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United States. War Dept.

Manual for noncommissioned officers and privates of cavalry of the Army of the United States. 1917. To be also used by engineer companies (mounted) for cavalry instruction and training online

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Online LibraryUnited States. War DeptManual for noncommissioned officers and privates of cavalry of the Army of the United States. 1917. To be also used by engineer companies (mounted) for cavalry instruction and training → online text (page 6 of 30)
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naturally, right hand holding the rifle. between the thumb and
fingers.




Fig. 3, par. 93.



Fig. 4, par. 93.



MANUAL FOR NONCOMMISSIONED OFFICERS.



69





Fig. 5, par. 94.



94. Being at order arms: 1. Present, 2. ARMS.

AVith the right hand carry the rilie in front of the center of

the body, barrel to the rear and vertical, grasp it with the left
liand at the balance, forearm
horizontal and resting against
the body. (TV70) Grasp the
small of the stock with the
right hand. (Fig. 5.)

95. Being at order arms: 1.
Port, 2. ARMS.

With the right hand raise and
throw the rifle diagonally across
the body, grasp it smartly with
both hands; the right, palm
down, at the small of the
stock ; the left, palm up, at the
balance; barrel up, sloping to
the left and crossing opposite
the junction of the neck with ^j^ q^ ^^j. q^
the left shoulder ; right forearm

horizontal ; left forearm resting against the body ; the rifle in

a vertical plane parallel to the front. (Fig. 6.)

96. Being at present arms: 1. Port, 2. ARMS.

Carry the rifle diagonally across the body and take the posi-
tion of port arms.

97. Being at port arms: 1. Present, 2. ARMS.

Carry the rifle to a vertical position in front of the center of
the body and take the position of present arms.

98. Being at present or port arms: 1. Order, 2. ARMS.

Let go with the right hand ; lower and carry tlie rifle to the
right with the left hand ; regrasp it with the right hand just
above the lower band ; let go with the left hand, and take the
next to the last position in coming to the order. (TWO) Com-
plete the order.

99. Being at order arms: 1. Right shoulder, 2. ARMS.

With the right hand raise and throw the rifle diagonally
across the body ; carry the right hand quickly to the butt,
embracing it, the lieel between the first two fingers. (TWO)
Without changing the grasp of the right hand, place the rifle



70



MANUAL FOR NONCOMMISSIONED OFFICERS.




Fig. 7, par. 99.



on the right shoulder, barrel up and inclined at an angle of
about 45° from the horizontal, trigger guard in the hollow
of the shoulder, right elbow near the side, the
rifle in a vertical plane perpendicular to the
front ; carry the left hand, thumb, and fingers
extended and joined, to the small of the stock,
tip of the forefinger touching the cocking piece,
wrist straight and elbow down. (THREE) Drop
the left hand by the side. (Fig. 7.)

100. Being at right shoulder arms: 1. Order,
2. ARMS.

Press the butt down quickly and throw the
rifle diagonally across the body, the right hand
retaining the grasp of the butt. (TWO),
(THREE) Execute order arms as described
from port arms.

101. Being at port arms: 1. Right shoulder,
2. ARMS.

Change the right hand to the butt. (TWO), (THREE) As in
right" shoulder arms from order arms.

102. Being at right shoulder arms: 1, Port, 2. ARMS.
Press the butt down quickly and throw the rifle diagonally

across the body, the right hand retaining its grasp of the butt.
(TWO) Change the right hand to the small of the stock.

103. Being at right shoulder arms: 1. Present, 2. ARMS.
Execute port arms. (THREE) Execute present arms.

104. Being at present arms: 1. Right shoulder, 2. ARMS.
Execute port arms. (TWO), (THREE), (FOUR). Execute

right shoulder arms as from port arms.

105. Being at port arms: 1. Left shoulder, 2. ARMS.

Carry the rifle with the right hand and place it on the left
shoulder, barrel up, trigger guard in the hollow of the shoul-
der ; at the same time grasp the butt with the left hand, heel
between first and second fingers, thumb and fingers closed on
the stock. (TWO) Drop the right hand by the side.

Left shoulder arms may be ordered directly from the order,
right shoulder, or present, or the reverse. At the command
Arms execute port arms and continue in cadence to the posi-
tion ordered.



MANTTAI FOR NONCOMMISSIONED OFFICERS.



71




106. Beingr at left shoulder arms: 1. Port, 2. ARMS.

Grasp the rifle with the right hand at the small of the stock.
(TWO) Carry the rifle to the right with the right hand, re-
grasp it with the left and take the position
of port arms.

107. Being at order arms: 1. Parade, 2. REST.
Carry the right foot 6 inches straight to the

rear, left knee slightly bent ; carry the muzzle

in front of the center of the body, barrel to

the left; grasp the rifle with the left hand

just below the stacking swivel

_ and with the right hand below

and against the left. (Fig. 8.)

Being at parade rest: 1.

Squad, 2. ATTENTION.

Resume the order, the left
hand quitting the rifle oppo-
site the right hip.

108. Being at order, arms. 1.
Trail, 2. ARMS.

Raise the rifle, right arm
slightly bent, and incline the
muzzle forward so that the
barrel makes an angle of
about 30° with the vertical.
(Fig. 9.)
When it can be done without danger or in-
convenience to others, the rifle may be
grasped at the balance and muzzle lowered
until the rifle is horizontal ; a similar position
in the left hand may be used.

109. Being at trail arms: 1. Order, 2. ARMS.
Lower the rifle with the right hand and
resume the order. Fig. 10, par. lie.




Fig. 8, par. 107.



Fig. 9, par. 108.




EIFLE SALUTE.



110. Being at right shoulder arms: 1. Rifle, 2. SALITTE.
Carry the left hand smartly to the small of the stock, fore-
arm horizontal, palm of the hand down, thumb and fingers



72



MANUAL FOR NONCOMMISSIONED OFFICEES.



extended and joined, forefinger touching end of cocking piece ;
look toward ttie person saluted. (TWO) Drop left hand by the
side; turn head and eyes to the front. (Fig. 10.)
With the rifle on the left

shoulder, the salute is ren-
dered in a corresponding

manner with the right

hand.

111. Being at order or trail

arms: 1. Rifle, 2. SALUTE.
Carry the left hand

smartly to the right side,

palm of the hand down,

thumb and fingers extended

and joined, forefinger against

the rifle near the muzzle ;

look toward the person

saluted. (TWO) Drop the

left hand by the side ; turn fig. 12, par. 112.
the head and eyes to the front. (Fig. 11.)




Fig. 11, par. 111.




THE INSPECTION.

112. Being at order arms: 1. Inspection, 2. ARMS.

At the second command, take the position of port arms.
(TWO) Seize the bolt handle with the thumb and forefinger
of the right hand, turn the handle up, draw the bolt back and
glance at the chamber. Having found the chamber empty, or
having emptied it, raise the head and eyes to the front.
(Fig. 12.)

113. Being at inspection arms: 1. Order (right shoulder,
port), 2. ARMS.

At the preparatory command, push the bolt forward, turn
the handle down, puJl the trigger, and resume port arms. At
the command arms complete the movement ordered.

TO DISMISS.



114. Being at halt: 1. Inspection, 2. ARMS, 3. Port, 4. ARMS,
5, DISMISSED.



HANTTAL FOR NONCOMMISSIONED OFFICERS. 78

TO STACK AND TAKE ASITS.

115. Three rifles only are used to make a stack; rifles not
so used are, in this connection, termed loose rifles.

Being in line at a halt: STACK ARMS.

At the command stack, No. 3 steps back and covers No. 3,
No. 2 raises his rifle with the right hand, grasps it with the
left at the upper band and rests the butt between his feet, bar-
rel to the front, muzzle inclined slightly to the front and oppo-
site the center of the interval on his right, the thumb and
forefinger raising the stacking swivel ; No. 3 then passes his
rifle, barrel to the rear, to No. 2, who grasps it between the
bands with his right hand and throws the butt about 2 feet in
advance of that of his own rifle and opposite the right of the
interval, the right hand slipping to the upper band, the thumb
and forefinger raising the stacking swivel, which he engages
with that of his own rifle ; No. 1 raises his rifle with the right
hand, carries it well forward, barrel to the front, the left hand
guiding the stacking swivel, engages the lower hook of the swivel
of his own rifle with. the free hook of that of No. 3; he then
turns the barrel outward into the angle formed by the other
two rifles and lowers the butt to the ground to the right of
and against the toe of his right shoe. No. 2 lays loose rifles
on the stack ; No. 3 resumes his place in line. When each
man has finished handling rifles, he takes the position of
attention. The instructor may then rest or dismiss the squad,
leaving the arms stacked.

On re-forming, the men take their places in rear of the
stacks.

116. Being in line, behind the stacks: TAKE ARMS.

No. 3 steps back and covers No. 2 ; No. 2 returns the loose
rifles, then grasps his own rifle with the left hand, the rifle
of No. 3 with his right hand, grasping both between the bands;
No. 1 grasps his rifle in the same way with the right hand.
No. 1 disengages his rifle by raising the butt from the ground
and then turning the rifle to the right, detaches it from the
stack ; No. 2 disengages and detaches his rifle by turning it
to the left, and then passes the rifle of No. 3 to him, ; No. 3
resumes his place in line ; all resume the order.



74



MANUAL FOE NONCOMMISSIONED OFFICESS,





KNEELING AND LYING DOWN.

117. If standing: KNEEL.

Half face to the right; carry the right toe about 1 foot to
the left rear of the left heel ; kneel on the right knee, sitting
as nearly as possible on the right heel ; left
forearm across left thigh ; rifle remains in
position of order arms, right hand grasping
it above the lower band. This is the position
of order arras, kneeling. (Fig. 13.)

118. If

standing or

k n e e li n g :

LIE DOWN.

Kneel, but

FIG. 13, par. 117. Y'^''' ^ ^ ^^ ^,
' ^ knee against

left heel ; carry back the left foot and lie flat on the belly,

inclining body about 35° to the right ; rifle horizontal, barrel

up, muzzle off the ground and pointed to the front ; elbows on

the ground ; left hand at the balance, right hand grasping the

small of the stock opposite the neck. This is the position of

order arms, lying down. (Fig. 14.)

119. If kneeling or lying down : RISE.

If kneeling, stand up, faced to the front, on the ground
marked by the left heel.

If lying down, raise the body on both knees ; stand up, faced
to the front, on the ground marked by the knees.

120. If lying down: KNEEL.

Kaise the body on both knees, take the position of kneel.
When deployed as skirmishers, a sitting position may be
taken instead of the position kneeling.



Fia. 14, par. 118.



II. INSTRUCTION WITH THE RIFLE.



23. The commands for and the execution of the foot move-
ments are the same as already given for movements without
the rifle.

24. The men having taken intervals or distances, the in-
f^trnvtor commands:



MANUAL FOR NONCOMMISSIONED OFFICERS.



75



1. Bayonet exercise, 2. GUARD.

At the second command take tlie position of guard (see par.
15) ; at the same time
throw the rifle smartly
to tlie front, grasp the
rifle with the left hand
just below the lower
band, fingers between
the stock and gun
sling, barrel turned
slightly to the left, the
right hand grasping the
small of the stock
about 6 inches in front
of the right hip, elbows
free from the body,
bayonet point at the
height of the chin.

25. 1. Order, 2. ARMS.
Bring the right foot

up to the left and the
rifle to the position of
order arms, at the
same time resuming
the position of atten-
tion.

26. During the pre-
liminary instruction,
attacks and defenses
will be executed from guard until proficiency is attained, after
which they may be executed from any position in which the
rifle is held.




Fig. 15, par. 24.



ATTACKS.

27. 1. THRUST.

Thrust the rifle quickly forward to the full length of the left
arm, turning the barrel to the left, and direct the point of the
bayonet at the point to be attacked, but covering the right
forearm. At the same time straighten the right leg vigor-
ously and throw the weight of the body forward and on the



76



MASriTAL FOE NOKTCOIIMISSIONED OFriCERS.



left leg, the ball of the right foot always on the ground.
Guard is resumed immediately without command.
The force of the thrust is delivered principally with




the right arm, the left
being used to direct the
bayonet. The points at
which the attack should be
direclsed are, in order of
theii \mrA)rtance, stomach,
chest, head, neck, and
limbs. Fig. 17, par. 29.

28. 1. LTJNGE.

lOxccuted in the same manner as the thrust, except that the
left foot is carried forward about twice its length. The left



MANUAL FOR NONCOMMISSIONED OFFICERS. 77

sumecl by advancing the right foot if for any reason it is de-
heel must always be in rear of the left knee. Guard is re-
sumed immediately without command. Guard may also be re-




FiG. 18, par. 28.



sired to hold the ground gained in lunging. In the latter case
the preparatory command forward will be given. Each method
should be practiced.

29. 1. Butt, 2. STRIKE.

Straighten right arm and right ]eg vigorously and sv/ing
butt of rifle against point of attack, pivoting the rifle in the
left hand at about the height of the left shoulder, allowing the
bayonet to pass to the rear on the left side of the head. Guard
is resumed without command.

The points of* attack in their order of importance are head,
neck, stomach, and crotch.

30. 1. Cut, 2. DOWN.

Execute a quick downward stroke, edge of bayonet directed
at point of attack. Guard is resumed without command.




Par. 19.



31. 1. Cut, 2. HIGHT
(LEFT).

With a quick exten-
sion of the arms exe-
cute a cut to the ripht
(left), directing the
edge toward the point
attaclced. Guard is re-
sumed without com-
mand.

The cuts are esp'e-
pecially useful against
the head, neck, and
hands of an enemy. In
executing left cut it
should be remembered
that the false, or back,
edge is only 5.G inches
long. The cuts can be
executed in continua-
tion of strokes, thrusts,
lunges, and parries.

32. To direct an at-
tack to the right, left,
or rear the soldier will
change front as quickly
as possible in the most
convenient manner, for
example: 1. To the
right rear, 2. Cut, 3.
DOWN; 1. To the rigrht,
2. LUNGE; 1. To the
left, 2. THPwTJST, etc.

Whenever possibly
the impetus gained by
the turning movement
of the body should be
thrown into the attack.
In general this will be
best accomplished by
turning on the bull of
the right foot.

(7«)



Par. 20.



MANUAL FOR NONCOMMISSIONED OFFICEES. 79

These movements constitute a change of front in which the
position of guard is resumed at the completion of the move-
ment.

33. Good judgment of distance is essential. Accuracy in
thrusting and lunging is best attained by practicing these
attacks against rings or other convenient openings, about 3
inches in diameter, suitably suspended at desired heights.

34. The thrust and lunges at rings should first be prac-
ticed by endeavoring to hit the opening looked at. This should
be followed by directing the attack against one opening while
looking at another.

35. The soldier should also experience the effect of actual
resistance offered to the bayonet and the butt of the rifle in
attacks. This will be taught by practicing attacks against a
dummy.

36. Dummies should be constructed in such a manner as to
permit the execution of attacks without injury to the point or
edge of the bayonet or to the barrel or stock of the rifle. A
suitable dummy can be made from pieces of rope about 5 feet
in length plaited closely together into a cable between 6 and 12
inches in diameter. Old rope is preferable. Bags weighted
qnd stuffed with hay, straw, shavings, etc., are also suitable.

DEFENSES.

37. In the preliminary drills in the defenses the position of
guard is resumed, by command, after each parry. When the
men have become proficient the instructor will cause them
to resume the position of guard instantly without command
after the execution of each parry.

38. 1. Parry, 2. RIGHT.

Keeping the right hand in the guar^ position, move the rifle
sharply to the right with the left arm, so that the bayonet
point is about 6 inches to the right.

39. 1 Parry, 2. LEFT.

Move the rifle sharply to the left front with both hands so
as to cover the point attacked.

iO. 1. Parry, 2. HIGH.

Raise the rifle with both hands high enough to clear the
line of vision, barrel downward, point of the bayonet to the
left front



80



MANTTAL FOR NONCOMMISSIONED OFFICERS.



When necessary to raise the rifle well above the head, it
may be supported between the thumb and forefinger of the
left hand. This position will be necessary against attacks

from higher eleva-
tions, such as men
mounted or on top of
parapets.

41. 1. Low parry, 2. RIGHT (LEFT).
Carry the point of the bayonet down

until it is at the height of the knee,
moving the point of the bayonet suffi-
ciently to the right (left), to keep the
opponent's attacks clear of the point
threatened.

These parries are rarely used, as an
attack below the waist leaves the head
and body exposed.

42. Parries must not be too wide or
sweeping, but sharp, short motions, fin-
ished with a jerk or quick catch. The
hands should, as far as possible, be
kept in the line of attack. Parries
against butt strike are made by quickly
moving the guard so as to cover the
point attacked.

43. To provide against attack from
the right, left, or rear the soldier will
change front as quickly as possible in
the most convenient manner ; for ex-
ample: 1. To the left rear, 2. Parry, 3.
HIGH; 1. To the right, 2. Parry, 3.
RIGHT, etc.

These movements constitute a change
of front in which the position of guard is resumed at the com-
pletion of the movement.

In changing front for the purpose of attack or defense, if
there is danger of wounding a comrade, the rifle should first
be brought to a vertical position.




Fig. 21, par. 40.



MANITAI FOR NONCOMMISSIONED OFFICERS.
III. INSTETJCTION WITHOUT THE BAYONET.



81



44. 1. Club rifle, 2. SWING.

Being at order arms, at the preparatory command quickly
raise and turn the rifle, regrasping it with both hands between
the rear sight and muzzle, barrel down, thumbs around the stock





Fig. 22, par. 41.



Fig. 23, par. 41.



and toward the butt; at the same time raise the rifle above
the shoulder farthest from the opponent, butt elevated and to
the rear, elbows slightly bent and knees straight. Each indi-
vidual takes such position of the feet, shoulders, and hands
as best accords with his natural dexterity. SWING. Tighten



MANUAL FOR NONCOMMISSIONED OFFICERS.



the gi-asp of the hands and swing the rifle to the front and
downward, directing it at the head of the opponent, and
immediately return to tlie position of club rifle by complet-




FiG. 24, par, 44.



Fig. 25, par. 44.



ing the swing of the rifle downward and to the rear. Repeat
by the command, SWING.

Tlio rifle slioiild be swung with sufficient force to break
through any guard or parry that may be interposed.

Being at club rifle, order arms is resumed by command.



1LA.NTJAI FOR NONCOinnSSIONED OFriCESS. 83

The use of this attack against dummies or In fencing is pro-
hibited.

45. The position of club rifle mny be taken from any posi-
tion of the rifle prescribed in the Manual of Arms. It will not
be taken in personal combat unless the emergency is such as
to preclude the use of the bayonet.

IV. COD^EINED KOVEMENTS.

46. The purpose of combined movements is to develop more
vigorous attacks and more effective defenses than are obtaine<l
by the single movements; to develop skill in passing from at-
tack to defense and the reverse. Every movement to the front
should be accompanied by an attack, which is increased in
effectiveness by the forward movement of the body. Every
movement to the rear should ordinarily be accompanied by a
parry and should always be followed by an attack. Movements
to the right or left may be accompanied by attacks or defenses.

47. Not more than three movements will be used in any
combination. The instructor should first indicate the num-
ber of movements that are to be combined as two movements
or three movements. The execution is determined by one
command of execution, and the position of guard is taken
upon the completion of tlie last movement only.

EXAMPUCa.

Front pass and ITINGE.

night step and THRUST.

Left step and low parry RIGHT.

Bear pass, parry left and LUNGE.

Lunge and cut RIGHT.

Parry right and parry HIGH.

Butt strike and cut DOWN.

Thrust and parry HIGH.

Parry high and LTJNGE.

Advance, thrust and cut RIGHT.

Right step, parry left and cut DOWN.

To the left, butt strike and cut DOWN.

To the right rear, cut down and butt STRIKE.



84 MANUAL FOR NONCOMMISSIONED OFFICERS.

48. Attacks against dummies will be practiced. The ap-
proach will be made against the dummies both in quick time
and double time.

V. PRACTICAL BAYONET COMBAT.

49. The principles of practical bayonet combat should be
taught as far as possible during the progress of instruction In
bayonet exercises.

50. The soldier must be continually impressed with the ex-
treme importance of the offensive due to its moral effect. Should
an attack fail, it should be followed immediately by another
attack before the opponent has an opportunity to assume the
offensive. Keep the opponent on the defensive. If, due to cir-
cumstances, it is necessary to take the defensive, constantly
watch for an opportunity to assume the offensive and take im-
mediate advantage of it.

51. Observe the ground with a view to obtaining the best
footing. Time for this will generallj^ be too limited to permit
more than a single hasty glance.

52. In personal combat watch the opponent's eyes if they
can be plainly seen, and do not fix the eyes on his weapon nor
upon the point of your attack. If his eyes can not be plainly
seen, as in night attacks, watch the movements of his weapon
and of his body.

53. Keep the body well covered and deliver attacks vigor-
ously. The point of the bayonet should always be kept as
nearly as possible in the line of attack. The less the rifle Is
moved upward, downward, to the right, or to the left, the
better prepared the soldier is for attack or defense.

54. Constantly watch for a chance to attack the opponent's
left hand. His position of guard will not differ materially
from that described in paragraph 24. If his bayonet is with'
out a cutting edge, he will be at a great disadvantage.

55. The butt is used for close and sudden attacks. It is
particularly useful in riot duty. From the position of port
arms a sentry can strike a severe blow with the butt of the
rifle.

56. Against a man on foot, armed with a sword, be careful
that the muzzle of the rifle is not grasped. All the swords-



MANUAL POR NONCOMMISSIONED OFFICERS. 85

man's enorjries will be directed toward gettinj? past the bayo-
net. Attack him witli short, stnbbing thrusts and keep him
beyond stril^inj; distance of liis weapon.

57. The adversary may attempt a greater extension in the
thrust and lunge by quitting the grasp of his piece with the
left hand and advancing the right as far as possible. When
this is done, a sharp parry may cause him to lose control of
his rifle, leaving him exposed to a counter attack, which should
follow promptly.

58. Against odds a small number of men can fight to best
advantage by grouping themselves so as to prevent their being
attacked from behind.

59. In fighting a mounted man armed with a saber every
effort must be made to get on his near, or left, side, because
here his reach is much shorter and his parries much weaker.
If not possible to disable such an enemy, attack his horse and
then renew the attack on the horseman.

60. In receiving night attacks the assailant's movements can
be best observed from the kneeling or prone position, as his
approach generally brings him against the sky line. When he
arrives within attacking distance rise quickly and lunge well
forward at the middle of his body.

VI. FENCING EXERCISES.

61. Fencing exercises in two lines consist of combinations
of thrusts, parries, and foot movements executed at command
or at will, the opponent replying with suitable parries and
returns.

62. The Instructor will inspect the entire fencing equipment
before the exercise begins and assure himself that everything
is in such condition as will prevent accidents.

63. The men equip themselves and form in two lines at the
order, facing each other, with intervals of about 4 paces be-
tween files and a distance of about 2 paces between lines.
One line is designated as number 1; the other, number 2.
Also as attack and defense.



Online LibraryUnited States. War DeptManual for noncommissioned officers and privates of cavalry of the Army of the United States. 1917. To be also used by engineer companies (mounted) for cavalry instruction and training → online text (page 6 of 30)