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THE HOLY WAR. 41]

you known to the world to be mine, and to distinguish you also in your
own eyes from all false traitors that may creep in among you."

Then he commanded that those that waited upon him should go and
bring forth out of his treasury those white and glistering robes that I, said
he, have provided and laid up in store for my Mansoul. So the white
garments were fetched out of his treasury, and laid forth to the eyes
of the people. Moreover, it was granted to them, that they should take
them and put them on according, said he, to your size and stature. So
the people were put into white, into fine linen, white and clean.

Then said the Prince unto them, " This, O Mansoul, is my liveiy, and
the badge by which mine are known from the servants of others. Yea, it
is that which I grant to all that are mine, and without which no man
is permitted to see my face. Wear them, therefore, for my sake who gave
them unto you ; and also if you would be known by the world to be
mine "

But now, can you think, how Mansoul shone? It was fair as the sun,
clear as the moon, and terrible as an army with banners.

The Prince added further, and said, " No prince, potentate, or mighty
one of Universe, givetli this liberty but myself. Behold, therefore, as
I said before, you shall be known by it to be mine.

" And now, (said he,) I have given you my livery, let me give you also
in commandment concerning them : and be sure that you take good heed
to my words.

" 1. "Wear them daily, day by day, lest yon should at sometimes appear
to others as if you were none of mine.

"2. Keep them always white ; for it is, if they be soiled, dishonour
to me.

" 3. Whei'efore gird them up from the ground, and let them not lag
with dust and dirt.

" 4. Take heed that you lose them not, lest you walk naked, and they
see your shame.''

" 5. But if you should sully them, if you should defile them, (the
which I am greatly unwilling you should, and the pi'ince Diabolus would
be glad if you would,) then speed you to do that which is written in

'' " For rulers are not. a terror to good works, but to the evil. Wilt thou then not be
afraid of the power ? do that which is good, and thou shalt have praise of the same." —
Romans, xiii., 3.



412 THE HOLY WAR.

iny law, that yet you may stand, and not fall before me, ana before ray
throne. Also this is the way to cause that 1 may not leave you nor forsake
you while here, but may dwell in this town of Mansoul for ever.

And now was Mansoul, and the inhabitants of it as the signet upon
Emmanuel's right hand. Where was there now a town, a city, a corpo-
ration, that could compare with Mansoul ? A town redeemed from
the hand and from the power of Diabolus. A town that the king Shaddai
loved, and that he sent Emmanuel to regain from the Prince of the
infernal cave ; yea, a town that Emmanuel loved to dwell in, and that he
chose for his royal habitation ; a town that he fortified for himself,
and made strong by the force of his army. What shall I say ? Mansoul
has now a most excellent Prince, golden captains and men of war, wea-
pons proved, and garments as white as snow. Nor are these benefits
to be counted little, but great. Can the town of Mansoul esteem them
so, and impi'ove them to that end and purpose for the which they are
bestowed upon them ?

When the Prince had thus completed the modelling of the town, j
to show that he had great delight in the work of his hands, and took |
pleasure in the good that he had wrought for the famous and floui-ishing i
Mansoul, he commanded, and they set his standard upon the battlements I
of the castle. And then, '

1. He gave them frequent visits, not a day now but the elders of Man- j
soul must come to him, or he to them, into his palace. Now they must '
walk and talk together of all the great things that he had done, and
yet further promised to do for the town of Mansoul. Thus would he
often do with the Lord Mayor, my Lord Willbewill, and the honest subor-
dinate preacher, Mr. Conscience, and Mr. Recorder. But, oh ! how
graciously, how lovingly, how courteously, and tenderly, did this blessed
Prince now carry it towards the town of Mansoul 1 In all the streets,
gardens, orchards, and other places where he came, to be sure the poor
should have his blessing and benediction ; yea, he would kiss them, and if
they were ill he would lay hands on them, and make them well. The
captains also he would daily, yea sometimes hourly, encourage with
his presence and goodly words. For you must know, that a smile from
him upon them, would put more vigour, more life and stoutness into
them, than would anything else under heaven. j

The Prince would now also fea.'it them, and with them, continually.



THE HOLY WAR, 413

Hardly a week would pass but a banquet must be had betwixt him and
them. You may remember that some pages before, we made mention oi
one feast that they had together, but now to feast them was a thing more
common ; every day with Mansoul was a feast-day now. Nor did he,
when they returned to their places send them empty away ; either they
must have a ring, a gold chain, a bracelet, a white stone, or something ;
so dear was Mansoul to him now ! so lovely was Mansoul in his eyes !

2. When the elders and townsmen did not come to him, he would send
in much plenty of provision unto them, meat that came from court, wine
and bread that were pi'epared for his father's table : yea, such delicacies
would he send unto them, and therewith would so cover their table,
that whoever saw it, confessed that the like could not be seen in any
kingdom.'

3. If Mansoul did not frequently visit him as he desired they should,
he would walk out to them, knock at their doors, and desire entrance,
that amity might be maintained betwixt them and him ; if they did hear
and open to him, as commonly they would if they were at home, then
would he renew his former love, and confirm it too with some new tokens
and signs of continued favour.

And was it not now amazing to behold, that in that very place where
sometimes Diabolus had his abode, and entertained his Diabolonians to the
almost utter destruction of Mansoul, the Prince of princes should sit
eating and drinking with them, while all his mighty captains, men of war,
trumpeters, with the singing men and singing w^omen, of his Father, stood
round about to wait upon them ! Now did Mansoul's cup run over, now
did her conduits run sweet wine, now did she eat the finest of the wheat,
and drink milk and honey out of the rock ! Now she said. How gi-eat is
his goodness, for since I found favour in his eyes, how honourable have
I been.

The blessed Prince did also order a new ofiicer in the town, and a
goodly person he was, his name was Mr. God's-peace ; this man was set
over my Lord Willbewill, my Lord Mayor, Mr. Recorder, the Subordinate
Preacher, Mr. Mind, and over all the natives of the town of Mansoul.



' Through the wide world thy bounties spread :

Yet millions of our guilty race.
Though by thy daily bounty fed,

Afl'ront thy law and spurn thy grace." — Doddridge



414 THE HOLY WAR.

Himself was not a native of it, but came with the Prince Emmanuel from
the court. He was a great acquaintance of Captain Credence, and Cap-
tain Good-hope ; some say they were akin, and I am of that opinion too.
This man, as I said, was made governor of the town in general, especially
over the castle, and Captain Credence was to help him there. And I
made gi'eat observation of it, that so long as all things went in Mansoul as
this sweet-natured gentleman would, the town was in most happy con-
dition. Now there was no jars, no chiding, no interferings, no unfaithful
doings in all the town of Mansoul, every man in Mansoul kept close to
his own employment. The gentry, the officers, the soldiers, and all in
place, observed their order. And as for the women and children of
the town, they followed their business joyfully; they would woi-k and sing,
work and sing from morning till night ; so that quite through the town of
Mansoul now, nothing was to be found but harmony, quietness, joy, and
health." And this lasted all that summer.

But there was a man in the town of Mansoul, and his name was ]\Ir.
Carnal-security. This man did, after all this mercy bestowed on this cor-
poration, bring the town of Mansoul into great and grievous slavery and
bondage. A brief account of him and of his doings take as followeth.

When Diabolus at first took possession of the town of Mansoul, he
brought thither with himself a great number of Diabolonians, men of his
own conditions. Now among these there was one whose name was Mr.
Self-conceit, and a notable brisk man he was, as any that in those days di
possess the town of Mansoul. Diabolus then perceiving this man to be
active and bold, sent him upon many desperate designs, the which he
managed better, and more to the pleasing of his Lord than most that
came with him from the dens could do. Wherefore finding of him so fit
for his purpose, he preferred him, and made him next to the great
Lord Willbewill, of whom we have written so much before. Now the
Lord Willbewill being in those days very well pleased with him, and with
his achievements, gave him his daughter the Lady Fear-nothing to wife.
Now of my Lady Fear-nothing did this Mr. Self-conceit beget this gentle-
man Mr. Carnal-security. Wherefore there being then in Mansoul those

" " O soundly, soundly, should I sleep.

And think no more of sufferings past.
If God would only bless and keep.

And make me his — his own at last." — Montgomery.



THE HOLY WAR. 415

strange kinds of mixtures, it was hard for them in some cases to find out
who were natives, who not ; for Mr. Carnal-security sprang from my Lord
Willbewill by mother's side, though he had for his father a Diabolonian by
nature.

Well, this Carnal-security took much after his father and mother ; he
was self-conceited, he feared nothing, he was also a very busy man ;
nothing of news, nothing of doctrine, nothing of alteration, or talk of
alteration, could at any time be on foot in Mansoul, but be sure Mr.
Carnal-security would be at the head or tail of it ; but to be sure he
would dechne those that he deemed the weakest, and stood always
with them (in his way of standing) that he supposed was the strongest
side.

Now, when Shaddai the mighty, and Emmanuel his Son, made war
upon Mansoul to take it, this Mr. Carnal- security was then in town, and
was a great doer among the people, encouraging them in their rebellion,
putting of them upon hardening of themselves in their resisting of the
King's forces : but when he saw that the town of Mansoul was taken and
converted to the use of the glorious Prince Emmanuel, and when he also
saw what was become of Diabolus, and how he was unroosted, and made
to quit the castle in the greatest contempt and scorn, and that the town
of Mansoul was well lined with captains, engines of war, and men, and
also provision, what doth he but slily wheel about also ; and as he had
sei-ved Diabolus against the good Prince, so he feigned that he would
serve the Prince against his foes.

And having got some little smattering of Emmanuel's things by the
end, (being bold) he ventures himself into the company of the townsmen,
and attempts also to chat among them. Now he knew that the power
and strength of the town of Mansoul was great, and that it could not but
be pleasing to the people if he cried up their might and their glory.
Wherefore he beginneth his tale with the power and strength of Man-
soul, and affirmed that it was impregnable. Now magnifying their
captains, and their slings, and their rams, then crying up their fortifi-
cations and strong holds ; and, lastly, the assurances that they had from
their Prince, that Mansoul should be happy for ever. But when he sa-w
that some of the men of the town were tickled and taken with his
discourse, he makes it his business, and walking from street to street,
house to house, and man to man, he at last brought Mansoul to dance



41G THE HOLY WAR.

after his pipe, and to grow almost as carnally secure as liimself ;" so from
talking they went to feasting, and from feasting to sporting ; and so to
some other matters, (now Emmanuel was yet in the town of Mansoul, and
he wisely observed their doings.) My Lord Mayor, my Lord AYillbewill,
and Mr. Recorder, were also all taken with the words of this tattling Dia-
bolonian gentleman, forgetting that their Prince had given them warning
before to take heed that they were not beguiled with any Diabolonian
sleight : he had further told them, that the security of the now flourishing
tow^n of Mansoul did not so much lie in her present fortifications and
force, as in her so using of what she had, as might oblige her Emmanuel
to abide with her in the castle. For the right doctrine of Emmanuel was,
that the town of Mansoul should take heed that they forget not his
Father's love and his ; also that they should so demean themselves as to
continue to keep themselves therein. Now this was not the way to do it,
namely, to fall in love with one of the Diabolonians, and with such an one
too as Mr. Carnal-security was, to be led up and down by the nose by
him. They should have heard their Prince, feared their Prince, loved
their Prince, and have stoned this naughty pack to death, and took care
to have walked in the ways of their Prince's prescribing, for then should
their peace have been as a river, when their righteousness had been
like the waves of the sea.

Now when Emmanuel perceived, that through the policy of Mr. Carnal-
security, the hearts of the men of Mansoul were chilled and abated in their
practical love to him :

First, He bemoans them, and condoles their state with the secretary,
saying, " O that my people had hearkened unto me, and that Mansoul had
walked in my ways ! I would have fed them with the finest of the wheat,
and with honey out of the rock would I have sustained them." This done,
he said in his heart, " I will return to the court, and go to my place, till
Mansoul shall consider and acknowledge their offence."" And he did so,
and the cause and manner of his going away from them was thus :

Tlie cause was for that.

First, Mansoul declined him as is manifest in these particulars,

" " O thou Adam, wliat hast thou done ? for though it was thou that sinned, thou art not
fallen alone, but we all that come of thee." — II Edras, v\\., 48.

° " Who is a God like unto thee, that pardoneth iniquity, and passeth by the transgression
of the remnant of his heritage ? He retaineth not his anger for ever, because he delichteth
in mercy." — Micah, vii., 18.



THE HOLY WAR. 417

1. They left off their former way of visiting of hiin, they came not to
his royal palace as afore.

2. They did not regard, nor yet take notice that he came, or came not
to visit them.

3. The love-feasts that had wont to be between their Prince and
them, though he made them still, and called them to them, yet they
neglected to come at them, or to be delighted with them.

4. They waited not for his counsels, but began to be headstrong and
confident in themselves, concluding, that now they were strong and invin-
cible, and that Mansoul was secure, and beyond all reach of the foe, and
that her state must needs be unalterable for ever.

Now, as was said, Emmanuel perceiving, that by the craft of Mr.
Canial-security, the town of Mansoul was taken off from their dependence
upon him, and upon his Father by him, and set upon what by them was
bestowed upon it, he first, as I said, bemoaned their state, then he used
means to make them understand, that the way they went on in was dan-
gerous. For he sent my Lord High Secretary to them, to forbid them
such ways ; but twice when he came to them he found them at dinner in
Mr. Carnal-security's parlour, and perceiving also that they were not
willing to reason about matters concerning their good, he took grief and
went his way. The which when he had told to the Prince Emmanuel, he
took offence, and was grieved also, and so made provision to return to his
Father's court.

Now the methods of his withdrawing, as I was saying before, were thus :

1. Even while he was yet with them in Mansoul, he kept himself close,
and more retired than formerly.

2. His speech was not now, if he came in their company, so pleasant
and familiar as formerly.

3. Nor did he, as in times past, send to Mansoul from his table those
dainty bits which he was wont to do.

4. Nor, when they came to visit him, as now and then they would,
would he be so easily spoken with as they found him to be in times past.
They might knock once, yea twice, but he would seem not at all to regard
them ; whereas formerly at the sound of their feet, he would up and run,
and meet them halfway, and take them too, and lay them in his bosom.

But thus Emmanuel carried it now, and by this his carriage he thought
to make them bethink themselves and return to him. But alas, they did

VOL. I. 3 H



•US THE HOLY WAU.

not consider, they did not know his ways, they regarded not, they were
not touched with these, nor with the true remembrance of former favours.
Wherefore, what does he but in private manner withdraw himself, first
from his palace, then to the gate of the town, and so away from Mansoul
he goes, till they should acknowledge their offence, and more earnestly
seek his face. Mr. God's-peace also laid down his commission, and would
for the present act no longer in the town of Mansoul.

Thus they walked contrary to him, and he again, by way of retaliation,
walked contrary to them. But alas, by this time they were so hardened
in their way, and had so drunk in the doctrine of Mr. Carnal-security, that
the departing of their Prince touched them not, nor was he remembered
by them when gone ; and so of consequence his absence not condoled by
them.''

Now there was a day wherein this old gentleman, Mr. Carnal-security,
did again make a feast for the town of jMansoul, and there was at that
time in the town one Mr. Godly-fear, one now but little set by, though
formerly one of great request. This man, old Carnal-security, had a mind,
if possible, to gull, and debauch, and abuse, as he did the rest ; and there-
fore he now bids him to the feast with his neighbours ; so the day being
come, they prepare, and he goes and appears with the rest of the guests ;
and being all set at the table, they did eat and drink, and were merry even
all but this one man. For Mr. Godly-fear sat like a stranger, and did
neither eat, nor was merry. The which, when Mr. Carnal-security per-
ceived, he presently addressed himself in a speech thus to him :

Cam. Mr. Godly-fear, are you not well ? you seem to be ill of body or
mind, or both. I have a cordial of Mr. Forget-good's making, the which,
Sir, if you will take a dram of, I hope it may make you bonny and blith
and so make you more fit for we feasting companions.

Godly. Unto whom the old gentleman discreetly replied : Sir, I thank
you for all things courteous and civil, but for your cordial I have no list
thereto. But a word to the natives of Mansoul: you the elders and chiefs
of Mansoul to me it is strange to see you so jocund and merry, when the
town of Mansoul is in such woful case

Cam. Then said Mr. Carnal-security, you want sleep good Sir, I doubt.
If you plcaso lie down and take a nap, and we meanwhile will be merry.

p " Vain are all men by nature who arc ignorant of God." — Wisdom of Solomon, xiii.. 6.



THE HOLY WAR. 419

Godly. Then said the good man as follows: Sir, if you were not desti-
tute of an honest heart, you could not do as you have done and do.

Cam. Then said Mr. Carnal-security, Why ?

Godly. Nay, pray interrupt me not. It is true, the town of Mansoul
was strong, and (with a proviso) impregnable ; but, you the townsmen,
have weakened it, and it now lies obnoxious to its foes. Nor is it a time
to flatter, or be silent, it is you Mr. Carnal-security that have wilily
stripped Mansoul, and driven her glory from her ; you have pulled down
her towers, you have broken down her gates, you have spoiled her locks
and bars.

And now to explain myself, from that time that my lords of Mansoul
and you, Sir, grew so great, from that time the strength of Mansoul has
been offended, and now he is risen and is gone. If any shall ques-
tion the truth of my words, I will answer him by this and such questions,
Where is the Prince Emmanuel ? When did a man or woman in Mansoul
see him ? When did you hear from him, or taste any of his dainty
bits? You are now a feasting with this Diabolonian monster, but he
is not your Prince. I say, therefore, though enemies from without, had
you taken heed, could not have made a prey of you, j^et since you have
sinned against your Prince, your enemies within have been too hard
for you.

Cam. Then said Mr. Carnal security, Fy, fy, Mr. Godly-fear, fy ; will
you never shake off your timorousness ? Are you afraid of being sparrow-
blasted ? Who hath hurt you ? Behold I am on your side, only you are
for doubting, and I am for being confident. Besides, is this a time to be
sad in ? a feast is made for mirth ; why then do you now, to your
shame and our trouble, break out into such passionate melancholy lan-
guage, when you should eat and drink, and be merry ? '

Godly. Then said Mr. Godly-fear again, I may well be sad, for
Emmanuel is gone from Mansoul. I say again, he is gone, and you. Sir,
are the man that has driven him away. Yea, he is gone without so much
as acquainting the nobles of Mansoul with his going ; and if that is
not a sign of his anger, I am not acquainted with the methods of
godliness.

■■- " I delight in the law of God after the inward man : But I see another law in my mem-
bers, warring against the law of my mind, and bringing me into captivity to the law of sin
which is in my members." — Romans, vii., 2'2. 23.



420 THE HOLY WAK.

And now, my Lords and gentlemen, for my speech is still to you, youi
gradual declining from him did provoke him gradually to depart from you.
the which he did for some time, if perhaps you would have been made
sensible thereby, and have been renewed by humbling of yourselves ; but
when he saw that none would I'egard nor lay these fearful beginnings
of his anger, and judgment to heart, he went away from this place ; and
this I saw with mine eye. Wherefore, now while you boast, your
strength is gone, you are like the man that had lost his locks, that before
did wave about his shoulders. You may, with this lord of your feast,
shake yourselves, and conclude to do as at other times ; but since without
him you can do nothing, and he is departed from you, turn your feast
into a sigh, and your mirth into lamentation.

Then the Subordinate Preacher, old Mr. Conscience by name, he that
of old was Recorder of Mansoul, but being startled at what was said,
began to second it thus :

Con. Indeed, my brethren, quoth he, I fear that Mr. Godly-fear tells us
true. I for my part have not seen my Prince for a long season. I
cannot remember the day for my part. Nor can I answer Mr. Godly-
fear's question. I doubt, I am afraid, that all is naught with Mansoul.

Godly. Nay, I know that you shall not find him in Mansoul, for he is
departed and gone ; yea, and gone for the faults of the elders, and for
that they rewarded his grace with unsufferable unkindnesses.

Then did the Subordinate Preacher look as if he would fall down dead
ut the table ; also all there present, except the man of the house, began to
look pale and wan : but having a little recovered themselves, and jointly
agreeing to believe Mr. Godly-fear and his sayings, they began to consult
what was best to be done, (now Mr. Carnal-security was gone into
his withdrawing-room, for he liked not such dumpish doings,) both to the
man of the house for drawing them into evil, and also to recover Em-
manuel's love.

And with that, that saying of their Piince came very hot into their
minds, which he had bidden them to do to such as were false prophets,
that should arise to delude the town of Mansoul. So they took Mr.
Carnal-security, (concluding that he must be he) and burned his house
upon him with fire; for he also was a Diabolonian by nature.

So when this was past and over, they bespeed themselves to look for
Knunanuel their Prince; and thev sought him, but thev found him not.



THE HOLY WAR. 431

Then were they more confirmed in the truth of Mr. Godly-fear's sayings,
and began also severely to reflect upon themselves for their so vile
and ungodly doings ; for they concluded now it was through them that
their Prince had left them.

Then they agreed, and went to my Lord Secretary, (him whom before



Online LibraryUnknownIllustrated edition of the select works of John Bunyan : with an original sketch of the author's life and times ; (Volume 1) → online text (page 41 of 67)