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than in three, &c.

J. Ambler, Treasurer, January 12th

Reports to the Executive the amount of the Taxes received on slaves for Treasury
the year 1786, ;^55,90i. 19. 0., of which ;^9,563. 5. 3. have been applied office
to Requisitions of Congress, and ^34,278. 10. 5. to the discharge of the
Interest on army debt, Remain' g in the Treasury in crop and Trasnfer
Tobacco, ;^i 2,060. 3. 4.

Andrew Re to the Executive, January 12th

Praying to be allowed the sum of ;£28i for his arrears of Pay and Rations
as Surgeon in the Illinois Regiment, from ist Jan'y, 1782, to 14th Jan'y,
1783, inclusive, &c.

Geo. Clendenin to Gov. Randolph. January 14th

Having observed that in the operations for defence of the Frontier of Richmond
Greenbrier, contracts are to be awarded for funishing the necessary sup-
plies, and having perfect confidence in the financial arrangements by which
it is to be done, he would cheerfully make the advances which the ne-
cessity of the case requires, but he is not able to do so. As the officer
and person upon whom the responsibility of providing for the defence of
the exposed and distressed Inhabitants along an extensive frontier will
depend, he urges the absolute necessity of immediate action on this sub-
ject. He is disposed to take a small contract himself for furnishing sup-
plies, knowing as he does the difficulty of persuading persons living
three hundred miles from the Capital, who have little confidence in the
Government's ability to pay, to advance the rations required. He will
leave Richmond the next morning, and will be happy to receive an answer
from his Excellency.

Joseph Martin to Gov. Randolph, of Va., January i6th

Giving him some accounts of Indian affairs in the south and S. west. Henry
Colo. Bledsoe, who lives at Cumberland, had called on him on his way county
from the assembly of N. Carolina, and informed him he had seen an Ex-
press- from Cumberland at Hillsborough from his brother, in Sumner
County, informing him that a short time before he left the Indians had


1788. made an attack at the Colo.'s Station, had wounded and carried off per-
January i5th sons ; had also attacked other parts of the country and killed about ten
persons. Spies had been out and discovered large encampments of them
along. Elk River. In December last they killed and scalpt Stephen Eng-
lish, near Laurel River, on the Kentucky Road ; also Wm. English and a
young woman on Holston, took a woman and four children, &c. From their
going down the river in canoes, it is suspected they were Cherokees. He
expects to set out for Georgia in a few days, and will pass quite through
the Cherokee Country, will attend their Councils and will find out what
their intentions are for the ensuing Spring.

Since writing the above, he has rec'd a dispatch from Tugola of the 2d
Jan'y. saying that the Indians had, a few nights before Christmass, made
an incursion into that country, had killed several men, women and chil-
dren, and had gone off towards the middle settlement of the Cherokees.
They had carried of some of Martin's horses, but the negroes got safely
into Cleaveland's Fort. "

January 22d Geo. CaTLETT,

Port Royal, Having heard that a Searcher was to be appointed for that place, lately
made a Port for vessels to deliver their cargoes, applies to the Executive
for the appointment, &c.


January 22d SamL. JOHNSTON, GoV. OF N. CAROLINA TO THE GoV. OF Virg'a.

Edenton Your letter of the 27th December, with the Act of the Legislature

of Virginia concerning the Convention to be held in June next, did not
reach me till this day. The Legislature of this State having been pro-
rogued on the 22d December last, I had not the pleasure of communicat-
ing to them the Friendly Attention of the State of Virginia to the Inte-
rests of her Sister States by laying before them that Act.

I have the Honor to be, with the highest Respect, Sir,

Y'r Excellency's most ob't Humble Servant.


Se?r1tTry "^of ^"^°'''"^"^ '^'"^ *^^^ °" moflday last seven States Assembled, namely:
Congress Massachusetts, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia
and South Carolina. From N. Hampshire came Mr. Gilman, from Con-
necticut Mr. Wadworth, from N. Carolina Mr. White, and from Georgia
Mr. Baldwin,

On the 22d, Congress proceeded to the election of a President, where-
upon His Excellency, Cyrus Griffin, was chosen, &c.


Gov. Saml. Huntington to Gov. Randolph of Va. 1788


I have been honoured with your Excellency's two letters of the 14th January 23d
of November and 27th of December, covering the several Acts of the Norwich
Legislature of the Commonwealth of Virginia, to which they respectively

I do myself the honour to acquaint your Excellency that on the gth
instant the Convention of this State ratified the foederal Constitution by a
majority of more than three to one.

With Sentiments of the highest respect,

I have the honour to be

Y'r Excellency's humble Serv't.

Governor Samuel Johnston January 25th

Acknowledges the receipt of a letter from the Governor of Virginia on Edenton,
the 17th inst., enclosing a copy of the Resolution of the Legislature of ■^°'^ j. ^^'■°'
Virginia concerning the boundary line between the two States, together
with an Act for cutting a navigable Canal from the Waters of Elizabeth
River, in Virginia, to the Waters of Pasquotank River in N. Carolina,
both of which he will take the earliest opportunity of laying before the
General Assembly, &c.

M. OsTER, F. Consul, to the Executive, January 27th

Pressing the claim of a French Subject, who having embarked in his own ves- Norfolk
sel for the West Indies, lost said vessel, and took passage in an American
vessel to Virginia in order to carry out certain instructions given by his
brother, the owner of the lost vessel. With him came three slaves, and
certain merchandize imported in the American vessel. These slaves and
the goods were the property of the owner of the lost vessel, who has
since died, and his surviving brother to secure them, placed them in
charge of the Captain of the vessel in which he came to America. This
officer now not only refuses to surrender them, but has carried them
away into the country, &c. As in duty to the Subjects of His Most
Christian Majesty he calls upon the Executive of Virginia to aid him in
reclaiming this property, &c.

Andrevit Dunscomb to the Executive, January 28th

In regard to the great difficulty under which he is laboring in settling the Richmond
accounts of the several Departments with the United States. His researches
have not been attended always with success; and should they think that
he is not to be limited in his scope after usefull information, he begs to be


1788. instructed how he is to proceed, so that should he err, it will not be from
January 28th design ; Asks for Counsel to whom he may apply for advice in the '
arduous and almost ineffectual effort to decide upon the validity of the
multifarious claims and charges that come before him. He pledges his
word to do all he can in the business ; and requests that a search may be
made in the several offices of Government for such papers as may assist
in making out correctly the Continental Account.

January 29th ARTHUR Lee TO Gov'r Ed. Randolph.

Richmond, My colleagues at the board of Treasury, impressed with the strongest
Virginia convictions of the distressed state of the federal finances, and how much
they relied for support upon the exertions of this State, requested me to
represent to Your Excellency and the Council the apprehensions they
were under that some lately adopted measures wou'd deprive the federal
government of that aid in money which is immediately necessary to its
existence. Their utmost exertions, with the funds now in their hands,
can maintain it only till the close of the present quarter, which will end
the first of April next. For feeding the Army they have been obliged
to give orders in anticipation upon the Receivers of the States of Jersey,
Pensylvania, Delaware, Maryland and Virginia. The warrant on this
State is for 10,000 Dollars. Unless this be paid the contractor will not
supply the rations, and the army must speedily disband or starve. The
Board, having information that both specie and tobacco had been paid
into the Treasury on the general and special requisitions, relied on pay-
ment being made to the Continental Loan Officers in discharge of the
requisition for 1786, in time to answer their order and other indispensible
calls of the federal government. For tho' Congress had repealed the
special requisition, yet it was in expectation that the monies which had
arisen from it would be paid on the general requisition, and the board had
actually applied monies received on the general requisition to the pay-
ment of the troops rais'd in this State on the special one. This was done
from a confidence that the specie received on the special requisition wou'd
be applied to the use of the U. S.

In this situation, a proposition is made to the Continental L. Officer to
receive Tobacco in discharge of a part of what has been due on the requi-
sition of 1786, at a valuation far beyond the present or any probable
price of that commodity. The loss which the U. S. would suffer by the
acceptance of this offer, tho' considerable, wou'd be small when com-
pared with the injuriousness of such a precedent.

Permit me. Sir, to observe that if Virginia shou'd pay her specie requi-
sition in tobacco, not at the current, but at an arbitrary price, that the
other States will be equally entitled to pay wheat, flour, rice, Indigo, or
any other Commodity, at the price they may be pleased to affix to them.
Under such modes of payment, it is obvious that neither the purposes of


the existing requisitions cou'd be answered; nor cou'd Congress, by any 1788.
possible conjecture, proportion their requisitions on the States to the de- January 29th
mands of the federal governmnnt. This proposition, then, plain and inev-
itably, leads to a total anarchy, if the expression may be permitted, in the
federal finances. Your Excellency will suffer me to hope, that as I am
sure this was not the intention of the Executive, they will not urge an
offer that so unavoidably leads to it. The greater the distress of the U.
S. is, from the delinquences of its members, the less it becomes the dig-
nity and character of this, its principal member, to press the confedera-
tion to its ruin. The Union has no concern with the arrangements be-
tween the Legislature of the State and its citizens ; and as they cannot
derive any advantage, neither ought they to suffer any inconvenience
from them. Therefore, without questioning the wisdom of such arrange-
ments, I may be permitted to say that they can never justify a deviation
from the payments which are equally due in good faith and in policy from
the State to the U. S.

At the same time I am persuaded that your Excellency and the rest of
the Executive have been govern' d in the proposition you have made by
reasons of great weight and moment to the interests of the State you have
the honor to represent. But if I have been so fortunate as to satisfy you that
such a pursuit of the interests of this State will deeply wound those of the
U. S., is inconsistent with the most sacred engagements to the Union, and
will be inevitably productive of an example that must render all future
administration of the federal finances impracticable, I shall hope and trust
that the Executive will order the Tobacco in question to be delivered to
the Continental L. Officer at its current price.

I have the honor to be, with Sentiments of the most entire Respect,
Y'r Excellency's most Obed't Serv't.

Andrew Dunscomb to Gov. Randolph. January 29th


Agreeably to your desire, I inclose a copy of the Resolutions of the Commis-
General Assembly under which I was appointed, and by which you will ^'o^"" ^
be informed of the inducement that led to the same, but no general line of
conduct marked out further than relates to the Public Officers. Being dis-
appointed in attempts to get usefull information, and finding the subject of
my duty very intricate and much perplexed, led to my first solicitations to
the Executive as the ruling power under whose direction and influence I
conceived myself placed, altho' the resolutions were silent on the subject
untill a full statement of the account should be effected, the obstacles con-
tinuing induced a repetition on my part, and finding myself possessed of
the greatest desire to do the utmost good, I felt the consequence of ap-
peals to the Executive ; but should the whole weight of the subject be


1788. put on my shoulders, I might soHcite a general Line of Duty, pointing
January 29th out both my responsible actions and my powers, and how I am to obtain
usefull information that is at a distance from me.

I have the Honor to be, with respect.

Your Excellency's most ob't.

January 30th Wm. Rose, KEEPER OF THE Public Jail,

Reminds the Governor that his contract for furnishing the Jail with
provisions expired on the 25th ult., and wishes it to be renewed, &c. He
begs a loan of ;^30, in order to purchase 3,500 weight of Pork, which he
can procure immediately, as a large Drove of Hogs are killing within
sixty yards of his House, &c.

January 31st W. M. KiNG

Norfolk Certifies that Samuel Young had made oath before him, a Justice, &c.,
oun y j.j^^^ ^j^g gj^jp Count D'Artois, now lying in Elizabeth River, is the pro-
perty of Robert Morris, Esquire, of Philadelphia, &c.

February ist J. Parker TO Gov'r RANDOLPH.

Portsmouth His late illness, added to the coldness of the weather, and the river being
frozen so as to stop the communication by water, have prevented his
waiting on his Excellency with his Returns, and on the Treasurer with
the monies collected since the last quarter. As soon as the Ice is dis-
solved at Richmond he expects to make report in person.

^4^^*^^ CoRBiN Braxton,

Richniond, Having resigned the Office of Searcher at West Point, Mr. John Spat,
irginia Moore is recommended as his successor.


Auditor's Requesting that a proper person be appointed to setde the accounts of
° '^^ John Revely, who had been manager of the Public Foundry at Westham,
and is importunately anxious that this should be done, &c.



L. Wood, J'n'r, to the Governor,


Requesting his Order upon the Auditor for a warrant for fifteen pounds soUcitor's

to pay for Coal and other Office expenses.


Henry Lyne Applies to the Executive

For a warrant for ;^2i6. 13. 4, being the wages of Colo. Joseph Martin
as Indian Agent. Mr. P. Henry's memorandum enclosed shows that it
had usually been paid out of the Contingent fund, &c.


Geo. Handley


Encloses * proceedings of the Convention held in that State for ratifying Georgia,

the Federal Constitution.



Proceedings of the Convention, ^z^^''^

Ratifying the Constitution of the United States, &c., signed by John Boston,
Hancock, Pres't, and Wm. Gushing, Vice-Pres't. "^^^Ift?""

JOHN AVERY, J'n'r, Secretary.

J. Preston to Gov. Randolph,


In regard to the movement of the Creek Indians against the people of Montgome-
Georgia, and the probable effect their success may have upon the Chero- ^ ^^"f?\d
kees, whereby the frontier of Virginia will be greatly endangered. The
inability of the inhabitants of Georgia to defend themselves, together
with the apprehension that the Cherokees may be induced to join them,
has raised an ardour becoming Virginians in the breast of several young
Gentlemen in our Western Counties, and determined them to haste to
the assistance of the Georgians with a complete Troop of Horse, which
may speedily be raised as Volunteers of the flower of our Youth. The
Governor of Georgia has been informed of the design, and nothing but
the necessary arms and the approval of the plan by the Governor of Va.
is wanted. He, therefore, begs for eighty Brace Horsemen's Pistols,
eighty Cartridge Boxes, eighty horsemen's Swords, eighty Viliss's, two

*Not found.



1788. Horns, and two Trumpets, from the Public stores, without which

February the Design must prove abortive. His Excellency's desire always to en-
^^^ courage Patriotism, which with sorrow he perceives is decl'ing, is his ex-
cuse for thus giving him trouble. Pledges himself to give security that
the articles shall be replaced or paid for, if lost, after the Expedition is

^^1*11}?*^ T. Meriwether's Memoranda of Report on the State of the

Militia, &c.

Richmond Albemarle, Light Company not included, reports i Ensign, 3 Sergeants
wanting. Co. Lieut, returns 51 muskets. Militia in one regiment only,
including all, 1,042 men.

Amelia, Light Company not included, reports 123 muskets. Militia in
two Regiments. Total, 886 men.

Amherst, several officers wanted. 148 muskets reported.

Buckingham, 165 muskets and 30 Bayonets reported.

Charles City, deficiency of officers, and only 39 muskets reported.

Chesterfield, Light Company not included, 131 muskets, &c.

Cumberland, 39 muskets reported.

Fluvanna, 18 muskets.

Fayette, deficient in many officers.

So with Goochland.

Greensville, only 132 muskets.

Hampshire, only 112 muskets.

Henrico, 1,198 men, rank and file, in one Regiment.

Hardy, deficient.

Hanover, ditto.

Isle of Wyght, 158 muskets, and the Co. Lieutenant refuses to serve.

King & Queen, no Sergeants.

^ Mercer, deficient.

Nansemond, 320 muskets and 25 bayonets.

Norfolk Borough, deficient in officers, 84 muskets and 54 bayonets.

Ohio, deficient.

Orange, deficient in Feild and other Officers.

Prince George, 196 muskets, &c.



P. William, deficient in officers. Only lo muskets reported.
Shenando, deficient.
Southampton, 131 muskets, &c.
Surry, deficient.
Washington, ditto.



J. Dixon, Public Printer


Complains that too much of his salary had been paid to Aug. Davis and Richmond
Thos. Nicolson, who had assisted him in printing the Laws of the last
Session of the General Assembly, &c.

Andrew Ellicott to Governor Randolph, of Virginia,


Requesting to be paid a balance due him for his services as one of the Baltimore
Commissioners in 1784, to determine the Astronomical Boundaries
between that State and the State of Pennsylvania.

Chas. Thomson to Gov. Randolph,


Enclosing an Act, &c., for granting Sea Letters to American vessels Office of
bound on long and distant voyages, with request that it be published in the Coneress°
public papers, &c.

Capt. Richard Taylor to the Governor,


Requesting authority to draw on Col. Parker for money necessary to buy Richmond
provisions, as he has on hand only pork enough to last one month.
Should he be permitted to buy a Whale-Boat, he proposes to keep Mr.
Heath in her, to cruise up and down the Bay, into the different inlets, to
detect smugglers. Mr. Heath's duties will be arduous, and he thinks his
pay should be increased. Such a Boat can be purchased for $25.

According to Accounts Made Against the State,

It appears that four shillings pr. day was paid for negroes hired,
and artificers were allowed only two shillings pr. day.






jy88_ Wm. Blair a Soldier


2oth Wounded under Colo. Cbas. Lewis, when he was killed, applies for his
Randolph . „

county pension, &c.


David Henley's Account
For services rendered in setding the Illinois' Account.



Mr. Carter Braxton

Richmond Having been authorized to sell the Public Tobacco to John Hopkins, Esq.,
Com. of Loans on the part of the United States, he informs Mr. Ambler,
the Treasurer, of the terms on which he and Mr. Hopkins have agreed,
viz : For the Tobacco rated at 28s., of which there is about 77 H'ds, he
is to give twenty-five shillings pr. Hundred. For all the rest of the Crop
Tobacco, he is to give Twenty-three shillings and nine, pence pr. Hun-
dred, of which we estimate about six hundred and sixty-six H'h'ds. The
Transfer tobacco he is to take at the rate the Inspectors sold it at, all
trouble and expence in collecting the money, to be paid by Mr. Hopkins
on Continental Account, taking his receipt for the Amount in specie.

^isT*^ Francis Corbin to Governor Randolph.

Dear Sir :
Middlesex By the great good policy of the grave and wise Senate, Urbanna

Buckingham ^a.s made a Port of Delivery at the last Sessions of Assembly. It follows
then, that the office of Searcher must be re-established. You will do me
a Kindness by appointing Mr. George Davies to it, a young man of this
County, who has lived for some years in Mr. Cosby' s Store, and whose
character is unexceptionable in every point. So unexceptionable, I should
rather say so praiseworthy, that Cosby writes me word he will himself
(if necessary,) become responsible for his Conduct. I hope my applica-
tion is early enough.

The Constitution thrives — it has been extremely sick of prejudice and
misrepresentation, but it is daily growing better and better. I administer
a few Pills now and then — gentle but purgative.

My AfT't Compliments to Mrs. Randolph,

and I am. Dr. Sir, Mo. Sincerely yours.



P. Muhlenberg to the Governor of Virginia,


In regard to the case of a negro Slave, said to be the property of a citizen February

of St. Croix, but who is claimed by a citizen of Virginia. This negro ^3d

claimed to be a citizen of the United States, and had been convicted of a Philadelphia

o, , , . , 1 • , , . . .,,... In Council

crime, bhould it appear that he is the property of a citizen of Virginia,

on information given by the Executive of Virginia, he will be restored to

his owner.

Rich'd Parker to Gov. Randolph.



I received your favor of the 21st of this Instant, enclosing my Com- Fredericks-
mission of Judge of the General Court. As the General Assembly have ^^^
done me the honor of appointing me to that office (as a Republican) I do
not think myself at Liberty to refuse it, however contrary to my Interest
the acceptance of it may be. I have the honor to be with the truest

Your Excellency's

most obedient Servant.

It Having Been Proven

That John Gipson, a Justice of the Peace for said County, who had re-
moved therefrom, but in passing and re-passing through the same, con-
tinueth to act as such, the Court on this account, and from the many
Illegal practices of the said Gipson, expelled him from office, and order
the Clerk to certify the same to the Executive.

C Court

Joseph Meredith to Gov. Randolph,

March 2d

Declining to accept the office of searcher for that Port, for the reason that Hampton
the salary is inadequate to the duties required. The extent of this port,
being a circumference of at least ten miles, would necessitate his being con-
stantly engaged in this business only. He should be compelled to hire or
keep a sail-boat to visit the shipping which lay in the Roads, and stage
hire to Richmond four times a year, to make his quarterly reports, would
add Twelve pounds to his other expences, &c.


1788 Will. Heth to GoV'r Randolph.

March 9th Mr. Maddison introduced to Congress last Monday the report of the

New York Assembly of Virginia respecting her demand for the nor. western territory,
when it was referred to a Committee of Five, viz : Colo. Wadsworth,
Connecticut ; Mr. Dane, Massachusetts ; Mr. Clarke, Jersey ; Gen'l Irvine,
Penn'a; and Mr. Kerney, of Delaware, who have, as yet, being engaged
on other business, done nothing therein. Colo. Wadsworth, the chair-
man, a man of Judgment and liberality, and anxious for a cordial preser-
vation of the Union, is desirous, as I am informed by the President, that
the affair should be compromised, if possible, by Mr. Pierce and self with-

Online LibraryVirginiaCalendar of Virginia State papers and other manuscripts : ... preserved in the Capitol at Richmond → online text (page 42 of 74)