W. R Miller.

The Chicago Sunday school extension online

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Elgin, Illinois:


34004S 1



Copyright, 1904.
Brethren Publishing House. Elgin, 111.



The great problem before the church is the evan-
gelization of the world. And in order to reach a right
solution of it the method of procedure must be care-
fully and prayerfully considered. How shall the
church work, and where shall she begin? Those who
live in the country think that the place to begin, and
for those in the cities it is where they are. One fact
is clear: The urban population is very great and the
percentage is constantly increasing. This makes it evi-
dent that the cities must not be neglected ; for if they
are not Christian the country cannot be.

Tliis belief has led our workers in Chicago to de-
vise plans for winning souls from sin to righteousness.
And they have begun at the right place — with the
children, the boys and girls who in a short time will
be the men and women of the city. Seeing on every
hand the influences that drag down to ruin, they have
sought to set in motion an influence which will lead
up, build up, save. Being interested themselves, they
have succeeded in interesting a large number of boys
and girls throughout the country in the work. Con-
tributions have been sent in, and new Sunday schools


have been started. Only a beginning has been made ;
yet if the leaders in it accomplish the task which they
have set themselves, a great host of boys and girls will
be drawn from the vice of the streets to the house of
God, there to be taught the truths which will make
them wise unto salvation. It means much to the
church, everything to these boys and girls ; for the
church will need them as workers, and they need a
knowledge of the truth. They must not be left ex-
posed to all the temptations which assail them on every
hand. Stop on some corner and watch them, and
then think what your feelings would be if your boy
and girl were among them and the Christian people
put forth no greater effort to save them from that
which must bring death to both body and soul.

It is in the interest of this cause that this little vol-
ume has been prepared. The cause is a worthy one,
and it is to be hoped that it will meet with a continued
and generous support from the young workers
throughout the land, but that the support of it and
the prayers for it will not be confined to the children.

Grant Mahan.


In the Name of Him who gave to the world,

The most precious Babe,

The most perfect Boy,

The most obedient Son,

The Supremest Human Being who ever appeared
on earth;

The grandest and most beautiful life ever lived
among men.

JVe dedicate this little Volume to the Sunday School
Boys and Girls.

tablf: of contents.

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riir ("liiUlrrn ol tlu- Kihic M)

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( )iir Voiiii^ rcoplc, 124


Chapter One.


Chicago. A city of Cook county, Illinois, situ-
ated on Lake Michigan, in latitude 41 degrees 50
minutes, longitude 87 degrees ^i^j minutes W. It is
the largest city in the State and the second city in
the United States. Its chief quarters are the North,
South, and West Sides. The City of Chicago has
a vast commerce by many railroads and by the
lake, and exports wheat, meats, manufactured
goods, etc. It has manufactures of lumber, iron,
steel, furniture, clothing, tobacco, liquors, agricul-
tural implements, leather, etc. Among its largest
industries are beef-packing and pork-packing. It
is the seat of the Chicago University, and of sev-
eral theological seminaries and other institutions,
and has important libraries and art collections. The
site w^as visited by Marquette in 1673. Fort Dear-
born was built in 1804, evacuated in 181 2, and re-
built in 1816. Chicago was incorporated as a city


in 1837, and elected as the first mayor William B.
Ogden, who died in 1877, and Carter H. Harrison
as the last and present mayor. Twenty-one hun-
dred acres were burned with a loss of about one
hundred and ninety million dollars in the great
fire of October 8-10, 1871. Twelve thousand build-
ings were burned, and nearly five hundred lives
were lost. Since 1890, when the population was
eleven hundred thousand, the population has more
than doubled and is now estimated to be nearly twen-
ty-three hundred thousand. This vast horde of
people make up the three hundred and fift3^-nine
thousand nine liundred and sixty families of Chi-
cago, living in one hundred and ninety-three thou-
sand eight hundred and ninety-five dwellings, and
these houses cover an area of one hundred and
eighty square miles of city, or one hundred and
eighty sections of land, of six hundred and forty
acres each, of four farms to each section, of one
hundred and sixty acres to the farm. Place these
one hundred and eighty sections of city side by side,
and there will be a city one hundred and eighty
miles long and a mile wide, and it would take a
railroad train, running at the rate of a mile a
minute, three hours to run from one end of the
city to the other. Again, if it were possible to


plant these one hundred and eighty sections of city,
or one hundred and fifteen thousand two hundred
acres of land, to corn, and raise about fifty bushels
to the acre, there would be the grand total of five
million seven hundred and sixty thousand bushels.
Lay out this vast cornfield into a strip of land
wide enough for one row of corn, about four feet
wide, and you would have a corn row two hun-
dred and thirty-seven thousand six hundred miles
long, — long enough to reach around the earth nine
and a half times.

Start a twelve-year-old boy at one end of this
row of corn to plow with a team of horses walk-
ing about sixteen miles a day. and by the time
he reached the other end of his corn row he would
be sixty years old, for it would take fourteen thou-
sand eight hundred and fifty days to plow it once ;
and, allowing three hundred working days to the
year, this would mean about forty-eight years, and
this added to his twelve years when he started
would make him sixty years old. If he should
want to plow his corn twice, it would take him as
long to plow back as it took him to go out, and
then he would be one hundred; and eight years
old, — just a little too old to enjoy the two mil-
lion eight hundred and eighty thousand dollars that


his corn crop would sell for at fifty cents per

The corn that might be raised on this big field
would weigh three hundred and forty-five million
six hundred thousand pounds, or one hundred and
seventy-two thousand eight hundred tons, and
would require a corncrib six feet wide and ten feet
high and about two and a quarter miles long to
hold the corn. And it would take a train of cars
more than six miles long to carry all the corn
that could be raised on the ground where the city
of Chicago stands. The city has four thousand
one hundred and sixty miles of streets. Placed
end to end they would almost reach from San Fran-
cisco, California, to Yokohama. Japan. In 1902 the
city had five thousand one hundred anrl twenty-
three fires, and the loss by fire was four million
one hundred and eighteen thousand nine hundred
and thirty-three dollars.

In this great city it takes thirty-six thousand
two hundred and eighty-nine street lamps to light
up the city by night, and last year these lights cost
the city nine hundred and thirty-six thousand one
hundred and seventy-nine dollars to keep them go-

Last year there was pumped into the city one


hundred and thirty billion eight hundred and nine-
ty-two million two hundred and eighty-eight thou-
sand and twenty gallons of water, which will make
one hundred and fifty-six gallons for each man.
woman and child of Chicago, for each day of the
year: and the water supply cost three million two
hundred and twenty-five thousand six hundred and
sixty -one dollars. Chicago has one thousand
eight hundred and seventy -two miles of water pipe.
This would reach from Chicago to Xew York City.
and back to Chicago again. In addition to this
there are lake and land tunnels twenty-eight miles
long. These are about six feet in diameter, and
they bring the water in from the lake. These tun-
nels are deep under the ground, and are dug out
under the lake as far as live miles. They are care-
fully cased with brick laid in cement. The tunnels
terminate in what is called a "' crib." where the fresh
water is allowed to tiow into the tunnels from the
lake, and through therti into the city where there
are pumping stations. The water is pumped up
from the tunnels and forced through these eighteen
hundred miles of water pipes, and kept at pressure
of about fort\ pounds to the square inch. From
the fact that it takes one hundred and fift>'-six
.srallons of water each dav for each citizen of Chi-


cago, — also six thousand seven hundred and forty
saloons (making a solid line of saloons, if placed
side by side, thirty-five miles long; each one of
these saloons pays five hundred dollars license per
year, which amount aggregates three million three
linndred and seventy thousand dollars), with thou-
sands of soda water fountains, — it would seem that
an unquenchable thirst is one of the chief charac-
teristics of Chicago people. It is said that about
one hundred and thirteen thousand dollars is paid
into the saloons daily, and they are open for busi-
ness seven days in the week, and from five A. M.
until one A. M., or twenty hours out of the twenty-

It is a saying frequently heard that there is as
much drunkenness where the sale of liquor is not
licensed as there is where it is sold under the sanc-
tion of the law. This statement I believe to be
absolutely false. Last year there were arrested in
Chicago, for drunkenness alone, thirty-two thou-
sand four hundred and eighty-two persons ; and
there is but little doubt that this appalling number
of drunkards represents but a small portion of peo-
ple in that condition who have escaped arrest. And
yet men will go on advocating the legalization of
the sale of the damning stufif, which is one of Sa-


tan's '• Strong delusions " in destroying- souls. From
the best statistics it is learned that not less than
eighty thousand people fill drunkards' graves ev-
ery year. It is one of the common sights, of every-
day occurrence in Chicago, as well, perhaps, as it is
in every large city, to see little tots of boys and
girls sent to the saloon for pails of beer for their
parents and others. Frequently I have seen bovs,
with a pole six or eight feet long run through the
handle of as many as ten or twelve small pails,
going to the saloon and having them all filled and
carrying them back to the men who sent them aft-
er the liquor.

Again, referring to drunkenness, in sixty-eight
large cities of the United States there were arrested
last year for drunkenness three hundred and four
thousand one hundred and sixteen persons. Fifty
of these sixty-eight cities paid for license to sell
liquor last year twenty-three million two hundred
and four thousand dollars. These figures in a
measure show what men are willing to do for the
sake of being Satan's aids in sending men to per-
dition, destroying homes, breaking wives' and moth-
ers' hearts, sending children — homeless and worse
than fatherless — on the streets to beg, to live a life
in squalor, to grow up in sin and crime, and eventu-


all}- to fill our reformatories, our schools of correc-
tion, our prisons, and our insane asylums. And.
worse still, these boys become voters, and have no
small hand in the filling of offices with vicious,
dishonest and disreputable characters. Such are
the conditions of one phase of society in Chicago.

On the first page of this chapter Chicago was
referred to as having a large commerce by rail-
road. There are now twenty main trunk lines en-
tering the city, with fourteen hundred and fifty
passenger trains arriving and departing every day.
besides the hundreds of thousands of freight cars
coming and going constantly, bringing in from the
country all sorts of products, and carrying out ev-
erything that the people all over the country may

Then there is our great post office, handling, in
one year, one billion three hundred and twenty-
six million five hundred and twenty-six thousand
six hundred and twenty-eight pieces of mail mat-
ter, and the receipts last year were nine million
six hundred and eleven thousand five hundred and
sixty-nine dollars. And there are thousands of
clerks and letter carriers to handle this mammoth
pile of mail matter. Besides the postal clerks and
letter carriers, the city of Chicago employs fifteen


thousand two hundred and fifty-eight persons, at
an annual outlay of sixteen million five hundred
and five thousand nine hundred and forty dollars,
making an average of about one thousand and sev-
enty-five dollars for each individual employed by
the city.

Drainage Canal. It may not be generally known,
the wonderful work of changing the source of the
Chicago River. Prior to the year 1900 the river,
with all the sewerage emptied into it from the city,
flowed into the lake, and after strong Avind storms
from the west this sewerage would find its way to
the cribs, five miles out in the lake, and flow back
to the city in our drinking water. To avoid this
it was necessary to change the source of the river,
and the Great Drainage Canal was the result. The
third of September, 1892, the work Avas begun. The
width of the canal is about one hundred and fifty
feet at the bottom and about two hundred feet at
the top, with a minimum depth of water of twenty-
two feet and a current of a mile and a half per
hour. The canal has a capacity of three hundred
thousand cubic feet per minute. Its length is twen-
ty-eight and one-half miles, and the amount of
excavation was forty-two million three hundred and
ninetv-seven thousand nine hundred and four cubic


3^ards of earth and rock. This gigantic undertak-
ing cost thirty-nine million eight hundred and thir-
ty-one thousand five hundred and three dollars and
seventy-seven cents, and took almost eight years to
complete it. The water was turned into the canal
Jan. 2, 1900. Before the completion of the canal
the river had a slow current, was a stinking, filthy,
muddy, disease-breeding stream, so thick with sew-
erage at times that it was almost too thick to flow
at all ; but now it is no uncommon thing to see
the water in the river as clear and blue as the wa-
ter in the lake. This is made possible by the one
Imndred and fifty-seven billion seven hundred and
sixty-eight million cubic feet of clean water from
the lake flowing through the river each year into
the drainage canal and then using the Desplaines
and Illinois rivers to the Mississippi.

So many are the great enterprises of Chicago
to-day that one cannot possibly keep track of them
all, and I must not dwell on this part of my sub-
ject longer, however interesting and instructive it
may be, because the land on which the city is built,
houses, streets, sewers, water tunnels and pipes,
saloons and the drainage canal are not all there is of
Chicago, nor of as much importance as the latter
pari oi the title of this chapter.


" The Boys and Girls."

Dr. S. C. Mills says : " We all know that the
relation between atmosphere and life is exceedingly
intimate. It makes all the difference in the world
whether the flower is planted in the tropics or
among the ice floes; whether the tree stands in the
sunshine, fanned by the pure, sw^eet breezes of some
New England hillside, or amid the smoke and nox-
ious gases of a western city. It makes all conceiv-
able difference, morally, whether a boy is born in
a neighborhood reeking with vice, poisoned by the
saloon and gambling den. or in one permeated with
the vigorous influences of noble homes." Alas!
how many boys and girls come into this world
handicapped to begin with, not wanted as it were.

But we all rejoice to know that the interest in
children is rapidly growing, and is on the increase
more than ever before in the world's history. Nev-
er has there been a time when such school privi-
leges were available to every boy and girl in our
great, broad land as there are to-day.

In Chicago alone there are about two hundred
and fifty public schools, besides nearly two hun-
dred Catholic schools. This interest in child life
is no new thing. Nineteen hundred years ago the
Master said : '' Suffer the children to come unto


nie." Then we read this of one who lived in olden
times: "And the child Samuel i^rcw on, and was
in favor both with the Lord, and also with men."
And of the boy Jesus it is said : " And Jesus in-
creased in wisdom, and in favor with God and man."
So we see that these two sublime characters were
not only in favor with God, but that men were in-
terested in them also. It is said upon pretty good
authority that on the occasion of a child being
lost in one of the great eastern cities (New York.
I think) the interest became so intense that two
million more copies of the daily papers were sold
because of the lost child than were sold because
of the Spanish-American war which was going
on at the same time. Jt is, of course, to be un-
derstood, for the same period of time that the child
was lost.

When Charlie Ross was stolen, I remember how
greatly everyone became interested, how prayers
were offered that he might be found and returned
to his broken-liearted father, and mother stricken in
body and in reason. How the daily papers print-
ed column after column of news concerning the
little lost boy, and the interest and excitement was
at fever heat because a child had been stolen and
lost to his father and motlier.


The time seems to 1)e liere when the authorities,
philanthropists, and society in q^eneral realize that
it is vastly more consistent and l^y far mucii easier
to save a boy than it is to reform and convert a
hardened criminal. Some one said : " Save a man
and you save a unit ; but save a boy and you not
only save a soul, but }ou save a life." Because of
this growing interest in child life, we have orphans'
homes, half-orphans* homes, foundlings' homes,
homes for feeble-minded children and for blind
ones, for deformed and crippled children, and last
and saddest, we are obliged to have reformatories
and schools of correction for both ])oys and girls.

In the State reformatory at Pontiac, Illinois, there
are ten hundred and thirty-four boys ; sent there
mostly for stealing. Chicago has in this same in-
stitution one hundred and forty-one boys. Then
in the John Worthy School, a place of correction
connected with the House of Correction, commonly
known as the Bridewell, or the city prison, for per-
sons who are sentenced for a less period than a
year, there are four hundred and two boys. Then
in the State Training School for (lirls at Geneva,
Illinois, Chicago has one hundred and forty-four
girls, and in the House of the Good Shepherd in
this city we have eighty-four girls. In these four


schools for correction and confinement, Chicago has
almost eight hundred boys and girls. All of this
number have been arrested on the streets of Chi-
cago, and many of the number range in age from
ten to fourteen years. The commonest crime for
which these children are arrested is theft, and next
is vagrancy. What an army they make. And
these almost eight hundred are but a few of the
number who constantly are being placed under ar-
rest and sent to these places, to fill up the ranks
of those who are paroled or whose terms have ex-
pired. One most gratifying feature of the deten-
tion of these boys and girls in the respective schools
named is this : Mr. M. M. Mallary, Superintendent
of the Pontiac Reformatory, says about eighty per
cent of the boys placed there make good, law-abid-
ing citizens after they are sent out. Of course they
are sent to school, and taught all the common
branches, as well as instructed in some trade, such
as carpentering, bricklaying, moulding, printing,
photography, also in military drill. Special atten-
tion is given to industrial training in twenty-six
departments, so that every boy may be taught some
occupation which may be of use to him when he
returns again to the outside world.

Mrs. Ophelia L. Amigh, Superintendent of the


Geneva School for (iirls, says: "My faith in the
ultimate saving of eighty per cent of these young
wards of the State to respectable citizenship does
not waver as the time goes onward, but is strength-
ened as the sinews of the work in the shape of more
money and new buildings have been added to our
former facilities." So, again, we have the testimony
of one who is eminently qualified to testify (Mrs.
Amigh) that she is hopeful that fully eighty per
cent may be saved of those placed in her charge.
But how much better it would be if we could save
these boys and girls from even tliis forced imprison-
ment and schooling.

Here I wish to quote at length from an address
that Mr. M. M. Mallary deli\'ered here in the city
last November: "The establishment and mainte-
nance of reformatories for the training and educa-
tion of young persons sentenced by the courts un-
der the penal statutes to serve a term of confine-
ment, is a step in the direction of the application to
civil government of the divine teachings of the
Man of Galilee. The Master came into the world
to seek and save that which was lost, and the
trend of public opinion and of modern legislation,
which is the result of public opinion, has set stead-
ily in the direction of more humane and scientific


treatment of all classes of defectives, whether phys-
ical, mental or moral. There is more joy in heaven
over one sinner that repenteth than over the ninety
and nine just persons which need no repentance ; and
if the spirit of human societ}^ cannot attain to this
divine standard it can at least stretch out a helping
hand to the erring and unfortunate and devote some
portion of civic energy to the reclaiming of those
who, either through weakness or perversity, have
gone astray. Reformatory legislation also recog-
nizes the fact that the interests of society are best
served by the transformation of the youthful of-
fender into a useful citizen. The keynote is edu-
cation of heart, brain, eye, and conscience."

In what this eminent reformer has said we heart-
ily concur ; but it seems to me that Christian peo-
ple have a duty to these boys and girls even before
the reform schools are obliged to take them under
their care. In the frontispiece, Chicago's '* One
Hundred and One," all are children that are under
the instruction and care of the " Chicago Mission,"
either in the industrial work or the Sunday school.
And we shall labor assiduously, and pray very ear-
nestly that not one of them shall ever find the way
into one of these reformatory schools. We have
now about four hundred boys and girls enrolled in


our Sunday schools and industrial work. Some
may wonder wdiere this army of delinquents comes
from. As has been said, there are enough saloons
in the city of Chicago to make a solid line thirty-
five miles long, and there are only enough churches
to make a line about six miles long, in number be-
tween six and seven hundred. The influence of
the saloon is always downward. About ninety per
cent of vagrancy, vagabondism and outcasts may
trace their deplorable condition directly or indi-
rectly to the influence of the licjuor habit ; and this

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Online LibraryW. R MillerThe Chicago Sunday school extension → online text (page 1 of 9)