W. W. (Walter Wilson) Greg.

Clyomon and Clamydes 1599 online

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This reprint of Clyomon and Clamydes has been prepared under
the direction of the General Editor.

Du.i 9 i,. W.W.Greg.

No entry referring to Clyomon and Clamydes has been found
in the Stationers' Register, and the only early edition known 191^
is that from the press of Thomas Creede bearing the date
1^99. This is a quarto printed in roman type of a size
approximating to modern pica (20 11. = 82 mm.). Of this
a copy, wanting the leaf A 1 before the title-page and also
slightly mutilated, is in the British Museum, while a perfect
copy is in the possession of the Duke of Devonshire. The
first of these has formed the basis of the present reprint, but
the second has been consulted in all cases of doubt. No
variants have been observed.

The title-page states that the play had been performed by
the Queen's players. This company acted regularly at court
down to 1 J9 1. After that it apparently fell into low water,
for its only subsequent appearance there was on 6 January
ij"94, and its performances in London seem to have been
few. In the provinces Queen's men continue to be mentioned
till 1602, but it is doubtful whether the same company is
intended, for this left London in the spring of 1^9 4, and
there is some reason to suppose that it did not outlive the
year. Whether it was the original owner of the play there is
no means of telling.

Dyce included Clyomon and Clamydes in his edition of the
works of George Peele, with the remark : < On the title-page
of a copy of this play, a MS. note in a very old hand attributes
it to Peele ; and, I have no doubt, rightly.' This copy does
not appear to be now known. Bullen, on the other hand,
though reprinting the play along with Peele's, doubted his
authorship, and critical opinion has certainly upheld this view.
More than one writer has indeed attempted to vindicate Peele's
right, but no attempt has ever been made to show that the
arguments advanced in support of this ascription would not
equally prove Peele's authorship of Common Conditions, a very


similar piece which was entered in the Stationers' Register
on 27 July 15-76 (Arber's Transcript, ii. 301), and may be
some years older. Those who deny Peek's authorship have
suggested the names of Robert Wilson, Richard Bower, and
Thomas Preston as possible claimants, but without advancing
any convincing grounds for their conjectures. All that can
here be said is that Clyomon and Clamydes is very likely by the
same hand as, and almost certainly contemporary with, Common
Conditions, to which it is, if anything, probably anterior. This
would place its composition at least ten years earlier than
the printing of the Arraignment of Paris, Peele's earliest play.
That these rambling romances retained some popularity seems
to be proved by the burlesque of them of Peele's Old Wives


List of Doubtful Readings, &c.

N.B. — The following is primarily a list of those passages in which the
reading of the original is open to question. It also includes a number
of readings which are evident typographical blunders of the original, or
might appear to be such, this being necessary as a defence of the accuracy
of the reprint. It makes, however, no pretence of supplying a complete
list of errors and corruptions, still less of offering any criticism or emen-
dation, while, on the other hand, the inclusion of a reading does not
necessarily imply that it is incorrect.

The original appears to have been printed with tolerable accuracy as far
as mere composition is concerned. There are, however, a considerable
number of more or less deep-seated corruptions in the text for which
reference should be made to Bullen's edition. Towards the end of the play
there is a tendency to place colons in place of periods at the end of speeches,
an irregularity which has not been noticed in this list.

191 Kight,

199 Clya.

210 Ring

349 bfore,

364 Mars I] possibly Marsl

43d Adiu

5:00 Clamy.] C /amy in original: error
for Clyo. It is Clyomon not
Clamydes who leaves the

5-16 fifteeene

5-13 there

5:27 and

541 tobring

5-47 Exit.] possibly Exit :

624 Exeunt.

640 Iulianas

722 Shiftmai.

725 Clyomomon,

804 fmall
105-2 obfolue,
1095: deate,

1 187 Adue,] possibly A due,
1248 came
13 1 3 be
1374 aflaile,
1377 receiue,

1398 holyday] possibly holy day
1452 Chat] probably error for

Co. That
1524 a loue
15-30 as (heepe

a ftray
15-31 c.w. hA
155-4 that] possibly chat
1608 griefly
1793 Gtace
1823 haue
1 841 knowne,

1 87 1 faithfull] possibly faithfull

1872 Nerones
1934 ay,
1942 Kiag.

2018 formy

2019 whaa
2023 Clamy.

205-1 fifte] the r dropped out and the
y of you gradually shifted to
the left

2096 cowarly

215-9 ne '* s

2162 Nerones.

2170 craue,

2182] not indented

2206 ioyfull] possibly ioy full


List of Characters

in order of appearance.

Clamydes, son to the King of Suavia.

Juliana, daughter to the King of

Clyomon, son to the King of Den-

Subtle Shift, the Vice.

The King of Suavia.

two Lords attendant.

Alexander the Great.

a Lord attendant.

Bryan Sans Foy.

a Boatswain.

Neronis, daughter to the King of
the Strange Marshes.

two Lords attendant.


of the

a Knight, released by Clamydes.

Thrasellus, King of Norway.

two Lords attendant.


Corin, a shepherd.


The Widow of the

Strange Marshes.
Mustantius, brother to the King

of the Strange Marshes,
a Page.

The King of Denmark.
The Queen of Denmark.
a Lord attendant.

A herald and a third lord attendant on the King of Suavia, soldiers of
Alexander, two servants of Bryan Sans Foy, two ladies attendant on
Neronis, two more knights released by Clamydes, a second lord attendant
on the King of Denmark, Corin's dog.

Thanks are due to Mr. J. P. Maine, Librarian to the
Duke of Devonshire, for kindly supplying minute infor-
mation as to the readings of the copy of the play preserved
at Chatsworth.


• ,,.,£''

the two valiant Knights y

Syr f/>omow Knighrof the Golden

SheeM ^ lonm ta the King of


As it hath bcrietaJryiptnf
' Mayflies-Players

• J*

A a recto (B. M.)


Sir Clyomon Knight oFthe

golden Sheeld/on to the King of Denmark :

' AuClamydes the white IQiightjfomic to

the Kj,ng ofS wauia.

Enter Clamydes t

CLamy.K^. to the wcaiie wadring wights, whom waltring waues enuirc\
No £i eat cr ioy of ioyes may bcthesi when from out the Ocean
They may behold me A Itirudc of Billovves to abate,
For to obferue the Longitude of Seas in former rate.
And hauing then the latitude of Sca-roomc foi to pa(Tc t
Their ioy is greater through the gr'u fc.then erft beforeit was.
So likewife I CLvnydaJpx ince otSrwutM Noble foyle, •
Bringing my Baike to Denmark? hereto bide thebitter broyle?
And beating blowcs of AillowcshighiWhile raging ftormes did laii;
JVjy griefes was greater then might Lc,but tempefts oucrpaft,
Such gentle caimes enfued hath, as mikes my ioyes more
Through ten or of the former fearc,thcn erft it was before.
So that I fit in fafetie,as Sea-man vnder fhrowdes,
When he percent the ftoimes be part , through vancjuifliing of Clovvdes.
For why ,; he d jubtful I care that drau r me orT,in daunger to prcuaile,
3s dailir through beainglc(lerbraine,and keeping vnder (ui!c :
So rhatl hauc through trauell bng,at Lift polfcft'the place
Whereas my liarkein harbour fafj, doth pleofures^reat embrace:
Togo and come^of cuiloroe fi ee^r anv other taskc<

A .3


A 3 recto (B. M.)



the two valiant Knights,

Syr Clyomon Knight of the Golden

Sheeld, fonne to the King of


And Clamydes the white Knight, fonne to the
King of Suauia.

As it hath bene fundry times Acted by her
Maiefties Players.


Printed by Thomas Creede.

The Prologue.

A*? lately lifting vp the leaues of worthy writers workes,
IV herein the Noble acts and deeds of many hidden lurks,
Our Author he hath found the Glajfe of glory pining bright,
Wherein their Hues are to be feene, which honour did delight,
To be a Lanthome vnto thofe which dayly do dejire,
Apollos Garland by defert, in time for to afpire,
Wherein thefroward chances oft, of Fortune you pall fee,
Wherein the c he are full countenance, of good fuccejfes bee :
Wherein true Louers jindeth ioy, with hugie heapes of care,
Wherein as well as famous facts, ignomius placed are :
Wherein the iuji reward of both, is manifestly powne,
That vertuefrom the roote of vice, might openly be knowne.
And doubting nought right Courteous all, in your accujiomed woont
And gentle eares, our Author he, is prejl to bide the brunt
Of b abler s tongues, to whom he thinks, asfrujlrate all his toile,
As peereles tajie to filthy Swine, which in the mire doth moile.
Well, what he hath done for your delight, he gaue not me in charge,
The Actors come, who pall expreffe the fame to you at large.



Sir Cly omon Knight of the

golden Sheeld, fon to the King of Denmark :

Jlnd Clamydes the white Knight, fonne to

the King of Swauia.

Enter Clamydes. St. I

CLamy. As to the wearie wadring wights, whom waltring waues enuiro,
No greater ioy of ioyes may be, then when from out the Ocean
They may behold the Altitude of Billowes to abate,
For to obferue the Longitude of Seas in former rate.
And hauing then the latitude of Sea-roome for to pafle,
Their ioy is greater through the griefe, then erft before it was.
So like wife I Clamydes •, Prince of Swauia Noble foyle,
Bringing my Barke to Denmarke here, to bide the bitter broyle :
And beating blowes of Billowes high, while raging flormes did lafl, 10

My griefes was greater then might be, but tempefls ouerpafl,
Such gentle calmes enfued hath, as makes my ioyes more
Through terror of the former feare, then erll it was before.
So that I fit in fafetie, as Sea-man vnder fhrowdes,

When he perceiues the flormes be paft, through vanquifhing of Clowdes.
For why, the doubtfull care that draue me off, in daunger to preuaile,
Is dafht through bearing leffer braine, and keeping vnder faile :
So that I haue through trauell long, at lafl ponefl the place
Whereas my Barke in harbour fafe, doth pleafures great embrace :
And hath fuch licenfe limited, as heart can feeme to aske, zo

To go and come, of cuftome free, or any other taske.

A 3 I

The Hiswie of Cfyomon
I meane by Juliana flie, that blaze of bewties breeding,
And for her noble gifts of grace, all other dames exceeding :
Shee hath from bondage fet me free, and freed, yet dill bound
To her, aboue all other Dames that liues vpon the ground :
For had not ihe bene merciflill, my (hip had rufht on Rocks,
And fo decayed amids the flormes, through force of clubbifh knocks:
But when fhe faw the daunger great, where fubiect I did ftand,
In bringing of my filly Barke, full fraught from out my land,
She like a meeke and modefl Dame, what fhould I elfe fay more ? 30

Did me permit with full confent, to land vpon her fhore :
Vpon true promife that I would, here faithfull flill remaine,
And that performe which (he had vowed, for thofe that fhould obtaine
Her princely perfon to pofTefle, which thing to know I flay,
And then aduenturoufly for her, to pafle vpon my way.
Loe where fhe comes, ah peereles Dame, my Tuliana deare.

Enter Iuliana with a white Sheeld.

Tuliana. My Clamy des, of troth Sir Prince, to make you flay thus here,
I profer too much iniurie, thats doubtlefle on my part,

But let it no occafion giue, to breede within your hart 40

Miflrufl that I fhould forge or faine, with you my Loue in ought.

Clamy. No Lady, touching you, in me doth lodge no fuch a thought,
But thankes for your great curtefie that would fo friendly heere
In mids of miferie receiue, a forraine flraunger meere :
But Lady fay, what is your will, that it I may perfland ?

Julia. Sir Prince, vpon a vow, who fpowfeth me, mufl needfly take in hand
The flying Serpent for to fley, which in the Forrefl is,
That of flrange maruels beareth name, which Serpent doth not mis
By dayly vfe from euery coafl, that is adyacent there,

To fetch a Virgin maide or wife, or elfe fome Lady faire, 50

To feed his hungrie panch withall, if cafe he can them take,
His nature loe it onely is, of women fpoyle to make :
Which thing no doubt, did daunt me much, and made me vow indeed,
Who fhould efpoufe me for his wife, fhould bring to me his head :
Whereto my father willingly, did giue his like confent,
Lo Sir Clamydes y now you know what is my whole intent :
And if you will as I haue faid, for me this trauell take,
That I am yours, with heart and mind, your full account do make.

Clamy. Ah

Knight of the golden Sheeld.

Cla. Ah Lady, if cafe chefe trauels fhould furmount, the trauels whereby
Vnto the worthies of the world, fuch noble brute and fame, (came 60

Yea though the dangers fhould furpafle flout Hercules his toyle,
Who fearing nought the dogged feend, flerne Serbarus did foyle.
Take here my hand, if life and limbe the liuing Gods do lend,
To purchafe thee, the dearefl drop of bloud my heart (hall fpend,
And therefore Lady lincke with me, thy loyall heart for aye,
For I am thine til fates vntwine of vital life the flay :
Protefling here if Gods affifl, the Serpent for to kil.

Tuli. Then fhalt thou of all women win, the heart and great good wil,
And me poflefle for fpowfed wife, who in election am

To haue the Crowne of Denmarke here, as heire vnto the fame. 70

For why, no children hath my fire befides mee, but one other,
And he indeed is heire before, for that he is my brother.
And Clyomon fo hight his name, but where he doth remaine,
Vnto my Parents is vnknowne, for once he did obtaine
Their good wills for to go abroad, a while to fpend his daies,
In purchafing through actiue deeds, both honour, laud and praife,
Whereby he might deferue to haue the order of a Knight,
But this omitting vnto thee, Clamydes here I plight
My faith and troth, if what is faid by me thou dofl performe.

Clamy. If not, be fure O Lady with my life, I neuer will returne. 80

luli. Then as thou feemefl in thine attire, a Virgins Knight to be,
Take thou this Sheeld likewife of white, and beare thy name by me,
The white Knight of the Siluer Sheeld, to eleuate thy praife.

Clamy. O Lady as your pleafure is, I (hall at all aflayes
Endeuour my good will to win, if Mars do fend me might,
Such honour as your grace with ioy, fhall welcome home your Knight.

Iuli. Then farewell my deare Clamydes, the gods direct thy way,
And graunt that with the Serpents head, behold thy face I may.


Clamy. You fhall not need to doubt thereof, O faithfull Dame fo true, 90
And humbly killing here thy hand, I bid thy Grace adue.
Ah happie time and blisfull day, wherein by fate I find
Such friendly fauours as is foode, to feede both heart and mind :
To Suauia foile I fwiftly will prepare my foot-Heps right,


The Hijiorie of CIyomon y

There of my father to receiue the order of a Knight :

And afterwards addrelle my felfe in hope of honours Crowne,

Both Tyger fell and Monfter fierce, by dint for to driue downe.

The flying Serpent foone fhall feele, how boldly I dare vaunt me,

And if that Hydras head fhe had, yet dread fhould neuer daunt me.

If murdering Minataure, a man might count this ougly beaft, ioo

Yet for to win a Lady fiich, I do account it leaft

Of trauels toyle to take in hand, and therefore farewell care,

For hope of honour fends me forth, monglt warlike wights to fhare.

Enter Sir Clyomon Knight of the golden Sheeld, fonne to the King of &. H
Denmarke, with fubtill Shift the f^ice, booted.

Clyo. Come on good fellow follow me, that I may vnderftand
Of whence thou art, thus trauelling here in a forraine land:
Come why doft thou not leaue loytering there, and follow after me ?

Shift. Ah I am in ant fhall pleafe you. no

Clyo. In, why where art thou in ?

Shift. Faith in a dirtie Ditch with a woman, fb beraide, as it's pittie to fee.

Clyo. Wei, I fee thou art a merrie copanion, I fhall like better of thy cSpany:
But I pray thee come away.

Shift. If I get out one of my legs as faft as I may
Ha lo, A my buttocke, the very foundation thereof doth breake,
Ha lo, once againe, I am as fafl, as though I had frozen here a weeke.
Here let him flip vnto the Stage backwards, as though he had puld
his leg out of the mire, one boote off, and rife vp to

run in againe. 120

Clyo. Why how now, whither runft thou, art thou foolifh in thy mind ?

Shi. But to fetch one of my legs ant fhall pleafe, that I haue left in the
mire behind.

Clyo. One of thy legs, why looke man, both thy legs thou haft,
It is but one of thy bootes thou haft loft, thy labour thou doeft waft.

Shift. But one of my bootes, Iefu, I had fuch a wrench with the fall,
That I aflure, I did thinke one of my legs had gone withall.

Clyo. Well let that paffe, and tell me what thou art, and what is thy name ?
And from whence thou cam'ft, and whither thy iourney thou doeft frame,
That I haue met thee by the way, thus trauelling in this fort? ijo

Shift. What

Knight of the golden Sheeld.

Shift. What you haue requefted, ant {hall pleafe, I am able to report,
What I am by my nature each wight fhall perceiue
That frequenteth my company, by the learning I haue.
I am the Ibnne of Appollo, and from his high feate I came,
But whither I go, it skils not, for knowledge is my name :
And who fo hath knowledge, what needs he to care
Which way the wind blowe, his way to prepare.

Cly. And art thou knowledge, of troth I am glad that I haue met with thee.

Shift. I am knowledge, and haue as good skill in a woman as any man
whatfoeuer he bee. 140

For this I am certaine of, let me but lie with her all night,
And He tell you in the morning, whither (he is maide, wife, or fpright :
And as for other matters, fpeaking of languifhes, or any other thing,
I am able to ferue ant fhall pleafe, ant were great Alexander the King.

Clyo. Of troth, then for thy excellencie, I will thee gladly entertaine,
If in cafe that with me thou wilt promife to remaine.

Shift. Nay ant fhall pleafe ye, I am like to a woman, fay nay and take it,
When a gentleman profers entertainment, I were a fbole to forfake it.

Clyo. Well knowledge, then fith thou art content my feruant to bee,
And endued with noble qualities, thy perfonage I fee, ijo

Thou hauing perfect knowledge, how thy felfe to behaue :
I will fend thee of mine arrant, but hafle thither I craue :
For here I will flay thy comming againe.

Shift. Declare your pleafure fir, and whither I fhall go, and then the cafe
is plaine.

Clyo. Nay of no great importance, but being here in Suauia
And neare vnto the Court, I would haue thee to take thy way
Thither with all fpeede, becaufe I would heare
If any fhewes or triumphs be towards, elfe would I not come there,
For onely vpon feates of amies, is all my delight. \6o

Shift. If I had knowne fo much before, ferue that ferue will, I would haue
feru'd no martiall Knight.
Well fir, to accomplish your will, to the court I will hy,
And what newes is there ftirring, bring word by and by.


Clyo. Do fo good knowledge, and here in place thy comming I will ftay:

B For

The Hiftorie of Clyomon

For nothing doth delight me more, then to heare of martiall play,
Can foode vnto the hungrie corps, be caufe of greater ioy,
Then for the haughtie heart to heare, which doth it felfe imploy,
Through martiall excercifes much to winne the brute of Fame, 170

Where mates do meete which therevnto their fancies feemes to frame :
Can muficke more the penfiue heart or daunted mind delight,
Can comfort more the carefull corps and ouer palled fpright,
Reioyce, then found of Trumpet doth each warlike wight allure,
And Drum and Fyfe vnto the fight doth noble hearts procure,
To fee in funder fhiuered, the Lance that leades the way,
And worthy knights vnbeauered, in field amidil the fray,
To heare the ratling Cannons roare, and Hylts on Helmets ring,
To fee the fouldiers fwarme on heapes, where valiant hearts doth bring
The cowardly crew into the cafe of carefull Captiues band, l8 °

Where auncients braue difplayed be, and wonne by force of hand.
What wight would not as well delight as this to heare and fee,
Betake himfelfe in like affaires a fellow mate to bee,
With Clyomon, to Denmarke King the onely fonne and heire
Who of the Golden Sheeld as now, the knightly name doth beare
In euery land fince that I foyld the worthy Knight of Fame,
Sir Samuel before the King, and Prince of martiall game.
Alexander cald the Great, which when he did behold,
He gaue to me in recompence, this Shield of glittering Gold :
Requeuing for to know my name, the which lhall not be fhowen 190

To any Kight, vnlefle by force he make it to be knowen.
For fo I vowed to Denmarke King, my fathers grace when I
Firft got his leaue, that I abroad my force and ltrength might try.
And fo I haue my felfe behau'd, in Citie, Towne and field,
That neuer yet did fall reproach, to the Knight of the Golden Shield.
Enter Subtill Shift, running.

Shift. Gods ames, where are you, where are you ? and you bee a man
come away.

Clya. Why what is the matter knowledge ? to tell thy arrand flay.

Shift. Stay, what talke you of flaying, why then all the fight will be pail, 200
Clamides the Kings fonne fhall be dubd Knight in all hall.

Clyo. Ah knowledge, then come indeed, and good paflime thou lhalt fee,
For I will take the honour from him, that dubbed I may bee. Vpon

Knight of the golden Sheeld,

Vpon a couragions flomacke, come let vs hafle thither.


Shift. Leade you the way and ile follow, weele be both made knights to-
Ah firrah, is my mailler fb luflie, or dares he be fo bold ? (gither,

It is no maruell then, if he beare a Sheeld of Gold.

But by your patience if he continue in this bufineffe, farewell maifler than,
For I promife you, I entend not very long to be his man : 210

Although vnder the tytle of knowledge my name I do faine,
Subtill Shift I am called, that is moft plaine.
And as it is my name, fo it is my nature alfo,
To play the fhifting knaue whereibeuer I go.

Well, after him I will, but foft now, if my mailler chance to be lofb
And any man examine me, in telling his name I am as wife as a poll.
What a villaine was I, that ere he went, could not aske it ?
Well, its no great matter, I am but halfe bound, I may feme whom I will yet.

Enter the Ring o/~Suauia, with the Herauld before him : Sc. Hi

Clamydes, three Lords.

King. Come Chmides thou our fonne, thy Fathers talke attend, 222

Since thou art prefl thy youthfull dayes in prowefle for to fpend :
And doefl of vs the order aske, of knighthood for to haue,
We know thy deeds deferues the fame, and that which thou doeft craue
Thou (halt poflefle : but firfl my fonne, know thou thy fathers charge,
And what to knighthood doth belong, thine honour to enlarge :
Vnto what end a knight is made, that Hkewife thou maifte know,
And beare the fame in mind alfo, that honour thine may flow
Amongfl the worthies of the world, to thy immortall fame : 230

Know thou therefore Clamydes deare, to haue a knightly name
Is firfl aboue all other things his God for to adore,
In truth according to the lawes prefcribde to him before.
Secondly, that he be true vnto his Lord and king.
Thirdly, that he keepe his faith and troth in euery thing.
And then before all other things that elfe we can commend,
That he be alwaies ready prefl, his countrey to defend :
The Widow poore, and fatherleffe, or Innocent bearing blame,
To fee their caufe redreffed right, a faithfull knight mufl frame :

B 2 In

The Historie of Clyomon

In truth he alwaies muft be tried, this is the totall charge, 240

That will receiue a knightly name, his honour to enlarge.

Chi. O Father, this your gracious counfell giuen, to me your onely fonne,
Shall not be in obliuion call, till vitall race be runne:
What way dooth winne Dame Honours Crowne, thofe pathes my fleppes

(hall trace.
And thofe that to reproach doth leade, which feeketh to deface

1 3 4 5 6

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