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National Fish and Wildlife Foundation reauthorization : hearing before the Subcommittee on Environment and Natural Resources of the Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries, House of Representatives, One Hundred Third Congress, first session, on reauthorizing the National Fish and Wildlife Foundat online

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lows, orioles, tanagers, flycatchers,
grosbeaks, warblers, and vireos. They
are also important indicators of ecosys-
tem health in both North and Latin
America.

Long-term studies indicate that
populations of many Neotropical
migrants are declining — a result of lost,
fragmented, or deteriorated habitat on
northern breeding grounds, on southern
wintering areas, and along migration
routes. The problem is complex; these
350 or so species breed in, migrate
through, or winter in more than a dozen
countries. Despite declining bird
populations, the challenge of developing
an effective conservation program for
this shared international resource has
stymied the conservation community for
decades.

The National Fish and Wildlife
Foundation changed all this in 1990.
Where others saw obstacles, the Foun-
dation saw opportunity — the chance to
build a truly cooperative and compre-
hensive international conservation
program for migratory birds. Based on
partnerships and cooperation among a
diversity of public and private interests
and primed with private-sector invest-
ments, our initiative for Neotropical
migrants provides a model of innovative
conservation efforts for the 21st century.

The Foundation's program. Partners
in Flight ( Companems de Vuelo),
stresses "conservation when it should be
done" — that is, before species and their
habitats become threatened or endan-
gered. It seeks to mobilize the United
States' estimated 60 million birdwatchers
into an organized and effective conser-





vation support group. Farmers in Flight
promotes simultaneous conservation on
North American breeding grounds, along
migration routes, and on Latin American
wintering grounds. It is also a habitat-
based initiative, encouraging conserva-
tion of both natural and managed lands



Tl}e yellow warbler family (top) and the
osprey (left) are among the beneficiaries
of the Foundation 's Partners in Flight
initiative.

that benefit Neotropical migratory birds,
endemic species, and all biological
diversity. First and foremost, however, it
is a cooperative program that marshals
the resources of diverse organizations
(including corporate America) into a
I < )ordinated body, thereby reducing
program overiap and improving the
efficiency and effectiveness of national
and local conservation programs.

In 1992, the fledgling Farmers in
Flight initiative became firmly estab-
lished as an international conservation
program. The Foundation funded 41
migratory bird projects last year, commit-
ting $1,118,000 in federal funds, which
were matched by $1,708,263 in
nonfederal funds. Projects funded since
the program's inception total 75. Four-
teen federal agencies, all 50 state fish
and wildlife agencies. 22 nongovern-
mental conservation organizations, the



69



forest products industry, universities,
corporations, and foundations have
joined to support the initiative. Repre-
sentatives from these diverse organiza-
tions are completing comprehensive
recommendations for new research,
monitoring, management, education,
and habitat acquisition efforts. The
Foundation will spearhead implementa-
tion of these recommendations through
its challenge grants.

Without the help of Foundation
donors, such as The Pew Charitable
Taists, Exxon Corporation, and US
Windpower, Inc.. our Partners in Flight
program would have been far less
successful in 1992. We wish to thank
each one of our supporters.

In 1993, the Foundation will continue
to lead Partners in Flight. We will work
with private and federal partners to
target grants on such critical issues as
habitat fragmentation and forest man-
agement, pushing for implementation of
research recommendations. With the
Forest Service, the Bureau of Land
Management, the Department of Naw.
and other U.S. federal agencies, we will
initiate irmovative, on-ihe-ground
management projects for conserving
Neotropical migratory birds and their
habitats. We will build new links
between local conservation organiza-
tions, such as various National Audubon
chapters, to provide matching funds and
other support for Foundation grants to
grass-roots conservation organizations in
the Neotropics- These ties will be further
strengthened through our support for
the Forest Services Sister Forest initia-
tive, which links our national forests
with protected areas in Latin America.

The Foundation's Partners in Flight
initiative is an investment in partnerships
to ensure that the annual spring inva-
sions of Neotropical migrants from Latin
America will continue for generations to
come. Just as the birds themselves must
cross national borders, conservation
efforts on their behalf must do the same.



Gifts to Neotropical Operations

Church & Dwight Co,, Inc.

Exxon Corporation

William and Flora Hewlett Foundation

Kenetecfi/US Windpower. Inc.

The Pew Charitable Trusts

Ms, Kate Davis Quesada

Marcia Brady Tucker Foundation

Weeden Foundation

Matching Gifts to Neotropical

Projects

$100,000 and over

Slate of Minnesota

The Pew Charitable Trusts

World Wildlife Iniemational

$50,000-99,999

Liz Claiborne & Art Ortenberg Foundation

Kenetech/US Windpower, Inc.

The Nature Conservancy

The Nature Conservancy's Conserve Carolina

Campaign
Robert W. Woodmff Foundation, Inc.

$25,000-49,999

Academy of Naniral Sciences

Jes.sie B. Cox Charitable Trust

Dorr Foundation

Educational Foundation of America

W, Alton Jones Foundation, inc.

John Merck Fund

State of Mississippi

David & Lucile Packard Foundation

Phillips Petroleum Foundation, Inc.

R.J, Re^TioIds Company

U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service

United Slates Navy

World Publishing Company

$10,000-24,999

American Forest Foundation

Botwinick-Wolfenstein Foundation

Government of Canada

Canadian Wildlife Service

Conservation Food & Health Foundation

Ducks Unlimited, Inc.

Earthwatch

Exxon Corporation

Friends of the National Zoo

Stale of Iliinois

State of Indiana

Johnson Foundation (Trust)



Robert S. & Grayce B. Kerr Foundation
Lyndhurst Foundation
Lyon Foundation
McLean Contributionship
National Council of the Paper Industry
for Air & Stream Improvement, Inc.
Swedish International Development Co.
Wallace Genetic Foundation
Weeden Foundation
Williams Companies, Inc.

$1,000-9,999

State of Alaska

State of Arizona

Audubon Society, Amos Butler Chapter

Audubon Society. Sassafras Chapter

Audubon Society, South Bend Chapter

BP Exploration. Inc

Mr. H.R. Burman

State of California

Caribbean Society- for Ornithology

Chevron Companies

Conservation & Research Foundation

Nelson B. Delevan Foundation

Mr. William C. Douce

The Entrust Fund

FMC Corporation

Foster-Davis Foundation

Dr. Dorothy Fuller

Mr. Benjamin C. Hammett

Indiana Academy of Science

State of Iowa

State of Louisiana

Martin Foundation, Inc.

Stale of New Jersey

New Land Foundation

State of New York

State of North Carolina

Commonwealth of Pennsylvania

Public Service of Oklahoma

RARE Center for Tropical Conservation

St. Patricks' Episcopal Day School

Smithsonian Institution

S. C. Wildlife & Marine Resources Depl,

State of South Dakota

Swift Instruments

Stale of Texas

University of Texas at Austin

William P, Wharton Tmsl

Wild Bird Feeding Institute

Wildlife Management Institute

World Wildlife Fund-US,

Zeiss Optical

Zoological Society of Milwaukee County



70



Investing in Neotropical Migrants



1992 Grants



American Ornithologists* Union, PA

Birds of North America - II

Compile and publish modem and comprehen-
sive biographies of North America's breeding
birds for use by individuals and national con-
servation organizations.

NFWF Grant of $40,000 matched by $50,000 in
outside funds.

Colorado Bird Observatory, CO

Western Songbird Conservation Network

Produce a booklet on the habitat (e.g.. parks)
and management of Neotropical migrant bird
populations m western Mexico that spend
spring and summer in the western United
States.

NFWF Gram of $12,000 matched by S24.000 in
outside funds

Cornell University, NY

Neotropical Migrants in New York

Create a handbook, videotape, and series of
training workshops to educate land-use plan-
ners and decision-makers on integrating mi-
gratory- bird concerns into habitat management
programs.

NFWF Grant of $25,000 matched by $50,000 in
outside funds

Cornell University, NY

Tanagers and Forest Fragments

Establish a volunteer program to determine the
effects of forest fragmentation on four species
of tanagers that breed in the United States.

NFWF Grant of $45,000 matched by $65,000 in
outside funds.

Friends of Connie Hagar, Inc., CA

Connie Hagar Acqimition

Acquire conservationist Connie Hagar's home-
stead on the bird-rich Texas Gulf Coast to
establish a demonstration model for bird habi-
tat restoration and a site for education and
research on migratory birds.

NFWF Grant of $50,000 matched by $150.(K)0
in outside funds.

George Mlksch Sutton Avian Research, OK

Prairie Bird Population Study



Initiate a five-year study on factors contributing
to widespread decline of prairie birds (resi-
dents, temperate zone migrants, and Neotropi-
cal migrants).

NFWF Grant of $200,000 matched by $300,000
in outside funds.

Georgia Southern University, GA

Georgia Fugle'Raptor Education

Establish a raptor rehabilitation and breeding
center, as well as an educational program
focusing on birds of prey.

NFWF Grant of $32,000 matched by $65,980 in
ouLside funds.

Hawk Mountain Sanctuary Association, PA

Forest Fragmentation w Penyisylvania

Evaluate the effects of forest fragmentation and
isolation on Neotropical migratory birds in
eastern Pennsylvania.

NFWF Grant of $7,800 matched by $7,800 in
outside funds.

Hawk Mountain Sanctuary Association, PA

Raptor Migration i>i Mexico

Develop educational programs about raptors'
spring and fall migrations through Veracruz.
Mexico, and pursue research on habitat needs
during migration.

NFWF Grant of $22,504 matched by $22,504 in
outside funds,



Houston Audubon Society, TX

High Island Acquisition

Expand High Island, Texas's most visited bird
sanctuary, and facilitate the regeneration of
degraded habitat.

NFWF Grant of $60,000 matched by $60,000 in
outside funds.

Idaho Game and Fish Department, ID

Idaho Migrant Bird Leaflet

Produce a 16-page color leaflet on the distribu-
tion and habitat preferences of Neotropical
migratory birds in Idaho, for publication in
Idaho Wildlifednd reprinting for distnbution to
schools.

NFWF Grant of $4,000 matched by $4,000 in
outside funds.



Illinois Natural History Survey, IL

Migratory Birds and Forest Management - 1

Assess impacts of logging, tract size, and
"edges" (the borders between forest and open
land) on the nesting success of Neotropical
migrants in fragmented Illinois forests.

NFWF Grant of $25,000 matched by $25,000 in
outside funds,

Indiana University, IN

Migrant Bird Breeding Factors

Research to determine how successfully Neo-
tropical birds breed in various Indiana forests
under different management schemes.

NFUT Grant of $37,000 matched by $37,000 in
outside funds.

Institute for Bird Populations, CA

Bird Monitoring on the Potomac

Monitor the trends in breeding-bird popula-
tions on three U.S. Navy bases along the
Potomac River in Virginia and Maryland.

NFWF facilitated a $20,000 contribution to the
projea.

Long Point Bird Observatory, Canada

long Point Migrant Bird Study

Establish research, monitoring, and educa-
tional programs focusing on Neotropical mi-
grants in the West Indies.

NF^T Gram of $14,263 matched by $14,263 m
outside funds

Manomet Bird Observatory, MA

Belize Forest Management

SuppKDrt an experimental project in Belize's
81.000-hectare Rio Bravo Conservation and
Management Area to develop guidelines for
and workshops on tropical forest manage-
ment.

NFWF Grant of $50,000 matched by $100,000
in outside funds.

Manomet Bird Observatory, MA

MBO Birders Exchange

Secure and transfer donations of new and used
equipment(.binoculars, telescopes, bird guides,
etc) from North American groups to Latin
American organizations for their research.



71



habitat conservation, and environmental edu-
cation.

NFWF Grant of $5,000 matched by $10,000 m
outside funds.

Manomet Bird Observatory, MA

Migratory Birds and Timber Harvest

Research the relationship between managed
forescs and bird diversity in north -central Maine
with the goal of fomiing management guide-
lines that allow both an economic return and
sustainable bird populations in forests.

NFWF Gram of $59,000 matched by $78,000 in
outside funds.

Minnesota Department of Natural Re-
soufxres, MN

Chuck Yeager Award. 1992 - UI

Recognize Carroll Henderson. Nongame Su-
pervisor, and Lee Pfannmuller, Ecological Ser-
vices Section Manager, of the Minnesota De-
partment of Natural Resources, for developing
a Neotropical migratory bird conservation pro-
gram in Minnesota,

NFWFGrant of $15,144,

National Fish and Wildlife Foundation, DC

Forest Management Symposium

Help sponsor the symposium "Managing For-
ests for Neotropical Migrants." attended by 100
participants in June, 1992, at the Virginia Poly-
technic Institute m Blacksburg,

NFWF Grant of $788,

National Fish and WUdUfe Foundation, DC

Neotropical Migrant Bird Conference - 77

Sponsor a conference in Madison, Wisconsin,
to integrate international interests into the
Partners in Flight program.

NFWF facilitated a $16,000 contribution to the
project.

National Fish and Wildlife Foundation, DC

Neotropical Neivsletter and Poster

Produce a poster and a newsletter on the
Partners in Flight program using a grant from
Exxon Corporation

NFWF Grant facilitated a $10,000 contribution
to the projea.



Necxikopical Mic^ants in a Managed Forest Landscape



The Eastern United
Staies contains more
than 350 miUion acres
of timberland, and 86
percent is privately
held. Of this percent-
age, the forest prod-
ucts industry owns 16
percent, nearly twice
as much land as the
federal government
holds in the East. Con-
sequently, it is essen-
tial to manage private
forest lands for the
consei^'ation of Neo-
tropical migratory
birds. To bring to-
gether the forest products industry and
the conservation community, the
Manomet Bird Observatory chose col-
laboration rather than confrontation and
has formed partnerships with Champion
International Corporation, Scott Timber
Company, and Bowater, Inc., to under-
stand how management decisions on
private lands affect wildlife.

Dr. John Hagan, Manomet's senior
scientist, and his colleagues have begun




research on these
companies' holdings
in Maine aimed at
predicting bird popu-
lation changes result-
ing from different
forest management
scenarios. They are
tackling such signifi-
cant questions as
whether or not a
single, large clear-cut
area has less impact
on bird populations
than do several cut
sites of an equal total
size. Data from this
research will be used
to propose land management strategies
thai the timber industry can implement to
manage its properties to benefit both
birds and forests.

Funds for this project came from the
National Fish and Wildlife Foundation,
the Jessie B. Cox Charitable Trust. The
John Merck Fund, the National Council
for Air and Stream Improvement, and
members of the Manomet Bird Observa-
tory.



New Hampshire Game and Fish, NH

New Hampshire Partners in Flight

Prepare exhibits, a statewide brochure, a guide-
book, fact sheets, and media kits — and develop
an educational advertising program — for the
state's Partners In Flight program.

NFWF Grant of $25,000 matched by $50,000 in
outside funds.

Rainforest Alliance. NY

Tropical Conservation Newsbureau - D

Disseminate news articles and radio programs
on tropical conservation issues in the United



States and Latin America.

NFWF Grant of $30,000 matched by $60,000 in
outside funds.

Smithsonian Institute, National Zoologi-
cal Park, VA

Nest Predatton Study - U

Research the effects of vegetational browsing
by white-tailed deer on the birds of northern
Virginia's mountains.

NFWF Grant of $37,848 matched by $75,696 in
outside funds.



72



The Nature Conservancy, LA

Neotropical Coordinalor

Hire a Nature Conservancy Neotropical migra-
tory bird coordinator.

NFWF Grant of $6,000 matched by $6,000 in
outside funds.

The Nature Conservancy, NC

North Carolina Migrant Bird Program

Develop a land management plan to protect
Neotropical migratory birds in North Carolina's
Roanoke River floodplain.

NFWF Grant of $2S.000 matched by $50,000 m
outside funds

The Peregrine Fund, Inc., ID

Neotropical Migrants in Guatemala

Monitor, on a long-term basis, winter migrant
bird populations in Mexico and Belize and
train local professionals in monitoring tech-
niques.

NFWF Grant of $54,000 matched by $54,000 in
outside funds.

University of Alberta, Canada

Forest Fragmentation in Alberta

Develop a collaborative experimental harvest-
ing project for aspen forests, with the goal of
maximizing the long-term viability of Neotro-
pical migratory bird papulations — in coopera-
tion with Alberta Pacific Forest Industries.



NFWF Grant of $6,000 matched by $12,000 in
outside funds

University of Missouri-Columbia, MO

Timber and Migrant Birds in Missouri

Study the effects of forest management on the
reproduction of migrant songbirds in Missouri,
focusing on even-aged versus uneven-aged
forests.

NFWF Grant of $29,255 matched by $58,000 in
outside funds.

University of Montana-Mlssoula, MT

Migratory Birds in Western Mexico -II



Research and examine the habitat prefei

of wintering migratory birds in western Mexjco

NFWF Grant of $92,700

University of Pennsylvania/Institute of
Biodiversity, PA

Costa Rican Biodiversity Education

Train women as parataxonomists to inventory
Costa Rica"s biological diversity

NFWF Grant of $80,000 matched by $80,000 in
outside funds.

University of Wisconsin-Madison, Wl

Dickcissel Breeding and Wintering Study

Collect baseline data on dickcissel ecology in
Wisconsin and Venezuela to evaluate the effea
of agricultural chemicals.



landbirds wintering in the West Indies.

NFWF Gram of $8,244 matched by $12,365 in
outside funds

USDA - Forest Service, Region 8, Puerto
Rico

Migrants in the Dominican Republic

Research the diversity, abundance, and sur-
vival of migrant birds in agricultural areas and
forestry plantations on the Dominican Repub-



NFWF Grant of $20,000 matched by $20,000 in
outside funds.

Vermont Institute of Natural Science, VT

Bicknell's Tbnish m Neiv England

Develop census techniques and a volunteer
monitonng network for migrant birds to deter-
mine their populations in northern New En-
gland mountaintop habitats,

NFWF Grant of $7,500 matched by $7,500 in
outside funds.

Virginia Department of Game and Inland
Fisheries, VA

Virginia Migratory^ Birds Brochure

Publish a brochure on Neotropical migratory
birds in Virginia and on the state's participation
in the Partners in Flight program.

NFWT Grant of $4,500 matched by $4,500 in
outside funds.



NFWF Grant of $39,000 matched by $76,180 in
outside funds.

University of Kansas-Lawrence, KS

Latin American Library Development

Establish a mechanism to distribute scientific
literature to Latin American nations for educa-
tional purposes.

NFWF Grant of $15,000 matched by $25,000 in
outside funds.

University of Missouri-Cohunbia, MO

Piping and Snouy Plover Research - U

Investigate the winter habitat preferences, for-
aging efficiency, and wintering site move-
ments of rare snowy plovers and endangered
piping plovers on the Texas Gulf Coast,



NFWF Grant of $4,475 matched by $4,475 m
outside funds.

University of Wyoming, WY

Grasslands and Migrant Birds

Study the cumulative effects of small fires/
controlled bums on sagegrouse and migratory
songbird populations in diverse sagebrush-
grassland ecosystems.

NFWF Grant of $ 1 5,000 matched by $25,000 in
outside funds

USDA - Forest Service, Region 8, Puerto
Rico

Caribbean Ornithology Society Support

Establish a West Indies Migratory Bird Conser-
vation Committee and develop a symposium
on the biology and conservation of migrant



South Carolina Wildlife and Marine Re-
sources Department, SC

Neutniptctil Migrants in South Carolina

Study the effect of forest openings on the
reproductive success of Neotropical migratory
birds in South Carolina,

NFWF Grant of $14,000 matched by $ 14.000 in
outside funds.



73



Investing in Fisheries



Restoring Our Fisheries Heritage



OUK NATIO^'s fishery re-
sources, which are a vital,
integral part of our eco-
nomic, cultural, and
environmental heritage, are being
seriously jeopardized. Many significant
fisheries have declined or disappeared
in recent years, resulting in severe
biological, social, and economic hard-
ships. Harvest levels for some species
are currently 10 percent of the long-term
average yield and only 1 percent of
historical high yields. Almost 30 percent
of native freshwater fish species found
in North America are listed as threat-
ened, endangered, or sensitive, includ-
ing the desert pupfish, Lahontan and
Apache trout, and Atlantic and shortnose
sturgeons. Examples of depleted marine
stocks include American shad, striped
bass, a growing number of shark
species, and groundfush populations of
cod, haddock and flounder. Many
species of Atlantic and Pacific salmon,
once a symbol of America's rich natural
heritage, have been drastically reduced;
two stocks are extinct, two are listed as
endangered, and five are officially
proposed for federal listing as endan-
gered or threatened.

Causes of these declines vary, but
overharvest and habitat destruction are
chief factors. Overharvest is largely a
produa of underfunded, tradition-bound
government agencies that manage
reactively, rather than proactively — and
then only in response to drastic popula-
tion declines. Although habitat degrada-
tion and watershed loss are widespread
and serious contributors to declining
fisheries, they rarely receive adequate
attention In addition, pollution and
toxic contamination have resulted in
poor spawning success, disease, stress,
and reduced survival rates for both early
life stages and adult fish species.
In 1992, the National Fish and
Wildlife Foundation's Fisheries Conser-
vation and Management Initiative was
substantially expanded to address the



growing crisis in the nation's marine and
inland fisheries. An extensive three-year
plan was developed to target areas
where we will focus our efforts. In order
to meet the goal of revitalizing America's
fisheries, the program was designed to
build on past Foundation successes. It
also operates on the belief that fishery
resources are renewable and sustainable
and can best benefit from active partner-
ships between the private and public



and — the single most important issue —
reducing overharvest.

In 1992, the Foundation awarded
$1,782,700 in challenge grants to 26
grantees to liind 32 fisheries projects.
Other donors matched these resources
at a 2 to 1 ratio by contributing
$3,546,820. Funded projects include
smdying the Gulf of California's endan-
gered vaquita, creating underwater
habitat in Arizona's Lake Havasu,




sectors. Finally, the program is guided
by three primary principles: develop
public-private partnerships, support
innovative management regimes, and
focus on ecosystem-based management.

To address freshwater fisheries.
Foundation efforts target such key issues
as water rights, nonpoint source pollu-
tion, riparian restoration, and the
management of entire watersheds and
river lengths. For coastal fisheries, we
focus on reducing habitat loss and
restoring ecologically significant habitats.
The critical issues in revitalizing marine
fisheries are the reduction of bycatch
and waste, broadened enforcement.



The "Wild Atlantic" is captured in a
print and poster by artist Nils Obelfor the
Foundation.

determining population densities of
North Atlantic humpback whales in the
West Indies, evaluating protection efforts
for the Upper Colorado's endangered
fishes, enabling Mexican conservation
groups to be involved in Gulf of Califor-
nia conservation, and producing a wide
variety of educational materials on
fisheries issues and policies.

Since launching its Fisheries Initiative,
the Foundation has been successful in
umting myriad parties with a stake in


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Online LibraryUnknownNational Fish and Wildlife Foundation reauthorization : hearing before the Subcommittee on Environment and Natural Resources of the Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries, House of Representatives, One Hundred Third Congress, first session, on reauthorizing the National Fish and Wildlife Foundat → online text (page 8 of 14)