A report of the proceedings on the occasion, of the reception of the sons of Newburyport resident aboard, July 4th, 1854, by the city authorities and the citizens of Newburyport (Volume 1) online

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Chap. I V^.







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JULY 4th, 1854,




Published by Order of the City Goverume:-.!.




Note. It ws I pur] -opulent of this re

port, to give a sketchof tin- i ..._- oi tiie various meetings held ill

other places, and additional incidents of interest. Also, to give in detail the la
bors of the various committees from the city government and the citizens, and the
I individuals who contributed to produce so lau d

the service might receive the credit due them j hut it was found
i the matter to such an extent, that it was thought best to abandon the
ind condense the account r^ much as possible.


A re-union in their native town, of sons and daughters, resi-
dent abroad ! There is something partaking of grandeur in the
thought. The natural attachment which exists within the
breast of man for the place of his birth, is not merely a senti-
ment, but an affection, purified and strengthened by associa-
tion. It was implanted within us ere we commenced the
struggle of life, and it becomes so indellibly impressed that
time caanot efface it. It clings to us through age with all the
tenacity of early recollections. This love for the land of our
birth begets in us a love for those who inhabit it, who become,
as it were, a part of the land itself; and the part which brings
it most immediately home to the affections. Imperceptible as
is this bond of brotherhood to those whose days are passed at
home, it is fully known to the resident abroad. When we
meet in distant lands a fellow townsman, a native of the place
of our birth, stranger though he may be to us, there is an up-
rising of emotion that we cannot suppress, and the power oi
this bond is manifest. Instinctively we yearn to grasp him iu
a cordial embrace, and hear from his own lips a word from our
old home. Through the plastic power of the imagination, the
joys of a thousand hours are in one moment brought up before
us. There is a charm in his very voice that fascinates our


senses. He has breathed the same air, he has trod the same
soil, he has lent vigor to the same social institutions, and we
feel that he is our brother. The warmth of the attachment of
the untamed heart of youth is experienced, and the cup of
youthful joy is once more at our lips. The heart expands and
enjoyment is realized.

But how much greater the happiness the occasion of the
gathering of thousands of our townsmen, who have been sep-
arated by distance, and almost forgotten through time, of early
associates and playmates, whose forms memory would ever re-
tain, amid the very scenes of early days, in the places where
association commenced, and in sight of the play-ground of our
youth. There is magic in the thought. It is passing to youth
again. The blood courses quicker through our veins ; and the
fervid delight of boyhood is felt. Caste is forgotten — diplo-
matic fame, academic honor, legal renown, ministerial em-
inence, professional celebrity, mercantile distinction, and
mechanical achievement, all arc forgotten and lost, or bent to
this superior force of companionship. The ground whereon we
tread is holy ground — we arc inspired by the scenes .
us — early days once more are ours. The reminisceii
youth, long treasured in the brain, come crowding thickly up.
forming a panorama of the brightest period of our i

The occasion is one of profit as well as of pleasure. We
throw aside the conventionalities of life, the mantle of

and badgG of power, and gather ourselves together, to
talk ever, with the unfeigned simplicity of brotherly inter-
course, the incidents of our career. The fortunes and misfor-
tunes, the trials of fortitude and steady prosperity which make
up the sum of our lives, since we left our native soil, are re-
hear.-.'. 1. and in the rehearsal there is

be estimate 1, and a profit of incalculable worth to future ex-
perience. It is gratifying and ennobling thus to pause in the
of an active life, and be permitted to enjoy such a
season ; to meet our friends, and face to face review our


labors and our struggles. Though classmates in school and
companions in childhood's sports, the parts we have played in
the great drama of life are as diversified as character itself.
The history of the progress of each individual is a distinct vol-
ume wherein there is much for reflection, much for study and
deep abiding thought. The union of such fragmentary parts
forms an integral body, to contemplate which is the highest
pleasure of the human mind, and leads to heroic action, to the
foundation of lofty virtues.

But the occasion has another aspect. It invites us to the
performance of a sad duty. The graves of our friends speak
to us in a language that cannot be misinterpreted. From the
the scenes of our childhood we went forth into the busy world
to fulfil a destiny which our young ambition had marked out-
we sought broader fields for our enterprise, and among a
strange people struggled for distinction and power. We have
come back to drop the tear of affection upon the soil in which
is mingled the dust of our ancestors. Whatever may have
been our course — how great soever the rewards of our toil —
these stones which rise above the ashes of our early friends,
point us to a higher destiny, and show us the worthlessness of
earthly aggrandizement unaccompanied by that moral excel-
lence that can secure for us a more enduring hope. We turn
from them with a purer faith, and feel that when we have gone
from hence, and again mingled ourselves with our fellow-men
in the activo labors of our vocation, it will afford us a gleam of
cheer to concentrate our thoughts upon the lessons suggested
by these silent monitors', and purify the heart with their

There is a broader view to take of tills subject. Individual
interest must give way to national prosperity. It is through
these great moral principles, these high social aims, which first
spring into life through local influences that the lofty patriotism
which characterizes our nation is nourished, and its stalwart
strength supported. It is this which imparts that national


impulse which gives unity to the actions of men, and makes
the good of the whole a private aspiration. It is this culture
of the highest social faculties that unites individuals as members
of one family. It is this that gives harmony to our municipal
affairs, that sustains the authority of legislative enactments,
that gives permanency to our institutions, that binds together
this great confederacy, that renders indissoluble our glorious


Early in April an order was introduced into the City Coun-
cil providing for the celebration of the then approaching anni-
versary of our National Independence. The manner of cele-
brating was considered during several sessions in both branches
of the city government, and it was finally concluded to make-
it the occasion of a great family jubilee, by extending to the
sons and daughters of Newburyport and " Ould Newberry,"
resident abroad, an invitation to come home and join with us
in the festivities of such a season. An order was passed, a
committee was chosen, arrangements were laid out and the
different departments of the order placed in the hands of sub-
committees, with instructions to speedily and effectively carry
the same into operation. Nor were the citizens generally
backward in the movement. Indeed, before the order passed
through the two branches of the city government, several
meetings of the citizens were held, and resolutions passed in
favor of such a re-union and embodied in the strongest terms.
The feeling was general, and measures were taken to assist
the city authorities in carrying out the programme to the sat-
isfaction of all. Private individuals contributed generously,
and every circumstance promised a happy and glorious oc-

The publication of the invitation was met with a hearty re-


spon3e from all sections of our country. The press echoed
the call from the Pacific to the Atlantic coast ; from Texas to
Maine ; and meetings were called in every place where the
sons of Newburyport and " Ould Newbury" could be found
in sufficient numbers to form an organization. In New York.
Boston, Bangor and other cities, preparations were made to
visit the old homestead with full ranks. Letters and commu-
nications were received in great numbers, not only signifying
an acceptance of the invitation, but expressing the liveliest
gratification for an occasion which would afford them an op-
portunity to visit the haunts of their childhood, to pay their
devotion to the memories of their fathers, and to exchange
congratulations with the friends of their youth.

The arrangements were seasonally completed, through the
the indefatigable labors of members of the various committees.
The appropriations were judicious and liberal, and everything
was conducted upon a scale in harmony with the magnitude of
the occasion. The following programme was adopted:


The several Church and Factory Bells will be rung, and National !
fired at sunrise and sunset

At 9 1-2 o'clock, A. M., a Procession will be formed on the Mall, the right
resting on the southeast end, and moved at 10 o'clock, under the direction of
the Chief Marshal, Col. Amos Tappah, in the following order

Military Escort, (Band) Cashing Guard, commanded by

Capt. Jabez L. Pearson.

Past members of the Newburyport Artillery Company, commanded by

Major Ebenczcr Bradbury.

Aid. Chief Marshal. Ail

Bis Honor the Mayor, Orator, Officiating Clergyman, Reader of the

Declaration of Independence.

City Government.

Committee of Arrangements.

City Clerk, Treasurer, Assessors,

Assistant Assessors, Clerk Common Council

School Committee.

Overseen of the Poor.


Selectmen of Newbury and West Newbury,

Town Clerks of Newbury and West Newbury

Iustnu-tors of Public Schools.

Reverend Clergy of the City.

Revolutionary Soldiers

United States Officers— Civil, Military and Naval.

State and County Officers.


Invited Sons and Former Residents of Newburyport.

Citizens of Newburyport, Newbury and West Newbury.


Aid. Marshal

No. 1— Flora

No. 2 — Landing of Pilgrims.
No. 3 — May Flower.
No. 4 — Goddess of Liberty.

No. i — Ages : — Childhood, Youth, Manhood. Old Age
No. 6 — Naiads.
No. 7 — Dryads.
No. S — Morning.
No. .9— Night
No. 10 — Spring.
No: 11 — Summer.
No 12 — Autumn.
No. 13— Winter
No. U— Old Lady in the Shoe.


Engineers of the Fire Department.


With their Machines, in the following order


■ Deluge " Company, No. l ,

With [heir invited guests,

■'(.in Washington" Company. No 3, of Milford

Ifechanic" Company, No. 2.



" Protector " Company, No. 3, with their invited guests,

" Tiger," No. 1, of ITavcrhill.

" Tiger" Company, Xo. 4.

" Eagle" Company, No ">.

" Agile " Company, No 6.

"Torrent" Company, No. 7.


"Neptune" Company, No. 8.

" Warren " Company, Hook and Ladder.





Mr. John Emery with his Vessel.



Marrine Society.

Howard Benevolent S

St. Mark's Lodge of Free and Accepted M

St. John's Lodge.

Quascacunquen Lodge of Odd Fellows,

Strangers and Citizens generally.

SIXTH 1>1VIM«i\.

The Procession will move precisely at 10 o'clock, A. M., through the fol-
lowing streets :

I'm vn High street to Federal, down Federal to Water, counter-march up

i o Orange, through Orange to Fair, down Fair to Essex, through

i State, up State to High, up High to Cent, counter-march down

Market, down Market to Washington, through Washington 10

< Ireen, down Green to Merrimack, thro .. Market Square, Statu

and Pleasant street-, to the Church.



1 . Voluntary on the Organ.

2. Chorus — " Praise the Lord, ye Nations all " — from Mozart's 12th Mass,
.'). Reading of the Scriptures and Invocation, hy Rev. D. M. Reed.

4. " Song of Welcome," by Hon. George Lunt, music by M. D. Randall.

5. Reading Declaration of Independence, by Hiram B. Haskell.

6. Ode. by Jacob Haskell, music " Star Spangled Banner."

7. Oration, by Rev- George D. Wildes.

8. Chorus, " Hallelujah," from the Oratorio of the Messiah.
!>. Benediction, by Daniel Dana, D. D.

The musie will beperformed by a select choir, under the direction of M.
D. Randall, Esq. Organists, Messrs J. W. Cheney and R. P. Morse.

After the services at the church, the procession will be formed anew, and
proceeded to the PAVILLION, erected on Congress street, and partake of a
DINNER provided by Horace Uamblet, Esq., Landlord of the Ocean

From Chickering street, west of Frog Pond.
Signal and Colored Rockets will be fired from sunset until 9 o'clock, when
the exhibition will commence with

No. 1. A Grand Illumination— Of Indian White Fires, intermingled
with crimson and green.

Rockets, Gold Rain.

2. Candles and Jets— A battery of Roman Candles, with silver and
colored Stars, mutate to jets of Mexican Fire, with heavy reports.

Mines and Shells.

3. Double Ciiai-lets — Horizontal AVheels of Chinese and Jessamine
Fire, mutate to cluster of Stars and explosion of Bees.

Rockets, Colored Stars.

4. Constellation — A Circle of Stars in Crimson, blue and purple lance
extend to jets of Sun Fires, with reports.


5. A Greeting to Visiting Friends — A highly ornamental and unique
piece, silver and colored.

Flight of Rockets.

6. Eotptian Pyramids — Vertical Wheels of purple and blue Fires form
the ball of pyramids of Colored Stars, and centres of contra revolving polkas.


7. The Day We Celeruate. — The motto "July 4," in letters of Fire,
is surmounted by the_ American Eagle and Arms, from which extend a Glory
of Sun Fires.



6 Mosaic Battery— A Fanciful Design in lance, mutates to a Batten
uf Mines, Shells and Marions.


y. Peruvian- Cross— Decorated with crimson and purple lance, wit!

revolving centre, mutating to gerbs of Jessamine Tires with petards.

Floral Shells.

in— Cm eajjtines. Or Messengers.traversinga wire several hundred feet

Rocket, Silver Stars.
11. tJCADECPLE Star and Palms — A gorgeous Star, in blue, white,
crimson and green, lance mutate to Palm Trees,, tinged with green.
Diamond Battery.
I-'. The Union — The American Eagle and Arms are supported by thir-
• D Stars, above which appear in letters of fire, the word "Union."

13. Morning Glory.— A large Piece, composed of Wheels of variegated
colors, revolving around a solar centre, and extending to Sun Fins witl


14. Girandole — A. superb Piece of Pvroteehic, formed of variegated
lance work, representing an immense Girandole, or Candelabra, with crystal
Pendants of purple, blue, violet and crimson lance ; the arms are decorated
with Candles of Silver and Colored Stars.

Mines of Serpents.
I J. Shield of Iris — A large revolving Disc of Jessamine and Chines
Fires, displays a triple contra revolving centre of Polkas, Saxons and Fivers
tinged with purple, crh'j-


16. The Lyre — A representation of the "Lyre," in silver and coloreu
lance, partially encircled witli a Wreath of Laurel, and surmounted ! v a
Floral base

Floral Sheik

17 Florentine Wheel Piece — A ! 'yramidical arrangement of Wheel:,
and Fivers, with a centre of Polkas and Saxons, coding with a discharge o'.
Italian Streamers.

E inale — The Sea', of the i'iti oi 1 1 is supported by twl

ornamental columns enwreathed with fillets, and bearing upon the capitals

tli mottoes, in silver and colored lance, "July, 1854." The \

■ iv Seal, and is adorned with a halo of radiating Sun Fires
the whole forming's brilliant centre, from which extend jets and batteries of
in and Shells, which, with a heavy Sight of rockets are'


For several days before the Fourth the return of sons com-
menced, and ere its arrival, our streets were filled with the
familiar forms of those whose early days were passed in our
midst. Never before have we known such stirring times, —
everything in the shape of a team for miles around, was
pouring in with supplies for the anticipated crowd, and every
room that could be found unoccupied, was converted into a
saloon for the sale of refreshments. Everybody was at work,
families ia laying in an abundance, and others in preparations
of an ornamental nature.

The setting of the sun on the third, found everything ready,
and the crowds of strangers already present, showed that no
dissatisfaction would be felt. The trains through the day
from every quarter were heavily laden with returned sons and
daughters from the most distant sections of the country.


The booming of cannon, the ringing of bells, the sharp
rattle of musketry, together with blasts of horns and the harsh
discord of a thousand instruments of clamor, in the hands of
juveniles, announced that the long anticipated day had ar-
rived. The sun rose in all its majesty upon a city whose peo-
ple were jubilant with anticipation. One thing was evident —
a warm reception was to be experienced, to prepare for which
our city authorities had wisely set the sprinkling machine over
the route of procession. Never have we witnessed a more
cheering spectacle than that presented throughout the entire
route. Our city was in a holiday dress — a dress that was
significant of the intense feeling of the people. There was no
laborious formality displayed — no garb of vanity adopted. Ev-
ery decoration, every motto, every design, spoke to the heart
of a patriotism and hospitality that was as pure as the spotless
surface which reflected them ; and the cheerful countenances,
everywhere met, were but the index of hearts overrunning with
joy and gratitude.

At an early hour the several divisions commenced forming
at the places assigned them, in and around the Bartlett Mall.
The Chief Marshal, with the military escort, proceeded to the
depot of the Eastern Railroad, where an immense crowd of
citizens had assembled, to receive the various delegations. —
Owing to the length of the train the cars were behind their



usual time, and the train containing the Boston delegation did
not reach here until half past nine o'clock ; they were re-
ceived hy the Chief Marshal and escorted to the City Hall.—
Owing to the irregularity in the arrival of the delegations from
other cities, there was no formal reception at the depot, though
they came from several cities and towns in large numbers.^

The last of the delegations having been received, the invited
sons and former residents were eseorted to the City Hall, where
the Mayor and City Council were in readiness to receive
them, and proceeded to High street for the formation of the
procession. Upon reaching the Hall, an immense crowd was
collected there, and in Brown's Square, numbering many
thousands. Col. Tappan, in brief and appropriate terms, in-
troduced the gueBts to the Mayor, who received them with
these remarks :

Sons and former residents op Newbcrt-port—

On this occasion, the anniversary of our National Independence, in behalf
of the City, I bid you a cordial and heartfelt welcome to the place of your
birth and former residence. Never has an event been looked for by our citi-
zens with so much joy and satisfaction as this, the return of her sons ; and I
express but the feelings of all, when I say— Welcome, Sons of Newburyport,
to the place that must be <lear to the hearts of every one of you.

This is an occasion of no ordinary interest. Many, to-day, that have so
readily responded to our invitation, have long been absent from the home of
their nativity, and will see many and great changes. Many with whom they
had sweet and social converse, in former times, have long since passed from
earth. The graves of your fathers, the graves of your friends, are ties strong
enough to bring back the recollections of former days.

It is with pride the citizens of this city contemplate the position which the
sons of Newburyport abroad have attained, in whatever calling Providence
has seen fit to place them. In the professions, in mercantile life, in the me-
chanic arts, they have attained that high and honorable position, which we,
your friends and brothers, contemplate with the deepest satisfaction. Well
may this ancient town and new city be proud of her absent sons.

We have made no extended preparations on this occasion. We have
given you no cold and formal invitation to come to your old and venerated
birthplace and former residence. But we have given you a cordial welcome
S» the scenes of your childhood and the home of your early associations.—


And this morning, with open arms and warm hearts, we are ready and happy
to receive yon.

Friends and brothers — in coming at our request to greet us to-day, you
come amongst a prosperous, happy and intelligent people. A people that
are mutually ambitious, and doing all in their power to make this a commu-
nity moral in its character, industrious in its habits, and independent in all
its actions.

Once more, in behalf of our city, I bid you an earnest welcome home ;
and may this meeting be such, that in after years, we shal 1 say that friend-
ships have been renewed, and formed, which nothing shall ever sever.

The Mayor was replied to by Warren Tilton, Esq., Chief
Marshal of the Boston delegation, as follows :

Mb. Mayok, and Gentlemen

We return your greeting, one and all ! For this most warm reception, it
is needless to say we are grateful. For these eager salutations, these enthu-
siastic rheerings, these involuntary and unmistakable evidences of rejoicing
at our presence, we cannot fully thank you.

Such words as mine will indicate but poorly the character of the emotions
which struggling within our souls, have no voices for their utterance. Lan-
guage cannot enunciate them, for we know how limited is the power of lan-
guage ; and the joyousness and happiness of an occasion like this are aot tv
be described : they can only be experienced — felt.

There is something in that word IL feeling" we can all appreciate, and I
assure you I can add no emphasis to the declaration which I make in behal'
of myself, and every one in our ranks, that vttfid glad that we are here.

You tell me that, on this, the day of our XalionaJ Jubilee, you. have sum-
moned us hither as the sons of Newburyport Like eager rhildren we have
obeyed your summons — judge yoa with what measure of alacrity. All is
pleasant and joyous around us. It is a joyous day and a joyous occasion
hut our thoughts of the occasion and the day are well nigh merged in those-
of the place — old, stately Newbnryport, God bless her! — the place of our
birth, the homo of our childhood.

We have come with full numbers, and fuller hearts. From all ranks ana
professions in life, with whatever of credit and reputation we have won for
ourselves, laying aside all our cares and anxieties for a season, forgetting nli
di 'mucins of position, and pn , - I differences of fuiih and habit,

we have come hither, in a common brotherhood, at your hid!
pleasant reunion, to revive old memories, to re-visit old haunts, and be boys,
" ;ii home again," together.

We have the young among us, who, in t he morning of tin ir years, have
yet scarcely tailed the trials of life, we have those who have tii'ed past iu>


noon ; we have those whose brows have become wrinkled, and whose limbs
have grown weary in its dusty pilgrimage ; but, to-day, we are, one and all
of us resolved to be young again together.

Wherever we look — everything about us, — the churches and the school-

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Online LibraryUnknownA report of the proceedings on the occasion, of the reception of the sons of Newburyport resident aboard, July 4th, 1854, by the city authorities and the citizens of Newburyport (Volume 1) → online text (page 1 of 12)