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A critical and exegetical commentary on the Epistle to the Romans online

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does not fail to speak with tbJe utmost reverence of the whole word of God.''
2 he Congregationalisi



JTxe international (^xxtxcdl ©oninxentar^o



*'This admirable series." — The London Academy.



EPHESIANS AND COLOSSIANS.

By the Rev. T. K. ABBOTT, B.D., D. Litt.

Formerly Professor of Biblical Greek, now of Hebrew, Trinity College,

Dublin.



Crown 8vo, Net, $2.50.



•• The latest volume of this admirable series is iaformed with the very
best spirit in which such work can be carried out — a spirit of absolute
fidelity to the demonstrable truths of critical science. . . . This summary
of the results of modern criticism applied to these two Pauline letters is,
for the use of scholarly students, not likely to be superseded." — The Lotu
don Academy.

" An able and independent piece of exegesis, and one that none of us can
afford to be without. It is the work of a man who has made himself mas-
ter of his theme. His linguistic ability is manifest. His style is usually
clear. His exegetical perceptions are keen, and we are especially grateful
for his strong defence of the integrity and apostolicity of these two great
monuments of Pauline teaching." — The Expos-tor.

"!*• displays every mark of conscientious judgment, wide reading, and
grammatical insight. " — Literature.

" In discrimination, learning, and candor, it is the peer of the other vol.
umes of the series. The elaborate introductions are of special value." — .
Professor George B. Stevens, of Yale University.

"It is rich in philological material, clearly arranged, and judiciously
handled. The studies of words are uncommonly good. ... In the
balancing of opinions, in the distinguishing between fine shades of mean-
ing, it is both acute and sound." — The Church.

" The exegesis based so solidly on the rock foundation of philology is
argumentatively and convincingly strong. A spiritual and evangelical tenor
pervades the interpretation from first to last. . . . These elements, to-
gether with the author's full-orbed vision of the truth, with his discrimina-
tive judgment and his felicity of expression, make this the peer of any com-
mentary on these important letters." — 77/ 1? Standard.

" An exceedingly careful and painstaking piece of work The introduc-
tory discussions of questions bearing on the authenticity and integrity (of
the epistles) are clear and candid, and the exposition of the text displays a
fine scholarship and insight." — N^orth'tvestcrn Christian Advocate.

"The book is from first to last exegetical and critical. Every phrase in
the two Epistles is searched as with lighted candles. The authorities for
variant readings are canvassed but weighed, rather than counted. The mul-
tiform ancient and modern interpretations are investigated with the ex-
haustiveness of a German lecture-room, and the judicial spirit of an English
court-room. Special discussions are numerous and thorough." — The Cott'
Hre^aiionalist.



C^e 3itternationa* Crtttcaf Commentary.



" / have already expressed viy conviction that the Inter-
Kational C-'itica! Commentary is the best critical conttnentary.
en the whole Bible, in existence." — Dr. Lyman Abbott.

Philippians and Philemon

BY

REV. MARVIN R. VINCENT, D.D.

Profisser oj E.'.'.'cai Literature in Union Theological Seminary, t/ew York,



Crown 8vo, Net $2.00.



"It is, in short, in every way worthy of the series." — The Scotsman.

" Professor Vincent's Commentary on Philippians and Philemon appears
to me not less admirable for its literary merit than for its scholarship and its
clear and discriminating discussions of the contents of these Epistles." — Dr.
George P. Fisher.

"The book contains many examples of independent and judicial weigh-
ing of evidence. We have been delighted with the portion dfivoted to Phile-
mon. Unlike most commentaries, this may wisely be read as a whole."—
T/ie Congregationalist

"Of the merits of the work it is enough to say that it is worthy of its
place in the noble undertaking to which it belongs. It is ful' of just such
information as the Bible -tudent, lay or clerical, needs ; and while giving an
jLbundance of the truths of erudition to aid the critical student of the text, it
abounds also in that more popular information which enables the attentive
reader almost to put himselt in St. Paul's place, to see with the eyes and feel
with the heart of the Apostle to the Gentiles." — Boston Advertiser.

"If it is possible in these days to produce a commentary which will be
free from polemical and ecclesiastical bias, the feat will be accomplished in
the International Critical Commentary. . . . It is evident that the writer
has given an immense amount of scholarly research and original thought to
the subject. . . . The author's introduction to the Epistle to Philemon
is an admirable piece of literature, calculated to arouse in the student's mind
an intense interest in the circumstances which produced this short letter from
the inspired Apostle." — Commercial Advertiser.

" His discussion of Philemon is marked by sympathy and appreciation,
and his full discussion of the relations of Pauline Christianity to slavery are
interesting, both historically and sociologically." — The Dial.

" Throughout the work scholarly research is evident. It commends itsel/
by its clear elucidation, its keen exegesis which marks the word study on
every page, its compactness of statement and its simplicity of arrnngemant."
— Lutheran World.

" The scholarship of the author seems to be fully equal to his i dertaking,
and he has given to us a fine piece of work. One cannot but se that if the
entire series shall be executed upon a par with this portion, thei »an *oe lit-
tle left, to De aesired." — Philadelphia Presbyterian Journal.



Z^t Jnternationaf Criticaf Commentary.

" T/ie best commentary and the one most useful to the Bibtt
student is The International Critical."

— The Reformed Church Review.



ST. PETER AND ST. JUDE

By the Rev. CHARLES BIQQ, D.D.

Regius Professor of Ecclesiastical History in the University of Oxford



Crown 8vo, Net, $2.50.

*• His commentary is very satisfactory indeed. His notes are particularly
valuable. We know of no work on these Epistles which is so full and satis-
factory." — The Living C/iiurJt,

" It shows an immense amount of research and acquaintanceship with the
views of the critical school." — Herald and Presbyter.

"This volume well sustains the reputation achieved by its predecessors.
The notes to the text, as well as the introductions, are marked by erudition
at once affluent and discriminating." — The Outlook.

"Canon Bigg's work is pre-eminently characterized by judicial open-
mindedness and sympathetic insight Into historical conditions. His realistic
interpretation of the relations of the apostles and the circumstances of the
early church renders the volume invaluable to students of these themes.
The exegetical work in the volume rests on the broad basis of careful lin-
guistic study, acquaintance with apocal}iptic literature and the writings of
the Fathers, a sane judgment, and good sense." — American Journal of
Theology.



NUMBERS



By the Rev. Q. BUCHANAN GRAY, D.D,

Professor of Hebrew, Mansfield College, Oxford.



Crown 8vo. Net, $3.00.

" Most Bible readers have the impression that * Numbers' is a dull
book only relieved by the brilliancy of the Balaam chapters and some
snatches of old Hebrew songs, but, as Prof. Gray shows with admi-
rable skill and insight, its historical and religious value is not that
which lies on the surface. Prof. Gray's Commentary is distinguished
by fine scholarship and sanity of judgment; it is impossible to
commend it too warmly." — Saturday Revieio {^London').



'gixz Jixtcvuatioual Ol^vitical CH^oimwiMitavy.



AMOS AND HOSEA.

By WILLIAM RAINEY HARPER, Ph.D., LL.D.

Professor of Setnitic Languages and Literatures in the University of Chictgt.



Crown 8vo. Net, $3.00. Postage, 20 cents.



"His book combines thorough technical scholarship with large measure of
ethical and spiritual insight, and we think his Commentary on Amos and Hosea
will take its place among the best in this very excellent series." — The Outlook.

" It is unnecessary to say that in scholarly completeness, Dr. Harper's volume
ranks with the best of the International Critical Commentary Series." — The
Standard,

"The commentary is remarkable for its clear analysis, and exhaustive in its
minute completeness. It furnishes materials to the student from which he may
form his own judgment rather than seeks to impress dogmatic conclusions."

— The Watchtnan.

" I think it safe to say that in no language can there be found such a
scholarly piece of work on the two important prophets, Amos and Hosea." —
Rev. L. W. Batten, Ph.D., D.D., Rector of St. Mark's Church, New York
City, sometime Professor of Hebrew, P. E. Divinity School, Philadelphia.

" Professor Harper's critical position is that of sound progressive scholar-
ship. He possesses also the gift of the true teacher of interesting others in
his subject. The volume will easily take its place as a most important com-
mentary on these prophets." — Congregationalist.

" I shall have pleasure in recommending it to all students in our Seminary.
This book fills, in the most favorable manner, a long-felt want for a good
critical commentary on two of the most interesting books in the Old
Testament." — Rev. Lewis B. Paton, Ph.D., Professor of Hebrew, Hartford
Theological Seminary.

"He has gone, with characteristic minuteness, not only into the analysis
and discussion of each point, endeavoring in every case to be thoroughly
exhaustive, but also into the history of exegesis and discussion. Nothing at
all worthy of consideration has been passed by. The consequence is that
when one carefully studies what has been brought together in this volume,
either upon some passage of the two prophets treated, or upon some question
of critical or antiquarian importance in the introductory portion of the volume,
one feels that he has obtained an adequately exhaustive view of the subject."

— The fnterior.



Zbe Ifntctnational



'Cbeolooical Xibtat^.



EDITORS' PREFACE.

Theology has made great and rapid advances in recent
years. New lines of investigation have been opened up,
fresh light has been cast upon many subjects of the deepest
interest, and the historical method has been applied with
important results. This has prepared the way for a Library
of Theological Science, and has created the demand for it.
It has also made it at once opportune and practicable now
to secure the services of specialists in the different depart-
ments of Theology, and to associate them in an enterprise
which will furnish a record of Theological inquiry up to
date.

This Library is designed to cover the whole field of Chris-
tian Theology. Each volume is to be complete in itself,
while, at the same time, it will form part of a carefully
planned whole. One of the Editors is to prepare a volume
of Theological Encyclopaedia which will give the history
and literature of each department, as well as of Theology
as a whole.

The Library Js intended to form a series of Text-Books
for Students of Theology.

The Authors, therefore, aim at conciseness and compact-
ness of statement. At the same time, they have in view



editors' preface.

that large and increasing class of students, in other depart-
ments of inquiry, who desire to have a systematic and thor-
ough exposition of Theological Science. Technical matters
will therefore be thrown into the form of notes, and the
text will be made as readable and attractive as possible.

The Library is international and interconfessional. It
will be conducted in a catholic spirit, and in the interests
of Theology as a science.

Its aim will be to give full and impartial statements both
of the results of Theological Science and of the questions
which are still at issue in the different departments.

The Authors will be scholars of recognized reputation in
the several branches of study assigned to them. They will
be associated with each other and with the Editors in the
effort to provide a series of volumes which may adequately
lepresent the present condition of investigation, and indi-
<"ate the way for further progress.

CHARLES A. BRIGGS.
STEW.\RT D. F. SALMOND.



Theological Encyclopcedia. By Charles A. Briggs, D.D., D.Litt.,

Prof, of Theological Encyclopedia and
Symbolics, Union Theol. Seminarj', N. Y.

An Introduction to the Literature of By S. R. Driver, D.D., D.Litt. Reeius
the Old Testament. Professor of Hebrew, and Canon of

Christ Church. Oxford. {.Revised and
enlarged editiott).

Canon and Text of the Old Testa- By Francis Crawford Burkitt, M.A., Lec-
ment. turer in Cambridge University.

Old Testament History. By Henry Preserved Smith, D.D.,

Professor of Biblical Historv, Amherst
College, Mass. {Now ready.)

Contemporary History of the Old Bv Francis Brown, D.D LL D D Lift
Testament. Professor of Hebrew, Union Theological

Seminary, New Yorli.

Theology rf the Old Testament. By the late A. B. Davidson, D.D., LL.D

Professor of Hebrew, New College'
Edinburgh. {^Nozv ready.) '



ZU 3i^tcrnationaf 2^6co%tcaf £iBrarg.



An Introduction to the Literature
of the New Testament.



Canon and Text of the New Testa-
ment.



The Life of Christ.



A History of Christianity in the
Apostolic Age.

Contemporary History of the New
Testament.

Theology of the New Testament.



Biblical Archaeology.

The Ancient Catholic Church.

The Later Catholic Church.



By Rev. James Moffatt, B,D.



By Caspar Rene Gregory, D.D., LL.D.,
Professor of New Testament Exegesis in
the University of Leipzig.

By William Sandav, D.D., LL.D., Lady
Margaret Professor of Divinity, and
Canon of Christ Church, Oxiord.

By Arthur C. McGiffert, D.D., Professor
of Church History, Union Theological
Seminary, New York. (Now ready.)

By Frank C. Porter, D.D., Professor of
Biblical Theology, Yale University, New
Haven, Cotm.

By George B. Stevens, D.D., Professor
of Systematic Theologv, Yale University,
New Haven, Conn. (Now ready.)

By G. Buchanan Gray, D.D., Professor of
Hebrew, Mansfield College, Oxford.

By Robert Rainy, D.D., LL.D., Principal
of the New College, Edinburgh. (Now
ready.)

By E. W. Watson, LL.D., Professor of
Church History, Kings College, London.



The Greek and Oriental Churches.

The Reformation.

Symbolics.

History of Christian Doctrine.

Christian Institutions.
Philosophy of Religion.

The History of Religions.
Apologetics.

The Doctrine of God.

The Doctrine of Man.

The Doctrine of Christ.

The Christian Doctrine of Salvation.

The Doctrine of the Future Life.
Christian Ethics.



The Christian Pastor and the Work-
ing Church.



The Christian Preacher.
Rabbinical Literature.



By W. F. Adenev, D.D., Professor of
Church History, New College, London.

By T. M. Lindsay, D.D., Principal of the
United Free College, Glasgow.

By Charles A. P,riggs, D.D., D.Litt.,
Prof, of Theological Kiicyclopedia and
Symbolics, Union Theol. Seminary, N. Y.

By G. P. FiSHRR, D.D., LL.D., Professor

of Ecclesiastical History, YaleUiiiversity,
New Haven, Conn. (Revised and en-
larged edition.)

By A. V. G. Allen, D.D., Professor of
Ecclesiastical History, P. E. Divinity
School, Cambridge, Mass. (Now ready.)

By Robert Flint, D.D., LL.D., sometime
Professor of Divinity in the University of
Edinburgh.

By George F. Moore, D.D., LL.D.,

Professor in Harvard University.

By the late A. B. Bruce, D.D., sometime
Professor of New Testament Exegesis,
Free Church College, Glasgow. (Revised
and enlarged edition.)

By William N. Clarke, D.D., Professor
of Systematic Theology, Hamilton The-
ological Seminary.

By William P. Paterson, D.D., Professor
of Divinity, University of Edinburg.

(Author will be announced later.)
By George K. Sticvkns, D.D., Professor of
Systematic Theology, Yale University.
(Now ready.)

(Author will be announced later.)

By Newman Smyth, D.D., Pastor of Con-
greRMlioiial Church, New Haven. (Re-
vised and ettlarged edition.)

By Washinc;ton Gladden, D.D., Pastor

of Congrey-ational Church, Columbus,

Ohio. (Now ready.)
(Author will be announced later.)
By S. Schechter, M.A., President of the

Jewish Theological Seminary, New York

City.



AN INTRODUCTION TO

The Literature of tlie Old Testament

By Prof. S. R. DRIVER, D.D., D.Litte

Canon of Christ Church, Oxford

JVeiu Editio7i Revised



Crown 8vo, 558 pages, $2.50 net



it is the most scholarly and critical work in the English Ian-
gfuage on the literature of the Old Testament, and fully up to the
present state of research in Gt Tiany." — Prof. Philip Schaff, D. D.

" Canon Driver has arrang 1 his material excellently, is succinct
without being hurried or unclea, , and treats the various critical prob-
lems involved wjr.h admirable fairness and good judgment."

—Prof. C. H. Toy.

"His judgment is singularly fair, calm, unbiassed, and inde-
pendent. It is also thoroughly reverential. . . . The service,
which his book will render in the present confusion of mind on this
great subject, can scarcely be overestimated." — The London Times.

"As a whole, there is probably no book in the English language
equal to this ' Introduction to the Literature of the Old Testament'
for the student who desires to understand what the modern criticism
thinks about the Bible." — Dr. Lyman Abbott, in the Outlook.

"The book is one worthy of its subject, thorough in its treat-
ment, reverent in its tone, sympathetic in its estimate, frank in its
recognition of dii^culties, conservative (in the best sense of the
word) in its statement of results "

— Prof. Hexry p. Smith, in the Magazine of Christian Literature.

" In workmg out his method our author takes up each book in
order and goes through it with marvelous and microscopic care.
Every verse, every clause, word by word, is sifted and weighed, and
its place in the literary organism decided upon."

— The Presbyterian Quarterly.

" It contains just that presentation of the results of Old Testa-
ment criticism for which English readers in this department have
been waiting. . . . The whole book is excellent; it will be found
helpful, characterized as it is all through by that scholarly poise of
mind, which, when it does not know, is not ashamed to present de-
grees of probability." — A^ew IVorld.

"... Canon Driver's book is characterized throughout by
thorough Christian scholarship, faithful research, caution in the
expression of mere opinions, candor in the statement of facts and of
the necessary inferences from them, and the devout recognition of
the divine inworking in the religious life of the Hebrews, and of the
tokens of divine inspiration in the literature which records and em-
bodies it." — Dr. A. P, Peabodv, in the Cambridge Tribune.



OLD TESTAMENT HISTORY

By HENRY PRESERVED SMITH, D.D.

PROFESSOR OF BIBLICAL HISTORY AND INTERPRETATION, AMHERST COLLEGE



Crown 8vo, 538 pages, $3.50 net



This book gives a history of Old Testament times.
This it does by a narrative based upon those Bibli-
cal books which are historical in form. The nature
of these books is carefully considered, their data are
used according to historical methods, and the con-
clusions of recent criticism are set forth. The other
books of the Old Testament with the more impor-
tant of the Apocrypha are given their proper place
so far as they throw light on the development of
the Old Testament people.

" Professor Smith has, by his comprehensive and vitalized history,
laid all who care for the Old Testament under great obligations."

— The hidependent.

" The volume is characterized by extraordinary clearness of con-
ception and representation, thorough scholarly ability, and charm
of style." — The Interior.

" Dr. Smith's volume is critical without being polemical, inter-
esting though not imaginative, scholarly without pedantry, and radi-
cal but not destructive. The author is himself an authority, and his
volume is the best single presentation with which we are familiar of
the modern view of Old Testament history." — The Outlook.

"This volume is the result of thorough study, is free from the
controversial spirit and from any evidence of desire to challenge older
theories of the Bible, is written in straightforward, clear style, does
not linger unduly in discussion of doubtful matters, is reverent and at
the same time fearless. If one has accepted the main positions of tlie
Higher Criticism, while he may still differ with Professor Smith's
conclusions here and there, he will find hime^clf in accord with the
spirit of the author, whose scholarship and achievement he will
gladly honor." — The Congregationalist .

" We have a clear, interesting, instructive account of the growth
of Israel, embodying a series of careful judgments on the countless
problems that face the man who tries to understand the life of that
remarkable people. The ' History' takes its place worthily by the side
of Driver's Introduction. The student of to-day is to be congratulated
on having so valuable an addition made to his stock of tools."

— The Expository Times.



tie Jntetnafionaf C^eofo^caf EtBrdt^.

The Theology of the Old Testament.

BY THE LATE

A. B. DAVIDSON, D.D., LL.D., Litt.D.

Professor of Hebrew and Old Testament Exegesis, New College, Edinburgh.

EDITED FROM THE AUTHOR'S MANUSCRIPTS

BY

S. D. F. SALMOND, D.D., F.E.I.S.

Principal of the United Free Church College, Aberdeen.

Crown 8vo. 568 pages. $2,50 net.

" It is one of those monumental works whose publication the scholar hails
with gratitude. Principal Salmond has edited Professor Davidson's manu-
scripts with care and fidelity. It would require much more space than we
can give this volume in our crowded columns even to mdicate the many points
in which this, one of the greatest of Hebrew scholars, shows himself a lineal
descendant and successor of the ancient prophets whom he loved so well; but
it is enough to say that the work is fitted by its scholarship and its tone to
become a standard in every theological seminary. Great pains have been
taken with the Hebrew text, so frequently quoted, and its use is distinctly
illuminative. His learning is never introduced to dazzle, but always to en-
lighten the reader." — I'/te Interior.

" We hope every clergyman will not rest content till he has procured and
studied this most admirable and useful book. Every really useful question
relating to man — his nature, his fall, and his redemption, his present life of
grace, his life after death, his future life — is treated of. We may add that the
most conservatively inclined believer in the Old Testament will find nothing
in this book to startle him, while, at the same time, the book is fully cogni-
zant of the altered views regarding the ancient Scriptures. The tone is rever-
ent throughout, and no one who reads attentively can fail to derive fresh light
and benefit from the exposition here given." — The Canadian Clmrchtnan.

" Dr. Davidson was so keen a student, and yet so reverent as to his Bible,
that anything from his pen must be of profit. The book gives evidence that
his eyes were wide open to all modern research, but yet he was not led astray
by any of the vagaries of the schools. Through all the treatment of the
theme he remains conservative, while seeking to know the truth." — £xawtner.

" No one can fail to gain immense profit from its careful study. We rejoice
that such a work is added to the store of helpful literature on the Old Testa-
ment, and we express the hope that it may find wide reading among ministers
and teachers of the Bible." — VVie Standard.

" In its treatment of Old Testament theology, there is nothing to equal it
in the English language, and nothing to surpass it in any language. While it
is prepared for scholars it will prove an education in the Old Testament to the
intelligent laymen or Sunday-school teachers who will give it a faithful read-
ing. The style is so clear that it cannot help but prove interesting. We com-
mend this book with a special prayer, believing that it will make the Old
Testament a richer book; and make the foundation upon which the teachings
of the New Testament stand more secure to every one who reads it."

— The Heidelberg Teachet,



ZU Jnterncittottaf t^eofo^tcaf £i6rarg.

A HISTORY OF

CHRISTIANITY IN THE APOSTOLIC AGE

BY

ARTHUR CUSHMAN McQIFFERT, Ph.D., D.D.

Woihbum Professor of Church History in the Union Theological Seminary, N«w Yerk>.



Online LibraryW. (William) SandayA critical and exegetical commentary on the Epistle to the Romans → online text (page 70 of 71)