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between the patient and the table, and when the application was made
and set, the thin steel shelf on which the pelvis rested might be readily
withdrawn from between the bandage and the patient. It was similar
in action to the rest shown by Dr. T. H. Myers at the last meeting of
the Society. The standard or vertical part, 6 x i J^^ x % inches, was
forged at its upper end into a thin, horizontal shelf 10 x 2 inches, and



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400 The American Practitioner and News.

at its lower end it was bent at a right ang^le to form the bar, ii inches
long, which rested on the table. The cross-pieces, ii inches long, of
lighter steel, were provided with mortises, by which they could be
removed for packing or adjusted by sliding them along on the bar until
they were in position to hold the apparatus firmly, without rocking, on
the table.



A Text-Book of Anatomy* By American Authors. Edited by Prbderic H. Ghr-
RISH, M. D., Professor of Anatomy in the Medical School of Maine at Bowdoin
College. In one magnificent imperial octavo volume of 915 pages with 950
engravings in black and colors. Cloth, $6.50, net ; flexible waterproof binding for
the dissecting table, $7.00, net; full leather, $7.50, net. Philadelphia and New
York : Lea Brothers & Co., Publishers.

In a previous number we announced in unusual fullness the early
appearance of this promising work. We feel entirely sure that none of
our readers will feel disappointment on becoming acquainted with the work
itself.

In one way it is a disappointment. We have looked for a work whose
illustrations should have been based on original dissections and drawings
produced in our own land. But instead we find them largely borrowed
from European workers.

They have been added to, however, in a very creditable way, and taken
altogether the authors are well able to say that " every thing that is best
this volume strives to embody.'* The illustrations, it is rightly contended,
far outnumber and exceed in size and in profusion of colors those in any
previous work, and they can well claim to be the most successful series of
anatomical pictures in the world.

The book opens with an introductory by the editor which appears to be
an eflFort to inspire with his own enthusiasm the beginner in anatomy, and
it is well calculated to accomplish a task which we have often heard spoken
of in hyperbole, that is, clothing dry bones with life. It well reveals the
secret of the author's devotion to this most interesting study.

The work is not so exhaustive as such classical works as Gray and
Morris, the authors having left oflF mention of many unimportant relations
as only calculated to tax the memory without profit or practical result.
Indeed, they declare they would willingly have eliminated more but for the
peculiar notions of many examiners who have not yet emancipated them-
selves from the trammels of tradition.

The authors have succeeded, as they aimed, in making a text-book
which, as far as possible, shall stand in the place of the living teacher to the
student—selecting from the vast accumulation of material those portions
which are likely to be of actual service to the pupil in his subsequent



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The American Practitioner and News. 401

study and to the practitioner in his clinical work, emphasizing the most
important, striving to clarify obscurities, giving the greatest amount of
help in the parts which are most difficult to learn, and illustrating every
thing by all available methods. An especially valuable feature for students
is the handsome flexible waterproof binding, which can be sponged clean
without injury as often as necessary. d. t. s.

A Review of Recent Legal DecUions Affecting Physicians, Dentists, Druggists,
and the Public Health. Together with a Brief for the Prosecution of Unlicensed
Practitioners of Medicine, Dentistry, or Pharmacy; with a Paper upon Man-
slaughter, Christian Science and the Law, and Other Matter. By A. W. Purring-
TON, of the New York Bar, Counsel of the Dental Society and Lecturer on Medical
and Dental Jurisprudence in the New York College of Dentistry. 105 pp. Price,
50 cents. New York : E. B. Treat & Co. 1899.

This little book by one of the collaborators of Allan McLane Hamil-
ton's *' System of Legal Medicine " is a work that will meet a widely felt
want. It embraces chapters on cases affecting medical men, the purpose
and justification of medical laws, dentistry as a specialty of medicine, the
pharmacist as a medical man, differentiations of medical men, need of
examining boards, and the methods of enforcing medical laws.

These are followed by a form of brief suitable for the lawyer in the
prosecution and defense of all forms of alleged violation of medical laws.
However justly the author may favor the elevation of dentistry, he does
seem to be crowding matters or his school for him in the title of his profes-
sorship. We shall next have aural and nasal jurisprudence, and then all
the rest in time. d. t. s.

Saunders' Medical Hand Atlases. Atlas of the External Diseases of the Eye, includ-
ing a Brief Treatise on the Pathology and Treatment. By Prop. Dr. O. Haab, of
Zurich. Authorized Translation from the German. Edited by Gborgb E. db
SCHWBINITZ, A. M., M. D., of Philadelphia. With seventy-six colored plates and
six engravings. 224 pp. Price, $3.00. Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders. 1899.

It would seem impossible that one hundred thousand copies of a med-
ical work could be sold in this country when we consider the number of
candidates for professional favor. But of the different volumes of this
series the sales have already passed this mark, and are well on the way
toward two hundred thousand.

Twenty years ago an atlas giving all that the volume before us gives
would have been published in fascicles by subscription, at a cost of perhaps
never less than twenty or thirty dollars. But in each of these, owing to
improvements in color printing and the advance of skill as well as science,
the student will find in a comparatively small volume a vivid illustra-
tion of all the points in the various branches of medicine that can be pre-
sented in this way.

In this volume every form of disease of the eye whose study can be
facilitated by illustration is portrayed in colors, so accurate and lifelike that
it offers all the advantages of an extensive clinic.

80



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402 The American Practitioner and News.

These works are works of diagnosis only, and as diseases do not
change, they will never need to be thrown aside, unless possibly, and it
seems only possibly, they shall be greatly surpassed by some other in excel-
lence. D. T. s.

Practical Materia Medica for Nurses. 'With an Appendix Containing Poisons and
their Antidotes; with Poison Emergencies, Mineral Waters, Weights and
Measures, Dose List, and a Glossary of the Terms Used in Materia Medica and
Therapeutics. By Emii^y A. M. Stoney, Graduate of the Training School for
Nurses, Lawrence, Mass.; Author of Practical Points in Nursing, etc. 306 pp.
Price, $1.50. Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders. 1899.

This work is a compilation whose chief merit is its simplicity. It is
such a work as might be needed by an intelligent trained nurse who
wanted to gratify her curiosity as to what the doctor was giving and to fol-
low intelligently his directions.

The part relating to poisons forms a ready working guide, though it is
not to be hoped that great success is to follow the antidotal treatment of
poisoning by persons of such attainments as are to be expected in those
who are likely to use this book. d. t. s.

Materia Medica and Therapeutics. An Introduction to the Rational Treatment of
Disease. By J. MiTCHEi^L Bruce, M. A. (Aberd.), M. D. (Lond.), Examiner in Medi-
cine in the University of Cambridge, etc. 609 pp. Philadelphia : Lea Brothers
& Co.

This book is offered as a rational guide to the student and practitioner
of medicine in the treatment of disease, and it is mainly therapeutic in
scope. While the materia medica has not been sacrificed, it is set forth in
detail in a concise and at the same time natural arrangement, that presents
the subject in such a form that it can be quickly appreciated and easily
remembered.

The author attaches particular importance to the plan which he has
adopted in the description of the Special Therapeutics, and which consists
in systematically tracing the physiological actions and uses of the different
drugs in their passage through the body, from their first contact with it
locally until they are eliminated in the secretions.

In the part of the Manual devoted to General Therapeutics he has
further departed from the ordinary arrangement by discussing the actions
and uses of remedies, not under the headings of artificial groups, but of the
physiological systems of the body (digestion, respiration, etc.), so as to
conduct the student from facts with which he is familiar to the great prin-
ciples of treatment.

The present edition has been brought up to the latest advances in the
knowledge of the uses of the Materia Medica. The section devoted to
pharmacodynamics is especially instructive and interesting. It helps the
physician in the way of practicing by principles and rules and not by rote —
exalting therapeutics as a science as well as an art. While no practitioner



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The American Practitioner and News. 403

with proper respect for his own intelligence would blindl> follow any one,
we believe we would be justified in saying that a safer teacher than the
author of this work does not to-day offer his precepts to students of medi-
cine. D. T. s.

The Medical Complications, Accidents, and Sequels of Typhoid or Enteric
Fever. By Hobart Amory Hare, M. D., B. Sc, Professor of Therapeutics in
the Jefferson Medical College of Philadelphia; Physician of the Jefferson Medical
College Hospital ; Laureate of the Medical Society of London, of the Academic
Roy ale de Medicine de Belgique, etc. With a Special Chapter on the Mental Dis-
turbances Following Typhoid Fever. By F. X. Dbrcum, M. D., Clinical Profes-
sor of Diseases of the Nervous System in the Jefferson Medical College. 286 pp.
Price, $2.40, net Philadelphia and New York: Lea Brothers & Co. 1899.

Recognizing the fact that in the vast literature of typhoid fever not only
have all the typical forms of typhoid fever received exhaustive attention,
but that even false notions of the fixity of type have been so fully impressed
upon the medical mind as to be productive of confusion and mistake, when
cases are met with manifesting something different from what are con-
sidered the usual features, the author has devoted this book to such aber-
rant forms.

And indeed such a book is greatly needed. It was needed sooner to
kill off the errors about typho-malarial fever and mountain fever that
seemed at one time to threaten to swallow up typhoid fever altogether.

With the pure and penetrating searchlight thrown on the subject by this
treatise, the careful physician need be no longer puzzled if he fails to find
the hard and fast rules of father-to-son text-books as often violated as
observed in his experience with this widely prevalent fever.

Outside of its usefulness as a long-needed guide, the style of presenting
the subject makes it one of the most interesting books to read that has been
produced in any department of medicine. It is indeed a book that no
progressive physician can afford to deny himself. d. t. s.

Text-Book of Ophthalmology. By Ernest Fuchs, Professor of Ophthalmology in
the University of Vienna, Authorized Translation Revised from the Seventh
Enlarged and Improved German Edition. By A. Duane, M. D., Assistant Sur-
geon, Ophthalmic and Aural Institute, New York. With two hundred and seventy-
seven illustrations. Second American edition. 860 pp. New York : D. Appleton
& Co. 1899.

As Stated by the translator in the prefaces, five German editions of this
book have been issued since the first edition of the translation was issued
in this country. Bach of them has been characterized by the addition of
important new matter and by the thorough revision of the old. This is par-
ticularly the case with the last or seventh edition, which, in addition to the
merits of lucidity, judicious treatment of the subject, and excellence of
proportion and balance that have always characterized Prof. Fuch*s treatise,
bears ever)rwhere the marks of the most thorough revision, of additions



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404. The American Practitioner and News.

and corrections, bringing the book up to date in all its parts, so that it
presents an excellent summary of ophthalmological science as we know it
to-day.

The most marked changes are met with in the sections on functional
examination, the pathology of corneal and conjunctival diseases, and the
diseases of the fundus. The translator has thought proper to insert two
new sections, one upon heterophoria and one upon the use of homatropine
and the other cycloplegics, and the general subject of the correction of
refractive errors. Added to these excellencies cited by the translator, it
remains to be said that he himself has performed his task superbly by
turning the German text into smooth, flowing, and expressive English. In
looking over the list of delicate operations about the eye, it seems that
there is scarcely one of them that is not due to German patience and
ingenuity, one or all of the leading methods in each case being named for
some German operator.

The letter-press as well as the illustrations complete the excellencies of
the book, which assure for it an improvement on the high position and
great usefulness of the former edition. d. t. s.



Some Obscure Cases of Food Poisoning. — A danger to which at
times the community is exposed, and for which, in some instances, it is dif-
ficult to suggest a remedy, is well exemplified in some cases of food
poisoning reported to the Local Government Board by the medical officer of
health of the borough of Crewe. The fons et origo malt appears to have
been in each instance pressed pigs* cheek, which was obtained at a pork
butcher's shop. There was nothing in regard to the taste and appearance
of the .cheek which could arouse suspicion, and one consumer even stated
that it '* tasted splendid." Further, there is no reason for thinking that the
other articles of food partaken with it, such as tea, milk, sugar, bread, mus-
tard, and salt could have produced toxic symptoms. The symptoms were
chiefly intense abdominal pain, retching, and purging. In some instances
sleepiness was a marked symptom, as was also dizziness. It is clear that a
portion only of the food was infective, since but a few of those who partook
of the food were poisoned in the manner indicated. Unfortunately, it was
impossible to secure any portion of the food, or even any vomited matters
or dejecta for examination. The cellar where the food was kept was ap-
parently free from reproach, an inspection satisfying the medical officer of
health that in this place there were no visible agencies of infection. The
conclusion appears to be that ptomaines or the chemical products of bacte-
rial action were the cause of the mischief. The case affords another lesson,
in connection with our remarks last week, on the steps which the Govern-
ment should take to prevent meat extracts being made from filthy sub-
stances such as putrid livers and other offal. — Lancet,



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The American Practitioner and News

'*NEC TENUl PENnA,"

Vol. 27. MAY 18. 1899. No. lO.

H. A. COTTELL, M. D., Editor.

A Journal of Medldne and Surg:ery, published on the first and fifteenth of each
month. Price, $a per year, postage paid.

This journal is devoted solely to the advancement of medical science and the promotion of the
interests of the whole profession. Essays, reports of cases, and correspondence upon subjects of pro-
fessional interest are solicited. The editor is not responsible for the views of contributors.

Books for review, and all communications relating to the columns of the journal, should be
addressed to the Editor of Thb Ambricait Practitioiybr and Nbws, Louisville, Ky.

SutMcriptions and advertisements received, specimen copies and bound volumes for sale by the
undersigned, to whom remittances may be sent by postal money order, bank check, or registered
letter. Address jqhN P. MORTON A COMPANY. Lonlsvllle, Ky.

THE MITCHELL (IND.) DISTRICT MEDICAL SOCIETY.



This vigorous medical body which is somewhere near its twentieth
birthday will hold its regular summer meeting at West Baden Springs,
June 22d and 23d proximo. The President and Secretary are our good
friends and whilom classmates, Drs. E. P. Easley and U. S. Hon.
With such leadership we venture the prediction that the meeting of
1899 will rival if it does not eclipse the best meeting the Society ever
held.

The programme is up to date in scientific and oratorical features,
while the entertainment in such a place at such a time will be simply
royal.

A warm invitation is extended to the doctors of Kentucky and other
States that touch Indiana, and with such inducements the list of
visitors must be large.



THE AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION.



The American Medical Association will meet at Columbus, Ohio,
on June 6th, 7th, and 8th, prox. As the place of the coming meeting
is in such close proximity, it may be expected that the Kentucky dele-
gation will be unusually large. A special train will leave Louisville,



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4o6 The American Practitioner and News.

Monday, June 5th, at 12:45 p. m., arriving at Columbus at 7:35 p. m.
Every thing pertaining to the safety and comfort of the passengers
will be carefully attended to. The following from the Journal of the
Association will give the delegates some faint notion of the good
things in store for them :

Among other plans for the coming meeting of the Association are the
following: A reception to the visitors will be given on June 8th at the
Columbus Auditorium, to which the members of the Board of Trade and
their wives will be invited. Governor Bushnell will give a reception in
their honor at the State Capitol. An informal entertainment will be given
at the Great Southern, and in addition there will be many receptions in
private houses. Mrs. Canfield will have charge of the entertainment of the
ladies, and she will be assisted by the members of the Art Association and
the Federated Clubs. There will be an entertainment at the Country Club
and at the Ohio State University. The badges for the delegates will be of
sterling silver, of neat and appropriate design.

The revised assignment of meeting-places is as follows : General Sec-
tions, Grand Opera-house ; Practice of Medicine, Senate Chamber ; Diseases
of Children, House of Representatives; Surgery and Anatomy, First Con-
gregational Church; Gynecology and Obstetrics, Y. M. C. A. Auditorium ;
Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery, First Congregational Church ; Ophthal-
mology, Y. M. C. A.; Laryngology and Otology, Y. M. C. A.; Neurology
and Medical Jurisprudence, First Presbyterian Church; State Medicine,
Stomatology, committee-rooms State House; Physiology and Dietetics,
committee-room Board of Trade; Materia Medica, Pharmacy, and Thera-
peutics, council chamber. City Hall.



MISSISSIPPI VALLEY MEDICAL ASSOCIATION.



This great Society, which in size and scientific and social influence
is a fair rival of the American Medical Association, will hold its next
meeting in Chicago.

The date of this meeting has, in the wisdom of the Executive Com-
mittee, been changed, as explained by the following letter from the

Secretary :

Louisville, Ky., April 11, 1899.

Dear Sir : The Executive Committee and the Committee of Arrange-
ments of the Association have changed the date of the next meeting in
Chicago, from September 12th to 15th to October 3d to 6th, inclusive.

The autumn fete, to be known as the American Festival, will be held
in Chicago, beginning September 25th and ending October 9th with the



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The American Practitioner and News. 407

laying of the corner-stone of the Federal Building, when the President and
the Cabinet will b'e in the city. During this time the railroad fare to Chi-
cago from all points will be a flat one-fare rate for the round trip, without
the necessity of certificates or signatures. The limit of the tickets is so
long that a protracted stay can be made in .Chicago in order to take advan-
tage of the clinical facilities of the meeting, as well as enjoy the added attrac-
tions of the festival.

It is earnestly hoped that this change of date will meet the approval of
the members of the Association, and that the next meeting will be the
largest in its history. Very truly yours,

Henry E. Tuley, Secretary,

We trust that the Secretary's earnest hope is a prophecy of certain
fulfillment. Let every member resolve to make it so.



Hotcs an6 £lucric5.



Death at the Age of One Hundred and Eight. — Patrick Hag-
gerty died near Malone, N. Y., at an unusual age. Mr. Haggarty had the
good luck to be born on St. Patrick's day, and if he had lived until March
T7th would have completed his one hundred and ninth year.

Increase op Medical Practitioners in France. — According to
statistics just published the number of medical practitioners in France in
1899 already amounts to 17,735, as against 15,984 in 1898, showing a decid-
edly formidable increase of 1,751. In Paris there are sixty-two more
doctors than last year, in Lyons there are fifty-seven, and a proportionate
increase is reported from several other large towns ; and the cry is, still they
come ! — British Medical /oumaL

Male Births Increasing. — The statistics of the Health Department
show that there has of late been a marked increase in the relative number
of male births, but whether this is due to the influence of the recent war
must be left to conjecture. During the last two days of October and the
thirty days of November there were 2,055 male births and 1,896 female
births reported, and in the first seventeen days of December, 1,259 male
births and 1,158 female births in the Boroughs of Manhattan and the Bronx.
This is a ratio of 53 boys to 47 girls, while the normal ratio is 51 boys to
49 girls. — Boston Medical and Surgical JournaL

Abortefacient Nostrums. — The recent attempt to blackmail women
in England for purchasing advertised aboitefacient nostrums has set our
energetic contemporary the Lancet at work on another investigation com-
mission. The issue for December 17th contains the details of its "critical



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4o8 The American Practitioner and News,

and analytical inquiry '' into two of these nostrums. In the first, savine
appeared to be the active constituent of the pills, while in the second case
the results of the examination suggested that the liquid was senna and rue
tea.

The letters from the Lancet to purchase the nostrums were so written as
to leave no possible doubt in the vender's mind that the purpose for which
the purchase was being made was the induction of abortion. The Lancet
says: " If any one should find in our conduct here matter for unfavorable
comment on the ground that we have tempted Mr. Thomas Ottey to sin,
we have to say that we find in him so willing an accomplice that we can
hardly have been his seducers, and, secondly, that it is useless to fight a
certain sort of stink with rose water." — New York Medical JourncU,

Lawyers* Fees and Doctors' Fees. — The Medical News for Decem-
ber 24th in an editorial comments on the case of a distinguished New York
lawyer who had received a $5,000 fee and forgotten all about it, as follows :

No one, we are sure, has the slightest doubt that the distinguished
lawyer who denied absolutely having received the aforesaid fee, though it
was afterward clearly proved that he had received it, was eminently sincere
in his denial. It would simply seem that $5,000 fees are such common
occurrences in a great lawyer's everyday life that he can not reasonably be
expected to recall their receipt with absolute assurance if any considerable
time has elapsed since the event, or if he happens to have been at the moment
of its presentation so busy with other or more important matters as not to
have made an act of reflex consciousness and so impressed the trifle on his
memory.

But why is it, then, that when the question of doctors' fees gets into
court lawyers always insist on their excessiveness? One might think that
the generous fees they collect themselves would make them realize that the



Online LibraryUniversidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Derecho yThe American practitioner → online text (page 46 of 109)