Abstracts of Papers Read at the First International Eugenics Congress online

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The Right Hon. Reginald McKenna, M.P., Secretary of State for Home

The Right Hon. The Lord Mayor of London.

Dr. Magnan, l'Asile Sainte-Anne, Paris.

Dr. L. Manouvrier, Professor of Anthropology, Paris.

Dr. A. Marie, Asiles de la Seine.

Sir Henry Alexander Miers, D.Sc., F.R.S., Principal of the University
of London.

Professor Alfredo Niceforo, Professor of Statistics, Naples.

Sir William Osler, M.D., F.R.S., Regius Professor of Medicine, Oxford.

The Right Rev. The Lord Bishop of Oxford, D.D.

Dr. E. Perrier, Director, Natural History Museum, Paris.

Gifford Pinchot, Washington.

Dr. Alfred Ploëtz, President of the International Society for Race
Hygiene, Germany.

Sir William Ramsay, F.R.S., Professor of Chemistry, University of

The Right Rev. The Lord Bishop of Ripon, D.D.

Professor G. J. Sergi, Professor of Anthropology, Rome.

Dr. E. E. Southard, Neuro-Pathologist, Harvard University, and Director
of the State Psychopathological Hospital.

The Right Hon. Sir T. Vezey Strong, K.C.V.O.

Bleecker van Wagenen, of the Board of Trustees, Vineland Training
School, New Jersey, U.S.A.

Professor August Weismann, Professor of Zoology, Freiburg.

Honorary Members.

Monsieur Henri Jaspar, Avocat à la Cour D'Appel, Président de la
Société Protectrice de l'Enfance Anormale; Secrétaire de la Commission
Royale des Patronages, Brussels.

Monsieur Adolph Prins, Inspecteur Générale des Prisons, Brussels.

Professor Ludwig Schemann, President of the Gobineau-Vereinigung,

His Excellency the General von Bardeleben, President of the _Verein
Herold_, Berlin.


=President= - Dr. David Starr Jordan.


Dr. C. B. Davenport, Alexander Graham Bell, Professors W. E. Castle,
Charles R. Henderson, Adolph Meyer, A. Hrdlicka, Vernon L. Kellogg, J.
Webber, W. L. Tower, Dr. Frederick Adams Woods.

=Secretary and Treasurer= - Dr. C. B. Davenport, Eugenics Record Office,
Cold Spring Harbor, Long Island, New York.

* * * * *


=Secretary= - Dr. Louis Querton, Boulevard de Grande Ceinture, 77,


MM. Dr. Boulenger, Dr. Bordet, Dr. Caty, Dr. Decroly, Dr. Gengou, Dr.
Herman, Dr. L. MM. Gaspart, Gheude, Jacquart, Marc de Sélys Longchamps,
Nyns, E. Waxweiler, Professor Marchal.

* * * * *


Hon. Presidents.

MM. Bouchard, Henry Chéron, Yves Delage, Paul Doumer, A. de Foville,
Landouzy, Paul Strauss.

=President= - M. Edward Perrier.


M. M. Déjérine, Gide, March, Magnan, Manouvrier, Marie, Pinard, Variot.
=Secretary and Treasurer= - M. Huber, Statistique Générale de la France,
Paris, 97, Quai D'Orsay.

* * * * *


=President= - Dr. Alfred Ploëtz, Gundelinden Str., 5, Munchen.


The Committee of the International Society for Race Hygiene.

* * * * *


=President= - Professor Alfredo Niceforo, 54, Via Ara Coeli, Rome.


Professors Corrado Gini, Achille Loria, Roberto Michels, Enrico
Morselli, Sante de Sanctis, Giuseppe Sergi, V. Ginffrida-Ruggeri.

First International Eugenics Congress


Wednesday, July 24th, to Tuesday, July 30th, 1912.

=General Arrangements for the Meeting.=

An invitation circular has been widely circulated to all members of
Eugenic and Heredity Societies in Europe and America, and to many
other persons likely to be interested in the approaching Congress.
Through that circular the objects and general plan of the Congress have
been made widely known. Copies may still be had on application to the

The following arrangements have now been definitely made.

=Place of Meeting.= The Meetings of the Congress will be held in the
Great Hall of the University of London, Imperial Institute Road, South
Kensington, London, S.W., which is easily reached from South Kensington
Station on the Underground Railway, and by omnibus from all parts of
London. (In wet weather those travelling by rail can avail themselves
of the subway).

=Headquarters of the Congress.= Until Tuesday, July 23rd, the
headquarters and offices of the Congress will remain at 6, York
Buildings, Adelphi, W.C. (close to Charing Cross Station), where all
information will be supplied and tickets issued. Office hours 10-30
a.m. to 5 p.m. On and after Wednesday, July 24th, the headquarters
will be transferred to the University of London, South Kensington. If
arrangements for hotels or for lodgings have not been made previously,
members arriving on and after July 24th are recommended to leave their
luggage in the "Cloak Room" at the railway station and come to the
office of the Congress, at London University, South Kensington, for

=Correspondence.= From July 24th to 30th, Members and Associates of
the Congress may have their letters addressed to them at the First
International Eugenics Congress, c/o The University of London, South
Kensington, S.W., where special postal facilities will be provided. All
invitations to Receptions, etc., will be distributed in this way.

=Languages.= It has been decided that in the Meetings and Discussions
the English, French, German, and Italian languages shall be on an
equal footing. At the same time it is right to point out that in all
Congresses the number of Members speaking and understanding only the
language of the country in which they are held has been far in excess
of those conversant with several languages; therefore those who speak
in English on the present occasion will be most widely understood. The
abstract of every paper which is received in time by the Secretary will
be translated into English, French, and German. Pamphlets containing
the abstracts in these languages will be available on July 24th at the
University Buildings. Members wishing for advance copies should notify
the fact to the Secretaries, and state clearly in what language they
are required, and to what address they should be sent.

=Stewards.= A number of Stewards acting as interpreters will be in
attendance; the languages spoken being indicated by rosettes of the
following colours: - Red, French; Blue, German; Green, Italian.

=Hotels, etc.= The Organising Committee is prepared to book rooms in
advance for intending Members. Lists of hotels and the accommodation
vouchers have been sent out to all Members with their membership
cards. Any Member wishing to pay his membership fee on arrival can on
application obtain an accommodation voucher in advance.

=To make certain of securing the accommodation desired, it is essential
that accommodation vouchers duly filled in should reach the office not
later than July 10th.=

=Tickets of Membership.= In order to take advantage of the reduced
fares offered by the railway companies (see below), the official
Congress ticket must be produced when paying the fare. The subscription
entitling to membership of the Congress is £1 sterling; for an
Associate it is 10/-. Members may obtain additional tickets for
ladies at the cost of 10/- each. These additional ladies' tickets are
transferable to ladies. Associates are entitled to all the privileges
of Members, except that they have no vote in the meetings and will
not receive a copy of the Report when published. The tickets of all
Members and Associates who pay in advance will be forwarded to their
addresses before the commencement of the Congress. A limited number
of Day Membership Cards at 5/- each will be obtainable from the
Secretary's Office in the Marble Hall during the Congress. These cards
admit to both the morning and afternoon sessions, but do not carry the
privileges of voting and hospitality.

=Inaugural Banquet.= An Inaugural Banquet will be held at the Hotel
Cecil on Wednesday, July 24th, at 7 p.m., at which all the officials
of the Congress and readers of papers will be the guests of the
Entertainments Committee. Members of the Congress can obtain tickets at
7/6 each, from the Hon. Secretary, Entertainments Committee, 30, York
Terrace, Harley Street, London, W. Speeches of welcome will be made by
the President, the Lord Mayor of London, the Rt. Hon. A. J. Balfour,
and others. The Banquet will be followed by a Reception to which all
Members and Associates of the Congress will be invited.

=Railway Arrangements.= Important concessions have been made by a
number of Railway Companies to Members and Associates of the Congress.
On the railways of Russia, Austria-Hungary, Germany, Switzerland and
Holland, no reductions will be allowed; but by taking tickets to a
station in Belgium or France, near the frontier, reductions may be
secured by groups of not less than 20 visitors travelling together
from those countries for the rest of their journey. =In all cases
it is necessary to produce the Congress Membership Ticket before
receiving railway tickets at reduced rates; and arrangements MUST be
made in advance, 14 days' notice being required. Persons desiring
to take advantage of these concessions must therefore forward their
subscriptions at once; and immediately on receipt of their membership
ticket should communicate with the Secretary of their country= (see
page 3). In the following list the countries most distant from London
are mentioned first: -

=Italy.= The P.L.M. Company will grant a reduction of 50% to Members
coming from Italy via Modane.

At the time of issuing this notice definite information regarding
reduced rates on the Italian State Railways is not to hand.

=Germany.= Members from Germany desiring to obtain reduced rates are
requested to communicate, through their Secretary, with the General
Agent of the South Eastern and Chatham Railway Office in Cologne (6
Domhof). Provided at least 20 Members travel together on the journey
to London, arrangements can be made for reduced fares at 50% reduction
from the Belgian or from the Dutch Frontier to London and back. At
least 14 days' notice must be given to secure these facilities.

=Belgium.= If at least 20 members travel together, a reduction of about
50% is granted. Members are requested to communicate, through the
Secretary of their country, with the General Agent of the South Eastern
and Chatham Railway in Brussels (19, rue de la Regence).

=France.= On presentation of their Congress Cards, members attending
the Congress will be able to obtain at Paris (Gare du Nord) special 15
day return tickets to London via Calais-Dover or Boulogne-Folkestone at
the following fares: -

1st Class. - 72f. 85c. 2nd Class. - 46f. 85c. 3rd Class. - 37f. 50c.
available from July 22nd.

These tickets are available by the following trains: -

Paris (Nord) dep. 8-25 a.m. 3-05 p.m. 9-20 p.m.
London (Charing Cross) arr. 3-25 p.m. 10-45 p.m. 5-43 a.m.
(B) (B) (C)

(B) via Boulogne-Folkestone.
(C) via Calais-Dover.

Special arrangements can be made for reserved accommodation to be
provided for groups. The above-mentioned tickets can also be obtained
at the Paris Office of the South Eastern and Chatham Railway (14 Rue du
4 Septembre), but the Congress vouchers must be presented at the time
in either case.

_Another Route_ - From Paris (St. Lazare) special 15 day return tickets
to London via Dieppe-Newhaven at the following fares: -

1st Class. - 47f. 20c. 2nd Class. - 36f. 40c.

These tickets are available for the following trains: -
Paris (St. Lazare) dep. 10-20 a.m. 9-00 p.m.
London (Victoria) arr. 7-40 p.m. 7-50 a.m.

=Great Britain.= All the British Railways have very kindly granted
exceptional facilities to members of the Congress. Return tickets for
the price of a single fare and a third, lasting from July 23rd to 30th,
will be issued from all stations in the United Kingdom on presentation
of the Congress voucher at the Booking Office.

* * * * *

Members wishing to return to their homes outside London daily, must
apply for separate vouchers for each day if the distance is more than
50 miles. If however the member resides within that distance, the
usual sleeping-out arrangements will apply, _i.e._, that tickets at
a single fare and a third for the double journey may be issued (upon
production of cards of membership or letters of invitation), from the
town where the Conference is being held to places where the delegates
reside. The minimum fare will be 1/-.

=Stations Of Arrival.= Passengers travelling from the Continent by the
South Eastern and Chatham Railway, arrive at Victoria or Charing Cross
Stations according to the train service selected. Passengers by the
Great Eastern Railway arrive at Liverpool Street Station; and those
by the London, Brighton, and South Coast Railway arrive at Victoria

=Hospitality Bureau.= During the meeting of the Congress there will be
many entertainments in the form of receptions, dinners, afternoon and
evening parties, for which there will be invitations to Members and
Associates of the Congress. In most cases the number to be entertained
is limited, and it is desirable that the Secretaries should have as
complete a list of members as possible to submit to the hosts.

All =Officials of the Congress=, and =Readers of Papers=,
and =Delegates=, will shortly receive invitations to the various
entertainments mentioned in the programme.

_Members should apply at the Hospitality Bureau in the Marble Hall on
arrival_, as the number that can attend each function is limited, and
cards will be issued to members in order of application.

A limited number of Tickets for the Zoological Gardens, tickets to hear
debates in the House of Commons, and invitations to tea on the Terrace
of the House of Commons, etc., will also be available.

The German Athenæum Club has very kindly signified its willingness to
accord the privilege of Hon. Membership of the Club to German Readers
of Papers and Members of the German Consultative Committee, and to a
limited number of German Members of the Congress.


The Organising Committee feel that the interest and usefulness of the
Congress will be greatly increased by the usual sectional plan being
departed from, so that all papers can be discussed in general sittings.
This plan will necessarily limit the time available for papers, but, on
the other hand, it will allow the interest of all members to be focused
on each question to be considered. To enable the maximum amount of work
to be done in the time available, the following arrangements have been
made: -

=Papers.= The reader of each paper will be allowed 25 minutes in which
to give a summary of his paper and to reply to criticisms. A certain
time, limited at the discretion of the Chairman, will then be allowed
for discussion (maximum time - 20 minutes).

Should the reader of a paper not desire to exercise his right of reply
he may devote the whole 25 minutes to his opening summary.

If, on the other hand, he prefers to reserve a longer time for reply he
must reduce the length of his opening remarks, bearing in mind that the
whole time at his disposal for the two speeches will be 25 minutes.

=Discussions.= All discussions are under the absolute control of
the Chairman, who will regulate the length of time allotted to each
discussion, and to each speaker in that discussion. The Chairman will
ring a bell one minute before each speech must end. After the bell is
rung a second time the next speaker will be called. The maximum time
allotted to the discussion on each single paper is twenty minutes, - to
each single speaker, seven minutes.

The names of persons wishing to speak must be handed up to the Chairman
before the conclusion of the speech opening the Discussion.

=Badges.= A button badge, consisting of a reproduction of the head of
Sir Francis Galton, will be presented to every Member and Associate.

A silvered medal with ribbon and clasp will be presented to members
of the Consultative Committees, Readers of Papers and Government
Delegates. Distinctive colours will be as follows: -

_Organizing and Consultative Committees_ Medal and Red Ribbon.
_Readers of Papers_ " " White "
_Stewards_ " " Yellow "
_Executive Committee_ " " Blue "

The medals with green ribbons will be on sale, price 1/- each, to all
Members and Associates.


This programme will be adhered to as closely as possible, but the
Executive Committee reserve the power to make any alterations which
circumstances may render necessary.


[Sidenote: 10 a.m.]

The Offices of the Congress will be opened at the University of London,
South Kensington.

Members and Delegates are requested to call during the day, to sign
the register and enter their address, and to obtain invitations to the
Receptions, Dinners, etc.

[Sidenote: 3 p.m.]

A Meeting of the Congress Executive Committee will be held in the
Senate Room. The Congress Executive consists of the President,
Secretary, and two members of each of the Consultative Committees,
and the President, Secretary and two members of the British Executive

Business: -

The arrangement of the agenda for the Business Meeting on the 27th.

[Sidenote: 7 p.m.]

=Reception bu the President= of the guests to the =Inaugural Banquet=
at the Hotel Cecil, Strand. The Banquet commences at 7-30 p.m.
punctually. Speeches will be made by the President, The Lord Mayor of
London, Mr. A. J. Balfour and others.

All Officers of the Congress, Readers of Papers, Presidents and
Secretaries of Branches of the Eugenics Education Society, are the
_guests of the Hospitality Committee_. Ordinary Members of the Congress
may attend (tickets, 7s. 6d. each, exclusive of wine) and may take one
friend on the same terms. The maximum seating capacity of the hall
is 400 and only a limited number of seats are available. =To prevent
disappointment early application for tickets should be made on the form
on page 25, to the Hon. Secretary, Mrs. Alec Tweedie, Entertainments
Committee, 30, York Terrace, Harley Street, W.=

[Sidenote: 9-45 p.m.]

Reception of welcome to all Members and Associates of the Congress at
the Hotel Cecil to meet the delegates and others who have attended the
Inaugural Banquet.


Biology and Eugenics.



[Sidenote: 10 a.m.]

Opening of the Congress.

Presidential Address.

[Sidenote: 10-30 a.m.]

"Le Cosidette Leggi Dell 'Ereditarieta Nell' Uomo." (The So-called Laws
of Heredity in Man.)

V. Guiffrida-Ruggeri, Professor of Anthropology, Naples. Speakers in
discussion Professor J. A. Thomson, Dr. Apert.

[Sidenote: 11-15 a.m.]

"The Inheritance of Fecundity."

Raymond Pearl, Ph. D. Biologist of the Maine Experiment Station, Orono,


[Sidenote: 12 noon.]

"Variation and Heredity in Man."

L. Sergi, Professor of Anthropology, Rome. Discussion opened by Dr.

[Sidenote: 12-45 p.m.]

"On the Increase of Stature in certain European Populations."

Soren Hansen, M.D., Director of the Danish Anthropological Committee,

Luncheon Interval.

[Sidenote: 1-15 p.m.]

Cold Lunch will be provided at the University for all Readers of
Papers and Members of the Congress Executive Committee who give in
their names at the Secretary's table before 11-30 a.m. A few places
will be available (Lunch, 2/-) for ordinary members of the Congress.
Application for seats should be made at the Secretary's table before
noon. (A list of neighbouring restaurants will be found on page 27).



[Sidenote: 2-30 p.m.]

"Eugenics and Genetics."

R. C. Punnett, F.R.S., Professor of Biology, Cambridge University.

Discussion opened by Professor W. Bateson.

[Sidenote: 3-15 p.m.]

"The Inheritance of Epilepsy."

David F. Weeks, M.D.,

Medical Superintendent and Executive Officer of the New Jersey State
Village for Epileptics, U.S.A.

(_These papers will be illustrated by Lantern Slides_).

[Sidenote: 4 p.m.]

"La Psicologia Etrica e la Scienca Eugenistica."

(Ethnic Psychology and the Science of Eugenics).

Professor Enrico Morselli, Director of the Clinic for Mental and
Nervous Diseases, Royal University, Genoa.


[Sidenote: 4-45 p.m.]

"Influence de l'age des Parents sur les Caractères Psycho-Physique des

(The Influence of Parental Age on the Psycho-Physiological Characters
of Children).

Professor Antonio Marro,

Director of the Lunatic Asylum, Turin.

Discussion opened by Dr. Ewart.


[Sidenote: 9-30 p.m.= ]

Her Grace the Duchess of Marlborough will hold a Reception at
Sunderland House, Curzon Street. (The card of invitation should be
given up at the door).

=Officials= and =Delegates=, _who receive their cards in advance_, are
requested to return them at once to the Hon. Secretary, Entertainments
Committee, 30, York Terrace, Harley Street, W., _if they do not intend
to be present_.

=Ordinary Members= of the Congress are requested on their arrival
in London to _apply at the Hospitality Bureau_, at the University for
the invitation card.


Practical Eugenics.



[Sidenote: 10 a.m.]

Considérations Générales sur "La Puériculture avant la Procreation."

(General Considerations on "Education before Procreation.")

Professor Adolphe Pinard, Member of the Paris Medical Academy.


[Sidenote: 10-45 p.m.]

"The Bearing of Neo-Malthusianism upon Race Hygiene."

Dr. Alfred Ploëtz, President, International Society for Race Hygiene.

Discussion opened by Dr. Drysdale.

[Sidenote: 11-30 a.m.]

"Rapport sur l'organisation Pratique de l'Action Eugénique."

(Report on the Practical Organisation of Eugenic Action).

Dr. Louis Querton, Professor of the "Université Libre," Brussels.

[Sidenote: 11-50 a.m.]

Discussion opened by Dr. C. W. Saleeby.

[Sidenote: 12-35 p.m.]

"Marriage and Eugenics."

Dr. C. B. Davenport, Director Eugenics Record Office, U.S.A.

[Sidenote: 1-15 p.m.]


[Footnote G: For arrangements see pages 10 and 27.]



[Sidenote: 2-30 p.m.]

"Preliminary Report to the First International Eugenics Congress of
the Committee of the Eugenics Section American Breeders' Association
to Study and Report as to the Best Practical Means for cutting off the
Defective Germ Plasm in the Human Population."

Mr. Bleecker van Wagenen, Chairman of Committee.

(_This paper will be illustrated by Lantern Slides_).

Discussion to be opened by Sir John Macdonnell.

[Sidenote: 3-45 p.m.]

"Eugénique Sélection et Déterminisme des Tarés."

(Eugenic Selection and Elimination of Defectives).

Frederic Houssay, Professor of Science, University, Paris.


[Sidenote: 4-30 p.m.]



[Sidenote: 5 p.m.]

The Lord Mayor of London will receive the Members of the Congress at
the Mansion House, between the hours of 5 and 7 p.m., when the suites
of rooms will be on view.

[Sidenote: 10 p.m.]

The American Ambassador and Mrs. Whitelaw Reid are giving a Reception
to the Members of the Congress at Dorchester House, Park Lane, at 10

(_For directions as to invitation cards see page 11, at foot_).


Education and Eugenics.



[Sidenote: 10 a.m.]

"Eugenics and the New Social Consciousness."

G. Smith, Professor of Sociology, Minnesota University, U.S.A.

Discussion to be opened by Mrs. MacCoy Irwin.

[Sidenote: 10-45 a.m.]

"Practicable Eugenics in Education."

Dr. F. C. S. Schiller, Oxford University.

A Discussion will be arranged in which it is hoped several well-known
Educationalists, including Professor Sadler and Dr. Georges Schreiber
will participate.

[Sidenote: 1 p.m.]


[Footnote H: For arrangements see pages 10 and 27.]

[Sidenote: 3 p.m.]


=Business Agenda.=

To be issued after the Meeting of the Congress Executive Committee on

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 14

Online LibraryVariousAbstracts of Papers Read at the First International Eugenics Congress → online text (page 14 of 15)