given to all officers at these
headquarters and similar instructions sent out to all post commanders :

Memorandum.

Headquabtebs Dxpabtmbnt or the (}oloba]>o,

Denver, Colo., August 27, 1910.
The attention of all officers serving at these headquarters is directed to the
requirements of paragraph 1, General Orders, No. 148, War Department, curroit
series. In the opinion of the department commander, anything less than one
hour's continuous, vigorous, physical exercise will not accord with the purpose
of the order. However, it is believed that such exercise may properly assume
many differait forms, such as walking, riding, golf, tennis, boating, or vigorous
calisthenics or gymnasium exercises.

It is expected that aU officers wUl carry out the spirit of the paragraph with-
out further notice.
By command of Brig. Gen. Thomas:

Ghas. W. Taylor.
Adjutant General.
ABHT SERVICE COBPS (bNLISTED).

It is urgently recommended that proper legislation be enacted to
organize a corps of this class at an early date with a view to reliev-
ing the drain on the line of the Army in furnishinj^ the many detailed
men to perform the essential duties that are quite lOTeiga to the duties
of a soldier.

CIVIL-SERVICE CLERKS.

It is also recommended that the necessary steps be taken to have
such legislation enacted as will provide for the retirement, on 75 per
cent of their pay proper, of all civil-service clerks and employees of
the War Department, to take effect at such time as it shall have been
decided by tne authorities that they have outlived their usefulness to
the service. It is believed that the time has arrived when the essen-
tialness of such action will be readilv seen without further comment.

Aside from the fact of this action being for the good of the service,
however, it would seem but just to make it manifest that a ^eat many
of these old servants of the Government merit this retirement in
view of their having served many years as enlisted men of the line
and as general service clerks, and during these years were lookii^
forward^ to the time when they would be eligible, through 30 years'
service, for retirement, when to their great surprise, by an act of
Congress approved August 6, 1894, these general service clerks and
messengers were all immediately discharged without exception as to
their length of service (some having reached very near the desired
goal) and were placed in the classified civil service, where they have
continued to serve the Government during all the best and most use-
ful years of their life, some having more than 45 years' service to
their credit.

DEPARTMENT STAFF.

The department staff officers have administered very efficiently the
duties of their respective offices during the year. Such information
from their reports as might prove of general interest is noted.

INSPECTOR general's DEPARTMENT.

On the regular annual inspection of garrisoned posts in this depart-
ment the inspector reports tnat the condition of the troops, as regards
discipline, instruction, and readiness for field service, was found to
be from very good to excellent.



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DEPABTMENT OF THE OOLOEADO. 129

The staff departments were as economically administered as was
practicable unoer the existing organization. Supplies well cared for.

Found no military reason why Fort Duchesne, Utah, should be
continued as a military post.

Believes Fort Douglas, Utah, has all the requisites essential to a
modem brigade post and must in time become one.

JUDGE advocate's DEPARTMENT.

No trials of commissioned officers. Number of enlisted men tried
by general courts, 108; number of enlisted men tried by garrison
courts, 9; number of enlisted men tried by summary courts, 610;
total, 727.

It appears that of the 108 cases tried by general courts-martial 50
were for desertion.

QUARTERMASTBB's DEPARTMENT.

The following is a statement of receipts and disbursements made
by the chief quartermaster of this department during July 1, 1910,
to June 10, 1911 :

On liand July 1, 1910 $63,740. 00

Beeeived during the fiscal year 1, 178, 003. 07

Total 1, 231, 743. 07

Expended during the fiscal year to June 10 1, 106, 875. 01

Balance on hand June 10 124, 868. 06

Owing to the arrival of additional troops in this department and
the departure of troops from the department for San Antonio for
mobilization with the maneuver division, changes have been necessary
in the distribution of supplies. All the troops stationed on the bor-
der in Arizona and New Mexico have been completely equipped and
the animals properly f ora^d by increasing existing contracts, making
new contracts for the additional forage required, and shipping forage
to points in Arizona and New Mexico from posts where the same was
not required, due to withdrawal of garrison.

OOMMISSARY DEPARTMENT.

All posts have been fuUv supplied with stores of excellent quality,
to the ^reat satisfaction of all concerned. It would be to the advan-
tage of the Government as well as to the individual if chief com-
missaries were ordered to make at least one inspection a year of posts
in their departments. The present system of accounting for stores
at posts appears to be a most satisfactory method.

The total receipts, expenditures, and balance of the officers of the
chief and purchasing commissai^ were: Receipts, $224,246.95; ex-
penditures, $222,341.30; balance, $1,905.65.

The money value of losses due to various causes, as shown by survey
reports, were as follows:

stores , $340.26

Beclamation by qnartermaster and subsistence department 124. 00

Net loss on stores 216. 26

Fresh vegetables, including shrinkage 190. 12

Total loss from all sources 415. 38

11784*— WAB 1911— VOL 3 9



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130 DEPARTMENT OF THE COLORADO.

About half the losses on stores were occasioned by changes in mr-
risons, movements of troops, and unforeseen circumstances. The
losses on fresh vegetables are generally due to storage and shrinkage.
The loss of fresh vegetables from storage is largely offset by the great
increase in price during the latter part of the fresh-vegetable season.
The danger of the vegetables freezing in transit seems to make it
imperative to put in a winter supply at nearly all the posts.

ENGINEER DEPARTMENT.

During the past year the work consisted in furnishing maps and
information; making blue prints of a number of practice marches;
finishing work on the reservations, post and target range maps of the
various posts; completing the series at the reservations, post and
target range maps at Whipple Barracks, Ariz., and the reservation
map of Fort Huachuca, Ariz., whiph latter was an extremely large
and difficult piece of work, comprising six sections. All the maps
received have now been traced, blue-printed, and copies forwarded to
the Chief of Engineers, to the Quartermaster General, the command-
ing officers of various posts, and the chief quartermaster of the de-
partment.

SIGNAL CORPS.

The regular semiannual inspections of telephone systems were prop-
erly earned out. The telephone installations of all posts in the de-
partment were inspected and placed in the best possible condition with
the tools and material available during December, 1910, and January,
1911. The telephone system at Whipple Barracks, Ariz., was rebuilt
in August, 1910. A central-energy telephone system was completed
at Fort Douglas, Utah, in March, 1911. All telephone systems in this
department are now in excellent working condition and giving entire
satisfaction.

POST EXCHANGES.

Exchanges have been maintained at all posts in the department.
Following is a statement of the receipts and expenditures obtain-
able of the various exchanges in the department for the fiscal year:



Receipts.



Expendi-
tures.



Fort Apache

Fort Douglas

FortDuonesne

FortHuadiuoa

Whipple Barracks.
Fortwingate



122,028.31
26,338.95
16,767.82
10,979.15
4,571.81
7,661.69



S23,318.2Q

26,435.65

16,836.13

9,623.30

6.340.40

7,406.50



The Sixth Cavalry arrived on the border and took stations at
Douglas, Nogales, and Fort Huachuca about April 20. Until after
the conflict at Juarez, Mexico, and the resulting peaceful occupations
by the revolutionists of Agua Prieta, Naco, Cananea, and Nogales,
the people on the Arizona border were under a stress of anxiety, and
the presence of United States troops was a source of relief.



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DEPABTMENT OF THE COLORADO. 181

Since the conclusion of peace, business in these localities has
assumed normal conditions, and the immediate presence of troops is
deemed unnecessary.

The canyons of the Huachuca Mountains afford a delightful cli-
mate and typical conditions for mounted troops.

Troops from Fort Huachuca may reach Douglas within 24 hours,
Naco in 6 hours, and Nogales in 48 hours. Two squadrons of
Cavalry at Fort Huachuca would be ample for any necessities likdy
to arise on this border within a year.

The territorial Department of the Colorado is discontinued June
80, 1911, by General Orders, No. 64, War Department, May 19, 1911,
and the territory assigned' to other departments, as follows : Arizona
and Utah, to Department of California ; Colorado, to the Department
of the Missouri ; and New Mexico to the Department of Texas. All
records pertaining to the adjutant general's office, headquarters
Department of the Colorado, are shipped to the adjutant general
Western Division, San Francisco, Cal., in compliance with instruc-
tions contained in first indorsement (1790317), War Department,
The Adjutant General's Office, Washington, January 9, 1911.

The department conmiander and the department staff officers have
been relieved and assigned to stations and duties, to take effect July
1,1911, as follows:

Brig. Gen. Daniel H. Brush, department commander, to Depart-
ment of California.

Lieut. Col. Charles W. Taylor, adjutant general, to Department of
the Lakes.

Maj'. James H. Frier, inspector general, to the Western Division.

Maj. Amos W. Kimball, chief quartermaster, temporary duty in
Denver, Colo., as forwarding and shipping quartermaster.

Capt. Salmon F. Dutton^ chief conmiissary, purchasing conmiis-
sary at Denver, Colo., and m addition is assistant to the chief com-
missary of the Western and Central Divisions.

Col. Harry O. Perley, chief surgeon^ to Fort D. A. Russell, Wyo.

Lieut. Col. Hamilton S. Wallace, chief paymaster, to the Western
Division.

Very respectfully, Chas. M. O'Connor,

Colonel Sixth Cavalry^ Conrniamding.

The Adjutant Gteneral of the Army,

Waskingtony D. C.



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REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF CALIFORNIA.



133



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REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF CALIFORNIA.



Headquarters Department op Calipornia,

San Frartcisao, Gal., June 30, 1911.

Sir : The undersigned respectfully submits report of the opera-
tions of the Department of California for the year ended June 30,
1911.

The last annual report was made by Maj. Gen. Thomas H. Barry,
United States Army, who was relieved from command of the depart-
ment by Paragraph IV, General Orders, No. 52, War Department,
April 2, 1910, under which order on August 19, 1910, he relmguished
command, which was assumed by the undersigned on the same date
in compliance with the same order.

adjutant GENERAIi's DEPARTMENT.

The following table shows the strength of the commissioned and
enlisted personnel of this command June 30, 1910, with the changes,
gains and losses, and total strength, June 30, 1911 :

Strength of troopSy present and absent, in department June SO, 1910,

Officers 307

Enlisted men 6, 141

Total-: 6,448

Changes in personnel July 1, 1910, to June SO, 1911.

OFFIOEBS.

Qain:

By promotion or appointment 80

By transfer 225

Total 255

Loss:

Resigned - 1

Discharged 1

Transferred or retired 178

Died of disease, etc 5

Total 185

135



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136 DEPABTMENT OF OALIFOBKIA.

SNLISTID HBlf.

Gain:

By enlistment 488

By re^ilistment 911

By recruits from depot 2,016

By transfer 2, 307

From desertion 107



Total 6, 82?



Loss:

Discharged by expiration of service 2,423

Discharged for disability 136

Discharged by sentence general courts-martial 131

Discharged by order 220

Retired 31

Transferred 1, 083

Died of disease 16

Accident 2

Suicide 4

Deserted 278



Total ^ 4, 323

Strength of troops of department, present and absent, June SO, 1911.

Officers 375

Enlisted men 7, 647

Total 8,022

0FFICEB8.

Present 288

Absent within department 46

Without department 66

Total 875

ENLISTED MEN.

Present 6.839

Absent within department 710

Without department ^ 98

Total 7,647



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DBPABTMENT OP CAUFOBNIA.



137



LM 0/ tr&»8port9 and troops sailing from San Franoisoo, Vol., to ManUa, P, /.,
HonoMu, HawaU, wnd Ch^na, from July 1, 1010, to June SO, 1911.



Date of



TnnqMrt



Troops.



1910.
July i
Aug, 6
i«pt 7



Oct 5

Nov. 5

Hov. 15

Dec. 6

1911.
Jan. 5

Feb. 6

Feb. 28

lUr. «

lUr. 21

Apr. 5
limy 5
June 6



Sherman..
Sheridan..
Logiui....



Sherman.

Sheridan.
Dixi



Sherman..
Sheridan.
Buford*..
Logiui....



Czooki...

Shennan.,
Sheridan.,
Bulord....



Total.



No organisatioDa ,

do

Coast Artillery Corps, Ninth band,
Eleventh, Eighteenth, Forty-
second, and One hundred and
thir^-eighth Companies.
/Fifth Cavalry, Second Squadron i .

.First Field Artillery, Battery C. . .

First Field Artillery. Battery F K,

Fifth Cavalry, maiciiine-gun pla-
toon.

Fifth Cavalry and First Field Ar-
tillery detaohmflQt.1

Eighth Cavalry, headquarters,
band, and 8 troops.



No organisations

rSeventh Cavalry, headquarters,
I band, and 10 troops.
{Coast ArtillerT Corps, Eishty-
sixth and Ninety-fifth Com-
I panics.

No passengers

EiC^th Cavalry, 4 troc^s

Second Field Artillery, Batteries

AandB.
Coast Artillery Corps. Twenty-
third and Ninetieth Companies.
Second Infantry, headquarters,
band, and 8 companies.

No organizations

Seventh Cavalry, Troc^ B and F.
No organisations



446



196
121



416



39
68
110



22

588
321



161



580



199



25



256
230



214
506



806



184



214

185
483
733



53
03



977

447

65

631

613



1,368



1,570

748

198
649
749



132



265



3,425



4,901



13



8,749



^ For Honolulu.



> For China via Seattle.



RECAPITULATION.

Ofl&oeis with troqps • KB

Offloers, passengers 265

Veterinarians 5

Dental surgeoos. g

NoDOommusioiied staff, post, and Oolast Artilieiy Corp8V..V. .. J^ 56

Hospital Corps men 212

Signal Corps men 54

Enlisted men, regular organisations. ...........!.!!.!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!.".*!!!.'.*.*.*!! 3,425

Casbals, recruits, etc 4,579

Famale Army nursss 13



Total.



8,749



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138



DBPABTMBNT OF OAOFOBNIA.



List of troMporta and troops orrMng at Ban Franoiaoo, Oal., from Ma/Ma, P. /.,
Honolulu, HawaH, Alaska, and China, from July 1, 1910, to June SO, 1911.



Date of
arrival.



Transport



Troops.



1910.
July 12

July 31
Aug. 12

Sept. 11
Oct. 14
Nov. 13
Dec. 14

19U.
Jan. 13
Feb. 13
Mar. 13
Mar. 14
Apr. 12
Apr. 13
Apr. 28



May 12

June 10



Sheridan. ,

Buford K.
Logan....,



Sherman.
Sheridan.

Logan

Sherman.,



Fifth Cavahy ma(dilne-gan
platoon.*

Twenty-second In&ntry

Second Field Artillery, Bat-
tery D.

No organizations

do



712
100



.do..



Sheridan..

Logan

Crook

Sherman.
Sheridan.
Crook*...
Buford »..



Logan.,



Sherman...
Total.



Fifth Field Artillery, Bat-
tery C.



No organisations

Twelfth Cavalry

No organizations

do

Thirteenth Cavalry

No organizations

No passengers

Second Field Artillery, head-
quarters, band and Bat-



04



313



474



231

72
246

326
353
637
602



641
426

18
413
242

28



285

813
400

379
377
679
850



660

799
15
435
777
34



Coast Artillery Corps,
Fiftieth, Fifty-first, imy-
fonrth, and Fifty-fifth C<mi-

. panies.

No organizations



50



431



17



22



468



11



851



486



102 220 2 3 2,060 5,204 ^ 13 182 7,855



1 From Alaska.



* From Honolulu.



• From China.



RECAPITULATION.

Officers with troops 102

Officers, passengers 220

Veterinarians 2

D entai surgeons !!!!..!...!!!]!!!!!!.!!!!!!!!.!!!!! i !!!.!!.!..!!!!!!!!!!!!! 1 1 .! I s

Post noncommissioned staff 43

Hospital Corps men 206

Signal Corps men 103

Enlisted men, regular organizations 2, 080

Casuals, short-term, sick, insane, and retired enlisted men 4, 858

Discharged men 48

Female Army nurses 13

Military convicts 182

Total 7,865

There was shipped to Manila on Army transports the sum of
1,061,000 Philippine pesos and $700,000 United States gold coin.

Eecord of events, including changes in stations of troops in the
Department of California, July 1, 1910, to June 30, 1911.

July 12.— The machine-gun platoon of the Fijfth Cavalry from Schofield
Barracks, Hawaii, arrived at Presidio of Monterey for a course of instruction
at the School of Musketry during the month of August, in compliance with
paragraph 4, Special Orders, No. 130, Department of California, 1910.

July 19. — One-half of Company B, Hospital Corps, and the Training School
for Bakers and Cooks left Presidio of San Francisco by rail, en route for the
camp of instruction at American Lake, Wash., in compliance with General
Orders, No. 63, War Department, and General Orders, No. 88, Department of
California, series 1910.

July 20. — One-half of Company B, Hospital Corps, and Company B, Signal
Corps, left Presidio of San Francisco by rail en route for the camp of instruc-



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DBPABTMENT OF CALIFORNIA. 139

tlon at Leon Springs, Tex., In compliance with General Orders, No. 63, War
Department, and General Orders, No. 88, Department of California, series 1910.
July )B5.— HeadQnartors First Battalion and Batteries A and B, Fifth Field
Artillery, and Battery F, First Field Artillery, left Presidio of San Francisco
by marching, en route for Atascadero, Gal., to hold annual target practice in
compliance with General Orders, No. 92, Department of California, 1910, and
at end of the month had reached Salinas, Cal. ; distance marched to that place,
116 miles.

July 28. — ^The machine-gnn platoon of the Thirtieth Inftintry left Presidio of
San Francisco by rail for Presidio of Monter^ for a course of instruction at
the School of Musketry during the month of August, in compliance with para-
graph 5, Special Orders, No. 130, Department of California, 1910, and arrived
at destination same date.

August 10. — ^The three batteries of Field Artillery — F, of the First ; and A and
B, of the Fifth, en route to Atascadero for annual target practice and encamped



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