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is for the match between John Wotton of N. Tuddenham
with Margaret, daughter of Robert Brampton of Bramp-
ton, who died in 1468. This coat also occurs in North
Tuddenham Church, see Farrer's Church Heraldry of
Norfolk, i. p. 323. Blomfield (x. p. 265) refers to Richard
Arnold of Shipden dying in 1472, possessed of Clere's
manor in N. Tuddenham, which afterwards came to the
Wotton family, and this connection may be the reason

• "Three Norfolk Armouries."

t There were Scotts here, but I fancy not Armigeroui.



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THE HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OR CHURCHES. 83

why this coat is here. William Brampton, Esq., was
party to a fine here in 21 Henry VIII. (N. E., p. 560),
and it is possible that the John Brampton, the elder, to
whom a letter was addressed in 147 1, about a rumour of
invasion, may have been a Cromer man, for he is asso-
ciated {ia,) with a Henry Spilman, which is quite a
Cromer name. On a brass at Sprowston Knollys im-
pales Brampton, and we have seen that Blomfield ascribes
coat No. 3 here to Knollys].

7. [Arnold ? — W. R.] Arg. 2 dolphins hauriant completant (sic)

sa on a chief gu. 3 scallops ar.

8. [? \ Per chevron sa. and ar. 3 seamews* heads

erased and countercharged.

9. [Plantagenet]. Az. florette az. quartering Gu. 3 leopards or a

label az. bezanted.

10. [Bishop of Norwich]. Az. 3 mitres or.

11. [Bekeswell]. Ar. 6 anulets sa within a border engrailed gu.

12. [Bacon quartering Stanhow]. Gu. ofi a chief arg. 2 mullets sa.

pierced or quartering. Or and az. barry of 6, over all a
bend gu.

[This coat is usually ascribed to Bacon of Gillingham
and Garboldisham ; but was probably adopted by them
from the arms of the older family of Bacons of Thurgarton
(a branch of the Bacons of Baconsthorpe), who bore Gu.
[a boar passant an] in chief, a crescent between 2 estoils
or.

Elizabeth Repps married Ralph Stanhow,* of Beding-
field, Suffolk (Norf. Visitn., p. 196).

13. Clere.

14. Heydoa

15. Bemey.

Two of the four chapels which can now be traced were coeval
with the church, and are mentioned, though not by name, in John
Gosselyn's will of 1388.

One of these two older chapels was the Cliapel of our Lady of

• Stanhow of Bedingfield, Suffolk, one of whom married m Repps, Norfl Vis.,
p. 151.



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8^ CROMER, PAST AND PRESfiNT.

Pity, in which was an image to, and an altar of, the Blessed
Virgin Mary .♦ A guild of the same name — " Our Lady's Guild of
Pity " — ^was held in this chapel,"f- and a light of our Lady, which
was no doubt sustained by such guild, burned before her image. J

The other chapels were the Chapel of the Good Cross, mentioned
in the will of John Andrews, who left a legacy for its emendation
in 1480 ; the Chapel of St. Nicholas, in which Richard Brandon
was buried in 1484,11 and in which was St Nicholas* light,§
probably tended by a guild of the same name ; and Maid Ridi"
bonis Chapel^ the only mention of which, I find, is in Henry
Shelle's will of 15 14.

Besides these chapels there were probably shrines and images
belonging to the Guilds of St Peter, St Anne, St George,** St
Trinity,tt St James, J J and St John the Baptist, all of which guilds
are mentioned in the wills of different inhabitants, making with the
two named before no less than eight guilds held in this church.
All of these no doubt had lights, besides which were the Plough
Light,|||| to which nearly every one left a legacy, the Women's
Plough Light,§§ the Plough Light in Estgate (will of Nicholas
Gloyte, 1491, which also mentions the Great Plough Light), the
light on the High Rood Loft,irir St Nicholas' Light (will of William
Rudde, 1452), and the light of St Saviour.***

There was an image of St Mary and St Ann, the mother of St
Mary, on the north side of the church (see will of William

* Will of John Skylman, 1462.

t Will of John Andrews, 1480.

X Will of John Martyn, 1499.

H Blomefield, yoL yiiL, p. io6.

§ Will of Henry Sbelle, 15 14.

^ For a notice of this quaint quasi-canonized female, tee an able paper bj the Rer.
James Bulwer, in the N9rf, Arc A, Soc, Original Papers, roL ii., p. 29a

** In 1487, John Mason left a legacy to this guild on condition that he had the ose of
its light about his hearse at his funeral.

tt The image of the Holy Trinity is mentioned in Richard Chylde's will, 1459.

tt John Fetche's will, 1453.

Ill The Bceston Plough Light is called the <* Light of the Holy Trinity, called Plow-
candell,'* in the will of Simon Reed, dated 1433.

§2$ Henry Shelle*s will, 1514.

^^ John Anderson's will, 1514.

•*• John Hermer's will, 1402.



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THE HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OR CHURCHES. 85

Mannysfield, 1424), and the image of the Holy Trinity is men-
tioned in 1459.

The poor man's box is mentioned in the will of James Payn,
dated 1551.

The ornaments and vestments of the church were, we know, of
extreme splendour, as appears by the Inventory* of them, taken
by the King's Commissioners in 6 Edward VL, of which the fol-
lowing is a copy : —

Cromer. This Inventorye indented, made the ij^« daye of Septem-
ber, in the vj* yeare of the raign of o' Sou^aign Lord
Edward the sext, by the g^e of God Kyng of Englond,
ffrance, & Irelond, Defendo' of the fay the, & in earthe
of the churche of Englond, and also of Irelond, the
su^me heade, Betwen Willin ffayrmo', John Robsart,
Xpofer Heydon, knyghts, Osbert Moundeford, Robt
Barney, and John Callybutt, Esquuyers, Comissiofis,
amongest others assigned by vertue of the kyngs
mat« commission to them directed, for the survey of
Church goods in Norff, on thoon ptye, and Rychard
Cloyte, Willm Sadler, Will°» Colbek & Robert Blofeld
of the sayd town on thother ptye, Wytnesseth yt ther
remayneth in the custodye of the sayd Rychard,
Willm, Willm, and Robt, the daye of the date hereof,
the pcells under wreten.

ffyrst, ij chales, w* ij patens of silv^

dobill gilt, Wherof the first weytlie ...^^ ^

XX ouncf , & ye ij^* xix ounce, at J ^"J ' '^'

iiij« iiij** y* ounce Sm.

Itm one sute of red clothe of bawd-

kyn (vid)) a cope, a vestmt, ij ^ viij"

tunycles, & iij albys, pryce
Itm an other sute of blak sylke, a

cope, a vestmt, ij tunycles, & iij J» viij«

albys, p*ce



I
}



* JVbrf, Church Gocds^ Public Record Office, vol. 504, No. 21.



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86



CROMER, PAST AND PRESENT.



Itm V coopes whereof the first of
whyte sylke w* roses, price iij% y*
ijde of clothe of golde, pre xxxx«,
the iij^« of crimson vellett, vj«
viij^, y* iiij^ of whyte damaske
iiij', the v**> of blue damaske, pee
V* Sm

Itm vij vestments whereof the first
of whyte silk w^ roses p»ce ij«, y«
ijJe of cloth of bawdkyn, pryce iij*,
the iij^* of crymson vellett vj* viij^,
the iiijth of whyte damask iij", the
v^ of red sylke of Bryges, ij«, the
vj* of red sylke bourde alysander
xij% the vij* of grene damaske v*

Sm

Itm a canapye of peynted clothe &
iiij alter clothes & a vayle ij« Sm
vj« [This line is struck out].

Itm a crosse of laten, ij grett stand-
yng candelstykks of laten, iiij small I
candelstykks of laten, an holy V xiij'
water stoppe of laten, weying
Ixxviij^ at ij<* y« li Sm* )

Itm ij pewter basons and ij hand
bells, pryce

Itm V. steple bells, weyng by esti-
macon lxij<^, whereof the first viijs



Iviij** viij**



>- xxiij* viij^






xuij^



the i'f^ x^ the iij^« xijS y« iiij*



xlvj" X*



xiiijc, & the v* xviij*', at xv« the

c Sm.

Itm V [struck out and 4 substituted]

clapps to the same bells, weyng

xj'" pounds, at i** y* li. Sm. x«

[The weight is struck out — and

" valued at vij**" substituted}
Whereof Assigned to be occupyed & used in thadministracon
of divine svice, both ther (sic) sayd chales of xxxix ouncf
and bell of xviij* with the clapp.



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THE HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OR CHURCHES. 8/

In Wytnes wherof the sayd commissions & others, the sayd
psns, pties to thes ^sents have sett ther hands the daye & yer
above wreten.

Robert Bristovve (?) Wyllm Sadler.

[In the margin is the following note : " Gylde Stufe —
Itm iij brasse potts of Ix^, at iiij<* y« li. Sm. xx*. Itm xP'
of pewter, at iiij** the V. Sm. xiij« iiij*^. Itm ij spets weying
xij", at i^ ye 1*. Sm. xij^. Itm a masour, w* ij ouncf of
silv^ (by estmacon) pee, vi« viij^."]

Guilds, lights, and ornaments alike were, however, swept away
by the Reformation, and in another century the church had fallen
out of repair, especially in the chancel, which had been sadly
neglected.



M



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88 CROMER, PAST AND PRESENT.

There was a brief for restoration of the church in 1664 (E. A. iv.,
p. 282), and see a letter as to this brief in 1666 in Tanner's MS.S.
(BodL), vol. 312, No, 3.

In 168 1 the chancel was so dilapidated that it would have cost
over £\QQO to rebuild it — at least, so said the Rev. Tho. Gill,*
Rector of Ingworth, who was lessee of the great tithes under the
Bishop of Ely, and whose duty it consequently was to keep it in
repair ; — and the Bishop of Norwich, to his shame be it said, gave
his consentt on the 30lh Nov., 168 1, to Gill to pull it down, and
build up three walls at the end of the three aisles to stop the
dilapidations extending further. The result of this consent was
the ruin shown on the last page.

The order was as follows : —

An order concerning Cromer Chancell.

Antony by divine Permission Bishop of Norwich. To or tmstie ft
welbeloued Thomas Gill of Cromer, Qerke k Rector of the parish
Church of Jngworth in the County of NorfF. & Diocesse of Norwch,
Health in o' Lord God Ev^lasting, Whereas wee were lately informed,
That the Lord Bishop of Ely hath graunted you the said Thomas Gill
a Lease of the Tythes of Cromer within this o^ diocesse of Norwch
Vpon Condicon that you the said Thomas Gill shall k will convert the
Chancell of the said parish Church of Cromer now & of a long time
ruined k decayed according to this o^ order herevnd' written And for
the better ordering & converting the said Chancell the said Lord Bishop
of Ely : hath added & allowed you out of his flfine five & Thirty Pownds
& all the Materialls thereto belonging soe that it may be done to or
satisfaction Wee therefore did issue out o^ Conmiission to view &
inspect the Premisses to o^ trusty welbeloued S** Augustine Palgraue
Baronett, Willm. Wyndham Esq, Nabbs Browne Gent, Richard Ellis
Gent, And Thomas Eyres William Ashmore Robert Marshall &
William Williams Clerkes beareing date the i6th day of Novemb^ 1681.
Since which wee haue receiued a Certificate vnder the hands & scales
of the said S** Augustine Palgraue Bart, Robert Marshall Willm.
Ashmore Clerkes & Nabbs Brown & Richard Ellis Gent, adviseing vs
That the dilapidacons of the said Chancell are soe great that it cannot
be rebuilt without vaste Charge in the Judgement of sufficient worke-

* Who this man was, I do not know. But it is not impossible he was a kin to that
ardent republican, Alexander Gill, (Master of St. Paul's School), whose brother,
Nathaniel Gill, was the eccentric rector of Burgh, by Aylsham, in 1638. (See Genealo-
gist, vol. v., p. 81.)

t Lib. Fac. i., fo. 98.



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THE HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OR CHURCHES. 89

men & others, The Charge amounting to the Summe of one thowsand
pownds & vpwards And therefore doe Judge it more convenient
That the Materialls of the Chancell be taken down & Three walls built,
vp att the End of the three Jsles by wch meanes the Church wilbe the
better strengthened & jjserued from farther Ruine & Dilapidacons
And haueing viewed the Materialls about the said Chancell doe Judge
That the moneyes ariseing from the sale of the same together with the
35I added & allowed by the said Lord Bishop of Elye or with verie
little more may build vp the Three walls And haueing viewed the said
Church doe know it to be capatious enough without the Chancell to
containe all the Jnhabitants of the said Towne of Cromer for the vse
of divine service & may more if they resort thither And forasmuch as
you the said Thomas Gill hath given vs sufficient securite for the
^formance of this o^ Order heere vnd>^ written Wee doe therefore
authorize & ^mitt you the said Thomas Gill Gierke to take downe,
convert & make sale of the s^ Materialls belonging to the said Chancell
and Vestrie apperteineing & being a parte of the same & with the same
to build the said Three walls well & sufficiently And also to give an
Accompt that the same is well & sufficiently done att or before the
Nine & Twenty eth day of September which shalbe in the yeare of Or
Lord one Thowsand Six hundred Eighty & three Jn witnes whereof
we haue caused the seale of o' Vicar genfiall which wee vse in this
behalfe to be herevnto sett Dated this Thirtyeth day of Novembr
Ao Dni. 168 1 & in the Sixth yeare of o^ Translac5n

fibr the Comission & Bands herein
looke the ffile for faculties for seats

The work of demolition is said to have been completed by gun*
powder (I sincerely wish the reverend gentleman had been seated
on the mine at the time of its explosion), and the rood-screen and
lofl, if not already down, must have been sacrificed when the
chancel arch was blocked up.

The appearance of the church, when Blomefield wrote, is well
shown by the reproduction of his plate on the next page.

In 1758, a detailed estimate was given of repairs then thought
necessary to be done to the church, and this I have printed at page
xliii. of Appendix. It is a melancholy document and speaks for
itself. Apparently the money was not raised, and matters grew
worse and worse. In 1767, most of the roof of the nave and aisles
had fallen in, and the rest had been pulled down to avoid acci-
dents ; while the floor, windows, and walls were so decayed that it
would have required at least ;^iooo to repair them, — a sum much



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90 CROMER, PAST AND PRESENT.



too large for the inhabitants, who were chiefly poor fishermen and
a few tradesmen, who could only raise ;f 250 wherewith to repair
the roof with good oak, and cover it with slate or tile, &c. This
we learn from the preamble of a memorial to the Bishop for liberty
to sell four of the bells, and the lead and timber of the old roof, in
aid of the repairs.

The Bishop gave the following faculty required on the 21st
April, 1767 : —

fTaculty to sell fTour Bells &c. belonging to Cromer Church to-
wards Re-edifying the same.

Philip by divine permission Bishop of Norwich To our beloved in
Christ Anthony Ditchell and Robert Plumbly Churchwardens of the
parish and parish Church of Cromer in the County of Norfolk within
our Diocess and Jurisdiction sendeth Greeting. Whereas we have
lately received a petition under your Hands as also under the Hands
of divers other principal Inhabitants of the said parish of Cromer
Shewing unto us, That your said parish Church of Cromer (a large
Antient and spacious Building) is very much decayed by time, the



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THE HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OR CHURCHES. 9 1

Roof chiefly fallen down and the Remainder, for preventing further
Damage, with great Danger and Expence have been taken down and
that the ffloor Windows and Walls are much decayed so that at a
moderate Estimate the same cannot be Re-edified according to the
former State and Condition thereof for so Uttle Expence as one
Thousand pounds which is a much larger Sum than can be raised by
the Jnhabitants of the said parish who chiefly consist of poor ffisher-
men and some few Tradesmen, Yet being very desirous of having a
proper place for the decent Worship of God have jointly agreed to
raise by subscription upwards of Two hundred and ffifty pounds which
they purpose to apply towards new Roofing, the said Church with
good oak and covering the same with Slate or Tile and also putting
the Body of the said Church into such order as that (although it be not
restored to its former State) Divine service may with decency be cele-
brated therein But that the sum so agreed to be raised as aforesaid
being far short of what will be wanted for the said intended Work the
said petitioners therefore humbly crave our Licence or ffaculty to sell
ffour of the five Bells belonging to the said Church and the Lead that
came off the main Roof. And also such of the Timber or Board of
the s<^ Roof as may be found Saleable and to apply the Money arising
by such sale in aid of the Expence of Re-edifying the said Church in
the manner above proposed as in and by the said petition now Re-
maining in our Registry may more fully appear Now know ye that
we the said Bishop being, as well from our personal knowledge of the
State and Condition of the said Church as from other Circumstances
thoroughly satisfied of the Truth of the ffacts set forth in your said
petition, Have thought fit to give and grant and by these presents (so
far as by Law we may or can) Do give and grant unto you the Church-
wardens aforesaid our License or flaculty to sell and dispose of flour of
your said five Bells and the Lead that came off the Main Roof of your
said Church And also such of the Timber and Board of the said
Roof as may be found saleable and to apply the Money arising by such
sale towards Re-edifying your said Church and making the same fit
and convenient for the decent Celebrating Divine Service therein in
the manner and as proposed in and by your said petition & is dated
21 April 1767.

And the materials, I find, from a memorandum gfiven me a few
years ago by the late Mr. Simon Simons, of Cromer, sold as
follows : — 26 tons of lead at ;f 12, jf 312 ; 52 cwt of bells at £i i6s.,
;^I97 I2S. ; old materials* ;^20. Total ;^S29 12s. Elsewhere,

* I shudder when I think what brasses, carved wood-work* &c, &C| were probably
included in this item.
A brief for rebuilding the churdi is in Brit Mas.» B. viii. 6.



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92 CROMER, PAST AND PRESENT.

however, I find that altogether 30 tons of lead were sold at ;f 15,
which would make ;f 138 more, and, with the ;^25o to be collected,
very nearly the whole of the ;^iooo required.

The money so raised was religiously expended in the highest
style of churchwardens' architecture, to the intent of rendering the
church as wind and water-tight, and as hideous as possible, for the
money. The dilapidated tracery of the windows — stained glass
and all — was knocked out, and wooden frames of a plainness
beyond conception substituted ; while high pews were erected, a
great west gallery was run up, and, in fact, nearly everything done
that could possibly spoil what little was left of the architectural
beauty of the church.

On the 18 August, 1792, the organ was opened by Mr. J.
Beckwith, of Norwich (Norf. Rememb.).

It was reserved for the authorities in 1840, to put the finishing
touch to a century and a half of vandalism ; for, to obtain 540
extra sittings, they pulled down the west gallery, and not only
built it up again, which was bad enough, but erected two others
along the aisles, which was worse.

A better day, however, was in store for the grand old building.
A few years ago a strong feeling began to show itself that the state
of the church, the architectural beauty and marvellous omamenta*
tion of which made it so well known all over England, was a
disgrace to the parish; and there were not wanting those who
came forward nobly with funds for its restoration.

The lord of the chief manor, Benjamin Bond Cabbell, Esq., be-
behaved like lords of manors used to do in the old church-
building times, and gave over £1700 to the fund, which reached
;C4,8o7 19s. 6d., all spent on the restoration.

Besides this large sum many special gifts came in, a list of
which, and of the worthy donors, I give below,* and the result has

* The Nave Roof, by B. B. Cabbbll, Esq., C. Buxton, Esq., M.P., Sir T. F.
Buxton, Bart, M.P.
The Aisle Roofe, by B. B. Cabbell, Esq.
Four Windows, by B. B. Cabbsll, Esq.
One Window, by Sir T. F. and Lady Victoria Buxton.
One Window, by S. Gu&nby Buxton and E. N. Buxton, Esqs.
One Window, by H. Birkbbck, Esq.
One Window, Memorial to late Mr. Hkath.
One Window, Memorial to late Mr. Charlbs Stewart Earle.



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THE PRESENT STATE OF THE CHURCH. 93

been what every one must admit to be a most happy restoration,
which was ably superintended by Mr. Brown, an architect of
Norwich, with the help of Mr. Newman, a master builder of Jetty
Street, who did his work very thoroughly, and has a most curious
and extensive knowledge of the building, and to whom I was
greatly indebted when I compiled my former account of the
church. The present restoration is supervised by Mr. Blomfield,
the builders being strangers to these parts, which is a pity.

Up to March, 1889, the amount actually subscribed for the
further restoration of tower and chancel amounted to £7S46 2s. 7d.



'©^e TfxeBent $tate of i^e §f^uxcf^.

The present Church,* dedicated to St Peter and St Paul, as
originally constructed, consisted of a nave with two aisles, north
and south porches with chambers, chancel with two chapels, and a
tower; to which was added shortly afterwards a fine galilee, or

One Window, Memorial to the late Vicar, Rev. W. Sharps.

One Window and Communion Table, by the Misses Rudge and Friends.

The South Qerestory Windows and Font, by M&s. Herring and Friends.

Organ and Restoration of North Porch, by Miss S. Colson and Friends.

Pulpit, by Miss Edwards, Hardingham HaU.

Reading Desk, by H. E., C. L., and F. W. Buxtqn, Esqs. '

Lectern, by H. R. Pearson, Esq., and Family.

Bible and Prayer Book, by C. Williams, Esq.

Books for Communion Table, by Rev. F. Fitch and Family.

Alms Basins, and Linen Cloth and Napkins, by the Misses Soames.

Pavement for Communion space, by Miss Brereton and Friends.

Stools for Communion space, by Miss Sheringham.

Qock, by J. Gurney Barclay, Esq.

^ There can be no doubt that the present febric, whether it be that built about 1337
or not, is erected on the site of an earlier and smaller church. Immediately inside
the pillars of the present chancel arch are the bases of two pillars of earlier work,
standing about 2| in. above the floor, and when the church was re-floored in 1863-4, an
older floor and the foundations of a small square (?) tower were discovered about 2I ft.
below the then surface. Twenty inches outside the modem wall which now blocks up
the chancel arch, are the traces of the base of an old chancel wall, now nearly level with
the ground, composed of rough flint-work cased on the east or outside with stone having
a bevilled edge, and ending on the south with a buttress, which stands out about four
feet from the present wall.



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94



CROMER, PAST AND PRESENT.



west porch, and still more lately a third chapel at the north-east
end of the chancel. Its style is throughout Early Perpendicular,
and its material is flint, squared with great care, and the windows
and buttresses are faced with carved stone-work. It stands in a
churchyard now measuring about 300 by 225 feet, but which for-
merly extended far more to the east, the foundations of the old
boundary wall having been discovered in the yard of a house in
Brookes Street The churchyard, indeed, is said to have once
contained four acres.*

The Nave was until recently divided from the chancel, the
chancel arch having been walled-up in 1681, as stated before.
From east to west, viz., from the inside of the wall that blocked up
the arch to the beginning of the tower arch, the nave measures




Plan of the Pillars.



• The old rectory house stood on the site of a white house now Ijring in a line between
the ruins of the chancel and the sea. A piece of land called Welle Yard, adjoining the
rectory on its south side, with a well on it, was granted in the 6th Richard II. (13S3) by
John, son of Reginalde de Eccles, and John Goselyn (who next year was the first vicar)
to the king, Sir William de Wolleworth, knight, and John Hastyngs of Cromer.
Witnesses— James, son of William, John Thommes, Robert Brynyng, Adam Hare, John
Howeson, and others.

In the 26 Elizabeth (1584), the incumbent, Stephen Roberts, was sued by Robert
Underwood and others for repairs of the Vicarage House.

The terrier of 1627 (30 April) mentions : —

" Imprimis on pece of ground caled the Vickrage Yard lying between the lands of
Joane Joly and others on the sowthe and the sea bankes on the north conteyne by


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