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Illustrated edition of the select works of John Bunyan : with an original sketch of the author's life and times ; (Volume 1) online

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and that they heard him say and affirm. That he would not dwell ii» the

' " Hosanna, to our conquering king.

All hail incarnate love !
Ten thousand songs and glories wait

To crown thy head above.
Thy victories, and thy deathless fame.

Through the wide world shall run,
And everlasting ages sing

The triumph* thou hast won." — Watts.



41 THE PILGRIM'S PROGRESS.

I love Him, because I was by Him eased of my burden ; and I am weaiy of
inward sickness : I would fain be where I shall die no more/ and with
the company that shall continually ciy, Holy, holy, holy.

Then said Charity to Christian, Have you a family ? Ai'e you a mar-
ried man ?

Chr. I have a wife and four small cliildi-en.

Char. And why did you not bring them along with you ?

Chr. Then Christian wept, and said. Oh ! how willingly would 1 have
done it ; but they were all of them utterly averse to my going on
pilgi-image.

Char. But you should have talked to them, and have endeavoured to
have shown them the danger of being beliind.

Chr. So I did ; and told them also what God had showed to me of
the destruction of our city ; but I seemed to them as one that mocked,
and they beUeved me not.

Char. And did you pray to God that he would bless your counsel
to them ■?

Chr. Yes, and that with much affection ; for you must think that my
wife and poor children were veiy dear unto me.

Char. But did you tell them of your own sorrow, and fear of des-
truction ? for I suppose that destruction was visible enougn to you i'

Chr. Yes, over, and over, and over. They might also see my fears in
my countenance, in my tears, and also in my trembling under the
apprehension of the judgment that did hang over our heads ; but all
was not sufficient to prevail with them to come with me.

Char. But what could they say for themselves why they came not

Chr. Why, my wife was afraid of losing this world ; and my chUdren
were given to the foohsh delights of youth ; so that what by one thing
and what by another, they left me to wander in this manner alone.

Char. But did you not with your vain life damp all that you bv words
used by way of persuasion to bring them away with you ?

Chr. Indeed I cannot commend my life, for I am conscious co myself
of many failings therein : I know also, that a man by his conversation
may soon overthrow what by argument or persuasion he doth labour to

' " We'll love, and wonder, and adore.
And hasten on that glorious day
Whfn we shall meet fo part no more." — Newton.



THE PILGRIM'S PROGRESS. 45

hasten on others for their good. Yet this I can say, I was very wary
of giving them occasion, hy any unseemly action, to make them averse to
going on pilgi-image ; yea, for tliis very thing they would tell me I was
too precise, and that I denied myself of things (for their sakes) in which
they saw no evil ; nay, I think I may say, that if what they saw in me
did hinder them, it was my gi-eat tenderness in sinning against God, or of
doing any wi'ong to my neighbour.

Cha?-. Indeed Cain hated his brother, because liis own works were evil,
and his brother's righteous ; and if thy wife and children have been
offended with thee for tliis, they thereby show themselves to be implacable
to good, and thou hast delivered thy soul from their blood.

Now I saw in my dream, that thus they sat talking together, until
supper was ready. So when they had made ready, they sat down to
meat : now the table was furnished with fat things, and with wine that
was well refined ; and all then- talk at the table was about the Lord of the
hill ; as, namely, about what he had done, and wherefore he did what he
did, and why he had built that house ; and by what they said, I perceived
that he had been a great wanior, and had fought with and slain him that
had the power of death, but not without great danger to himself, which
made me love him the more.^

For, as they said, and as I believe (said Christian), he did it with the
loss of much blood ; but that which put gloiy of gi-ace into all he did,
was, that he did it out of pure love to his country. And besides, there
were some of them of the household that said, they had been and spoke
with him since he died on the cross ; and they have attested, that they
had it from his own Hps, that he is such a lover of poor pilgi-ims, that the
like is not to be found fi-om the east to the west.

They moreover gave an instance of what they affirmed, and that was,
he had stripped himself of that gloiy, that he might do this for the poor ;
and that they heard him say and affirm, That he would not dwell in tha

' " Hosanna, to our conquering king.

All hail incarnate love !
Ten thousand songs and glories wait

To crown thy head above.
Thy victories, and thy deathless fame,

Through the wide world shall run,
And everlasting ages sing

The triumphs thou hast won." — Watts.



46 THE PILGIUM'S PllOGRESS.

mountain of Zion alone. They said, moreover, that he had made many
princes pilgi-ims, though by nature they were beggars bom, and their
original had been the dunghill.

Thus they discoursed together till late at night ; and after they had
committed themselves to the Lord for protection, they betook themselves
to rest : the pilgrim they laid in a large upper chamber, whose window
opened towards the sun-rising : the name of the chamber was Peace,
where he slept till break of day, and then he awoke and sang —

Where am I now ? Is this the love and care
Of Jesus, for the men that pilgrims are ?
Thus to provide ! that I should be forgiven,
And dwell already the next door to heaven !

So in the morning they all got up ; and after some more discourse, they
told him that he should not depart till they had showed him the rarities
of that place. And first they had him into the study, where they showed
him records of the greatest antiquity ; in which, as I remember in my
dream, they showed him first the pedigree of the Lord of the hill, that he
was the Son of the Ancient of Days, and came by that eternal generation.
Here also was more fully recorded the acts that he had done, and the
names of many hundreds that he had taken into his service, and how
he had placed them in such habitations, that could neither by length of
days, nor decays of nature, be dissolved.

Then they read to him some of the worthy acts that some of his
sen'ants had done ; as how they had subdued kingdoms, wrought right-
eousness, obtained promises, stopped the mouths of lions, quenched the
violence of fire, escaped the edge of the sword, out of weakness were
made strong, waxed vaUant in fight, and turned to flight the armies of
the aliens."

Then they read again in another part of the records of the house, where
it was shewed, how willing their Lord was to receive into his favour
any, even any, though they in time past had offered gi-eat affronts to his
person and proceedings. Here also were several other histories of many
other famous thincs, all of wliich Christian had a view ; as of things

* If you " give all diligence" his power is armed for your protection, his truth is pledged
for your security ; you are enlisted under the banners of Christ. Fear not, though the
world, and the flesh, and the devil are set in array against you. " Faithful is he that has pro-
mised ;" " bo ye also faithful unto deatli, and he will give you a crown of life." " He that
endureth to the end, the same shall be saved." — IV. Wilberforce.



THE PILGRIM'S PROGRESS. 47

both ancient and modern ; together with prophecies and predictioiis of
things that have their certain accompHshment, both to the dread and
amazement of enemies, and the comfort and solace of pilgrims.

The next day they took him, and had him into the armoury, where they
showed him all manner of furniture, which theu* Lord had provided for
pilgrims, as sword, shield, helmet, breastplate, aU-prayer, and shoes that
would not wear out. And there was here enough of this to harness out
as many men for the service of their Lord, as there be stars in the heaven
for multitude.

They also showed him some of the engines with which some of his
servants had done wonderful things. They showed him Moses' rod ; the
hammer and nail with which Jael slew Sisera ; the pitchers, trumpets,
and lamps too, with which Gideon put to flight the armies of Midian.
Then they showed him the ox's goad, wherewith Shamgar slew six
hundred men. They showed him also the jaw-bone with which Sampson
done such mighty feats. They showed him moreover the sling and stone
with which David slew Goliath of Gath ; and the sword also with which
their Lord will kill the man of sin, in the day that he shall rise up to the
prey. They showed him besides many excellent things, with which
Christian was much delighted. This done, they went to their rest again.

Then I saw in my dream, that on the morrow he got up to go forwards,
but they desired him to stay till the next day also ; and then said they,
we will (if the day be clear) show you the delectable mountains ; which,
they said, would yet further add to his comfort, because they were nearer
the desired haven than the place where at present he was ; so he con-
sented and staid. When the morning was up, they had him to the top
of the house and bid him look south ; so he did ; and behold, at a great
distance, he saw a most pleasant mountainous country, beautified with
woods, vineyards, fruits of all sorts, flowers also, with springs and foun-
tains very delectable to behold. Then he asked the name of the country?
They said, it was Emmanuel's land. It is as common (said they) as this
hill is, to and for all the pilgrims -^ and when thou comest there, from
thence thou mayest see to the gate of the celestial city, as the shepherds
that live there will make appear.

'' '• The soul becomes philosopliical of her own accord ; she wonders at her thoughtfulness,
and the richness of her reveries afford her delight : then she ascendeth from herself to her
Creator, from earth to heaven." — Irving.



48 THE riLGllIM'S PROGRESS.

Now he bethought himself of setting forward, and they were willing he
should. But first, said they, let us go again into the armoury. So they did;
and when he came there, they harnessed him from head to foot with what
was of proof, lest perhaps he should meet with assaults in the way. He
being therefore thus accoutred, walked ont with his friends to the gate,
and there he asked the poi-ter if he saw any pilgrim pass by ? Then the
porter answered. Yes.

Chr. Pray, did you know him ? said he.

Porter. I asked his name, and he told me it was Faithful.

Chr. O, said Christian, I know him ; he is my townsman, my near
neighbour ; he comes from the place \vhere I was born : how far do you
think he may be before ?

Port. He is got by this time below the hill.

Chr. Well, said Christian, good porter, the Lord be with thee, and add
to all thy blessings much increase, for the kindness thou hast shown
to me.

Then he began to go forward ; but Discretion, Piety, Charity, and
Prudence, would accompany him down to the foot of the hill. So they
went on together, reiterating their former discourses, till they came to go
down the hill. Then said Christian, as it was difficult in coming up, so,
so far as I can see, it is dangerous going down. Yes, said Prudence,
so it is ; for it is a hard matter for a man to go down into the valley of
Humiliation, as thou art now, and to catch no slip by the way ; therefore,
said they, are we come to accompany thee down the hill.'' So he began
to go dowm, but veiy warily ; yet he caught a slip or two.

Then I saw in my dream, that these good companions (when Christian
was got to the bottom of the hill) gave him a loaf of bread, a bottle of
wine, and a cluster of raisins ; and then he went his way.

Whilst Christian is among his godly friends,
Their golden mouths make hira sufficient 'mends
For all his griefs ; and when they let him go,
He's clad with northern steel from top to toe.

'' Hard is the task of the christian who has to journey far in the Valley of Humiliation,
and often is he moved to cxehiim with Job, " O that my grief were thoroughly weighed and
my calamity laid in the balance together ! For now it would be lieavier than the sands of
the sea ; therefore my words are swallowed up. For the arrows of the Almighty are within
me, the poison whereof drinkcth up my spirits," and he is tempted impatiently to add, " Oh,
that I might have my request, and that God would grant me the thing that I long for."



THE PILGRIM'S PROGRESS. 49

But now, in this valley of Humiliation, poor Christian was hard put to
it ; for he had gone but a little way before he espied a foul fiend
coming over the field to meet him ; his name is ApoUyon. Then did
Christian begin to be afi'aid, and to cast in his mind whether to go
back or to stand his ground. But he considered again, that he had no
armour for his back ; and therefore thought, that to turn the back to
him might give him greater advantages, with ease, to pierce him with
his darts : therefore he resolved to venture, and stand his ground ; for,
thought he, had I no more in mine eye than the saving of my Hfe, it
would be the best way to stand.

So he went on, and ApoUyon met him. Now the monster was
hideous to behold. He was clothed with scales like a fish (and they
are his pride) ; he had wings like a dragon, feet Hke a bear, and out ot
his belly came fire and smoke, and liis mouth was as the mouth of a
lion. Wlien he came up to Christian, he beheld him with a disdainful
countenance, and thus began to question with him.

ApoUyon. Whence come you ; and whither are you bound ?

Chr. I am come fi-om the city of Destruction, which is the place of all
evil, and am going to the city of Zion.

Apol. By this I perceive thou art one of my subjects ; for all that coun-
try is mine, and I am the prince and god of it. How is it, then, that thou
hast run away from thy king ? Were it not that I hope thou mayest do
me more service, I would strike thee now at one blow to the ground.

Chr. I was born, indeed, in your dominions ; but your sei-vice was
hard; and your wages such as a man could not live on ; " for the wages of
sin is death ;" therefore when I was come to years, I did as other con-
siderate persons do, look out, if perhaps I might mend myself.

Apol. There is no prince that will thus lightly lose his subjects ; neither
will I as yet lose thee ; but since thou complainest of thy service and
wages, be content to go back : what our country will afford, I do here
promise to give thee.

Chr. But I have let myself to another, even to the King of Princes, and
how can I with fairness, go back with thee ?

Apol. Thou hast done in this, according to the proverb, "Change
a bad for a worse :" but it is ordinary for those that have professed them-
selves his servants, after a while to give him the slip, and return again
to me. Do thou so too, and all shall be well.

VOL. I. H



50 THE PILGRIM'S PROGRESS.

Chr. I have given him my faith, and sworn my allegiance to him ; how
then can I go back from this, and not be hanged as a traitor ?

Apol. Thou didst the same to me ; and yet I am willing to pass by all
if now thou wilt yet turn and go back.

Chr. What I promised thee was in my nonage ; and besides, I count
that the Prince under whose banner now I stand, is able to absolve me ;
yea, and to pardon also what I did as to my compliance with thee. And
besides, O thou destroying ApoUyon, to speak tnith, I like his service,
his wages, his servants, his government, his company, and country, better
than thine ; and therefore leave off to persuade me further ; I am
his servant, and I will follow him.

Apol. Consider again, when thou art in cool blood, what thou art
like to meet with in the way that thou goest. " Thou knowest, that
for the most part, his servants come to an ill end, because they are
transgressors against me and my ways. How many of them have been
put to shameful deaths ! And besides, thou countest his service better
than mine ; whereas he never came ji^et from the place where he is,
to deliver any that served him out of their hands ; but as for me,
how many times, as all the world veiy well knows, have I delivered either
by power or fraud, those that have faithfully served me, from him and his,
though taken by them! and so I will deliver thee.''

Chr. His forbearing at present to deliver them, is on purpose to tiy
their love, whether they will cleave to him to the end : and as for the ill
end thou sayest they come to, that is most glorious in their account : but,
for present deliverance, they do not much expect it ; for they stay
for their glory, and then they shall have it, when their Prince comes in his
and the glory of the angels.

Apol. Thou hast already been unfaithful in thy service to him, and how
dost thou think to receive wages of him ?

Chr. Wherein, O Apollyon ! have I been unfaithful to him ?
Apol. Thou didst faint at first setting out, when thou wast almost
choked in the gulph of Despond ; thou didst attempt wrong ways to be

" Christian is here temptrd as Jesus was with gjeat things, which Satan jipomisrcl to accom-
phsh in his favour. So was the author tried in liis own person. " He could not eat his
food, stoop for a pin, chop a stick, nor cast his eye to look this way or that, but still the
temptations would come, 'Sell Christ for this, sell Christ for that; sell him, sell him.' "—
Hamilton.



THE PILGRIM'S PROGRESS. 51

rid of thy burden ; whereas thou shouldst have staid until thy Prince had
taken it off. Thou didst sinfully sleep, and lose thy choice things. Thou
wast also almost persuaded to go back at the sight of the lions ; and
when thou talkest of thy journey, and of what thou hast heard and
seen, thou art inwardly desirous of vain-glory in all that thou savest or
doest.

Chr. All this is true, and much more, which thou hast left out ; but
the Prince whom I serve and honour, is merciful and ready to forgive.
But besides, these infirmities possessed me in thy country ; for there
1 sucked them in, and I have groaned under them, been sorry for them,
and have obtained pardon of my Prince.

Then Apollyon broke out into a grievous I'age, saying, I am an enemy
to this Prince ; I hate his person, his laws, and people : I am come out on
purpose to withstand thee.

Chr. Apollyon, beware what you do, for I am in the King's highway,
the way of holiness ; therefore take heed to yourself

Then Apollyon straddled quite over the whole breadth of the way,
and said, I am void of fear in this manner ; prepare thyself to die ; for I
swear by my infernal den, that thou shalt go no further : here will I spill
thy soul !

And with that he threw a flaming dart at his breast ; but Christian had
a shield in his hand, with which he caught it, and so prevented the danger
of that.

Then did Christian draw ; for he saw it was time to bestir him ; and
Apollyon as fast made at him, throwing darts as thick as hail ; by which,
notwithstanding all that Christian could do to avoid it, Apollyon wounded
him in his head, his hand, and foot. This made Christian give a little
back : Apollyon, therefore, followed his work amain : and Christian again
took courage, and resisted as manfully as he could. This sore combat
lasted for above half a day, even till Christian was almost quite spent. For
you must know, that Christian, bv reason of his wounds, must needs grow
weaker and weaker

^ The defiance here breathed against the eneniy of man, is a good deal in the spirit of
Luther. Bunyan fervidly admired the writings of thai, bold reformer ; of his comment on
the Galatians, he says, " this I must let fall before all men, I do prefer this book of Martin
Luther upon the Galatians, excepting the Holy Bible, before all the books that ever I have
seen."



52 THE PILGRIM'S PROGRESS.

Then Apollyou espying his opportunity, began to gather up close to
Christian, and wrestling with him, gave him a dreadful fall ; and with tliat
Christian's sword flew out of his hand. Then said Apollyon, I am sure of
thee now ; and with that he had almost pressed him to death ; so that
Christian began to despair. of life. But, as God would have it, while
Apollyon was fetching his last blow, hereby to make a full end of this
good man. Christian nimbly reached out his hand for his sword, and caught
it, saying, "Rejoice not against me, O mine enemy! when I fall I shall
arise;" and with that gave him a deadly thrust which made him give back,
as one that had received his mortal wound. Christian perceiving that,
made at him again, saying, " Nay, in all things we are more than con-
querors, through him that loved us." And with that Apollyon spread
forth his dragon's wings, and sped him away, that Christian saw him no
more."

In this combat no man can imagine, unless he had seen and heard, as I
did, what yelUng and hideous roaring Apollyon made all the time of the
fight. He spake like a dragon : and on the other side, what sighs and
groans burst from Christian's heart. I never saw him all the while give so
much as one pleasant look, till he perceived he had wounded Apollyon
with his two-edged sword : then, indeed, he did smile, and look upward.
But it was the dreadfulest sight that ever I saw.

So when the battle was over. Christian said, I will here give thanks to
him that hath delivered me out of the mouth of the lion, to him that did
help me against Apollyon. And so he did, saying.

Great Beelzebub, the captain of this fiend,
Design'd my ruin ; therefore to this end
He sent him harness'd out ; and he with rage.
That heUisli was, did fiercely me engage :
But blessed Michael helped me, and I,
By dint of sword did quickly make him fly ;
Therefore to him let me give lasting praise.
And thanks, and bless his holy name always.

Then there came to him a hand with some of the leaves of the tree of
life, the which Christian took and applied to the wounds he had received

' " The hope of the ungodly is like dust that is blown away by the wind ; hke a thin froth
that is driven away by the storm ; like as the smoke that is dispersed here and there by the
tempest, and passes away as the remembrance of a guest that tarrieth but a day." — }Visdom
of Solomon, v.



(^



,^




THE PILGRIM'S PROGRESS. 53

in the battle, and was healed immediately. He also sat down in that place
to eat bread, and to drink of the bottle that was given him a little before ;
so being refreshed, he addressed himself to his journey, with his sword
drawn in his hand ; for he said, I know not but some other enemy may be
at hand. But he met with no other affront from ApoUyon quite through
the valley.

Now at the end of this valley was another, called The Valley of the
Shadow of Death ; and Christian must needs go through it, because the
way to the celestial city lay through the midst of it. Now this valley is a
very solitary place. The prophet Jeremiah thus describes it : "A wilderness,
a land of desei'ts and of pits ; a land of drought and of the shadow of death,
a land that no man (but a christian) passeth through, and where no man
dwelt."

Now hei'c Christian was worse put to it than in his fight with ApoUyon;
as by the sequel you shall see.

I saw then in my dream, that when Christian was got to the borders of
the Shadow of Death, there met him two men, children of them that
bi'ought up an evil report of the good land, making haste to go back ; to
whom Christian spake as follows :

Chr. Wliither are you going?

Men. They said, Back ! back ! and we would have you do so too, if
either Ufe or peace is prized by you.

Chr. Why ? What is the matter ? said Christian.

Men. Matter ! said they ; we were going that way as you are going,
and went as far as we durst ; and indeed we were almost past coming
back ; for had we gone a little farther, we had not been here to bring the
news to thee.

Chr. But what have you met with ? said Christian.

Men. Why, we were almost in the Valley of the Shadow of Death,
but that by good hap we looked before us, and saw the danger before we
came to it.

Chr. But what have you seen ? said Christian.

Men. Seen ! Why, the valley itself, which is as dark as pitch : we also
saw there the hobgoblins, satyrs, and dragons of the pit : we heard also in
that valley a continual howling and yelling, as of people under unutter-
able misery, who there sat bound in affliction and irons ; and over that
valley hang the discouraging clouds of confusion : death also doth always



54 THE PILGRIM'S PROGRESS.

spread his wings over it. In a word, it is eveiy whit dreadful, being
utterly without order/

Chr. Then, said Christian, I perceive not yet, by wiiat you have said,



Online LibraryUnknownIllustrated edition of the select works of John Bunyan : with an original sketch of the author's life and times ; (Volume 1) → online text (page 5 of 67)