University Commission on Southern Race Questions.

Five letters of the University Commission on Southern Race Questions online

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poor and in need of moral advancement. When I say that
the history of the world shows no instance in the same length
of time of such improvement along all human lines, I am not
saying it in the way of flattery or in the way of making any
one feel that efforts should cease, but simply as a fact.

Another statement 1 should like to make is this : We are apt
to think that our own time and our own nation are excessively
peculiar, but there have been race problems all over the world.
Now I believe it to be true that never before in history during
the short period of sixty years have two races — thrown to-
gether as these two races — -been known to reach such an ap-

*Abbreviated from stenographic notes.

18 Southern Race Questions

proach toward satisfactory adjustment. We have certainly
not reached perfection, but I do say that the two races, con-
sidering the relations with which they started sixty years ago,
considering all the bad things that have been said and done,
have within the last sixty years made an approach toward sen-
sible cooperation and mutual good-will such as history does
not show^ anywhere else.

We forget that a period of fifty or sixty years is a short
time in history-. We forget that habits of thought and hal)its
of feeling are not changed overnight. It takes time for in-
dividual habits of thought and individual habits of feeling to
change. It takes even longer for the habits and morals and
customs of a whole people to change.

I have watched each year, especially during the last twelve
or fifteen years, this question of race relationship in the South.
I have been over the South from time to time, have talked
with the people of both races and in all conditions of life. I
am sure that each year has marked a forward step towards
good relationship Ijetween the races. We are here in the South
together, we are going to stay together, and the sensible people
of both races know and feel and believe more and more that
it is much l^etter for us to stay here in good fellowship and
cooperation than in hostility. That was a beautiful prayer with
which we opened the meeting this morning, "Live together and
love together." Let us live together in good-will. Nobody
can predict the future, but we all know what we ought to do
to-day and to-morrow, and we know that every human being
should have a fair chance to develop. Those who have been
working for the improvement of the colored people in educa-
tion and in other ways, knowing that only by steady processes
can right relations be estal^lished in our midst, have a right
to feel encouraged. Last week there was an informal meeting
of the white Superintendents of education from all the states
of the South, and they bore testimony to the growth of senti-
ment for appropriations of public funds for the education of
the colored children.

Southern Rack Questeons 19

We have just passed through a great war. The colored
people have been called upon to take their part in the nation's
various activities, and I have yet to hear any informed person,
North or South, who does not bear witness to the fact that the
colored people have been doing their part in the field and at
home. I recently took a trip through the South, met hundreds
of workers, white and colored, heard their testimony as to the
amount of money raised for Red Cross work, Y. M. C. A.
work, and all sorts of war work, and the statements of the
subscriptions from the colored people were amazing. After
such an exhibition of patriotism as this and such cooperation,
it must follow that the relations between the races are going
to be further improved. I believe this to be true in spite of
what some people of both races are saying. I believe the
South, certainly the thinking South, has come to the con-
viction more than ever that justice, fairness, and good feel-
ing are the best way.

The world has been suffering greatly from nervousness.
The South, both white and colored, has shared in this nervous-
ness. We must not allow ourselves to become hysterical. The
good work that has been started must be kept going. Let us
remember and be thankful that the great masses are every-
where going about their business. It is the relatively few who
make trouble. These we must make more effort to influence
and improve. We must all try to make conditions better.
There is too much work to be done for us to quarrel. Fair-
ness must prevail on each side, and men must learn to think
well of each other, while recognizing and respecting differ-

One of the l^est ways of doing that is to get together as we
have come together here this morning. Let us listen to the
people who are interested in this work, who have thought
about the matter for a long time and have come here to speak
to us frankly and at the same time in a spirit of good feeling.
In all of these meetings we have never had the slightest un-
pleasantness, never the slightest disturbance or misunderstand-

20 Southern Race Questions

ing, because all have spoken in a spirit of wanting to be help-
ful. If we want to be friends we can say things frankly. It
does no good to use camouflage. What we want is knowledge
and understanding.

I said that nobody could prophesy, but I feel like saying this
much : it is my firm belief that it is entirely possible for the
two races in the South to live together hamioniously on terms
of cooperation and friendship with a satisfactory adjustment
of the differences on both sides. We all know that race is a
fact. We accept it as a fact. We also know that the in-
fluences and forces of education and religion are facts. So
let us day by day, as we see the ne.xt step, do our part in for-
warding the progress of these two great means for the in-
crease of justice and of human welfare, namely, education and
religion. These are the true and permanent adjusters.

J. H. D.

Southern Exlucators
Appeal for Enforcement of Law

"We, the undersigned, ens^ajj^ed in the work of education,
earnestly appeal to all citizens to exert their influence con-
stantly and actively in condemnation of the crime of lynching.

"We furthermore urge upon our State Legislators and
Executives to enact, if necessary, and persistently to enforce,
such laws as will tend to put a stop to this species of lawless-

John W. Abercrombie, Alal>ama ; Edwin A. Alderman,
Virginia ; Dice R. Anderson, Virginia ; David C. Barrow,
Georgia; Robert E. Blackwell, Virginia; F W. Boatwright,
Virginia; O. J. Bond, South Carolina; W. F. Bond, Missis-
sippi ; A. L. Bondurant, Mississippi ; E. C. Branson,
North Carolina; M. L. Brittain, Georgia; R. P. Brooks,
Georgia; Samuel P. Brooks, Texas; J. B. Brown, Tennessee;
Julian A. Burrus, Virginia; Pierce Butler, Louisiana; Thomas
Carter, Tennessee; W. S. Cawthon, Florida; Harrv W. Chase,
North Carolina; C. E. Coates, Louisiana; Edward Conradi,
Florida; Joe Cook, Mississippi; H. W. Cox, Georgia; Wm.
S. Currell, South Carolina.

George H. Denny, Alabama; Charles E. Diehl, Tennessee;
Albert B. Dinwiddie, Louisiana; Jas. J. Doster, Alabama;
Jerome Dowd, Oklahoma; Spright Dowell, Alabama; M. D.
Dubose, Georgia; Samuel P. Duke, Virginia; Joseph D. Eg-
gleston, Virginia ; H. F. Estill, Texas ; J. C. Fant, Missis-
sippi ; Wm. P. Few, North Carolina; B, F. Finney, Tennes-
see; Julius L Foust, North Carolina; John C. Futrall, Arkan-
sas; Frank H. Gaines, Georgia; Sidney G. Gilbreath, Tennes-
see; John C. Hardy, Texas; T. H. Harris, Louisiana; C. J.
Heatwole, Virginia; Archibald Henderson, North Carolina;
A. B Hill, Arkansas; J. H. Hillman, Virginia; James D.
Hoskins, Tennessee; W. M. Hunley, Virginia.

Theo. PL Jack, Georgia; J. L. Jarman, X'^irginia; A. S.

22 Southern Race Questions

Johnson. Georgia; J. E. Keeny, Louisiana; James H. Kirk-
land, Tennessee; C. G. Maphis, Virginia; S. M. N. Marrs,
Texas; Wm. J. ^Martin, North Carohna; John Preston Mc-
Connell. Virginia; Edwin Mims, Tennessee; S. C. Alitchell.
Virginia; H. A. Alorgan, Tennessee: Josiah Morse, South
Carohna; Albert A. Murphree, Florida; M. A. Nash. Okla-
homa; Edward W. Nichols, Virginia.

Franklin N. Parker, Georgia; Rolx^rt P. Pell, South Caro-
lina; Wm L. Poteat, North Carolina; Harrison Randolph.
South Carolina; W. C. Riddick. North Carolina; Walter
M. Riggs, South Carolina; Howard E. Rondthaler, North
Carolina; V. L. Roy. Louisiana; Henry Louis Smith, Vir-
ginia; W. R. Smithey, Virginia; G. E. Suavely, Alabama;
Henry N. Snyder. South Carolina; Edwin L. Stephens.
Louisiana ; W. S. Sutton. Texas ; David Y. Thomas, Arkan-
sas ; Robert E. Vinson. Texas ; John E. White, South Caro-
lina; and S. T. Wilson. Tennessee.

Those signing tbe appeal comprise 8 State Sui:>erintend-
ents of Education, 8 Presidents of State Universities. 18 Presi-
dents of State Technical and Normal Schools, 23 Presidents
of Colleges and Universities, and 24 College and University


1. Documents Relating to the Origin and Work of the Slater Trus-

tees, 1894.

2. A Brief Memoir of the Life of John F. Slater, by Rev. S. H.

Howe, D. D., 1894.

3. Education of the Negroes Since 1860, by J. L. M. Curry, LL. D.,


4. Statistics of the Negroes in the United States, by Henry Gannett,
of the United States Geological Survey, 1894.

5. Difficulties, Complications, and Limitations Connected with the

Education of the Negro, by J. L. M. Curry, LL. D., 1895.

6. Occupations of the Negroes, by Henry Gannett, of the United

States Geological Survey, 1895.

7. The Negroes and the Atlanta Exposition, by Alice M. Bacon, of

the Hampton Normal and Industrial Institute, Virginia, 1890.

8. Report of the Fifth Tuskegee Negro Conference, by John Quincy

Johnson, 1896.

9. A Report Concerning the Colored Women of the South, by Mrs.

E. C. Hobson and Mrs. C. E. Hopkins, 1896.

10. A Study in Black and White, by Daniel C. Gilman, 1897.

11. The South and the Negro, by Bishop Charles B. Galloway, of the

Methodist Episcopal Church, South, 1904.

12. Report of the Society of the Southern Industrial Classes, Norfolk,

Va., 1907.

13. Report on Negro Universities in the South, by W. T. B. Williams,


14. County Teacher Training Schools for Negroes, 1913.

15. Duplication of Schools for Negro Youths, by W. T. B. Williams,


16. Sketch of Bishop Atticus G. Haygood, by Rev. G. B. Winton,

D. D., 1915.

17. Memorial Addresses in Honor of Dr. Booker T. Washington,


18. Suggested Course for County Training Schools, 1917.

19. Southern Women and Racial Adjustments, by L. H. Hammond,

1917; 2nd ed., 1920.

20. Reference List of Southern Colored Schools, 1918; 2nd ed., 1921.

21. Report on Negro Universities and Colleges, by W. T. B. Wil-

liams, 1922.

22. Early Effort for Industrial Education, by Benjamin Brawley, 1923.

23. Study of County Training Schools, by Leo M. Favrot, 1923.

24. Five Letters of University Commission, 1927.

25. Native African Races and Culture, by James Weldon Johnson,


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Online LibraryUniversity Commission on Southern Race QuestionsFive letters of the University Commission on Southern Race Questions → online text (page 2 of 2)