bring some folks who can bring financial resources to the table to
help run the Foundation and to find more corporate contributions
to the projects that are being done. I think that there is a tremen-
dous interest out there from corporate America in getting involved
in environmental and conservation projects, and I know that Amos
has been very, very interested. He has put in a lot of hours in
trying to get corporate America linked up, and having a few more
of the right board members can help his efforts in that area.
Mr. HocHBRUECKNER. Thank you.
One last question for Mr. Eno. From a personal point of view,
representing the eastern half of Long Island and New York as I do,
could you educate me on вАФ I notice in New York State you have a
project called the Long Island Sound Challenge. Could you share
with me what that is and enlighten me?
Mr. Eno. I will start. I may ask my grants director, Whitney Tilt,
to speak to this as well, but the Long Island Sound is, basically, a
volunteer network of people taking water quality samples up and
down the Sound, both on the Long Island side and on the Connecti-
cut side. It is one of several grants that we have done to target get-
ting coastal communities involved in understanding what is going
on with the dynamics of the offshore area and getting them to sup-
port broader conservation initiatives.
We have also given grants on striped bass for the Hudson River
and the New York bite area to determine the origin of those popu-
We have also done a land acquisition at Seatuck National Wild-
life Refuge on Long Island.
Mr. HOCHBRUECKNER. On the Long Island Sound Challenges, es-
sentially, these folks contribute to the Long Island Sound study
which is part of the national estuary program study?
Mr. Tilt. Mr. Chairman, that is part of an overall citizens' action
group that is part of the Long Island study being funded by the
Mr. HocHBRUECKNER. Very good.
Thank you very much and allow me to thank all of you for shar-
ing your valuable time with us. We appreciate the input. I do
apologize for the lack of controversy today, but it seems like every-
body loves you, and we are going to do our best to maintain our
Thank you very much. This hearing is ended.
[Whereupon, at 11:20 a.m., the Subcommittee was adjourned; and
the following was submitted for the record:]
TESTIMONY OF DONALD BARRY, ACTING DEPUTY ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR
FISH AND WILDLIFE AND PARKS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR, BEFORE THE
SUBCOMMITTEE ON ENVIRONMENT AND NATURAL RESOURCES, COMMITTEE ON
MERCHANT MARINE AND FISHERIES, U.S. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
CONCERNING REAUTHORIZATION OF THE NATIONAL FISH AND WILDLIFE
July 13, 1993
Mr. Chairman, I appreciate the opportunity to testify on
reauthorization of the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation.
Secretary Babbitt and Assistant Secretary Frampton have each had an
opportunity to review the work of the Foundation. Both believe
that the Foundation is an effective, flexible, and cost-effective
vehicle to foster the conservation of fish and wildlife, and the
critical habitats on which they depend.
We at the Department of the Interior are very pleased to be able to
endorse this important program, to support its reauthorization, and
to tell you that we believe it has significant potential for
providing greater assistance to this Administration in realizing
our conservation objectives. Among these objectives are enhanced
partnerships between private interests and the State and Federal
governments, a greater reliance on science, and creative new ways
to approach preservation of imperilled species and habitats.
First, considering all of the competing demands on the Federal
budget, it is imperative that we leverage every dollar for the
maximum benefit; that is the essence of this program. Second, not
only does it multiply the effect of the available Federal funding,
but it also has great potential to provide "seed money" to
stimulate rapid and creative conservation activities that simply
would not be possible through the regular Federal appropriations
On behalf of the Administration, I commend you and your staff for
your efforts on your draft bill. We endorse its provisions
generally. Specifically, we endorse the increase in the size of
the Board of Directors from 9 to 15 members, and we will be
considering the addition of a State fish and wildlife agency
director among the new appointees in order to enhance coordination
and communications with the States.
In recognition of the responsibilities of the National Marine
Fisheries Service, as well as the work the Foundation is already
undertaking with our colleagues at the Department of Commerce, the
Administration supports the inclusion of the National Oceanic and
Atmospheric Administration in section 2(b) of the Foundation's
With respect to the funding authority, we note that over the past
several years appropriations requested and received have been at
the level of $5 million. For Fiscal Year 1994, a budget amendment
submitted to fund the National Biological Survey also included a
request for an additional $2.5 million for the Foundation, totaling
$7.5 million for FY94 . We believe Foundation appropriations are
very cost effective because of the matching provisions that help
induce two or three times the appropriated amounts in private
sector dollars. With this in mind, we will carefully examine the
future funding of the Foundation in the budget process for Fiscal
Year 1995 and beyond.
Attached to my statement are some examples of the kinds of programs
and projects that have been supported by the Foundation and made it
such a success. I will not take the time to discuss all of them,
but there are three important examples that I would like to
The first involves Secretary Babbitt's initiative with respect to
the Everglades and Florida Bay. The Bay is a degenerating
ecosystem, as evidenced by a massive die-off of sea grasses and by
algal blooms. The cause of the problem is in dispute, but the lack
of fresh water is a strong possibility. In order to get beyond the
controversy, the Secretary asked the Foundation to host a peer
review panel composed of eight top marine scientists to work with
the Department of the Interior to develop a plan of action. The
panel is scheduled to meet during the first week of August, and the
Foundation has provided the initial funding and coordination thus
The second example I want to cite is the North American Waterfowl
Management Plan, through which important wetland habitats are being
acquired, protected and restored not only across the United States,
but also in Canada and Mexico. - The Foundation has been
instrumental in promoting partnerships under the Plan by networking
among interested nongovernmental organizations and providing
matching grants for implementation of specific high-priority
projects in key areas. The following points are indicative of the
benefit of the Foundation's efforts in support of the Plan:
o No federal funding commitments were initially provided by the
United States or Canada following signing of the Plan in 1986.
The Foundation provided matching funds for some of the first
projects from 1988 through 1990 and worked diligently to secure
more permanent funding sources.
o In 1988 the Foundation provided grants for three of the first
priority projects under the Plan in Iowa, Louisiana, and the
Central Valley of California.
o The Foundation secured funding for the "First Step" and "Second
Step" projects that initiated implementation of the Plan in
Canada. Second Step projects included securing $2 million in
federal funds that were matched in 1989 by $4 million from
Ducks Unlimited and $3 million from the States.
o The Foundation has been an active member of the U.S. North
American Waterfowl Management Plan Implementation Board,
providing information and support for administrative,
marketing, and fiscal planning to implement the Plan. For
example, the Foundation has featured the Plan as a special
topic in its Fiscal Year 1990 and 1991 Federal Agency Needs
o Since 1990, the Foundation has been an active partner in the
North American Wetlands Conservation Fund grant program,
providing $3.2 million to cost-share projects involving more
than 72,000 acres of habitat protection, restoration, and
enhancement in 7 States (California, Louisiana, Montana, North
Dakota, South Carolina, Texas and Wisconsin) .
o The Foundation has cost-shared projects in 6 of the 10 U.S.
joint ventures and in 2 of the 3 Canadian joint ventures.
Not only has the early and active involvement of the Foundation
been instrumental in the success of the North American Waterfowl
Management Plan, but it also provides- a model for involving all
interested parties, including the States, Federal agencies, and
private, nonprofit organizations, in working cooperatively in
partnership with private landowners.
The third and final example I want to cite relates to Secretary
Babbitt's initiative to protect the habitat of the California
Several years ago, the State of California approached the
Foundation for assistance in conserving biodiversity in the State.
The State was impressed with the Gap Analysis in the State of Idaho
but, due to the land use planning process in California, wanted a
similar analysis stepped down to the county level. One particular
problem was incompatible databases, and the Foundation provided a
grant not only to integrate the databases across the State but also
to provide the additional detail needed at the county level.
In support of the State's effort and seeking to break new ground
nationally in the protection of endangered species. Secretary
Babbitt has acted to encourage regional habitat conservation
planning efforts in California. In listing the gnatcatcher as
"threatened" under the Endangered Species Act, he also proposed a
special rule that recognizes the regional conservation efforts
already under way in southern California.
The Secretary believes this effort can serve as a model for the
Nation in how to work cooperatively to conserve ecosystems, thereby
avoiding environmental "train wrecks" resulting in the extinction
of individual species. The Foundation's support has been
invaluable in fostering this collaborative, voluntary process.
In summary, Mr. Chairman, we look forward to enactment of your
draft legislation to reauthorize the National Fish and Wildlife
Foundation. The amount of money appropriated directly to the
Foundation is almost insignificant by comparison to the problems
and opportunities that are out there. But the payoff is impressive
and far greater than could be achieved through any other approach,
not only due to the multiplier effect of matching funds, but also
through the cooperative spirit fostered in the development of
partnerships. I will be happy to respond to questions. Thank you.
EXAMPLES OF COOPERATIVE PROGRAMS AND PROJECTS
INVOLVING THE U.S. FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE
AND THE NATIONAL FISH AND WILDLIFE FOUNDATION
Partnership for Wildlife Act: The Fish and Wildlife Service is
presently working out details of a partnership with the Fish and
Wildlife Foundation and the 50 States as authorized by the newly
passed Partnerships For Wildlife Act to fund nonconsumptive fish
and wildlife conservation projects. Under this Act, the Service,
through appropriations, and the Foundation, through private
contributions, each contribute an equal amount to the Wildlife
Conservation and Appreciation Fund. The Fund is then used to match
State money so that each party contributes one third. Projects
will include a diverse array of public viewing, protection, and
education purposes involving animals that are not taken for sport,
food or fur.
Blackfoot River Watershed Habitat Restoration Project: The
Foundation provided a $200,000 two-party matching grant to Fish and
Wildlife Service ($100,000) and The Big Blackfoot Chapter of Trout
Unlimited (TU) ($100,000). The Service's half of the grant will
restore wetland and riparian habitats and establish perpetual
wetland/grassland conservation easements on private lands in the
watershed. The TU portion of the grant will help restore spawning
and fry rearing habitats for candidate and declining fish species
like the bull trout and westslope cutthroat trout, respectively.
Threatened grizzly bears, harlequin ducks, sandhill cranes, the
unique three-tipped sage/rough fescue plant community and other
trust resources are benefitted from the cooperative projects,
Oklahoma Private Lands Initiative: A $217,500 Foundation grant
matched with $302,500 of non-Federal funding sources will begin 11
projects in three categories (private lands habitat restoration,
community education, and biological diversity) statewide. The
Service will complete habitat restoration demonstration projects on
private lands. The Nature Conservancy, Oklahoma Division of
Wildlife Conservation, Oklahoma Natural Heritage Program and Sutton
Avian Research will use funds to deliver such projects as:
statewide wildlife education/training workshops, grassland
dependent wildlife restoration projects, and biodiversity inventory
and planning in targeted areas of Oklahoma. Endangered mussels,
leopard darters, and red-cockaded woodpeckers in the Wichita
Mountain plateau. Federal candidate species in Oklahoma, species
specially adapted to Playa Lakes habitats and other species of
special concern in Oklahoma will benefit from this partnership
Diamond Y Springs Preserve Project in Texas: A $50,000 grant from
the Foundation to be matched by private funds will assist in
restoring endangered species and other migratory and resident
species habitat on The Nature Conservancy's (TNC) preserve in west
Texas. Altogether, 1502 acres of desert scrub/shrub wetlands and
riparian habitat will be restored near springs (cienegas) in an
abandoned oil and gas field using matching funds from Exxon. The
endangered Leon Springs pupfish and other species dependent on
springs in this arid area will benefit.
Wetland Restoration on Private Lands in New York: A Foundation
grant of $50,000 matched by $100,000 in non-Federal funding is
being used in New York to expand habitat restoration efforts in New
York. Wetland restoration along the Hudson River will provide fry
rearing habitats to increase stocks of striped bass in the river.
Additional wetland restoration projects in western New York will
help meet the Iroquois NWR objectives. Sora and Virginia rails,
pied billed grebes and other wetland dependent species were
recorded using restored sites the first year of project work.
Goals for this $150,000 funding source are to complete 100
restorations involving about 900 wetland acres for wildlife on
Northcentral Wetlands Restoration: In FY 1993-94 a $300,000 grant
will be matched by $600,000 private funds to create a $900,000 fund
administered by the Service. A total of 39 Soil and Water
Conservation Districts in 7 of the 8 States in the Service's Great
Lakes-Big Rivers Region are leading this project. The objectives
for this fund are to restore riparian, prairie pothole, and
floodplain wetlands in this region. The cooperating Districts are
responsible for raising private matching funds and doing wetland
restorations guided by cooperative agreements with the Service.
These habitats will improve conditions for breeding and migratory
waterfowl, neotropical migrants, shorebirds, wading birds and other
wildlife associated with wetland and floodplains habitats in the
Arctic Goose Conservation: Development of educational video to
support educational efforts in Alaska and the Pacific Flyway to
reduce man-caused mortality of several species of Arctic nesting
geese. Cooperators $27,200; Foundation $27,200; Total grant
Chincoteague Trailer Donation: Donation and refurbishment of two
fully equipped bunk trailers (at Foundation request) to
Chincoteague NWR for use as on-refuge housing.
Interactive Video for National Wildlife Refuges: Development,
procurement and distribution of an interactive video system to
introduce the public to the Refuge System. Donated equipment value
$59,900. (Foundation assistance)
Attwater Prairie Chicken Fund: Establish a fund for habitat
restoration and to aid recovery of the Attwater Prairie Chicken.
Minnesota Valley Refuge Donation: Private donation (to the
Foundation) of a 26 acre inholding in Minnesota Valley NWR. The
donation was later transferred to the Service. The Foundation also
received a donation which included construction of a parking lot.
trailhead, and footbridge to provide- public access. Value of
Ohio River Border Islands: Foundation challenge grant of $50,000
(to West Virginia Nature Conservancy) for purchase of several
islands in the Ohio River to establish West Virginia's first NWR.
Impoundment Restoration: Donation towards the restoration of a 435
acre impoundment on Cameron Prairie NWR. Grant $15,000 (Foundation
Delta Crevasse Project: Grant to make man-made crevasses that aid
erosion control and restoration of coastal marshes to Delta NWR in
Louisiana. Foundation $20,000; Cooperator $20,000; Total Grant
Blackwater NWR Mitigation: Foundation acted as trustee for a $1
million fund used for acquisition, restoration, and management of
wetlands and endangered species habitat in connection with
Cedar Island Donation: Donation of 1,244 acres of barrier island
to the Foundation. Transferred to the Service. $1,060,678
FWS Maintenance Deficiency Video: Development of a 10 minute film
depicting the necessary need for funds for use in the Refuge
System. Grant $19,060
Florida Bald Eagle Research: Research on ecology of bald eagles in
eastern Florida, Merritt Island NWR. Grant $30,000
Hakalau Forest NWR Donation: Grant to the refuge for bird studies.
Leadership Training Analysis: Assist in assessing leadership
training needs of USFWS. Grant $50,000
Hawaiian Forest Bird Interns: Internship program to assist the
ongoing recovery efforts for endangered Hawaiian forest birds.
Upper Level Training Program: Conduct leadership training for
upper level USFWS personnel. Grant $37,000
Cape May NWR Challenge: Purchase of 520 acres for future addition
to Cape May NWR. Grant $500,000
Minnesota Valley Association: Establishment of bookstore to be run
by the co-operating association. Grant $25,000
Pinckney Island NWR donation: Ensure public access and purchase of
mowing equipment. Grant $24,840
San Francisco Bay Poster: Produce educational brochure/poster on
Bay region and San Francisco Bay NWR in particular. Grant $30,000
Squaw Creek NWR Challenge: Challenge grant to help raise private
funds for water improvement projects on Mallard Marsh. Grant
The following are grants provided by the Foundation in 1992
involving Fish and Wildlife Service programs and cooperative
American Ornithologists' Union, PA
Birds of North America - II
Compile and publish modern and comprehensive biographies of
North America's breeding birds for use by individuals and
national conservation organizations.
NFWF Grant of $40,000 matched by $50,000 in butside funds.
Cornell University, NY
Neotropical Migrants in New York
Create a handbook, videotape, and series of training workshops
to educate land-use planners and decision-makers on
integrating migratory bird concerns into habitat management
NFWF Grant of $25,000 matched by $50,000 in outside funds.
National Fish & Wildlife Foundation, DC
Forest Management Symposium
Help sponsor the symposium "Managing Forests for Neotropical
Migrants," attended by 100 participants in June, 1992 at the
Virginia Polytechnic Institute in Blacksburg.
NFWF Grant of $788.
National Fish & Wildlife Foundation, DC
Neotropical Migrant Bird Conference - II
Sponsor a conference in Madison, Wisconsin, to integrate
international interests into the Partners in Flight program.
NFWF facilitated a $16,000 contribution to the project.
National Fish & Wildlife Foundation, DC
Neotropical Newsletter and Poster
Produce a poster and a newsletter on the Partners in Flight
program using a grant from Exxon Corporation.
NFWF Grant facilitated a $10,000 eontribution to the project.
National Fishing Week Steering Committee/Sportman's Caucus, DC
National Fishing Week Material
Produce national radio and television PSAs, an information
brochure, and an analysis of the effectiveness of these media
NFWF orchestrated the Miller Brewing Company's donation of
U.S. Fish & Wildlife Foundation Service, Region 3, IL
Chicago Urban Habitat Restoration
Create a 60-acre recreational fishing lake and 120 acres of
wetland habitat in the Chicago metropolitan area.
NFWF Grant of $100,000 matched by $500,000 in outside funds.
U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service, Region 9, WA
Fish Hatchery Videos
Produce three videos called "These Are Your Fish" targeted at
the general public, civic groups, and school children
throughout the nation.
NFWF Grant of $36,000 matched by $5,000 in outside funds.
D.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Region 4, GA
Hatchie NWR Handicapped Access
Develop a fishing access program for handicapped anglers on
Lake O'Neal in western Tennessee's Hatchie National Wildlife
NFWF Grant of $100,000 matched by $200,000 in outside funds.
D.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Region 4, GA
Striped Bass Coloring Book
Print 10,000 copies of an education coloring book on striped
NFWF provided $5,000 from its striped Bass Fund.
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Region 5, MD
Striped Bass Information Card
Produce and information card (to distribute with fishing
licenses) explaining how and why to return tags found on
striped bass catches; for use in Atlantic Coast states.
NFWF Grant provided an interest-f-ree loan of $7,700 from its
Striped Bass Fund.
Delta Wildlife Foundation, MS
Delta Wildlife Outreach Program - II
Increase winter waterfowl habitat through improved land
stewardship in the Mississippi River Delta.
NFWF Grant of $50,000 matched by $90,000 in outside funds.
Devils Lake Wetland Mgmt. District, ND
Kelly's Slough Wetlands - II
Restore and create wetlands, control cattails, and build
nesting structures at Kelly's Slough National Wildlife Refuge
in North Dakota.
NFWF Grant of $10,000 matched by $10,000 in outside funds.
Federal Duck stamp Partnership, 1992
Protect and restore critical wetlands in Kansas 's Cheyenne
Bottoms using contributions from the Bass Pro Shop and the
1992 duck stamp and print artist, Nancy Howe.
NFWF Grant of $50,000 matched by $125,000 in outside funds.
International Wetlands and Waterfowl Research Bureau (IWRB),
Support IWRB's 35th annual meeting-the first held in the
United States-which took place in Florida in November, 1992.
NFWF Grant of $10,00 matched by $25,000 in outside funds.
Oklahoma Wildlife Department, OK
Playa Lakes Joint Venture Education
Develop educational materials for teaching wetland ecology,
and provide children and the general public with "hands-on"
wetland experiences in five south-central states.
NFWF Grant of $5,000 matched by $10,000 in outside funds.
San Francisco Bay National Wildlife Refuge, CA
San Francisco Bay NWR Trust
Conserve wetlands in the San Francisco Bay National Wildlife
NFWF facilitated this gift of $250,000 to the refuge.
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, region 6, UT
Bear River Migratory Bird Refuge
Construct a 1.25-mile dike to reverse channelization, promote
the growth of emergency vegetation, and restore productivity
to a 600-acre wetland in Utah's Bear River Refuge.
NFWF Grant of $25,000 matched by $25,000 in outside funds.
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Region 5, MA
Black Duck Joint Venture
Produce, market, and distribute an educational film on the
black duck, a joint venture under the North American Waterfowl
NFWF Grant of $16,500 matched by $4,000 in outside funds.
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Region 6, CO
Chase Lake Wetlands Fund
Establish a North Dakota fund to be used for high-priority
habitat restoration or acquisition in five western states.
NFWF Grant of $25,000 matched by $50,000 in outside funds.