Copyright
United States. War Dept.

Cavalry drill regulations, United States Army online

. (page 24 of 33)
Online LibraryUnited States. War DeptCavalry drill regulations, United States Army → online text (page 24 of 33)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


march on the flank of the column. (PI. VIII.)

For posts at ceremonies and inspections, see pars. 798, 801,
812, 830, 883.

During route marches and field exercises majors go wher-
ever they can best command their squadrons.



POSTS IN THE REGIMENT. 295

742. Staff and no'ticom missioned staff. — At all regimental ex-
ercises except ceremonies (par. 775), the adjutant rides on
the colonel's left; other staff officers (if present) in line in
order of rank from right to left, the senior 3 yards in rear
of the colonel ; the sergeant bugler 3 yards in rear of the staff
officer on the right of the line, the sergeant major, other
members of the noncommissioned staff (if present), and or-
derlies on his left.

743. Band. — In line and in line of columns the left of the
front rank of the band is 12 yards to the right of, and in line
with, the rank of the right squadron or leading subdivision.
In column it is 12 yards in front of the officers of the leading
subdivision.

744. Guard to the standard. — In line and in line of columns
the guard is posted by itself, midway between the second and
third troops of the center squadron, on line with the leading
unit. If there be but two squadrons it is similarly posted be-
tween them. In column, it maintains a corresponding position
in the center of the column. In route marches the guard to
the standard is at the head of the column, in rear of the
orderlies.

745. Headquarters troop, supply troop. — As organizations
these troops have no assigned posts in regimental formations.
In marches and in campaign the headquarters troop (except
the members assigned to squadrons) marches and camps
with the colonel ; the supply troop marches and camps with
the regimental train. *

746. MacTiine-gun troop. — The position of the machine-gun
troop is usually designated by the colonel. In the absence
of such designation its position in all line formations except
ceremonies (par. 783) is 30 yards in rear of the center. In
all column formations, except inspections (par. 883), it is
30 yards in rear of the rear v.nit of the column. In cam-
paign the machine-gun troop will be employed as the colonel
may direct.

Geneeal Peovisions as to Regimental Drills and Exercises.
{See also pars. 322-339 and 446-467.)

747. A squadron, while awaiting the completion of a move*
ment by other squadrons, may be permitted by its major to
stand at case.



296 CAVALRY DRILL REGULATIONS.

748. When leading in person and not certain tliat his com-
mands will be heard or his signals observed, the colonel util-
izes messengers.

749. When the leadership of the regiment is temporarily
turned over to a junior, the staff and noncommissioned staff
accompany the junior (par, 456).

750. If the colonel's orders are transmitted by messenger
(whether an officer or an enlisted man) the messenger uses
the formula, Colonel's (Regimental commander's) orders, Sir,
and then repeats the message in the exact words in which
given, or delivers the message if a written one.

751. The colonel signals or has sounded attention prepar-
atory to giving an oral command or a signal. When the
regiment is in more than one line, if the movement is to be
executed by one of the lines only, first {or such) luie is speci-
fied in the preparatory command ; the commander of the desig-
nated line alone repeats and executes the command.

Regimental Formations.
(Plates XIV, XV, XVI.)

LINE FORMATIONS.

752. Close order:

(1) Line (exceptional for regiment, intervals between
squadrons, 16 yards).

(2) Line of plafaon columns (each squadron in line of
platoon columns, all on line, squadron interval, platoon front
plus 12 yards).

(3) Line of troop columns (each squadron in line of troop
columns, all on line, squadron interval, troop front plus 12
yards).

(4) Line of platoon masses (the squadrons, each in platoon
mass, are abreast with intervals of 16 yards).

(5) Line of masses (the squadrons, each in mass, are
abreast with intervals of 16 yards).

COLUMN FORMATIONS.

(1) Column of fours (each squadron in column of fours,
with distances between squadrons of IT yards).



REGIMENTAL FORMATIONS. 29^

(2) Double column (each squadron in double column, squad-
ron distance, 17 yards).

(3) Column of platoons (each squadron in column of pla-
toons, squadron distance, platoon front plus 13 yards).

(4) Column of masses (each squadron in mass, squadron
distance, 40 yards).

(5) Column of troops (each squadron in column of troops,
squadron distance, troop front plus 13 yards ; exceptional for-
mation for evolutions; used for squadron and regimental in-
spections and for camps) (par. 476).

Echelon: As in squadron, a maneuver formation (normally
the squadrons maintain the formations they had when the
evolution was ordered).

Two (or more) lines: Maneuver formations.

Extended order: Maneuver formations through squadron
commanders.

753. The command for the regiment to pass to the direction
of march from any one of the foregoing close-order formations
to any other such formation consists of the name of the forma-
tion desired followed by the command of execution. Tlius, to
form column of fours from any other close-order formation, as
line of platoon columns, the command is: 1. Column, 2.
MARCH (par. 478).

The commands for taking formations to a flank correspond
to those in The Squadron.

Signals are the same as in The Squadron for formations of
like names. For Line of Masses and Line of Platoon Masses
the corresponding signals in The Squadron are preceded by the
signal for line; for column of masses, by that for column.

Certain formations and evolutions are indicated in Plates
XIV and XV, also an elementary regimental maneuver
against an outlined enemy in Plate XVI. The formation for
the charge is suggestive only and for greater clearness shows
but one (the base) troop of the charging squadron, which
latter actually consists of four troops (less one platoon) led
by the major, the second and third platoons of each troop
regulating on their own base platoons.

Route Marches.

754. The regiment takes route formation at the command,
ROUTE, ORDER.



298 CAVALRY DRILL REGULATIONS.

In route marches, the colonel rides at the head of the
column with the adjutant on his left. They are followed by
the lieutenant colonel, the senior surgeon (if there be more
than one surgeon), and such other staff officers, except supply
officers and junior surgeons, that may be attached to regi-
mental headquarters. They are followed by such of the head-
quarters troop as do not properly ride with the squadron or
tlie train in the following order : The regimental noncommis-
sioned staff, the orderlies, the color guard, and the band.
Regimental headquarters usually marches in column of twos.

The supply officers, the supply troop, and those members of
the headquarters troop whose duties properly lie therewith,
ride with the train. The surgeon, if there be but one ; or, if
there be more than one, the junior surgeons, ride with the
sanitary train.

The major of the leading squadron follows regimental head-
quarters at 20 yards and the squadrons increase their distance
to 20 yards (par. 706).

The Charge.

755. The mounted charge may be executed by the regiment
in accordance with methods prescribed for the squadron, the
colonel and staff taking posts on left of the major and staff of
the base squadron.

The Assembly.

756. At the command, 1. Assemble, 2. MARCH, the squadron
commanders form their squadrons (par. 707) and lead them
toward the colonel. The regiment, without further commands,
is formed as in par. 737. Should the command be, 1. Squad-
rons assemble, 2. MARCH, the squadrons are formed and held
in place awaiting instructions from the colonel.

The Rally.

757. The command, RALLY, by the colonel is repeated as in
The Squadron. Squadron commanders rally their squadrons
(par. 708) and lead them toward the colonel, who gives such
further instructions as circumstances require.



DISMOUNTED ACTION— THE REGIMENT. 299

Extended Order.

758. Formations in extended order are taken as in the squad-
ron ; they are not taken directly by the regiment.

759. After the mechanism of the drill has been learned,
every exercise, in so far as practicable, should be in the nature
of a maneuver against an outlined or represented enemy.
Such exercises should always be conducted under an assumed
situation, which should have been carefully worked out be-
forehand, and each should be followed by a discussion of the
principles involved (pars. 12-22). Fixed or prearranged
methods of attack or defense are prohibited.

The value in action of the regiment as a tactical unit de-
pends not only upon the actual efficiency of its component
units but upon the facility with which the commander can
handle such units in combination.

Dismounted Action.

760. When it is impracticable, owing to the tactical situa-
ation, to the nature of the terrain, or to other causes to accom-
plish by mounted action a mission assigned to the regiment, it
resorts to dismounted combat.

Under tactical situations so considered may be :

(a) Occasions when the proximity of the opposing forces
has practically reduced operations to those of a siege, and
the enemy's numbers and dispositions prevent turning his
flanks.

(b) Instances in which Important defensive positions at a
distance from our main body have been seized and must be
held pending the. arrival of our infantry.

(c) Forcing a defensive position held by the enemy in order
to clear the way for further advance.

(d) In pursuit, to take up positions on the enemy's line of
retreat.

(e) In retreat, to take up corresponding positions in order
to delay his advance.

Under nature of the terrain there may be :

(a) Country that is densely wooded, exceedingly rough, or
very marshy.

Under other causes may be classed conditions such as :

(a) That the horses have become so worn down by service
conditions as to render mounted action inadvisable.



300 CAVALRY DRILL REGULATIONS.

(&) That the time may have been too short to train the
regiment for effective mounted action.

761. The colonel (subject to orders from higher autliority if
the regiment be not acting alone) in his orders gives his squad-
ron commanders information as to the situation and the pro-
posed plan of action, he designates the troops (ordinarily a
squadron) for the regimental reserve, and may designate the
number of troops of each of the other squadrons for the fir-
ing line. The remaining troops of such squadrons constitute
the squadron supports under their respective majors and are
used by them in reinforcing their firing lines after the troop
supports have been absorbed (par. 726).

The regiment is deployed by the colonel's orders.

The fire attack in each squadron is conducted by its major,
captains, and lieutenants as in The Squadron. The colonel, in
attack, designates the base squadron and the general direction
of the enemy ; in defense, the portions of the line to be held
by each squadron and, in general, the sector to be observed
by each ; in both attack and defense, the employment of the
machine guns should be prescribed and the position of the
reserve indicated.

The Regiment in the Brigade.

general considerations.

762. The regiment as part of a larger Cavalry unit conforms
to the principles heretofore laid down, except in so far as
modifications are necessary in order to act harmoniously as a
fraction of the whole.

A brigade reserve is always held out by the brigade com-
mander, thus miflimizing the necessity for a regimental re-
serve (which is always required when the regiment is acting
alone). The regimental reserve should, however, be retained
for use as a local reserve by the colonel and as a support to
his own attacking line in case of need.

THE BRIGADE.

763. The typical Cavalry brigade is a tactical unit and con-
sists of a headquarters and three regiments of Cavalry, com-
manded by a brigadier general.



BRIGADE AND DIVISION. 301

Brigade Formations.

764. The brigade is formed in line of masses, in line of
platoon masses, or in column of masses; intervals and dis-
tances may be varied to suit the occasion.

Regiments in a brigade are posted in line and in column as
the brigade commander may direct. For convenience (such)
regiment is said to be the leading, center, or rear regiment if
in column, or the right, center, or left regiment if in line.

In route marches the brigade moves by regiment and, if
possible, on parallel roads.

Field Exercises.

765. The brigade does not engage in prescribed drills, but is
maneuvered by regiments in field exercises which are con-
ducted by tactical orders formulated to suit the assumed
situation.

766. The general's orders are transmitted by agents of com-
miinicatioii; as a rule each regiment detaches for this purpose
an officer and a bugler for duty at brigade headquarters.

767. The brigade is maneuvered by tactical orders sent to
regimental commanders.

THE DIVISION.

768. The typical Cavalry division is both an administrative
and a tactical unit, and consists of a headquarters, three
Cavalry brigades, one regiment of Field Artillery (horse),
one battalion of mounted engineers, one field signal battalion
(mounted), one aero squadron, one ammunition train, one
supply train, one engineer train, and one sanitary train, and
is commanded by a major general.

769. Batteries of horse artillery that accompany brigades
when detached are, when the division is united, formed with
their regiment.

770. Brigades in the division have designations correspond-
ing to those of regiments in brigade and the same principles
as in the brigade apply to both field and combat exercises.

771. Positions of the Artillery and of special units are pre-
scribed by the division commander.



PLATE XIV.— THE REGIMENT.

(Pars. 752, 753.)



IIH,

mi.
iHi






^m



■v^^.






mi



■III



colone:l\commands: " - - -'

I mCHT FffONT INTO ECHELON. 2.MAffCH.



li
li

is

I



, 1



COLUMN or MASSES



COLONEL \EADING;



NO COMNfANDS.



ffEG/Marr/N une



302











'/Aw






/''A'i>






////' Kitv




/


'/ !!*S^


v^


//'


'/' 1 " 1 '


^v''\'>>


/ / *,




^.* \\


//f'


;:?;


v''3's


.4?'


,/i|\


'v*








'' >' \


/ 1 I \


1




■< <■'<■' ■'■'■''





,\ COLONEL COMMANDS:
^X\ 1. COLUMN or MJiSSES,
\ V\ 2. MANCH.



LEFTSCfDh CENTENS&DN. N/GffT SQ'DH



PLATE XV.— THE REGIMENT.

(Pars. 752, 753. j



COLUMN OF PLATOONS



\ii II I I n If I 1 1 1 II I III 1 1 1 1 1 M 1 1 Ml
T ^Lmi.LZ^\h\hkmbJ.COWMNmHT.ZMMCfi



LINE OF PLATOON COLU^Ns/k / •/ i \ 'I A V"X COLON ELL COMMANDS:
i i i 1 1 J I ! ! ! i ! J i 1 1 i i I i ! i ! I ! ! I 1 1! ! 1 ! i ! I 2.MARCH

i:;ii:i!mj vliyiivTiilj \!'ii;\;;\:i colon eil commands:

V V j' I V y y i' i\ i pt-'f^^OFPLATOONCOU/MHS
l/N£OF77fOOPCawms\ I 1 I I I I I I I I I 2.AMPC//

\S\\\\ \! J I J J

\\\\ \ 1 j / //// colonel COMMANDS:

''•'i^'l.\iii ;..'.'' ILINEOFTPOOP COLUMNS
UNE0FMAS5ES llll HII !|l| 2./tfAPC/f

/Jji /ill \V'\ COLONtL COMMANDS:

♦ ;~r~T ' '
J i • I : i : •
3 i: : ; ! '; colonel commands: i. line of

\ \\''\'.'' \ PLATOON MASSES Z.MARM



REGIMENT IN COLUMN



! Y/'



303



PLATE XVI.— THE REGIMENT.

(Pars. 752, 753.)



COLUMN OF PLA TOONS

III III III III III III III III III III III

COLONEL %\mk\k-.-2.FdUfiS'filGHT,Z.MARaf

; ; ; ■ ; \FORMiNs : ; ; ;:;;;:;; ;|

UNEOF PLATOON COLUMNS \ ; ;



REGIMENT ACTING ALONE



III til III



3tiaUN£



; Mil M.G.TROOP : ; ; : : :

!l III III III III III III

i COLONEL GIVES FOLLOWING ORDERS:

■ TO MAJOaCENTER SgUN: RCGT. TO FORM IN THREE LINES: MOVE CENTER
SO'DN. FORWARD AS FIRST UNE, AT A TROT!
TO MAJOR. RIGHT SQ'D'N: REGT TO FORM IN THREE LINES: FORM RIGHT
a>h';\' SQ'D'N. INLINE OF TROOP COLUMNS AND FOL'

id ' LOtV CENTER SQ'D'N AT 800 YDS. DISTANCE^

lii TO MAJOR. LEFT SWN: REGT TO FORM IN THREE LINES; FORM LEFT
SQVN IN MASS AND FOLLOW RIGHT SC'DTN AT
•-;- aOOrOSDISTANCEl M.G.TROOPmLLREfSRTTOim

> \' -TO 0.0 M.G. TROOP: REGT TO FORM IN THREE LINES; REPORT TO GiO.
\ - ^ LEFTSQriTN.



/ \ \\
/ i \ i'\

ISrUN£\\\ \\\ 11} Mi



1 1 1 ^






w



^y



• /- // ,
//- -

COLONEIL: (NEAR FLANK OF 1ST. LINE] SENDS FOLLOWING:

TO CO. I SI UNE: FORM PLATOON MASS AND CHARGE ENEMY TO LEFT FRONT.

2ND LINE miL SUPPORT YOU/
TO 00 2ND. LINE: F/RST LINE ABOUT TO CHARGE. SUPPORT IT!
TO CO. 3RD. LINE: ACT AS REGIMENTAL RESERVE: MOVE TO SHELTER OF WOODS ON
YOUR LEFT FRONT!
WTE: CO. 1ST LINE DETACHES A PLATOON AS RIGHT FLANK GUARD.

CO. ZND.UNE.UPON RECEIVING ORDaR, DECIDES TO rOUOW FIRST Ul^ IN ECHELON OF COUJMNS.WITH
ONE TROOP AS RIGHT FLANK GUARD.

CO SRD. LINE. UPON REACHING WOODS, RECONNOITRES TO FRONT AND FINDING FIRE ACTION POSSIBLE
PLACES THE MACHINE GUNS AND TWO TROOPS DISMOUNTED ON THE LINE.

304



PART VL— CEREMONIES, INSPECTIONS, AND
MUSTER.

772. The prescribed ceremonies are reviews, parades, escorts
of honor, funeral escorts, escorts to the standard, and guard
mounting.

Genekal Rules for Reviews.
(When applicable to other ceremonies, reference is made.)

773. Reviews are ceremonies tendered to high civil or mili-
tary officials, or to foreign dignitaries ; they may also be
ordered by commanders for the purpose of making a general
inspection of the arms, clothing, equipment, and personnel of
an organization, as well as a test of horsemanship, condition
and endurance of mounts, precision of evolutions, etc.

774. The reviewing ground is usually rectangular in shape
and of a size suited to the command; the troops are formed
on the middle portion of one of the long sides facing the field,
the reviewing officer's post being at the middle point of the
opposite side and facing the troops.

775. Adjutant, staff, and noncommissioned staff: As soon as
the unit has formed on the line and been reported (pars. 797,
810), its commander, staff, and noncommissioned staff turn
about and take corresponding positions facing to the front,
except that the adjutant's post is not with the commanding
officer (par. 742), but on the right of the staff.

776. Band, field music: The band of an organization plays
while the reviewing officer is passing in front and in rear of
the organization. In the march past, it changes direction at
the markers without command and immediately after passing
the reviewing officer, turns out of the column, takes post in
front of and facing the reviewing officer and continues to play
until its regiment has passed. In a review of more than one

88218 °— 18 20 - 305



306 CAVALRY DRILL REGULATIONS.

regiment when the band of the following regiment arrives
within 100 yards of the reviewing officer the band of the pre-
ceding regiment ceases playing and joins its regiment. The
band of the following regiment then begins to play. Whenever
the regimental standard salutes in formations for review, the
National Anthem will be played by the band or To the Stand-
ard, the GeneraVs March and flourishes will be sounded by
the buglers, according to the rank of the personage saluted ;
also in passing in review with the band halted in front of the
reviewing officer, the band continues to play while the flour-
ishes and march are sounded by the buglers with the band
(pars. 908, 922).

When the command is to pass at an increased gait, the baud
remains in front of the reviewing officer and continues to play
until the column has completed* its first change of direction
after passing the reviewing officer. As soon as the increased
gait is taken up by the column, the band plays in appropriate
time. Upon completion of the review, the band returns to the
position it occupied before marching in review or is dismissed
as may be directed.

If, after the first march past, a formation with a front so
wide as to interfere with the band is ordered, the latter takes
position 12 yards to the right of and on line with the review-
ing officer.

When mounted, the band is usually formed in column of
fours ; dismounted, it is formed in two or more ranks with
sufficient intervals between the musicians and distances be-
tween the ranks to permit the free use of instruments.

The buglers, when united, form with and in rear of the band,
their intervals and distances corresponding to those of the
band. When the band is not present, the posts, movements,
and duties of the united buglers are similar to those prescribed
for the band. The posts of the band, dismounted, correspond
to those when mounted.

The post of the first sergeant (drum major) of the band is
3 yards in front of the center of the band ; he gives the signals
for its movements ; when signals are not used, the band is
marched as explained for The Squad, substituting in the
command the word " band " for " squad."

Signals for movement of the band correspond to the saber
signals as far as practicable.



GENERAL RTTLES FOR REVIEWS. 30?

777. Brigades and larger bodies: In review of brigades and
larger or mixed commands, the commander of each regiment
or corresponding unit will maintain the gait and pace after
passing the reviewing officer and, unless otherwise ordered,
will leave the column and return to camp or stables by the
most practicable route, so conducting its march after leaving
the column as not to interfere with the march of the units in
rear.

778. Commanding officer and staff: When the commanding
officer of the unit being reviewed faces the line to give com-
mands, the staff, noncommissioned staff, and orderlies do not
change position.

During each march past the commanding officer of troops
and his staff, after passing the reviewing officer, turn out of
the column, the commanding officer takes post at the right
of the reviewing officer and the members of his staff take
post on the right of the reviewing officer's staff; sabers are
not returned. When the rear element of his command has
passed, the commanding officer of troops, without changing
his position, salutes the reviewing officer ; he and the mem-
bers of his staff then rejoin the command.

If the person reviewing the command be not mounted the
commanding officer and his staff on turning out of the column,
after passing the reviewing officer, dismount, preparatory to
taking post. In such case the salute of the commanding officer,
prior to rejoining his command, is made with the hand before
mounting.

779. Formations: To secure uniformity and precision of
movement platoons should be equalized throughout, as nearly
as practicable, avoiding, however, transfers from one troop
to another.

In forming for review the troops may be placed in any
authorized line formation. The squadi'on is usually formed
in line; it may be in platoon mass; the regiment is -usually
in line of platoon masses or line of masses ; the brigade in line
of masses. If the ground is restricted formations and move-
ments must be adapted to the space and intervals and dis-
tances reduced.

780. Gaits: Mounted troops pass in review the first time
around at a walk and thereafter at sucb gaits as the review-



308 CAVALRY DRILL REGULATIONS.

ing officer may direct. For gaits, if formations are changed
(par. 337).

781. Guidon: At all ceremonies the post of the guidon is on
the right of the rank if the troop is in line, or on the right of
the leading platoon if it is in column of platoons.

782. Headquarters troop : The organization, as such, does not
attend ceremonies, inspections, and muster with the regiment ;
unless excused, all enlisted men, however, attend, forming
on line with and to the left of the regimental noncommissioned
staff. For formation of the headquarters troop by itself for
inspection and muster see par. 886.

783. Machine-gun troop: When the machine-gun troop is
present at review or other ceremonies it maintains its habitual
formation. Its post, in line, is 16 yards to the left of the
rank ; in column, 16 yards in rear of the last element.

784. March in review: The first march past is always made
at a walk and (except in brigades and larger units) in column
of platoons. The reviewing officer may direct subsequent pass-
ings in review at any gait or in any authorized formation. If
he orders the formation changed the evolution is made immedi-
ately after the second change of direction beyond the review-
ing stand. In commands comprising more than one arm the
width of front in the march past is made, as nearly as is prac-
ticable, the same for all arms. Troops march in review with
the reviewing officer on the right or the left of the column ; in



Online LibraryUnited States. War DeptCavalry drill regulations, United States Army → online text (page 24 of 33)