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personal liberty, that material prosperity, that God-fear-
ing love of truth which has always characterized them."

The President was escorted to the Wells River Rail-
road station, where he boarded his special train. He
spoke briefly at Plainfield, Wells River, Mclndoe Falls
and Barnet. The next stop, and the last of the day, was
at St. Johnsbury. This was the first time a President
of the United States had visited this enterprising village
and a great crowd had assembled to greet the Chief
Magistrate. The decorations were beautiful and elab-
orate. The President was escorted to Underclyffe, the
home of Col. Franklin Fairbanks, where he was enter-
tained that night. In the evening he addressed fifteen
thousand people from the front balcony of the Athe-
naeum and later held a reception in that building. In
his speech the President said: "You have here manu-



SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR PERIOD 209

facturing establishments whose fame and products have
spread throughout the world. You have here public
spirited citizens who have established institutions that
will be ministering to the good of generations to come.
You have here an intelligent and educated class of
skilled workmen."

On the morning of August 27 the President resumed
his trip, speaking briefly at Bradford. At White River
Junction he attended a meeting of the Vermont Asso-
ciation of Road and Trotting Horses Breeders. In a
speech to this gathering the President said, in part : "I
understand it was so arranged that after I had seen the
flower of the manhood and womanhood of Vermont, I
should be given an exhibition of the next grade in intelli-
gence and worth in the State, your good horses. I have
had recently, through the intervention of my Secretary
of War, the privilege of coming into possession of a pair
of Vermont horses. They are all I could wish for, and
as I said the other day at the little village from which
they came, they are of good Morgan stock, of which
someone has said that their greatest characteristic was
that they enter into consultation with the driver when-
ever there is any difficulty." The President then pro-
ceeded to Windsor, where he was the guest of Senator
William M. Evarts, at his summer home.

Rutland was visited on Friday, August 28. The
President was driven about the streets, the buildings
being handsomely decorated. He addressed a large
assemblage from a stand in front of Memorial Hall, his
speech dealing largely with the Civil War, its results, and
Vermont's part in the struggle. He was then driven to



210 HISTORY OF VERMONT

Secretary Proctor's home, where he dined with the
family. A procession of workmen from the marble
shops, and an illuminated evergreen arch, were features
of this visit. Speaking to the citizens of Proctor the
President said: "I shall carry this community in my
thoughts as one of the best of American life. I have
found him (Secretary Proctor), a most valuable con-
tribution to the administration of the Government. You
cannot know fully how he has grown into the respect
and confidence of all who have been associated with him
in the Cabinet, and of all our legislators in Congress
without distinction of party. I regret that there is some
danger that you may reclaim him for Vermont. Yet
it is quite natural that it should be so, and I shall do
the best I can to find a substitute." The Proctor visit
was the end of the President's Vermont trip, the most
extensive ever made by a President through this State.
When Redfield Proctor went to Washington as Secre-
tary of War, he was accompanied by Frank C. Partridge,
who became his private secretary. Mr. Partridge was
a native of East Middlebury, who was born May 7, 1861,
was a graduate of Amherst College in the class of 1882.
He studied law and was admitted to the bar, being a
classmate of Charles E. Hughes in the Columbia Law
School. When Secretary Blaine's son. Walker, died in
1890, Mr. Partridge was appointed as his successor as
Solicitor of the Department of State. This appointment
was made at the request of Secretary of State Blaine.
He served under Mr. Blaine, and under his successor,
Hon. John W. Foster, at that time being the only law
officer of the department. Toward the end of the Harri-



LEVI K. FULLER

Born in Westmoreland, N. H., February 24, 1841. In
i860 he entered the employment of the Estey Organ Works
at Brattleboro and later became a partner and vice-president
of the company. One of his greatest achievements was in
securing an international pitch for musical instruments.
He organized the Fuller Light Battery and was its com-
mander. He served in the State Senate in 1880, and was
elected Lieutenant Governor in 1886 and Governor in 1892.
He died October 10, 1896.




c^>Ci^^2^ /} ^ yu^^^t^




SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR PERIOD 211

son administration he was appointed United States Min-
ister to Venezuela, and held office a year under the second
Cleveland administration, until Hon. Andrew D. White,
Minister to Russia, and Mr. Partridge were the only
Ministers appointed by President Harrison holding
office. Secretary of State Gresham assured Mr. Part-
ridge that the President would be glad to have him con-
tinue in office, but he decided to resign. He was
appointed by Secretary of State Olney in 1896 to rewrite
the consular regulations for the State Department.

In 1897 President-elect McKinley offered Mr. Part-
ridge one of the Assistant Secretaryships in the Depart-
ment of State. He became seriously ill in February and
the place was held open for him until April, when he
notified the President that his health would not permit
him to accept the position. That summer President
McKinley offered to appoint him a special commissioner
to investigate conditions in Cuba, but he was obliged to
decline on account of ill health. In the fall of 1907 he
did accept an appointment as Consul General at the port
of Tangier, Morocco, being directly accredited to the
Sultan as a diplomatic officer. He remained at this post
until the conclusion of the War with Spain.

Upon his return to Vermont in 1898, he was elected
one of the Senators from Rutland county. In 1903
President Roosevelt appointed Mr. Partridge an umpire
to settle the claims of Great Britain and the Netherlands
against Venezuela, an honor which he felt compelled
to decline. He succeeded Ex-Governor Proctor as presi-
dent of the Vermont Marble Company. He served as
chairman of the commission to propose amendments to



212 HISTORY OF VERMONT

the Vermont Constitution in 1909, and as a member of
the executive council of the American Society of Inter-
national Law. He is (1921) a director of the National
Life Insurance Company, president of the Clarendon &
Pittsford Railroad Company and of the Proctor Trust
Company, and is a trustee of Middlebury College.

Wearied with twenty-five years of hard work Senator
George F. Edmunds resigned his seat in the Vermont
Senate in the spring of 1891, the resignation to take
effect in November of that year, which completed
twenty-five years of continuous service. He had been
returned term after term, practically without opposi-
tion, and there is no reason to suppose that he could
not have retained his seat as long as he desired. Had
he remained in the Senate until his age was as great as
that of his colleague, Senator Morrill, he might have
completed fifty years of continuous service in that body.
Commenting on his retirement from public life. Harper's
Weekly said: "The retirement of a Senator of such
integrity, grasp, experience, and simplicity of taste and
character impoverishes public life. * * * Were all
his colleagues whom he salutes in farewell of the same
quality with himself, the Senate would still deserve
Chatham's eulogy of the Continental Congress."

Within reasonable limits one cannot tell all the im-
portant legislation with which Senator Edmunds was
identified during this period, because it would include
practically a history of the proceedings of the Senate for
a quarter of a century.

It is now known that the fundamental sections of the
Anti-trust law, which bears Senator Sherman's name,



SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR PERIOD 213

were written by Senator Edmunds. That portion of the
Senate report upon the Clayton-Bulwer treaty relating
to the isthmian canal, so far as it concerned negotiations
with Great Britain, was prepared by Senator Edmunds.

After his retirement from the Senate Mr. Edmunds
was appointed a member of the Monetary Commission
authorized by the Bankers' Convention held at Indian-
apolis and was elected its chairman. This committee
made a prolonged and careful investigation of the cur-
rency of the country, its findings being embodied in a
report. Later President Cleveland, during his second
term, offered Mr. Edmunds an appointment on the Inter-
state Waterways Commission which was declined, not
for lack of interest in the subject, but for the same reason
that impelled his resignation from the Senate.

Soon after his retirement Mr. Edmunds made his home
in Philadelphia and later in Pasadena, California, not
because of any lack of loyalty to Vermont, but rather
on account of his own health, and that of his family.
From boyhood Mr. Edmunds had been obliged to fight a
tendency to bronchial and lung trouble, and the New
England winters were a menace to his health. To inti-
mate any lack of loyalty to or affection for Vermont on
his part, is a cruel injustice. No man was prouder of
the State than he and no man had brought it greater
honor. During all the years of his retirement he main-
tained a keen interest in public affairs and from time
to time he contributed important interviews on great
public questions.

Governor Page offered the appointment as Senator
to succeed Mr. Edmunds to Secretary Proctor with the



214 HISTORY OF VERMONT

general approval of Vermont and the Nation. He was
already a national figure. He was assigned to the Com-
mittees on Military Affairs, Immigration, Conduct of
Executive Departments and was made chairman of the
Committee to Examine the Civil Service.

Governor Page issued a call for a special session of
the Legislature on August 25. The Fifty-first Congress
passed an act refunding the direct tax imposed by the
Thirty-sixth Congress, in 1861, under which Vermont
paid $179,407.80, and special legislation was necessary
to comply with conditions imposed. Legislative action
was also needed to secure the speedy erection of a post-
office and custom house building in St. Albans, granting
jurisdiction to the United States. There was a strong
sentiment in favor of an increased appropriation to en-
able Vermont to be adequately represented at the World's
Columbian Exposition. The acts of the session included
the passage of a joint resolution providing for the neces-
sary formalities by which the State might receive its
proportion of the direct tax refunded, and specifying
that this money should be used for the payment of cur-
rent obligations. Jurisdiction over land for a public
building at St. Albans was ceded to the United States.
The appropriation of five thousand dollars for the
Chicago Exposition was increased to fifteen thousand
dollars, and the secret ballot act was amended.

Henry C. Ide of St. Johnsbury was appointed by
President Harrison a Land Commissioner at Samoa, to
act for the United States with similar commissioners
representing Great Britain and Germany in adjusting
the claims of foreigners to Samoan lands, the Samoan



SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR PERIOD 215

Islands at that time being under the protectorate of the
three powers mentioned. He was chosen president of
the commission, and is said to have been its most active
and influential member in organizing, formulating and
carrying on its work. Henry Clay Ide was born at Bar-
net, September 18, 1844. He received his education in
the public schools, at St. Johnsbury Academy, and en-
tered Dartmouth College, graduating in 1866 at the head
of his class. After graduation he became principal of
St. Johnsbury Academy, continuing in that position for
two years, when he became principal of Cotting High
School at Arlington, Mass. In 1869 he began the study
of law under the instruction of Judges Benjamin H.
Steele and Jonathan Ross, and in 1870 he was admitted
to the bar. He soon acquired a lucrative law practice,
being engaged in much of the important litigation of
northern Vermont and New Hampshire. He was, suc-
cessively, a member of the law firms of Belden and Ide,
Belden, Ide and Stafford and Ide and Stafford. Of this
law firm, one member, Mr. Ide, became Chief Justice of
Samoa, another Mr. Safford, a Justice of the Supreme
Court of the District of Columbia, and a third, Mr. Bel-
den, a Judge of the Superior Court of Minnesota.

From 1876 to 1878 he was State's Attorney of Cale-
donia county, and in 1882 and 1884, he was a member of
the State Senate, serving as chairman, respectively, of
the Committees on Judiciary and Railroads. He was
the author of a law securing the property rights of mar-
ried women, which marked a distinct advance in legisla-
tion and has remained substantially unchanged. In



216 HISTORY OF VERMONT

1888 he was one of the Vermont delegates to the Repub-
lican National Convention.

Before the end of the year 1891 he resigned as Land
Commissioner on account of illness in his family, and
was succeeded by Ex-Governor Ormsbee of Vermont,
who continued in the position until 1893. Mr. Ide was
appointed Chief Justice of Samoa in 1893, being nomi-
nated by the three powers constituting the protectorate.
He w^as the highest judicial authority in the Kingdom of
Samoa, and from his decisions there was no appeal. He
formulated a new system of legal procedure and of land
registration, framed ordinances dealing with the collec-
tion of taxes, the isolation of lepers, and the distribution
of revenue. When Judge Ide departed he was invited to
meet King Malietoa, who praised him highly, saying:
''You will be remembered in Samoa as the good Chief
Justice, who knew our ways, laws and customs, and was
kind and just to us."

While Judge Ide was in Samoa as Land Commis-
sioner, and later as Chief Justice, he was brought into
intimate personal relations with the famous author,
Robert Louis Stevenson, and his family, and the friend-
ship continued as long as Mr. Stevenson lived. Mr.
Ide's daughter Annie (later the wife of W. Bourke Cock-
ran, a famous lawyer and orator), was born on Christ-
mas day, and complained that she received no birthday
gifts, only Christmas presents. Mr. Stevenson learn-
ing of this hardship devised a remedy by formally will-
ing his own birthday, November 13, to Miss Annie. In
a letter to Mr. Ide, dated June 19, 1891, he enclosed a
formal document which, he said, "seems to me very



SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR PERIOD 217

attractive in its eclecticism; Scots, English and Roman
law phrases are all indifferently introduced." The text
of the document follows :

"I, Robert Louis Stevenson, Advocate of the Scots
Bar, author of 'The Master of Ballantrae' and 'Moral
Emblems,' stuck civil engineer, sole owner and patentee
of the Palace and Plantation known as Vailima, in the
Island of Upolu, Samoa, a British subject being in sound
mind, and pretty well, I thank you, in body:

"In consideration that Miss Annie H. Ide, daughter
of H. C. Ide, in the town of St. Johnsbury, in the county
of Caledonia, in the State of Vermont, United States
of America, was born, out of all reason, upon Christmas
Day, and is therefore out of all justice denied the con-
solation and profit of a proper birthday; And consider-
ing that I, the said Robert Louis Stevenson, have attained
an age w-hen, O, we never mention it, and that I have
now no further use for a birthday of any description;
And in consideration that I have met H. C. Ide, the
father of the said Annie H. Ide, and found him about
as white a Commissioner as I require; have transferred
and do hereby transfer, to the said Annie H. Ide, all and
whole my rights and privileges in the thirteenth day of
November, formerly my birthday, now% hereby, and
henceforth, the birthday of the said Annie H. Ide, to
have, hold, exercise and enjoy the same in the customary
manner, by the sporting of fine raiment, eating of rich
meats, and receipt of gifts, compliments and copies of
verse, according to the manner of our ancestors; And
I direct the said Annie H. Ide to add to the said name
of Annie H. Ide the name Louisa — at least in private;



218 HISTORY OF VERMONT

and I charge her to use my said birthday with modera-
tion and humanity, et tanqiiam bona filia, the said
birthday not being so young as it once was, and having
carried me in a very satisfactory manner since I can re-
member ; And in case the said Annie H. Ide shall neglect
or contravene either of the above conditions, I hereby re-
voke the donation, and transfer my rights in the said
birthday to the President of the United States of Amer-
ica for the time being;

"In witness whereof I have hereto set my hand and
seal this nineteenth day of June in year of grace eighteen
hundred and ninety one.

"Robert Louis Stevenson (Seal)
"Witness, Lloyd Osborne
"Witness, Harold Watts/'

The young girl replied to Mr. Stevenson enclosing a
pen and ink sketch of the North Church at St. Johns-
bury, Vermont, which she had made, and a photograph
in which she and her younger sister, Marjorie, ap-
peared, and thanked the author for his gift, and said
among other things, that as she now had two birthdays
every year, she would grow old with frightful rapidity,
and that, as the photograph showed, she was already
older than her sister, and would soon be two or three
times as old, while on the other hand he, no longer hav-
ing any birthday, would become immortal in body as well
as in renown, and would doubtless live forever.

Stevenson replied in a whimsical letter in the course
of which he said:

"You are quite wrong as to the effect of the birthday
on your age. From the moment the deed was regis-



SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR PERIOD 219

tered (as it was in the public press with every
solemnity), the thirteenth of November became your
own and only birthday, and you ceased to have been
born on Christmas Day. Ask your father : I am sure
he will tell you this is sound law. You are thus become
a month and twelve days younger than you were, but
will go on growing older for the future in the regular
and human manner from one thirteenth of November to
the next. The effect on me is more doubtful ; I may, as
you suggest, live forever; I might, on the other hand,
come to pieces like the one-horse shay at a moment's
notice ; doubtless the step was risky, but I don't the least
regret that which enables me to sign myself

"Your revered and delightful name father,

"Robert Louis Stevenson."
At the beginning of 1900, President McKinley ap-
pointed a commission consisting of William H. Taft,
Dean C. Worcester, Luke E. Wright, Henry C. Ide and
Bernard Moses to organize a civil government in the
newly acquired Philippine Islands. Upon the organiza-
tion of that government, Mr. Ide was made Secretary of
Finance and Justice, having administrative charge of
banks and banking, the customs service, internal revenue
and taxation, the treasury, the Attorney General's office
and the whole Department of Justice, and as Commis-
sioner was chairman of the Committee on Appropria-
tions, so that the financial administration of the govern-
ment largely devolved upon him. He drew between
three hundred and four hundred bills which were en-
acted as laws, including the whole system of legal pro-
cedure, customs and internal revenue, taxation, and the



220 HISTORY OF VERMONT

Torrens system of land registration. His greatest work,
undoubtedly, was the reform of the currency, by which
approximately sixty million dollars of fluctuating silver
and debased coins were eliminated from circulation, and
the whole system placed upon a gold basis.

Judge James H. Blount in his book, entitled "The
American Occupation of the Philippines," says, "Gov-
ernor Ide left the Islands finally on September 20, 1906.
Take it all in all he made a splendid Governor General.
He knew the Islands from Alpha to Omega. He had
drawn up a fine code of laws for the Islands known as
the 'Ide Code.' He had made a great master of finance,
successfully performing the perilous task of transfer-
ring the currency of the country from a silver basis to a
gold basis, and in so doing had proven himself fully a
match, in protecting the interests of the government,
for the wily local financiers representing the Hong Kong
and Shanghai banks, the Chartered Bank of India, Aus-
tralia and China, and other institutions. As Governor
General of the Islands, his justice, firmness and court-
liness of manner combined to produce an administration
in keeping with the dignity of his great office."

Mr. Ide continued to hold the portfolio of finance and
justice until his resignation, but in 1905 he was made
Vice Governor and acting Governor General, and in 1906
Governor General. He resigned at the end of 1906 on
account of exhaustion incident to long residence and
great lalx)rs in the tropical climates of Samoa and the
Philippines, but in 1907 in the great financial crisis that
occurred, he was made one of the receivers of the
Knickerbocker Trust Company in New "S'ork City, which



SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR PERIOD 221

had deposits of nearly sixteen million dollars. He was,
as receiver, associated with Ernest Talmann and George
L. Rives. By their joint efforts over fourteen million
dollars in cash was collected from debtors to the Trust
Company, enabling it to reopen in 1908 and to enter
upon a new career of prosperity, due in large part, it is
said, to the efficiency and wisdom of the administration
of its affairs by the receivers.

Upon the inauguration of President Taft, he appointed
Mr. Ide as Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipo-
tentiary to Spain, Mr. Ide's commission being the first
one for a diplomatic officer signed by the new Presi-
dent. He continued in the performance of his duties
in that important position to the entire satisfaction of
his government until his resignation was accepted,
effective on August 23, 1913, some months after the in-
auguration of President Wilson. Mr. Ide died June 13,
1921.

The Republican State Convention to elect delegates
to the National Convention was held on April 13, at
Montpelier, a feature of which was a speech by Con-
gressman Thomas B. Reed of Maine, who also spoke at
a second meeting held in the local opera house. The
delegates-at-large elected were Congressman H. Henry
Powers of Morrisville, chairman, L. D. Hazen of St.
Johnsbury, Col. George T. Childs of St. Albans and Col.
Fred E. Smith of Montpelier. The district delegates
elected were: First District — William R. Page of Rut-
land, Nelson W. Fisk of Isle La Motte; Second District
— Adna Brown of Springfield, E. P. George of West



222 HISTORY OF VERMONT

Fairlee. The convention endorsed President Harri-
son's administration, but did not instruct the delegates.

The Democratic State Convention, held at Montpelier,
May 5, elected as delegates-at-large. Dr. John D. Hanra-
han of Rutland, John Robinson of Bennington, Dr. J. H.
Jeckson of Barre and H. E. Folsom of Lyndonville.
The district delegates chosen were: First District —
J. H. Donnelly of Vergennes, Col. H. F. Brigham of
Bakersfield; Second District — O. C. Miller of Newport,
H. E. Fitzgerald of Island Pond. Without instructing
the delegates, the State Convention expressed the hope
that Grover Cleveland again might be chosen to lead the
party. The Second District Convention went farther,
and declared, ''That the sense of this convention be that
the best interests of the country demand the nomination
of Grover Cleveland."

It was generally understood that the Republican dele-
gates favored the renomination of Harrison. Vermont
had taken a leading part in securing his first nomination,
and had furnished one of the prominent members of
his Cabinet. When the delegation reached Chicago it
was found that there was strong opposition to the Presi-
dent's renomination, and a decided sentiment in favor
of the nomination of James G. Blaine. The Maine
statesman could have been nominated easily if he had
said the word in 1888. Now he was in poor health and
actually not far from his death, but the magic of his
name was still a potent force. Chairman Powers, in a
newspaper interview, intimated that conditions had
changed and the Vermont vote might be thrown ''to the
great unknown."



Online LibraryWalter Hill CrockettVermont, the Green mountain state (Volume 4) → online text (page 15 of 43)