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Your Hon'rs most obed't & obl'y Servant,

H. F.

Another on same subject under date of Dec. 18th. 1756.

1757 — Letter to Capt. Francis Thornton.

1759-1767 — Sundry accounts with the following Washingtons, viz —

Robert, Jr., Lundsford, Nathaniel, Samuel and John.
Sept 1768 — Lawrence Washington, Sr., Dr. To 2 tickets in Byrd
Lottery @ 51bs each.

The book contains a number of other letters and accounts in which
mention is made of well known people of that time.

W. B. Cridlin.


Here lyes the Body of

Catherine Gilchrist

late the Wife of Robert Gilchrist

of Port Royal, Merchant.
She died the 4th of May 1769

Aged 54 years.
This Stone is inscribed as a
Monument to her Memory
by her disconsolate Husband.


Here Lyes the Body
of Robert Gilchrist, Esq.
of Port Royal, March.

Died the 16th July 1790

Aged 69 Years.
This Stone is Inscribed a
Monument to his Memory
By His Executors.

Beneath this humble stone a Youth doth lie
Most too Good to live too Young to dye
Count his few Years how short the scanty Span
But count his Virtues, and he dy'd a Man.

Sacred to the Memory of Younger,
The Son of William & Anne Fox
of Port Royal, Who was born the
10th of September 1754 and dyed
the 25th of May 1763.

Beneath this stone lies
Elizabeth Hill

Wife of

James Dunlop

Merchant in Port Royal.

Who died the 8th of May 1780.

Aged 31 Years.

Sally S. Lightfoot

Wife of

Philip Lightfoot

of Port Royal, Va.

Born 7th. March 1790.

Died 22nd August 1859.

Philip Lightfoot

of Port Royal, "Va.


September 24th 1784


July 22nd 1865.


John Lightfoot, the son of the above Philip and Sally, is buried in
the Church- Yard of St. Peters Episcopal Church, Port Royal. By
his side rests the remains of his wife, Hariet, son George, and
daughter Sally. A son Howard is hurried in Danville (or Lynch-
burg). They are survived by daughter Mrs. Hariet Broooke, of
Richmond, and two sons. Wm. L. & John B.

W. B. Cbidun,


I am interested in the Slaughter Genealogy which appeared in
the last number of the "Virginia Magazine," and I take the liberty
of sending you the following data which may be of interest to you
in this connection: —

1. Gabriel Slaughter (afterwards Governor of Kentucky) married
Sarah Hord. (See a record of this marriage in "Virginia County
Records" by Crozier Vol ix — page 12). Sarah (Hord) Slaughter
was daughter of John' (William-, John') of "Shady Grove" Caro-
line County, Va. John' Hord father of Sarah (Hord) Slaughter
was Lieutenant 4th Continental Dragoons January 20, 1777 — Heit-
man's "Register"). There is a deed in Prince William County, Sep-
27, 1822 from ''John H. Slaughter to Thomas Hord and Robert Hord"
mentioning land bequeathed to John H. Slaughter by Hawkins Hord
brother of Sarah (Hord) Slaughter. John H. Slaughter was son
of Sarah (Hord) Slaughter. (See this deed in Prince William
County, Book 8 — page 519).

2. Frances Hord married a Mr. Slaughter, and you will find my
authority for this statement in the "History of St. Mark's Parish,
Culpeper" (revised & enlarged edition by Green) Part II, page 50.
On the same page you will find an abstract of the will of James'
Hord (Thomas^ John') dated December 14, 1802, father of Frances
(Hord) Slaughter. H.

Letter fbom Geneibai, M. R. Patrick U. S. A. to Rev. M. D. Hoge,

[Masena R. Patrick was born in Jefferson O. N. Y. in 1811, gradu-
ated at West Point and served with distinction in the Mexican
War. He resigned from the army in 1850; but entered the United
States service at the beginning of the Civil War, became brigadier-
general of volunteers, and was, after Lee's surrender, provost-mar-
tial general of the Department of Virginia. He resigned in June
1865. His conduct during the brief but most critical period during


which he was stationed in Richmond as provost-martial-general, won
him many friends here. We are indebted to Mr. Charles Pondexter
for permission to copy the letter, which shows a spirit very un-
usual at the time]

Geneva, 15 Feb'y 1866
Dear Doctor,

Your very kind & most acceptable letter of 5-9 Dec. reached me
in due season & I have only delayed acknowledging it, because
I hoped ere this, the political horizon would be clearer. Still progress
is made in the right direction, & the spirit so strongly evinced
by the President, to maintain his integrity, holding firmly his po-
sition against all the assaults of Radicals, gives assurance to the
Conservative element in the North, which is becoming stronger
every day. I have great hope that the reign of the Radicals is
hear its close & that Peace, such a peace as springs only from the
principles of the Gospel of Christ, is very soon to be inaugurated
throughout all our land.

There appears to be a feeling in all our communities that for a
few years past in the violence & heat of political & sectional strife,
the fundamental principles of religion even, have been deserted by
the entire membership of many of the churches, or by such a ma-
jority as to make it unsafe for the few not carried away by the
storm, to express their opinions openly; and that spiritual deso-
lation has been the legitimate result. Vice, Intemperance, Breach
of Trust, utter disregard of plighted faith and a general break-
ing down of all the time-honored safeguards of public morals &
virtue appear to be the most striking characteristics of the masses
as viewed from almost any stand-point in the years 1861-£.4 & 65.

It is only within a few weeks past that I have seen a disposition,
among the people with whom I am brought in contact to enter upon
this work of selfexamination, & to take an observation as to our
present position. In this place, Geneva, with a population of say
6,000, considerable wealth, refinement, literary taste & social en-
joyment, without much active business, I was looked upon with
distrust & aversion by all the citizens, excepting the very few who
knew me well and had independence enough to think for themselves.

Circumstances have made it necessary for me to express myself
decidedly. — At first, & in our religious assemblies there would be
some rejoinder, showing the animus.

For weeks, however, all this has ceased and in the gatherings,
daily, of the active members of all the Evangelical churches, I have
heard none of the stereotyped, uncharitable allusions, to the South,
which were but a short time ago, a great staple.


On the Sabbath evening preceding the week of prayer (7 Jan'y)
I took the occasion to say, that if we expected God's blessing while
our hearts were full of hatred and all uncharitableness, we might
more than doubt the fact of our discipleship.

You can imagine what I would say under such circumstances
as a Christian man, to which I added, that my right to speak as
I did, none could question, for it had been caused by years of toil
& danger in the service of our whole country. It had more effect
than I then knew because they had begun to think they might not
be altogether without sin themselves.

Since that time we have had a Union meeting for prayer, daily,
morning & evening — with frequent gatherings in the respective

Without excitement many converts have been gathered in, mostly
of the young. The children and youth of the Sabbath Schools have
shared largely in this precious ingathering. I meet 3 or 4 times in
the week a band of young disciples, of both sexes, numbering from
70 to 80 to counsel & instruct them; to teach them how to pray
and how to work for Christ. What a change in the character of
my duties — training young recruits for the service of the Prince
of Peace. Yesterday was observed in our churches as a day of
fasting, humiliation & prayer for the purification of the church, the
sanctification of God's people & the conversion of sinners.

At 4 P. M. I met 164 young converts. It was good to be there,
and though I cannot but tremble at the responsibilities of the po-
sition, yet I feel that Providence has placed me there, after having
given me such training as does not usually fall to the lot of clergy-
men, to whom such service is usually assigned. God grant that
the evening of my life may be spent in promoting Peace on Earth
& Good Will among men — its morning & meridian were certainly
passed in the turmoil of life — the Battle & the Storm.

But I find myself running into matters personal — though such
as interest you.

You ask if I still fancy at times that I would like to live in the
South? If I were not almost 55 years of age I should go South
where I have spent some of the happiest years of my life; but
with my family in Its present condition, & the South in its present
condition it would be unwise to make the change.

Yet I often feel & especially since the receipt of your letter,
that I would dearly love to spend some weeks in your church, in
somewhat such manner as I am spending my time here — with little
other business than what I find in the Vineyard of the Master. I


trust that the religious interest in your church continues, & increases.
May the Spirit of the Lord be & abide with you.

I was glad to notice, not long since, the liberality of a New York
gentleman to Dr. Read's church, and hope that a sufficient fund
may be raised for the rebuilding of his church.

Please remember me to him and to Dr. Moore. I think of many
others In Richmond with whom my relations, tho' brief, can
never be forgotten. Perhaps when my affairs are in such con-
dition that I can leave them, I may revisit Richmond & some
other places in "Virginia of deep interest to me. You were kind
enough to allude to the feeling towards me in your city. I do not
affect to conceal the fact, that the malignity of the Radicals is
more than counterbalanced by the respect shown to me whenever
I am known in the South, for I cannot doubt the feeling if ex-
hibited now when I am not only without power but in Coventry.

I shall always be glad to hear from you, and to know of the wel-
fare of your church, as of the church generally in Virginia. I
note what you say of church matters generally & agree with your
views as to re-union for the present.

Commend me to Mrs. Hoge & believe me.

Sincerely yours,

M. R. Patrick.

GooDWTX — Mitchell — Raines, Wanted the parents of Amy Good-
wyn, born Aug. 31, 1732; died Jan. 14, 1773; married 1st Thomas
Mitchell, of Sussex Co., Va.; and second Oct. 5, 1762, in Sussex Co.,
John Raines, of Prince George and Sussex Co.'s, Va., born July 5,
1726; and died after 1780.

By her first marriage, she was the mother of Henry and Richard
Mitchell, and perhaps others; by her second marriage, she was
the mother of Robert, Caldwallader, Thomas and Amy Goodwyn
Raines, and two other children that died in infancy.

Amy Goodwyn Raines, was born Jan. 14, 1773 in Virginia, either
Sussex or Prince George Co.; and died Oct. 7, 1840, in Madison Co.,
Ala., He mother. Amy (Goodwyn) Mitchell Raines, died at her
birth and she was reared in the home of her mothers brother, a
Peterson Goodwyn, of Petersburg, Va., from whoes home sha was
married, on Apr. 6, 1790, to Robert Stewart, who was born in Scot-
land, April 4, 1756; and died in Madison Co., Ala., Nov. 17, 1840;
(He married first in Scotland, name of wife unknown, but she was
a sister of the wife of Thomas Beard, of Petersburg.) The said
Robert Stewart, was a Tobacconist, and his home in Petersburg,


was located on High St., About the year 1815, he removed from
Petersburg to Augusta, Ga., and later from there to Madison Co.,
Ala., (I have a complete line of their descendants.)

Now the Peterson Goodwyn, with whom Amy Goodwyn Raines,
made her home, had the following children, Edward, Eppes, Eliza,
Lucy Ann and Patsy, of these Eliza married Thomas Whitworth,
These facts I have gained from some old family papers, and from
the older members of the family, and in every branch of the family
the tradition is that Amy Goodwyn Raines, was a neice of Peterson
Goodwyn, and reared as a member of his family.

The children of Robert Stewart and Amy Goodwyn Raines, were
Thomas Raines, Harriet, Mary Goodwyn, Peterson Goodwyn, Ellen
Gordon, Jane Osborn, Emily, and Elizabeth Stewart, only the three
youngest of these lived to maturity.

Robert Stewart, had a brother who came to America prior to his
own coming, this brother was Archibald Stewart, and he located in
Baltimore, Md., he had among other children, a son James, who in
1816, visited his uncle Robert Stewart's family at Augusta, Ga., and
it is said fell in love with his cousin, Jane Osborn Stewart.

I hope some one can give me the ancestry of Amy Goodwyn, 1732-
1733, of her first husband Thomas Mitchell, and her second husband
John Raines, 1726-17 — ; I should also like to know something of
Archibald Stewart, of Baltimore, Md., and his descendants.

Stella Pickett Habdt

Batesville, Ark.



The Free Negro in Virginia, 1619-1865. By John H. Russell, Ph.D.,

Baltimore. The Johns Hopkins Press, 1913.

The art of writing historical monographs has progressed to
such an extent in recent years that this work will probably not receive
special notice; though it well deserves something more than the
customary scant critique given a dissertation for a degree. Few
more scientific, thoughtful and fair-minded books have ever appeared
on the subject of slavery. A very wide field of sources has been
examined and the material so gathered is handled in masterly fashion.

The work is a study of slavery from another view-point,
that of the free negro, who occupied a strange and anomalous posi-
tion in a society which had no place whatever for him. That, not-
withstanding, the free negro in many instances made a place for
himself is due in part to the race's remarkable power of adaptibility,
and partly, also, to the tolerance of the white people, who preferred
to be inconsistent rather than to enforce the logical laws enacted
against the free negro as a menace to slavery.

In his introductory chapter Dr. Russell clinches the theory,
introduced to students by Dr. Ballagh, of the evolutionary origin
of slavery in Virginia. There can be no question that slavery in
English America was a development of indentured servitude. The
historic blacks, whose names would be immortal if we only knew
them, brought to Jamestown in 1619, were not sold as slaves for
life and posterity, but as time-limited servants. Slavery, that is
perpetual servitude, arose by degrees and through the working of
the law of natural selection, for the negro is peculiarly — it used to
be said providentially), fitted for a servile condition. Slavery had
defeated and almost eliminated indented servitude as a labor system
before the Revolution. In 1775 there were few indented servants
and fewer free negroes, for the law forbade manumission and people
were not bothered much by the rights of man in the Colonial epoch.

But behold the world-reaching influence of Jean Jacques! The
Revolution came, and with it, the Declaration of Independence,
which, contrary to the outworn sneers of Abolitionists, was very
largely believed to apply to blacks as well as whites. Popular senti-
ment forced the government to concede to slave owners the privilege


of freeing their chattels, and between 1782, the date of the manumit-
ting act, and 1806, the free negro population incerased by leaps and
bounds. Then, in the latter year, the Legislature, in order to pre-
serve the seriously-threatened institution of slavery, exiled all slaves
freed after that date. This act kept manumission within limits,
but in 1860, 60,000 free negroes lived in Virginia.

All this Dr. Russell has set forth with learning and skill. He
has also made many new points which will somewhat change the
current conception of slavery. In one notable instance he bears
testimony to the good-heartedness of the Virginia people. It used
to be the impression, based chiefly on the orthodox theory of the
negro's total inferiority, that the free negro was the lowest and
most degraded portion of the human family. If this had been true it
would have been a sad reflection on the civilizing qualities of the
Southern people; but Dr. Russell shows conclusively that many
free negroes were prosperous and respected citizens — that is that
the dice were not cogged too much against them; they had a chance
to better themselves, even in a slave-holding community. In doing
this he incidentally raps Miss Ellen Glasgow, quoting her descrip-
tion of Free Levi in "The Battle-Ground," 'who shares alike the pity
of his white neighbors and the withering contempt of his black ones."
It is pleasant to learn that this conception of the free negro is, in
considerable part, mistaken, and that many freedmen of antebellum
days, though in themselves a menace to slavery, found fair treat-
ment at the hands of slaveowners.


George Rogers Clark Papeks. 1771-1781. Virginia Series Volume
III. Collections of the Illinois State Historical Library,
Volume VII. Edited with Introduction and Notes by James
Alton James, Northwestern University. Published by the
Trustees of the Illinois State Historical Library, Springfield
Illinois 1912. pp. clxvii, 715, with 5 portraits and index.
The Illinois State Historical Library is doing a great work
for the history of the West, and also (as far as the Virginia Series
is concerned) for the history of Virginia. The Volumes so far pub-
lished have been models in selection and scholarly editing. In the
present volume a complete collection has been made, for the first
time, of the letters and papers of George Rogers Clark and his lieu-
tenants and correspondents. No account of the time could possibly
be as graphic as that written from day to day by the men who were
in the field or who were, with limited resources, supporting the
movement. No one who is interested in Clark's Campaigns or in the


American occupation of the West can afford to be without this
volume. It comes down to November 1781. Documents will be
completed in another volume. The introduction is probably the best
short account of the Conquest of the Northwest which has been

An Address by Henry T. Wickham, Esq., of Virginia. At a special
Session of the United States Circuit Court of Appeals for the
Third Circuit, Held at Philadelphia, Pa., Tuesday, May Sixth,
1913, on the Occasion of the Presentation on Behalf of the
Virginia Bar Association of a Portrait of Hon. John Blaib,
Jb, From 1789 to 1796 A Justice of the Supreme Court of the
United States, pp. 30, with portrait
An excellent presentation of all that can now be learned in

regard to one of our "forgotten worthies"

The Andersons of Gold Mine, Hanover Co Va.
Genealogy of the Lomax Family of Virginia. Chicago 1913.

These are carefully prepared accounts of the families named.
They are privately printed by the compilers and are intended for
distribution in the families immediately concerned. Each is a valu-
able addition to Virginia genealogy.

The Life and Letters of John Paul Jones. By Mrs. Reginald de
KovEN. Illustrated. Two Vols. New York, 1913; xvi, 478;
vii, 513, with index.

It is a remarkable fact that nobody in the United States knows
anything about John Paul Jones — that is no one but the authors of
lives of him. On any other subject, from the Creation to the present
Mexican troubles, there can be nothing written, which does not call
forth an endless number of students, experts and critics who learn-
edly dissect, patronize or refute what has been published. In regard
to Paul Jones, however, the case is different. The critics are ex-
ceedingly diffident and do not attempt any show of superior knowl-
edge, but praise the excellence of the author's work. The fact that
the reviewers praised Bnells famous work of fiction as they now do
Mrs de Koven's biography, is nothing against her book, but only an
evidence of the general ignorance referred to. The writer, like the
others, cannot pretend to make a critical review; but it always has
been a source of some little pride to the publishers of this magazine
that when all the reviews (including the Historical) were praising
Buell, we (see Vol. VIII, 442, &c.) were not taken in


Of course, Mrs. de Koven's book is free from the faults of Buell's
(which she touches in a mild way) and contains a great amount of
valuable material treated in an attractive way. Whether her
knowledge of sources and her ability to handle her subject has
enabled her to write the definitive life of Jones, experts who may
arise in the future must decide. Certainly her work is of much

It may be treating the subject from a parochial point of view, but
Mrs. de Koven makes no reference to the fact that the letter to
Hewes (I, 102 &c.) was printed in this magazine in July 1905 from
the original owned by Mrs John G. Wood, of Edenton, N. C; nor
that in January 1900 we printed from the originals in the Virginia
State Land OflSce the claim for land bounty made by the heirs of
Jones in 1838, on the ground that he was a citizen of Virginia. The
State acted favorably and granted the heirs a large tract of land.
As neither Virginia nor Fredericksburg appear in the index, per-
haps we should not be surprised at the other omissions.

Mrs de Koven may or may not have written a thoroughly
satisfactory life of Jones. Time will tell. In the meantime it is
certainly the best we have and like the remains brought from Paris
will be a "good enough Jones." Let us join the gentleman, who, in
the New York Times proposed an epitaph for the monument at

"Blest be the man who spares these stones
And curst be he who doubts 'tis Jones."


Titles of Separate Articles are Indicated by Small Cahitals.

Aberdeen, 199

Abigail, ship, 92

Abingdon, 92

Aboriginal Remains East of the

Mississippi, Hand Book of

Notice, 431
Ackolas, 278
Adams, ship, 285
Adams, 55, 215, 216, 279
Adjutant General, xvii
Admiral, Lord High etc.. Order

BY, 1700, 392, et seq.
Admiralty, Court of, regulations,

348, 349
Admiralty, Lords of, to the

Governor of Virginia, 1700,

Admiralty, Vice, powers of, 230
Adventure, ship, 70
Affame, 374
Aftane, New, 373
Agar, 372, 373
Akehurst, 72
Alabama, 221
Albemarle, 9
Aldersley, 312
Aldworth, 313
Alexander, 196, 277
Alexandria, 212
Algiers, 258, 387, 388
AxciiERS AND England, Agree-
ment AS TO Ships, 1700, 387

et seq.
Ali Bashaw, 388
Alleghanies, 110
Allen, 201, 202, 218
Allibone, 211
Allentown, 188
Allerton, 311, 312. 385, 423
Allhallowes Barking, London, 425
Alison, 297, 299
Allison, 32, 161, 302, 339, 376, 379,

Allistead, 293
Allnutt, 49, 50, 51, 148, 291
Alverton, 243
Ambler, 82, 196
Amhrose, ship, 61
Amelia Co., 195, 433
American Army, 188-192
American Revolution, xvii
Ames, 421

Amherst Co., 184, 334
Anderson, ix, xvii, xviii, 86, 101,

205, 329
Andersons of Gold Mine, Va.,

notice, 447
Anderson, Richard C, notice, 87
Andrews, vii, 98
Anthony, 277
Antrim, xv
Apochankeno, 137
Appleby, 199
Appleby School, Virginians at,

197 et seq
Appleyard, 207
Appomattox River, 195
Arbuckle, 111, 223
Archer, 86
Archie Hope, 53, 402
Ardmcre, 373
Argall, 154, 210, 286
Arksey, 312
Arlington Hall, 251
Arlington (Lord), 33-44
Armistead, 30, 184, 196
Arms, Coat of, 107
Arnold, 190, 364
Arterberry, 257
Arthur, 290
Artillery Regiment, a. State

Line, 341
Ashland, Ky., 429
Ashby, 87


Ashton, 433

Assembly, General, to the Gov-
EBNOK, 1698, 76

Assembly, members of, orders in
regard to, 117

Astor, 19

Atchison, 196

Auditor, 434

Auditor Byrd's Account of Im-
port AND Export Duties,
1699, 175 et seq.

Attorney General, 395

Augusta Co., Va., Abstracts of
Records of Vol. ii, 1913 Re-
view, 334

Augusta County, Pension De-
claration from, 8 et snq.

Augusta Militia, 10 et seq.

Augusta, Ga., 444

Austen-Leigh, vii, 196

Avery, 184

Aylett's Warehouse, 90

Bacon, 63, 84, 132, 234-240, 361,

Bacon, Nathaniel, King's Let-
ter TO THE Duke of York
IN Regard to, 1676, 235

Bacon, Nathaniel, King's Let-
ter TO Lord Baltimore in
Regard to, 1676, 236

Bacon's Oath, 240

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