Calendar of Virginia State papers and other manuscripts : ... preserved in the Capitol at Richmond online

. (page 27 of 74)
Online LibraryVirginiaCalendar of Virginia State papers and other manuscripts : ... preserved in the Capitol at Richmond → online text (page 27 of 74)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook

To 1% quarts of whiskey furnish' d the In-
dians 7.



of his


To the Great Waryors an Cheiffs of the Chickasaws' Nation 0/ Indians ;

Friends and Brothers :

The great Council of Virginia haveing Appointed us, the Sub- Address
seribers, Commissioners to meet such of your Cheiffs as may be appointed carried by
By your nation. We gladly Receive the Command, wishing for an oppor- ^^^"^ ^'
tunity of facilitating a happy peace with your nation, not doubting But
that the Great man Above will smile on our Friendly Intentions.

In order thereto, we have sent Maj'r John Read, one of our waryers, to
wait on You, and to appoint a time and place of meeting, when we flatter


1787. ourselves of a friendly Interview, and that our Determination may be
March 8th perfectly agreeable to both Countries.

We subscribe ourselves

Your Friends and Brothers,



Washington Since my last I have received certain advices that a party of men,

county something less than one hundred, was sent out from Lincoln County under
Colo. John Logan, to attack and destroy a Small Town of the Cherokees
that lies on the north side of the Tenasee and below Cumberland Moun-
tain, who are blamed with depredations on the Kentucky-Path. That
friendly ^ft^'' traveling a few days they came on a fresh trace of Indians, and pur-
Indians by sued until they cross' d Cumberland Mountain. Not far from thence they
fell in with the Indians, Killed seven, among whom was a Chief, and
wounded several others. Our people had one man killed and another
wounded. The party of Indians proves to be hunters from the friendly
Towns, to the number of 17, and was returning with their skins. The
Chief that was killed belonged to Chota. On the news reaching the
Towns the Indians assembled in a rage, blamed the Virginians, and threat-
ened to take satisfaction. Since this event, a Deputation from the Creeks,
Choctaws, and Chickassas pass'd through the Cherokee Towns, and is
now at Mr. Sevier's on Nola-Chuckee. They are conducted by a Mr. Wood
and Mr. Wells, and say they are going to Congress to lay before them
the true state of the affairs of the Southern Indians.

Whether this measure of the other Tribes, and the pains that has been
taken to excuse the Virginia Government from intentionally attacking the
friendly Cherokees, may divert them from their purpose of revenge,
seems to be doubtful, as appearances of hostile parties has lately been
discovered in the wilderness near the Kentucky-Path.

The essay I have made to prevent blood-shed I hope will meet with the
approbation of Government.

I am, hon'ble Sir,

Your most obedient Servant, &c., &c.

March 9th Wm. SINCLAIR TO Gov. Randolph,

Ohio county Applying to be appointed Surveyor N. West of the Ohio River, on be-
half of the State of Virginia, in place of Major Parker, resigned. Col.
forThe"^ Hutchings, Geographer and surveyor-General, had deputed a Young man

northwest from Connecticut, which likely will Draw Virginia's Proportion to Centre
in that State. He is ready to give the security required upon the smallest


Andrew Dunscomb 1787.

Requests the Executive of Va. to certify to the Auditor of Public Ac- March 12th
counts the sallary allowed him as Commissioner for ascertaining and Richmond
stating the claims of this Commonwealth against the United States.

Bond of Christopher Roane, March 13th

In the penalty of one thousand pounds current money, for the faithful
performance of the duties of Searcher, in which bond he is joined by
Edm'd Ruffin, J'n'r, and Wm. Poythress.

Capt. John Jouett to Gov'r Randolph. March i6th


I arrived at this place the 27th day of last month, and have exerted Redstone
myself with all the occonomy and industry I was master of to raise men °'^

to guard the public Stores to the mouth of Dick's river ; but, much to my
surprise, found the men were not to be had on any other terms than to be
well paid for their Labour. I have engaged eight men, and not one for Measures
less than five pounds Virginia Currency. The Boat cost upwards of Thirty taken to
pounds, with a Canoe and Cloth to cover the boat, which will be sold with transport the
the boat. I shall sale the eighteenth, at all events, with what men I have
recruited, if I can get no more. I have all the men's receipts for their
pay and their Obligations for their performances in the boats. Capt. Price
arrived at this place yesterday with the Arms, &c., and more than one Condition of
muskett missing. They came to hand very rusty, a number of the ramrods *^^ arms, &c
lost, but can't inform you how many. A few of the Locks a little hurt,
but easily repaired. You will see, by my receipts, the quantity of powder,
which was delivered in very good order, as Capt. Price had twenty-two
new casks made at Winchester and stored it into the same. The Bayo-
netts, not more than one or two missing, and in good order. The Gen-
demen at Point Fork refused to deliver the flints. Capt. Rice bought,
for the use of the Boat, 50 flints and 25 lbs. of large shott, which he has
my receipt for. I now beg leave to spend my opinion about the care Cap-
tain Rice has taken of the arms, &c. I think it was not possible for the
arms to be delivered in better order, or with less damage, as he was
obliged to Pack the arms eighty miles thro' the mountains without cover,
but am sorry to say the arms were. Generally, the worst I ever saw. They
were all old pieces repaired, and of every kind that ever was made, but
am sure it was yours as well the Legislature's wish for us to have the best
that could be procured, and am as thankfuU as tho' they were the best in
the world.

I have the honor to be' &c.


1787. Receipt enclosed for twenty-three casks, containing two thousand eight

March i6th hundred and fifty-eight pounds of powder, also four hundred and ninety-
nine musketts with bayonets, from Point of Fork, &c.

March 16th Jos. Martin TO Gov. Ed. Randolph, of Va.

Long Island At my arrival to this place, the Assembly of the pretended State of

State of Franklin was sitting. I have been waiting some time to know the event.
L d Offi They have opened the Land office for that part of the Land lying between
opened French Broad and the Tenasee, which the Legislature of North Carolina
ceded to the Cherokee Indians. The people are settKng as far as the
Banks of the Tenesse, and have Improved on the South side of the River,
to the great disquiet of the Indians ; in short, they seem to take every
step that appears most productive to a war with them people. The Courts
established of Justice is again establish' d in SuUivan, Washington, and Hawkins
Counties, under North Carolina, which courts are much offended at the
Behaviour of the Franklinites respecting Indian affairs. Sullivan and
General Hawkins are very unanimous in favour of the old State. Washington
attack on inuch divided between Tipton and Sivere. Col. John Logan, from Ken-
Crow Town tucky, marched with about 130 men against a small Town that lies on the
north side of Tenesse, called Crow Town, but, missing his way, fell in with
some Hunters belonging to Chickamoga, killed seven, which has exasper-
ated the Indians very much. One of their warriors set out immediately with
a party to kill the Traders in the old Towns, but an Indian, who inclined
to be Friendly, with the assistance of a good Horse, reach' d the Towns
Notice ^ ^^'^ minutes before the others and gave notice to the Traders, who made
given, and their escape. They lost all their property except the horses they .rode,
escape ^t the arrival of the Indians they were in great rage that the Traders got
notice. They shot the Indian's Horse who informed them, took the
goods, &c., and returned to Chickamogga, leaving word that they lived
there, and any person that wanted satisfaction let them come there. He
then refers to a certain John Woods, an adventurer, who had lived with
the Choctaws, and at Fort Natchez with the Spaniards ; had been driven off
by the latter ; subsequently appointed Continental commissioner among
the Choctaws and discharged on account of incapacity, and being now in
desperate circumstances was about to appeal to Congress for an appoint-
ment, and would doubtless give his Excellency a call. Warns him against
this man and his associate, one Owens. He should set out the next day
for the Cherokees with the prisoners referred to in his last letter, and
should return as soon as practicable, and should keep the Governor in-
formed of events by Express, &c.




Arthur Campbell to Gov. Ed. Randolph.


By a former opportunity I had the honor of transmitting to your March 17th
Excellency some papers respecting our militia, and the apprehended dan- Washington
ger from the Cherokee Indians on account of the attack made Upon them county
fi-om Kentucky. On the ninth instant the Indians killed three persons in
a Settlement called Castle's Woods, near Clinch river. The enemy ap-
peared to be but few in number and went off in great haste, without at-
tempting to carry off Horses or other kind of booty. Some blames the
Cherokees for this onset, but there is more reason to suppose it was the
Shawnese, as that nation has, for some time past, been very troublesome
in Kentucky, having killed and captivated upwards of twenty persons
since new Year.

Orders, or papers sent by the bearer, Mr. Urban Ewing, would be safely
delivered, &c.

Thomas Jackson to Col. Jos. Martin, Superintendant of
Indian Affairs.
Dear Sir :

I have just returned from an unlucky Tower to the Cherokees.
I had been in the towns but about three weeks when I received informa-
tion, by an Indian man, that a parley, at the head of whom was the Foot
warrior, was a comeing to Tillico, where I then was, to take satisfaction for
some of their relations who had been killed on CUnch for Horse stealing.
These fellows pressed so close that I was hardly out of sight before they
reached the Town, and finding they had missed us (for their was an-
other white man in the Town with me), the foot warrior was so inraged
that he emediatiy looked for the man who gave us intelligence, and see-
ing his Horse hitched at a Door, he shot him down. The fellow who
owned him and gave me the intelligence was layin on a Cabbin in the
House, and when he heard the Gun he jumped to the door, when the foot
warrior told him he had a great mind to kill him for letting the white peo-
ple know he was coming, but since he could not get our scalps he would
take our property, which he did.

The property taken consisted of Horses and furs, belonging to himself
and one Tom Cade, who, a short time afterwards, was himself killed by
two Indians with whom he had been at variance a long time, &c.

March i8th

on Holston



Sundry Citizens

March 20th

Recommend Capt. Lewis Jones, of that place, for the office of Searcher Port Royal,
for that port, as he hath been accustomed to goe by water and served in Virginia
the navy of this State during the war,




March 21st




Copy of Bond

of Wm. Haymond, Nicholas Carpenter, John Powers, Hezekiah Davis-
son, Thos. Webb, John McCally, Daniel Davisson, Benj. Wilson, John
Prunty, George Jackson, "Benj. Coplin, John Goodwin, Edward Jackson,
and John P. Duvall, in the penalty of four thousand pounds current
money, for the faithful performance of their duties as Commissioners un-
der the Act of Assembly, authorizing " the opening a waggon Road from
the State Road to the mouth of the Little Kenhawa," &c.

March 21st

W. Short to Gov. Ed. Randolph.


By direction of Mr. Jefferson, who is absent, I have the honor of
Paris forwarding to your Excellency the *proceedings of the City of Paris on
Bust of the reception of the Marquis de la Fayette's bust, presented to them by
Lafayette jjjg State of Virginia. The French Packet, which sails in a few days, fur-
nishes the first opportunity which has been offered of conveying these
proceedings, and I make use of it with very great pleasure, as it allows me
to assure you, sir, of the sentiments of the most profound respect and per-
fect esteem, with which I have long had the honor of being
Your Excellency's most obedient and

most humble Servant, &c., &c.

March 21st

Proceedings of a General Court Martial,

Charges and
Colonel H.
, McGary

Wednesday Held by order of the Council for the trial of Colonel Hugh McGary, of
Mercer county, who was charged with murdering with a tomahawk or
small ax one of the Cheifs or King of the Shawnese Indians, named Ma-
lunthy, after the said Cheif had surrendered himself a Prisoner of war,
and was received as such and brought back to the Town of Macocheek.

Secondly, With acting in disobedience of orders, which was to spare all
prisoners, which orders were never countermanded.

Thirdly, With behaving in a disorderly manner in insulting and abusing
Lieutenant-Colo. Trotter, of Fayette County, for taking measures to pre-
vent the Prisoners being murdered, and swore, by God, he would chop him
down, or any other man who should attempt to hinder him from killing
them at any time.

Fourthly, With abusing several Field' Ofl&cers in a public manner, but
who were absent at Limestone on the return of the Expedition ; And his

* Not found Enclosed.


Conduct in general was unbecoming the character of a Gentleman and an 1787-
Officer. March 21st

Also, for the trial of Colonel Robert Patterson and Lieutenant-Colonel Charges,
James Trotter, of Fayette county, on complaint made by Colo. Hugh cofonel**^
McGary, That they had impressed one Barrel of Rum at Limestone, where Robert
the Troops crossed the Ohio River, and by so doing, and drinking part \f L^'^^ti'n-
of the same, and puting the Remainder on public Horses, and having ant-Colonel
twenty Beeves shot down without orders from the Commanding Officer, Jaines Trot-
or making application to the Commissary for provisions, and he present,
was the means of delaying the army more than one day. He further
complained that Colonel Trotter gave his men positive orders to shoot
down any man that killed an Indian after he was captured, and said orders
given in time of action, and not known what might be the consequence
the engagement. Whereof

Colonel Alexander Scott Bullet was President.


Colo. Andrew Hynes, Capt. David Cox,

Lieut.-Col. John Smith, Capt. Thos. Cunningham,

Lieut-Col. James Rogers, Capt. James Samuels,

Major Wm. Oldham, Capt. Wm. Barnet,

Maj'r Anthony Crockett, Capt. Joseph Kennedy, and

Capt. Moses Kerkendall, Capt. Jacob Storns.

John Steele, Judge-Advocate.

* * * * The Court, on maturely

considering the Evidence, together with the circumstances of the Findine
case, are of opinion that Colo. Hugh McGary is guilty of the first of the court,
charge, viz: of murdering Molunthy, the Indian King, after he had
surrendered himself a prisoner. Not guilty of the second charge,
viz.: Disobedience of Orders.

Guilty of the third charge, viz.: of abusing Col. Trotter, &c. In part
guilty of the fourth charge, viz.: That his conduct in general was unbe-
coming the character of an officer and a Gentleman ; And Sentence him
to be suspended for one year.

The court then proceeded, pursuant to adjournment, to consider the Trial oi
charges against Col. Robt. Patterson. Having considered the Charges Robert
and Evidence, are of opinion that the impressment of the Rum does not Patterson
come under their notice, and that the legality or illegality of it ought to
be determined by a civil Court. They are of opinion that the application
of the Rum impressed by Col. Patterson was, in some measure, irregular.



1787. He was guilty of disobedience of Orders in not making application to
March 21st the Commissary, and in proceeding to have the Beef killed without his
Sentence participation. They are of opinion that the army was not delayed by the
t se irrigularity of killing the Beeves, but that some waste was incurred thereby,
of Colonel and sentenced him to be severely Reprimanded by Colonel Levi Todd, of
Patterson Fayette County, at the head of his Regiment. There appearing no evi-
dence against Col. Trotter, he was released and restored to his Command.


York In behalf of Laurence Smith, sheriff of York, who had been induced to
take that office by the Magistrates, with the view of restoring Order im-
mediately after the capture of Yorktown, but who had not been able to
collect taxes from a people whose County had been desolated by the
Enemy, as had been the entire lower Country.

March 23d

Bill of Lading

Bordeaux For sixty-three cases of arms, shipped by Order of Thos. Jefferson, Esq.,
on account of the State of Virginia, to the Port of Dumfries, in that State.

March 24th VIRGINIA— ;<(? wit

tion in re-
gard to the
militia, &c

By his Excellency, Edmund Randolph, Esquire,

Governor of the Commonwealth :


Whereas, the defence of the Commonwealth is by the laws placed in
the Militia thereof, and no exertion for the maintenance of discipline
ought to be omitted, I do therefore, by and with the advice of the Council
of State, exhort all officers of the militia, of whatsoever rank, punctually
and faithfully to discharge their respective duties ; And I do moreover
declare, that every person failing herein shall be prosecuted in the most
exemplary manner allowed by law, But from my confidence in the patriot-
ism and character of the officers, I most sanguinely hope that a resort to
the penalties of the law will be unnecessary.

Given under my hand and the seal of the Commonwealth at Richmond,
this twenty fourth day of March, one thousand seven hundred and eighty-



Col. Joseph Martin to Gov'r Randolph. 1787.


At my arrival Hear Found the Indians in Greater Confusion Than March 25th
I Ever saw them. About Forty Had set out to war against Cumberland Chota
and Kentucky to Take Satisfaction For some of their Hunters that Was ;„" g^eat
Killed by Colo. Logan. Several others were preparing to set out. I sent conftisJon
to the Different Towns for them all to attend this Day in Chota, Which
they have done. I Had collected Four of their prisoners which was taken
in the course of the war, and Delivered them this day, which had a won-
derful affect. The Chieffs promises me that if the White People will let willing to be
Them Remain in peace that nothing will Induce them To Take up the peaceable
Hatchett or Join the Spaniards, but if they are to be killed whenever they
Go to Hunt, they must have Satisfaction. That they have often com-
plained to the white warriors without Redress. That the white people are
daily settling their lands, &c. * * * *

They had Kill'd one of their traders a few Days Before I got in. and
Plundered several others.

The Franklynists Have open'd a Land Office For all the Lands Be- The Frank-
tween French Broad River and Tennessee, which Lands the Legislature ™g fndia'n'f
reserv'd for the Indians. It Includes part of their Beloved Town, Chota, lands
and several of their Corn Feilds. I waited on some' of their leaders with
a Proclamation from Governor Caswell Ordering them off the S'd Lands.
Their Reply was that they had knowledge Enough to judge for them-
selves ; that they should not ask North Carolina nor no other power how
they were to be Govern' d.

I am told by some Gentlemen Lately from Fort Natchez, who came From Fort
through the Choctaw and Chickasaw Nations, that them Nations are much Natchez
Displeased at the Incroachments on the Cherokee Lands. They also in-
form me that the Governor of Natchez has Published a manifesto order-
ing all Americans out of the two Nations. It is certain that Mr. Benjamin
Jones, in the Choctaw Nation, has taken a Commission to the King of
Spain, in consequence of Which he Refused to accept of one from Geor-
gia. Mr. Jones is a man of character; has great Influence over the In-
dians ; has Lived among them many years ; was a known friend to Ame-
rica in the course of the late war. I shall do Every thing in my power to
keep the Cherokees at peace, tho' I fear it will be out of my power, as the
White People are Daily Setling on their Lands. Some have setled on
the Banks of the Tennessee. I am well assured that nothing will Remove
them but an armed Force.

I have the Honour to be, with Great Respect, &c., &c.


1787. Talk Enclosed with the Above.

Brother :

We are glad to see you, and give you a Harty welcome. We
have been looking for You a great while to see if nothing can be done for us
Indian talk Respecting our Lands. When you went Away you told us that you Ex-
*■? ]j^^"n pected Colo. Hawkins from Congress every day ; that he was a good man
and would do something for us. But we have heard nothing from him yet.
We now hope you cah tell us something about him. We have held seve-
ral Treaties with the Americans, when Bounds was always fixt and fair
The Ameri- Promises always made that the white People should not come over. But
cans take we always find that after a treaty they settle much faster than before, but
eir an s ^j,gp ^g Treated with Congress we made no doubt but we should have
Justice. We have been often told by People a great way off that we
should set still till all our Lands is Settled ; the Americans only ment to
Deceive us. We now begin to think it is true, tho' still hope that Con-
gress will take pity on us and have their people moved off our Lands. I
have done for to-day. I now want to 'hear what you have to say To us.
We hope you will tell us all you have heard Since you left us, and give us
your Advice, as you know all our concerns better than we do ourselves.
A string of beads. The above Talk, was Delivered by the Hanging Man
in Publick Convention, in Chota, the 24th March, 1787 to Joseph Martin,
&c., &c.

March 26th JOSEPH Nevill

Hardy Encloses his Bond to the Masters of William and Mary College as Co.
county Surveyor to Gov. Randolph, with request for the commission.

March 26th Alex'd'r Barnett, Co. Lieut., to Gov. Ed. Randolph.


Russell The eight Day of the present month, the Indians made an attempt

The°Indians °" hassles woods, on Clinch, and killed a woman and Two Childring and

attack- made their Escape in Such a manner that they Cou'd not be followed

Castle's with any certainty. The Inhabitants along our Frontier is scrupilous of a

Troublesome season after the woods Git green with Leaves, and have

ap'ly'd to me to order out spies, or some other way for their safety. On

my Part I know not what to Do in it. The militia Law is silent in it as

Extent of to spies or Look-outs in that sort, and wish, sir, to be instructed by you

frontier to how to Direct in it. I have a very Extensive frontier to consider for, at

Least one hundred and fourty or fifty miles in Length from Montgomery

Line to the Distent End in Powal's Valley, and not more than fifteen miles

inhabited in the wedth at the widest place, others not more than Ten or

Twelve, or about that mention, and nearly all parts of it Exposed to the



Ravage of the Enemy in time of the indian ware. My Request is, that 1787.
your Honour may consider our situation and order something by way of March 26th
spies for our safety. And please to point out in your instructions to me the

allowed p'r Day, and what the payment will be made in, for spies

or Look-outs.

Col. Jos. Nevill to Gov'r Randolph.

He is much in want of money to pay off the Expenses of the cutting
the Road which was to be cut by this State and the State of Maryland
over the Allegania mountain. The agent for the State of Maryland had
furnished his quota, but on account of the irregularities in the collecting
the Taxes, for which he had received warrants, endorsed by the Treasurer,
he had been disappointed in procuring the necessary funds.

March 27th




over the



Wm. Rose, Keep. P. Jail,

Online LibraryVirginiaCalendar of Virginia State papers and other manuscripts : ... preserved in the Capitol at Richmond → online text (page 27 of 74)