W. H. V Raymond.

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Vclvantages of California.


By W. H. V. RAYMOND, /

(Editor of the California State Text-books.)



STATE OFFICE, : : : : : A. j. Johnston, supt. state printing.





"What opi^ortunities for education?" is the first question asked by an enlightened
householder, .Nhen seeking a residence. It is the object of this article to answer the
question for California.


Before entering upon particulars, it maybe said, first, in general, that the educa-
tional system of the State is not the outgrowth of narrow or provincial views, but a
system founded in the beginning, and fashioned to the present time by he surdies
and most enlightened educational sentiment of the whole country. The best bought
and experience of New England, of the great Middle AVest, and of the South have
eone richly into its life and character. The foundation of an incomparable system of
primarv and grammar schools was early laid by that incarnate enthusiasm from the
Granite Hills John Swett, a national name, as familiar in the educational circles of
Boston as in those of San Francisco, where its owner resides. In the directing and
inspiring personal agencies which have made the other departments of the Cahfornia
system what thev are, the State has been equally fortunate. Higher education, as
represented in the State University, has been largely shaped by the classical learning of
President Martin Kellogg, from Connecticut and Yale, and by the scientific spirit and
eminent scholarship of .John and Joseph Le Conte, from the University of Georgia,
whose original researches in the departments of physics and geology have given to
their names a European as well as an American celebrity. These men stood reverently
bv at the birth of university education in California, rocked its cradle m infancy, and
two of them still remain, keeping step royally with its vigorousjwanhood. In.=^ecent
vears I eland Stanford Jr. University, with its endowment of *20,000,000, and its dis-
"tinguished President, David Starr Jordan, from Indiana, has brought to this department
of education an accessi4Bf of new and abounding life.

The organization and conduct of the State Normal schools have fallen "Pon men
eqnallv distinguished and equipped for their work. For seventeen years, rom 1873 to
1890, the original school was under the direction of Mr. Charles H. Allen, whose norma
school work began in Pennsylvania, widened into the principalship of the first Norma
School of Wisconsin, and culminated in his distinguished service to the normal schoo
system of California. In 1890 the principalship of this school fell upon its present
head Charles W. Childs, one of its early graduates, a successful author, and a man o
marked ability. Ira More, graduating from both the Bridgewater, Mass., Normal School
and Yale CoUege-his whole life given to the study of educational science, expanding
in Illinois into a four years' professorship in the State Normal School of that State, and
in Minnesota into a seven years' principalship of the State Normal School at bt. Uoud-
has from its organization, ably directed the fortunes of the State Normal Schoo at Los
\ngeles The conscientious and successful organizer and Principal of the schoo at
Chico, the youngest of these schools in California, Edwin T. Pierce, was the gift of
Union College and the State Normal School at Albany, New York; and when it is added
that the present chief educational officer of the State, Superintendent James W . Ander-
son was graduated from Jefferson College, Pennsylvania, and has risen by distinguished
success in every grade of work from primary to high school, as teacher, Principal and
Superintendent, it will be seen that our claim to a share in the best educational blood
of the>hole country is no idle boast.


— 4 —


To the activities of these men ami their efficient associates, Califoniia is indebted for
it« completed system of free public education. Among the individual features of that
system, enumerated beloj*-. Hje lirst three are worthy of special attention as vital edu-
cational aj.encics unknovp .."tiier in form or equivalent to tlie systems of other States,
so far as the "writer's knowledge ertends. They are agencies whose value is instantly
obvious, und-wliirh are of th? I'.rst iii>|>ortance to the citizen, ]>resent and pros|>ective.

1. Ihj financial jirovition for weak dulricts. This is such that nothing but the stu-
pidity and indifference of District Trustees can defeat the intent of the lawtu maintain
a lirst-class school in the feeblest district of the .'^tute for at least eight months of the
year. The citizen in the poorest district of the remotest county is assured as good
facilities for the eilucation of his children in the primarj- and grammar grades as the
citizen in the rich and thickly settled districts just outside of San Kranci.sco. Sacra-
mento, Oakland, San .losr, Los Angeles, or other centers of wealth and population.
This is accomplished by the State law, which assures to the smallest district of the State
a sum not less than fiOO, to be used exchinvelij for the payment of teachers' salaries;
and to the arernije district, who.se school is taught by one teacher, at least l.'MX) is assureersonal bearing and cultured address.

2. 77ie //roi'Miox for academic training and prei>aration for the tiro great I'nirersities
of the State. It is believiHl that in no other ."^tate is this provision made to reach students
in so many parts of the State, or in .so large numl>ers. .\s in other enlightened States,
there are the excellent public high schools of the large cities and towns, provided for
by their charters. Of these there are twenty-four with standards so high that graduates
from them are admitted, without examination, to the Tniversities. Three of them are
in .'^an Knincisco, and one in each of the following cities and towns of the .'^tate:
Alameda, Itcrkeley, Krcano, I^s .\ngeles, Martinez, Marysville, National I'ity, Nevada
t'ity, Oakland, 1'asudena, retalunia. Riverside, Sacramento, Salina.s, San Diego, San
Jas6, San UafacI, Santa Cruz, .>Jtockfon, Vallejo, and Watsonville. Other town high
schools, also, are of good rank.

I'niler this head, however, it is sought especially to emphasize the general provision
of law for the establishment of public high schixils to connect the soMUi villages and
rural districts with the University. This is done by the organization of union high
school ilistricts. Tnder this provision eighteen counties hove ostablisheil high schools,
as follows:

.Mameda County. ;t. I.os .Vngeles County, 3. Si.skiyou County,!.

Uutte t 'ounty, '2. .Sm Hcrnanlino County, 2. .Solano County, 3.

Contra Costa County, 1. San Diego County, ti. Sonoma County, 2.

Del Norte County, 1. San Joaiiuin County, 1. Slunislans County. 1.

El Dorado County, 1. San Luis Obisi>o County, 2. Ventura County, 2.

Fresno County, 2. Santa Ilarbara County, 3. Yolo County, 1.

Thus, nearly forty public high schools bring to the very doors, it may Ik- said, of the
tiller of field and farm, the small shopkeeper, and the mechanic who is at once his own
contractor and bis own journeyman, either a generous academic training or a prei>ara-
lion for university studies. These, with the twenty-four city high schools accepted by
the universities as preparatorj- schools, constitute, it is Ixlieved, n provision for second-
ary education without precedent in any .stale of eopulation.

S. The comjiuhory ret/uirement of a fixed rsprnditiire of moneti, annually, for the
supjiort of a district library is a third eckton Business

College. San Luis Obiipo County: Boarding and Day ."School of the Immaculate

Heart. San Mateo County: Belmont School; Bishop .\rmitage ilrphanage; Ijturel

Hall College; St. Matthew's Hall. Santa Rarbnra County: Kntnciscan College.

Santa Clara County: Academy of Notre Dame; ."'comer of the com-
monwealth. ■'■'•>>,'..

3. Tn the provision for excellent public school libra?itiE in eyiry tUs^rlrt 65, iUe.'§iate.

4. In the economical and admirable provision for the supply of text-books *to* the
pupils of the State.

5. In its generous provision for the instruction and training of teachers in Normal
Schools and County Institutes.

(). In the magnificent and richly endowed I'niversity at Berkeley, which crowns its
educational structure.

7. In the completeness of its machinery for the effective administration, by proper
officers, of its whole system.

8. In its University at Palo Alto, made great by private endowment, and in the high
character and large numbers of its remaining colleges and private schools.

With these gifts in her hands our beautiful State beckons to the dwellers in her sister
States, and to the people of all enlightened nations, inviting them to settlement, citizen-
ship, and home. _ ^




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Renewed books are subject to immediate recall.

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Online LibraryW. H. V RaymondEducational advantages of California → online text (page 1 of 1)