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is able, ought now to be required to bear arms, without regard to age — if not for the more
active service of the field, at least for protection and defence at home. I therefore respect-
fully recommend a prompt and effective organization upon this principle, under such regu-
lations as the legislature may deem necessary and appropriate. So soon as that can be
effected, there should be a re-examination of all cases of exemption granted by the local
boards, under the act of February 18, 1862, by a board of officers of the second class
militia, assisted by one competent surgeon to a regiment. It is very well known that many
exemptions have been improperly granted, aud that there are at this time a number of as
able bodied men as any in the army, still claiming and enjoying the benefit of exemptions,
which either ought never to have been given, or which were given by reason of physical

disabilities existing at the time, but which, in very many cases, exist no longer.

m

I renew the following recommendation in my last annual report, as to negligent and in-
competent officers :

" Some provision also would be expedient, by which incompetent, negligent or insubor-
dinate officers, not in actual service, may be got rid of, without the expensive process of a
court martial. Since the war commenced, obedience to orders has been in some instances
refused, in others disregarded or neglected, and has sometimes failed, through absolute in-
capacity. These instances are comparatively few, but this is no time for such men to hold
the military commissions of tlio state."

The act of October 6, 18C2, does not reach the case.

THE VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE.

The annual report of the board of visitors has informed your excellency, that this noble
state institution is again in successful operation, with as many cadets as can possibly be
accommodated. The extraordinary administrative ability, the indomitable energy, and de-
votion of the superintendent, Gen. F. H. Smith, were never more strikingly illustrated than
in the almost superhiunan efforts wliich have triumphed over difficulties apparently insur-
mountable. One, however, remains, but it is beyond his control. Having myself been at
the institute for ten or twelve days in October last, when an unusual amount of sickness
existed among the cadets, I observed, with much concern, the scanty and wholly inadequate



4 Doc. No. 4.

hospital accommodations for the sick. These are stated more fully in the report of the dis-
tinguished surgeon of the institution, ^o which I respectfully ask your particular attention,
entirely coucumng in his views and recommendations. It is proper to say, in connection
with this subject, that at the time the legislature provided for the present hospital, it was
fully sufl5cient. Since then, however, the number of cadets has been doubled, and hence
the necessity for additional accommodaliouB.

The services which have been rendered, during the existing war, by the alumni and cadets
of the Virginia military institute, both in camps of instruction and in the field, have amply
vindicated the wisdom and patriotism of the legislature in founding it. A considerable
number of the Virginia troops which won the first battle of Manassas, had been previously
drilled by the cadets, who had been brought to the camp of instruction near Richmond for
the purpose in April 18G1, by your order. Of some 200 of these, .scarcely 30 returned to
the institute, having entered the service as officers, or in the ranks. The corps was refilled
by nearly all new subjects, below the age of J 8, and commenced the academic course on the
first of January last. Yet when the gallant Jackson called upon General Smith for aid in
the campaign against tlie Yankee General Mllroy, the wliole corps were eager for the ser^^co,
and 200 of them marched to Staunton, where they joined the command of Gen'l Jackson,
of which they formed a part until the enemy were defeated and dispersed.

The memorial (A) which I have now the honor to lay before you, of those wlio have {adlen
in battle, and arc now jn service — many in high positions — will be read with pride and
satisfaction by every son of Virginia; and especially, by the survivors of the wise, liberal
and fearless members of the general assembly, who have contribut<!d, by a steady support,
under every discouragement, to sustain it by their votes. All honor to the memory of those
of them who have passed away.

I cannot so well express what is appropriate to the presentation of the memorial, as by
adopting the fervid language of Gen. Smith, in his letter transmitting it to this department.

"It is a proud record, most incomplete, nece8.sarily, from the imperfect data before me —
but when comjilet^', it will exhibit such a result as will serve to magnify the great work,
which, in the providence of God, has been entrusted to this institution. Look at this Pro-
vidence for a moment. The remarkal)le causis which first led to the establishment of tho
Bchool, just 23 years ago; its steady and onward progress, in the midst of many opposing
difficulties ; the constant and material support which it has received from our authorities
and people; the distinctive character which it has maintained as a military school, and the
expansion which its military' organization has in consequence received — all these things
seem to have prepared the way, under the Divine guidance, for the great work which this
groat revolution has so suddenly and so heavily thrown upon it. A^d yet the half is not
told. This memorial embraces the work of the eleves only of the school. This is the
direct influence of the institution. Who can estimate the indirect influence which it exer-
cised in the promotion of a military spirit among the volunteers, and a higher grade of
soldiership. But I cannot trust myself to dwell to-day upon all of these points. My heart
is so full of gratitude to God for what he has enabled it to do for oiu- holy cause, that my
lips are almost closed in the efi'ort to enumerate what it has done, so sensibly do I feel the '
power of his presence and blessing in the work."

The military academy of the late United States has been in existence more than sixty
years, and it is believed that not half the number of its graduates are to be found in the
military service at this time, either in our own ranks or in the ranks of our vandal enemies.

THE STATE GUARD, '

Which, since the appointment of Capt. Dimmock as chief of ordnance, has been entirely
under the command of First Lieutenant E. S. Gay, I found, upon inspection, to be in ae



Doc. No. 4. 5

good condition as, under the disadvantages of circumscribed quarters, and consequently the
greater difficulty of maintaining discipline, could reasonably be expected ; and it shows,
unmistakably, that both Lieutenants Gay and Kcr, the only commissioned officers actually
connected with it since the period before mentioned, have well and faithfully discharged
their duties. And in this connection, I beg leave to state the just claim which it seems to
me these most meritorious officers have, the first, to the pay and allowances of "comman-
dant for the time being of a separate post;" the second, to those of first lieutenant. .The
fiiU complement of commissioned officers allowed by law, is but three, being one less than
should be allowed to such a command; and 3-et these two officers, who have for some time
performed the duties of captain and first lieutenant, luive been and are now receiving only
the pay of first and second lieutenants, scanty enough at all times, but in the present,
scarcely adequate to the bare subsistence of a single man. I confidently believe and trust
that the legislature will find, upon examination, that their cases are here correctly stated,
and will do tbcm full justice.

THE STATE UNE (OR TROOl'S UNDER THE COMJIAND OF MAJ. GEK. JOHN B. FLOYD).

All the information in regard to this command, received up to, and including the last
session of the general assembly, has been already communicated. No consolidated or othfer
return, showing its actual strength and condition, has ytt been received. Muster rolls of
18 companies, giving an aggregate of ] ,239 officers, non-commissioned officers and privates,
have been sent in from time to time, and I presume will continue to be made until all are
received. It appears, however, by the lucid report of the quartermaster general, herewith
submitted (B), that so far as he has been able to inform himself, he estimates for a present
force of 4,000 men.

Greneral Floyd appears to have been so constantly in active operation against the enemy,
from the time he had a sufficient force to enable him to take the field, that the ijaymaster
generalcould not reach his troops for the purpose of paying them off. ^Vlieu that payment
shall have been made, the strength of the command may be ascertained by the pay rolls, if
no more satisfactory return is made, though such return ought by no means to he omitted,
or further delayed.

This force, I understand, is regarded by the peojile of the west as of vital importance to
their defence : that they look to it wifh great interest and anxiety — and by concurrent infor-
mation from reliable sources, I have also been informed that they prefer Gen. Floyd to any
other commander; and believe that if he had authority to enroll the loyal men in that portion
of the state which has been oveiTun by the enemy, who are anxious to aid in its defence,
that he would be joined by great numbers, whose seiTices cannot be commanded for any
other military duty.

Document A is a niemorial of the elcves of the Virginia military institute, in the war of
independence of the Confederate States of America — 18G1 and 18G2.

B — Report of the quartermaster general.

C — Return of the state guard, required by law.

All which is rcsi)ectfully submitted.

WM. H. RICHARDSON,

Adjutant General.
His Excellency JOHN Letcher,

Governor of Virginia.



The No. 4.



A,

j^emqrial of the eleves of the Virginia military institute, in the war of indepen-
dence of the Confederate States of America — 1861 and 1862.

BRIGADIER GENERALS.

1. Robert E. Rodes. — Graduated July 4, 1848. Professor elect of the Virginia luili-
fcary institute, department of applied mechanics. Entered the anny as a captain of Alabama
volunteers. Promoted to the colonelcy of the 5th Alabama regiment. Promoted brigadier
general, 1861. Served Avith his regiment and brigade in all the battles o£ his division. Se-
riously wounded at the battle of Seven Pines, 31st May 1862.

2. William Maiione.— Graduated July 4, 1847. Chief engineer and president of the
Norfolk and Petersburg rail road. Commissioned assistant quartermaster by Virginia, with
rank of lieutenant colonel, April 1861. Promoted to the colonelcy of the Gtli Virginia regi-
ment, April 1861. Promoted brigadier general, December 1861. Served with liis brigade
in the battles around Richmond and at second Manassas. Wounded at Manassas, 1862.

*

3. R. E. Colston.— Graduated July 4, 1846. Professor of French and military history,
«Sz;c. Virginia military institute. Entered the military service with corps of cadets, April 20,
1861, at camp of instruction near Richmond. Promoted to the colonelcy of the IGtli, Vir-
ginia regiment, May 1861. Promoted brigadier general.

4. John Echols. — Admitted cadet in 1840. Resigned in 1841. Lawyer, and member
of convention. Entered military service. May 1861, as lieutenant colonel of 27th Virginia
volunteers. Served as such in Stonewall brigade, in all the battles of this brigade. Pro-
moted to the colonelcy on the resignation of Col. W. W. Gordon. Severely wounded at the
battle of Kernstown, March 23, 1862. Promoted brigadier general, 1862.

5. Sa:*iuel Garland. — Graduated July 4, 1849. Lawyer. Entered the military ser-
vice, April 1861, as captain of Lynchburg home guard. Promoted to colonelcy of llth
Virginia regiment, May 1861. Served in all the battles of his regiment. Promoted briga-
dier general, for gallant conduct at the battle of Williamsburg. Wounded at the battle of
Williamsburg, and again at the battle of Seven Pines, 31st May 1862. Killed at the battle
of Boonesboro', Maryland, September 14, 1862, while gallantly endeavoring to rally his
brigade.

6. John R. Jones. — Graduated July 4, 1848. — Teacher in Florida. Lieutenant colonel
of 23d Virginia regiment. Distinguished at battle of Kernstown. Promoted brio-adicr
general, 1862. Wounded at battle of Shai-psburg, Maryland, September 17, 1862.

7. J. Edwin Slaughter.— Admitted cadet in 1845. Resigned. Appointed third lieu-
tenant of U. S. voltigeurs, 0th April 1847. First lieutenant first U. S. artillery, 3d August
1852. Resigned from U. S. service on the secession of A'irgiuia. Appointed first lieutenant
artillery confederate service. Colonel in provisional army, and brigadier general, 1862.

8. James H. Lane.— Graduated July 4, 1854. Professor military school at Charlotte,
North Carolina. Entered service, April 1861, as major first regiment North Carolina stato
troops. At battle of Bethel, promoted lieutenant colonel. Elected colonel of 28th regiment



8 Doc. No. 4.

North Carolina volunteers. Distinguished in all the battles of his regiment. Promoted
brigadier general, for gallant conduct at battle of Sharpsbiu"g, Maryland.

COLONELS.

1. James W. Allen. — Graduated July 4, 1849. Farmer. Entered military service aa
colonel of 2d Virginia regiment, at capture of Ilaiptrs Feiry. Served in the battles of hia
regiment, as part of the Stonewall brigade. Greatly distinguished himself at Kernstown.
Commanded Stonewall brigade at battles of Richmond. Killed at battle of Gaines' mill,
27th June 18G2.

2. KouKRT C. Allen. — Graduated July 4, 1855. Lawyer. Entered military service,
May 18fil, as major Virginia volunteers. Served in the battles of his regiment. Elected
colonel of 28th Virginia volunteers on the reorganization, and scr\cd with gieat gallantry
in all the battles of his regiment at Williamsburg, Richmond and Manassas.

3. Jesse S. ItriiKs. — Graduated July 4, 1844. Farmer. Entered military service as
colonel of 42d Viit,Mnia volunteers. Greatly distingui.«lnd at battle of Kemstown. Re-
ceived a rupture by his exertions in that battle, which compelled him to resign.

4. Wm. Bvrd. — Graduated July 4, 1849. Lawyor, and adjutant general of Texas. En-
tered military service as colonel of Texas volunteers, serving with anny in Arkansas and
Missouri.


C'. J. M. BuorKENHROUGll. — G5aduated July 4, 1850. Farmer. Entered military ser-
vice as colouul of 4(lth Virginia volunteers. Greatly di.stinguisheel in battle of Williams-
bui'g, and battles of Richmond, second Manassas and Maryland.

C. Ii\wsoN Ddtts. — Admitted cadet in 1841. Resigned in 1842. Lawyer. Entered
military service as capUuii of Virginia volunteers. I'romoted major of 2d Virginia volun-
teers, ilay lbG2. I'romoted lieutenant colonel of 2d Virginia volunteers on death of Lieu-
temmt Colonel Lackland. Tromotcd colonel of 2d Virginia volunteers, on death of Colo-
nel J. W. Allt'u. Starved with great gallantry in all the battles of the Stonewall brigade.
Mortally wounded in second battle of Manassas. Died.

7. D. JlrC. Browne. — Admittetl cadet in 1856. Resigned. Appointed cadet U. B.
military academy. Entered militarj- ser\'ice as colonel of 45th Virginia regiment.

8. A. C. CiM-MlNGs. — Graduated July 4, 1844. Lawyer. Entered military service as
colonel of 33d Virginia volunteers. Ser\'ed with great gallantry and distinction in the va-
rious battles of the Stonewall brigade. Resigned in May 1862.

9. John \. CvAlPnELL. — Graduated July 4, 1844. Lawyer, and member of Virginia
convention when state seceded. Entered mihtarj* service as colonel of 48th Virginia volun-
teers, June 1861, serving in the arduous campaign of his regiment at the battles of McDowell
and Kernsto\\-u. Severely wounded at battle of Winchester, May 25th, 1862. Elected judge
of circuit court of Virginia. Resigned his commission as colonel.

10. S. Crutchf^eld. — Graduated July 4, 18^4. Professor Virginia military institute.
Assigned to special duty at Virginia military institute in April, May and June 1861. Pro-
moted major of 9th Virginia volunteers, July 1861 . Transferred to 58th Virginia volunteers.
Promoted to lieutenant colonel of 58th ^irginia volunteers. Elected colonel of IGth Vir-
ginia volunteers. Declined. Appointed colonel of artillery and chief of artillery in the
division of Major General T. J. Jackson, serving as such in the l>aUles of M«D0well, the
Valley, Richmond, Cedai run aad second Mana&sas.



Doc. No. 4. 9

li. C. A. Crump. — Admitted cadet in 183'J. Entered military service as lieutenant colonel
I'if Virginia volunteers. Promoted to colonel of Virginia volunteers. In command at Glou-
•cester Point. Elected colonel of 16tli Virginia regiment, on reorganization of army. Killed
at second battle of Manassas.

12. ,R. T. W. Duke. — Graduated July 4, 1845. Lawyer. Entered military service as
captain of Vii-ginia volunteers, and served Avith great gallantry in all the first year's cam-
paign. Elected colonel 46th Virginia volunteers, May 18G2.

13. E. C. Edmunos. — Graduated July 4, 1858. Teacher. Entered military service in
May 1861, as colonel of 3Sth Virginia volunteers, and served with great gallantry and
distincti(m in all the liattles of his regiment, at Manassas, Williamsburg and Richmond.
Wounded at battle of Seven Pines, 31st May ]e6-2.

14. W.A.Forbes. — ^Graduated July 4, 1842. Professor. Entei-ed military service as
colonel of 14th Tennessee volunteers, and served with great gallantry as brigade com-
mand(!r in battles around Richmond. Killed at second Manassas.

15. Berkett D. Fry. — Admitted cadet in 1840. Resigned. Cvadet at West Point.
Entered military scrvic^as colonel of 12th Alabama regiment.

16. J. T. GOODE. — Admitted cadet in 1854. Resigned. Appointed second lieutenant
of U. S. artillery, 18tli June 1855, and first lieutenant of 4th artillery, 31st March 18.57.
Resigned from U. S. sei-vico on secession of Virginia. Colonel of artillery in provisional
army C. S.

17. W. W. Gordon. — Graduated July 4, 1850. Lawyer. Entered service as colonel
■of 27th Virginia volunteers. Resigned on account of ill health.

18. EuiviUND GoODE. — Graduated July 4, 1846. Entered military sci-vice as colonel of
o8th Virginia volunteers, and served in arduous campaign in western Virginia. Died from
disease contracted in service.

19. S. B. Gibbons. — Graduated July 4, 1852. Entered military service as colonel of
Virginia volunteers at capture of Harpers Ferry, April 1861. Appointed colonel of 10th
Virginia volunteers, and served with gallantry in all the battles of his regiment. Killed at.
battle of McDowell, Maj' 8th, 1862, at the head of his regiment.

20. Jos. H. Ham. — Graduated July 4, 1859. Teacher. Entered military service April
1861 as drill master. Appointed lieutenant in provisional army of Virginia. Elected cap-
tain of 16tli Virginia volunteers. Promoted lieutenant colonel of 16th Virginia volunteers.
Promoted colonel of 16th Virginia vohmteers on death of Colonel Crump. Seriously
.wounded in second battle of Manassas.

21. A. T. Harrison. — Admitted cadet in . Resigned. Entered military service as

colonel of 30th Virginia volunteers.

22. Gab. C. Wharton.— Graduated July 4, 1847. Civil engineer. Entered military
service as lieutenant of engineers. Promoted to major of 50th "Virginia regiment, and then
lieutenant colonel of 51st, and Uien colonel of 5Ist Virginia volimteers, and serA^ed in all
the battles of his regiment in the west, under General Floyd. Commanded brigade at the
battles of Fort Donel^n, at first battles of Shiloh, April 6th and 7th, 1862, and Giles court-
house.

23. J;VMES W. Humes.— Graduated July 4, 1854. Lawyer. Entered military sorvice
in 1861 as colonel of Tennessee regiment.

o *



10 Doc. No. 4.

24. James H. Lane. — Graduated July 4, 1854. Professor. Entered military service
as major of Jst regimeut of North Carolina volunteers, at battle of Bethel. Promoted lieu-
tenant colonel. Elected colonel of 28th North Carolina volunteers. Di-stiuguished for hw

conduct in all the battles of his regiment. Promoted to brigadier general.



25. Charles E. LiGUTFOOT. — Graduated July 4, 1852. Professor. Entered n^itaiy
sewice in June 1861 as lieutenant colonel of Nortl^Carolina volunteers. Elected colonel of
22d North Carolina regiment. Served in all the battles of his regiment with great gallantry.
Wounded at first battle of Manassas. Taken prisoner at Richmond. Exchanged. In
command of artillery at Richmond.

26. Joseph IMayo. — Graduated July 4,1852. Lawyer. Entered aervjcc as major of
od Virginia vohrtitei rs, May l."^61. Promoted lieutenant colonel. Re-elected lieutenant
colonel. Promoted colonel.

27. R. M. Mayo. — Graduated July 4, 1H52. Lawyer. Entered military scrricc. Elected
colonel of 47th Virginia n^giment. .Served with great gallantry in all the battles of his re-
giment. Wounded at second Manassas battle.

23. T. T. MuNFORD. — Graduated July 4, 1852. Farmer. Entered mihtarj- service May
J 861 as lieul^'nant colonel of 2d Virginia cavalry.* Part of the time commanding cavalry
brigade, nnd serving with great gallantry and distinction in all tlie skirmi-shes aud battles
<jf his regiment. Wounded at second Manassas battle.

29. R. M. McKlXNEV. — Graduated Jtily 4, 1K^>6. Professor. Entered military servicp

.-vs colonel of Nitfth Carelina n-gimijit, serving with great gallantry in all the battles ol

his regiment. Killed at battle near Yorktown, Virginia, April 15th, 18G2.

30. Trancis Mai.i.orv. — Graduated July 4, 1853. Appointed second lieutenant 4th
U. S. infantry, 27th June 1856. Resigned from I'. 8. serv-ice on secession of Virginia.
Appointed cplonel of 55th Virginia volunti'crs, and served with great gallantry in all the
battles of his regiment near Richmond and second Manassas.

31. J. McCauslan I).— Graduated July 4, 1857. Assistant professor Virginia military
institute. Entered military service in Apjjl 1861 as captain of Rockbridge artillery. Pro-
moted to lieutenant colonel of Virginia volunteers, and ordered to command in Kanawha
valley. Promoted to colonel of 36th ^'irginiu regiment. Commanded brigade in battles oi
Fort Donelson. Ser\ed with great gallantry and ilflstinction in all the campaign in west-
t<m Virginia.

32. James K. Marshall. — Graduated July 4, 1660. Teacher. Entered military ser-
vice as captain of itrtillcry of North Carolina battery. Promoted to colonelcy of 52d North
Carolina regiment.

33. E. B. MONTAG IF,.— Admitted cadet in 1851. Resigned. Entered military service
as major of Virginia volunteers in April 1861. Greatly distinguished himself at B«'thel.
Promoted to lieutenant colonel, and then colonelcy of 32d Virginia volunteers. Served
with great gallantry in all the battles of his regiment.

34. J. F. Neff. — GracTuated July 4, 18.58. Lawyer. Entered militarj- sfpice as drill
master. Appointed adjutant of 33d Virginia regiment. Elected colonel of the regiment on
the resignation of Colonel Cummings. SorM-d with great gallantry in all the battles ol
Stonewall brigade. Killed at second Manassas battle.

35. H. T. Parrish.— Graduated July 4, 1851. Lawyer. Entered military service in
April 1861 as major of Virginia volunteers. Promoted to lieutenant colonel, and then to
colonelcy of 16th Virginia volunteers. Out of service.



Doc. No. 4. 11

36. D. B. Penk. — Graduated July 4, 1856. Merchant. Entered ^vvice as major of
Louisiana volunteers. Promoted to lieutenant colonel, and then to colonelcy of 7th Loui-
siana regiment, and served with distinguished gallantry in all the battles of his regiment.
Wounded at battle of Sharpsburg, Maryland, September 17, 1862.

37. J. M. Pattox. — Graduated July 4, 1846. Lawyer. Entered military service in
April 1861 as major of Virginia volunteers. Promoted to lieixtenant colonel of 21st Virgi-
nia Tcgiment, and then elected colonel of the regiment, and sei'ved Avith great distinction at
battle of Kernstovv'u. Resigned on account of ill health.

38. Geo. S. Patton. — Graduated July 4, 1852. Lawyer. Entered service as captain
of Virginia vohmteers, April 1861. Promoted to ma^jority, and then to lieutenant colonelcy
Virginia volunteers. Severely wounded while gallantly leading his regiment at battle of
Scarry. Subsequently taken prisoner. Exchanged. Elected colonel of 2'2d Virginia re-
gimeht. \Vounded again at battle of (Siles courthouse. Served witli distinguished gal-



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