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CLASSIC TALES BY


FAMOUS AUTHORS


COMPLETE IN


TWENTY VOLUMES


VOLUME III



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Columbus at the Court of Spain
Photogravure. From a Painting by V. Brozik











Classic Hales






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jfamous Hutbors






CONTAINING COMPLETE SELECTIONS FROM






THE WORLD'S BEST AUTHORS WITH PREFATORY






BIOGRAPHICAL AND SYNOPTICAL NOTES






Edited and Arranged by






Frederick B. De Berard






/ 46 2. 2.






With a General Introduction by






Rossiter Johnson, LL.D.






Published by






THE BODLEIAN SOCIETY






New York






*N 1906





Copyright 1902

Copyright 1905

BY

The Bodleian Society



CONTENTS



Critical Synopsis ok Selections, .
Biographical Dictionary of Author;



in
xiii



Horatius, .... Lord Macaulay, 9

Friends of the "Abaisse," The, . Victor Hugo, 35

Herve Riel, .... Robert Browning, 77

Port of Ships, The, . . . Joaquin Miller, 85

Great Voyage, The, . . Washington Irving, 86

David and Goliath, . . The Book of Kings, 99

Charge of the Light Brigade, The, Lord Tennyson, 107

Red Thread of Honor, The, Sir Francis H. Doyle, 109

Marco Bozzaris, . . Fitz-Greene Halleck, 113

Cavalier's Escape, The, . Geo. Walter Thornbury, 116

Jim Bludso, John Hay, 118

How They Took the Kashmir Bastion,

F. B. DeBerard, 123

Bristowe Tragedy, . . Thomas Chatlerton, 137

Bussy D'Ambois, . . George Chapman, 155

Minions and the Angevins, The, Alex. Dumas, 159

Pcul, The Christian, . The Acts of the Apostles, 207

Socrates, the Pagan, Plato, 222

Agostina of Zaragoza, Charlotte M. Yonge, 237

Defense of Londonderry, The, . Lord Macaulay, 247



5



ILLUSTRATIONS

PAGE

Columbus before the Court of Spain . Frontispiece

Robert Browning 77

Joaquin Miller 85

The Kashmir Bastion (1857) .... 129

Thomas Chatterton, the Boy Poet . . . 137

Alexandre Dumas, Pere 159

The Due D'Anjou 169

Murder of Bussy, The 189



CRITICAL SYNOPSIS
OF SELECTIONS



CRITICAL SYNOPSIS OF
SELECTIONS



Agostina of Zaragoza : By Charlotte M. Yonge.

When the French armies were devastating the
provinces of Spain, the peasantry, as well as the
Spanish troops, opposed the invaders with the bit-
terest, bravest and most futile resistance. "War to
the knife, and the knife to the hilt," was the precept
of the whole nation, and everywhere the French
armies were met by an uprising of the entire popu-
lation. This story tells how Agostina, a Spanish
woman, aided in the defense of the town of Zara-
goza, a heroic and wholly useless act of the kind
that wins undying admiration from mankind.

Bristowe Tragedy: By Thomas Chatterton.

This ballad is one of the famous so-called "Row-
ley Forgeries," a term of bitter injustice to the bril-
liant and youthful imagination which deserved en-
couragement and appreciation, instead of the re-
proach which drove Thomas Chatterton, a mere boy,
to suicide. It relates the constancy of Sir Charles
Bawdin, who, under the tyranny of Edward, the
King, was doomed to death because of his integrity
and honor. The incident is wholly imaginary. The
poem is one of the best examples of Chatterton's
style. It has the defects incident to youth, but it
shows fire and vigor that promised extraordinary
power had its youthful author not been driven by
despair and contumely to taking his own life.

Bussy D'Ambois : By George Chapman.

George Chapman, one of the most famous of the
translators of the "Iliad," wrote many acting plays
of much merit. Among these was one entitled
"Bussy D'Ambois." From this we have extracted



CRITICAL SYNOPSIS OF SELECTIONS

an episode, which describes a duel between Bussy
D'Ambois and his friends, on the one side, and
three insolent lords, who have insulted his poverty,
on the other. The period in which the poem is laid
was a time of personal encounter and daring, and
the romances which deal with life in the France of
that day are full of heroic episodes.

Cavalier's Escape, The: By Walter Thornbury.

"The Cavalier's Escape" is an imaginary episode
of the civil wars in England, when deeds of prowess
and personal adventure were numerous, and the
dash and daring of the Cavaliers were matched
against the stern purpose and the righteous cause of
Cromwell's Ironsides.

Charge of the Light Brigade, The: By Alfred,
Lord Tennyson.

There are few English readers unacquainted with
Lord Tennyson's stirring ballad, "The Charge of the
Light Brigade" ; how six hundred brave English
cavalrymen were sent by a foolish error upon an
impossible charge, to be almost wholly destroyed
by their Russian foemen. In another volume of this
Series, the Battle of Balaklava is described by Wil-
liam Howard Russell. This famous charge, im-
mortalized by Lord Tennyson, was an incident of
that battle.

David and Goliath : The Book of Judges.

Wherever books exist, wherever humanity pe-
ruses printed pages, the story is familiar of how the
shepherd boy, inspired by Jehovah, armed only with
a sling and a few small pebbles from the brook,
slew the giant champion of the Philistines, who
daily reviled the men of Israel. In this abstract,
the story is told in the words of the sacred text,
merely omitting some few discursive sentences.
The omission of chapter and verse, arbitrarily added
by the translators, and the substitution of modern
arrangement and punctuation for the old-time form
enhances the vividness of the narrative.

Defense of Londonderry, The: By Lord Macaulay.

When King James II. was driven from England

by an outraged people, he fled to Ireland, and, as



CRITICAL SYNOPSIS OF SELECTIONS

the champion of the Catholic faith, intent upon
overthrowing the hated Protestant rule, the popu-
lation of that dependency, with the exception of
the northern provinces, flocked to his support. Lon-
donderry, peopled almost wholly by Scotch-Irish
Presbyterians, who were hated bitterly by the Irish
inhabitants, was besieged by the army of King
James. The siege was one of the most persistent,
and the defense one of the most heroic, in all his-
tory. Lord Macaulay tells the story of this famous
siege in his most brilliant and enthralling manner.
Friends of the Abaisse, The: By Victor Hugo.

In Victor Hugo's masterpiece, "Les Miserables,"
is a study of the mental ferment that has made mod-
ern France a hot-bed of political turmoil and unrest.
A group of dreamy theorists, given to barren specu-
lation upon liberty and the rights of men, had or-
ganized a society, which they called "The Friends of
the A. B. C," that is to say, the friends of education
and enlightenment. This title was but a play upon
words, their secret purpose being revolution and
political advancement, as that phrase is construed
in France, that purpose being expressed by their real
title, "The Friends of the Abaisse" (the "abased").
Their relation to the main story is merely incidental,
one of their number being a principal character in the
romance. Their philosophical theories result in a half
digested plot for an uprising of the army and the
people, cmcnutes and barricades. This little knot of
fanatical enthusiasts, locating themselves in an old
inn, erect barricades across the tangle of streets
leading to it and attack society as a first step
to liberty. They are annihilated. A night of sus-
pense, of agonizing anxiety, of heart-breaking ex-
pectation of the popular uprising which never came,
a day of fierce struggle, of deaths following, one by
one, and finally a thunderbolt of flame, a torrent of
grapeshot, a deluge of soldiers, which sweeps up
and over the barricades, batters in the doors, drives
the defenders from floor to floor, and leaves of
"The Friends of the Abaisse" nothing but a name.

Great Voyage, The : By Washington Irving.

There is no more impressive episode in history,
nor one told with more dramatic force, than Wash-



CRITICAL SYNOPSIS OF SELECTIONS

ington Irving' S account of the great admiral's voy-
age of discovery. For weeks Columbus sailed on
and "ii into the unknown, the vast, tenantless space,
crowded not only with visible danger of storm and
sea. but peopled by superstitious dread, with super-
natural shapes and mysteries of evil. With match-
less bravery he met the visible dangers; with un-
shakable tenacity of purpose he sailed on and on,
threatened by bis mutinous sailors, in danger from
the treachery of his associates, to fulfil his mission,
and at last to find the New World, which his great
intellect told him he would find in the west. No
inure wonderful tale has ever been told; none has
been told more glowingly or with more graphic
diction, than the story of the great admiral, related
by the great American author.

Herv£ Riel: By Robert Browning.

Here and there amidst the psychological mazes
of Robert Browning's many volumes is to be found
a lyric gem, lucid, tuneful, beautiful and perfect.
Here and there, also, is a heroic ballad, full of fire
and dash, strong in its appeal to human sentiment,
with no psychologic motive or philosophic com-
plexity — just a human story. "Herve Riel" is such
a ballad, the story of how a brave fisherman saved
the beaten French fleet from capture, by piloting it
into a harbor of refuge.

HoRATirs: By Lord Macaulay\

"The Lays of Ancient Rome," by Lord Macau-
lay, are amongst the most stirring of heroic ballads.
Of these "Horatius" stands first. It relates how.
after Tarquin had been driven from Rome and
sought refuge with Lars Porsena. of Clusium, the
Tuscan king and his allies marched against Rome to
exact vengeance in the quarrel of his compeer.
Rome was not then mistress of the world. A great
Wee of stalwart warriors was rapidly approaching
the city. There was no time to organize effective
defense, and the foe must be stayed by breaking
down the bridge. Ere that could be done, the van
of the enemy came in sight. Horatius, Spurius
Lartius and Herminius stepped forth and volun-
teered to hold the approach until the bridge could



CRITICAL SYNOPSIS OF SELECTIONS

be destroyed. This stirring ballad tells how the
three heroes faced the advancing host and dealt
death to all who came; how, when the bridge tot-
tered to its fall, Spurius Lartius and Herminius
sprang across ; how, ere Horatius could return, the
bridge crashed into the stream and left him alone
on the farther shore, pressed by his foemen and cut
off from retreat; and how, lifting a prayer to the
gods, he sprang into the rushing torrent and,
though burdened with armor and sore with wounds,
struggled across to safety.

How They Took the Kashmir Bastion : By Fred-
erick B. De Berard.

In 1857 the English Army of occupation in India
comprised a few thousand white soldiers and about
one hundred and fifty thousand native troops, or
sepoys. This army had held in subjection a vast
population, numbering nearly two hundred million
souls, of many diverse races, some of them peace-
ful and subservient, others fierce and turbulent.
Fifty native courts were the centers of unceasing
intrigue, whose purpose was to overthrow the Brit-
ish power. A vast plot was formed to procure the
revolt of all the native troops from their allegiance,
to destroy all the white soldiers, and to massacre
all the British civilians, men, women and children,
distributed throughout the vast expanse of India.
The greatest mutiny known in history ensued. For
two years the power of Great Britain was taxed to
its utmost to rescue the survivors, beleagerd by
hordes of native soldiers, and to punish those whose
hands were imbued in the blood of thousands of
white women and children. The horrible massacre
of Cawnpore chilled the blood of all Christendom
when it became known, and there was a universal
demand for vengeance. The center of revolt was
Delhi. Delhi fell when the Kashmir Bastion was
taken and the Kashmir gate blown open. This
story tells how a few brave Englishmen and a few
equally brave natives cheerfully gave their lives in
order that the way might be opened for six thou-
sand Englishmen to rush upon fifty thousand na-
tives and exact from them a fearful retribution
for the atrocities which they had committed.



i RITK AL SYNOPSIS OF SELECTIONS

Jim Bludso: By John Hay.

When John Hay, present Secretary of State, was
a young man, he wrote a series of poems called
"Pike County Ballads," which mainly relate the
heroic deeds of uncouth and every-day men. "Jim
Bludso" is one of these ; the tough, blaspheming
river-pilot, who stood at the wheel surrounded by
flame, and held the bow of the burning steamer
against the hank until all but himself escaped safely;
he stayed and died.

Marco Bozzaris: By Fitz-Greene Halleck.

"Marco Bozzaris" is one of the stirring ballads
which seem immortal. In 1820, when Greece re-
volted against Turkish rule and won her independ-
ence, Marco Bozarris, a brave leader of the insur-
gent Greeks, by night surprised the camp of an
overwhelming force of Turks, inflicted terrible loss
upon them, destroyed their leader and chief officers,
and was himself killed in the combat.

Minions and the Angevins, The: By Alexandre
Dumas.

Alexandre Dumas fairly revels in tales of per-
sonal prowess. One of his strongest stories is "La
Dame de Monsoreau," sometimes called, in English,
"Chicot, the Jester." This story is concerned largely
with the deeds of Louis de Clermont, Count Bussy
D'Ambois. The Minions are the personal favorites
of the King, dissolute, brave, unprincipled and quar-
relsome. To them are opposed the personal sup-
porters of the Due d'Anjou, always at feud with
their rivals, the Minions, engaged in intrigues
against the King, and fighting duels with his sup-
porters. The bravery of Bussy, the hatred of the
Angevins for him, and his final assassination by
them, are here told as an episode distinct from the
general plot of the story.

Port of Ships, The: By Joaquin Miller.

This strong ballad is an excellent example of an
American poet whose writings range from a plane
of high excellence, at best, to the extreme of com-
mon-place, at worst. Whether or not the poet had
in his mind Columbus and his voyage as the motive



CRITICAL SYNOPSIS OF SELECTIONS

of this strong poem, we do not know, but probably
all will agree that it illuminates the character of the
great admiral and the tenacity with which he pur-
sued his great quest.

Paul, The Christian : The Acts of the Apostles.

Doubtless comparatively few of the devout read-
ers of Holy Writ have considered the career of the
Apostle Paul from its literary and human sides, as
distinct from its exalted religious motives and in-
tellectual strength. There are in history few more
notable examples of personal bravery than the jour-
ney of Paul, his life being sought by a legion of
malignant enemies, to face them in their stronghold.
That daring act is here told, separated from the
context which accompanies it in the Acts of the
Apostles.

Red Thread of Honor, The: By Sir Francis Hast-
ings Doyle.

Sir Francis Hastings Doyle's ballad tells how the
fierce and brave Afghan warriors honor their dead,
and how "The Red Thread of Honor" was bestowed
by the Ameer upon his dead English foe, a tribute
from the living barbarian to the bravery of the dead
invader.

Socrates, The Pagan : Plato.

Equally great and worthy of admiration as the
Apostle of the Gentiles is the fortitude of the
Pagan Socrates, who, for his devotion to high
ideals and his refusal to discard his conscien-
tious beliefs, was condemned by his vindictive
enemies to suffer death by poison, on the charge
of blasphemy against the gods. Serene, un-
ruffled, calm in his belief in a future state of happi-
ness, thankful for all that is good in life, without
malice, he discusses with his weeping disciples the
life to come, drinks the fatal hemlock without a
tremor, and passes into the beyond.

Editor.



BIOGRAPHICAL
DICTIONARY OF AUTHORS



BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY
OF AUTHORS



Browning, Robert: Born at Camberwell, England,
May 7, 1812; died at Venice, Italy, December 12,
1889. An English poet of distinction, author of
many works notable for profundity and psycho-
logic insight; for powerful thought, often ob-
scured by involved and rugged diction. Intel-
lectually he stands with the great masters of
thought, by virtue of the majesty, force and in-
sight which characterize him at his best. With
these elements of power is frequently combined
great beauty of expression, and it is this occasional
combination of mental strength with poetic grace,
beauty and lucidity that entitles Browning to his
lofty place in literature.

His essential greatness of thought is, however,
seriously marred by his customary lack of clear-
ness. He is seldom simple and direct in expres-
sion. He revels in complexity and involution, in
abstrusities, in metaphysical discursions. He has
small regard for rhythm, meter and conventional
poetic form. Often, therefore, his meaning is not
easily understood, and where he is most obscure in
thought, the poetic qualities of melodious diction,
beautiful imagery and pleasing cadence are notably
missing. Because of these defects, Browning is
not a popular poet; he addresses himself to the
higher faculties of the intellect, rather than to the
imagination and the emotions.

But although essentially a philosopher-poet,
rather than a singer of songs, Robert Browning
has frequently made brilliant lyric and romantic
flights. Some of his shorter lyric poems are in-
stinct with charming imagery and melodious
beauty; and of famous ballads, few in the English



BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY OF AUTHORS

language are more widely read and frequently
quoted than "How They Brought the Good News
from Ghent to Aix."

In 1846 Browning married Elizabeth Barrett,
then prominent as a poetess, and made his home
in Florence, Italy, until his wife's death, in 1861.
Thereafter he resided alternately in London and
Venice.

Browning's principal works are: "Paracelsus"
(1835-6); "Strafford" (1837); "Sordello" (1840)
"Bells and Pomegranates" (1841-6); "Men and
Women" (1855); "Dramatis Personse" (1864);
"The Ring and the Book" (1868-9); Balaustion's
Adventure" (1871); "Prince Hohenstiel-Schwan-
gau" (1871); "Fifine at the Fair" (1872); "Red
Cotton Night-Cap Country" (1873); "Aristo-
phanes' Apology" (1875); "The Inn-Album"
(1876); "The Agamemnon of yEschylus" (1877);
"Dramatic Idyls" (1879); "Asolando" (1889).

Chapman, George: Born in Hertfordshire, England,
about 1559; died at London, May 12, 1634. An
English poet and dramatist of the Elizabethan
period. He was a prolific author, an intimate of
Ben Jonson, John Fletcher and others of the bril-
liant group of literary men distinguished as the
Elizabethan poets. His merit as a dramatic poet
has been overshadowed by his fame as. a translator
of Homer. His numerous plays were written for
the stage and as a means of livelihood, but, despite
the limitations thus imposed, they often contain
passages of much literary excellence. The dra-
matic form is not a popular vehicle for literature,
and the poetry of the drama is soon forgotten,
unless of the highest order. Hence Chapman has
unjustly been classed in the lower rank of the
minor Elizabethans and is remembered mainly as
a translator.

His great works, the translation of the "Iliad"
and "Odyssey" of Homer, hold a place among
the classics of English literature; but they are, in
fact, paraphrases rather than exact translations.
They are far from literal, and contain many inter-
polations, both verbal and essential; but the poetic
ability of Chapman is manifest in the fact that the



BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY OF AUTHORS

lesser poet loses none of the fire and power of the
greater, as other translators have done.

His principal dramatic works are: "The Blind
Beggar of Alexandria"; "All Fools"; "Eastward
Ho" (with Jonson and Marston); "The Gentle-
man Usher"; "Monsieur d'Olive"; "Bussy d'Am-
bois"; "The Revenge of Bussy d'Ambois"; "The
Conspiracy and Tragedy of Charles, Duke of
Byron"; "May Day"; "The Widow's Tears";
"Csesar and Pompey"; "Alphonsus, Emperor of
Germany"; "The Ball" (with Shirley); "Tragedy
of Chabot. Admiral of France."

Chatterton, Thomas: Born at Bristol, England,
November 20, 1752; committed suicide at London,
August 25, 1770. The poet Wordsworth charac-
terizes Chatterton as "That marvelous boy who
perished in his pride." His career was brief and
melancholy. A child of great precocity, isolated
from other children, morbid, intensely self-con-
scious; a fervid imagination left to riot in soli-
tude, unchecked and unguided, in an attic full of
old books and manuscripts; an astounding literary
imposture as the outcome; exposure, disgrace,
bitter want and suicide! Such is the summary of
Thomas Chatterton's sad life. For years the soli-
tary boy pored over the forgotten literary hoards
of history and romance which he had discovered;
his glowing imagination transmuted the dry chron-
icles of the forgotten past into romantic ballads
of knights and ladies, of chivalrous quests and
heroic adventure; and in 1769, when Chatterton
was seventeen years of age, the so-called "Rowley
Poems," ostensibly the work of a fifteenth century
priest, were given to the world through the
patronage of Horace Walpole. When these poems
were begun, Chatterton was twelve years old.
They were finished within four years, and the boy
took them to London to find a publisher. After
their publication they were subjected to a fire of
the gibing attacks that then stood for critical es-
timate, and finally the harmless fiction of their
supposed origin was cruelly exposed by the poet
Gray.
The morbid mind of young Chatterton writhed



BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY OF AUTHORS

tinder the revilings heaped upon him; he was in
the utmost destitution, and in an agony of despair
and shame he took his own life. The "Rowley
Poems," judged as the immature productions of a
boy, unquestionably show wonderful talent. They
were mercilessly dealt with, not because of their
defects, but because of a venial deception as to
their source; and a brilliant talent, which seemed
budding genius, was ungenerously destroyed.

De Berard, Frederick B.: Born at Racine, Wis.,
1853. A prolific writer during the past twenty-five
years, but mainly upon technical subjects and topics
of temporary interest. His strictly literary work
has been confined to criticisms, reviews and a very
few stories and poems. For a number of years he
has been occupied with practical studies of eco-
nomic questions, and particularly with investiga-
tions touching taxation and the municipal manage-
ment of the city of New York.

Doyle, Sir Francis Hastings Charles : Born in York-
shire, 1810, was a barrister, a poet and a writer of
lectures. His earliest verses appeared in the
Eton Miscellany. In 1834 he published his first
volume of poetry, viz., "Miscellaneous Verses,"
which was reissued in 1840 with numerous addi-
tions, among them being "Mehrab Khan." Four-
teen years later he published "The Return of the
Guards and Other Poems." Sir Francis was elected
Professor of Poetry at Oxford in 1867, and re-
elected in 1872. His "Lectures" were published in
1869 and 1877. He died in London June 8th, 1888.
He is noted chiefly in his poetic work for his
treatment of the ballad, employing it to portray
contemporary events. Among his notable ballads
are "The Red Thread of Honour," which was
translated into Pushtoo and became a favorite
among the natives on the northwestern frontier of
India ; "The Private of the Buffs ;" "The Fusilier's
Dog;" "The Loss of the Birkenhead," and "Mehrab
Khan." His fame rests chiefly on his ballads, but
his poems "The Platonist," "The Catholic" and
"The Death of Hector" showed his work in a widely
different field.
He also published in 1878 "Robin Hood's Bay,"



BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY OF AUTHORS

an ode to the English people, and in 1886 his "Rem-
iniscences and Opinions."

Dumas, Alexandre Davy de la Pailleterie (com-
monly called Dumas pere), the most prolific and
famous of French novelists and dramatic au-
thors, was born July 24, 1802; died December 5,
1870. This remarkable genius was of mixed blood,
his father, General Dumas, being the illegitimate
son of the Marquis de la Pailleterie, a rich colonist
of Santo Domingo, and a negress named Dumas.
At the age of twenty-three years the future nov-
elist left Villers-Cotteret, his birthplace, and took
up his abode in Paris as a Government clerk.


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