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Histories of the several regiments and battalions from North Carolina, in the great war 1861-'65 online

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from which he died the next day.

Colonel Bryan Grimes was then placed in command of the
brigade and was commissioned Brigadier-General 19 May,
1864. General Grimes was born in Pitt County, IST. C, 2
^November, 1828, and graduated at the University of North
'Carolina in 1848. Tie was elected to the State Convention,
known as the Secession Convention, in 1861, and resigned his
seat after the ordinance of secession was passed and offered
his services to Governor Ellis, who appointed him Major of
the Fourth Regiment, State Troops; afterwards he became
Colonel of this splendid Regiment, which position he held
when assigned to command of this brigade. The first fight
this brigade had after Colonel Grimes took command, was on
10 May, 1864, and he handled the brigade so well and the
brigade did such good service that General Rodes stated he
had saved Ewell's Corps and his commission as Brigadier-
General bears that date. About middle of June, 1864, this
brigade with balance of Early's Corps, were ordered to
L-smchburg, "\'"a., to meet the Federal General Hunter, M'hich
they did and soon drove him entirely out of Virginia, al-
though he had a much larger force than General Early. Then
the bxigade was turned towards Staunton and, after a forced
march down the Valley, capturing Harper's Ferry; crossed
the Potomac and threatened Washington City, D. C. Tins
brigade took part in almost all the fights and skirmishes that
Rodes' Division was in. In the campaign made by Early'i^
Corps at the battle of Winchester, our division commander.
General Rodes, was killed, one of the best officers of the Con-
federate army. In this fight this brigade bore the brunt of
the battle and General Grimes distinguished himself by his
great gallantry; three of his staff officers were severely



516 North Carolina Troops, 1861-'65.

wounded : Captain W. L. London, A. A. G. ; Lieutenant W.
S. Barnes, Aide, and Captain W. E. Stitt (who was acting on
his staff) and who was commander of sharpshooters. On 19
October, 1864, General Ramseur (one of North Carolina's
best officers), who commanded this division after Rodes'
death, was killed, and General Grimes was placed in com-
mand of the division and commissioned Maj or-General 15
February, 1865, and commanded this division until General
Lee surrendered.

Colonel D. G. Cowand, of the Thirty-second Regiment,
was then placed in command of the brigade, which he com-
manded until the surrender. Colonel Cowand enlisted in
May, 1861 ; was appointed Second Sergeant of his company
at the organization of the regiment; was made Major; after-'
wards became Colonel. He was a brave and good officer, and
was very much liked by his officers and men. This brigade
participated in all the fights and hard marches in Early's
Valley campaign and in the latter part of December, 1864,
was ordered to the vicinity of Petersburg, Va. This division
lost more men in the campaign of 1864 than they started that
year with. This brigade occupied a position in the trenches
in front of Petersburg during February and March, 1865 ;
participated in the battle of Hare's Hill 25 March,
1865, and suffered very severely. No one who has ever
tried the trenches, can imagine what this brigade went
through during that Spring, up to their knees in mud and
water ; not half enough to eat ; cold and wet ; very often fight-
ing ; until General Lee evacuated the trenches and fell back
towards Appomattox this brigade bringing up the rear most
of the time and checking the enemy whenever they advanced
too near. On the morning of Lee's surrender this brigade,
with others, was ordered to drive the enemy from our front,
which they gallantly did, capturing a battery and driving the
enemy before them when the sad news came to fall back, that
General Lee had surrendered and the gallant Tar Heels un-
der General W. R. Cox fired the last volley.

Captain W. M. Hammond, of Anson County, was ap-
pointed by General Daniel A. A. G. and Chief of Staff in
September, 1862, as soon as the brigade was organized, and a



The Daniel-Grimes Brigade. 517

splendid officer he made, attentive to duty and always to the
front when there was any fighting going on. He enlisted as
a private in the Fourteenth Kegiment and was promoted to
Lieutenant and then to Captain and A. A. G. He resigned
his position in the Fall of 1863. He is now a lawyer in
Georgia. Alter Captain Hammond resigned Captain W. L.
London, who had been acting as Assistant Inspector-General,
was commissioned as A. A. G. and assigned to this brigade.
W. Tj. London was born in Pittsboro, 'N. C, 1838, enlisted
in Chatham Rifles, the first company that volunteered from
his county; was elected Third Lieutenant, and when the
regiment was formed, he was promoted to First Lieutenant,
and at the reorganization of his company he was made Cap-
tain, his company having been transferred from the Fifteenth
Regiment to the Thirty-second Regiment. Captain London
was severely wounded at Malvern Hill in 1862; was again
wounded at Gettysburg, 1863, and again at Winchester 1864.
While at home wounded he married Miss Carrie Haughton
on 14 ISTovember, 1864. He returned to his command and
remained with the brigade until the surrender. Since the
war, he has been honored by his comrades and made com-
mander of the Second North Carolina Brigade, United Con-
federate Veterans.

Richard C. Badger was born at Raleigh 8 August, 1839 ;
graduated at University of ISTorth Carolina in 1859, studied
law under Judge Pearson and was licensed to practice law
in 1860 ; the same year he was elected County Attorney for
Wake County. In the Spring of 1861, he was very active in
getting up the Raleigh Rifles and was Sergeant of said com-
pany, which company became a part of the Fourteenth Reg-
iment. When General Daniel was promoted, he appointed
Sergeant Badger Major and Brigade Commissary, and he
made a good one, for if any of the brigades had anything to
eat. Badger had his share for his brigade. He resigned on
account of his father's health in the Winter of 1864, and
accepted a position given him by the Legislature. While
a soldier, he did his duty manfully in every position. He
died in Raleigh 22 April, 1882.

Major James Edmundson was appointed Assistant Quar-



518 North Carolina Troops, 1861-65.

termaster at the organization of the brigade and remained
with the brigade until 1864, when he resigned. He was a
fine officer and the Quartermaster Department was always
managed well, and General Daniel had less trouble with his
wagon train than most of our Generals. After Major Ed-
mundson resigned, Captain J. L. Frensley, Quartermaster of
the Thirty-second Eegiment, acted as Quartermaster until
Lee surrendered.

Lieutenant W. K. Bond was born August, 1839, in Hali-
fax County. He enlisted in the Second Eegiment "Volun-
teers, which became the Twelfth Regiment 20 May, 1861, as
a private. In February, 1862, he was promoted to Second
Lieutenant, Forty-third Eegiment, and as soon as General
Daniel took charge of the brigade he made Lieutenant W. E,
Bond his Aide-de-Camp, which position he held until he waa
severely wounded at Gettysburg, and captured on the retreat
with a part of the wagon train and carried to JSTorthern prison.
Lieutenant Bond was very popular with the brigade, as he
was always courteous and polite, as well as a very gallant sol-
dier. Since the war he has made a name for himself by his
history of the Pickett-Pettigrew charge at Gettysburg. After
his capture. General Daniel appointed Lieutenant E. E. Bal-
lard, of Company K, Thirty-second Eegiment, as his Aide,
Lieutenant Ballard was born in Franklin County, and en-
listed as a private 20 May, 1861. His company became a
part of the Fifteentli Eegiment and was afterwards trans-
ferred to the Thirty-second Eegiment. He was promoted in
May, 1862, to Lieutenant in his company at the reorganiza-
tion, and was known in the regiment for his bravery, so Gen-
eral Daniel appointed him to his staff, which position he held
with great honor until General Daniel was killed. Lieuten-
ant Ballard was very near General Daniel when he was shot
and remained with him until he died and carried his body
home. General Daniel's death ended Lieutenant Ballard's
duties as a staff officer and he returned to his company.

When General Grimes took charge of the brigade he ap-
pointed W. S. Barnes as his Aide. Barnes enlisted 20 June,
1861, as a private; was made Corporal in his company, F,
Fourth Eegiment; was afterwards Sergeant Major of that



The Daniel-Grimes Brigade. 519

Eegiraent. Tlis bravery attracted General Grimes' atten-
tion and lie made him his Aide. The Army of Northern
Virginia had not a better or braver soldier. Lieutenant
Barnes was severely wounded at Winchester, September 1863,
and at Hare's Hill in 1865, and did not return to the brigade
again, but has recovered since and is still one of l^orth Caro-
lina's best citizens.

Wharton J. Green was Lieutenant-Colonel of the Second
Battalion and captured at Roanoke Island. After his re-
turn he was without a command and did good service to Gen-
eral Daniel as Volunteer Aide. He was wounded at Fort
Hill, near Washington, IST. C, in the Spring of 1863, but
went with the brigade back to Virginia ; was severely wounded
during the first day's fight at Gettysburg, and was captured
on the retreat and sent to JSTorthern prison, where he re-
mained until the close of the war. Since the close of the war
he has represented his district in Congress.

The writer regrets that he does not know of other members
of staff who served as Ordnance Officer, Surgeon and others,
but he does not think that he ought to close without mention-
ing the two courier boys who served with the brigade a part of
General Daniel's and all of Geheral Grimes' term. Two
more deserving, brave couriers no brigade had during the
war, than Sher-wood Badger and Thomas P. Devereux, of
Raleigh, Isf. C. Both Avere mere boys, but were as cool and
brave in every danger as any soldier, and never hesitated in
carrying a message into the hottest fight, so miich so that the
writer had to speak to them several times about exposing
themselves so much.*

William L. London.

PiTTBBOHO, N. C,

1901.



•Captain London's delicacy has made him refrain from mentioning his
brother, Henry A. London who was also courier to General Grimes, and
as gallant a soldier as ever wore the gray. Since the war he has been a
leading lawyer and editor, and one of the most prominent men in the
State, and now represents Chatham County in the State Senate.— Ed.






JOHNSTON-TOON BRIGADE.

1. R. D. Johnston, Brigadier-General.

2. Thos. F. Toon, Brigadier-General.

3. Captain E. A. T. Nicholson, Inspector- General.



THE GAKLAfiD - IVER50/^ - J0H/^-
5T0N BRIGADE.



By first-lieutenant JAMES F. JOHNSTON, A. D. 0.



This brigade was organized in June, 1862, just before the
Seven Days Battles around Richmond, and was composed of
the Fifth, Twelfth, Thirteenth, Twentieth and Twenty-third
North Carolina Regiments, and Brigadier-General Samuel
Garland, of Virginia, was placed in command. The Staff
were:

Captain Wood^ of Virginia, A. A. G., and after Malvern
Hill, Captaijst D. P. Halsey, of Virginia.

LiTiUTENANT RoBERT Eakly, of Virginia, Aide.

Lieutenant Holi,iday, of Virginia, Ordnance Officer.

Majok W. M. Payne, of Virginia, Brigade Quartermas-
ter.

Major A. B. Gaet.and, of Arkansas, Brigade Commissary.

Ma.toe R. I. Ilicirs, of ITorth Carolina, Surgeon.

The brigade followed the fortimes of the Army of North-
ern Virginia in the first Maryland campaign, participating
in the battles of South Mountain, Sharpsburg and others.
At South Mountain 14 September, 1862, when its com-
mander, the gallant Gordon, fell, it met the charge of Reno's
Division and it was in its front General Reno was killed. The
compiler of the Federal records at Washington has informed
me that the Twenty-third Regiment of this brigade bayonet-
ted quite a number of Reno's Division before it was over-
whelmed and drawn back.

Upon the death of General Garland, the command of the
brio-ade devolved on Colonel D. K. McRae, of the Fifth North
Carolina Regiment, by seniority, and he was in command at

The author of this sketch sincfe Governor of Alabama was a most gal-
lant oflBcer.— Ed.



522 North Carolina Troops, 1861-65.

Sharpsburg, until both he and Colonel Iverson went to the
hospital on account of injuries. Then Lieutenant-Colonel
Johnston assumed command of the brigade and fought under
General Tige Anderson, of Georgia, until night. The next
night the army was withdrawn to the "Virginia side of the
river. Colonel Iverson, of the Twentieth Regiment, was pro-
moted to Brigadier-General and assumed command of the bri-
gade. There was no change in the staff. In October, 1862, the
Thirteenth Eegiment was transferred to Pender's Brigade.
The brigade was with General Stonewall Jackson 2 May,
1863, when he executed the flank movement turning the right
of General Hooker and securing a glorious victory for the
Confederates.

It was in the charge that captured the enemy's breastworks
on the bloody field of Chancellorsville and fought till dark-
ness came, side by side with Pender's Brigade. It was part
of the Army of ISTorthern Virginia in the second invasion of
Maryland and participated in all the engagements. At the
battle of Gettj'sburg on the first day, by some mischance, it
was thrown single-handed against a division of the enemy be-
hind a rock wall in a railroad cut where, without faltering, it
charged almost to the very wall. Its dead were so thick and
in so exact a line that one could have walked from one end
of the line to the other and never taken the foot off dead men.

Immediately after the battle of Gettysburg, Brigadier-
General Iverson was transferred to the Western Army and
Lieutenant-Colonel Robert D. Johnston, of the Twenty-third
ISTorth Carolina Regiment, was promoted to be Brigadier-
General 1 September, 1863.

During the winter following the brigade was stationed at
and near Hanover Junction to cover Richmond from cav-
alry raids, and successfully discharged that duty. It re-
joined the division to which it was then assigned, commanded
by General Early, at the Wilderness on 6 April, and with
Gordon's Brigade, assisted to drive in the right of the Fed-
eral army, capturing some 2,000 prisoners, including General
Lyman, of New York. At Spottsylvania Court House it re-
captured on 10 May, 1864, the lines from which Rodes' old
brigade had been driven. It was here that General Lee, who





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IVERSON-JOHNSTON BRrGADE.



1. A. M. Luiia, 2d Lt., Co. I, 23d Regt.

2. William Currin, Private, Co. I, 23d Rest.

3. J. Andrew Willborn, Private, Co. I, 23d Regt.

Killed at Gettysburc;.



4. William Addison Laws, Private, Co. E, 23d

Regt. Died of wounds received at
Gettysburg.

5. Jno. R. O'Briant, Private, Co. E, 23d Regt.



6. J. B. Jones, Private, Co. A, 1st Batt. Sharpshooters.



The Garland-Iverson-Johnston Brigade. 523

was in plain view, and within 100 yards of the enemy, saw
the charge of this brigade and complimented it highly. On
11 May General Lee wrote the Secretary of War compliment-
ing the "Twentieth North Carolina imder Colonel Toon,"
who had driven back the enemy who had found a temporary
lodgment in our works and captured the enemy's flag. The
Secretary of War sent the flag to Governor Vance, with a
copy of General Lee's letter, by Hon. Josiah Turner, then
member of Congress. The brigade recaptiired 12 May a part
of the line in the bloody angle that Ed. Johnson's Division
had been driven from, and its commander. General E. D.
Johnston was wounded as he sprang upon the contested
breastworks.

Colonel T. F. Toon, of the Twentieth Eegiment, was made
a temporary Brigadier-General 31 May, 1864, and com-
manded the brigade until General Johnston was able to return
in August following.

The brigade participated in all the engagements of that
year of the Army of Northern Virginia until sent first to
Lynchburg and then to the Valley of Virginia under General
Early. In the meantime Early had been made Lieutenant-
General and Ramseur was promoted to (temporary) Major-
General and assigned to the command of this division.

At Winchester 19 September, 1864, the battle in which the
lamented Rodes was killed, the brigade covered the retreat of
General Early, repeatedly repiilsing the assaults of Sheri-
dan's cavalry and preserving its organization and discipline,
though surrounded by demoralization. Halsey was suc-
ceeded as Adjutant-General of the brigade by E. A. T. Nich-
olson, who was a most capable and courageous officer; E.
Hayne Davis was Inspector-General and J. Forney Johnston
was A. D. C, and Captain J. S. Northington Brigade Quar-
termaster. A. M. Benton, of Duplin, and John A. Sher-
rill, of Catawba, were couriers. At Hare's Hill on 25
March, 1865, General Johnston was disabled, Captain Nich-
olson was killed, Davis lost his arm and Lieutenant Johnston,
who had been promoted to the Captaincy of Company A,
Twelfth North Carolina, was wounded. The First North



524 North Carolina Troops, 1861-'65.

Carolina Battalion became a part of the brigade in tbe win-
ter of 1863-'64, and rendered splendid service.

Upon the return from the Valley, the division was com-
manded by Pegram, and was placed in Anderson's Corps,
commanded by Major-General John B. Gordon. It was sta-
tioned to cover the right flank of Lee's army some eight or ten
miles southeast of Petersburg. In February the Federals at-
tempted to turn the flank and the battle of Hatcher's Kun was
fought. This brigade held three divisions of the enemy in
check, being deployed as skirmishers until Mahone's Divis-
ion could reach them, being distant several miles and, then it
renewed the assault with Mahone and drove the enemy from
the field. Major-General Pegram was killed here in the field.

The brigade surrendered at Appomattox. It was then
commanded by Colonel Jno. W. Lea, of the Fifth Regiment,
and was in the charge driving the enemy before them shortly
before the news of the surrender reached them. It numbers
at the su.rrender were reduced to 30 oflicers and 433 men. 95
Off. Bee. Union and Confed. Armies^ 1277.

Jas F. Johnston.
Birmingham, Ala.,

13 December, 1901.




HOKE-LEWIS BRIGADE.



1. W. K. Parrish, Capt.,'Co. B, 6th Regt. 4,

2. John S. Lockhart, 1st I,t., Co. B, 6th Regt. 5.

3. A. S. Cariington, Corporal, Co. B, 6th Regt. 6,

7. W. F. Stoner, Private,



Nathan Lunstord, Private, Co. B, 6th Regt.
James n. Tilley, Private, Co. B, 6th Regt.
A. H. Martin, Capt., Co. G, 64th Regt.
Co. A, 54th Regt.



THE HOI^E - GODVIfi - LEVIS
BRIQADE.



By major JAMES F. BEALL, Twenty-Fibst N. C. Troops.



Colonel Robert F. Hoke took charge of Trimble's Brigade
a short while before the battle of Fredericksburg (13 Decem-
ber, 1862). That brigade was composed of the following
Eegiments: Twenty-first Georgia, Twelfth Georgia, Twen-
ty-first North Carolina, Fifteenth Alabama.

The brigade was engaged in the battle of Fredericksburg
13 December, 1862, Colonel Hoke commanding. Just after
this fight he was promoted to Brigadier-General, and was as-
signed to a North Carolina brigade composed of the Sixth,
Twenty-first, Fifty-seventh and Fifty-fourth North Caro-
lina Eegiments and First North Carolina Battalion. The
First Battalion was transferred to General R. D. Johnston's
Brigade in 1864. This brigade was engaged in the battle of
Chancellorsville, General Hoke commanding, James Adams,
Acting Adjutant-General. General Hoke was severely
wounded in this battle. The command of the brigade then
devolved upon Colonel Isaac E. Avery, of the Sixth, who
commanded the brigade in the battles of Winchester, Martins-
burg and Charlestown, Va., and the battle of Gettysburg,
where this gallant officer was killed while leading a success-
ful charge on the enemy's works at Cemetery Hill.

The brigade was again engaged in the battles of Plymouth
20 April, 1864; New Bern same month; Drewry's Bluff and
Cold Harbor in summer of 1864. At Plymouth General Hoke
was promoted to Major-General. Again the brigade was en-
gaged at the battle of Lynchburg. After this Colonel A. C.
Godwin, of the Fifty-seventh, who had just returned from
prison, was put in command of the brigade and promoted to
Brigadier-General 5 August, 1864. He fell while gallantly
leading his men in the battle of Winchester 19 September.
A detachment took part in the battle of Monocacy 9 July,



526 North Carolina Troops, 1861-'65.

1864. July 12 the brigade was engaged in a severe skirmish
in front of Fort Stephens. On 4 October, 1864, the brigade
was engaged in a'battle near Strasburg, Va. ; also at Hatcher's
Kun 16 February, 1865. On 25 March, 1865, this brigade,
the advance of the assaulting column, successfully charged
the enemy's works at Hare's Hill and Petersburg. In the last
five of these battles the brigade was under the command of
General W. Gaston Lewis. The brigade continued under the
command of Brigadier-General Lewis in the retreat from Pe-
tersburg, and until the battle of High Bridge, near Farm-
ville, Va., where he fell severely wounded. The brigade was
in command of Captain Jno. Beard, of the Fifty-seventh
JSTorth Carolina Regiment, at the surrender at Appomattox,
and then numbered 26 officers and 431 men. 95 Off. Bee.
Union and Confed. Armies^ 1277.

The Adjutant-Generals were successively Captain James
Adams and Drury Lacy, Jr. ; Brigade Quartermaster, Major
John Hughes; Brigade Commissary, Major James Lyon;
Inspector of Brigade. Lieutenant John Justice lost a leg;
Captain Huffman, killed.

The writer deems it unnecessary to give even a limited
sketch of the military record of the Generals of the brigade.
General Hoke held, in a pre-eminent degree, the confidence of
his men, being trusted and idolized by them, and they knew
that he trusted them. His appearance in battle always in-
spired the greatest confidence and enthusiasm.

General Godwin -svas a brave and accomplished officer —
a leader of men. His military career, cut short by his un-
timely death, was limited but brilliant.

General Lewis was an exceptionally good officer — an hon-
orable man, and skillful officer, he classed among the bravest
of the brave, and held to the last the confidence of his men.

This brigade was especially fortunate in its commanding
officers, never being placed in a false alignment, or sacrificed
in battle (as many others were) by rash and incompetent
officers.

James F. Bball.

LiNWOOD, N. C,

19 October, 1901.




MAETIN-KIRKLAND BRIGADE.

1. James G. Martin, Brigadier-General, also Adjutant-General of North Carolina.

2. Charles G. Elliott, Captain and A. A. G.

3. John S. Dancy, Captain and A. Q. M., 17th Eegiment, Acting Brigade Q. M.

4. L. D. Starke, Captain and Acting Inspector-General.



THE MARTIN-KIRKLA/^D BRIGADE.



By captain CHARLES G. ELLIOTT,* A. A. G.



In tlie fall of 1863, Brigadier-General James G. Martin,
commanding the District of ISTonh Carolina, with headquar-
ters at Kinston, was by the Secretary of War directed tr. or-
ganize a brigade from the troops in his district and assume
the command for service in the field. This was composed of
the Seventeenth J^orth Carolina Troops, Colonel "William F.
Martin; the Forty-second Jforth Carolina Troops, Colonel
John E. Brown; the Fiftieth ^North Carolina Troops, Colo-
nel George Wortham, and Sixty-sixth JSTorth Carolina Troops,
Colonel A. Duncan Moore.

The brigade staff consisted of Captain Charles G. Elliott,
Assistant Adjutant-General ; Major A. Gordon, Quartermas-
t/cr, succeeded by Captain John S. Dancy, Assistant Quarter-
master; Major James DeMille, Commissary, succeeded by
Captain T-ucien D. Starke, Assistant Commissary; Lieuten-
ant Theodore Hassell, Ordnance Officer ; Lieutenant William
B. Shepard, Jr., Aide-de-Camp ; Surgeon, Dr. Virginius Har-
rison.

EASTERN JSrOETH. CAEOLINA.

Soon afterwards ordered to Wilmington in the department
commanded by Major-General W. H. C. Whiting, the bri-



*SiDce this admirable sketch of his brigade was written Capi. Elliot has
died at Healing Springs, Va., 14 August, 190L He was born at Elizabeth
City 18 March, 1840. At the outbreak of the war he at once joined the
army. Captured at Roanoke Island, on being exchanged he was appoint-
ed Adjutant-General of Martin's brigade which post he filled under suc-
cessive commanders till the close of the war, conspicuous in all its battles
and never absent from duty a single day from sickness or any other cause.



Online LibraryWalter ClarkHistories of the several regiments and battalions from North Carolina, in the great war 1861-'65 → online text (page 43 of 63)