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Illustrated edition of the select works of John Bunyan : with an original sketch of the author's life and times ; (Volume 1) online

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and so a rogue still ; whereas, if his mind was changed, he would be
otherwise.

Hope. Now I have showed you the reasons of their going back, do you
show me the manner thereof.

Chr. So I will willingly. |

1 . They draw off their thoughts, all that they may, from the remem-
brance of God, death, and judgment to come.

2. Then they cast off, by degrees, private duties, as closet prayer, curb-
ing their lusts, watching, sorrow for sin, &c. !

3. Then they shun the company of lively and warm Christians. j

4. After that, they grow cold to public duty, as I earing, reading, godly [
conference, and the like.

5. Then they begin to pick holes, as we say, in the coats of some of
the godly, and that devilishly, that they may have a seeming colour to
throw religion (for the sake of some infirmities they have espied in them)
behind their backs.'

6. Then they begin to adhere to, and associate themselves witn carnal, i
loose, and wanton men. I

7. Then they give way to carnal and wanton discourses in secret,
and glad are they, if they can see such things in any that are counted 1
honest, that they may the more boldly do it through their example. |

8. After this, they begin to play with Uttle sins openly.

9. And then being hardened, they show themselves as they are. Thus [ I
being launched again into the gulf of misery, unless a miracle of grace j !
prevent it, they everlastingly perish in their own deceivings. i

' To the man who acts such a part, the words of Paul addressed to Elymas, the sorcerer, i j
may he justly applied : '■ O. full of all subtlety and mischief, thou child of the devil, thou | !
enemy of all righteousness!, wilt thou not cease to pervert the right ways of the Lord." —
Acts, xiii. 10.



lai THE PILGRIM'S PROGRESS.

Now I saw in my dream, that by this time the pilgrims were got over
the Enchanted Ground, and entering into the country of Beulah, whose
air was veiy sweet and pleasant, the way lying dii-ectly through it, they
solaced themselves there for a season. Yea, here they heard continually
the singing of birds, and saw every day the flowers appear in the earth,
and heard the voice of the tm-tle in the land. In this countiy the sun
shineth night and day ; wherefore it was beyond the Valley of the Shadow
of Death, and also out of the reach of Giant Despair ; neither could they
from this place so much as see Doubting-Castle. Here they were within
sight of the city they were going to : also here met them some of the
inhabitants thereof; for in this land the Shining Ones counnonly walked,
because it was on the borders of heaven. In this land also the contract
between the bride and the bridegroom was renewed ; yea, here, "as the
bridegroom rejoiceth over the bride, so did their God rejoice over them."
Here they had no want of corn and wine ; for in this place they met
abundance of what the y had sought for in all their pilgrimage. Here they
heard voices from out of the city, loud voices, saying, " Say ye to
the daughter of Zion, Behold thy salvation cometh ! Behold, his reward is
with him !" Here all the inhabitants of the country called them, " The
holy people, The redeemed of the Lord, Sought out," &c.

Now, as they walked in this land, they had more rejoicing than in parts
more remote from the kingdom to which they were bound : and drawing
nearer to the city yet, they had a more perfect view thereof. It was built
of pearls and precious stones, also the streets thereof were paved with
gold ; so that by reason of the natural glory of the city, and the reflection
of the su l-iams upon it. Christian with desire fell sick. Hopeful also
had a fit or two of the same disease : wherefore, here they lay by it awhile,
crying out, because of their pangs, " If you see my beloved, tell him that
I am sick of love."

But being a lit! le strengthened, and better able to bear their sickness,
they walked on their way, and came yet nearer and nearer, where were
orchards, vineyards, and gardens, and their gates opened into the highway.
Now as they came up to these places, behold the gardener stood in the
way, to whom the pilgrims said. Whose goodly vineyards and gardens are
these? He answered. They are the King's, and are planted here for his
own delight, and also for the solace of pilgrims. So the gardener had
them into the vineyards, and bid them refresh themselves with dainties.



THE PILGEIM'S PROGRESS. 135

He also showed them there the King's walks and arbours, where he
delighted to be : and here they tarried and slept.

Now I beheld in my dream, that they talked more in their sleep at this
time than ever they did in all their jom-ney ; and being in a muse there-
about, the gardener said even to me, Wherefore musest thou at the mat-
ter? It is the nature of the fruit of the grapes of these vineyards
to go down so sweetly, as to cause the lips of them that are asleep
to speak.

So I saw that when they awoke, they addressed themselves to go up to
the city : but, as I said, the reflection of the sun upon the city (for the
city was pure gold) was so extremely glorious, that they could not as yet
with open face behold it, but through an instrument made for that pur-
pose. So I saw, that as they went on, there met them two men in
raiment that shone like gold ; also their faces shone as the light."

These men asked the pilgrims, whence they came? and they told them.
They also asked them, Where they had lodged? What difficulties and
dangers, what comforts and pleasures, they had met with in the way? and
they told them. Then said the men that met them, You have but two
difficulties more to meet with, and then you are in the city.

Christian then, and his companion, asked the men to go along with
them : so they told them that they would : but, said they, you must
obtain it by your own faith. So I saw in my dream, that they went
on together, until they came in sight of the gate.

Now I further saw, that betwixt them and the gate was a river, but
there was no bridge to go over, and the river was very deep. At
the sight, therefore, of this river the pilgrims were much stunned, but the
men that went with them said, You must go through, or you cannot
come at the gate.

The pilgrims then began to inquire if there was no other way to
the gate ? To which they answered. Yes, but there hath not any, save
two, to wit, Enoch and Elijah, been permitted to tread that path since the
foundation of the world, nor shall until the last trumpet shall sound. The
pilgrims then, (especially Christian) began to despond in their minds, and
looked this way and that, but no way could be found by them, by which

° The author here had in his mind the transfiguration of Jesus. The two men met by the
Pilgrims had the brightness of Him

" Who, light himself, in uncreated light
Dn ells awfuliy retired from mortal eye."



136 THE PILGRIM'S PROGRESS.

they might escape the river. Then they asked the men if the waters were
all of a depth ? They said No ; yet they could not help them in that
case ; for, said they, you shall find it deeper or shallower or lower, as you
believe in the King of the place.

Then they addressed themselves to the water, and entering, Christian
began to sink ; and crying out to his good friend Hopeful, he said,
I sink in deep waters ; the billows go over my head ; all the waves go
over me. Selah-

Then said the other. Be of good cheer, my brother ; I feel the bottom,
and it is good. Then said Christian, Ah ! my friend, the sorrow of death
hath compa;ssed me about, I shall not see the land that floweth with milk
and honey. And with that, a great darkness and horror fell upon
Christian, so that he could not see before him. Also here he in a great
measure lost his senses ; so that he could neither remember nor orderly
talk, of any of those sweet refreshments that he had met with in the way
of his pilgrimage. But all the words that he spake still tended to dis-
cover, that he had horror of mind, and heart-fears that he should die in
that river, and never obtain entrance in at the gate.' Here also, as they
that stood by perceived, he was much in the troublesome thoughts of the
sins that he had committed, both since and before he began to be a
pilgrim. It was also obsen^ed, that he was troubled with apparitions of
hobgoblins and evil spirits ; for ever and anon he would intimate so much
by words. Hopeful therefore here had much ado to keep his brother's
head above water : yea, sometimes he would be quite gone down, and then
ere awhile he would rise up again half dead. Hopeful did also endeavour
to comfort him, saying. Brother, I see the gate, and men standing by to
receive us ; but Christian would answer. It is you, it is you they wait for ;
you have been hopeful ever since I knew you. And so have you, said he
to Christian. Ah ! brother, said he, surely if I was right, he would now
rise to help me ; but for my sins he hath brought me into the snare, and
left me. Then said Hopeful, My brother, you have quite forgot the text,
where it is said of the wicked, there are no bands in their death, but their
strength is firm ; they are not troubled as other men, neither are they
plagued like other men. These troubles and distresses that you go
through in these waters, are no sign that God hath forsaken you, but are

' " when Death kindly tenders u? relief

We cnll him cruel." — Young.



THE PILGRIM'S PROGRESS. 137

sent to try you, whether you will call to mind that which heretofore you
have received of his goodness, and live upon him in your distresses.

Then I saw in my dream, that Christian was in a muse awhile. To
whom also Hopeful added these words. Be of good cheer, Jesus Christ
maketh thee whole. And with that Christian brake out with a loud voice,
Oh ! I see him again ! and he tells me, " When thou passest through the
waters I will be with thee ; and through the rivers, they shall not ovei-flow
thee.'"' Then they both took courage, and the enemy after that was as
still as a stone, until they were gone over. Christian therefore presently
found ground to stand upon, and so it followed that the rest of the river
was but shallow ; but thus they got over. Now, upon the bank of the
river, on the other side, they saw the two Shining Men again, who there
waited for them. Wherefore, being come out of the river, they saluted
them, saying, " We are ministering spirits, sent forth to minister to those
that shall be heirs of salvation." Thus they went along toward the gate.
Now you must note, that the city stood upon a mighty hill ; but the pil-
grims went up that hill with ease, because they had these two men to lead
them up by the arms ; they had likewise left theu' mortal garments behind
them in the river ; for though they went in with them, they came out
without them. They therefore went up here with much agility and speed,
though the foundation upon which the city was framed was higher than
the clouds ; they therefore went up through the region of the air, sweetly
talking as they went, being comforted, because they safely got over the
river, and had such glorious companions to attend them.

The talk that they had with the Shining Ones was about the glory
of the place, who told them that the beauty and glory of it was
inexpressible. There, said they, is " Mount Zion, the heavenly Jevu-
ealem, the innumerable company of angels, and the spirits of just men
made perfect." You are now going, said they, to the paradise of God,

' The natural death to which all the sons of men, Enoch and Elijah only are excepted,
were from the first doomed, it will here be noted, is shown by the writer to be very different
from the Valley of the Shadow of Death through which Christian had formerly to make his
way. Sinking to the grave, the mortal part, the habUiments of the soul while journeying
through the world, there are left behind, and the renovated spirit rises fresh and joyous as
relieved from a fearful encumbrance. Then blissful life and immortality, as " brought to light
in the gospel," are full before it. In the dismal valley doubts and well-grounded fears,
growing on the consciousness of sin and the culpable neglect of duty, denied the terrified
struggler this beautiful vision, this soul-cheering prospect.
VOL. I. T



138 THE PILGRIM'S PROGRESS.

wherein you shall see the tree of life, and eat of the never-fading fruits
thereof; and when you come there, you shall have white robes given you,
and your walk and talk shall be every day with the king, even all the days
of eternity. There you shall not see again such things as you saw when
you were in the lower region upon the earth, to wit, soitow, sickness,
affliction, and death, "for the former things are passed away." You are
now going to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, and to the prophets, men that
God hath taken away from the evil to come, and that are now resting upon
their beds, each one walking in his righteousness. The men then asked,
What must we do in the holy place? To whom it was answered. You
must there receive the comforts of all your toil, and have joy for all your
sorrow; you must reap what you have sown, even the fruit of all
your prayers and tears, and sufferings, for the King by the way. In
that place you must wear crowns of gold, and enjoy the perpetual sight
and vision of the Holy One ; " for there you shall see him as he is.
There also you shall serve him continually with praise, with shouting,
and thanksgiving, whom you desired to serve in the world, though with
much difficulty, because of the infirmity of your flesh. There your eyes
shall be delighted with seeing, and your ears with hearing the pleasant
voice of the mighty One. There you shall enjoy your friends again, that
are gone thither before you ; and there you shall with joy receive even
every one that follows into the holy places after you. There also you shall
be clothed mth glory and majesty, and put into an equipage fit to ride out
with the King of Glory. When he shall come with sound of trumpet in
the clouds, as upon the wings of the wind, you shall come with him ; and
when he shall sit upon the throne of judgment, you shall sit by him ; yea,
and when he shall pass sentence upon all the workers of iniquity, let them
be angels or men, you also shall have a voice in that judgment, because
they were his and your enemies. Also when be shall again return to the
city, you shall go too with sound of trumpet, and be ever with him.''

» " "Tis given them to understand how great a good is laid up to them in store. The
things which eye hath not seen, and ear has not heard, and which otherwise could not have
entered into the heart of man, the things of God's present and eternal kingdom are set in
view. They are shown that the future state of the reconciled shall consist not only in freedom
from what is evil, but in the enjoyment of the best and most desirable good; that God himself
in all his glorious fullness will be their eternal and most satisfying portion ; that their blessed-
ness is to lie in the perpetual pristine vision of his blessed face, and in the fulness of joy, and
the everlasting pleasures which the divine presence itself doth perpetually afford." — Howe.



THE PILGRIM'S PROGRESS. 139

Now, while they were thus drawing towards the gate, behold a company
of the heavely host came out to meet them ; to whom it was said by the
other two Shining Ones, These are the men that have loved our Lord, when
they were in the world, and that have left all for his holy name, and he
hath sent us to fetch them, and we have brought them thus far on their
desired journey, that they may go in, and look their Redeemer in the face
with joy. Then the heavenly host gave a great shout, saying, " Blessed
are they that are called to the marriage supper of the Lamb." There
came out also at this time to meet them, several of the King's trumpeters,
clothed in white and shining raiment, who, with melodious noises and loud,
made even the heavens to echo with their sound. These trumpeters
saluted Christian and his fellow with ten thousand welcomes from the
world ; and this they did with shouting and sound of trumpet.

This done, they compassed them round about on every side ; some went
before, some behind, and some on the right hand, and some on the left,
(as it were to guard them through the upper regions), continually sound-
ing as they went with melodious noise, in notes on high ; so that the vei-y
sight was to them tnat could behold it, as if heaven itself was come down
to meet them. Thus therefore they walked on together; and as they
walked, ever and anon these trumpeters, even with joyful sound, would,
by mixing their music with looks and gestures, still signify to Christian
and his brother how welcome they were into their company, and with
what gladness they came to meet them. And now were these two men,
as it were, in heaven before they came at it, being swallowed up with the
sight of angels, and with hearing their melodious notes. Here also they
had the city itself in view, and thought they heard all the bells therein to
ring, to welcome them thereto. But above all, the warm and joyful
thoughts that they had about their own dwelling there with such com-
pany, and that for ever and ever. Oh ! by what tongue or pen can their
glorious joy be expressed ! Thus they came up to the gate.

Now, when they were come up to the gate, there was written over
it in letters of gold, " Blessed are they that do his commandments,
that they may have right to the tree of life, and may enter in through
the gates into the city.

Then I saw in my dream, that the Shining Men bid them call at
the gate ; the which when they did, some from above looked over the
gate, to wit Enoch, Moses, and Elijah, &c., to whom it was said, These



140 THE PILGRIM'S PROGRESS.

pilgrims are come from the city of Destruction, for the love that they bear
to the King of this place ; and then the pilgrims gave in unto them each
man his certificate, which they had received in the beginning : those there-
fore were carried in to the King, who, when he had read them, said,
Where are the men? To whom it was answered, They are standing
without the gate. The King then commanded to open the gate, " that
the righteous nation," said he, " that keepeth truth may enter in."

Now I saw in my dream, that these two men went in at the gate ; and
lo ! as they entered, they were transfigured ; and they had raiment put on
that shone like gold. There was also that met them with harps and
crowns, and gave them to them, the harps to praise withal, and the
crowns in token of honour. Then I heard in my dream, that all the bells
in the city rang again for joy ; and that it was said unto them, " Enter ye
into the joy of our Lord." I also heard the men themselves sing with a
loud voice, saying, " Blessing, honour, glory, and power, be unto him
that sitteth upon the throne, and to the Lamb for ever and ever."

Now, just as the gates were opened to let in the men, I looked in after
them, and behold the city shone Uke the sun ; the streets also were
paved with gold, and in them walked many men with crowns upon their
heads, palms in their hands, and golden harps to sing praises withal.^

There were also of them that had wings, and they answered one
another without intermission, saj-ing, " Holy, Holy, Holy is the Lord."
And after that they shut up the gates ; which, when I had seen, I wished
myself among them.

' " I beheld, and, lo, a great multitude, which no man could number, of all nations, and
kindreds, and people, and tongues, stood before the throue, and before the Lamb, clothed
with white robes, and palms in their hands ; and cried with a loud voice, saying, Salvation tn
OUT God which sitteth upon the throne, and unto the Lamb. And all the angels stood round
about the throne, and about the elders and the four beasts, and fell before the throne on their
fitces, and worshipped God, saying. Amen : Blessing, and glory, and wisdom, and thanksgiv-
ing, and honour, and power, and might, be unto our God for ever and ever. Amen. And one
of the elders answered, saying unto me, AVTiat are these which are arrayed in white robes ?
and whence came they? And I said unto him, Sir, thou knowest. And he said unto me.
These are they which came out of great tribulation, and have washed their robes, and made
them white in the blood of the Lamb. Therefore are they before the throne of God, and
serve him day and night in his temple : and he that sitteth on the throne shall dwell among
them. They shall hunger no more, neither thirst any more; neither shall the sun light on
them, nor any heat. For the Lamb which is in the midst of the throne shall feed them, and
shall lead them unto hving fountains of waters : and God shall wipe away all tears from their
eyes." — Revelations, vii., 9 — 17.



THE PILGRIM'S PROGRESS. 141

Now while 1 was gazing upon all these things, I turned my head
to look back, and saw Ignorance coming up to the river side ; but he soon
got over, and that without half the difficulty which the other two men
met with. For it happened, that there was then at that place one Vain-
Hope, a ferryman, that with his boat helped him over; so he, as the
other, I saw did ascend the hill, to come up to the gate, only he came
alone; neither did any man meet him with the least encouragement.
When he was come up to the gate, he looked up to the writing that was
above, and then began to knock, supposing that entrance should have
been quickly administered to him ; but he was asked by the men who
looked over the top of the gate. Whence come you ? And what would
you have ? He answered, I have eat and drank in the presence of the
King, and he has taught in our streets. Then they asked him for his
certificate, that they might go in and show it to the King. So he
fumbled in his bosom for one, and found none. Then said they, Have
you none? But the man answered never a word. So they told the
King, but he would not come down to see them, but commanded the two
Shining Ones that conducted Christian and Hopeful to the city, to go out
and take Ignorance, and bind him hand and foot, and have him away.
Then they took him up, and carried him through the air, to the door that
I saw in the side of the hill, and put him in there. Then I saw that
there was a way to hell, even from the gates of heaven, as well as
from the city of Destruction.

So I awoke, and behold it was a dream !



THE PILGRIM'S PROGRESS.



THE CONCLUSION.

Now, reader, I have told my dream to tliee.

See if thou can'st interpret it to me.

Or to thyself, or neighbour ; but take tuied

Of misinterpreting ; for that, instead

Of doing good, '.viU but thyself abuse :

By misinterpreting evil ensues.

Take heed also that thou be not extreme

In playing with the outside of my dream ;

Nor let my figure or similitude

Put thee into a laughter or a feud ;

Leave this to boys and fools ; but as for thee.

Do thou the substance of my matter see.

Put by the curtains, look within my veil.

Turn up my metaphors, and do not fail ;

There, if thou seekest them, such things thou'lt find,

As will be helpful to an honest mind.

What of my dross thou findest here, be bold

To throw away, but yet preserve the gold.

What if my gold be wrapped up in ore ?

None throws away the apple for the core.

But if thou shalt cast all away as vain,

I know not but 'twill make me dream again.'

' Bunyan here intimates that the vehicle he had preferred for imparting sacred knowledge
to others appeared to him so well chosen that no discouragement would deter him from having
recourse to it again. His judgment in this will hardly be questioned. It must be owned
that there is something awful and mysterious in dreams. In all ages men have been disposed
to regard them as the means used by a superior power to anticipate the future, or to reveal
the hidden secrets of the past. The author's choice even in a literary point of view was a
happy one. Dreams give the sleeper astonishing power, sometimes indeed mixed up with
strange absurdities, but Scripture shows they have had important uses, and modern instances
might be quoted in support of tliis position. It comes within the range of almost every
one's experience, that they lend the mind a vigour and activity which it wants while waking.
In sleep the man lives over again the scenes he knew in infancy. The lapse of years, inter-
vening seas and mountains, cannot bar his access to a seeming realisation of early life in the
most distant parts of the globe, forgotten incidents are revived, and the forms of those once
CUP companions appear before us in youthful strength, which have long since mouldered in



Online LibraryUnknownIllustrated edition of the select works of John Bunyan : with an original sketch of the author's life and times ; (Volume 1) → online text (page 14 of 67)