Copyright
W. E. B. (William Edward Burghardt) Du Bois.

Economic co-operation among Negro Americans. Report of a social study made by Atlanta University under the patronage of the Carnegie Institution of Washington, D.C. together with the proceedings of the 12th Conference for the Study of the Negro Problems, held at Atlanta University, on Tuesday, May t online

. (page 15 of 22)
Online LibraryW. E. B. (William Edward Burghardt) Du BoisEconomic co-operation among Negro Americans. Report of a social study made by Atlanta University under the patronage of the Carnegie Institution of Washington, D.C. together with the proceedings of the 12th Conference for the Study of the Negro Problems, held at Atlanta University, on Tuesday, May t → online text (page 15 of 22)
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( 1905)
Illinois and Wisconsin:
(1904)


64 35

359 61
370 24


64 15

285 25
126 51


Missouri ( 1907)


3,284 00


2,475 00


Florida (1906)
Louisiana (1907)


1,938 31
783 62


1,421 22
623 99


Ohio (1907) . .


1,193 SiS


1,069 08



Subordinate Lodge Reports

(Lodge reports are simply sent to the central office and filed.)
The following were available:



STATE


Receipts


Disbursements


Georgia (1904-5)


$ 27 718 33


$ 21,594 22


Ohio (1907)
Kentucky (1907)
Colorado and Jurisdiction:
(1904)
(1905)


12,960 88


13,813 58
25,503 37

2,460 47
8 409 30


Missouri ( 1907 )


10,806 38


11,825 00


Illinois and Wisconsin ( 1905)
Florida


16782 90


8,016 75
14 7% 18


Louisiana


42,127 83


43,104 30



STATE


Date


Sick and
Funeral
Benefits


Widows
and
Orphans


Charity


Whole
amount
paid out


Invested
property
and in fund


Ohio . .
Florida
Illinois and Wisconsin
Missoui i
Kentucky
Colorado and Jurisdiction .
Georgia


1907
1906
1905
1907
1907
1907
1905


$ 3,285.50
12,344.30
6,961.55
5,925.00
12,668.47
1,000.40
12,385.70


$ 329.88
2,398.74
664.00
5,600.00
1,532.31
19.00
2,725.06


$8,317.80
1,836.36
391.20
800.00
606.69
64.65
3,973.96


$ 13,818.53

ll ,825.66
25,503.37
2,992.53
39,139.38


$ 61,780.03
14,837.63
54,637.11
117,372,65
103,843.38
5,752.12
120,377.99



* Data not obtainable.



Secret Societies

Subordinate Lodge Reports, Combined



117



YEARS


Sick and
Funeral
Benefits


Widoivs
and
Orphans


Benevolent
purposes


Whole amount
invested,
property and
in fund


1850...


$ 2,058.12




$ 240.51


$ 2,800.49


1851

1852


1,808.20
1,808.30


$ 54.00
68.00


688.28
611.32


3,242.93
3,429.26


1853
1854


2,036.60
1,91634


48.00
124.60


671.59
542.56


3,463.71
4,104.08


1855


2,824.46


107.75


980.85


4,426.24


185(5
1857


2,557.14
2,736.71


197.60
134.28


252.58
598.15


5,261. 03
6,196.16


1858
1859


2,989.54
2,776.92


94.50
355.20


1,146.43
412.06


6,519. 97
11,19270


1860
1861-1862


2,380.25
2,141.47


171.52
103.69


558.90
238.00


12,993.14

15,847.46


1863
1864


2,458.88
2,831.61


307.91
515.55


374.01
190.28


13,312.81
13,114.23


1865
1866
1867


3,644.03
3,943.11
5,691.13


Ml. 12
342.19
639.55


543.19
420.21
746.85


14,176.73
18,449.26

27,584,98


1868
1869


6,711.50

8 418 67


520.18
567 13


1,071.51
673 05


40,975.55
50,768.65


1870 (16 lodges failed to report)
1871


9,697.12
14 8S>7 48


847.32

2,290 98


912.27

782.62


48,719.47
70,299.56


1872
1873
1874
1892-1894
1894-1896


19,975.35
22,356.60
24,093.93
45,485.42
294 824 29


2,065.28
2,395.65
1,911.12
18,907.20
40360 29


1,972.88
1,907.86
2,142.80


95,258.00
127,808.31
130,668.57
1,500,000.00
1,867,595.94


1896-1898


331,760.00




331,760.00


2,100,000.00


1898-1900
1900-1902 . .


350,540.00
460,500.00






2,150,500.00
2,500,000.00













The condition of the order in various years is thus reported:



1845



Philomathean, New York

Hamilton, New York .
Unity, Philadelphia. . .
Philomathean, Albany



Philomathean, Poughkeepsie.







Funds

$ 2,038 10


Effects




Expenditures


1,543 39




1843...
1844...
1844


. .. Balance
Balance


$ 48971
210 00
402 50


$ 620 76
200 64
1,000 00


1844




100 (X)


8500




Receipts
Expenditures ....


...$ 23800
208 00





Balance .



30 00



.1845.



115 00



1886



" There were 1,000 lodges in America, 112 Past Grand Masters Councils, 404
Households of Ruth and 47 Patriarchies. There were 36,853 members and 9,007
past officers; 3,241 members had been relieved, 415 brothers buried, 5,54 widows
relieved, 404 orphans assisted. The amount paid to sick members was $37,757.82 ;
paid for funerals, $21,002.45; to widows, $6,957.20; for charity, $4,326.95; paid for
other objects, $44,122.50; the whole amount paid out, $114,066.92; amount in
vested, $100,993.15; value of property, $172.816.90; balance in funds, $69,317.55;
invested, value of property and in funds, $343,197.70."

1893-4

" During the years 1893-4 there were 339 new branches opened. Twenty-four
thousand, twenty-six dollars and ninety cents was received by the Sub-com
mittee of Management for taxes and supplies, and the surplus fund increased



118



Economic Co-operation Among Negro Americans



from $5.49 to $10,309.31. Instead of having to borrow money at exorbitant
rates, as the last S. C. of M. were forced to do, the order has ever since carried
a large surplus fund in its treasury."



1895-6

Whole number of Lodges in good standing

Whole number of Households In good standing
Number of P. G. M. Councils in good standing . .

Number of Patriarchies in good standing

Number of District Lodges in good standing

Total active branches

Estimated number of members in Lodges

Estimated number of members in Households. .

Estimated number of members in Councils

Estimated number of members In Patriarchies

Total membership in all branches



2,047
959
173



3,303

118,500

31,000

3,93T

2,100



155,537



Whole No. of brothers and sisters relieved for the term 11,851

Whole number buried during the years 1895-6 1,434

Amount paid to sick during the years 1895-6 $ 198,423.82

Amount paid to widows, orphans and charity 40,360,29

Whole amount invested, property and funds 1,867,597.94

The city of Philadelphia in 1906 had 19 lodges, with 1,167 members;
75 members received sick benefits, 7 death benefits, 8 widows were re
lieved and 6 widows and orphans buried.

Expenditures were :



Funerals
Widows and charity


958 50
197 26


Total
Other expenses .


....$ 2,33374
.... $ 3,047 30






Total


... $ 5,881 04


Invested


6,732 54


Value of property
Balance in funds
Total property of all kinds


.... 27,615 50
4,387 18
.... 45,82711



Statistics, Tenth Session, 1900

Whole number of active Lodges enrolled

Whole number of Household of Ruth

Whole number of P. G. M. Councils

Whole number of Juvenile Societies

Whole number of Patriarchies

Whole number of District Grand Lodges

Whole number of District Households

Total number of all branches. . .



Total membership in all Lodges

Total membership In all Households

Total membership in all Patriarchies

Total membership in all Juvenile Societies

Total membership in all Councils

Total membership of all branches

Whole number of members relieved in 1898-9. . . .
Whole number of widows and orphans relieved

Whole number of members buried

Total amount paid for sick and funerals

Value of funds and property of the order



1,242
181
131
84
36
17



4,283

117,500
36,150

2,500
2,200
4,000



. 162,350

18,560

9,140

4,860

. $ 360,540
. 2,150,500



On the occasion of the Forty-eighth General Meeting 1906, held at
Richmond r Va., the orator of the occasion said :



Secret Societies 119

u ln the past six years ending with the beginning of this B. M. C., after
spending in round numbers a million dollars, providing for the sick, burying
the deceased, relieving the widows and orphans and meeting other just obli
gations, the order represents investments that have passed the three million
dollar mark.

"A certain reliable Philadelphia paper, not connected with our order, stated
in a recent issue words similar to these : The G. U. O. of O. F. is erecting in
this city a hundred thousand dollar building owned and wholly controlled by
Negroes on the American continent. That we teach industry and frugality,
that we encourage the brethren to lay aside for the gloomy day, as a means
to dry the widow s tear, the mourner s heart to cheer/ our progressive En
dowment Departments are living evidences/"

The membership was as follows:

Whole number of active Lodges enrolled 4,643

Whole number of active Households enrolled 2,636

Whole number of active P. G. M. Councils enrolled 274

Whole number of active Juvenile Societies 395

Whole number of Patriarchies 142

Whole number of D. G. Lodges 89

Whole number of District Households. . . 26



Total number of all branches 8,155

Increase over last report 1,641

Numerical Strength

Total membership in all Lodges 186,108

Total membership in all Households 79,343

Total membership in all Councils 5,210

Total membership in all Patriarchies 3,025

Total membership in all Juveniles 12,245

Total membership in all branches 285,931

Increase over last report 50,190

The financial statement 1893-1906 is as follows:

Receipts 1893-1894.. $24,02690

Disbursements .1893-1994 13,717 59



Balance cash $10,309 81

Receipts 1895-1896 $33,517 59

Disbursements . . 1895-1896 25,951 46

Balance cash 7,566 13

Receipts 1897-1898 $35,275 64

Disbursements . . 1897-1898 . . 28,948 71



Balance cash 7,326 93

Receipts 1899-1900 $85,471 83

Disbursements . .1899-1900 28,722 53



Balance cash 6,748 80

Receipts 1900-1902 . . $48,72732

Disbursements . .1900-1902 . . 34,589 69

Balance cash 14.137 *

Receipts 1902-1904 $52,196 63

Disbursements . .1902-1904 33,843 i;

Cash balance 18,353 51

Receipts 1904-1906 $58,976 06

Disbursements . .1904-1906 37,750

Balance cash... S 21, 226 05



120



Economic Co=operation Among Negro Americans



Summary

Cash balance on hand August SI, 1904 $40,811 47

Receipts from all sources during term 58,976 06

Total $99,787 53

Disbursements for all purposes 37,750 01

Balance cash $62,087 52

Details of Receipts, 1904=1906

Receipts from Lodges $ 40,734 OS

Receipts from Households 13,964 47



Receipts from Councils.

Receipts from Patriarchies

Receipts from District Grand Lodges.
Receipts from District Households . . .

Receipts from Juvenile Societies

Receipts from interest on deposits. . ,
Receipts from Odd Fellows 1 Journal . .
Receipts from rentals



Total . .



1,398 54
161 88
75 23
106 79

77 26

1,907 05

500 (X)

150 81



$58,076 06



Disbursements, 1904=1906



Odd Fellows Journal $ 11,823 17

Salaries and clerk hire 10,167 05

Traveling expenses of the S. C. M. and Grand Auditors. 5,787 70*

Postage, express charges, telephone service 2,767 09

Office rent, gas, ice and laundry 640 70

Watson & Hazlehurst 2,500 00

Committee of Management, England, and custom duties 1,211 3ft
Officers, 12 B. M. C., 3 Grand Household and 17 Tri-annual

Conference 758 50"

Miscellaneous purposes 2,094 44



Total



$37,750 01



Total Receipts

Total receipts $ 57,018 20

Interest on deposits 1,807 05

Rentals . . 150 81



Grand total $58,976 06



Cash Expenses



1904

September
October


..$ 1,151 66
. 1,732 18


Brought forward . . .

September
October


.$19,604 25

731 34

978 47


November
December

1905

January
February


. . 1,565 94
. . 1,477 29

. 2,347 89

892 55


November
December

1906

January
February


. 1,543 87
. 2,688 34

. 2,862 68.
611 01


March
April


812 60
493 18


March .%.
April


. 1,990 95
1,035 69


May


927 53


May


. 1,162 79


June. . .
July


563 81
6,692 89


June
July


. 1,503 17
566 95


August


947 23


August


. 2,475 5S


Carried forward. .


...$ 19.604 25


Total . .


.$37,750 01



Recapitulation



Balance on hand August 81, 1904

Receipts for term, 1904-1906, from all sources.

Total

Disbursements for all purposes

Cash balance August 31, 1906 .



.$40,811 47
. 58,976 06

$99,787 58
. 37,750 01
.$62,037 52



Secret Societies

The funds of the order are deposited thus

Union Trust Co, (savings fund)

Union Trust Co. (check fund)

Provident Life and Trust Co

Real Estate Trust Co

Consolidation National Bank

In hands of treasurer

Total

Detailed reports are :



121



. 18,019 82
. 25,058 76
. 5,683 06
. 12,070 01
69 88
. 6,1:35 1)9

.$62,087 52



STATES


|



^

>


Number of Lodges


Number of Members


Number of Broth
ers Relieved


Widows and Or
phans Relieved \


Paid for Sick and
Funeral Benefits


Paid to Widows
and Orphans


Value of Property


Cash in Hand


: jfe: : 5o Value of all Prop -
: : g: : ~S, erty and Funds

: i^: : ix


Pennsylvania ....
New York
Delaware
New Jersey
Rhode Island
Tennessee
North Carolina . . .
Missouri
Illinois
Mississippi
Arkansas
South Carolina
Connecticut


1
>

8
4
5
6

7
8

in
1!
12
18
11
L6
16
IT
18
19
20
21

._)._;

V;
24
->;>
26
27
2s
21i
30
\


94
18
L2
\\
5
124
23s
66
52
884

:!lf,

292

i. : ;
95
235
LO
27

L28
29

Mo
42

68
L80

is

i2

1 1

5]


4,897
3,506
321
1,761
305
5,01S
6,766
2,800
2,076
8,500
11, OSS
9.H72
510
2,236
9,000
418
606

4,i-ii

2,618
4,565
1,856

2,500
5,200

"497
873
1,519


416
268
82
162
20
1,(K)8
751
179
182
246
167
3,212
35
226
786
63
11

"407
209
695
107

"isi

780
72


69
23
2

49
18
215
184
47
51
825
242
195
2
59
272
22
23

120
66

227
30

"75
582
11


$ 10,636.33
11,508.80
306.89
4,539.93
367.76
5,763.20
8,714.72
2,963.00
6,715.84
11,125.00
1,560.00
8,036.00
619.95
5,246 27
16,982.35
1,568.66
493.39

13,713.76
9,177.63
13,5110.79

2,847.00

4,650.00
7,950.00
4,073.87


$ 621.56
406.85
2.50
600. 00
44.00
818.80
1,703.93
7,000.00
1,265.94
11,000.00
12,500.00
12,000.00
80.00
374.50
1,809.25
152.96
40.00

95l .66
491.00
4,955.75
449.25

8,840.66
5,260.00
178.00


$ 54,154.37
51,221.38
4,167.68
19,198.27
33,523.70
110,525.50
218,046.48
35,689.75
79,198.00
82,650.00
30,000.00
42,000.00
8,920.66
23,152.06
100,000.00
5,015.29
27,860.21

82,358. 27
16,135.73
47,665.00
313,869.42

55,80o .6o
22,560.00
36,935.00


$ 20,207.55

l,25l .77
38,173.27


WsixV.oo

12,063 . 64

lO,69s!87
65,462.90

6,200.00
12,847.45

l ,826.07
418.28
5,378.13

l,6ba67

279.06
496.77


87,500.06

"59,396.41


Maryland
Virginia
West Indies
Kansas
Georgia


Kentucky. . .
Dist. of Columbia.
Louisiana
Indiana
Alabama
Ohio
Texas
Massachusetts
Florida
Canada
West Indies
Iowa
West Virginia


62,b(lo .00

id,bs7.i2


62
9


33

11


850.80
794.50


195.64
52.00


8,961.05
2,262.28
14,371.62
36,833.*2
4,(V79.95
4, (X 0.00
1,97ft 97
2,699.88

9,951X00


California
Colorado
Michigan
Oklahoma
W. C. of Africa....
Indian Territory. .
West Indies


::_
38
84
85

:;T

:;s
88


If,
L8
11
20

1 l

"7


016
374
189
370
296

"398


76
8

22
12

""56


10
41
1

7
30

"17


3,623.85
1,107.60
441.00
267.00
90.73

907.63


478.10
33.00

" 58.io
20.00

95.00


7,006.81
8,196.15





Knights of Pythias

The order was organized by J. H. Rath bone and others, in the city of Wash
ington, D. C., February 19, 1864.

At the session of the Supreme Lodge of the Knights of Pythias of the
World, held at Richmond, Va., March 8, 1869, an application for a charter from
a body of colored citizens of Philadelphia, Pa., was refused on account of their
color. Nevertheless, several. Colored men, E. A. Lightfoot, T. W. Stringer



122



Economic Co=operation Among Negro Americans



and others, were afterwards regularly initiated into the mysteries of the
order of Page, Esquire, Knight, etc., in a regular lodge, working under the
control of the Supreme Lodge of Knights of Pythias of the World.

Thereupon a Supreme Grand Council of the Knights of Pythias, to be known
as the Supreme Lodge of North America, South America, Europe, Asia and
Africa, was instituted for the purpose of extending its benefits to all persons,
without distinction of race or color. Lightfoot Lodge, No. 1, in the city of
Vicksburg, State of Mississippi, March 26, 1880 (the date of the Pythian period),
was the first.

There was a re-incorporation, with a slight change of name, in 1908.
In his address before the Supreme Lodge, in 1905, the Supreme Chan
cellor said :

"Up to this time I think we have demonstrated the Negro s ability to suc
cessfully conduct an organization with a representative form of government.
The history of our order for the past few years is known to all of you. The
manner in which we have risen from nothing, as it were, a few years ago to
the high and respected position we occupy today, with 26 Grand Lodges, 1,536
subordinate lodges, 68,462 members, with $211,899.46 in our various treasuries,
,$33,268.37 of which belongs to the Supreme Lodge itself, is the wonder of the
age. With this growth and prosperity come great responsibilities. I wish to
say frankly, as I have said before, that my great interest in the order is due to
the fact that I consider it one of the greatest agencies now employed in the
work of uplifting the race to which we belong."

The membership has grown as follows:



STATES


1897


1899


1901


1903 1905

I


Alabama
Arkansas
District of Columbia


544
219

" 466
1,284

86i

"W

577
800
741

""236"


997
805
107

"265"
1,344
136
500

" issT

409
1,016
1,150
650
411


1,640
1,654
96
300
506
2,386
206
763
475
816
723
1,760
8,069
1,048
382
105

"2,166
680

"i ,057
4,038
1,654
1,187


3,674
3,727
85
329
771
4,516
242
1,543
872
500
1,476
3,845
3,790
1,976
713
202

"2,534"
1,0*?

1,554
5,500
2,630
1,528


6,146

7,000

"260"
1,430
7,984
144
1,706
2,010
537
2,010
6,400
7,980
2,800
978
315
965
3,131
1,037
230
3,500
5,075
3,542
2,012
345
184
1,300


Colorado
Florida


Georgia
Iowa
Illinois
Indiana
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Mississippi
Missouri
New Jersey


New York
North Carolina
Ohio


1,400
833

"576"
2,600
1,411

837


Pennsylvania
Massachusetts
Tennessee
Texas
Virginia


277

"809"
842
899


West Virginia
Indian Territory
Oklahoma
Supreme Jurisdiction

* Total








2,000






27,212


44,640


69,831



These are official totals and do not in all cases agree with the columns.



Expenditures and property are thus reported :



Secret Societies



123



33 : :88 :S8 :S :8388$88SS

II i ill i|| ii ;f S8s$iii8

CO . GN i* . i I .



lllsll : 1

^



-



:8SS

:iK5B



on (N
c; -M



88 : :S88S888$883888S88

II iSilllifclilillilii



:8S :!

:s ;<



:8SS888



:8 :^S S



888 igiS i8 iS38S



8 8S :8

)<> Q

!3 :1



il S



124 Economic Co-operation Among Negro Americans

Consolidated statements for the whole country are as follows:

Financial Statement, Supreme Lodge, Knights of Pythias





1899


1901


1903


1905


Total per capita tax


$ 184 50


$ 825 12


$ 1,248 20


$ 1,967 45


Total biennial tax
Total supplies (all sources^
Uniform Rank Department
Total Endowment


675 00
1,677 89
217 00
2,D92 14


1,100 00
2,944 77
2,083 92
8,601 77


1,582 50
5,225 29
8,667 35
10,872 19


1,675 00
7,331 74
4,281 35

18,805 71


Grand total receipts
Amount Endowment paid


5,746 03


15,505 58


22,590 53

189,875 37
70,039 44


34,061 25*
328,014 38
153,392 07


Amount Endowment funds (on








195,217 05


Amount Endowment claims un
paid
Grand and Supreme Lodge funds
on hand
Property (Grand Lodges)
Property (Subordinate Lodges)..








14,142 12

16,584 41
31,233 30
275,334 85



* Except Temple fund. Of. infra.

The Endowment Department insures lives at the following rates

Table of Monthly Payments



Age
19..
20..
21..

22..
23


Amount
45c
45c
50c
. 55c
56c


Age
27 ...

28...
29...
30...
31


Amount
. 60c
65c
. 65c
70c
70c


Age
35...

36...
37...
38...
39


A mount

$ .80
80
85
90
90


Age
43...
44. ..
45...
46...
47


Amount
$1.05

80
80
95
85


24..
25..
26..


. 55c
60c
60c


32...
33...
34...


. . . , . 70c

75c
75c


40;;;

41...

42 ...


95
95
1.00


48...
49...
50...


85
90
1.00



It pays the following sums:

In case of death during first year s membership $ 100

In case of death during second year s membership 200

In case of death during third year s membership 300

In case of death during fourth year s membership 400

In case of death during fifth year s membership. .. 500

The military department ("Uniform Rank") reports in 1905:

" In my report to you at the last session of the Supreme Lodge, our table
showed the inspection of fourteen States, comprising 70 companies, while
today we report over 100 companies. We then reported 2,970 members. Today
we report eighteen States and 3,665 members. Then we had in the treasury
$4,694.98, while today we report $9,793.74. We then reported valuation of prop
erty at $33,731.50, today $55,522.16. We then reported 160 companies, while today
we find from a partial report over 190, most of which are fully equipped,
which makes us today have the largest, most complete and equipped military
body known to the race."

An assessment of 20 cents per member a year was laid for building a
National Pythian Temple and Sanatorium for the order. From this a
total of $19,522.58 was raised last year.

The United Brothers of Friendship

The United Brothers of Friendship was organized at Louisville, Ky.,
August 1, 1861, first as a benevolent and later as a secret order. In 1905



Secret Societies



125



the following receipts and disbursements were reported by the Grand
Lodge :

Receipts

For Widows and Orphans . .
For Home and Business Fund

For Grand Lodge taxes

For National Grand Lodge taxes

For sale of supplies

For interest on United States bonds
For loan . .



Total receipts for one year

Disbursements

For Widows and Orphans

For United States bonds

For printing and supplies

For Grand Lodge contingent

For miscellanies

For Mutual Aid expenses

For the Grand Master s office

For the Grand Secretary s office

For the Grand Treasurer s office

For National Grand Lodge taxes

Total disbursements for one year




.$28,176 99



$17,370 30

. 4,208 73

. 1,217 31

496 99

750 10

342 60

390 33

200 00

13600

300 00

$25,412 m



The State organizations report as follows



STATE


Members


Real
properly


Personal
property


Endow
ment as
sessment,
1907


Death
Claims
paid


Cash from
1906


Alabama
Arkansas
California


5,800
3,600
300


$ 30,000
25,000


$ 5,000
8,000


$ 24,000
9,600


$ 20,000
7 4 000


"$""5,666


Colorado


500












Illinois
Indiana
Kansas


3,600
1,600
(500


15,000
10,000
8,000


3,500
1,000
500


600






Louisiana
Kentucky
Mississippi
Missouri
Ohio
Tennessee
Texas
Oklahoma
Liberia (Africa)


1,600
14,000
3,000
10,000
1,000
3,800
11,000
2,000
1,000


8,000
100,000
20,000
75,000
5,000
20,000
100,000
6,000
12,000


3,000
15,000
2,000
25,000
1,000
5,000
30,000
500
1,000


50,666

18,000
3<>,000

8,666

60,000
2,000


45,000
16,000
2o,000

7,000
45,000
1,500


15,000
40,000



The official totals are:



Number juveniles 10,000

Total males 22,500

Total females 41,1*00

Total real property $483,000

Total personal property 45,000

Total endowment 192,(MK-

Total endowment paid 146,500

Cash on hand 80,700

Improved Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks of the World
(Howard Branch)

Organized 1899.

Number of lodges 61.

The eighth annual report says as to the origin of the colored Elk.



126 Economic Co-operation Among Negro Americans

"Like all other secret and benevolent organizations that have been organ
ized, the white order of Elks will not permit colored persons to become mem
bers. But there are colored Elks now. How and where they got their secret
work is known to many white Elks of this country. Some may try to depre
cate the colored Elks, but we have the same ritual that the white Elks have.
Our membership has grown to over 5,000. The letter *I stands for * Improved.
The difference between white and colored Elks is this: The white order is
kno\vn as the Benevolent Protective Order of Elks. Ours is known as the
Improved Benevolent Protective Order of Elks of the World. "

The Secretary reported $1,217.38 as the income of the Grand Lodge
and these additional facts:

Sixty-one lodges report a total membership of 3,740.

Thirty-nine lodges report an increase of 1,249 members.

Forty-nine lodges report $7,333.35 in the bank.

Thirty-two lodges report property to the value of $6,124.85.

Twenty-eight lodges spent in charity $3,079.75.

Fifteen lodges report 25 deaths. Of the 80 lodges on the rolls 61 have remit
ted taxes, some for one, more for two and others for three and four quarters.
Thirty States are represented in our jurisdiction and 28 new lodges have been


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Online LibraryW. E. B. (William Edward Burghardt) Du BoisEconomic co-operation among Negro Americans. Report of a social study made by Atlanta University under the patronage of the Carnegie Institution of Washington, D.C. together with the proceedings of the 12th Conference for the Study of the Negro Problems, held at Atlanta University, on Tuesday, May t → online text (page 15 of 22)