Birds and All Nature, Vol. VI, No. 5, December 1899 online

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reached, which it takes out with its tongue. Hazel nuts are a favorite
dainty with it. Bitter kernels, like almonds, for instance, are poison
to it; two bitter almonds are sufficient to kill it.

When food is abundant the squirrel lays by stores for less plenteous
times. In the forests of southeastern Siberia it stores away mushrooms.
"They are so unselfish," says Radde, "that they do not think of hiding
their supply of mushrooms, but pin them on the pine needles or in larch
woods on the small twigs. There they leave the mushrooms to dry, and
in times of scarcity of food these stores are of good service to some
roaming individual of their kind."

Four weeks after the breeding-season the female gives birth to from
three to seven young, in the softest, best located nest; the little
ones remain blind for nine days and are tenderly nurtured by the
mother. After they have been weaned the parents leave the young to
their fate. They remain together for a while, play with each other and
soon acquire the habits of their parents. By June it is said the female
has another family, and when they also are so far grown up that they
can roam around with her, she frequently joins her first litter, and
one may see the entire band, sometimes consisting of from twelve to
sixteen members, gamboling about in the same part of a wood.

The squirrel is a very cleanly animal, licking and dressing its fur

The finest squirrel skins come from Siberia, and the farther east they
are procured the darker and more valuable they are. The back and under
part of the furs are used separately. Russia and Siberia annually
furnish from six to seven million skins, valued at about one million
dollars. Most of these skins are manufactured in Russia and exported to
China. Besides the skins, the tails are employed as boas, and the hair
of the tail makes good painters' brushes. The flesh is white, tender,
and savory, and is much esteemed by epicures.



Very demure is the soft gray of the catbird's garb, but under it is
hidden a spirit ever ready for frolic and fun. His liquid, shining eyes
are very innocent, yet they are full of mischief. He always looks to me
as if he had a secret - one, however, that he is willing to share with
any friendly looker-on. Not even the chat takes a more genuine delight
in sport. Hide-and-seek is a favorite game with the whole tribe, and
in their shadowy gray, how they glide through the branches and lurk in
the thick leaves! What mischievous peering out, sometimes clinging to
a tree-trunk like a nuthatch, sometimes sitting absolutely still and
almost invisible on a bend of a crooked bough! When discovered, a wild
and reckless chase ensues; they skim in rapid flight over the level
fields, or dash through the shrubbery in excited pursuit.

The catbird dearly loves to tease. I often saw one hide near the
approach to an orchard oriole's nest, watching him with shining eyes of
mischief. He never actually molested the oriole, and would fly away to
some slender, swinging twig, after he had succeeded in startling the
nest owner into a state of nervous alarm, so that he would complain
to his mate for a half hour. The little scamp seemed thoroughly to
enjoy his fright. He has keen vision, and darts down with wonderful
swiftness on a worm far below his perch, while he can wheel and
turn with surprising ease in pursuit of any victim. One of his most
amusing performances is the way in which he nips off a shining, juicy
blackberry with his sharp beak, glancing at you as if to ask, "Did you
want that? You can't have it," and presto! the prize vanishes down
his throat, and he hops to another cluster with an air of triumph. I
love the little fellow in spite of his squawks and whims and naughty
tricks. He looks so neat and trim with his soft gray and velvety black,
and has such a pretty way of running along a bough with quick, short,
pattering steps like a little child's, and such lovely, clear, musical
tones when he chooses to be good, that it is hard to resist him. He has
also a very warm heart for his mate and nestlings, and for his comrades
as well. A gentleman relates that on one occasion, going too near a
catbird's nest, the little owner aroused the others by his sharp cries,
and they made such an attack upon him that he had to defend his face
with his hat. They fear nothing when the nest is in danger.

The first alarm-note is usually a sort of _cluck! cluck!_ - rather low
and anxious. I saw my nephew one day take a young bird just out of
the nest in his hand. Instantly the parents flew to him with their
disturbed note. He put it down and went away, and a gray cat appeared.
The place rang with the anguished cries of _snake! snake!_ and the
"taunt song," for so it seemed, was taken up by others in the depths of
the woods. We did not succeed in saving all the brood from the stealthy
cat, and it was pitiful to hear the birds lamenting. In a frenzy the
mother-bird drove off furiously a Carolina wren that came to see what
the trouble was, and even a female cardinal, that added _her_ cries of
resentment at her rough handling, until the whole bird world seemed
in turmoil. The male cardinal appeared to answer his mate in soothing
tones, but neither approached again the mourning catbirds.

Last summer there was a most beautiful singer in my neighborhood that
added to his own melodies a marvelous mimicry of other birds. In
one morning I have heard him repeat over and over the _aoli_ of the
wood thrush, the cardinal's notes, the songs of the indigo bird, the
Maryland yellow-throat, the yellow-throated vireo, and the orchard
oriole. Sometimes there would be a contest in song between the oriole
and the catbird. The first was always the one to cease first, but each
usually looked very dissatisfied - a ruffled ball of feathers at the end.

The loveliest experience was hearing on a spring morning a song so
liquid, so sweet, so varied, and yet so low, scarce above a whisper,
that it seemed a dream. I stole to the window - and there sat my little
bright-eyed singer in shadowy gray, singing, as if all to himself, a



Animals, Pet. As Causes of Disease, 26

Animals, When, Are Seasick, 192

Babies, Wee, 161

Bats in Burmese Caves, 32

Bee and the Flower, 164

Beetles, 92-94

Bird, The Flown, 61

Bird Lovers, Two, 212

Bird Notes, 187

Bird Study, The Psychology of, 53

Bird Worth Its Weight in Gold, 206

Birds, Accidents to, 77

Birds, Mounting of, 86

Birds, Honey, 116

Birds and Ornithologists, 80

Birds, Nebraska's Many, 84

Birds in Town, 89

Birds, Twilight, 67

Birds Gathered His Almond Crop, 228

Birds, Young Wild, 71

Birds, Traveling, 73

Birdland, Stories from, 229

Birdland, The Tramps of, 195

Bobolink, 215

Boy, Little, What the Wood Fire said to a, 173

Canaries, 166-167

Canon of the Colorado, The Grand, 106-107, 120

Charley and the Angleworm, 12

Cheeper, A Sparrow Baby, 103

Chewink, 158-160

Child-Study Literature. A Contribution to, 85

Chipmunk, The, 177-179

Christmas Once Is Christmas Still, 233

Coca, 202-203

Color Photograph, A Study of, the 216

Common Minerals and Valuable Ores, 191

Cowbird, 224-225

Cruelty, The Badge of, 128

Cuba and the Sportsman, 140

December, 229

Dog, The Pointer, 49-51

Earth, How Formed, 110-111

Eggs, Birds', Why and Wherefore of the Colors of, 152

Emperor's Bird's Nest, The, 48

Fashion's Clamor, 200

Feather, Changes in Color, 2

Finns, Bird Lore of the Ancient, 186

Flower, the Bee and the, 164

Forests, 97-99

Fowls, Farm-yard, 118-119

Hawk, John's, 42

Hawk, Red-tailed, 208-209

Home, Returning, 115

Humming Bird, A Rare, 145

In Orders Gray, 237

Indirection, 23

Insect Life Underground, 92-94

Iron Ores, 189-191

Jim and I, 149

June, A Day in, 8

Lady's Slipper, The, 146-148

Lilies, Water, 82-83

Lurlaline, 85

Lyre Bird, 218-219

Marbles, 62-63

Mandioca, 72

Maryland Yellow Throat, 214-215

Mayflowers, The, 37

Minerals, 74-75

Mississippi, The, 174

My Neighbor in the Apple Tree, 1

Narcissus, The, 198-199

Nature, Accordance of, 80

Nature Study; How a Naturalist Is Trained, 41

Nature Study in the Public Schools, 79

Nest, A Metal Bird's, 32

Nest Story of a, 188

Niagara Falls, 142-143

Oak, The Brave Old,102

Oil Wells, 122-123

Oologists, A Suggestion to, 20

Optimus, 109

Ores, 70-71

Ovenbird. The; Golden-crowned Thrush, 90

Park, Forest, 61

Paroquet, The, 169

Paroquet, Carolina, 170-171

Peach, The, 182-183

Perch, The Yellow, 86-87

Philippine Islands, Plant Products of the, 115

Pictures, The Influence of, 78

Plant, A Fly-catching, 29

Pointer, The, 49-51

Prophet, Ted's Weather, 180

Raven and the Dove, 36

Rocks, Terraced, Yellowstone Park, 110

Robert and Peepsy, 221

Rooster, That, 132

Rooster and Hen, 118

Science, Out-Door, 24

Sea-Children, The, 79

Seal, Threatened Extermination of the Fur, 181

Seasick, When Animals Are, 192

Shells and Shell Fish, 58-59

Squirrel, European, 234-235

Sportsman, Cuba and the, 140

St. Silverus, Legend of, 228

Stanton, Elizabeth Cady, Letter from, 77

Summer, Indian, 176

Swan, White, 84

Taffy and Tricksey, 17

Thrush, The Hermit, 104

Tea, 154-155

Towhee, 158-160

Trees, Awesome, 67

Trees, Curious, 44

Trees and Eloquence, 30

Transplanting, A, 210

Trout, Brook, 135-139

Viceroy, Transformatian of the, 183

Warbler, Black-Throated Blue, 46-48

Warbler, Blue-Winged Yellow, 22

Warbler, Chestnut-Sided, 38-41

Warbler, Golden-Winged, 26

Warbler, Maryland Yellow-Throat, 214-215

Warbler, Mourning, 34-35

Warbler, Myrtle, 14-15

Warbler, Western Yellow-throat, 10-11

Whip-poor-will, The, 66

Wildcat, 230-233

Winter Time, 212

Wish-ton-wish, 162

Wood, The Edge of the, 68

Woodpecker, How It Knows, 144

Woodpecker, Pileated, 217

Woods, Our Native, 205

Woods, Polished, 130-131


=Figures in black-faced type indicate Illustrations.=

Acorns, Two. Vol. v, 210

African Folk Lore. Vol. iv, 12

Ah Me! Vol. iv, 113

Alaska, Birds of. Vol. iv, 95

Almond. Vol. v, 26, =27=

Almond, Flowering. Vol. iv, 193, 195

All Nature. Vol. iv, 37

Anhinga, or Snake Bird. Vol. ii, =26=, 27

Animal World, In the. Vol. iv, 136

Animals and Music. Vol. iv, 159
Among. Vol. v, 185
Count, Can? Vol. iv, 180
Hibernation of. Vol. v, 84
Pet, as Causes of Disease. Vol. vi, 26
Rights. Vol. iv, 225
Some Propensities of. Vol. iv, 81
Taming the Smaller Wild. Vol. v, 127
The Talk of. Vol. iv, 140
Water and. Vol. iv, 84
When, Are Seasick. Vol. vi, 192

Antelope, The Pigmy. Vol. iv, =94=, 95

Apple Blossoms, Vol. iv, =36=
Blossom Time. Vol. iii, 153

Arbutus, The Trailing. Vol. v, 229

Armadillo. Vol. iv, 146, =147=
As a Pet. Vol. iv, 12

Athena, the Birth of. Vol. v, 29

Audubon, John James. Vol. ii, 161
Society, One. Vol. iii, 234

Autumn. Vol. iv, 132

Aviaries. Vol. iii, 121-122

Avocet, American. Vol. ii, 14, =15=

Azalea, The. Vol. v, =143=

Azamet, the Hermit, and His Dumb Friends. Vol. iv. 33

Babies, Wee. Vol. vi, 161
Baboon. Vol. v, 217, =218=

Bat, Black. Vol. iv, =170=, 171
The Hoary. Vol. v, =166=, 167
Red. Vol. iv, =170=, 171

Bats in Burmese Caves. Vol. vi, 32
Tame. Vol. iv, 168

Bee and the Flower. Vol. vi, 164

Bees, About. Vol. v, 17

Beetles. Vol. vi, 92, =94=

Bird, A Little. Vol. iv, 162
Courtships. Vol. iv, 164
Day. Vol. iii, 82
Day in the Schools. Vol. i, 129
Life, Destruction of. Vol. v, 109
Lovers, Some. Vol. iii, 81
Lovers, Two. Vol. vi, 212
Miscellany. Vol. ii, 195, 235
Notes. Vol. vi, 187
of Paradise, the King. Vol. iv, 124, =126=, 127

Bird, Only a. Vol. iii, 73
Study, The Psychology of. Vol. vi, 53
Superstitious. Vol. iii, 132, 172
Song. vi Vol. i, 187
Song. Vol. ii, 1, 41, 81
Songs of Memory. Vol. iii, 124
Study, The Fascinations of. Vol. iii, 164
The Flown. Vol. vi, 61
The Mound. Vol. iii, 114
Worth Its Weight in Gold. Vol. vi, 206

Birds. Vol. iv, 168

Birds, Accidents to. Vol. vi, 77
and Animals of the Philippines. Vol. iv, 48
and Farmers. Vol. i, 213
and Ornithologists. Vol. vi, 80
Answer. Vol. iii, 83
as Shepherds. Vol. v, 20
Carry Seeds, How. Vol. v, 37
Defense of Some. Vol. v, 211
Foreign Song Birds in Oregon. Vol. iii, 123
Foretell Marriage. Vol. iv, 16
Gathered His Almond Crop. Vol. vi, 228
Hints on the Study of Winter. Vol. iii, 109
Honey. Vol. vi, 116
in Captivity. Vol. ii, 121
Interesting Facts About. Vol. iii, 100
in the Schools. Vol. iii, 20
in Garden and Orchard. Vol. iv, 153
in Storms. Vol. iv, 163
in the Iliad. Vol. iv, 234
in Town. Vol. vi, 89
Migratory. Vol. v, 37
Mentioned in the Bible. Vol. iv, 48
Mounting of. Vol. vi, 86
Nebraska's Many. Vol. vi, 84
of Alaska. Vol. iv, 95
of Bethlehem. Vol. ii, 223
of Passage. Vol. ii, 173
of Prey, Useful. Vol. iv, 88
Pairing in Spring. Vol. iii, 189
Reasoning Powers of. Vol. iv, 43
Story. Vol. ii, 224
Sleeping-places of. Vol. iv, 164
that Do Not Sing. Vol. v, 188
The Return of the. Vol. i, 101
Traveling. Vol. vi, 73
Twilight. Vol. vi, 67
Wild, in London. Vol. iv, 92
Young Wild. Vol. vi, 71

Birdland, Stories from. Vol. vi, 229
The Tramps of. Vol. vi, 195

Bittern, Least. Vol. iii, =46=, 47

Black Bird, Red-winged. Vol. i, 64, =69=, 71

Blue Bird. Vol. i, 75, =76=, 78, 96
Mountain. Vol. ii, =203=, 205

Blue Bird, The. Vol. v, =181=
The First. Vol. v, 181

Boarder, A Transient. Vol. v, 101

Bobolink. Vol. i, 92, =93=, 94

Bobolink. Vol. vi, 215

Bobolink's Song. Vol. iv, 61

Bob White. Vol. iii, 16, =18=, 19, 34

Boy, Little, What the Wood Fire said to the. Vol. vi, 173

Brazil Nut. Vol. v, 26, =27=

Brook, A Book by the. Vol. iv, 39

Buddha, The Youth of. Vol. iii, 237

Bunting, Indigo. Vol. i, =172=
Lazuli. Vol. ii, 196, =198=, 199

Butterflies. Vol. iv., =63=, =103=, =145=, =183=, 223
Love to Drink. Vol. iv, 182
Are Protected, How. Vol. iv, 62

Butterfly, The. Vol. iv, 142
Trade, The. Vol. iv, 22

Butternut, The. Vol. v, =94=, 96

Cactus. Vol. iv, =210=, 211

Canaries. Vol. vi, =166=, 167

Canon of the Colorado, The Grand. Vol. vi, =106=, 107, 120

Captives Escape. Vol. ii, 116

Catbird. Vol. i, 183, 184, =186=

Charity of Bread Crumbs, The. Vol. v, 115

Charley and the Angleworm. Vol. vi, 12

Chat, Yellow-breasted. Vol. ii, 236, =238=, 239, Vol. iv, 149

Cheeper, a Sparrow Baby. Vol. vi, 103

Chestnut. Vol. v, 26, =27=

Chewink. Vol. vi, =158=

Chickadee, Black-capped. Vol. i, 161, =165=, 168

Child-Study Literature, A Contribution to. Vol. vi, 85

Chimney Swift. Vol. ii, =131=, 133

Chimpanzee. Vol. v, 1, =2=

Chipmunk, The. Vol. vi, =177=, 179

Christmas Once Is Christmas Still. Vol. vi, 233
Trees. Vol. iv, 220

Christmas, Where Missouri Birds Spend. Vol. iii, 84

Cineraria. Vol. v, =236=

Cloves. Vol. v, 121, 122

Coca. Vol. vi, =202=, 203

Cock of the Rock. Vol. i, =19=, 21

Cocoa-nut. Vol. v, =94=, 95

Cockatoo, Rose. Vol. iii. 29, 30, =31=

Coffee. Vol. v, 197, 204-210, =207=

Color Photographs and Conversation Lessons. Vol. iv, 194

Color Photograph, A Study of the. Vol. vi, 216

Common Minerals and Valuable Ores. Vol. vi, =189=, 191

Constantinople, From. Vol. iv, 158

Contentment. Vol. iii, 163

Cony, The. Vol. v, =202=, 203

Coot, American. Vol. iii, 96, =98=, 99

Count, Can Animals? Vol. iv, 180

Cowbird. Vol. vi, =224=

Coyote. Vol. iv, =50=, 51

Crane, Sandhill. Vol. v, =46=, 47
Queer Doings of a. Vol. iii, 44

Creeper, Brown. Vol. iii, 212, =214=, 215

Crossbill, American. Vol. i, 126, =127=

Crow, American. Vol. i, 97, 98, =100=

Cruelty, The Badge of. Vol. vi, 128

Crusade, The Feather. Vol. v, 221

Cuba and the Sportsman. Vol. vi, 140

Cuckoo, Yellow-billed. Vol. ii, 94, =95=

Dickcissel. Vol. iii, 146, =147=, 149

December. Vol. vi, 229

Dog, The Pointer. Vol. vi, 49, =51=

Duck, Bald Pate. Vol. iii, 48, =50=, 51
Black. Vol. iii, =86=, 87
Canvas-back. Vol. ii, 18, =20=
Farms, Eider. Vol. iii, 113
Golden-eye, American. Vol. iv, =230=
Mallard. Vol. ii, 10, =11=, 13
Mandarin. Vol. i, 8, =9=, 11
Old Squaw. Vol. iii, =223=, 225
Pintail. Vol. iii, 176, =178=, 179
Red Head. Vol. iv, 150, =151=
Wood. Vol. ii, =21=, 23, 24

Dolphin, Bottlenose. Vol. iv, =134=, 135

Dove, Mourning. Vol. ii, 111, 112, =113=
Vol. iii, 204

Doves of Venice. Vol. iii, 100

Eagle, The. Vol. v, 24, 36
Bald-headed. Vol. ii, 2, =3=, 5

Ears. Vol. iv, 121

Earth, How Formed. Vol. vi, =110=

Egg Collecting. Vol. v, 216
What Is an? Vol. iii, 60

Eggs. Vol. iii, 154, =155=, =195=, =235=
Bird's, Why and Wherefore of the Colors of. Vol. vi, 152
of the Birds, Let Us Protect. Vol. iii, 154

Emperor's Bird's Nest, The. Vol. vi, 48

Eyes. Vol. iv, 117

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Online LibraryVariousBirds and All Nature, Vol. VI, No. 5, December 1899 → online text (page 5 of 7)