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in the manor and other property, charged with an annuity to his
eldest son, James Underwood. He also mentions his son Thomas
and his daughter Katherine, to whom he left £200 each. J

* It wiU be remembered that his grandmother was a Herward of Alburgfa.

t He also bought land in fiamingham and Cromer, Hil., 25 Elizabeth, of John
Dodge, Esq.

X Blomefield makes out that Robert Underwood being dead, his son Samuel died
without issue, and Catherine, the latter's sister, inherited, and brought it by marriage to
William Hobart, gent., of Metton, '' who was lord in 1615 ; " but I cannot reconcile this
with the &cts I have given in the text

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His son James was alive in Michs., 13 James I. (1616), when he
was a party to a fine in N. Repps, and in 17 James I., when he
bought land of Sir Richard Gresham in Roughton .♦

He made his will d. 29 August, 163 1, as follows : —

He directed his body to be buried in the parish church of
Cromer, according to the will and appointment of his executrix,
and gave to the poor and the Church of Cromer £St to be equally
divided between them, and mentioned that his estate was but small,
and that his wife **was one than whom there was none better."
He gave to Ann,t his wife, his manor of Ufford als. Ermer's, in
Cromer, Ronton, Felbrig, Roughton, and Northrepps, to her and
her heirs for ever, together with all his messuages, lands, and tene-
ments, freehold and charterhold, and directed that if his estate
could not perform what he owes and gives, then his wife may sell
the manor of Ufford. Witnesses — Richard Herrick, Robert Baxter,
and James Davye. This will was proved 21 Sept, 1631,11 by his
relict, who married, secondly. Sir George Wyndham, sixth son of
Sir John Windham of Orchard Windham, Somerset, an adherent
of the Commonwealth, being Commissioner for raising the assess-
ment under Fairfax, in 1644.
Wyndham't A fine of the mauor was levied Trin., 13 Charles I. (1637), by
mttor, formerijr ^hj^j^ Sir Gcorgc Wyndham and Anne his wife, and Fras.
Symonds, gent, and Katherine his wife (probably joined as
sister and heiress of James Underwood, to prevent questions), sold
the manor for ;f40 to Sir Edward Havers, knight and bart, Thomas
Wyndham, Esq., and Ambrose Sheppard, gent, who were prob-
ably the trustees of the Wyndham settlement (Feet of Fines, Trin.,
13 Charles I.).

After her death. Sir George Wyndham seems to have married
Frances, daughter and heir of Frances Davy, J who was the daughter
of William Hobart, of Metton, by Catherine Underwood, the
daughter of Robert Underwood, the purchaser of the manor from
Arnold, which Catherine is said to have been daughter and heiress
of his brother James. Sir George died 27 November, 1663, his son
and heir being

* Feet of Fines, N. Erpingham, p. 574.

+ Daughter of Godfrey.

t 67 her husband James, son of Sir Henry Davy (BlomeBeld).
[j Regr. Pergal], fo. 108.

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Frmicis Wyndham, who married Frances, daughter of Sir
Thomas Darell, and had issue Francis, Joseph, and James.

Francis Wyndham was father of

Thomas Wyndham* of Clearwell, Gloucester, the father of John
Wyndham, of Cromer (the younger son of his father, and I presume
heir to a brother William, who Blomefield says was heir in 1765),
who died 26 April, 1763 (1765 ?), aged 32. He married Elizabeth
(daughter of Richard Dalton, by Mary, daughter of George
Wrighte\ who died 19 January, 1785, aged 58, and was father of

George Wyndliamy of Cromer Hall, born 1766 (?), and died i
(3 ?) January, 18 10, aged 48, having by his wife Marianne, daughter
of Col. Philip Bacon, had issue (/.^z.)>

George Thomas Wyndliam^ of Cromer Hall, who was married
twice, first, to Maria Augusta, second daughter of Vice-Admiral
William Windham, of Felbrigg (the grandfather of " mad " Wind-
ham), and afterwards wife of William Viscount Listowel. By his
first wife he had issue,

George Thomas Wright WyndJtam^ bom 21 Sept, 1828, and
died 27th Feb., 1837, an infant

By his death the manor passed to his sisters. Lady Macdonald
and Cecilia, the wife of Lord Alfred Paget, who with their mother,
the Countess of Listowel, soldf in 1852 to Benjamin Bond Cabbell^
Elsq., who, in his will, is described as of Dunard's Row, Dumbar-
tonshire, N.B., and who also lived in Chapel Street, Edgware Road.
He was a very eccentric man, and was the third son, bom 178 1, of

* Among Uie papers belonging to J. J. Colnum, Esq., M.P., which he kindly lent me,
was the account of Richard Ellis, steward of this manor, with Thomas Wyndham, I^*»


It is not particularly interesting, but there are payments for two men planting trees,
for 100 bindings round trees, for cutting thorns to fence the trees, for men thinning the
groves, stopping gaps, planting trees in Burnt Hill, for 3 bushels of acorns, 3/-. Mr.
William Cubitt^s bills, j^9 13s. od. and ;f22 i8s. 8d., may relate to an attempted sea

On 12 September, 1747, is the entry, ''Two men one day pulling down chancel
piUar, 2/4."

Mr. Bullwer, schoolmaster, is mentioned in October, 1747.

These Wyndhams were no relations of the ''mad" Windham of Felbrigg, to whose
ancestors, the Lukins, the property was left by William Wyndham, the statesman, and
who assumed the surname. Of them and their history, I hope to treat some day in

t The price of the whole estate was, I believe, ;C65,coo, the biddersup being the

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Mr. George Cabbell, of Vere Street, Oxford Street, by Mary,
daughter of Mr. Thomas Bliss, whose executor he was. He was
educated at Westminster and Exeter College, Oxford. He was a
Bencher of the Middle Temple, J.P. and D.L. for Middlesex and
Norfolk, Sheriff for Norfolk, and M.P. for St Albans in 1846, and
Boston 1847. He died in 1874, being a very old man, and by his
will, proved 23 December, 1874, left all his property to his cousin
John Cabbell. Mr. John Cabbell, a barrister, formerly of the West
Indies, and in 1851 of Glasgow, assumed the additional name of
Bond, and died 25 October, 1878, in his 71st year. He was a D.L.
and J.P., and by his will, the manor passed to his widow, Mrs.
Margaret Bond Cabbell (n^e Dewar), for her life, with remainder to
her son, Benjamin Bond Bond-Cabbell.
I am informed that —

" The right to wreck of the sea and the right of sea beach have
always been claimed by the owner for the time being of the Cromer
Hall estate, as incidents belonging to the above-mentioned manors of
UfTord's Hall in Cromer, Beeston Regis, Beeston Priory, and Sher-
ringham Morley Hall, and at the time of the enquiry which was insti-
tuted in or about the year 1856, by the Board of Trade, under the
Merchant Shipping Act, as to the rights of lords of manors to unclaimed
wreck along the coast, certain documentary evidence was produced on
behalf of the late Mr. Benjamin Bond Cabbell before the Commissioner
holding the enquiry, from which he was satisfied of Mr. Cabbell's title
to wreckage of the sea."

Cromer Hall, which is the manor house, is described in the
" Norfolk Tour" as a ** respectable old house." It was pulled down
and rebuilt in 1827 by G. T. Windham, only, however, to be burned
down in 1829. It was rebuilt in the very modem Gothic style,
partly at the time and partly in 1876.

ham and de Bra' "^- ^^ Bemingham and De Bradenham Subholding,


The history of the subholding created by Richard de Bemingham,
the subtenant of Roger Fitz Osbert, out of the de Creyk manor
(which he had acquired with his wife), is very involved.

These are the facts, as far as I know them :

Richard de Bemingham* subinfeoffed before 24 Henry III.,

* I do not know what became of his mterest, or what we should now call his ''im«
proved ground rent."

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" one-third *' of a knight's fee to Wm. de Bradenham and Roger de
Reymes. This may be a mistake for " one-eighth," for in the Inq.,
20 Ed. III. (N. Erp., 191), "the one-eighth formerly held by Wm.
de Bradenham and Roger de Reymes" is referred to. In 17 Ed.
II., it is, however, said to be one-fourth (see id. p. 190).

I should imagine that some sort of a partition or sale took place
of this holding, whatever it was, for in 24 Hen. III.,

(a.) Wm. de Bradenham ^ are said (N. Erpingham. p. i86),
(*.) Robert Tebaut \ ^^ ^^^^ one-eighth of a knight's

/J f^^"^^ ^^""^^ I fee of Roger fil' Osbert

(a.) Wm. Hervy -/

{a,) As to William de Bradenham^ he is said at the same time to d«
hold one-eighth of a knight's fee separately of Richard de Berning- '
ham, and he of Roger Fitz Osbem (Inquis., 24 Hen. III., N.
Erp., p. 187). Described as William fil' Walter de Bradenham, he
sued Baldwin de Odingsells in Shipden, see Patent Roll, 2 Ed. I.,
m 16, and 3 Ed. I., m 18. At the same time, Baldwin de Oding-
sells was suing him in turn, and also Edmund de Egmere.

In 20—21 Edw. I., he and Isabel his wife granted to Magr. John
de Bradenham, land in Shipden, N. Repps, and Overstrand, to
hold of them as of fee (Feet of Fines, NorC, 20—21 Edw. I.,
No. 617).

His widow Isabel and his son William sold land to Hugh
Tebaud (kinsman, no doubt, of his coparcener) in 18 Ed. II.
(Feet of Fines, Ed. II., No. 994).

In 20 Ed. III., the one-eighth of a knight's fee, "which William
de Bradenham and Roger de Reymes formerly held," is mentioned
(Inquis., 20 Ed. III., N. Erp., 191), which would look as though the
" one-third " mentioned above was a mistake.

(^.) As to Robert Tebauty I know no more, but Hugh Tebaut,
probably his son, and others held another holding in Shipden, at
the service of one-fourth of a knight's fee of John de Thorp, see
lie (Exch., 17 Ed. II., 1st part, N. Erp., 190), and in the next .year,
18 Ed. II., we have seen he bought land of Isabel de Bradenham
and her son William.

In 20 Ed. III., he and others held one-eighth of a knight's fee of


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Robert de Benhale*, and he of the Earl of Norfolk (20 Ed. III.,
N. Erp., p. 190).

In 3 Hen. IV. (1401), the heirs of Robert Tebald held a share of
the one-eighth knight's fee (p. 193).

(r.) Roger de Reymes^ who held in 24 Hen. III., was no doubt
ancestor of

Roger (de) Reymes, who held with others what is then said to
be one-fourth of a knight's fee in 17 Ed. II. (Esch., 17th Ed. II.,
1st part).

(rf.) William Hervy^ who held in 24 Hen. III., was probably a
descendant of Hervy de Shypden, a witness to an early deed (N.
Erp., p. 186).

Clement Hervy held a share in 23 Edward III., and probably
settled it by fine (N. Erpingham, p. 191).

It has been suggested that this surname was a corruption of
Herward. There certainly was a Clement Herward.

H^. De TJiorfs Manor.

De Thorp*!

John de Thorp, as mentioned before, claimed the de Creyk
holding as kinsman and heir of Margery de Creyk.

In 35 Ed. I. (1305), he and his parceners held in fifteen villages,
of which Shipden was one, thirteen and a half knight's fees of
Roger Bigod (N. Erp., p. 188).

By 17 Ed. II. (1324), he had subinfeoffed Roger Reymes, Hugh
Tenant (Tebaut?), and others of a quarter knight's fee (Esch., 17
Ed. II., 1st part, N. Erp., p. 190).

Robert de Thorp would seem to have succeeded him, on his
death, about 23 Ed. III. (1350).

John de Thorp was found to be his son and heir (Eschaet, 2nd
part, 23 Ed. III., No. 164, N. Erp., 191).

* I cannot trace this Robert de Benhale.

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Beanfoy's, or the Bishop's Manor.

This was given by William de Beaufoy, Bishop of Thetford, to
the see of Norwich.

It seems to have been subinfeoflfed directly or indirectly to the
family of de Egmere,* for in 24 Hen. III. (1239 — 1240), Robert de
Egmere held one-fourth of a knight's fee here of the Bishop of

In 127s, Edwardf de Egmere claimed frank pledge and assize
of bread and beer here (Rot Hund., see N. Erp., p. 187).

In 1287, John de Egmere defended his right to the same (Quo
warranto, id. p. 188).

In 1347, it was found that the Bishop of Norwich held one-
fourth of a knight's fee here of the king, that John Leche held of
him, and Robert de Egmere of John Leche, "which Robert de
Egmere formerly held" (Inquis., 20 Ed. III., id. p. 190).

In 1401, Walter de AUington held one-fourth of a knight's fee of
the Bishop of Norwich (Inquis., 3 Hen. IV., id. p. 193).

It was the subject of a suit in the 37 Elizabeth (No. 184), be-
tween John Blowfeld, of Cromer, gent, and Thomas Baxter of the
same place, gent, and Robert Doughty and Henry Playford. The
bill recites that the Bishop being seized of the manors of Thur-
garton, Thwayte, and Cromer, let the same by deed, dated the 17th
Elizabeth, for twenty-one years, at forty marks yearly, to Thomas
Grene — that Grene on Blowfyld marrying his "dafter" assigned
such lease to him — that Bishop Scambler " by the evill counsell "
of some, not only put out Blowfield from his quiet enjoyment, but
intended to make frustrate the copyhold tenement of the said
Baxter, under color that he paid his rent to Blofield, and for fur-

* There is a confusion possible here, for in 15 Hen. VIII., UfTord's manor, in Cromer,
was said bj Uie inquis. post mortem on William Arnold, to be held of the Prior of Wal-
singham, as of his manor of Egmere. But I cannot help thinking this an error. I find
no other entry of the Prior in connection with Cromer, and I am probably right in de-
scribing Ufford's manor as held under the Bigod fief. On the other hand, Uffbrd's Hall^
otherwise Egmere's, is now the title of the Cabbell's chief manor.

t Edmund (?) see a deed same date witnessed, i.<i., by Heniy de Schypdene and his
son Nicholas (N. Erp., p. 186).

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ther vexation did make one estate thereof to one Robert Doughtye,
Henry Playford, and Robert Fayer, only to vex the said Baxter.
Doughty and Playford's answer begins by abusing the plaintiff
Blowfield, who they say is a man who by the space of twenty
years or thereabouts, has been very contentious against his neigh-
bours, or such others as have had any business to do with him.*
They then allege that the lease to Greene was utterly bad at law —
that Greene fell in arrear with his rent, and agreed to surrender,
the Bishop remitting him ;f 80, and that he did surrender at Thur-
garton Court, on the 18 or 19 Elizabeth, and was continued only
as steward.

I do not know how the action ended.

The Bishop of Norwich seems to have had other interests in
Cromer, e,g,y in 1282, William, Bishop of Norwich, had a charter
(of release ?) from Remigius, son of Wm. de Meulings, of certain
knight's fees {i,a, in Shipeden), which he held of the Bishop and the
Church of Norwich (Abb. Placit, pp. 202 — 3).

Again it appears that in 51 Ed. III. (1378), William de Wych-
ingham and others held land in (i.a^ Cromer of the manor of
Hockering, which was one of Bishop Beaufoy's manors (Esch., No.
32, N. Erp., p. 191).

St Benet's Manor, or Shipden Abbots.

Of this manor, held at the time of Domesday by the Abbot of
St Benet's at Holme, Le Neve says, in his notes (N. Erp., p. 192),
that it is " now in the sea."

Very little is known of its history. In 19 Hen, HI. (1234), Sir
Peter de Alto Bosco (Hautbois) released to the Abbot all his right
here (Regr. of St Benet's, fo. 66, N. Erp., 186).

In 3 Ed. I. (1275), it was found that the Abbot held it of the
king in capite (Rot Hundred, N. Erp., 187).

In 20 Ed. III. (1247), it was found that the Abbot held a certain
homage here of the king in capite (Book of Aids).

* There may have beea some foimdation for this, see the action he brought about
Cromer pier later on. In this action, too, Thomas Baxter's name also appears.

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At the dissolution it seems to have been granted to the Bishop
of Norwich, and in 3 and 4 Philip and Mary, Robert Allen was
bailiff of it, as appears by the Audit Roll of Bishop Hopton,
Michs., 3 and 4 Philip and Mary (N. Erp., p. 194).

For an entry as to the Abbot of St Benet's and William Arnold,
of Cromer, see Regr. Godsalve, fo. 251b.

There were several other manors here, no doubt subenfeoffed of
one or other of the foregoing, but not now to be traced by me.
They were : —

V. The Duchy of Lancaster's Manor (probably a part of Bigod's

William de Warren (son and heir of John, Earl Warren, who
died 14 Ed. L, v. p.), married Joan, daughter of Robert de Vere,
Earl of Oxford, and is said to have died, seized of the manor of
Cromer and Beeston, and to have left John his son and heir (N.
Erp., p. 188).

Blanch (descendant of William de Warren) married John of
Gaunt, and this manor of which I know very little, afterwards
passed with the Duchy.*

In 1604, Sir Edward Coke held a Court here, and so continued
till 1634 (Robert Bulleyn being steward), when Edward Dichfield^
John Heiglord, Humphrey Clarke, and Francis Mosse were

In 1654, John Fielder and Edward Fielder held a Court, and in
1663, Sir Thomas Rant held his first Court. He was third son of
Dr. William Rant, of Yelverton, and dying in 167 1, was buried in
Thorpe Market Church.

Sir William Rant held his first Court in 1676. One of his
daughters married Robert Britiffe^\ Esq., of Baconsthorpe, who was
lord in 173 1 — 1739, whose daughter and heiress married Harbord
Harbord^ Esq., formerly Cropley, the father of Sir William Morden
Harbord^ bart, who was lord in 175a

* See Duchy of Lancaster proceedings, 6 Edw. VI., toL 6, c. 12, as to embezzleinent
of the goods of an outlaw.

t The Britiffes had bought land in Cromer as early as 1663 (se$ Fine No. 77).
Edmond Britiffe was of Town Bemingham, in 1624 (N. Erp., p. 517). The family was
afterwards at Plumstead.

CrooMT Lmi-

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Sir Harbord Harbordy bart, held his first Court in 1773, and
since then the manor has passed with the rest of Lord Suffield's
estates, the manor of Cromer Gunnors next mentioned going with

VI. Cromer Gunnor^s Manor [sometimes Giggs* and Inglond's].

I am told by the steward that in 1530 it was called Shipden
ex parte Gunnors, and afterwards Heydon*s and Robkinge's.

The first I know of this is that John Gunnor* sold it to Robert
Gygges, of Sparham, as mentioned in the latter's will, dated 1534,
and proved i May, 1535, where he describes it as lying in the
towns of Cromer, Felbrigg, and Runton. He left it to his wife
Alice for life, and after her death he directed it to be sold by his
executors, viz., Thos. Clere, of Acle (his son-in-law), and Thos.
Boley (Boleyn ?) (Reg. Attemere, 25). [Sir] Thomas Clere, mar-
ried Anne Gygges (died 1570), the daughter and heiress of this
Robert Gygges (Farrer's Church Heraldry, i. p. 342).

" Mr. Clere " (no doubt the son-in-law) was said to have a manor
here in 1535 (see Regr. Godsalve, 2Sib), and on the death of Sir
Thomas Clere in 1553, this manor was found by his inquisition to
be held by him of William Arnold, Esq., as of his manor of
Arnold's, at 3s. 4d., and to have been late of Richard Bylke^ clerk.
His son and heir was Charles, aged 33.

The manor was no doubt the subject of the fine, No. 47 (see
Appendix), when in 1555, John Baron, clerk, sold to Thomas
Robkyn and others.

Some time before 1572, Thomas Robkinge.i seems to have held
It, and it seems to have passed through his widow Cecilia (who

* The Gunnon were of E. Beckham, where they held the manor of Isaacs, as well as
land in Shipden. William Gunnor left a widow Cecilia, who was alire in 5 Ed. IV.
(1465), su N. Erp., p. 34, and had a son, Simon Gunnor. The hitter, in 1481 and
1484, sold land in Cromer to the Wyndham family (see copies of Charters in possession
of the Steward of Cromer Connor's).

This son was Simon Gunnor, prohably £uher of the John who sold this manor to
Robert Giggs, who had also bought the E. Beckham manor.

t He was the Thomas Robkin who died 155S, seized of Westwick, leaving by Cecilia
his wife, a son and heir, Thomas. He probably held Cromer Gunnors by right of his
wife only.

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afterwards married William Becke),* and whose kinsman and heir,
John Ynglondey held his first Court in 15 Elizabeth (1572),

In 1576, Sir Christopher Heydofi was lord, and in 1581, he was
succeeded by William Heydon^ Esq., who held a Court, and was in
turn succeeded by Dame Anne Heydon^ who was followed by
Thomas Theifordy gent, in i6oa

In 161 1, T/tomas Blo/eldy Esq., held a Court

In 1614, Thomas Baxter was lord, and held his first Court

In 1621 (Trin., 18 James I.), the manor was the subject of a fine
between him and Thomas Blofeld, and see Fine 74.

In 1697, Elizabeth Bodhamy of SwaflFham, spinster, was lady of
the manor, and gave it with the manor and advowson of Overstrand
to her kinsman, Nathaniel Life.

This gives us a clue to how the manor came to her, for Blome-
field speaks of Overstrand being sold by Mr. Reymes to Thomas
Baxter, who gave it to his sister's son, Thomas Bodham, who in
turn gave it to his sister, no doubt this Elizabeth.

In 1727, Nathaniel Life died, leaving three children, Philip,
Elizabeth, and Mary, of whom Philip was his son and heir, aged
sixteen, and who, in 1738, suffered a recovery.

By his will he left his estates to his son, Ccesar Life, who was
twelve years old when his father died, and who held his first Court
in 1748. He died intestate and without issue, in 1763, leaving his
Aunt Mary, the wife of Humphrey Ranty Esq., of Ipswich, his

The Court was held in the name of Humphrey Rant, in 1773,
and in December, 1773, he and his wife concurred in a fine to give
her the right to devise. She was a widow in 1778, when she held
a Court, and died at her house in Ipswich, i8th May, 1781.

Under her will, the manor passed to the Rev. George BettSy of
Wortham, Suffolk, with remainder to his son, Edmund Betts, who,
in 1805, settled the manor on Maria Drury, of Erpingham, spinster,
his intended wife. By his will, dated 1806, he confirmed the
settlement, and gave her a life interest, with remainder to his
father, the said George Betts. He having died, his widow and
father sold to the Gunton Estate Trustees, and in 181 5, William

* The heiress of William Becke of S. Repps, married Edward Balwer of Geistwick,
Blomefield viii., page 322.

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Assheton^ Lord Suffield, held his first Court, and it has since gone
with Cromer Lancaster.

In 1764, there seems to have been a dispute about the boundaries
between this and Cromer Lancasters.

For a sight of these depositions in the action I am indebted to
Mr. Colman. Shortly put, they come to this : —

Richard Payne,* of N. Repps, aged 88, in 1764, deposing that he
entered the service of Thos. Bodham when he was ten years of
age, and that when about twenty years old, he was made bailiff of
the manor, and that he had in his custody two rentals, one for
1701, and the other for 1703. He remembered that about sixty
years since a ship laden with deals struck upon the shore at Over-
strond, and was wrecked there ; that five of the deals came on
shore to the westward of the post by the beck, the boundary be-
tween the manors of Cromer Lancaster and Cromer Gunnors, and
between that place and another place near Gigler's Court, where a
post then stood on a rock to mark the boundaries of Cromer
Gunnors ; that Mrs. Bodham, the lady of the manor, ordered
Philip Caston, her servant, to take them for her use, which he did,
and deponent showed Caston the boundaries by her direction. He
also remembered two dwelling-houses standing against Cromer
churchyard, which have been many years since washed "down
clift," both of which were copyhold of Cromer Gunnors, for which
he received quit rent; also another dwelling-house, called the
White Lion, situate to the westward of Mr. Ellis' present gangway,
which is washed "down clift," and also belonged to the said

John Ransome,f of Cromer, aged Jjy who had lived at Cromer all
his lifetime, remembered sixty years since a post standing on the
rocks west end of the churchyard to the sea shore, which post was
to divide the manor of Cromer Gunnors from Mr. Wyndham's

Also that all the " Coys " used by the fishermen were before the
pier of Cromer was begun — ^which was about thirty-two years since
— situated on the west side of the boundary post

* His is an old name here. John Payne was of Cromer in 37 Hen. VHI., and in

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