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CASES DECIDED



IN THE



Supreme Court of Appeals



OF



VIRGINIA



VOL, CXXI.



RICHMOND:

DAVIS BOTTOM, SUPERINTENDENT OF PUBLIC PRINTINQ.
1918.



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:^!»:rM9



APPEALS PRKSS. PRINTKRS MCISTKR A SMKTHIK. BINOKRS



y

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JUDGES



OF THE



Supreme Court of Appeals

DUBING THE TIME OF THESE BEPORTS



SfTAFFORD GORMAN WHITTLE, President
JOSEPH LUTHER KELLY
FREDERICK WILMER SIMS
ROBERT RIDDICK PRENTIS
MARTIN PARKS BURKS



ATTORNEY-GENERAL

JOHN GARLAND POLLARD



STATE REPORTER

THOMAS JOHNSON MICHIE



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CITATION OF VIRGINIA REPORTS



1 Washington 1 Virginia

2 Washington 2 Virginia

1 Virginia Cases 3 Virginia

2 Virginia Cases 4 Virginia

1 Call 5 Virginia

2 Call 6 Virginia

3 Call 7 Virginia

4 Call 8 Virginia

5 Call 9 Virginia

6 Call ; 10 Virginia

1 Hening& Munford.-ll Virginia

2 Hening & Munford. . 12 Virginia

3 Hening & Munford. . 13 Virginia

4 Hening & Munford.. 14 Virginia

1 Munford 15 Virginia

2 Munford 16 Virginia

3 Munford 17 Virginia

4 Munford 18 Virginia

5 Munford 19 Virginia

6 Munford 20 Virginia

Gilmer 21 Virginia

1 Randolph 22 Virginia

2 Randolph 23 Virginia

3 Randolph 24 Virginia

4 Randolph 25 Virginia

5 Randolph 26 Virginia

6 Randolph 27 Virginia

1 Leigh 28 Virginia

2 Leigh 29 Virginia

3 Leigh 30 Virginia

4 Leigh 31 Virginia

5 Leigh 32 Virginia

6 Leigh 33 Virginia

7 Leigh 34 Virginia

8 Leigh 35 Virginia

9 Leigh 36 Virginia

10 Leigh 37 Virginia



11 Leigh 38 Virginia

12 Leigh 39 Virginia

1 Robinson 40 Virginia

2 Robinson 41 Virginia

1 Grattan 42 Virginia

2 Grattan 43 Virginia

3 Grattan 44 Virginia

4 Grattan 45 Virginia

5 Grattan 46 Virginia

6 Grattan 47 Virginia

7 Grattan 48 Virginia

8 Grattan 49 Virginia

9 Grattan 50 Virginia

10 Grattan 51 Virginia

11 Grattan 52 Virginia

12 Grattan / .53 Virginia

13 Grattan 54 Virginia

14 Grattan 55 Virginia

15 Grattan 56 Virginia

16 Grattan 57 Virginia

17 Grattan 58 Virginia

18 Grattan 59 Virginia

19 Grattan 60 Virginia

20 Grattan 61 Virginia

21 Grattan 62 Virginia

22 Grattan 63 Virginia

23 Grattan 64 Virginia

24 Grattan 66 Virginia

25 Grattan 66 Virginia

26 Grattan 67 Virginia

27 Grattan 68 Virginia

28 Grattan 69 Virginia

29 Grattan 70 Virginia

30 Grattan 71 Virginia

31 Grattan 72 Virginia

32 Grattan 73 Virginia

33 Grattan 74 Virginia



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CASES REPORTED



Page

Abernathy and Seaboard A. L. Ry 173

Alexander v. Critcher 723

Appalachia v. Mainous 666

Arnold and Virginia Ry., etc., Co 204

Asberry v. Mitchell 276

Atkinson and Snead 182

Awtrey v. Norfolk & W. Ry. Co 284

Baber and Baber 740

Baber v. Baber 740

Bak^r and Gehl 23

Barrow v. Prince Edward Co 1

Barrow and Watkins 236

Barsa v. Kator 290

Beazley and Eastern, etc., Corp 4

Blair v, Broadwater 301

Board of Supervisors v. Cahoon 768

Board of Supervisors v. Coons 783

Broadwater and Blair 301

Brotherhood of R. T. v. Vickers 311

Brown and The Ferries Co 13

Buchanan and Maddux 102

Cahoon and Board of Supervisors 768

Campbell County and Moorman T12

Clinchfield Coal Corp. v. Ray 318

Clinchfield Coal Corp. and Steinman 611

Clinch Valley Min. and Matoaka Coal 522

Coleman and Jones' Adm'rs 86

Commonwealth and Cooper's Adm'r 338

Commonwealth and Jeffries. 425

Commonwealth and Martin 808

Commonwealth <md Pine 812

Consolidated Tramway Co. v. Germania Bank 331



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vi Cases Reported, 121 Va.

Coons and Board of Supervisors 783

Cooper's Adm'r v. Commonwealth 338

Critcher -and Alexander 723

Dalton and Ljmchburg Foundry Co 480

Damascus Lumber Co. and Wadkins 691

Dey amd Zimmerman Co 709

Dickens v. Radford- Willis, etc., R. Co 353

Easter, Etc., Corp. v. Beazley 4

Ferries Co. v. Brown ; . 13

Fisher and Washington-Virginia Ry. Co 229

Fleenor v. Hensley 367

Fraley v. Nickels 377

French v. Virginian R. Co 388

Garrett v. Smead 390

Gateway Milling Co. and Walker 217

Gaulding v, Virginian Railway Co 19

Gehl V. Baker 23

Gent and Sutherland 643

Germania Bank and Consolidated Tramway Co 331

Gooch V. Old Dominion Trust Co 29

Gooch V. Suhor 35

Goria Bros, and Marks 491

Gravatt v. Lane 44

Hagan and Roberts 573

Hanckel v. Holcombe 392

Harman v. Moss 399

Hayden and Norfolk & W. R. Co 118

Henry Myers & Co. v. Lewis 50

Hensley and Fleenor 367

Holcombe and Hanckel 392

Hurt and Hurt 413

Hurt V. Hurt 413

Jeffries v. Commonwealth 425

Jennings v. Marston 79

Johnston v, Pearson 453

Jones' Adm'rs v. Coleman 86



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Cases Reported, 121 Va. vii

Kabler's Adm'r v. Southern Ry. Co 90

Kator and Barsa 290

Kincaid and McCorkle & Son 546

Lane and Gravatt. 44

Lester and Riner 563

Lewis cmd Henry Myers & Co 50

Lewis and Lewis 99

Lewis V. Lewis 99

Ley and Yates 265

London Bros. v. National Exchange Bank 460

Louisville & Nashville R. Co. v. Rieley 469

Lynchburg Foundry Co. v. Dalton 480

Maddux v. Buchanan 102

Mainous and Appalachia 666

Marks v. Goria Bros 491

Marston and Jennings 79

Martin v. Commonwealth 808

Matney v. Yates 506

Matoaka Coal v. Clinch Valley Min 522

McCorkle & Son v. Kincaid 546

Mitchell and Asberry 276

Moorman v. Campbell County 112

Moss and Harman 399

Myers & Co. v. Lewis 50

National Exchange Bank and London Bros 460

Nickels and Fraley 377

Norfolk & W. R. Co. v. Hayden 118

Norfolk & W. Ry. Co. and Awtrey 284

Norfolk Hosiery Co. v. Westheimer 130

Norfolk Southern R. Co. v. Whitehead 139

Old Dominion Trust Co. and Gooch 29

Owings amd Sachs 162

Pearson and Johnston 453

Peden v. Peden's Adm'r 147

Peden's Adm'r and Peden 147

Peters and Peters 559



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viii Cases Reported, 121 Va.

Peters v. Peters 559

Pine V. Commonwealth 812

Prince Edward Co, and Barrow 1

Prophet and Virginia Iron, etc., Co 685

Radford- Willis, etc., R. Co. and Dickens 353

Ray and Clinchfield Coal Corp 318

Richmond & R. R. R. Co. and Turner 194

Rieley and Louisville & Nashville R. Co 469

Riner v. Lester 563

Roberts v. Hagan 573

Robinett v. Taylor 583

Sachs V. Owings 162

Saxon Lime, etc., Co. and School Board 594

School Board v, Saxon Lime, etc., Co 594

Seaboard A. L. Ry. v. Abemathy 173

Second National Bank and Triplett. 189

Shankle v. Spahr 598

Smead and Garrett 390

Snead v. Atkinson 182

Southern Ry. Co. and Kabler's Adm'r 90

Spahr and Shankle 598

Steinman v. Clinchfield Coal Corp 611

Suhor and Gooch 35

Supervisors v. Cahoon 768

Supervisors v. Coons 783

Sutherland v. Gent 643

Taylor and Robinett 583

The Ferries Co. v. Brown 13

Triplett v. Second National Bank 189

Turner v. Richmond & R. R. R. Co 194

Vicars v. Weisiger Clothing Co 679

Vickers and Brotherhood of R. T 311

Virginia Iron, etc., Co. v. Prophet 685

Virginian Railway Co. and Gaulding 19

Virginian Railroad Co. and French 383

Virginia Ry., etc., Co. v. Arnold 204



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Cases Reported, 121 Va. ix



Wadkins v. Damascus Lumber Co 691

Walker v. Gateway Milling Co 217

Washington- Virginia Ry. Co. v. Fisher 229

Watkins v. Barrow 236

Weaver and Wood and Others 250

Weisiger Clothing Co. and Vicars 679

Westheimer and Norfolk Hosiery Co 130

Whitehead and Norfolk Southern R. Co 139

White and White 244

White V. White 244

Wohlford and Wohlford 699

Wohlford V. Wohlford 699

Wood and Others v. Weaver 250

Yates V. Ley 265

Yates and Matney 506

Zimmerman Co. v. Dey 709



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CASES CITED IN OPINIONS.



Adams v, Barnes, 17 Mass.

367 634

Adkins v. City of Richmondi

93 Yn^ 9j^ ©2]^

Ah Sin V. Vittman,' 198 U.' S.

500 828

Aldrich v. Press Printing Co.,

9 Minn. 133 (Gil. 123).... 73
Allen v. Bryant, 166 Cal. 266. 622
Allen V. Paul, 24 Gratt, (65

Va.) 334 755

Allison V. Allison, 101 Va.

543-4 420

American Hide & Leather Co.

V. Chalkley, 101 Va. 468,

463 228

American Sand & Gravel Co.

V. Spencer, 55 Ind. App.

523 261

Anderson v. Besser, 131 Mich.

481 261, 263

Anderson v. Harvey, 10 Gratt.

(51 Va.) 386 639

Anthony's Case, 88 Va. 847..

838, 862
Architects & Builders v. Stew-
art, 68 W. Va. 514 888

Arkansas Smokeless Coal Co.

V. Pippins, 92 Ark. 138. . . 201
Arrington's Case, 87 Va. 96. .

833, 851
Atkins V. Edwards, 88 Va.

316 34

Atlantic Coast Line R. Co. v.

Tredway's Adm'r, 120 Va.

735 73

Atlantic Glass Co. v. Paulk, 83

Ala. 404 63, 69

Aurora City v. West, 7 Wall.

82, 93 620

Bailey v. Haynes, 65 Wash.

57 260

Baker v. Berry Hill Co., 109

Va. 776 673

Bank v. Catzen, 63 W. Va. 535. 280
Bank of Columbia v, Hagner,

1 Pet (U. S.) 455 169

Bargamin v. Clarke, 20 Gratt.

(61 Va.) 644 766

Barley r. Byrd, 95 Va. 316. . . 753
Barnep v. Barnes, 66 Me. 286. . 707
Barwick v. English Joint Stock

Co., L. R. 2 Exch. 259. .64, 66
Basket v. Hassel, 107 U. S.

610 608, 609



Bass V. Norfolk Ry. Co., 100

Va. 1 486

Bath Savings Inst. v. Hathorn,

88 Me. 122 874

Battaile v, Maryland Hospital,

76 Va. 69 186, 662

Beale v. Botetourt Justices, 10

Gratt. (51 Va.) 281 467

Beall V. Taylor, 2 Gratt. (43

Va.) 535 455

Bean v. Simmons, 9 Gratt. (50

Va.) 389, 391 779

Beede v. Lamprey, 64 N. H.

510 261

Bennett v. Booth, 70 W. Va.

264 572

Benton Land Co. v, Zeitler,

182 Mo. 251 48

Benton's Case, 91 Va. 782.838, 863
Berenson v. Butcher, 209 Mass.

208 203

Berry v. Wilcox, 48 Am. St.

Rep. 711 347

Bertram v. Commonwealth, 108

Va. 902 448

Bettman v. Harness, 42 W. Va.

433 639

Bigler v. Baker, 40 Neb. 325. . 281
Big River Lead Company v. St.

Louis, etc., Co., 123 Mo.

App. 394 384

Bishop's Case, 13 Gratt. (54

Va.) 785 834

Blackstone Mfjr. Co. v, Allen,

117 Va. 452 555

Blair v. Marye, Auditor, 80

Va. 485 796, 797

Board of Supervisors of Wash-
ington County V. Saltville

Land Co., 99 Va. 640 238

Boapd of Trustees v. Bruner,

175 111. 307 223

Bolles Woodenware Co. v.

United States, 106 U. S.

432 : 261, 262

Bond V. Griffin, 74 Miss. 599. . 262

Pond V. Pettit, 89 Va. 474 719

Boon V, Simmons, 88 Va. 258,

259 7W

Booth V, Illinois, 184 U. S.

425 828

Boshor V. Richmond, etc., Co.,

89 Va. 455 361



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Xll



Cases Cited in Opinions, 121 Va.



Boskc t'. Comingore, 177 U. S.

4.39 158

Bovvc V. City of Richmond, 109

Va. 254 720

Lo\vkj3 V. Soapstone Co., 115

Va. 701 489

Bouii an r. Montcalm, Judge,

V^<) Mich. 608 •. . . 158

Boyd r. Bio>\n, 47 W. Vn. 238. 281
Boyd r. Rittcr Lumber Co., 119

Va. 348 844

Bradshaw r. So. Boston R. Co.,

l;io Mass. 407 475

Brenham v. Smith. 120 Va. 30. 578
Brewer v. Nash, 16 R. I. 458. . 684
Bright V. McCullough, 27 Ind.

223, 230 240

Biistol Iron & Steel Co. v.

Caldwell, 95 Va. 47 640

Bristow V. Home Building Co.,

91 Va. 18 34

Brcadfoot r. Dver, 3 Munf. ( L7

Va.) 350 ] 336

Brock r. Bcur, 100 Va. 562... 191
BiDckenbrouj^h v. Brocken-

bvQugh, 31 Gratt. (72 Va.)

590 ^ 334

Brovn v. Armistead, 6 Rand.

(27 Va.) 594 283

Brown V. United States, 164

U. S. 225 315

Brunev ?». Bunting, 15 Va. Law

Reg. 516 346

Buc})rmn r. Bel so v, 65 App.

Pfv. 5S 708

Buch^^nan r. King, 22 Gratt.

^^3 Va.) 422 759

Bullitt V. Sturgeon, 127 Ky.

332 823

Bunn V. Markham, 7 Taunt.

224 608

Buntin t\ City of Danville, 93

Va. 200 234

Burdine v. Burdine, 98 V51.

515 699,703

Burgwyn v. Jones, 113 Va.

511 516

Burkholder v, Ludlam, 30

Gratt. (71 Va.) 255 704

Butler V, Board, etc., 99 Ark.

100 823

Button V. State Corporation

Com., 105 Va. 634. . . .823, 826
Caminetti 1'. United States,

242 U. S. 470 466

Campbell v. Alsop, 116 Va. 46. 172
Campbell v. Bryant, 104 Va.

516 241



Campbell v. Hall, 16 N. Y.

575 634

Campbell v. Hall, 16 N. Y.

579, 580 636

Camp V. Wilson, 97 Va. 265,

270 227

Caperton r. Ballard, 4 W. Va.

420 754

Caperton v. Gregory, 11 Gratt.

(52 Va.) 508 759, 761

Cardwell 1'. N. & W. R. Co.,

114 Va. 500, 506 693

Carna£»v v. Woodcock, 2 Munf.

(16 Va.) 240 398

Carney r. Kain, 40 W. Va.

758 589

Carpenter, Estate of, 94 Cal.

406 707

Carpenter 1'. Gray, 113 Va.

518 27

Carper r. Norfolk & W. R. Co.,

95 Va. 43 622. 628

Carrington v. Ficklin, 32

Gratt. (73 Va.) 670, 677.. 272
Carter v, Allan, 21 Gratt. (62

V?.) 241 682

Crrt-r r. T)ixon, 69 Gn. 82 708

Carter v. Hough, 89 Va. 503. . 621
Ca-tor '>\ Wood, 103 Va. 68. . . 753
C^s(- r. P-nnison, 9 R. I. 88. . 608
Cash V. Humphreys, 98 Va.

^77 633

Castle r. Bullard, 23 How.

172 72

Central Coal & Coke Co. v.

John Henry Shoe Co., 69

Ark. 302 263

Centrnl Nat. Bank 1'. Hazard,

30 Fed. 484, 486 634

Centr.J P. Co. r. Lippman, 110

Ga. 665 479

Chan'^v r. Bryan, 16 Lea (84

Tenn ) 63 707

Chapman v. Chapman, 91 Va.

409 759

Chapman v. Forsyth, 2 How.

(U. S.) 202 738

Chapman v. Real Estate Co.,

96 Vn. 177, 188 693

Chapnclle v. Puget Sound Re-
duction Co., 27 Wash. 63. . 262

Charles v. Charles, 8 Gratt.

M9 Va.> 487 41

Chr<=:. ^- O. P. Co. V. Corbin's

Adm'x, 110 Va. 700.. . .95, 98
Ches. * O R. Co. v. Kidd, 116

Va. 822 94

Ches. & O. R. Co. V. McCar-

tVv, \\A Va. 181, 188 10



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Cases Cited in Opinions, 121 Va.



Xlll



Ches. & O. R. Co. v. Meadows,

119 Va. 33 199, 490

Ches. & O. R. Co. v. Paris, 111

Va. 41 216

Ches. & O. R. Co. v. Pierce, 103

Va. 99 485

Ches. & 0. R. Co. v. Rison, 99

Va. 18 629

Ches. & O. R. Co. v. S-iunders,

116 Va. 826 94

Ches. & O. R. Co. v. Shipp, 111

Va. 381 96, 97, 98

Ches. & O. R. Co. v. Sparrow,

98 Va. 630 485

Ches. & 0. R. Co. v. Stojanow-

ski. 112 C. C. A. 310 384

Ches. & O. R. Co. v. Tinsley,

116 Va. 603 289

Chester v, Dickerson, 54 N. Y.

1 68

Chisholm r. Machine Co., 160

III. 101 388

Chrisman v, Harman, 29

Gratt. (70 Va.) 494 620

Christian v. Worshara, 78 Va.

100 33

City Gas Co. v. Webb, 117 Va.

269 329

City of Galena v. Amy, 5 Wall.

705 774

Citv of Newport News, etc., v.
* McCormick, 106 Va. 517. .

214, 215, 216
City of Norfolk v, Anthony,

117 Va. 777 178

Clark V. Beard, 59 W. Va.

669 761

Clark V. Buckmobile Co., 107

App. Div. 120 309

Clark V. Hardgjove, 7 Gratt.

(48 Va.) 399,407 582

Clark V. Holdridge, 12 App.

Div. 613 262

Clinch field Coal Corporation v.

Cruise, 117 Va. 645. . .487, 490
Clopton's Case, 109 Va. 813. . . 851
Coda V, Thompson, 39 W. Va.

67 457

Cohen t\ Meadow, 119 Va.

429 303, 305

Coit V. Patchen, 77 N. Y. 533. . 707
Cole r. Andrews, 74 Minn. 93 . . 154
Coles* Heirs r. Jamerson, 112

Va. 311 721

Colej? r. McRae, 6 Rand. (27

Va.) 644 640

Collfv V. Summers, etc., Co.,

119 Va. 439 193



Commonwealth v. Austin, 97

Mass. 505 846

Commonv/ealth v. Brown, 91

Va. 762, 771 448

Commonwealth v. Drewry, 15

Gratt. (56 Va.) 1, 5 824

Commonwealth v. Hourigan,

89 Ky. 313 315

Commonwealth v. Iverson

Brown, 91 Va. 762 357

Commonwealth v. Kelly, 8

Gratt. (49 Va.) 632 234

Commonwealth v, Morgan, 107

Mass. 109 68

Commonwealth v, Phillips, 16

Pick. (Mass.) 211 834

Commonwealth v. United Cigar-
ette Machine Co., 120 Va.

835 341

Condon v. South Side R. R.

Co., 14 Gratt. (65 Va.)

302, 313 Ill

Connecticut River Sav. Bk. v.

Albee, 64 Vt. 571 374

Connelly v. Western Union

Tel. Co., 100 Vn. 51 289

Conner v. Citizens' St. R. Co.,

105 Ind. 62 211

Conrad v. Ellison-Harvey Co.,

120 Va. 458 135

Continental NatT Bank v. First

Nat'l Bank, 108 Tenn.

374 388

Cook V. Bondurant, 85 Va. 47. . 633
Cook V. Daugherty, 99 Va. 590. 633
Cottrell r. Mathews, 120 Va.

847 737

County of Alleghany v. Par-

rish, 93 Va. 615 759

Coupland v, Anderson, 2 Call.

(6 Va.) 106 381

Crallo V. Cralle, 81 Va. 773. . . 34
Crawford v. Floyd, 112 Va.

699 721

Creekmur v. Creekmur, 75 Va.

430, at p. 436 750

Cromer v, Cromer, 29 Gratt.

(70 Va.) 283 738

Croston v. Male, 56 W. Va.

205 579

! Cullen V. Collins, 56 Tex. Civ.

App. 620 268

' Cunningham v. Castle, 127

; App. Div. 580 309

Gushing v. Edwards, 68 Iowa

145 634

Cutchin V. Roanoke, 113 Va.

475 191



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XIV



Cases Cited in Opinions, 121 Va.



Cutting V. Gilman, 41 N. H.

14/ 608

Dagnall v. So. Ry. Co., 69 S.

C. 110 478

Dallis V. Griffin, 117 Ga. 408. . 448
banitls V, Tearney, 102 U. S.

415 684

Darcy v. Presbyterian Hos-
pital, 202 N. Y. 259 286

Davis V. Beazley, 75 Va. 491. . 270
Davis V. Wakelee, 156 U. S.

680 684

Day V, Roberts, 101 Va. 249. .

238, 239, 240, 241
Deacons v, Doyle, 75 Va. 258,

261 572

De Chambrun v, Campbell (C.

C), 54 Fed. 231 629

Deckert v, Chesapeake West-
ern Co., 101 Va. 804 633

De Farges v. ftyland, 87 Va.

404 336

Delaney v. Plunkett (Ga.), 91

S. E. 561 823

Demaine v, Washington, etc.,

Co., 2 Va. Dec. 499 181

Denier v. Hill, 123 Ind. 68 281

Deveney v. Gallagher, 20 N. J.

Eq. 33 639

Dewitt V, Saner-Whiteman

Lumber Co. (Tex. Civ.

App.), 155 S. W. 980.... 263

Dey V. Martin, 78 Va. 1 675

Diament v. Colloty, 66 N. J.

Law 295 888

Diamond 'State Iron Co. r.

Rarig, 93 Va. 595 621

Dismal Swamp Land Co. v. Mc-

Cauley's AdmV, 85 Va.

16 766

District Road Board v. Spil-

man, 117 Va. 201 448

Dix's Case, 110 Va. 907

838, 841, 861, 864
Doe V. Dixon, 9 East 15. .499, 501

Doe V. Martin, 4 T. R. 66 70

Dohmen Co. v. Insurance Co.,

96 Wis. 38 388

Donovan v. Boston, etc., R. Co.

158 Mass. 450 384

Donoven r. Con sol. Coal Co.,

187 111. 28 261

Dooley v. Christian, 96 Va.

534 715

Doran v. Thomsen, 76 N. J. L.

754 303, 307

Dotson V. Kirk, 180 Fed. 15. . . 361
Dowdv's Case, 9 Gratt. (50

Va.) 727... 838, 839, 862, 863



Doyle V. Patterson, 84 Va. 800. 381
Duke V. Norfolk & W. R. Co.,

106 Va. 152 621

Dunn V. Hall, 1 Ind. 344 66

Durant Min. Co. v. Percy, etc,

Co., 93 Fed. 166 261

Durant v, Rogers, 71 111. 122. . 74
Durant v, Rogers, 87 111. 508. . 74
Dyar v. Farmington, 70 Me.

515 240

Eakin v. McCraith, 2 Wash.

T. 112 634

Easley v, Barksdale, 75 Va.

274, 283 631

East Jellico Coal Co. v. Stew-
art, 24 Ky. Law Rep. 420. 201
Echols V. Brennan, 99 Va. 150.

186, 562
Eckerson v, Des Moines, 137

Iowa 452 823

Eckles V. N. & W. R. Co., 96

Va. 69, 71 698

Ellis V. Buzzell, 60 Me. 209,

211 760

Elmore v. Sands, 64 N. Y. 512. 475
Erlick V. Heis, 193 Ala. 669.. 307
Estateof Spencer, 96 Cal. 448. 707
Evans v. Dyke Automobile Co.,

121 Mo. App. 266 309

Evers v. Hudson, 36 Mont. 135. 823
Ewbank r. Nutting, 7 C. B.

797 64

Ewing V. Ewing, 2 Leigh (29

Va.) 343 608

Ewing V. Folsom, 67 Iowa 65. . 109
Exchange Bank, etc., v. Hines,

3 Ohio St. 15 240

Express Co. v. WHiittle, 194

Ala. 406 823

Fallon r. Worthington, 13 Colo.

559 684

Farris v. Am. Tel. & Tel. Co.,

84 S. C. 102 261

Faulkner v, Davis, 18 Gratt.

(59 Va.) 651, 677-8 33

Ferguson v. Daughtrey, 94 Va.

308, 315 336

Ferrimer's Case, 112 Va. 897. 851
Fidelity Loan Co. v, Dennis,

93 Va. 504 640

Fielder v. Collier. 13 Ga. 499. 388
Fields r. Virorinia Ry. Co., 114

Va. 558 ^. 489

Findlay v. Hinde, 1 Pet. 242. . 638

Fink V. Denny, 75 Va. 663 633

Finlev v. Atlantic Transport

Co., 90 Misc. Rep. 480 286

Finlev r. Conlan, 152 App. Div.

202 203



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Cases Cited in Opinions, 121 Va.



XV



Fironen's Ins. Co. v. Seaboard
Air Line Ry., 138 N. C.

42 884

Fisher v. Brown, 70 Fed. 670. . 263
Flanary v. Kane, 102 Va. 647,

557 633

Fletcher's Case, 106 Va. 840. .

838, 851, 863, 865, 866
Flight r. Bolland, 4 Russ. 298. 281
Floyd, Tr. v. Harding, 28

Gratt. (68 Va.) 405 466

Forde's Case, 16 Gratt. (57

Va.) 552 287

Forsjrth v. City of Hammond,

166 U. S. 506 629

Franklin v. Peers, 95 Va. 602. . 391
Frederick v, Marquette, etc.,

R Co., 37 Mich. 342. .475, 476
Freeman v, Atchison R. Co.,

71 Kan. 237 476

Frudic v. Stale, 66 Neb. 244. . 846
Fry V. Payne, 82 Va. at p. 761 . 758
Fulkerson v. Taylor, 102 Va.

314 456

Fulton V. Cox, 117 Va. 669. . . 673
Gaines v. Merryman, 95 Va.

660 234

(Jano V. Fisk, 43 Ohio St. 462. 608
Gardner v. Railroad, 150 U. S.

349 626, 628

Garrett v. Finch, 107 Va. 25. . 673
Gassman v. Jarvis (C. C), 100

Fed. 146 628

(Gentry v. United States, 101

Fed. 51 262

Ckorge H. Hammond Co. v,

Johnson, 38 Neb. 244.... 201
Gilbert v. Emmons, 42 111.

143 75

Glenn v. Southern Express Co.,

170 N. C. 286 823

Gordon v. Joyner, 112 Va. 847. 722
Gosler v. Eagle Sugar Re-
finery, 103 Mass. 331 224

Gray v. Atlantic Trust Co.,

113 Va. 580 335

Green v. Penning^ton, 105 Va.

801 664

Green v. Weller, 32 Miss. 650. 825
Greever, etc., v. Bank of Gra-
ham, 99 Va. 547 191

Gregory v. Peoples, 80 Va.

355 374

Griggsby v. Osbom, 82 Va.

371 704

Griggsby v. Osbom, 82 Va.

373 705

Grigsby v. Weaver, 6 Leigh

(32 Va.) 215 374



Gring v. Lake Dmmmond Co.,

110 Va. 754 27

Grinnell v. Phillips, 1 Mass.

530 70

Grogan v. C. & O. Ry. Co., 39

W. Va. 415 476

Grund v. Van Vleck, 69 111.

479 75

Guarantee Trust & Safe Dep.

Co. V. Drew, 107 La. 251.. 263
Guillon V. Peterson, 89 Pa.

163 74

Guyot V, Butts, 4 Wend. (N.



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