W. H Lindsey.

A season at Harwich, with excursions by land and water ... online

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Sea-belt of Dale: Fucus saccharimts of Edinb. Encycl.

This is sometimes cast up here. Its foot-stalk is short, but not

thick. The poor people eat the small leaves and clusters, as they

do Delesh (or Dulse.)

Dale, ^-c.

Sea-laces of Dale : Fucits Jiliim of Edinb. Encycl.

I gathered these by the Dock-gates of the King's Yard. They

are about a yard long, and slender at both ends. In colour brown,

and when dried, black ; but if they lie long upon the shore, they

turn whitish.

Dale.

The ?nost common broad- leaved Sea-ivrack of Dale; Fucus vesiculosus ox
Edinb. Encycl.

It is the Qnercus marina, or Sea-Oak of the old writers. This is
the most common of the Sea- Wracks that are found on this shore.

Dale, d;c.

Twisted Wrack of Dale : Fucus spiralis major of Withering.
This is sometimes to be found on this shore, but not plentifully.

Dale.

Broad-leaved indented Sea-wrack of Dale : Fucus serratus of Edinb. Encycl.

It grows upon the stones where the tide overflows before the cliff.

It is sometimes called Blacli Wrach, or Prickly Tang, sometimes

simply Ware. When fresh, the frond is of a dark olive-green colour;

when cast ashore, and dried on the beach, it is almost black.

Edinb. E7icycl. : Fuci. See also Dale.



RESEARCHES B. 123

Sea-Thongs of Dale : Fucus lortus of Edinb. Encycl.

This is only frequently met with, when the tide is out, g-rowing-

on the stones below the cliff,

IJule,

The lesser Grass-wrack of Dale : Fucus marinus of Rees's Cycl.

This g'l'ows on the shore.

Dale.

Small purple membranaceous Sca-lVrach of Dale : Fucus memlranaceus

of WiTHEKIXG.

Among'st the recrements cast up by the sea.

Dale.

Small branched Sea- Wrack of Dale : Fucus lumbricalis of IIudsox and of
Withering.

This is cast up and left by the tide on the sandy shore.

Dale.

Small branched Sea-IFrack tvilh forked lops : Fucus fastigiatus of With-
ering ?

This is likewise to be found with the former, from which it differs

in having* shorter and blunter segments.

Dale.

Small branched sandy-coloured Sea- Wrack of Dale : Fucus ceranoides of
Withering ?

This is also to be found with the others, but not so frequently.

hale^

Green hairy Sea-Wrack of Dale : Fucus hirsutus of Encycl. Lond.

This is to be found sometimes amongst the stones before the cliff.

Dale.

Sea-girdle and Hangers of Dale : Fucus digitatus of Edinb. Encycl.

This is to be found on tliis shore.

Dale.

Sea-wrack with the Leaves of liedraltle of Dale : Fucus pinnatijidus,
Lousewort, of Withering.

Dale, who published his work in 1730, of this says — " This was
found at Harwich by my late fiiend Mr. John Lufkin, an ingenious
apothecary of Colchester, as Mr. Hay in his History hath rightly
observed j and not at Deal, in Kent, as mentioned in the synopsis
by error from Mr. Petiver."'



124 RESEARCHES B.

Narrow-lcaucd fVruck with long Pods of Dale : Fucus siliijuosus of
Withering.

This gTOWs upon the stones before the cliff, but is only found

when the tide is out.

Dale.

Long-narrow-leaved Sea- Wrack of Dale : Fucus nodosus of "Withering.

Also called Sea-whistles, or Yellow Tang-, or Kelp- Wrack. This
g-rows frequently on the stones before the cliif. Boys amuse them-
selves by cutting them transversely near the end, and making-
whistles of them ; hence the name of Sea- whistle, sometimes be-
stowed on the plant. It is much used by the kelp-makers, and often
g-ets the name of Kelp- Wrack.

Edinb. Ennycl., 1830 : Fuci, pages 18, 19. See also Dale.

Sea-wragged Staff' of Dale : Fucus spongiosus of Johnson and of Ray :
Fucus gelatinosus of Withering.

This is often cast up on these shores. Dr. Dillen well observes

that this ought not to be called Spongiosus but Gelatinosus, for it

consists of a clear g-ellied substance.

Dale.

Red feathered Sea-Moss of Dale : Fucus cartilagineus of Withering and
of Encycl. Lond.

This is sometimes found upon this shore.

Dale.

ZosTEUA, (so named by Lmnoeus from ^waDjp, a girdle, alluding to tlie rib-
band-like appearance of its long linear foliage,) class Monandria, and order
Monogynia, natural order Piperifee (of Linn.eus,)

Grass-iurack of Dale : Common Grass-ivrack Zosfera marina, Rees's Cycl.

This is driven up by the sea, here.

Dale.

TJlva, a genus of the class Cryptogamia, order Algce.

Oyster-green of Dale : Viva lactuca, Encycl. Lond.

It is thin, pellucid, and of a fine green. This is found everywhere

cast up on this shore.

Encycl. Lond., 1829. See also Dale.

Turkey's- Feather of Dale: Turkey -feather Laver, Ulva Fuvonia of
Wixheuino



RESEARCHES B. 125

Found attached to submarine rocks and stones. This gTows

plentifidly upon the stones that lie before the cli£F, but so far down

as not to be seen but when the tide is lowest.

Dale, fVithcring, S^c.

Sea-chitteriing of Dale : Gut Lavcr, Viva intestinulis, of Witiiekixo.
It is often found cast by the tide on this shore. It is common in
salt-water ditches and ponds, attached to stones and rocks.

fVithering and Dale.

HERBS PARTIALLY FLOWERED, OR WITH A PETAL.

Salicornia, (from sal, salt, and cornu, a horn,)a genus of the class Monan-
dria, order Monogytiia, natural order of Hclorucea:.

Jointed Glassivort, or Marsh-Samphire, of Dale : Salicornia herhacea.
This plant is common where the shores are flat and oozy. To be
found abundantly in marshes. Some pickle this as they do Samphire,

to be used with meat.

Dale and IVithering.

Urtica, (of Punt, ah urendo, from its burning or stinging sensation when
touched,) a genus of the class Moncecia, order Tetrandria.

Roman Nettle of Dale : Urtica Pilulifera, Encycl. Lond.

On the north side of the church near the steeple, and a meadow

on the west side of ' the Gate,' plentifully.

Dale.

Atriplex, {ab atro colore, from a livid colour which it occasions to those who
eat it,) a genus of the class Poli/gamia, order Moncecia, natiu-al order Holorucece.

Narrow leaved indented Sea-Orach of Dale : Narrmc-leaved, or fJ'ild, or
Spreading Orach, Atriplex patula, Encycl. Lond.

On the sea-bank on the west side of the town. Is found also in

waste places, on ditch-banks, and in cultivated grounds. It flowers

in August.

Dale, 8iC.

Small Sea-Orach of Dale : Atriplex Sylvcstris folio hastalo sen dclloide of
Ray : Atriplex hestata ?

Jagged Sea-Orach : Atriplex laciniata of Encycl. Lond.

On the sandy shore between tlie town and the clifl'. It is an

annual plant, flowering- in July and August.

Dale.



126 RESEARCHES B.

Common Sca-rurstane of Dale : Dwarf shruhhi/ Orach, Alriplex porlu-
lacoides, Encycl. Lond.

On the mai'sli-banks plentifull}'. Flowers in July and August.

Dale.

Chenopodium, (from x»;i', a goose, and vovq, a foot,) the herb Goose-foot ; a
genus of the class Pentandria, order Digynia, natiiral order Holoraceee.

Sea-Blite, or ivhite Glasswort, of Dale : Sea Goosufoot, Chenopodium
maritimum of Encycl. Lond.

Dale says — " In tlie marslies next the river plentifully. Some
account it an excellent boiled salad." It is an excellent pot-herb.

Beta, (from the form of the second letter of the Greek aliihabet, 6 {beta),
which it has when it swells with seed,) a genus of the class Pentandria,
order Digynia, natural order Holoraceee,

Sea- Beet of Dale : Beta maratima of Encycl. Lond.

In the sea-marshes plentifully : also to be found on the sea-coast.

This is one of the plants taken notice of by Mr. Taylor. It is used

as a boiled salad, and in broths and soups.

Dale, &fc.

Parietaria, (so named from paries, a wall, in allusion to the place of growth
of the most common species, which is uniformly on old ruins, or mouldering
flint walls,) a genus of the class Polygamia, order Monescia, natural order
Scabridce, ( Urticce of Jussieu.)

Pellitory of the Wall of Dale : Common Pellitory of the JVall, Parietaria
officinalis, Encycl. Lond.

Dale says of this — " Upon the Town Wall near the King's- Yard.
The powder, taken either in honey, beer, or posset-drink, cures old
coughs and consumptions. Magnol commends the herb, bruised and
mixed with hog's lard, to help the gout, if applied to the feet."
Parietary, corrupted into Pellitory, is now commonly called Pelli-
tory of the Wall, being found on walls or amongst rubbish.

Salsola, (so called from its saline properties ; hence the English name Salt-
wort, most of the species affording fossil alkali,) a genus of the class Pen-
tandria, order Digynia, natural order of Holoraceee.

Prickly-Glassivort of Dale : Prickly Saltwort, Salsola kali, Encycl. Lond.

On the sandy shore going to the cliif. Flowers here in June

and July.

Dale, §c.



RESEARCHES B. 127

Sea-MUkivort, or Black Saltwort, of Dale : Trailing Saltwort, Salsola
prostrata of Withering.

In the salt marshes ; it flowers in July.

Dale.

Shrubby Saltwort of Dale : Salsola fruticosa of E. Fokster.

On the western end of the marsh-bank plentifully. Flowers in
July and August. It was discovered orig-inally in this country by
Sir Thomas Brown, author of Meligio Ifedici.

HERBS WITH COMPOUND FLOWER.

Lactuca (d lacte, from its milkiness,) a genus of the class Syngenesia, order
Poly gamia cequalas, natural ord,er of Compositce semiflosculoscB, Cichoraeecs of

JUSSIEU.

The greater strong scented Wild-Lettuce of Dale : Strong-scented Lettuce,
Lactuca virosa, Encycl. Lond.

On the bank, g'oing- from the town to the cliff.

Dale.

TusiLLAGO, (from tussis, on account of its use in curing coughs,) a g6nus of
the class Syngenesia, other Poh/gamia superjlua, natural order of Compositce
Discoidece, Corymbiferce of Jussieu.

Colts-foot oiDAZ'E: Common Coltsfoot, Tussilagofarfara, "Encjcl. Lond.

" On the banks between the town and the cliff." To which Dale
adds — " This is so common a plant that I should not have here
mentioned it, had it not been named by Mr. Taylor. A syrup, con-
serve, &o., are prepared of the leaves or flowers, which are good in
coughs, and other diseases of the breast and lungs." To be found
in moist stiff clayey and marly soil.

Aster, (from the Greek word affri]p, a star ; so called because the flower
radiated,) a genus of the Syngenia polygamia superflua class, of the natural
order of Compositi radiati.

Sea-starwort of Dale : Aster tripolium, Encycl. Lond.
In the marsh-ditches plentifully ; it flowers in July and August.
Morrison (quoted by the Encycl. Lond.) observes, that in the morn-
ing the flowers, being expanded, appear blue; the blue florets quickly
vanishing-, and the disk remaining, they appear yellow; in the
evening- these go off, and the white down of the seed shows itself,
thus the flower undergoes a triple change within the day, and hence

is called tripolium.

Dale, ^c.



128 RESEARCHES B.

CORYMBIFEROUS HERBS.

Artemisia, (the Latin name is Absinthium, from the Greek aw



Online LibraryW. H LindseyA season at Harwich, with excursions by land and water ... → online text (page 30 of 34)