W. O. Absher.

Portrait and biographical record of Auglaize, Logan and Shelby Counties, Ohio : containing biographical sketches of prominent and representative citizens, together with biographies and portraits of all the Presidents of the United States online

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Online LibraryW. O. AbsherPortrait and biographical record of Auglaize, Logan and Shelby Counties, Ohio : containing biographical sketches of prominent and representative citizens, together with biographies and portraits of all the Presidents of the United States → online text (page 10 of 76)
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heat c:iuses waste of the system, which is counter-
acted by the use of coffee, which nature there sup-
plies, and which is injurious elsewhere under other
cunditions. because it retards w.aste and so re-
tains in the system effete matter — disorganized
life cells — which would otherwise pass off by
insensible perspiration, this latter openition be-
ing es-rential to health. Pepper, oranyes, ba-
lumas and other tro[>ical products are useful
where the Almighty cau^i's them to gn.iw and
hence intends them to be consumed, but under
in>rraal cunditiims are injurious elsewhere." Again
.ludge Lawrence said: •■ Fruits should lie eaten
in their season. Nature ripens blackberrries at



a time wbeii their .inti-e.ith.irtic qunlities are
needed to counteract tendencies in the system re-
quiring them. This is simply an illustration of
the principle that God provided in eacli climate
the food that man needs. He wlio cans for the
winter green corn, berries, and summer vegetation
having a brief period of ripened maturity before
decay, ch.anges the plans of Providence, and those
who consume such preparations incur the danger
of receiving the penalties of violated law. lie
should look through Xatnre up to Nature's (iod,
and learn the wisdom by Him imparted in 'lessons
written in Nature's book.' "

Judge Lawrence luas always been especially in-
terested in the study of natur.al i)hilosopliy and
chemistry, which, like his other studies, he dili-
gently pursued at college and in after life. While
attending the Law .School, he .also attended some
of the lectures on chemistry in the Ohio Medical
CoUeae. He h.as said: '■ Our books on these sub-
jects must be rewritten. Tliere exists in universal
sp.ace spirit-essence, and .at localities matter com-
prising those elements of which chemistry Lakes
cognizance. Jlatter is inert — it cannot .act or
think — it has per se no power. Spirit-essence —
God-thinks, acta — is the only force. There is no
force or intelligence wliich is a quality of matter,
as so-called attraction of gravitation, or of colie-
sion or adhesion, or .as chemical affinity; each of
these is simply God moving on every atom and
forming molecules and masses, and imparting to
all the forces that move them, not by fixed natural
laws, but by supreme intelligence and unlimited
power. That is the intelligence that guides the
rootlet in the e.orth.and enables it to see or feel, or
at le.ast select, the necessary elements necessary for
the process of vegetation. Wh.at is the power
that carries these, when selected, between the bark
and woody substance out to the leaf, and then
mixes them with the carl«m drawn from the
atmosphere, .and returns the pulpy product and
spreads it in annulations again between the wood
and bark, and so carries on the process of veget.a-
tion? God is the intelligence and the force. In-
telligence and force are His e.ssential altriliutes.
The ra.aterial tree dies, liut God never dies. Here
is a lesson in spiritual tlie(..l<igy. The natural

body of man dies, 'dust returns to dust,' but the
Spirit never dies, it ' returns to the God who gave
it ' its spiritual and sole identitj- eternal. Tele-
ology and eutaxiology .alike prove the existence ■
of a i)syehical essence, a real substantial, intelli-
gent force, pervading all space, and this is fiod,

' Warms in the sun, refreshes in the breeze,
Glows ill the stars and blossoms in the trees;
Lives through all life, extends through all extent;
Spreads undivided and operates unsi)ent.' "

llis work in tlie Legislature of Ohio is found
in many statutes, including the Free Banking Law
of 1S.3I, essential features of which are in the Na-
tional Bank acts. His reports on various subjects
show great lalim-. On February 13, 1851, as
Chairman of the Standing Committee on the Pen-
itentiary in the Ohio Senate, he made a report, the
tirst on the subject, in favor of prohibiting the
employment of convicts in branches of industry
that would compete with the mechanics of the
State. His decisions as Comptroller show his re-
gard for the rights of laboring men. .Tune 27,
1871, Columbia Typographical Union No. 101, of
Washington, "Resolved, that the thanks of said
Union be, and are, tendered to Judge Lawrence
and (otheis named) for their manly defense of the
working men of the country, and for the interest
and zeal shown by their action in the House of
Representatives in tlic welfare of the craft." He
had in Congress vindicated trades- unions.

In Congress, Judge Lawrence was the first to in-
troduce a bill to convert the office of Attorney-
General into an executive department, and man\'
of the provisions of his bill are found in the act
liiially passed creating the Dep.artment of Justice.
His report of February, 18G9, on the New York
Election Frauds, led to important legislation m
that St.ate to preserve the purity of elections, and
to the legislation of Congress on the same subject,
wiiicli contains provisions of a bill which .accom-
panied the re|)(jrt. He is author of the law giving
to each sijUlier as a homestead one hundred and
sixtv acres of the "alternate reserved sections "
in the limits of railroad land gr.auts. He was the
lirsl in Congress to urge that the public lands
should no longer be disposed of by Indian treaties



to I'.ailioad companies, and that they sliould be
reserved for homesteads, and his efforts led to the
act, JNIarch 3, 1871, wliich prohibits such treaties,
lie was tlie first to urge upon Congress that tlie
Pacilic Raih'oad Companies slioidd be required to
indemnify the Ciovernment for loss on account of
tlie subsidy bonds issued to these companies, and
on .Tuly 7. 187C. carried a bill through the House
hn- this |)iii-iii.isi'. and his elaborate report on the
subject was liiglily cuiiimen<led by the Auditor of
Railroad Accounts in his annual reijort of aS'o-
veiiilier 1, 1878. The Ilayes-Tilden election con-
test prevented action by the .'Senate on this bill,
but its purpose was suiisciiuently secured by the
act known as the "Thiiiiiian Act "' of May 7, 1878
(see }, Lawrence's ■• CDiiiptroller's Decisions " :-'l 1).
As Lliaiiinan of the Committee on M'ar Claims, his
reports wc.iuld make a large volume.

.Judge Lawrence was a la}- delegate from the
Central Ohio Conference in the General Confer-
ence of the Jlethodist Kpiscopal Church, at its ses-
sions in 1872-7G-8l)-02, in -which he made sundry
reiiorts, and in the spring of 1888. he published in
the ]Vrxl,_'ni Chn'.slntii .hiruraO' a. series of articles
nil the niuch-nitiotfd (iuc.-tii.m of the status of
\Villiam Tayhir. 1). \>.. Missionary Kishop to
Africa, in which it was maintained that lie was a
Ijishop eipial in dignity with any other, a position
Mi.,tained hy the General Conference of 1888. The
( eiitial (Jhio Conference three times elected 'SU:
Lawrence a Trustee of the Ohio Wesleyan rnivcr-
.-ity at Delaware, in l.~^7.-<. 188.1 and 1888. and he is
now serving in that capacity in his third term of
five years each.

February l.'i. 1871, he organized the Bellefon-
taino National Dank, of which he has ever since
since been Presiilent and a principal stockholder.

r.y appointment of < Governor Foraker, he wa-
one of the delegates at large from Ohio to tin-
Farmers' Congress of the United States, which met
at Chicago, in Xovembcr. 18,s7, and in wliicli lie
di'livered an address on -The Aiiicricaii Wool Iii-
terot." afti'rward sterei.itypcd and rcpriiitt-d in
Xew Y,Mk by the American I'roteetive TarilT
l.eaLiui-. and exten>ivi'ly distributed as a political
campaiLfn clocuiiieut in the Presidential election i_if
lsi«.s. and :i- our ,,f the standard publications of

the League ever since. In the October, 1875, num-
ber of The Eqmhlic, a Washington moiithlv maga-
zine, he published an article, " The People a Na-
tion; The Union Periietnal." which was repriutcd
as a Republican campaign docnmeut in the Pie>i-
denti.al election of 187(j.

In 183-2, the National Chamber of Indii^trv and
Trade in New York copyrigliteil, printed and cir-
culated extensively a tariff '• Interview with Judge
AVilliam Lawrence, by Kdward Young, Ph. D., late
Chief of the United .States Bureau of Statistics."

These are only specimens of his political works.
In the Presidential camjiaigu of 1840, before he
had reached majority, he made "stump speeches "
in several counties of ()lii(.),and in every campaign
since. National ami State, in various parts of tlie
United States, he has lieen an active participant,
many of his speeches having been published in
newspa|iers and pamphlel.- .as campaign documents.
Ills published speeches and lectures on peilitical.
legal, literary, agricultural, moral ami miscellane-
ous subjects, if collected, would make two yoinl-
sized voUinies.

.Judge Lawrence has rendered great servii'C to
the agricultur.nl and wool-;.a-owiiii; iiidiistiies of
the country. He wa- a delegate to the national
convention of wool-growers, wool-dealer- and
w(jol-maniifactnrers at St. Louis, in 'Siiw. 1S87; to
a similar comention in AVasliingloii, .lanuarv.
18S8; an.ithei in .laiiuary. lS.s:i. hy the latter of
which he was mailc Chairman of a committee to
present to the Finance Committee of the Senate
the claim? of w.'ol-gr...wer> to legislative and pro-
tective duties. His work in these conventions has
been exten^ively publi.-hed. and his speeches before
the Senate Committee arc found in the Report of
Tariff Te.-timony for .January, iss;). [mrt 3. pairc?
lli.Vl to i:i77. pulilished by Congress.

In I)eeemlier. l>s'.i. a national comention of
wool-groivers in Washington. D. C.. appointed him
Chairman of a committee to present the claims of
wool-grower- to the Committee of AVavs and
.Aleaiis of the Hou-e (jf i;epre-eutati\e- in (.oii-
gres.-. and his argumeii l> arc pulili-hcil in the \'(.il-
ume of Hearings em Revision of Tarilf. paires 21.'i
to 2811. .lannary. In'.hi. On Fchiiiary l.">. 1s;hi. I,y
invitation of the Commercial (lull of I'rovideiice.



E. I., he flelivered an address on •' The Protection
of Wool, from the Standpoint of the Grower,"
afterward published b_v "The Home Market Club "
of Boston, as cue of its standard documents for gen-
eral distribution. He wrote the memorial of the
Committee of National Convention- of Wool-
growers, held in Washington, D. C, from De-
cember 2 to 9, 1889, published as United States
Senate Miscellaneous Document No. 149, Fifty-
first Congress, first session. In January, 1891, he
was elected President of the Ohio Wool-growers'
Association. Ilis annual address at Columbus,
January 12, 1892,11.13 been extensively published
all over the United States. The North Pacific
liural jSjni-it ami WiUiamette Farmei; of February
11, 1892, prefaced its publication by saying,
" Without any question, Mr. Lawrence's address is
the ablest document ever given to the public
upon the subject of wool-growing, woolen manu-
factures and their relation to the present tariff agi-
tation." lion. F. B. Norton of Burlington, Wis-
consin, said in the Wisconsin Farmei; of June 3,
1891, referring to Judge Lawrence, Hon. Columbus
Delano and David Harpster: " It is Largely due
to the labors of these men that we have seen the
value of our flocks doubled within the past few
years, which means a gain of $100,000,000, to the
wealth of the nation. The farmers of the United
States could well afford to present a solid silver
sheep with a golden fleece to e.ach of these patri-
otic gentlemen, wlio have done so much for sheep
liusbandry." His published addresses, reports,
etc.. in behalf of this industry, would make a vol-
ume of six hundred pages.

In 1884, Judge Lawrence was elected a member
of tlie Philosophical Society of Washington, D. C,
a verj- select body of learned and scientific gentle-
men, which puljlislies a volume annually. In the
month of May, 1889, he w.as elected a member of the
Census Analytical Association of the United States,
and made Vice-president of the section on wool.
The object of the association, which consists of
only fifty membere, is to create a system of verifi-
cation of all statistical data of the United States.

The ollice of First Comptroller of the Treasury
Department is second in importance only to that
of the Secretary. He is a law ofticer. who decides

questions arising as to the payment of money into
and out of the Treasury. Hamilton declared that
'•the Comptroller is a check upon the Secretary."
From his decision there is no appeal, he cannot be
overruled by the Secretary nor the President,
though he may overrule the Secretary in the al-
lowance of claims. By authority of the Secretary,
two volumes of the "Decisions of Comptroller Law-
rence" were published, the first ev^er issued, and
Congress then passed the joint resolution of Au-
gust 3, 1882, authorizing one volume of the De-'
cisions to be printed each }'ear thereafter, and
under this, four additional volumes were printed.
They for the first time distinctly* enunciated the
great sj"stem of "executive national common law,"
and furnished a fund of legal learning found in
no other works. They have been highly com-
mended by jurists, statesmen, and law-writers.
Burroughs, in his "Law of Public Securities,"
quotes largely from these Decisions. At one
time, the Supreme Court of the District of Colum-
bia undertook b}- mandamus to compel the Treas-
urer of the United States to pay a claim disallowed
by the Comptroller, but liis decision was sustained
by the Supreme Court of the United States. 4
Lawrence, 261.

Mr. Lawrence is author of:

"The Law of Claims against Governments."
W.ashington, Government Print, 1875.

"The Law of Religious Societies." American
Laic Register. 1873.

"The Organization of the Treasury Department."
Washington, Government Print, 1881.

"The Law of Impeachable Crimes." American
Law Ref/ister, September, 1867.

"Introductory and Concluding Chapters to Lec-
tures of J. B. Helwig, D. D." Dayton U. B. Pub-
lishing House, 1876.

"Chapters in American Ili.itory of Cliampaign
and Logan Counties." 1872.

"The Causes of the Rebellion," being the intro-
ductory' chapter to "Reminiscences of the War,"
by Rev. A. R. Ilowbert, D. D. 1888.

"Decisions of tlio Fii-st Comptroller." 6 vols.
W.asliington Government Print. 1880-85.

Five "Annual Reports." as First Comptroller.



"The Treatj' Question."

"Sketch of the Life and Public Services of .John
Sherman." 1888.

Jsumerous "Reports in Congress."

"Lives of the Kiret Comptrollers." now re.idy
for the press.

The Government of .Tnimn, through .■\ London,
England, book house, in 1887 procured copies of
tlie "Decisions of the First Comptrollers," for use
in organizing the Treasury Department of that
country-. Tlie .Tapanese Legation at W.ashington
in .Tune. 1 871, procured copies of "The Law of
Claims," to l)c used .as authority on questions grow-
ing out of tlie rebellion in that country of the
I'ycoon against the iMikado. The Secretary of
Stale, Hamilton Kish. ordered extra copies printed
for distribution to foreign governments, and they
have been quoted in arguments before every mixed
commission since organized to adjust claims be-
tween the United .States and foreign countries.
In 1874, Hon. Elihu B. Washburn, United States
Jlinister to France, procured copies for distribu-
tion to publicists in that counUy, and he said of
it: "It is wonderfully able and exhaustive. It h.os
gone to the very bottom of the whole business. It
is one of the most valuable contributions of the
times to national and international law. It ren-
ders immense service to the country bj- 'Laying
down the law' on these subjects." It h.os been ever
since regarded and quoted in Congress .as an autlior-
rit}', and has been twice re-prmted by authority of

His work on the "Law of Religious Societies"
h.as been declared to be "a marvel of learning upon
the subject." D. D. Chapin, in The Clmrchman,
.as quoted in "Current Comment and Legal Mis-
cellany," (Vol. I.. No. 5. Philadelphia, M.ay 15.

His Alma ^Mater conferred upon Judge Lawrence
the degree of A. M., in ciirsu, and on the 25th of
.lune, 1873. conferred on him the degree of L.L. D ,
and Wittenberg College subsequently conferred on
him the same degree.

.\ distinguished citizen of Ohio, who has hon-
orably represented the United States in a foreign
Cduntry. but who differs politically with .Judge
Lawrence, rect-ntlv said of him:

"Few American citizens equ.al him in the quali-
ties that go to make up a great man and useful
public servant. He is a man of tireless energies,
of prodigious learning, of sound judgment, and
of absolute honesty. Moreover, his views are
broad and charitable, his disposition confiding and
friendly, and his character noble and generous.
His simple manners are pleasing, while his easj-
flowing eloquence never wearies. Jealousy never
enters his manly breast. * * * He has alw.ays
and easily risen to the high level of the responsi-
ble and commanding positions he has held. As a
statistical schohTr he has no equal in Ohio. He is
clear and methodical, broad and accurate, and in-
dustrious beyond' ordinary moi-tals. He is an au-
thor of established reputation. Some of his works
show great research and aljility. and are quoted as
authoritj- in foreign countries."*

The entire career of Judge Lawrence has been
guided by a sense of duty and he subordinated
ambition to principle. In 1854, a Committee of
the Know Nothing Order tendered him a nomin.a-
tion as a candidate for Congress, with a certainty
of success, but lie declined it, because he c-ould not
indorse their opposition to adopted citizens, or
proscription for religious opinions. He commenced
his career as a Whig, making political s|)eeches in
the gre.at campaign of 1840, even before he had
reached the .age of m.ajoritj-. He adhered to the
Whig party until it was disbanded. Early in 1854,
when the Douglas Kansas-Xebr.aska Bill w.as pressed
for passage in the Senate, with its specious declara-
tion in favor of "popular sovereignty" as a con-
triv.ance to extend slavery, he was among the first
and foremost to denounce it and ask the co-opera-
tion of "free-soil" Whigs and Democrats to unite
to resent the aggression of the slave-power. He
w.as then a member of the Ohio Senate, in which
Hon. Norton S. To\viisend, afterward Member of
Congress, and now .s Professor in tiie OJiio State
University, was also a member. A public meeting
w.as called at Columbus, which was addressed by
Hon. John W. Andrews and othei-s, and resolu-
tions adopted denouncing the Douglas bill. On
the 22d of February, 1854. a public meeting at



Maiyjvilie was acUhojjed by lluii. Joseph K. Swan.
Noi-ton S. Townsend .iiul William L.iwreiice in
(ippojition to the Douglas bill. The speech of the
latter was pulilished in full in the Maiysville

Soon after this, some of the leading men in the
Legislature and other citizens of Columbus organ-
ized and appointed a committee, consisting of
Lawrence, Towuseud .and lion. Ephraim II. Eckley,
a member of the Senate, to address letters to lead-
ing Whigs, Democrats aiidFree-Soilers all over the
State, inviting them to attend a State convention
in Columbus to nominate candidates for State otli-
ces aud to adopt a platform against slavery exten-
sion.* County conventions were held and dele-
gates appointed. The State Convention was held
and Joseph U. Swan w.as nominated as a candidate
for Judge of the Supreme Court, and a platform w.as
adopted. The convention was called tlie "Fusion
Convention," a fusion of Wliigs, Democrats and
Fiee-Soilers, and it w.as a gr.and success. The com-
mittee which set this ball in motion held its
sessions in :\Ir. Law rence"s rooms, at tlie A'eil House,
and opened the w.ay for a new political pai'ty. The
same elements which started this movement .and
which composed tlie convention originated and
managed the State Convention of lt<.')5, formally
held as the first Kepulilican State Convention.

In these proceedings the Kepubliean party was
organizeil ami took form and name. From that
time onward. :\Ir. Lawrence has been an earnest,
effective Ik-publican. While he resided in Wa=li-
ini;ti>n. 1). C. the ( )hio Uepulilican Club was or-
ganized in the summer cf I'SSb. Jlr. Lawrence
was unanimously elected its lirst President, and so
continued by annual elections until under Cleve-
land's ailministrati(jn it n-as disbanded, in 188j.

Ibiii. William ],awrence was married December
211. \s\o. at MeConnellsville to Cornelia, daughter
of Hon. William Hawkins, an excellent lady of
rare intelligence, who had been associated willi
him ill teacliing school at tliat ])lace in 18.):i. Mie
died Februaiy 2'.t, 18 It. He was married Mareli
20. ISi.3. to Caroline M., daughter of Henry Miller.

an excellent lad^' whose many virtues have through
long years blessed his home. She was born at
Port Republic, Rockingham County, Va.. .January
20, 1828, w.as baptized at McGackeysville Lutheran
Church, educated at the Granville (Oliio) Presby-
terian Female .Seminary, and was there a room-
mate of Cecelia Stewart, now wife of Hon. John
Sherm.an. Tliree sons, Joseph IL, "William H. and
John 31., and three daughters, Cornelia. Frances
C. and Mary Temperance, are the children of this
union. Joseph 11., a lawyer, died May 7, 188.3.


• A cony
red bv Ho

1 his published (vorks.

OHN J. HAUSS, who is perhaps the largest
dealer in drugs, books, wall paper, paints,
etc., in this part of Ohio, is one of the
shrewdest, as well as most popular and suc-
cessful, young business men in Auglaize County,
and has risen from the tow path to a position of
prominence and wealth, although he is only thirty-
six years old. He is a native of St. 3Iary's, his
present place of residence and business, Ijeingborn
in tliis city September 10, 1856. His father, Fred-
erick Hauss, was Ijorn in Baden, Germany, nearly
seventy years ago, and came to America when a
voung man. He landed at New York, came thence
to Ohio, and was at St. jNIaiy's during the cholera
epidemic in 1840. He went from here to New Or-
leans. He was originally a rope-maker in the old
country, but he eng.aged in the cooper's trade, with
which he was familiar, in the Crescent City. Re-
turning to St. Mary's after a year's sojourn in
New Orleans, he carried on coopering at this point
a few years. He tlien embarked in mercantile
pursuits, .and built up a large trade, which he con-
ducted several years, becoming one of tlie leading
merclir.nt^ and citizens of St. JIary's. For the
|iast twenty ^ears. he has been living live miles
north of the city, where he is still engaged in busi-
ness, and .alio farms to some extent. While he
lived in Germany, he was in the German army
under Gen. Seigle. Both he .and his good wife
are membei> in high standing of the German



Evangelical Church. The latter is also of German
birth, and her maiden name was Elizabeth Kneirim.
She is the mother of eight children, of whom six
are living, our siiliject being the elde.'il.

(jur subject was educated in the inihlic schools,
and at the age of fourteen he left home to begin
the struggle of life in earnest, obtaining work on
the tow path of the .Miami and Erie Canal. A
year later, he was promoted to a position on a store
boat, where lie became familiar with one form of
mercantile business. lie remained in that place
two years, and was paid ^^oo a raontli. October
U, 1872, he entered tlie drug store of W. II. Dolls
to learn the details of the drug business,, and he
w.as with him for thirteen veal's, rising to be his
chief clerk, and becoming a very competent drug-
gist. Ill 1881, he er-tablished a business of his
own at St. Mary's purchasing a small drug store in
partnersliip with Robert B. Gordon, Jr. They
did business together under tlie firm name of Hauss
it Gordon for three j-ears. In 1887, Mr. Hauss
bought Jlr. Gordon's interest in the concern, and
has since conducted it himself. He has greatly
increased his business, enlarging his accommoda-
tions to keep pace with his rapidly growing trade,
and he now has a fine two-story brick building, in
which he occupies a double storeroom, wliich is
elegantly fitted up, its appointments being equal
to tlie fine establishments of the kind in the larger

Online LibraryW. O. AbsherPortrait and biographical record of Auglaize, Logan and Shelby Counties, Ohio : containing biographical sketches of prominent and representative citizens, together with biographies and portraits of all the Presidents of the United States → online text (page 10 of 76)