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Illustrated edition of the select works of John Bunyan : with an original sketch of the author's life and times ; (Volume 2) online

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2. It undervalueth the riches of his goodness, which can make all good
things to abound towards us.

2. This wicked thing may be done by hoarding up, when the hunger
and necessity of the poor calls for it. Now that God may show his dis-
like against this, he doth, as it were, licence the people to curse such an
hoarder up : " He that withholdeth corn, the people shall curse him ; but
blessing shall be upon the head of him that selleth it."

3. But if things will rise, do thou be grieved : be also moderate in al



880 THE LIFE AND DEATH OF MR. BADMAN.

thy sellings, and be sure let the poor have a pennyworth, and sell thy
corn to those in necessity, which then thou wilt do, when thou showest
mercy to the poor in thy selling to him, and when thou for his sake,
because he is poor, undersellest the market. This is to buy and sell with
good conscience : thy buyer thou wrongest not, thy conscience thou
wrongest not, thyself thou wrongest not, for God will surely recompense
thee.

I have spoken concerning corn, but thy duty is, to let thy moderation
in all things be known unto all men ; the Lord is at hand.

Atten. Well, Sir, now I have heard enough of Mr. Badman's naughti-
ness ; pray now proceed to his death.

Wise. Why, Sir, the sun is not so low ; we have yet three hours
to night.

Atten. Nay, I am not in any great haste ; but I thought you had even
now done with his hfe.

Wise. Done ! no, T have yet much more to say.

Atten. Then he has much more wickedness than I thought he had.

Wise. That may be. But let us proceed. This Mr. Badman added to
all his wickedness this ; he was a very proud man, a very proud man : he
was exceeding proud and haughty in mind ; he looked, that what he said
ought not, must not, be contradicted or opposed. He counted himself as
wise as the wisest in the country, as good as the best, and as beautiful a.«
he that had most of it. He took great delight in praising of himself, and
as much in the praises that others gave him. He could not abide that
any should think themselves above him ; or that their wit, or personage,
should by others be set before his. He had scarce a fellowly carriage for
his equals ; but for those that were of an inferior rank, he would look over
them in great contempt ; and if at any time he had any remote occasion
of having to do with them, he would show great height, and a very
domineering spirit. So that in this it may be said, that Solomon gave a
characteristical note of him, when he said, " Proud and haughty scorner
is his name, who dealeth in proud wrath." He never thought his diet
well enough dressed, his clothes fine enough made, or his praise enough
refined.

Atten. This pride is a sin that sticks as close to nature, I think, as most
sins. There is uncleanness and pride, I know not of any two gross sins
that stick closer to men than they. They have, as I may call it, an



THE LIFE AND DEATH OF MR. BADMAN. S8l

interest in nature ; it likes them, because they most suit its lusts and
fancies : and, therefore, no marvel though Mr. Badman was tainted with
pride, since he had so wickedly given up himself to work all iniquity with
greediness.

JVise. You say right ; pride is a sin that sticks close to nature, and is
one of the first follies wherein it shows itself to be polluted.' For even in
childhood, even in little children, pride will first of all show itself; it is a
hasty, an early appearance of the sin of the soul. It, as I may say, is that
corruption that strives for predominancy in the heart, and, therefore,
usually comes out first. But though children are so incident to it,
yet methinks those of more years should be ashamed thereof. 1 might
at the first have begun with Mr. Badman's pride, only I think it is not the
pride in infancy that begins to make a difference betwixt one and another,
as did, and do those wherewith I began my relation of his life : thei'eforc,
I passed it over ; but now, since he had no more consideration of himself,
and of his vile and sinful state, but to be proud when come to years,
I have taken the occasion in this place to make mention of his pride.

Atten. But pray, if you can remember them, tell me of some places of
scripture that speak against pride. I the rather desire that, because that
pride is now a reigning sin, and I happen sometimes to fall into the com-
pany of them that in my conscience are proud, very much, and I have a
mind also to tell them of their sin : now, when I tell them of it, unless I
bring God's w^ord too, I doubt they will laugh me to scorn.

Wise. Laugh you to scorn ! the proud man will laugh you to scorn,
bring to him what text you can, except God shall smite him in his con-
science by the word. Mr. Badman did use to serve them so that did use
to tell him of his. And besides, when you have said what you can, they
will tell you they are not proud, and that you are rather the proud man,
else you would not judge, nor so malapertly meddle with other men's
matters as you do. Nevertheless, since you desire it, I will mention two
or three texts: they are these: "Pride and arrogancy do I hate. A
man's pride shall bring him low. And he shall bring down their pride.

' " Pride, self-adoring pride, was primal cause

Of all sin past, all pain, all woe to come, ,

Unconquerable pride! first eldest sin,
Great fountain head of evil ! highest source.
Whence flowed rebellion 'gainst the Omnipotent,
Whence hate of njan to man and all else ill." — Milton,
VOL. I. .5 u



882 THE LIFE AND DEATH OF MR. BADMATST.

And all the proud, and all that do wickedly shall be as stubble, and the
day that comes shall burn them up." This last is a dreadful text; it is
enough to make a proud man shake : God, saith he, will make the proud
ones as stubble ; that is, as fuel for the fire : and the day that cometh shall
be like a burning oven, and 'that day shall burn them up, saith the Lord.™
But Mr. Badman could never abide to hear pride spoken against, nor that
any should say of him. He is a proud man.

Atten. What should be the reason of that?

Wise. He did not tell me the reason ; but I suppose it to be that which
is common to all vile persons. They love this vice, but care not to bear
its name. The drunkard loves the sin, but loves not to be called a
drunkard. The thief loveth to steal, but cannot abide to be called a thief;
the whore loveth to commit uncleanness, but loveth not to be called
a whore : and so Mr. Badman loved to be proud, but could not abide to
be called a proud man. The sweet of sin is desirable to polluted and cor-
rupted man, but the name thereof is a blot in his escutcheon.

Atten. It is true that you have said : but pray how many sorts of pride
are there ?

Wise. There are two sorts of pride ; pi-ide of spirit, and pride of body.
The first of these is thus made mention of in the scriptures. " Every one
that is proud in heart is abomination to the Lord. A high look, and a
proud heart, and the ploughing of the wicked, is sin. The patient in spirit
is better than the proud in spirit." Bodily pride the scripture mentions.
" In that day the Lord shall take away the bravery of their tinkling orna-
ments about their feet, and their cauls, and their round tires like the
moon, the chains and the bracelets, and the mufflers, the bonnets, and the
ornaments of the legs, and the headbands, and the tablets, and the ear-
rings, the rings and the nose jewels ; the changeable suits of apparel, and
the mantles, and the wimples, and the crisping pins, the glasses and the
fine linen, and the hoods and the vails." By these expressions it is

" The. equality which nature ha« estabKshed among men, their wants, their constitutions,
and their end the same, might he expected to supply an antidote to pride. How often
might the studious observer who marks the progress and fortune of eminent men, say, as was
said of the premature fall of certain politicians early in the present century —
" I marked them in the zenith of their fame.
Their bosoms swelling with ambition's glow,
I heard exulting crowds their worth proelaim,
Then saw them fall ' the lowest of the low."
While pity strove to vindicate their mime.
And silence kindly dropp'd her veil on wue,'* — Mniii/ coloured Ltje.



THE LIFE AND DEATH OF MR. BADMAN. 883

evident, that tliere is a pride of body, as well as a pride of spirit, and that
both are sin, and so abominable to the Lord. But these texts Mr. Bad-
man could never abide to read, they were to him as Micaiah was to Ahab,
they never spoke good of him, but evil.

Atten. 1 suppose that it was not Mr. Badman's case alone, even to
malign those texts that speak against their vices ; for I believe that most
ungodly men, where the scriptures are, have a secret antipathy against
those words of God that do most plainly and fully rebuke them for their
sins.

Wise. That is out of doubt ; and by that antipathy they show that sin
and satan are more welcome to them, than are the more wholesome
instructions of life and godliness.

Atten. Well, but not to go off from our discourse of Mr. Badman. You
say he was proud ; but will you show me now some symptoms of one that
is proud ?

Wise. Yes, that I will : and first I will show you some symptoms of
pride of heart. Pride of heart is seen by outward things, as pride of body
in general is a sign of pride of heart ; for all proud gestures of the body
flow from pride of heart : therefore Solomon saith, " There is a generation,
O how lofty are their eyes, and their eyelids are lifted up." And again,
"There is that exalteth their gait," their going. Now these lofty eyes,
and this exalting of the gait, is a sign of a proud heart ; for both these
actions come from the heart: for out of the heart comes pride, in all the
visible appearances of it. But, more particularly,

1. Heart pride is discovered by a stretched-out neck, and by mincing as
they go. For the wicked, the proud, have a proud neck, a proud foot, a
proud tongue, by which this their going is exalted. This is that which
makes them look scornfully, speak ruggedly, and carry it huffingly among
tlieir neighbours.

2. A proud heart is a persecuting one: "The wicked through his pride
doth persecute the poor."

3. A prayerless man is a proud man.

4. A contentious man is a proud man.

5. The disdainful man is a proud man,

6. The man that oppresses his neighbour is a proud man.

7. He that hearkeneth not to God's word with reverence and fear, is a
proud man.



881 THE LIFE AND DEATH OP MR. BADMAN.

8. And he that culls the proud happy, is, to be sure, a proud man.
All these are proud in heart, and this their pride of heart doth thus dis-
cover itself.

As to bodily pride, it is discovered, that is, something of it, by all the
particulars mentioned before : for though they are said to be symptoms oi
pride of heart, yet they are symptoms of that px'ide, by their showing of
themselves in the body. You know diseases that are within, are seen oft-
times by outward and visible signs, yet by them very signs, even the out-
side is defiled also. So all those visible signs of heart-pride, are signs of
bodily pride also. But to come to more outward signs. The putting on
of gold, and pearls, and costly array ; the plaiting of the hair, the following
of fashions, the seeking by gestures to imitate the proud, either by speech,
looks, dresses, goings, or other fool's baubles, of which at this time the
world is full ; all these, and many more, are signs, as of a proud heart, so
of bodily pride also.

But Mr. Badman would not allow, by any means, that this should be
called pride, but rather neatness, handsomeness, comeliness, cleanliness,
&c., neither would he allow, that following of fashions was any thing else,
but because he would not be proud, singular, and esteemed fantastical by
his neighbours.

Atten. But I have been told, that when some have been rebuked for
their pride, they have turned it again, upon the brotherhood of those by
whom they have been rebuked : saying, Physician, heal thy friends, look
at home among your brotherhood, even among the wisest of you, and see
if you yourselves be clear, even your professors ; for who is prouder than
your professors?" Scarce the devil himself.

Wise. My heart aches at this, because there is too much cause for it.
This very answer would Mr. Badman give his wife, when she as she would
sometimes reprove him for his pride. We shall have, says he, great
amendments in living now, for the devil is turned a corrector of vice ; for
no sin reigneth more in the world, quoth he, than pride among professors.
And who can contradict him ? Let us give the devil his due, the tiling is
too apparent for any man to deny.

And I doubt not but the same answer is ready in the mouths of Mr. Bad-
man's friends; for they may, and do, see pride display itself in the apparel

■■ " And thinkest thou this, O man. that judgcth them which do such things, and doest the
same, that thou shalt escape the judgment of God?" — Romans, ii., 3.



THE LIFE AND DEATH OF MR. BADMAN. 885

and carriages of professors, one may say, almost as much as among any
people in the land ; the more is the pity. Ay, and I fear that even their
extravagancies in this, hath hardened the heart of many an one, as I per-
ceive it did somewhat the heart of Mr. Badman himself.

For my own part, I have seen many myself, and those church-members
too, so decked and bedaubed with their fangles and toys, and that when
they have been at the solemn appointments of God, in the way of his
worship, that I have wondered with what face such painted persons could
sit in the place where they were without swooning. But certainly the
holiness of God, and also the pollution of themselves by sin, must needs
be very far out of the minds of such people, what profession soever they
make.

I have read of an whore's forehead, and I have read of christian shame-
facedness ; I have read of costly array, and of that which becometh
women professing godliness, with good works ; but if 1 might speak I
know what I know, and could say, and yet do no wrong, that which
would make some professors stink in their places : but now I forbear.

Atten. Sir, you seem greatly concerned at this ; but what if I shall
say more ? It is whispered, that some good ministers have countenanced
their people in their light and wanton apparel : yea, have pleaded for their
gold and pearls, and costly array.

Wise. I know not what they have pleaded for ; but it is easily seen,
that they tolerate, or, at leastwise, wink and connive at such things, both
in their wives and children. " And so from the prophets of Jerusalem is
profaneness gone forth into all the land." And when the hand of the
rulers are either chief in a trespass, who can keep their people from being
drowned in that trespass ?

Atten. This is a lamentation, and must stand for a lamentation.

Wise. So it is, and so it must. And I will add, it is a shame, it is a
i-eproach, it is a stumbling-block to the blind ; for though men be as
blind as Mr. Badman himself, yet they can see the foolish lightness that
must needs be the bottom of all these apish and wanton extravagancies.
But many have their excuses ready, to wit, their parents, their husbands,
and their breeding calls for it, and the like : yea, the examples of good
people prompt them to it : but all these will be but the spider's web,
when the thunder of the word of the great God shall rattle from heaven
against them, as it will at death, or judgment ! but I wish it might do it



886 THE LIFE AND DEATH OF MR. BADMAN.

before. But alas ! these excuses are but bare pretences, these proud ones
love to have it so. I once talked with a maid by way of reproof, for her
fond and gaudy garment. But she told me, The tailor would make it so;
when alas ! poor proud girl, she gave orders to the tailor so to make it.
Many make parents, and husbands, and tailors, &c. the blind to others ;
but their naughty hearts, and their giving of way thereto, that is the
original cause of all these evils.

Atten. Now you are speaking of the cause of pride, pray show me yet
further why pride is now so much in request.

Wise. I will show you what I think are the reasons of it.

1. The first is, Because such persons are led by their own hearts, rather
than bv the word of God. I told you before, that the original fountain of
pride is the heart. For out of the heart comes pride ; it is, therefore,
because they are led by their hearts, which naturally tends to lift them up
in pride. This pride of heart tempts them : and by its deceits overcometh
them ; yea, it doth put a bewitching virtue into their peacock's feathers,
and then they are swallowed up with the vanity of them."

2. Another reason why professors are so proud, (for those we are talk-
ing of now, (is, because they are more apt to take example by those that
are of the world, than they are to take example of those that are saints
indeed. Pride is of the world : " For all that is of the world, the lusts of
the flesh, the lust of the eyes, and the pride of life, are not of the Father,
but of the world." Of the world, therefore, professors learn to be proud.
But they should not take them for example. It will be objected No, nor
your saints neither, for you are as proud as others : well, let them take
shame that are guilty. But when I say, professors should take example
for their life by those that are saints indeed, I mean as Peter says ; They
should take example of those that were in old time the saints ; for saints of
old time were the best, therefore, to these he directed us for our pattern :
" Let the wives' conversation be chaste, and also coupled with fear. Whose
adorning, (saith Peter,) let it not be that outward adorning, of plaiting the
hair, and of wearing of gold, or of putting on of apparel ; but let it be the
hidden man of the heart, in that which is not corruptible, even the orna-
ment of a meek and quiet spirit, which is in the sight of God of great

" How earnestly ought those here described to adopt the wise man's petition — "Remove
far from me vanity and lies : give me neither poverty nor riches ; feed me with food
convenient for me." — Proverbs, xxx. 8.



THE LIFE AND DEATH OF MR. BADMAN. 887

price. or after this manner, in the old time, the holy women also who
trusted in God adorned themselves, being in subjection to their own
husbands."

3. Another reason is, because tliey have forgotten the pollution of their
nature. For the remembrance of that must needs keep us humble, and
being kept humble, we shall be at a distance from pride. The proud and
the humble are set in opposition : " God resisteth the proud, but giveth
grace to the humble." And can it be imagined, that a sensible christian
should be a proud one? Sense of baseness tends to lay us low, not to lift
us up with pride ; not with pride of heart, nor pride of life : but when a
man begins to forget what he is, he then, if ever, begins to be proud.

Methinks it is one of the most senseless and ridiculous things in the
world, that a man should be proud of that which is given him on purpose
to cover the shame of his nakedness with.

4. Persons that are proud, have gotten God and his holiness out of their
sight. If God was before them, as he is behind their back ; and if they
saw him in his holiness, as he sees them in their sins and shame, they
would take but little pleasure in their apish knacks.'' The holiness of God
makes the angels cover their faces, crumbles christians, when they behold
it, into dust and ashes ; and as his majesty is, such is his word ; therefore
they abuse it, that bring it to countenance pride.

Lastly, But what can be the end of those that are proud, in the decking
of themselves after their antic manner? Why are they for going with
their bulls foretops, with their naked shoulders, and paps hanging out like
a cow's bag ? Why are they for painting their faces, for stretching out
their neck, and for putting out themselves unto all the formalities which
proud fancy leads them to ? Is it because they would honour God ?
because they would adorn the gospel? because they would beautify
religion, and make sinners to fall in love with their own salvation ? No,
no, it is rather to please their lusts, to satisfy their wild and extravagant
fancies ; and I wish none doth it to stir up lust in others, to the end they
commit uncleanness with them. I believe, whatever is their end, this is



P " Dost thou think that God is everywhere present, and infinite, and ail-sufficient ? If not,
thou dost not believe that he is God ; and it is unreasonable to imagine that God hath made
a world that is gi-eater, and more extensive or comprehensive than himself. It is base and
blasphemous thoughts of God, as if he were limited, absent, or insufficient, that makes men
thi:ik him so regardless of their ways." — Preface to Call to the Unconverted.



888 THE LIFE AND DEATH OF MR. BADMAN.

one of the great designs of the devil : and I helieve also, that satan has
drawn more into the sin of uncleanness by the spangling show of fine
clothes, than he possibly could have drawn unto it without them. I
wonder what it was that of old was called the attire of an harlot : cer-
tainly it could not be more bewitching and tempting than are the gar-
ments of many professors this day.

Atten. I like what you say very well ; and I wish that all the proud
dames in England that profess were within the reach and sound of your
words.

Wise. What I have said, I believe is true ; but as for the proud dames
in England that profess, they have Moses and the prophets ; and if they
will not hear them, how then can we hope that they should receive good
by such a dull sounding ram's horn as I am ? However, I have said
my mind ; and now if you will, we will proceed to some other of Mr.
Badman's doings.

Atten. No: Pray before you show me any thing else of Mr. Badman,
show me yet more particularly the evil effects of this sin of pride.

Wise. With all my heart, I will answer your request.

1 . Then : It is pride that makes a poor man so like the devil in hell, that
he cannot in it be known to be the image and similitude of God. The
angels, when they became devils, it was through their being lifted or
puffed up with pride. It is pride also that lifteth or puffeth up the heart
of the sinner, and makes him to bear the very image of the devil.

2. Pride makes a man so odious in the sight of God that he shall not,
must not, come nigh his Majesty : " Though the Lord be high, yet hath
he respect to the lowly; but the proud he knows afar off." Pride sets
God and the soul at a distance ; pride will not let a man come nigh God,
nor God will not let a proud man come nigh unto him : now this is
a dreadful thing.

3. As pride sets, so it keeps God and the soul at a distance. God
resisteth the proud ; resists, that is, he opposes him, he thrusts him from
him, he contemneth his person, and all his performances. Come into
God's ordinances the proud man may ; but come into his presence, have
communion with him, or blessing from him, he shall not ; for the high
God doth resist him.

4. The word saith, that " the Lord will destroy the house of tne proud:"
he will destroy his house : it may be understood, he will destrov him and



THE LIFE AND DEATH OF MR. BADMAN. 889

his. So he destroyed proud Pharaoh, so he destroyed proud Korah, and
many others.

5. Pride, whiere it comes, and is entertained, is a certain forerunner of
some judgment that is not far behind. When pride goes before, shame
and destruction will follow after. " When pride cometh, then cometh
shame. Pride goeth before destruction, and a haughty spirit before a fall.'"'

6. Persisting in pride makes the condition of a poor man as remediless
as is that of the devils themselves.

And this I fear was Mr. Badman's condition, and that was the reason
that he died so as he did ; as I shall show you anon.

But what need I thus talk of the particular actions, or rather the pro-
digious sins, of Mr. Badman, when his whole life, and all his actions, went
as it were to the making up one massy body of sin ? Instead of believing
that there was a God, his mouth, his life and actions declared, that he
believed no such tWng; "His transgression said within my heart, that
there was no fear of God before his eyes." Instead of honouring of God,
and of giving glory to him for any of his mercies, or under any of his good
providences towards him, (for God is good to all, and lets his sun shine,
and his rain fall, upon the unthankful and unholy,) he would ascribe the
glory to other causes. If they were mercies, he would ascribe them (if
the open face of the providence did not give him the lie) to his own wit,



Online LibraryUnknownIllustrated edition of the select works of John Bunyan : with an original sketch of the author's life and times ; (Volume 2) → online text (page 22 of 78)