National Fish and Wildlife Foundation reauthorization : hearing before the Subcommittee on Environment and Natural Resources of the Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries, House of Representatives, One Hundred Third Congress, first session, on reauthorizing the National Fish and Wildlife Foundat online

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U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Region 4, LA

Delta NWR Crevasse Project - II

Construct seven new crevasses that will capture sediment and
produce nearly 1,400 acres of additional marsh in Louisiana's
Delta National Wildlife Refuge-ideal breeding habitat for
migratory songbirds and waterfowl.

NFWF awarded $30,000 in federal funds to this 1991 project.

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Region 3, MN

Gritman Wetland Restoration Fund

Create a fund to restore Minnesota's 10,000th wetland and
other priority sites in Iowa and Minnesota.

NFWF Grant of $25,000 matched by $50,000 in outside funds.

U.S. Fish and wildlife Service

San Bernard National Wildlife Refuge Water Storage

Build a freshwater storage system for the San Bernard NVJR in
coastal Texas.

NFWF Grant of $25,000 matched by $50,000 in outside funds.

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Region 2, TX
Texas Partners for Wetlands


Restore 75,000 acres of wetlands- on privately held lands by
the year 2000 with the aid of cooperative agreements with

NFWF Grant of $50,000 matched by $50,000 in outside funds.

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, region 9, DC

Waterfowl 2000 Newsletter - II

Publish the "Waterfowl 2000" magazine highlighting the North
American Waterfowl Management Plan.

NFWF Grant of $12,000

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Region 5, MA

Water Chestnut Control on Refuges

Purchase aquatic-weed harvesting equipment to control exotic
water chestnut, which is choking New England waterways.

NFWF facilitated a $100,000 contribution to the project.

Walden Woods Project/The Isis Fund/U.S. Fish and Wildlife
Service, Region 5, MA

Walden Woods Acquisition

Protect 2 5 acres near Sudbury River in Massachusetts and the
Great Meadows National Wildlife Refuge bordering Walden Pond.

NFWF Grant of $486,390 matched by $469,200 in outside funds.

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Region 7, AK

Arctic NWR Reward

Establish a reward for the receipt of information leading the
arrest and conviction of the arsonist who destroyed buildings
on Alaska's Arctic National Wildlife Refuge.

NFWF Grant of $5,000

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Region 4, AR

Arkansas Baiting Case

Manage a court-ordered settlement generated by a conviction of
illegal waterfowl baiting in Arkansas to benefit fish and
wildlife in the state.

NFWF accepted settlement of $12,500 to create a fund for
wildlife in Arkansas.

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Region 6, CO

Black-Footed Ferret Collaring and Intern


Sponsor interns working on the black-footed ferret release
effort in Wyoming, and purchase radio collars for monitoring
newly released ferrets.

NFWF provided $21,431 from its BFF Fund

D.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Research, NM
Crane Herpes Research

Research on avian herpes to benefit both whooping and
Mississippi sandhill cranes.

NFWF facilitated a $4,000 grant from the International Crane

U.S. Fish and wildlife Service
Florida Panther Recovery Fund

Support the recovery team's efforts to save the endangered
Florida panther, which includes captive breeding, research,
and habitat protection.

NFWF Grant of $25,000 matched by $25,00 in outside funds.

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Region 6, MT

Grizzly Conservation Challenge II

Coordinate and fund high-priority grizzly protection projects
as directed by the Interagency Grizzly Bear Committee
throughout the western United States.

NFWF Grant of $63,840 matched by $100,000 in outside funds.

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Region 4, NC
North Carolina Museum Settlement

Manage a settlement involving a big-game hunter who used a
North Carolina museum to distribute illegally imported
endangered species.

NFWF used the settlement of $80,000 to establish a state
wildlife protection fund.

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Region 6, NE

Platte River Trust Fund

Create a fund for the receipt of contributions to conservation
and restoration efforts along the Platte River, habitat for
sandhill cranes and endangered whooping cranes.

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Regions 2 and 4, GA

Red-Cockaded Woodpecker Symposium III


Underwrite a symposium on the threatened red-cockaded
woodpecker and its management.

NFWF Grant of $115,000 matched by $23,550 in outside funds.

University of Wisconsin - LA Crosse, WI

Law Enforcement Conference

Convene an international array of law enforcement experts to
review and discuss the challenges of enforcing laws to
conserve wildlife worldwide.

NFWF Grant of $5,000 matched by $5,000 in outside funds.

Defenders of wildlife, OR

Watchable Wildlife Viewing Guides - II

Publish state-by-state guides to watch wildlife, along with
viewing areas, manuals, and advice on conserving plant and
animal life.

NFWF Grant of $100,000 matched by $200,000 in outside funds.

Falcon Press Publishing Co., Inc., MT

Watchable Wildlife Conference

Co-host a conference involving various federal agencies and
nonprofit conservation organizations on how to create
"Watchable Wildlife" programs in each State.

NFWF Grant of $46,000 matched by $18,000 in outside funds.

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Region 7, AK

Alaska Bald Eagle Basics

Publish a booklet on Alaska's bald eagles covering their life
history and ways to avoid distributing nesting bald eagles.

NFWF secured $17,000 for U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

D.S. Fish and Wildlife, Chesapeake Bay program, MD, VA, PA, DE

Chesapeake Bay Watershed Education Kit

Furnish teachers with an educational poster of the Chesapeake
Bay watershed, student working maps of the Chesapeake, and a
teacher activity guide.

NFWF Grant of $119,923 matched by $3,922 in outside funds.

O.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Region 9, DC
Federal Duck Stamp Junior 1992

Continue support for the development of Junior Duck Stamp
contests, which promote wetlands education.


NFWF Grant of $50,000 matched by -$93,888 in outside funds.

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Region 6, CO

Rocky Mountain Arsenal, 1992 Calendar

Produce the 1992 educational calendar and poster using photos
and text describing Colorado's Rocky Mountain Arsenal.

NFWF Grant of $17,500 matched by $41,950 in outside funds.







(202) 857-0166 FAX (202) 857-0162

Testimony of Amos S. Eno

Executive Director

National Fish and Wildlife Foundation

before the

Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries

The Honorable Gerry Studds, Chairman

July 13, 1993


Testimony of Amos S. Eno

Executive Director

National Fish and Wildlife Foundation

before the

Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries

The Honorable Gerry Studds, Chairman

July 13, 1993

My name is Amos S. Eno, and I am the Executive Director of the National Fish and Wildlife
Foundation. I appreciate the opportunity to testify today on the accomplishments, needs and goals
of the Foundation.

I am particularly pleased to come before the Merchant Marine and Fisheries Committee as it was
the foresight of this Committee in 1984 that led to our creation, and it is with the continued
support of this Committee that the Foundation has achieved the success it has to date.

The National Fish and Wildlife Foundation is a private, 501(c)(3) non-profit coiporation created
by an act of Congress (P.L. 98-224). Our mission is to forge partnerships that achieve the
conservation of fish, wildlife and plant resources for present and future generations. We forge
these partnerships between our host agency, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, a plethora of
other federal agencies ~ ranging from NOAA and USDA to the Department of Defense ~ state
agencies and the private sector, including conservation groups, universities, and very inclusively
corporate America.

Two elements in our organizational charter set the Foundation apart from other conservation
organizations. First, the Foundation is mandated to work on behalf of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife
Service and other federal natural resource agencies to forge creative partnerships with the state
and private sectors. Second, the Foundation is authorized to receive federal matching funds
provided by Congress to act as seed money to attract additional investments from the non-federal
sectors, lliese two requirements, embodied in our original legislation, have been the key
ingredients to the Foundation's success.

The Foundation uses federal matching funds appropriated by Congress to leverage private and
state contributions for conservation enterprises. Our Congressional charter requires that these
federally funded challenge grants be matched at least one-to-one by non-federal contributions. In
practice, the Foundation has aggressively applied this requirement achieving better than a two-to-
one ratio over the past seven years.

In FY 1993 alone, the Foundation will obligate more than $19 million for 191 conservation
projects, committing more than $6.2 million in federal matching funds that will be leveraged
by $13.1 million raised in cooperation with 126 conservation partners. Every federal dollar
appropriated will be matched directly with an average of $2.10 in non-federal dollars for a
total of $3.10 committed to conservation projects.

Since our inception, the Foundation has funded 785 projects, converting more than $28 million in
federal funds into more than $90.4 million for on-the-ground conservation, a ratio of $2.09 of
non-federal money for every $1 of federal money appropriated to the Foundation. These projects
have been conducted with 7 federal agencies, 61 state and provincial agencies, 36 colleges and
universities, and 207 different private conservation organizations ranging from The Nature
Conservancy and Ducks Unlimited, Inc. to the Manomet Bird Observatory and Oregon Trout.
For the Committee's benefit, I have attached detailed information on our grant program.


NFWF Testimony - Page 2

The Chairman has asked us to assess our effectiveness in consersdng and restoring the nation's
fish and wildlife resources. For the record, the Foundation has been an unmitigated success on
several levels. First, the 785 projects that we have funded have made extremely important on-
the-ground contributions to fish and wildlife conservation. Second, many of the projects we have
funded have become institutionalized and are now ongoing programs within the federal and state
natural resource agencies. Finally, by not funding lobbying or litigation, we have improved the
effectiveness of our partners. We bring people together to craft solutions that work and that
withstand the test of time outside the traditional realm of polarized advocacy that plagues so many
environmental issues. I think we are an organization in which Congress can genuinely take

To better demonstrate these successes, I will elaborate on how the Foundation operates and use
some of our projects to illustrate what we have been able to achieve.

In pursuing its conservation mission, the Foundation has three tenets at the heart of its operations:
1) to seek out and fund innovative on-the-ground projects that can be models for conservation
activities across the nation; 2) to stay lean, flexible and minimize operational overhead- in other
words, not become another environmental bureaucracy; and 3) to achieve maximum financial and
policy leverage in return for our investments.

The Foundation is committed to maintaining its cost effectiveness. The Committee should
understand that no portion of federal matching funds is applied to the Foundation's operating
budget. The operating costs of the Foundation are met solely with contributions from
private sources, including individuals, foundations, and corporations. The Foundation has a
stated commitment to hold administrative overhead at less than five percent of our total budget.
As a measure of our operational efficiency, during FY 1992 and 1993, 96 cents out of every
dollar went directly to the ground in grants while only 4 cents went to the Foundation's operating

The heart of the Foundation is our matching grant program. To the extent possible, we seek to
use our grants to fund conservation activities that are prototypes: projects that build partnerships
between the public and private sectors and initiate innovative solutions to resolve long-term
conservation challenges. As I stated, we do not fund lobbying or litigation activities. Lots of
other groups do this. Instead we work with our partners to promote proactive, investment-based
conservation programs focused on solutions.

The Foundation has five major initiatives under which grants are awarded: 1) North American
Wetlands Partnership, 2) Fisheries Management, 3) Neotropical Migratory Bird Conservation, 4)
Conservation Education and Leadership Training, and 5) Wildlife and Habitat. A description of
each initiative is presented in the Foundation's 1992 Annual Report, also included for the record.

I will cite some specific projects that may interest the Comnuttee and that illustrate what our funds
are achieving:

Wetlands Conservation and Restoration: The Foundation used its first Congressional
appropriations to help jump-start the North American Waterfowl Management Plan and we
continue, to this day, to be a driving force behind implementing this ambitious program's efforts
to protect North American wetlands. As a founding partner in the Plan, the Foundation has



NFWF Testimony - Page 3

underwritten projects in 34 states, ranging from acquisitions and habitat restoration to initiating
public education and outreach projects. In total, Foundation grants have positively impacted more
than 1.6 million acres of critical wetiand habitat throughout the United States, Canada, and
Mexico. Today, the Foundation's focus is evolving towards an emphasis on grants that encourage
private landowners to protect and restore wetiand habitat. We have initiated statewide grant
programs in Minnesota, Oklahoma, and Texas to implement wetiand restoration programs witii
private landowners.

Inland and Marine Fisheries Restoration: Among the growing list of imperiled vertebrates are our
native freshwater fishes and mussels. The Foundation is attempting to fundamentally change
fisheries management philosophies so that watersheds and habitats are Uie primary focus of
management attention. Consistent with this programmatic goal, we are funding the Bring Back the
Natives program with the Forest Service and Bureau of Land Management. In this program, for
the first time, entire riverine systems are managed for native species, especially systems where the
Forest Service and BLM have adjacent jurisdictions. There are now 47 different rivers or streams
in 15 states that are a part of the program, and it has become one of the most visible and
successful programs in both agencies. Other Foundation-sponsored restoration efforts not
officially part of the Bring Back The Natives project follow its model, such as the Blackfoot River
restoration in Montana, a project that involves tiie Fish and Wildlife Service.

On the salt water side, the Foundation has been aggressively pursuing projects to revitalize our
marine fisheries. A good example is last week's successful negotiation to buy-out the West
Greenland NASCO high seas salmon fishery. For decades, restoration of AUantic salmon to New
England's rivers have been a conservation priority. It was an issue of paramount importance to
the late Silvio Conte, and tens of millions of dollars have been expended for this purpose. For the
past decade, despite major improvements in habitat and water quality, large numbers of fish have
not returned to spawn. This is due, in part, to tiie Greenland fishery which consumed hundreds of
tons of spawning salmon each August. The Foundation and its partners, tiie Department of State,
Atiantic Salmon Federation and Nortii Atiantic Salmon Fund (Iceland), have just purchased tiie
entire 1993 and 1994 NASCO adult spawning harvest from Greenland for $850,000. This
translates into a minimum annual return of an additional 88,000 adult fish to spawn in tiieir natal
rivers next spring.

Partners in Flight: A classic example of what tiie Foundation can do in terms of forging
partnerships and practicing proactive management is our Partners in Flight program. Two years
ago conservationists were assailed with the news that neotropical migratory birds - that
assemblage of some 360 species tiiat nest in tiie U.S. and wmter soutii of our borders - have been
declining for up to two decades. The news was shocking not just because the declines were so
precipitous, but because the declines have been occurring right under our noses and no agency or
organization had come forward to respond. With characteristic speed, the Foundation designed
and implemented a comprehensive, multi-jurisdictional conservation plan that broke the cycle of
poor communication and lack of cooperation that has hampered non-game bird conservation for
years. The Partners in Flight program now includes 14 federal agencies, all 50 state fish and
game agencies, 29 conservation organizations and, perhaps most importantiy, the forest products
mdustry. TTiis is a proactive coalition emphasizing partnerships to get ahead of the endangered
species curve. Our latest newsletter on tiie program featiires 48 pages of successful partnerships
and on-the-ground conservation. It is conservation the way it ought to be done: targeted
specifically on the problem; encompassing public and private partners; witii actions implemented
before tiie species become intensive-care patients. A copy of tiie newsletter is included for tiie


NFWF Testimony - Page 4

benefit of the Committee.

California Gnatcatcher: Coastal sage scrub occurs along a 150 mile stretch of coastline between
Los Angeles and San Diego. The California gnatcatcher and 39 other species of plants and
animals dependent on the coastal sage community are being considered for listing as habitat loss
and fragmentation caused by intensive housing development has radically altered this ecosystem.
The Foundation has been actively supporting measures to protect this v^uable habitat in an
economically feasible manner through work with the California Resources Agency and other
partners. Tlie program entails voluntary collaborative processes designed to protect critical habitat
m such a way ^at developers, conservation organizations, agencies, and residents are satisfied
with the result.

Gap Analysis: In 1988, the Foundation funded development of the first state-wide gap-analysis
program (GAP) in the United States. Using GIS mapping techniques, the natural resources of the
State of Idaho were mapped with land ownerships and other socio-biological aspects to give land
managers a tool for the proactive management of natural resources. GAP provides the opportunity
to maintain biodiversity on a landscape level within the context of patterns of public and private
land ownership. The Foundation has also underwritten development of GAP in California and
provided a grant to initiate GAP in Montana. In southern California, GAP is providing critical
information for land planning on a county by county level. Currently, gap analysis is completed
or underway in 29 states under the leadership of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. This
program provides the basic building blocks for Secretary Babbitt's National Biological Survey.

Rocky Mountain Arsenal: The Foundation, in cooperation with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife
Service, U.S. Army, and Shell Oil Company, has sponsored educational outreach efforts for the
Rocky Mountain Arsenal. At one time, the Arsenal was known as "the most polluted place in
America," but thanks to the collaborative efforts of organizations and agencies interested in
conservation we now see a significant island of high prairie habitat on 3ie edge of one of the
country's largest metropolitan areas. The Foundation views the Arsenal as a premier National
Wildlife Refuge and a model program for replication in other urban areas and will continue to
provide support for education and the development of a long-range master plan.

Private Lands Initiative: The Foundation's emphasis on positively effecting habitat under private
ownership has drawn us into a major partnership with the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department
(TPWD). Ninety-eight percent of Texas is privately owned. A TPWD led coalition of
conservation agencies and organizations has undert<dcen a program to develop and implement
sixteen projects that include landowner conservation seminars, ecosystem management guides,
training workshops, and numerous on-the-ground demonstration projects. The three pronged
initiative of communications, training, and demonstration projects will expand private landowner
participation in the program to 74,000 individuals (from 30,000) with a potential impact on 30
million acres state-wide. This program is being used as a model for private lands programs
starting up in New York, Oklahoma, and Pennsylvania.

Leadership Training: Some of the Foundation's earliest activities focused on improving the skills
of our nation's federal fish and wildlife conservation managers. A Foundation grant initiated the
Fish and Wildlife Service's Upper Level Management Leadership Training program, and for
several years, Foundation staff oversaw and taught the courses. This training program did not
attempt to teach biology or other natural sciences; instead it focused on communication, confiict
resolution, public policy formation, public relations, marketing, and a host of skills not normally


NFWF Testimony - Page 5

considered important for federal agency biologists. Based on the success of our program, a full-
fledged national leadership training facility is being constructed in Harpers Ferry, West Virginia
for the Fish and Wildlife Service and other interested agencies.

The Foundation is in good shape as we approach FY 1994. Secretary Babbitt has recognized that
the Foundation can play an invaluable role in marshalling additional resources for difficult
problems and bring people together to head off "train wrecks." For example, the Secretary
invited our assistance to address the restoration of the Everglades ecosystem which is one of his
top priorities. Secretary Babbitt has recommended a 50 percent increase in our federal funding,
from $5 million to $7.5 million. We are very pleased that the House Appropriations Committee
has concurred with this recommendation.

The Committee should also be aware of another area where the Foundation has become very
active, namely as a repository for various dedicated conservation accounts. We have administered
or are now administering more than 21 special accounts set up at the request of the U.S. Fish and
Wildlife Service to handle restitution, mitigation and restoration projects. Ranging from
mitigation payments paid by water users as part of the Colorado River endangered fishes recovery
effort to court-ordered payments for shooting ducks over bait, these funds are in turn directed
back to conservation efforts on-the-ground. For example, several years ago the federal court in
Maryland named the Foundation as the trustee of a $1 million restitution fund, which was a fine
for a wetlands violation. We used this money to purchase a 500 acre inholding and a 200 acre
island in the Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge on the Eastern Shore of Maryland. Working
with various state and federal agencies, the balance of these funds will be used for erosion control,
wetland restoration and creation, and other activities beneficial to the refuge and the Chesapeake

In addition, the Foundation was named the recipient for donations made to the Partnerships for
Wildlife Act ^.L. 102-587), which will be in turn matched by the states for worthwhile non-game
conservation activities. The Foundation is also being considered as a repository for funds from
the Department of the Interior's Central Valley Project (California) Restoration Fund that are
dedicated to water and land acquisition.

Though not involving the use of any federal funds, another program of the Foundation is worthy
of mention. Every year, the Foundation uses private money to publish a series of fisheries and
wildlife assessments of federal natural resource agency budgets. Our staff travels to all the
regional offices of various agencies, talks to personnel and reviews existing programs. Based on
this review, we document, line-item by line-item, the programs of the agencies and what their real
needs are. We provide these assessments to members of Congress, especially those on the

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Online LibraryUnknownNational Fish and Wildlife Foundation reauthorization : hearing before the Subcommittee on Environment and Natural Resources of the Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries, House of Representatives, One Hundred Third Congress, first session, on reauthorizing the National Fish and Wildlife Foundat → online text (page 5 of 14)