The American Missionary — Volume 43, No. 11, November, 1889 online

. (page 1 of 5)
Online LibraryVariousThe American Missionary — Volume 43, No. 11, November, 1889 → online text (page 1 of 5)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook

Produced by Cornell University, Joshua Hutchinson, Sandra
Bannatyne and the Online Distributed Proofreading Team.

The American Missionary.

November, 1889.
Volume XLIII. No. 11.

* * * * *



Free Once More
The National Council
The Colored Delegates
The Mohonk Conference
Notes from New England
Death of Superintendent Hall and of Dr. Lane


The South
Educational Work
Church Work
Mountain Work
The Indians
The Chinese
Enlargements and Improvements
Woman's Work
Daniel Hand Fund


Review Of The Year


Woman's Work in North Carolina
Woman's State Organizations


* * * * *

Rooms, 56 Reade Street.

Price, 50 Cents a Year, in Advance.
Entered at the Post Office at New York, N.Y., as Second-Class Matter.

* * * * *

American Missionary Association.



Rev. A.J.F. BEHRENDS, D.D., N.Y.
Rev. F.A. NOBLE, D.D., Ill.
Rev. ALEX. MCKENZIE, D.D., Mass.
Rev. D.O. MEARS, D.D., Mass.

_Corresponding Secretaries._

Rev. M.E. STRIEBY, D.D., _56 Reade Street, N.Y._
Rev. A.F. BEARD, D.D., _56 Reade Street, N.Y._

_Recording Secretary._

Rev. M.E. STRIEBY, D.D., _56 Reade Street, N.Y._


H.W. HUBBARD. Esq., _56 Reade Street, N.Y._



_Executive Committee._


_For Three Years._


_For Two Years._


_For One Year._


_District Secretaries_

Rev. C.J. RYDER, _21 Cong'l House, Boston._
Rev. J.E. ROY, D.D., _151 Washington Sheet, Chicago._
Rev. C.W. HIATT, _64 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, Ohio._

_Financial Secretary for Indian Missions._


_Field Superintendents._


_Secretary of Woman's Bureau._

Miss D.E. EMERSON, _56 Reade St., N.Y._

* * * * *


Relating to the work of the Association may be addressed to the
Corresponding Secretaries; letters for "THE AMERICAN MISSIONARY," to
the Editor, at the New York Office; letters relating to the finances,
to the Treasurer.


In drafts, checks, registered letters, or post-office orders, may be
sent to H.W. Hubbard, Treasurer, 56 Reade Street, New York, or, when
more convenient, to either of the Branch Offices, 21 Congregational
House, Boston, Mass., or 151 Washington Street, Chicago, Ill. A
payment of thirty dollars at one time constitutes a Life Member.

NOTICE TO SUBSCRIBERS. - The date on the "address label," indicates the
time to which the subscription is paid. Changes are made in date on
label to the 10th of each month. If payment of subscription be made
afterward, the change on the label will appear a month later. Please
send early notice of change in post-office address, giving the
former address and the new address, in order that our periodicals and
occasional papers may be correctly mailed.


"I bequeath to my executor (or executors) the sum of - - dollars,
in trust, to pay the same in - - days after my decease to the person
who, when the same is payable, shall act as Treasurer of the 'American
Missionary Association,' of New York City, to be applied, under
the direction of the Executive Committee of the Association, to its
charitable uses and purposes." The Will should be attested by three

* * * * *




* * * * *


At the close of our fiscal year in 1887, we were enabled to utter the
joyful word "Free," no _debt_ darkening our balance sheet. Last
year (1888) we were compelled to moderate our tone and say "Not quite
free," for a balance of $5,641.21 stood on the wrong side of our
ledger. But now, in the good providence of God, we can say "Free once

Our receipts from all sources were $376,216.88; payments, including
debt of last year, $371,745.21, leaving a credit balance of $4,471.67.
For this good result we are in some measure indebted to legacies. But,
under all circumstances, we rejoice in the past and look forward with
hope to the future. The work we have in hand, with its grand results,
as will be seen in the "General Survey" published in this number of
the MISSIONARY, will encourage our friends, and the call there made
for growth and enlargement, will, we are sure, stimulate them to
increased contributions and more earnest prayer. The "Survey" will
also contain a statement of the income and expenditure of the Hand

* * * * *


The gathering of this representative body of the Congregational
churches of this country was the largest ever held. It grappled more
fully than any of its predecessors had done with great questions
touching the missionary and benevolent societies in their relations
to the churches and to each other, and the consolidation of the
missionary magazines. The most exciting topic discussed was that of
the Georgia Congregational Churches, white and colored. The result
reached on this point was that the representatives of two District
Conferences were enrolled, and that the representative of the United
Congregational Conference of Georgia was given a seat as an honorary

* * * * *


The Southern Associations were represented by six colored delegates
in the National Council. Their bearing and ability won the respect and
admiration of the whole Council. They were modest and manly in their
deportment, prudent in their counsels and very eloquent in their
speech. They showed themselves to be the peers of their white
brethren, and demonstrated beyond a question the capacity of the
colored man for the highest intellectual and moral training. They were
a credit to the American Missionary Association, whose pupils they
have been, and were a living and triumphant vindication of its work at
the South.

* * * * *


The seventh annual gathering of this Conference, Oct. 2-5, was the
largest ever assembled. Among those present for the first time were
Ex-President Hayes, Gen. O.O. Howard, Gen. John Eaton, Prof. Wayland
and Dr. Wayland. The newspaper press, religious and secular, was very
fully represented; Abbott, Buckley, Dunning, Gilbert, Ward and Wayland
are perhaps best known. The venerable Judge Strong well represented
the law, while the absence of Senator Dawes was sincerely regretted.

A marked feature of the Conference was the presence of Gen. Morgan,
Commissioner of Indian Affairs. For weeks prior to the meeting of the
Conference, rumors had gone abroad that he intended to abolish the
"contract schools" - that is, schools of the missionary societies which
the Government by a "contract" agrees to assist. Articles had appeared
in the newspapers remonstrating against this course, and it was
believed that this topic would be one of most practical interest in
the Conference. The Commissioner early in the meetings read a paper
outlining his plan for the establishment of Government schools for all
Indian children - the attendance to be compulsory. The omission of
all mention of the "contract schools" in this paper confirmed the
impression to which rumor had given currency. An animated discussion
followed the reading of his paper, in which the Commissioner freely
participated. It appeared that he had been misunderstood - at least
in so far as any immediate curtailment of the "contract schools" is
concerned, and he impressed the Conference warmly in his favor as a
Christian man with broad views, impartial and progressive. He will
meet, we feel sure, with the cordial support of all the societies
engaged in Indian educational work.

The final action of the Conference was embodied in a platform
substantially repeating the utterances of last year, urging national
education for all Indian children and approving the continuance of
"contract schools." Other planks of the platform related to lands in
severalty, to the legal rights of the Indians, etc. - all of which were
unanimously approved, and thus once more this remarkable Conference
followed its predecessors in free and frank debate, consummated by
entire harmony in the result.

The varied and unique scenery of Lake Mohonk was shown at its best by
three days of bright and bracing weather. The welcome of Mr. and Mrs.
Smiley to their increased number of guests, who taxed to the utmost
limits the accommodations of the large establishment, was as cordial
and genial as ever. The hearty and enthusiastic vote of thanks,
the only compensation permitted, was a far less reward than the
gratification of their own benevolent feelings in doing good; and that
gratification is probably to be enhanced by the calling together of
another Conference in the early summer in behalf of a still larger
class of our needy fellow-citizens than the Indians.

* * * * *


A good friend of the American Missionary Association in a New England
village recently greatly stirred up the interest of the people in
behalf of our work, through a missionary society which she organized
among the children. They had meetings for sewing, preparing articles
for a box, and then a fair, in which they sold other articles that
they had made, out of which they gathered a considerable sum of money.
The interest went far beyond the children. A gentleman, not a member
of the church, who had never been interested in missionary work, was
stirred up by the solicitation of the children, and gave both time
and money to their effort. He afterwards said to a good lady who
inaugurated the movement, "I am glad I have given to this cause; it
makes me feel good, and I want to keep right on giving." That is the
way it affects every one when the heart and pocket-book are open to
these missionary objects. It makes them feel good, and stirs up a
desire to continue the process.

* * * * *

The Christian Endeavor Societies of New England are assisting nobly in
the work of the American Missionary Association. One society pledges
itself to support a missionary in our field for a year. Another makes
one of its number a Life Member of our Association, contributing
thirty dollars. Still another brings in a handsome collection recently
taken, and still another devotes the prayer meeting evening to
thorough study upon the work that is being done through the A.M.A.,
in the needy and destitute portions of our country. One young man who
spoke at the last meeting spent a portion of his vacation in studying
up the work among the Highlanders of the South, and gave the results
of his study at their meeting. And why should not this active society
of earnest young people be interested in the great work that is
being accomplished among other young people, painfully in want of
the advantages which those here enjoy? A prayer meeting pledge of the
Y.P.S.C.E., printed in the Sioux language by Indian boys at a Santee
school, is a most interesting evidence that this society is not
confined in its usefulness to any locality or race. A vigorous Society
is one of the elements of work in this Indian school, and a most
useful element. In a letter written by an Indian boy is the following:
"We have a Christian Endeavor Society here. I joined that society not
very long ago, and we have nice meetings on Saturday night. It does
make me feel good in those meetings. There are about thirty members
now." And so these Societies of New England in their prayers for, and
contributions to, the work of the American Missionary Association,
are clasping hands with the same societies among the Negroes, Mountain
people and Indians.

The "King's Daughters" are also a useful agency in the field work
of our Association. A little Indian girl writes interestingly of the
"King's Daughters" of whom she is one.

* * * * *


Just as we are going to press, (October 18th), we are startled by the
telegraphic announcement of the sudden death from typhoid fever of
Prof. Edward S. Hall, one of our Field Superintendents. Mr. Hall had
been one year in the service of the Association, and had already shown
himself to be a man of varied and remarkable capabilities - not only
skilled in the management of schools, but familiar in an unusual
degree with the practical work of building and repairing school and
church edifices. His services have been invaluable to the Association,
and it will be difficult to supply his place. As a man of noble
Christian character and consecration to the work entrusted to him, he
had won our highest esteem.

* * * * *


Rev. Larmon B. Lane, M.D., died at his home in St. Charles, Ill.,
Sept. 15, 1889. He was born in Tallmadge, Ohio, June 21, 1821. He
studied medicine at Cleveland Medical College, and afterward attended
Oberlin College and Theological Seminary, graduating in 1848. The
following year he was sent by the American Missionary Association as
missionary physician to Siam, where he labored faithfully, ministering
to soul and body six years. In 1855 a severe hemorrhage compelled him
to give up the missionary work. After a short rest he began his work
of preaching the gospel. He had successful pastorates in Illinois
and Ohio; afterwards he practiced medicine in Geneva and St. Charles,
Ill., at which latter place he died. He was successful as a physician
and continued to the end a loyal servant of Christ, was deacon,
treasurer and Sunday-school Superintendent, besides being always ready
to do with his might what his hands found to do.


* * * * *



* * * * *


The American Missionary Association finds its commission in the words
of the Master, "Go ye into all the world, and preach the gospel to
every creature."

It does not choose its fields of labor because the people in them are
black, or red, or yellow, or white; but because they are those
for whom Christ died and to whom he commanded the glad tidings of
salvation to be preached. In the fields to which it providentially has
been called, it seeks to bring the gospel to every human being who has
it not in its purity as an uplifting power.

In nineteen States and Territories we are laboring - six in the West
and thirteen in the South. In ninety-four schools and one hundred and
forty-two churches we have been directly teaching and preaching the
gospel during the past year. In them have 456 missionaries wrought
with holy purpose. 12,132 pupils have been taught in our schools; more
than seventeen thousand have received instruction in Bible truth in
our Sunday-schools; 782 conversions have been reported. $3,160.14 have
been reported as given in our mission churches for benevolence, and
$21,658.57 for their own expenses - again over last year of $660.03 in
benevolence and $2,322.62 in church expenses. Besides all this and all
that in various ways has failed to be reported to us, have been
the vacation work of our students, the large work of our previous
graduates, the indirect results of many kinds, and the unknown results
and influences of great power and far-reaching importance which have
gone forth from our institutions and missionaries whose only possible
record is in God's Book of Remembrance.

* * * * *


In the South, we are directly reaching three classes - the colored
people, the mountain whites, and the new settlers from the North and
from the old countries. Indirectly we are reaching many more. The
schools we plant often incite others to plant schools; the houses of
worship we aid in erecting cause others to be erected. A single neat,
but inexpensive building for a country church of colored people has
been known to occasion the building or repairing of at least nine
church buildings of neighboring white people. The incontestably good
results of our work among the colored people are slowly but surely
undermining race prejudice. In spite of all the race trouble during
the past year and the increasingly bitter utterances of some papers
and some public speakers, during no other year in the history of our
country have so many manly words in favor of the Negro been printed in
Southern papers, and sounded from the pulpits and platforms of the
South. It was in a Southern University and before a Southern audience
that a Southern man, a Bishop of a Southern church which took the name
Southern when it declared for slavery, this year uttered these words:

"It is a travesty on religion, this disposition to canonize
missionaries who go to the Dark Continent, while we have
nothing but social ostracism for the white teacher who is
doing a work no less noble at home. The solution to the race
problem rests with the white people who live among the blacks,
and who are willing to become their teachers in a missionary

Cruel and unreasoning is prejudice, but when the public platforms, and
especially the pulpits, begin to yield in their utterances to the sway
of logic and humanity, by and by public opinion will feel their force.
Our institutions and our missionaries have compelled the respect of
the Southern people. This year many expressions of it have been heard.

* * * * *



During the past year we have directly sustained five chartered
institutions in the South - Fisk University, Talladega College,
Tougaloo University, Straight University and Tillotson Institute.
Every year that passes emphasizes anew that these are most wisely
located, so that each is a center of far-reaching power, and
supplements the work of all the others.

Fisk University at Nashville, Tenn., with its 503 students, has had a
year of great prosperity, and solid, telling work. Its buildings have
been full, the quality of the work done has been excellent. A graduate
of Fisk recently took his diploma from an Eastern school of medicine,
with a rank two per cent. higher than any other man in his class.
Another graduate of Fisk is a missionary in Africa under the American
Board, and is not only declared by the Secretaries to be one of its
best missionaries, but has shown such business capacity that he has
been chosen treasurer of his mission. His wife, a worthy helpmeet,
is also a graduate of this institution. Fisk has high ideals - few
institutions in the South have higher ones, or come nearer reaching

Talladega College, in Talladega, Ala., has had 427 students in all
departments. Its year's work has shown most satisfactory results.
Talladega is closely connected with the church work of the State. All
the pastors in the Congregational State Association but four are from
its theological department and several other States have found pastors
there. The last State Association, with its fine body of young men,
educated, dignified and earnest, was a most emphatic demonstration of
the good work done in this institution. The students of Talladega have
carried forward during the past year, under direction of a member
of the Faculty, a systematic mission work in the surrounding
neighborhoods, which has yielded large results, both in the good done
in the neighborhoods and in the training received by the workers for
future usefulness.

Tougaloo University has been filled to overflowing with 343 students,
and after the last inch of room had been filled, scores had to be
turned away. This school is situated almost in the center of the
State, and reaches a far larger region not limited by State lines.
It is near the border of the Yazoo country, which has begun to be so
wondrously developed, and is so rapidly filling with colored people.
The evangelization and enlightenment of this new Africa must largely
come through Tougaloo. Here must be trained preachers, teachers and
other leaders of character for this new region, as well as for the
older portions of the State. Good, solid work has been done here
all through the year, and preparation has been made for even better
results in the future.

Straight University, in New Orleans, La., is peculiarly situated for
an important and far-reaching work. It draws its students not only
from the States, but also from Mexico and the West Indies - 484
last year. With the enlarged accommodations for the primary and
intermediate work which have been planned, this institution will be
better prepared to meet the demands of higher education.

Tillotson Institute, at Austin, Texas, the youngest of our chartered
institutions, has had a prosperous year with 230 students, in the
Primary, Intermediate, Grammar, Normal, College Preparatory and
College departments. Situated at the capital of the great empire of
Texas, it is destined to be an educational, religious and evangelistic
centre, a power for the building up of the kingdom of Christ. It
greatly needs enlarged accommodations. Where is the Lord's steward who
is ready to give it at once the imperatively needed Girls' Hall?


Next to our chartered institutions come our normal schools. These have
the same course of study up to the college department as the chartered
institutions have. These normal schools are eighteen in number, and
are situated at Lexington and Williamsburg, Ky.; Memphis, Jonesboro,
Grand View and Pleasant Hill, Tenn.; Wilmington and Beaufort, N.C.;
Charleston and Greenwood, S.C.; Atlanta, Macon, Savannah, Thomasville
and McIntosh, Ga.; Athens, Mobile and Marion, Ala. Adding to these
the normal departments of our five chartered institutions, gives us
twenty-three normal schools in the South.

Besides these, we have in the South thirty-seven which we class as
common schools. Eight of these are graded, with two or three teachers
each. Nearly all are parochial schools. The teachers are in both the
day schools and the Sunday-schools, and are not only school teachers,
but church missionaries. They train the young of our congregations
for greater usefulness, encourage many of the most promising to go to
higher institutions, teach the parents better ideas of home life, and
lead all ages to a more intelligent and spiritual worship.


Nearly all our schools - chartered, normal and even common - give some
industrial training.

At Fisk, the young men are taught wood-working and printing; the young
women, nursing, cooking, dress-making and house-keeping.

At Talladega, the young men learn farming, carpentry, painting,
glazing, tinning, blacksmithing and printing; the young women,
cooking, house-keeping, plain sewing and other needle-work.

At Tougaloo, the young men learn farming, carpentry, blacksmithing,
wheelwrighting, painting, turning and tinning; the young women,
sewing, dressmaking, cooking and housekeeping.

At Straight, the young men receive instruction in printing,
carpentry, and floriculture; the young women, needlework, cooking and

At Tillotson, carpentry is taught the young men; needlework, cooking
and housekeeping, the young women.

Our normal schools at Memphis, Tenn., Macon, Ga., and Williamsburg,
Ky., have carpentry, printing, and other industrial training for the
young men, and training in the various arts of home life for the young

At Wilmington, Charleston, Savannah, Macon, Thomasville, Athens, Ala.,
Marion, Mobile, Pleasant Hill, Sherwood, and other normal, graded and

1 3 4 5

Online LibraryVariousThe American Missionary — Volume 43, No. 11, November, 1889 → online text (page 1 of 5)