Walter John Sedgefield.

Beowulf; online

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1705, 2007, 2473, 2893; c) against,
contrary to 1781, 2330, 2409, 2689* ;
in spite of 2724; d) without 686; c)
time after 736; /) beyond 2879.

6Ut ma. bank, edge; d. of re 1371.

ofercnman «t;4 overcome; ind. pst. s.
ofercwom 1273; pi, ofercomon 699;
pp. ofercumen 846.

oferflitan svl overcome; ind. pat. a.
oferflat 617.

ofergin anom. vb. pass over ; ind. pat. s.
ofereode 1408; pi. oferodon 2969.

oferhelmian wv. overshadow, over-
hang; ind. prs. Zs. oferhehnafi 1364.

oferhycgan wv. despise, disdain; ind.
pat. a. oferhogode 2346.

oferhygd fi. pride, arrogance; pi. g.
oferhygda 1740; oferhyda 1760.

ofemuBgen no. superior force; d. ofer-
maegene 2917.

ofermftOm ma. abundant treasure; jd.
d. ofermaOmum 2993.

ofersScan wv. overtax; ind. pat. a.
ofersohte 2686.

ofersdon av5 see, behold; ind. pat. pi.
ofersawon 419.

ofenittan av5 abstain from 684; ind.
pra. la. ofersitte 2628.

oferawixnman avZ swim over; ind. pat.
a. oferswam 2367.

oferai^Oan wv. overpower, overcome;
ind. pra. Za, oferswyflefl 279, 1768.

oferweorpan avS throw down ; ind. pat.
a. oferwearp 1543.

oflerian wv. carry off; ind. pat. a.
offerede 1583.

ofgielan av5 give up, abandon; ofgyf-
an 2688; ind. pat. a. ofgeaf 1681,



1904, 2251, 2469; pi. ofgeaf on 1600;
ofgefan 2846.

oflfitan red. vb. give up, leave behind;
ind. pra. 2a. oflsetest 1183; pat. a.
oflet 1622.

Ofost fd. speed, haste 266, 3007; d.
ofoste 2747, 2783, 3090; ofeste 386;
ofste 1292.

ofostlice adv. speedily, in haste 3130*.

ofsceotan av2 shoot, strike down; ind.
pat. a. ofscet 2439.

ofsittan av5 fasten upon; ind. pat. a.
ofsaet 1646.

OfslSan «t;6 slay ; ind. pat. a. of sloh 674,
1665, 1689, 3060.

Oft adv. (Goth, ufta) often, 4, 166, 171,
444, 480, 672, 867, 907, 961, 1066,
1238, 1247, 1252, 1428, 1626, 1663*,
1886, 1887, 2018, 2029, 2296, 2478,
2500, 2867, 2937, 3019, 3077, 3116.
Compar. of tor 1679, 1663 (MS.).

oftSon av\ w. d. and g. take away, de-
prive (1) ; w. d. withhold, spare (2) ;
ind. pat. a. ofteah 6 (1), 1520 (2),
2489 (2).

ofOyncan wv. displease; uaed impera,
w. d. and g. 2032.

dhwfir, aee fthw«r.

dmig adj. rusty 2763 ; pi. omige 3049.

on I. adv. (Ooth. ana) on 1660, 2796,
2866. II. prep. 1) w.d. a) position
on, upon 61 timea, 40 etc. ; foil, caae
2623; on rseste, as he lay 122, 747,
1298, 1586 ; on wselbedde 964. 1 in, 68
timea 21 etc. ; foil, caae 2367, an
677 ; I at, near ; on sale 302 ; on ancre
303, 1883; on orde 2498, 3125; on
eazle 1117 ; on stsele 1479. 1 among,
in 1667; on folce 1701, 2377; on
fefie 970; cf. 2497, 2916; on corflre
1153; cf. 2406, 2596; on ore 1041;
on herge 2638; on 0am leodscipe
2197; cf. 2204; on gemonge 1643; on
wiste 1735 ; on ende 2021. 1 w. mind.



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2l8



Glossary



heart etc., in; on mode 753; c/. 1307,
1418, 1844, 2281, 2527, 2581; on
ferhOe 754, 948, 1718; on sefan 473,
1342, 1737; on hrefire 1745, 1878,
2328, 3148; on breostum 2714 I w.
abstr. ab., forming adj, on salom,
happy 607; cf. 643, 1170; on giohfle,
sorrowful 2793; cf. 3095; on wynne
2014; on yrre 2092; on gesyntum
1869 ; on wenum 2895 ; on ofeste 386 ;
cf. 1292, 2747, 2783, 3090; on sonde,
swimming 1510, 1618. I Adverbial
phrases on elne, bravely 2506, 2816;
on fylle wearfi, fell 1544; on hlytme,
in doubt (?) 3126. b) time; during,
in the course of, in 981, 1157, 1326,
1779, 1884, 1987; on ylde 22; on
geogode 409, 466, 2512; cf. 2426; on
geogodfeore 537; cf. 2664; on gear-
dagum 1354, 2233; c/. 718, 1062, 3169 ;
on sweofote 1581, 2295; on dearfe,
at need 1456, 2849 ; on medle 1876, 1
definite time on fiaem dsege 197, 790,
806 ; on mergenne 565, 2939 ; cf. 2484 ;
on wanre niht 702; on fyrste 76. c)
circumstance in the case of, in; on
Beowulf e 609; cf. 752, 1830, 1843,
2465; on fiaem golde, by, from 1484.
2) w. a. a) motion, direction etc.
upon, on to, to 23 times 225 etc. I into
35, 49, 67, 212, 214, 478, 755, 764
845, 896, 1392, 1393, 1394, 1678, 1842,
1972, 2299, 2460, 2598, 2775 ; | w. sea,
ocean, into, over, on 49, 507, 509,
632 ; I w. land, into 242, 253, 580, 2915 J
to, among 519. I phrases on geflit
865 ; on waere 27 ; on fleam 1001 ; on
sund, swimming, for a swim 512, 539 ;
on last, in pursuit, 2945; on weg,
away 264, 763, 844, 1382, 1430, 2096;
cf. 216, 2625, 3010 ; I extended uses on
geweald 808, 903, 1684; on seht 42,
516, 1679 ; on hand 2208 ; I w. starian,
seon, wlitan=at 996, 1485, 1592,1603,



1780, 2717, 2852, 2863; b) aim,
purpose on gylp 1749; on ondsware
1840 ; on andan 708, 2314 ; on f ultom
2662 ; I in exchange for 2799 ; C)
conformity according to, at; onwillan
1739, 2307; on gebyrd 1074; on . . .
dom 2147; on lust 599, 618; on ryht
1555; cf. 2739; d) in the person of,
in the case of 627, 2311, 2485; e) as
regards 1297, 2193, 2650; f)re«t/Z« on
sped, successfuUy 873; g) definite
time at, on; on uhtan 126; on
morgentid 484, 518 ; on niht 575, 683
on morgen 837; on undemmael 1428
cf. 1579, 1753 ; h) position in, among
on wsel 635, 1113; on holma geOring
2132; w. healf 800, 1095, 1305, 1675,
2063 ; w. hand 686 ; I phrases on innan
71, 1740, 2089, 2214, 2244, 2715: on
middan 2705.

onarn, see onieman.

onberan «t;4 carry away, remove 990;
pp. onboren 2284.

onbidan sv\ wait, remain; ind. pst. s.
onbad 2302.

onbidian, see andbidian.

onbindan svZ unloose, disclose; ind.
pst. s. onband 501.

onbregdan sv^ break into; ind. pst. s.
onbrsed 728.

oncierran wv. turn; oncirran (trans.)
2857; ind. pst. s. oncirde (intrans.)
2951, 2970.

oncnfiwan red vb. perceive, recognise;
ind. pst. s. oncniow 2554.

onc^OO, see anc^OO.

ond-, see and-.

ondradan red. vb. (Goth, und-redan)
fear, dread 1674; ind. prs. pi.
ondraedafi* 2275 ; pst. s. ondred 2347 ;
subj. pst. s. ondrede* 3153.

onemn prep. w.d. close by; onefn2903.

dnettan wv. hasten; ind. pst. pi. onet-
ton 306, 1803.



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Glossary



219



onfindan avZ discover, perceive; ind,

pst. s. onfand 1622, 1890, 2219*, 2288,

23Q0, 2629, 2713; onfunde 750, 809,

1497, 2841 ; pp, onfunden 596, 1293.
onldn red, vb. w, d, receive 911 ; ind,

pst. s. onfeng 52, 688, 852, 1214, 1494 ;

perceived 748; imper, s. onfoh 1169.
ongeador adv, together 1695.
ongean (ongegn) prep. w. d. against

1034; foil, case 681, 2364.
ongietan sv5 (Ooth, -gitan) catch, lay

hold of (1) ; perceive, understand,

see, hear (2); ongitan 1484 (2), 1911

(2), 2770 (2); ongytan 1496 (2);

ongyton 308 (2) ; ind, pat, e. ongeat

14 - (2), 1512 (2), 1518 (2) ; angeat

1291 (1) ; pi. ongeaton 1431 (2), 2944

(2) ; imper, s. ongit 1723 (1) ; subj.

prs. $. ongite 2748 (2).
onglnnan avZ {Goth, duginnan) begin,

undertake, attempt; ind. prs. 3«.

onginneS 2044; pst. Is. ongan 2878;

3«. 100, 871, 1605, 1983, 2111, 2210,

2312; ongon 2701, 2711, 2790; pi.

ongunnon 244, 3143; pp. ongunnen

409,
onhohsnian wv. scorn ( ?) ind. pst, s.

onhohsnode* 1944.
onhreran wv, (hror) rouse, excite; pp.

onhrered 549, 2554.
onhweorfan svZ change (intrans.) ; ind.

pst. onhwearf* 2029.
oniernan «v3 {Ooth, rinnan) spring

open; ind. pst. s. onam 721.
onlfitan red. vb. unloosen ; ind. prs, 3«.

onlaeted 1609.
Olll§on svl w.g. lend ; ind. pst. s, onlah

1467.
onlucan sv2 unlock, open; ind. pst. s.

onleac 259.
onmedla, see anmidla.
onmunan pret, pres, remind, exhort;

ind. pst. s, onmuncJe 2640.
onsacan sv^ resist 2954.



onsdge adj, ready to fall upon, im-
pending; /. 2076, 2483.
onsecan wv, require of, exact from;

w. accus. of pers, and gen. of thing;

prs. subj, onsece* 1942.
onsendan wv, send ; ind, pst, s, onsende

382 ; pi, onsendon 4d ; imper. s, onsend

452, 1483; pp. onsended 2266.
onsittan sv5 w.a. dread 597.
onspannan red. vb, undo, unfasten;

ind. pst. s. onspeon 2723.
onspringan svZ burst, crack; ind. pst.

pi. onsprungon 817.
onstellan wv. set in motion, start; ind,

pst. s. onstealde 2407.
onswifan sv\ swing forward; ind. pst,

s. onswaf 2559.
ontyhtan wv. attract, impel; ind. pst.

s. ontyhte 3086.
onOdon svl flourish, prosper; ind,

pst. 8. on0ah 900.
onwadan sv6 attack ; ind. pst. s, onwod

915.
onwacnan sv& awake (1) ; ,come into

being, be bom (2) ; ind. pst. s. onwoc

56 (2), 2287 (1); pi. onwocon 111 (2).
onwendan wv. avert, turn away 191,

2601.
onwindan sv, unwind, loosen; ind, prs.

Zs, onwinded 1610.
open adj. open; a. f. opene 2271.
openian wv, open 3056.
6r na. beginning (1) ; van of army (2) ;

1688 (1) ; d. ore 1041 (2) ; a. or 2407

(1).
ore ma. {L. urceus, cf. Goth, urkeis)

pitcher, jug; pi. orcas 3047; a. 2760.
orcneas pit. ma. evil spirits, monsters

112 n.
ord ma. point (1) ; beginning (2) ; front,

van (3); 2791 (2); d. orde 556 (1),

2498 (3), 3125 (3); a. ord 1549 (1).
ordlmma wm. leader 263.
6retm«cg mja. ('orhat, O.H.G. urheiz)



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220



Glossary



warrior ; 'pl. oretmecgas 363, 481 ; a.

332.
dretta wm. warrior 1532, 2538.
orleahtre adj. blameless 1886.
orlege ni. feud, war; g. orleges 2407;

d. orlege 1326.
orleghwil fo. time of strife, warfare;

g. orleghwile 2911 ; ^. g, orleghwila

2427.
oroO ma. (<P.G. *uzanj>a-; c/. Goth.

usanan) breath ; oniO 2557 ; g. oredes*

2523; d. oreOe 2839.
orOanc ma. skill, cunning ; pi. d. orOanc-

um 406; orfioncum 2087.
orwearde adj. without a guardian;

a.n. 3127.
orwena wm,. [Goth, uswena) despair-
ing 1002, 1665.
oO prep. w.a. (Goth, und, unj^a-) until

2399, 3069, 3083; oflflset conj. until,

33 timtB 9 etc,
oOberan «i;4 carry, bring; ind. pst. s.

oObser 579.
dOer adj. (Goth. an]>ar) the other,

another, other 503, 534, 859, 1300,

1338, 1349, 1351, 1755, 2481, foil.

noun 1353, 1560 ; se o0er 1815, 2061 ;

/. 2117; n. 1133; g. ofires 219, 605,

2451; n. 1874; d. ofirum 814, 1029,

1165, 1228, 1471, 2167, 2171, 2198,

2565, 2908; inst. oflre 2670, 3101; a.

ofleme 652, 1860, 2440, 2484, 2985;

n. o5er 1086, 1945, 1583; pi. a. n.

870.
oOferian wv. take away; ind. pst. a.

o0ferede 2141.
oOgIn anom. vb. escape; ind. pat. pit.

odeodon 2934.
oOOe conj. (Goth. alJ>J>au) 1) or (aut,

vel), or else 283, 437, 635, 637, 693,

1491, 1763, 1848, 2253, 2376, 2434,

2494, 2536, 2840, 2870, 2922, 8006;

2) and 649, 2475 ( ?) n.
oOi^tan 8vl blame, reproach 2995.
dwSr, see fthwfir.



gerftd adj. (Goth. garai)>s; O.N. greiflr)

skilfuUy constructed, apt; pi. a. n.

gerade 873.
rScan v^. reach, stretch forth; ind.

pst. a. rsehte 747.
geracan reach, hit ; ind. pat. a. gersehte

556, 2965.
rSd ma. counsel, advice, help (1) ;

way of Ufe (2) ; 1376 (1) ; a. 172 (1),

278 (1), 1201 (2), 3080 (1); good

policy 2027; pi. a. raedas 1760 (I).

See also an-, faest-, folc-.
rSdan red. vb. (Goth, garedan) possess

(1) ; look after, control (2) ; 2056 (1) ;

2858 (2).
rSdbora wm. adviser 1325.
rSdend m^. ruler 1555. See also sele-.
rds ma. onslaught, charge; a. 2626;

pi. d. raesum 2356. See alao gufl-,

hand-, heado-, hilde-, maegen-, wasl-.
resan wv. rush, charge; ind. pst. s.

raesde 2690.
gerssan rush, charge; ind. pst. a.

geraesde 2839.
raBBt, see rest.

r£swa wm. leader, prince 60.
rand ma. shield; d. rande 1209; d.

ronde 2538, 2673* ; a, rand 682 ; rond

656, 2566, 2609; pi. a. randas 231;

rondas 326, 2653. See alao bord-,

geolo-, hilde-, sid-.
randhsbbend m/:. warrior; pi. g. rond-

haebbendra 861.
randwiga wm. warrior 1298; a. rand-

wigan 1793.
rftsian wv. explore; pp. rasod 2283.
raOe, aee hraOe.
rSafian wv. (Goih. -raubon) plunder,

rob 2773; ind. pat. a. reafode 2985,

3027; pi. reafedon* 1212.
rSc mi. smoke; d. rece 8155. See alao

w8b1-, wudu-.
reccan wv. tell, narrate 91; gerund.



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Glossary



221



reccan* 2093 ; ind. pst, «. rehte 2106,

2110.
reccan wv. heed, care about; ind. prs.

^8. recceO 434.
reced mna. building, hall 412, 770,

1799; g. recedes 326, 724, 3088; d,

recede 720, 728, 1572; a. reced 1237,

1981 (MS.); pi g, receda 310. See

also eorfl-, heall-, horn-, win-.
recene adv. at once, promptly; ricone

2983.
regnheard adj. {Goth, ragin ; cf. renian)

very strong or hard; pi. a. regn-

hearde 326 n.
rSnian wv. {cf. Goth, ragin) prepare,

make ready; 2168*; pp. geregnad

777.
renweard ma. {Goth, ragin) mighty

guardian; pi. renweardas 770.
reoc adj. savage, cruel 122.
rSodan 8v2 make red; pp. roden* 1151.
rten, see rdwan.
reord fd. {Goth, razda) voice, speech;

a. reorde 2565.
reordian wv. speak, utter 3025; pp.

gereorded 1788.
rdotan 8v2 weep; ind. prs. pi. reotaO

1376.
Tdote, see tit.
rest fd. {Goth, rasta) rest, resting

place, bed; d. raeste 122, 747, 1237,

1298, 1585; a. 139. See also ȣen-,

flett-, sele-, wsel-.
restan wv. rest 1793, 1857; ind. pst. s.

reflex, reste 1799.
r6t fd. cheerfulness, joy; d. reote

2467 n.
I60e adj. savage 122, 1585; pi. 770.
lice nja. {Goth, reiki) rule, kingdom

2199, 2207; g. rices 861, 1390, 1859,

2027, 3080; a. rice 466, 912, 1179,

1733, 1863, 2369, 3004.
rice adj. {Goth, reiks) mighty, power-



ful 172, 1209, 1237, 1298; wk. rica

310, 399, 1975. See also gimme-.
ricone, see recene.
ricsian wv. rule 2211*; ind. pst. s.

rizode 144.
ridan svl {cf. Goth, raidjan; also cf.

geradian) ride 234, 855; ind. pst. s.

rad 1883, 1893; pi. riodan 3169; subj.

prs. s. ride 2445.
geridan ride over 2898.
ridend mc. horseman, warrior; pi. 2457.
riht na. {Goth, rafhts) what is right,

right; d. rihte 144, 1049, 2066, 2110;

a. riht 1700, 2330; ryht 1555. See

also eflel-, folc-, land-, un-, word-,
rihte adv. duly, in order 1696.
riman wv. count, reckon; pp. gerimed

69.
rinc ma. man, warrior, fighter 399, 720,

2986; d. rince 962, 1677; a. rinc 741,

747; pi. g. rinca 412, 728. See also

beado-, gufl-, heado-, here-, hilde-,

magu-, asb:
riodan, see ridan.
gerisne adj. fitting, proper; n. gerysne

2653.
rizode, see ricsian.
rodor ma. sky, heavens; g. rodores

1572; pi. roderas 1376; g. rodera

1555; d. roderum 310.
r6l adj. strong, brave, gallant 682,

1925, 2084, 2538, 2666; a. rofnel793;

wk. rofan 2690. iS^ee also beado-,

ellen-, gufl-, heado-, hyge-, sige-.
rdwan red. vb. row, swim; ind. pst. pi.

reon 512, 639.
rum ma. room, space 2690.
rfbn adj. {Goth, rums) spacious (1) ;

large, generous (2); 2461 (1); a.

rumne 278 (2).
rumheort adj. large-hearted 1799, 2110.
gerumlice adv. compar. gerumlicor, in

a more open position, farther off 139.
rfin fd. {Goth, runa * secret') council,



Digitized by VjOOQ IC



222



Glossary



counsel; d. rune 172. See also

beado-.
runstaf ma. {Goth. *8tafs) rune, letter ;

pi. a. runstafas 1695.
rtlnwiU vnn. confidant, counsellor 1325.
geryman wv. clear (1) ; allot, allow (2) ;

ind. pst. pi. gerymdon 1086 (2); pp.

gerymed 492 (1), 1975 (1), 2983 (2),

3088 (2).
gerysne, see gerisne.

S.

gesaca turn, adversary, foe 1737*; a.

gesacan 1773.
sacan svQ (Goth, sakan) fight 439.
sacu fo. strife, feud 1857, 2472; g.

secce 600; d. s»cce, 953, 1618, 1665,

2612, 2659, 2681, 2686; a. saece 154;

sscce 1977, 1989, 2347, 2499, 2562;

pi. g. saecca 2029.
tadol ma. saddle 1038.
Badolbeorht adj. with shining saddle

pi. a. n. 2175.
sa mfi. {Goth, saiws) sea, ocean 579,

1223 ; d. 318, 544 ; a. 507, 2380, 2394 ;

pi. d. ssem 858, 1297, 1685, 1956.
ssbat ma. sea-boat ; a. 633, 895.
SSBCC fjo. {Goth. sakj5), see sacu.
S«cynlng m. sea-king; pi. g. srecyn-

inga 2382.
8&deor na. sea-monster 1510.
sSdraca vrm. sea-dragon; pi. a. ssedrac-

an 1426.
8»gan wv. (sigan) fell, slay; pp.

gesaeged 884.
ssgeap adj. broad for the sea, broad -

beamed 1896.
BSgenga wm. sea-goer, ship 1882, 1908.
s£gon, see B§on.
SSgrund ma. sea-bottom; d. saegrunde

564.
sel na. hall 307*; a. 2075, 2264; sel

167.
S»l mfi. {Goth. s§ls *kind,' *good')



occasion, opportunity (1) ; time, sea-
son (2) ; happiness, enjoyment (3) ;
' 622 (1), 1008 (1), 1665 (1), 2058 (1) ;

a. on sael, at the fitting time 489;

sele 1136 (2); pi. g. saela 1611 (2);

d. solum (489 (3)*, 643 (3), 1170 (3),

1322 (3); salum 607 (3).
Bfilic na. sea-booty; d. saelace 1624;

a. saelac 1652.
Bfilid fd. sea-journey, voyage; d.

saelade 1139; a. 1157.
sSlan wv. fasten; ind. pst. s. saelde

1917; pi. saBldon 226; pp. gesaeled,

plaited 2764.
gesSlan wv. happen; ind. pst. s. gesaelde

574, 890, 1250.
8»Id, see seld.
SSlIOend mc. seafarer, mariner; pi.

411, 1818, 2806; saBliflende 377.
8»I0 fo. happiness, fortune; selfi *

2029.
Bfimann mc. seaman, seafarer; pi. g.

saemanna 329; d. saemannum 2954.
sSmeOe adj. weary of the sea; pi. 325.
fuemra com/par. adj. {cf. ssene) worse,

inferior 2880; d. saemran 953.
8»ii8B88 ma. promontory, headland; pi.

a. saenaessas 223, 571.
sdne adj. {cf. Goth, sainjan * delay')

sluggish, slow; compar. saenra 1436.
Serine ma. seaman, sea-fighter 690.
BfisIO ma. sea-voyage; d. saBsiSe 1149.
s£wang ma. plain by the sea, strand;

a. saewong 1964.
saweall ma. sea-wall, cliff; d. saewealle

1924.
{MBWielm mi. sea-wave, surge; pi. a.

saewylmas 393.
sawudu mv. boat; a. 226.
8ftl ma. rope; d. sale 302*, 1906.
samod {Goth, samaj?) 1) adv. together

329, 387, 729, 1063, 2196; somod 1211,
1614, 2174, 2343, 2987; 2) prep. w.d.



Digitized by VjOOQ IC



Glossary



223



at the same time as, at 1311 ; somod

2942.
sand ma. sand ; d. sande 213, 295, 1896,

1917, 1964, 3033.
sang ma. {Goth, saggws) song, cry 90,

1063; a. 787, 2447.
B&r na. {Goth, sair) pain, wound, grief

975, 2468; a. 787, 2295*. See also

lie-.
B&r adj. painful, bitter; pi. d. sarum

2058.
Ure adv. sorely, grievously 1251, 2222,

2311, 2746.
B&rig adj. sorrowful; a. sarigne 2447.
UrigferhO adj. sore at heart, sad 2863.
B&rigmdd adj. sad; pi. d. sarigmodum

2942.
B&rlic adj. painful (1) ; expressing sor-
row, sad (2); 842 (1); a.n. 2109 (2).
Uwol fd. {Goth, saiwala) soul 2820;

g. sawle 2422; sawele 1742; a. sawle

184, 852; life 801.
B&wolberend mc. human being, mortal;

pi. g. sawlberendra 1004.
B&woldr$or mna. life-blood; d. sawul-

driore 2693.
8fiwoI16as adj. lifeless; a. sawoUeasne

1406; sawuUeasne 3033.
Bcacan sv. dart, hasten (1) ; depart (2) ;

1802 (1); ind. jyrs. Zs. sceacefi 2742

(2); pst. 8. scoc 2254 (2)*, 3118 (1);

pp. scacen 1124 (2), 1136 (2) ; sceacen

2306 (^), 2727 (2).
gelC&d na. distinction (between) ; a.

288.
gesc&dan red. vb. ' {Goth, skaidan)

decide; ind. pst. 8. gesced 1555.
BC&denmfil adj. with divided pattern,

figured; n. used ahsol. sceadenmsel,

sword 1939.
Bcamian wv. w. g. be ashamed; scami-

gan 1026; prs. p. pi. scamiende 2850.
BcaOa %om. {Goth. ska)>is) enemy (1) ;

warrior (2) ; pi. scaOan 1803 (2),



1895 (2) ; g. scea^ena 4 (1) ; sceadona

274 (1). See also ator-, dol-, feond-,

gufi-, hearm-, leod-, man-, syn-,

fleod-, uht.
scead na. (Goth, skadus) shadow; pl.a.

sceadu 707.
sceadngenga wm. wanderer in darkness

703.
sceaduhelm ma. covering of darkness;

pi. g. scaduhelma 650.
sceaft ma. shaft, arrow; sceft 3118.

See also here-, wael-.
gesceaft fi. {Goth, gaskafts) creation,

world; a. 1622. See also forO-, lif-,

m»l-.
sceal, see sculan.
scealc ma. {Goth, skalks) attendant,

man-at-arm^, warrior 918, 939. See

also beor-.
gesceap na. creature, form; pi. ge-

sceapu 650.
gesceaphwn fd. fated hour; d. ge-

scaephwile 26.
scearp adj. keen, smart 288. See also

beado-.
scSat ma. {Goth, skauts) region, quar-
ter; pi. g. sceata* 752; a. sceatas 96.
sceatt ma. {Goth, skatts) treasure,

money; pi. a. sceattas 1686.
sceawian wv. look at, gaze at 840, 1413,

2402, 2744, 3032; sceawigan 1391;

ind. pTs. pi. sceawiafi 3104; pst. «.

sceawode 843, 1687, 2285, 2793; pi.

sceawedon 132, 204 (MS.), 983, 1440;

subj. prs. s. sceawige 2748; pi.

sceawian 3008; pp. gesceawod 3075,

3084.
sceft, see sceaft.
scencan wv. pour out; ind. pst. s.

scencte 496.
scenn mja. { ?) guard (of sword) ( ?) pZ.

d. scennum 1694.
gesce6d, see sceOdan.
sceolde, scolde, see sculan.



/^



Digitized by LjOOQ IC



224



Glossary



Bce6p, see scieppan.

Bceotan 8v2 shoot ; ind. prs. Zs. sceoted

1744.
gesceotan dart towards, hasten to;

ind. pst. 8. gesceat 2319.
Bceotend mc archer, 'Warrior; pi. 703,

1154; d, sceotendum* 1026.
scepen, see scieppan.
sceran svi shear, cut through; ind.

prs. 38. scireS 1287.
gesceran cut through, cleave; ind. pst.

8. gescffir 1526; gescer 2973.
8cet, see sceotan.
sceOOan «v6 w. d. {Goth, ska^jan)

injure, harm 243, 1033, 1524; ind,

pst. s. scod 1887; wk. sceflede 1514.
geSceOOan injure, harm 1447; ind. pst.

s. gescod 1502, 1587, 2777; gesceod

2222.
Bcield ma. {Goth, skildus) shield; scyld

2570 ; a. 437, 2675 ; pi. a. scyldas 325,

333, 2850.
Bcieldan wv. shield, protect; subj,

pst. s. scylde 1658.
scieldfreca wm. warrior; scyldfreca

1033.
scieldweall ma. shield- wall; a. scild-

weaU 3118^
Bcieldwiga lam. warrior; scyldwiga 288.
sciene adj. {Goth, skauns) bright,

splendid ; pi. a. n. wk. scionon 303 n.
scieppan sv^ create, make; ind. pst. s.

scop 78; pp. scepen 2913. See also

earmsceapen.
gescieppan {Goth, gaskapjan) create;

ind. pst. s. gesceop 97.
Bcieppend mc. creator, God; scyppend

106.
gescife, see gescyfe.
scima torn. {Goth, skeima) brightness,

gleam 1803*.
scinan svl {Goth, skeinan) shine 1517;

ind. prs. Zs. seined 606, 1571; pst. s,

scan 321, 405, 1965; pi. scinon 994.



scinna wm. evil spirit, demon; pi. d.

scinnum 939.
scionon, see sciene.
Bcip na. {Goth, skip) ship 302 ; g. scipes

35, 896; d. scipe 1895; a. scip 1917;

pi. d. scypon 1154.
sciphere mja. fleet of ships; d. scip-

herge 243.
sclr adj. {Goth, skeirs) bright, shining

322, 979; g. wk. sciran 1694; a. n.

scir 496.
sciran wv. {Goth, skeirjan) clear up,

make clear; scyran 1939.
scireO, see sceran.
scirham adj. in gleaming armour; pi.

scirhame 1895.
scdd, see sceOOan.
scop ma. poet, bard 496, 1066; g.

scopes 90.
scdp, see scieppan.
serif an «t;l prescribe, ordain 979.
gescrifan ordain; ind. pst. s, gescraf

2574.
scriOan svl move, glide 650, 703, 2569;

ind. prs. pi. 8cri0a0 163.
scncca wm. demon, devil; pi. d. scucc-

um 939.
scuian sv2 {Goth, skiuban) push (1) ;

push on, hasten (2) ; ind. pst. pi.

scufon 215 (1), 936 (1) ; scufun 3131

(1); pp. scofen 918 (2).
scnlan pret. prs. {Goth, skulan) shall,

should, must, have to, be going to;

freq. used as aux. of future time;

ind. prs. 1 and 3«. sceal 32 <»me«, 20

etc. sceall 1862, 2275, 2498, 2508,

2535, 3014, 3021, 3077; seel 455,2804,

3010; 2s. scealt 588, 1707, 2666; pi.

sculon 683; pst. 1 and 3«. scolde 10,

85, 230, 805, 819, 965, 1034, 1067,

1070, 1106, 1260, 1443, 1449, 1464;

sceolde 2341, 2400, 2408, 2421, 2442,

2585, 2589, 2627, 2918, 2963, 2974;

28. sceoldest 2056; pi. scoldon 41,



Digitized by VjOOQ IC



Glossary



225



704, 832, 1305, 1637, 1798; sceoldon
2257; subj. prs. s. scyle 1179, 2657;
scile 3176; pst. s. scolde 280, 691,
910, 1328, 1477; sceolde 2708, 3068;
in/in. omitted 455, 1179, 1783, 2585,
2255, 2659.

scurheard adj, {Goth, skura) hardened
by blows? hard (impenetrable) to
showers of darts or arrows? 1033.

gescyfe nja. precipitation; d. to ge-
scife*, headlong 2570.

scyld, see scield.

scyldig adj. liable to (1) ; having for-
feited (2); 1338 (2), 1683 (1), 2601
(2) ; scildig, guilty 3071.

scyle, see scnlan.

scyndan wv. hasten 2570 y pp. scynded
918, 1803.*

Bcypon, see Bcip.

le (Goth, sa) 1) demons, adj. and def.
art. that, the freq. 84 etc. ; 2) demons,
pron. that one, he 196 etc. ; 3) rel.
pron. who 143 etc. freq. foil, by fie
79 etc. se fie hine, whom 441; /. seo
exclusively up to 1599; also 2031,
2258, 2323 ; sic exclusively from, 2403
to end; also 2024, 2087, 2098, 2258;
se fie for seo fie 1260, 1344, 1497, 1887,
2685 ; 71. 6cEt 11 etc.; used as conj.
that 9, 22 etc.; g. fisBS 132 etc.; f.
fiaere 109 etc. ; n. fiaes freq. used as
pron. adv. therefor 7, 16, 114, 588,
900, 1220, 1584, 1692, 1774, 1992, 2335 ;
to such an extent, so 773, 968, 1509;
foil, by fiast clause 1366; to fiaBS, so
1616; as 272, 383, 1341, 1350, 3000;
fiaes fie conj. because 108, 228, 626,
1628, 1751, 1779, 1998, 2797; up to
the point when, until 714, 1585, 1967,
2410; d. fiaem ordy occurs in first
part up to 1839; fiam 137, 425, 639,
713, 824, 919, 1016, 1073, 1421, 1984,
and thereafter exclusively; f. fiaere
125 etc. ; n. fiaem, fiam v. supra ;



f orfiaem, for that, therefore 149 ; inst,
fie 821, 1000, 1436, 2277, 2638, 2687;
fiy 110, freq. with compar. 487, 754,
974, 1273, 1502, 1664, 1797, 1902, 1918,
2028, 2067, 2081, 2160, 2277, 2373,
2466, 2573, 2749, 2880; fion504, 2423;
aefter fion 724; aer fion 731; be fion



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