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in the name of the commonwealth of Virginia, forthwith to apprehend the said William P.
Rucker, and without delay to carry him before some one of the justices of the said county,
that he may be dealt with according to law ; and for so doing, this is your warrant.

Given under my hand and seal this 29th day of July 1862.

Orville T. Rogers,
Justice of the Peace and acting as Coroner. [Seal.]

On the foregoing the following is the endorsation :

Commonwealth vs. Wm. P. Rucker — Warrant for murder.

Alex'r McCurdy, chief of police of Alleghany, is ordered to execute this warrant.

W. Skeen,
Provost Marshal of Alleghany.
31 July 1862.

Doc. No. 2. 15


To the Sergeant of the City of Richmond :

Forasmuch as a true bill of indictment in the county court of Alleghany was, on the
day of August 1862, found against William P. Ruckcr, for traitorously levying
and making war against this state, and for adhering to its enemies, giving them aid and
comfort :

These are, therefore, in the name of the commonwealth, to command you forthwith to
apprehend and bring before me, or some other justice of the said county, the body of the
said William P. Rucker, to answer the said indictment and complaint, and to be further
dealt with according to law.

Given under my hand and seal as a justice of the said county, acting, at the time of the
finding of the said indictment, as presiding justice of the said court (in the absence of the
presiding justice of said county), this 18th day of August 1862.

Madison Hobbs, /. P. [Seal.]

16 Doc. No. 2.

RICHMOND, September 18, 1862.

I deem it my duty to bring to your attention the deplorable condition of
two good and loyal citizens of this state, who are now suffering the most degrading punish-
ment at the hands of the authorities of the federal government.

Some time in the month of June or July 1861 you issued a proclamation, calling upon
the citizens of Northwestern Virginia to organize, under the authority of the state, and
repel the invasion of the enemy in that part of the state. Under this call, to patriots a duty,
Daniel Daskey, of Calhoun county, Virginia, organized a small force, and with the men
acting under his authority, took military possession of the town of Ripley in the county of
Jackson in this state, and asserted, during his occupancy of the town, the authority of the
state and the confederate government against the federal authority and the usurpation of
Pierpoint. This was some time in the fall of the year J861. Shortly after this time, and
when tlie said Daskey and his associates were under arms, under your authority, he was
surrounded, when at a house in that neighborhood, and captured. lie claimed, before his
capture, that if captured he should be treated as a prisoner of war. To this his captors,
who were federal soldiers, agreed, and Daskey surrendered, after he was wounded in the
arm. When the town of Ripley was in his possession he took charge of the mails of the
federal government, and made a thorough examination of letters and other mail matter,
avowedly for the purpose of ascertaining the military purposes of the enemy. After his
capture lie was taken to Wheeling, and confined in a jail in that city; was indicted, by a
grand jury held in that city, for robbing the mails; was tried and convicted, and sentenced
to tlie penitentiary for a term of four years, and is now a convict in the penitentiary at
Washington city.

I will further state, that Mr. Daskey never denied the facts stated, but before a federal
court held in this state, asserted his right to do the acts charged against him. He is a man
whose age I suppose to be about sixty-five; a loyal and patriotic man; has held civil posi-
tions in his county, with credit to himself: he was within a few years last past a justice of
the peace of his county, and perhaps was at the time of his capture.

A gentleman named Jacob Vanner, of Jackson county, of high respectability, who acted
with Daskey, was captured and tried, and convicted by the same court, and is also a con-
vict in the penitentiary at Washington city.

I learned also that those men proved on their trials that they were acting under your
authority, and claimed to be justified in doing the acts charged against them ; but the court
and jury ignored your authority.

I was in the cavalry service of the confederate government; was taken prisoner in Ni-
cholas county, Virginia; sent to camp Chase as a prisoner of war; was indicted by a grand
jury of the federal court at Wheeling, for treason to the government of the United States;
and was confined in the jail at Wheeling from the 29th of January last to the 21st of
August ultimo, when I escaped. I was in the same room with Daskey until his conviction.

I make these statements to you, with the hope that you may be able to relieve these un-
fortunate citizens of our state.

Most respectfully.

Your ob't servant,

His Excellency JoiiN Letcher,

Governor of Virginia.

Doc. No. 2. 17

Mr. A. C. Kennedy is a citizen of Parkorsburg, Virginia, is a son of the Rev Wayne
Kennedy, and his statement can be most implicitly relied upon.

September 18, 1862.

Ro. Johnston.
John Brannon.

The following is endorsed upon the foregoing letter :

ExEcimvE Department,

September 19, 1862.

Respectfiilly referred to Hon. Secretary of War, with the request that ho will set aside,
by lot or otherwise, the two highest officers that may bo here as prisoners belonging to
Northwestern Virginia. If no officers from that section have been captunid, tlien he asks
that the two most influential citizens now in confinement, may be held, and turned over to
the state authorities for execution, in the event that th<! two persons within named are not
released from confinement in the penitentiary ; and that notice be given to the president of
the United States, that these parties will be hung on a given day, unless Daskey and his
associate are discharged.

John Letcher.







SEPTEMBER 29, 1862.

Doc. No. 3.


The special committee to whom was referred an enquiry into the manner in which Stuart,
Buchanan & Co. have complied with their contracts to furnish salt to the counties of this
comniouwciilth, and liow far they have adhered to their promises to. prevent the salt manu-
factured l\y them at the Smyth and Washington salt works from getting into the hands of
speculators, have carefully considered the subjects rcfened to them, and after the examina-
tion of numerous witnesses, have adopted tlie following resolutions ; which they beg leave
f o report to the liouse :

1. Resolved, tliat this committee is of opinion that Stuart, Buchanan & Co. have net
complied with their contracts with the several counties of this commonwealth, by delivering,
in monthly installments, the quantities of salt stipulated to be so delivered: but it appears
to the committee, upon satisfactory evidence, that the deficiency in most of the counties
has been approximately supplied by subsequent deliveries, and that Stuart, Buchanan &
Co. have been and arc now making satisfactory efforts to comply with all their contracts.

2. Resolved, that it appears to the committee that Stuart, Buchanan & Co. have, i:nd
now are making reasonable efforts to prevent their salt from getting into the hands of
speculators : that when their salt has gotten into such hands, by any sales made by them
to said parties, such sales have been made for provisions, fuel, slaves, labor, horses, wa-
gons, &c., indispensable to the prosecution of their business, whilst in other cases tbcir
salt has hiicn thrown upon the market, through the agency of parties professedly purchas-
ing for their own use, but wlio, acting in bad faith, have afterwards sold it to speculators.

In response to the resolution referred to your committee, instriicting them to ascerfala
whether any allowance in weight was made for salt delivered in a wet state, your com-
mittee would respectfully report, that it was provt^d before them that it is not now, and
never has been the custom at the Smyth and Washington county salt works to make any
discrimination between wet salt and dry.

DOC. No. IV.





SEPTEMBER 27, 1862.

Doc. No. 4.


September 30, 1862.
Gentlemen of the House of Delrgales :

I received this morning a resolution, adopted by you on the 27th instant, call-
ing upon me "to inform the house of delegates under what clause of the constitution, or
under what law or laws of the state, his [my] proclamation of the 30th day of August
1862, calling out the militia of certain counties of the commonwealth, and ordering them
to report to Major General Floyd, was issued."

In reply to the first branch of the resolution, I have the honor to state, that in section
fifth of article fifth of the constitution, prescribing the duties of the governor, it is, amongst
other things, declared :

"He shall be the commander in chief of the land and naval forces of the state; have
power to embody the militia to repel invasion, suppress insuiTcction and enforce the execu-
tion of the laws."

The law declares (see Code I860, chapter 17, section 2): "If any combination, whether
for dismembering the state, or establishing in any part of it a separate government, or for
any other purpose, shall become so powerful as to obstruct in any part of this state the due
execution of the laws thereof, in the ordinary course of proceeding, the governor may call
forth the militia, or anj- part thereof, tu suppress such combination.

"3. Whenever the governor shall call forth the militia, whether by virtue of the consti-
tution, or of the preceding section, he shall issue such orders and take such measures for
procuring and transporting the detachments, as to him shall seem best; and for their ac-
conmiodatiou, equipment and support, shall appoint such quartermasters, commissaries and
other staff as to him shall seem proper.

"4. Such orders shall be sent to such officers, and in ."such manner, as the governor may
deem expedient, with a notification of the place of rendezvous; and the officers to whom
the orders are sent, shall proceed immediately to execute the same.

" 5. If such oflScers as the governor deems necensary, do not attend at the place of ren-
dezvous, or if the governor shall be satisfied that they will not attend, he may appoint from
the counties from which the detachments arc called forth, so many officers as may seem to
him proper for the said detachments."

The contingency contemplated by the constitution, and provided for by the act, had oc-
curred, not only in my estimation, but also in the opinion of the general assembly, as they
had conclusively indicated in the passage of the law authorizing the raising of a state force
of ten thousand men, to be placed under the command of Major General Floyd. When

4 Doc. No. 4.

this act was passed, the legislature uuquestionably believed the force to be needed for the
defence of the people of Western Virginia, the reclamation of the territory then desecrated
by the invading hosts of Lincoln, and the re-establishment of the laws in those counties
which had been taken possession of by the usurped government inaugiu"ated at Wheeling.

Volunteers to fill this state line did not come forward as promptly as the legislature or I
supposed they would ; and considering it important to raise the force as speedily as possi-
ble, I considered it my duty to adopt such constitutional and legal means as were within
reach, to accomplish it. At the time I ordered the militia to report to Major General Floyd,
nearly one-half of the territory of Virginia was in the possession and under the control of
the public enemy ; a government had been inaugurated ; laws enacted ; officers appointed ;
the authority of the rightful government of Virginia repudiated ; peaceful and quiet citi-
zens arrested and imprisoned, and held in confinement until they would agree to take an
oath of allegiance to the Lincoln government ; others, upon fictitious charges, arrested, and
after going through the forms of a trial, convicted, and incarcerated in the penitentiary at
Washington, where they yet remain. They had senators and representatives in the federal
congress, pretending to represent this commonwealth ; the judicial ofiicers of the state had
been deposed by the Wheeling legislature, and elections held to supply their places. All
these things had been done. Every thing necessary to show the existence of " a combina-
tion" "for dismembering the state " and " establishing in" a "part of this state a separate
government," in the language of the act, was then palpable to every one. The existence of
an "invasion," in the language of the constitution, was patent. In making the call, I was
acting in strict conformity not only with the spirit but the letter of the constitution and this
act of the legislature.

The law regulating the term of service (see Code, chapter 30, section 12), declares:

"The militia, when called into service by state authority, shall serve for six months after
their arrival at the place of rendezvous, unless sooner discharged. But the governor shall
at all times have power to retain them in service for such time as the militia in the service
of the Confederate States may be retained by authority of congress."

This militia, when called into service, was to remain six months ; but I intended, in the
language of the law, " to retain them in service" for a period of twelve months, the term of
service prescribed in the act establishing the state line, if the interests of Virginia required it.

Whenever a call has been made for the militia, either by myself or by the generals in
command of confederate forces, it has become common with those called upon to render ser-
vice, to question the authority, and thus discontent and dissatisfaction have been created,
operating most mischievously, seriously impairing the value of this arm, relied upon for the
public defence. This spirit ought to be discountenanced and put down, and I appeal to the
general assembly to give me their aid and support in effectually crushing it.



DOC. No. V.






SEPTEMBER 30, 1862.

Doc. No. 5. 3


The special committee appointed by order of the house to report the condition
of tlie Virginia pick and wounded ?olJior?, and to consider and report whetlicr any
legislation on the part of the state is necessary and proper for their benefit, having
had under consideration the subject referred to them, respectfully report:

The committee have visited and carefully examined the different general hos-
pitals in this city. They have conversed freely and fully with the sick and the
eurgeons in charge, with the view of obtaining all of the facts necessary to a
faithful discharge of their duty. It is not proposed to give in this report a detailed
account of the committee's investigations at the various hospitals, but to state in
general terms the true condition of tlie hospitals — the abuses and evils that may
Iiave been discovered, and to suggest such remedies as are advisable, and not in-
coEflistent with any rule or regulation of the confederate authorities.

Judging from the various complaints which have been made by the sick and
wounded soldiers, by their friends and relations at home, and through the public
prints, in reference to the management of the army hospitals, the committee ex-
pected to find a state of things therein existing, which, if true, would be not only
a matter of serious complaint against the government, but a disgrace to the sur-
geons of our hospitals. That the sick and wounded soldiers have had cause for
complaint on accoiint of their treatment, it is presumed no one will deny; but it
is believed that these are evils dependent, in a great measure, on causes over
which the medical department have no control. The government is responsible,
And should be held to strict account by the country.

It aflfords the committee great pleasure to be able to state, that eo far as ttio
imrgeons in charge of the general hospitals of this city are concerned, it is evident,
from the observations which we have been able to make, that they have, as a ge-
neral rule, discharged their duties in a manner that is highly creditable to them,
and should lie acceptable to the public.

The hospitals which we have seen are all well ventilated, kept scrupulously clean,
and the most of them have warm and cold baths attached. The beds and bed-
ding arc neat and comfortable, and the patients all seem to be furnished with
clean clothing. The quantity of food furnished is believed to be sufficient, though
sometimes it is not of such a character as is desirable for sick men. The hos-
pitals arc all so situated as to be convenient to a plenty of good water, and arc in
every respect so constructed as to be comfortable in both winter and summer.

The principal complaints which we have beard from the patients, relate to ft

4 Doc. No. 5.

want of proper food, sufficient clothing and competent nurses. There are, however,
Other and greater caus^es of cornphunt, for which the surgeons in charge are in no
wise responsible. These are : the want of authority on the part of hospital sur-
geons to giant furloughs to the sick and wounded under their care ; the refusal of
quartermasters to pay these soldiers without descriptive lists ; and the great diffi-
culty and annoyance which they in many instances experience in procuring pro-
per and speedy transportation from the hospitals to their homes.

The committee further represent, that by a regulation of the war department
all sick and wounded soldiers who are at home on furloughs, are denied the privi-
lege of remaining after the expiration of their furloughs, without a certificate of
disability from a confederate army surgeon. In very many cases these officers are
not accessible to soldiers in thi*' condition. The consequence is. gallant men and
good soldiers arc frcqu.-ntly dragged from their homes and carried to the army,
when they are only fit for the sick room ; and if they refuse to endure this hard-
ship, they are subjected to the disgrace of being published as deserters.

In view of the foregoing facts, it is recommended that an arrangement be ef-
fected by the governor of this state with the confederate authorities, by which all
of the Virginia sick and wounded soldiers, who are sent from the army, can be
placed together in the same hospitals. Tliis arrangement has already been made
by several of the southern states. It in no wise conflicts with any confederate
law or regulation, and puts our own sick and wounded in such a situation as would
enable the state to add to their comforts, and confer upon them such benefits as
might be thought proper. If the arrangement is effected, an appropriation should
be made by the legislature for the employment of an additional number of nurses
for our own sick and wounded ; for a supply of such other food, besides that fur-
nished by the confederate government, as may be deemed necessary, and for an
additional supply of hospital clothing. The amount thus appropriated might be
placed under the control of an agent appointed by the governor, and the agent
made respout^ible for its disbursement, in accordance with such regulations as this
general assembly miglit adopt.

As a remedy for another evil, above indicated, the committee recommend that
our senators be instructed to attempt to procure the passage of a law by congress,
authorizing the appointment of one assistant surgeon in such of the counties of
this commonwealth as may be deemed advisable— such surgeons to be vested with
na other authority than that of extending sick furloughs, flesident physicians,
who are exempt from military duty, would no doubt render this service to the
countiy without any compensation ; and such an arrfingement would afford great
relief to many of our soldiers at home on sick furloughs, and would produce but
few if any evils, provided heavy penalties were declared against those who should
abuse their authority.

It is also recommended that our senators be instructed to use their efforts to ob-
tain a more liberal system of furloughs. It cannot l)e doubted that if sick and
wounded soldiers were sent to their homes, a more speedy and certain cure would
be the result. The principal diseases that prevail at our general hospitals are
typhoid and typhus fever and erysipelas — all of which are indisputably contagions,
and aisumc their most malignant type in cities and hospitals. It is believed that

Doc. No. 5. 5

nothing is sn necessary for the recovery of (hose, who arc afflictecl with these dis-
eases, as their removal from the crowded hospitals to the pure air of the country,
^\'herc they also di rive great benefit from the society of friends and relatives, anl
the thousand enlivening influences which cluster around even the humblest southern
liome, The principal and most plaut^ihlc objection to a more liberal system of
furloughs, is the alleged fact that it is difliciilt to insure the soldier's return to duty
after his recovery. This is no doubt true; but in seeking to avoid this evil, the
government has had to endure another and a much greater evil. For if it is truo
that hundreds of soldiers who have been at home on furloughs, have deserted, let
it also be remembered that thousands have died iu the hospitals who would havo
recovered had they been sent to their hoines.

In conclusion, the committee beg leave to call the attention of the house to tho
following interesting statistic* of the hospitals in and near the cities of Richmond
find Petersburg, which are taken from the report of tli(> select CDmmittec appointed
by the confederate senate to examine into the condition of hospitals :

'•Witliin and near the cities of Richmond and Petersburg there are forty-nino
hospitals, public and private, afTordirig shelter and protection to the sick and dis-
abled of our army. Chimborazo and Winder hospitals, included in the abovo
number, each consists of five separate divisions, with a surgeon and two assistant
surgeons in each division; which several divisions maj'^ be regarded us separato
and distinct hospitals; and should they be so estimated, would make the whole
number fifty-eight. In all of the hospitals in and nc'a,r Richmond since their
organization, there have been received ninety-nine thousand five hundred and
oiglit (90,503) sick and wounded soldiers and officers of our army. Of this num-
ber, nine thousand seven hundred and seventy-four (0,774) have received fur-
loughs ; two thousand three hundred and forty-one (2,341) have been discharged,
and seven thousand six hundred and three (7,G03) have died. At this time there
remain in all these hospitals ten thousand seven hundred and twenty (10,720).

"In all the hospitals in and near the city of Petersburg since their organization,
there have been received eleven thousand one hundred and seventy (11,170) sick
and wounded ofllcers and soldiers of the army. Of this number, eiglit hundred
and twenty-eight (828) have r(!ccived fiirlouglis ; one hundred and fifty-seven
(157) have been discharged, and seven hundred and ninety-seven (797) have died.
TIu'! nundier of sick and wounded in the hospitals at Peter^.burg is one thousand
eight hundred and ninety- three (1,893.)"

DOC. No. VI.






Doc. No. 6.

Gentlamen of the SunaUi

and House of Delegates

OCTOBEK t. 1862.

I transmit, for yoar information, copies of, first, a communication ro-
ferred to the war department by Major General Loring'; second, the reply of Adjutant
General Richard.son to a letter of Hon. G«orgo W. Randolph, secretary of war, transmit-
ting the letter to me ; and tJixrd, the report of Major General Floyd iu reply to the com-

The report of G<^ncral Floyd exhihita a patriotic spirit and manly sentiment; which are
deserving of all praise, and eminently worthy of emulation.




Doc. No. 6.

Confederate States of America, JVar Department,
liichmojid, September 15, 1862.


I have the honor to enclose copies of a letter from Captain Nounnan, and

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