Walter Clark.

Histories of the several regiments and battalions from North Carolina, in the great war 1861-'65 online

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sufferings for three years of hard service Soon none will
remain, but its glory is as fadeless as is that of "Lee's Army,"
whose fortunes and misfortunes it shared to the end.

(Compiled mainly from memory.)

Company A — R. M. ISTorment, Captain, promoted, succeed-
ed by Lieutenant H. R. McKinney, a New Yorker by birth,
but a staunch believer in States Rights, who served faithfully
to the end, wounded several times. The regiment had no more
capable or efficient officer. First Lieutenant Frank M. Wish-
art, for many months, was commander of the regimental skir-
mish line. (The writer, during the latter months of the war,
was intimately associated with Lieutenant Wishart, then
Captain of Company B, and testifies to his absolute indiffer-
ence to danger and his total ignorance of fear, laughing and
joking under fire as in camp, always wanting to "get at 'em.")
He survived the war only to be treacherously murdered by
Henry Berry Lowry. Upon the promotion of Lieut. Wishart
to Captaincy of Company B, his brother, Wellington Wish-
art, became First Lieutenant. He is remembered as the
most silent man in the regiment, and as brave as he was silent.
Sergeant J. H. Freeman was promoted to be Second Lieuten-
ant and John Hammond from Ensign.

Company B — Captain W. L. Saunders having been ad-
vanced to a Majority, Lieutenant N. N. Fleming became
Captain and served as such until his death on the field at the
Wilderness, when Lieutenant Frank M. Wishart, of Com-
pany A, was elected Captain, serving in that capacity until
the close. Second Lieutenant George Horah, having been
advanced to First Lieutenancy, was instantly killed at the
Wilderness. Sergeant W. B. Lowrance was promoted to
Second Lieutenant and was transferred to another regiment.
James T. Pearson and John J. Stewart were also promoted
to Lieutenant. Quartermaster-Sergeant J. M. Waddijl was

Forty-Sixth Regiment. 81

promoted to be Second Lieutenant, serving as such until sent
on detached service under Lieutenant-Colonel A'. C. McAlis-

Company C — Upon the promotion of Captain W. A. Jen-
kins, Lieutenant Stephen W. Jones became Captain, serving
gallantly in that capacity until the close. Lieutenants, W.
A. J. Nicholson, Samuel M. Southerland, Leon S. Mabry,
Thomas E. Price and Thomas G-. Jenkins. The latter two
were several times wounded in discharge of duty.

Company D — Captain Colin Stewart was with his com-
pany in the one capacity from the organization to the final
ending, and (I think) never received a wound. Daniel Stew-
art and S. M. Thomas were successively First Lieutenant,
and Hugh Middleton, Malloy Patterson, John A. McPhail
and John W. Roper were Second Lieutenants.

Company E — Captain R. J. Mitchell having been pro-
moted to Major, Lieutenant E. L. Heflin became Captain,
and lat^' resigned, being succeeded by Lieutenant Jesse F.
Heflin, who served as Captain until the close — a steady,
brave, capable officer, ever at his post, in camp or field. James
Meadows, First Lieutenant, resigned and was succeeded by
Second Lieutenant J. J. Walker. James Wheeler, John C.
Russell and Henry C. Latta became Second Lieutenants.

Company F — Captain A. C. McAlister, promoted to Ma-
jor, Lieutenant Thomas A. Branson was advanced to Cap-
taincy, losing his life on the field at Da\is' Farm, near Peters-
burg, 1864, when Sergeant M. M. Teague, a gallant young
fellow, was promoted Captain. His Lieutenants were J. A.
Spencer and R. D. McCotter. James A. Marsh, originally
First Lieutenant, was made A. Q. M. 17 April, 1862. Sam-
uel P. Weir, killed at Fredericksburg, was Second Lieutenant
in this company.

Company G — Upon the resignation of Captain R. P. Troy,
Lieutenant O. W. Carr was advanced to Captain, and re-
mained in command until the close — always at the post of
duty, alike in the service of his country or his God. Ransom
H. Steen, First Lieutenant, was succeeded by R. S. Small,
and T. S. Troy, who fell at the Wilderness and was suc-
ceeded a^ Second Lieutenant by-.J. W. Brock, killed at Hatch-

82 North Carolina Troops, 1861-65.

er's Eun 5 February, 1865, and Robert W. Stinson also killed
at Petersburg.

Company H — The promotion of Captain JST. McK. Mc-
ISTeill to Major, led to the advance of Lieutenant George Wil-
cox to a Captaincy, serving until the close. Charles C. Gold-
ston. First Lieutenant, having resigned, J. A. Blue suc-
ceeded him and fell at the Wilderness, being succeeded by
Lieutenant N. A. McNeill, vi^ho also shared the fortunes of
the company to the end. John N. McNeill became Second
Lieutenant 3 September, 1863.

Company I — Captain Owen Holmes commanded the com-
pany from beginning to the end — ^was in nearly every en-
gagement, with never a wound, if memory is not at fault.
First Lieutenant 0. P. White has (I think) the same unusual
record. John C. Wright, Second Lieutenant, was succeeded
by Thomas Owens. John D. Herring, Minson McLamb and
Isaiah Herring were also Second Lieutenants.

Company K — Captain A. T. Post (if memory bg not at
fault) fell at Peams Station, and was succeeded by his
brother, R. A. Post, who, as Captain, receiving a severe face
wound, was disabled thereby. No steadier men ever faced a
firing line than these twO'. First Lieutenant A. Routh was
mortally wounded while charging a battery at Spottsylvania
10 May, 1864. Second Lieutenant M. N. Smyer was mor-
tally wounded at Reams Station 25 August, 1864. Lieuten-
ants J. M. Hoover and Sidney Shuford were then in com-
mand until the close.

In commenting on certain names here mentioned, it will be
borne in mind that by reason of longer acquaintance or closer
intimacy, the writer knew more of certain ones than of oth-
ers. Some company officers were appointed but a short time
before the writer was called away from the regiment, and
whom he knew only by name.

No invidious discrimination is intended, for it is distinctly
remembered that no officer of the Forty-sixth was ever
charged with doing less than his full duty.

J. M. Waddill.

Ghebnville. S C. ,

9 April, 1901.


1. Sion H. Rogers, Colonel. 4. J. J. Thomas, Captain and A. Q. M.

8. W. C. Lankford, Lieut. -Colonel. 6. John H. Thorp, Captain, Co. A.

3. Campbell T. Iredell, Captain, Co. C. 6 Geo. W. Westray, 1st Lieut., Co. A.


By JOHN H. THORP, Captain Company A.

In March, 1862, amid the rush to arms of ISTorth Carolina
volunteers, the 1,200 men who made the aggregate of its ten
companies, organized the Forty-seventh ISTorth Carolina Reg-

As the companies were coming together, ISTew Bern was
taken by the Federal General, Bumside, and those that had
a,rrived at Raleigh were sent, without guns, below Kinston
under Major Sion H. Rogers, to assist in staying the Federal
advance. These remained there a week or two, when they re-
turned to Raleigh, and with the other companies, now ar-
rived, completed their organization with Sion H. Rogers,
Colonel ; George H. Faribault, Lieutenant-Colonel, and John
A. Graves, Major.

On 5 January, 1863, Rogers resigned to become Attorney-
General of the State, when Faribault became Colonel, Graves
Lieutenant-Colonel, and Archibald D. Crudup, Captain of
Company B, became Major. Graves was wounded and cap-
tured at Gettysburg 3 July, 1863, from which he died; Cru-
dup became Lieutenanl^Colonel March, 1864, and William
C. Lankford, Captain of Company F, Major at the same
time. Faribault and Crudup were wounded and the first re-
signed January, 1865, and the latter in August, 1864, where-
upon Lankford became Lieutenant-Colonel and continued the
only field officer. Hence, mainly by casualties in battle, the
regiment was scant of field officers during very much of its
severest trials, and frequently was without one. On such oc-
casions it was led through hard-fought battles by a Captain,
and some times by a Lieutenant W. S. Lacy was Chaplain ;
R. A. Patterson, first, and after him Franklin J. White, were
Surgeons; J. B. Winstead and Josiah C. Fowler, Assistant
Surgeons, of the regiment. Thomas C. Powell was Adju-

84 North Carolina Troops, 1861-65.

OoMPAK^Y A — Nash County — It was first commanded by
Captain John W. Bryan, who died in June, 1862, when Lieu-
tenant John H. Thorp became Captain and commanded to the
end of the war. The Lieutenants of Company A were:
George W. Westray, who was killed at Cold Harbor ; Wilson
Baily, who died ; Sidney H. Bridgers, killed at Bristoe Sta-
tion; B. H. Bunn (since member of United States Congress)
and Thomas Westray.

Company B — Franklin County — After Crudup, its first
Captain, was promoted, Joseph J. Harris was made Captain ;
was wounded, captured and remained a prisoner. Its Lieu-
tenants were Harvey D. Griffin, who died ; Sherrod J. Evans,
Hiigh H. Perry and William B. Chamblee.

Company C — Wake County — The first Captain of Com-
pany C was Edward Hall, who died 1 September, 1862, when
Cameron T. Iredell became Captain, was killed 3 July, 1863,
and George M. Whiting became Captain, taken prisoner at
Gettysburg and died after the war of disease contracted in
prison. The Lieutenants of this company were Nathaniel L,
Brown, David M. Whitaker, Marmaduke W. Norfleet and A.
H. Harris.

Company D — Nash County — John A. Harrison was first
Captain of Company D, resigned in November, 1862, and
Lieutenant Gieo. N. Lewis became Captain, was elected to
the State Legislature in August, 1864, when Richard F,
Drake became Captain. Its Lieutenants were Benjamin F.
Drake, resigned ; William H. Blount and John Q. Winbome.

Company E — WaJce County — John H. Norwood was the
first and only Captain of Company E. Its Lieutenants
were Erastus H. Ray, Benj. W. Justice, promoted A. C. S.
of the regiment; Leonidas W. Robertson and William A.

Company F — Franklin County — ^W. C. Lankford was the
first Captain of this company, and when he was promoted,
Julius S. Joyner became Captain. Its Lieutenants were
J. J. Thomas, promoted A. Q. M. of the regiment ; Sylvanus
P. Gill, W. D. Harris (resigned) and H. R. Crichton.

Company G — Franklin and Granville Counties — Joseph
J. Davis was the first Captain of Company G, and was
wounded, captured and a prisoner 3 July, 1863, and remain-

Forty-Seventh Regiment. 85

ing a prisoner, no other could succeed to the Captaincy. Its
Lieutenants were P. P. Peace, Kichard F. Yarborough, pro-
moted to Colonelcy of another regiment; W. H. Pleasants,
George D. Tunstall and George Williamson. Captain Davis
was afterwards member of United States Congress and Jus-
tice of our Supreme Court.

CoMi'AH'Y H — Wahe County — Charles T. Haughton, first
Captain of Company H, died in June, 1863, when Lieuten-
ant Sydney W. Mitchell became Captain and was, to the
close of the war. Its Lieutenants were T. L. Lassiter, Syd-
ney A. Hinton, J. D. Newsom and John T. Womble.

Company I — Wake County — I. W. Brown was the first
Captain of Company I, and killed at Reams Station. Its
Lieutenants were Charles C. Lovejoy, transferred to another
regiment; William Henry Harrison, J. Wiley Jones and J.
Rowan Rogers, a brother of the first Colonel of the regi-

CoiMPANY 'K— -Alamance County — Robert H. Faucette
was the first and only Captain of Company K, and as Senior
Captain commanding the regiment, signed the paroles of the
commanders of companies on 9 April, 1865. Its Lieuten-
ants were James H. Watson, Thomas Taylor, Jacob Boon
and Felix L. Poteat.

After a short stay at Camp Mangum, in Raleigh, during
which time it was drilled incessantly, the regiment was
camped between l^ew Bern and Kinston, where several weeks
were spent in guarding our outposts, marching to near-by
points where attacks were threatened, but never escaping to
be drilled daily, and taught the duties of a soldier by the
never-tiring General, J. G. Martin. It was here the men
went through the sick period consequent upon the change
from civil to military life ; through measles and mumps and
malarial fevers, from which quite a number died. Very few
escaped sickness in passing through to the toughened condi-

At this time the predominant desire was to go to the scenes
being enacted around Richmond, where General Lee and his
illustrious co-generals were entering on that career which as

86 North Carolina Troops, 1861-65.

leaders of the Army of ]Srortheni Virginia, made them so
famous. But the boon is not yet granted us. In July we go
to Drewry's Bluff, at this time a position that must be held,
and General Martin goes with us, and carrying us into a hot
field, in view of delightful shade, continues his incessant
drilling from morning till night. After a stay of three weeks
the regiment is appropriately made provost guard of Peters-
burg. So thoToughly trained itself, it efficiently executed the
delicate duties of guard in this important city, then a mili-
tary center. During its stay the strongest of friendship was
formed between civilian and soldier. Not a single unpleas-
ant incident is recalled.

Early in ISTovember, to meet a threatened attack, we were
taken to Weldon, where we took our first snow storm in camp
without covering except such as the men hastily made with
bark and boughs and dirt.

The regiment had returned to Petersburg when, on 14
December, it was rushed by rail to Kinston to resist the Fed-
eral General Foster in his attack on that town. We arrived
late in the evening just as the Confederate General, Evans')
Brigade was retreating across the bridge over the Weuse. In
a jiffy we were unloaded from the cars, which were run otf
immediately, ordered to pile our knapsacks, overcoats and
blankets, which we never heard of afterwards, and double^
quicked to the rescue. As Colonel Rogers formed us in line of
battle, General Evans learning of our arrival, ordered us to
the north of the town to cover the retreat of his brigade which
had been overpowered, and showing our full regimental front
received General Foster's messenger, who bore his demand to
surrender, and replied : "Tell General Foster I will fight him

Foster did not come, but night soon did, and we had again
escaped a battle. At nightfall General Evans collected his
scattered brigade and retreated to Falling Creek. The next
day Company A, of the Forty-seventh, reconnoitered two
miles toward Kinston without finding the enemy, and aftet
night A and K went to Kinston to learn that Foster had ad-
vanced up the south bank of the ISTeuse. He attempted to
cross at White Hall, but was driven back and continued his

Forty-Seventh Regiment. 87

marcli toward Goldsboro, to which the Forty-seventh was
marched on the following day. On our arrival at Goldsboro
we were marched across the county bridge and formed line of
battle, in which we remained all this cold December night,
to find at light that Foster had retreated and was now far

A few days afterwards the regiment is on Blackwater un-
der General Roger A. Prior, protecting Eastern Virginia.
Now for rigid marching. Every day marching thirty miles.
All foot logs and small bridges are cut away ahead of us that
the men may lose no time in breaking from column of four,
and we must take the mud and water in the roads through
this boggy section. And so, as we had been perfected in the
drill and tactics by Martin, we were now Romanised by
Prior. Frequently during this time a battle was immo-
nent, but one did not occur. It was skirmishing, retrealr
ing, advancing on another distant point, over a large extent
of territory to keep the enemy pushed within his limited


Thus intired to the vicissitudes of war, except actual
battle, the Forty-seventh was, early in 1863, brigaded with
the Eleventh, Twenty-sixth, Forty-fotirth and Fifty-second,
under that splendid General, J. Johnston Pettigrew, and re-
turned to Eastern JSTorth Carolina. The points of Rocky
Moimt, Magnolia and Goldsboro, as they were threatened,
were quickly covered, and thence we were marched in D. H.
Hill's army to the vicinity of ISTew Bern, which town Hill
threatened. Here about the middle of March, 1863, after a
forced march of several days in bleak winter, Pettigrew, in
the early dawn, drove in the enemy's pickets and passed one
of his block houses, which protected New Bern, but by failure
of other troops to co-operate time was lost and the enemy got
one of his gunboats in action, with which our brigade was
terribly shelled. Pettigrew being unable to reply with can-
non, or to cross the water with his infantry, withdrew his bri-
gade in regiments by echelon in such masterly manner, the
men exhibiting the utmost coolness, that not a man was lost,

88 North Carolina Troops, 1861-65.

though the retreat was a long way over an open, level field.
Soon after this we went to Greenville and thence to Wash-
ington, crossing the Tar in canoes in high water, when the
regiment threatened the town and waked up the enemy's
gunboats again ; we lost one man killed and several wounded.

But the main object, on the part of the Confederate au-
thorities, of these operations in Eastern North Carolina, to-
wit : to gather in the supplies of this rich section, having been
accomplished and General Lee making preparations for his
second invasion, Pettigrew's Brigade, early in May, 1863,
became a part of Heth's Division in A. P. Hill's Corps.

Thus after more than a year, perhaps well occupied, both
in doing arduous, but less conspicuous service as in be-
coming thoroughly efficient for the sterner activities of ac-
tual battle, the Forty-seventh Kegiment is at length, and
henceforth to the end, will be with the Army of JSTorthem
Virginia. It was well it had a thorough training, for soon
it was to go through fiery trials, its ranks to be torn by shot
and shell, to be depleted of its officers, leaving it to be led in
great emergencies by a Captain, and the companies some
times by a private. Whenever and wherever tried it was
equal to the emergency. It responded with promptness to
the command "Charge !" to the very end.

It was early in May, 1863, when we arrived at Hanover
Junction, thence we marched to Fredericksburg, thence to
Culpepper Court House, across the Blue Ridge mountains,
through Winchester, and crossed the Potomac at Shepherds-
town. On the north bank of the Potomac the disciplinarian,
Pettigrew, delivered his strict commands against interfering
with private rights and property, and right well were these
commands obeyed. As we passed through Hagerstown, the
eyes of our men were dazed by tlie fullness of an opulent city,
but no one dared to loot it. On 29 June we camped near
Cashtown, and on the 30th were marching rapidly into Get-
tysburg with the avowed object of shoeing our barefooted
men. Already the non-combatants had gotten (as they
always do when danger is far off) to the front, and we were
almost at oi^r destination when a person in citizen's dress,
on a farm horse, rode leisurely from the adjacent woods up

Forty-Seventh Regiment. 89

to the fence, on the other side of which we were moving, in-
quired for onr commander, and paced up to the head of our
column. On his arrival there the command "Halt!" rang
down our line. Was this a spy ? "About face — quick time,
march!" and back we went; but not without several shots at
long range being fired at us from both sides of the road. So
we escaped the ambuscade that had been set for us.


Early on 1 July the Forty-seventh was in the line which
opened the battle of Gettysburg. It is remembered that
Company A had eighty-two trigger pullers, each with forty
rounds of ammunition, and the other companies were per-
haps as large. The morale of the men was splendid, and
when it advanced to its first grand charge it was with the
feelings of conquerors. We were met by a furious storm of
shells and canister and further on by the more destructive
rifles of the two army corps confronting us. One shell struck
the right company, killing three men, and exploding in the
line of file closers, by the concussion, felled to the earth every
one of them. The other companies were faring no better.
Still our line, without a murmur, advanced, delivering its
steady fire amid the rebel yells, and closed with the first line
of the enemy. After a desperate struggle this yielded and
the second line was met aad quickly broken to pieces. The
day was a hot one, and the men had difiiculty in ramming
down their cartridges, so slick was the iron ram-rod in
hands thoroughly wet with perspiration. All expedients were
resorted to, but mainly jabbing the ram-rods against the
ground and rocks. This, with the usual causes, undressed
our advancing line; still all were yelling and pressing for-
ward through the growing wheat breast high, toward a body
of the enemy in sight, but beyond the range of our guns,
when suddenly a third line of the enemy arose forty yards in
front, as if by magic, and leveled their shining line of gun-
barrels on the wheat heads. Though taken by surprise the
roar of our guns sounded along our whole line. We had
caught the drop on them. Redoubled our yells and a rush,
and the work is done. The earth just seemed to opeu

90 North Carolina Troops, 1861-'65.

and take in that line which five minutes ago was so perfect.

Just then a Federal officer came in view and rode rapidly
forward bearing a large Federal iiag. The scattered Fed-
erals swarmed around him as bees cover their queen. In the
midst of a heterogeneous mass of men, acres big, he approach-
ed our left, when all guns in front and from right and left
turned on the mass and seemingly shot the whole tO' pieces.
This hero was a Colonel Biddle, who (if he were otherwise
competent) deserved to command a corps. It was with gen-
uine and openly expressed pleasure our men heard he was not
killed. The day is not ended, but the fighting in our front is
over, and the Forty-seventh dressed its line and what re-
mained of it marching to the place whence it started on the
charge, bivouacked for the night, intoxicated with victory.
Many were the incidents narrated on that beautiful, moon-
light night.

On the 2d we were not engaged save in witnessing the mar-
shaling of hosts, with much fighting during the day, and at
night a grand pyrotechnic display, this being the struggle on
the slope of Little Round Top for the possession of the hill.

On 3 July the Forty-seventh was put in the front line pre-
paring to make that celebrated, but imprudent charge, famil-
iarly called Pickett's charge, though just why called Pickett's
instead of Pettigrew's charge, is not warranted by the facts.
And why it has been said that Pettigrew supported Pickett
instead of Pickett supported Pettigrew, is also incompre-
hensible. It is certain that the two divisions (Pettigrew led
Ileth's Division to-day) started at the same time, in the same
line. Pickett's distance to traverse was shorter than that of
Pettigrew. Both went to and over the enemy's breastworks,
but were too weak from loss of numbers to hold them. Pick-
ett's Division was perfectly fresh. Pettigrew's had just
passed through 1 July in which even its commander (Heth)
had been knocked out.

If further witness be sought, the respective numbers of
dead men in the correctly recorded spots where they fell, sup-
ply it. But let it be distinctly understood Pettigrew's men
appreciate that it was not the brave Pickett and his men who
claimed for themselves pre-eminence in this bloody affair.


1. J. D. Newsom, Sd Lieut., Co. I.

2. J. Wilie Jones, 2d Lieut., Co. I.

3. J. Rowan Rof^ers, 3d Lieut., Co. I.

4. Thomas Westray, 2d Lieut., Co A.

5. B. H. Buiin, 2d Lieut., Co. A.

6. George B. Moore, Sergeant, Co. C.

7. Luke E. Estes, Private, Co E.

8. John Wesley Bradford, Private, Co, G.

(Picture in Supplementary Group,
4th volume.)

Forty-Seventh Regiment. 91

They remember, vividly remember, how Pickett chafed while
waiting to make his spring, like an untamed lion for his
prey. Perhaps the assault was a Confederate mistake. So
good an authority as General Lee is quoted as saying this
much, but that the stakes for which he was playing was so
great (it being Harrisburg, Baltimore and Washington) he
just could not help it. Later a similar excuse was plead by
General Grant for the slaughter at Second Cold Harbor. The
late Captain Davis, "Honest Joe," who led Company B in
this charge, and who charged over the enemy's breastworks
and became a prioner, said the enemy was literally torn to
pieces. But, then our "hind sights are better than our fore-

Online LibraryWalter ClarkHistories of the several regiments and battalions from North Carolina, in the great war 1861-'65 → online text (page 8 of 64)