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the other, upon desperate mind of revenge, for
a lyttle wrong done unto him, as the report
goethe, according to the vyle trayterous dys-
posysyon of the hoole natyon of the Scottes "
(Murdin's State Papers, vol. i. p. 197).

Sound the pryse! The note blown at the
death of the game.

Stem Claud replied. Lord Claud Hamilton,
second son of the Duke of Chatelherault, and
commendator of the Abbey of Paisley, acted a
distinguished part during the troubles of Queen
Mary's reign, and remained unalterably attached
to the cause of that unfortunate princess. He



MISCELLANEOUS POEMS.



629



led the van of her army at the fatal battle of
Langside, and was one of the commanders at
the Raid of Stirling, which had so nearly given
complete success to the queen's faction. He
was ancestor of the present Marquis of Aber-
corn.

Woodhouselee. This barony, stretching along
the banks of the Esk, near Auchendinny, be-
longed to Bothwellhaugh, in right of his wife.
The ruins of the mansion, from whence she was
expelled in the brutal manner which occasioned
her death, are still to be seen in a hollow glen
beside the river. Popular report tenants them
with the restless ghost of the Lady Bothwell-
haugh ; whom, however, it confounds with Lady
Anne Bothwell, whose Lament is so popular.
This spectre is so tenacious of her rights, that,
a part of the stones of the ancient edifice having
been employed in building or repairing the pres-
ent Woodhouselee, she has deemed it a part of
her privilege to haunt that house also ; and,
even of very late years, has excited considerable
disturbance and terror among the domestics.
This is a more remarkable vindication of the
rights of ghosts, as the present- Woodhouselee is
situated on the slope of the Pentland hills, dis-
tant at least four miles from her proper abode.
She always appears in white, and with her child
in her arms.

Drives to the leap his jaded steed. Birrel in-
forms us, that Bothwellhaugh, being closely
pursued, " after that spur and wand had failed
him, he drew forth his dagger, and strocke his
horse behind, whilk caused the horse to leap a
very brode stanke [/'. e. ditch], by whilk means
he escapit, and gat away from all the rest of
the horses " (Diary, p. 18).

From the wild Border's humbled side. Mur-
ray's death took place shortly after an expedition
to the Borders.



With hackbut bent. With gun cocked. The
carbine, with which the Regent was shot is
preserved at Hamilton Palace. It is a brass
piece, of a middling length, very small in the
bore, and, what is rather extraordinary, appears
to have been rifled or indented in the barrel.
It had a matchlock, for which a modern firelock
has been injudiciously substituted.

Dark Morton. He was concerned in the mur-
der of David Rizzio, and at least privy to that
of Darnley.

The wild Macfarlanes' plaided clan. This
clan of Lennox Highlanders were attached to
the Regent Murray.

Glencairn and stout Par khead were nigh. The
Earl of Glencairn was a steady adherent of the
Regent. George Douglas of Parkhead was a
natural brother of the Earl of Morton, whose
horse was killed by the same ball by which
Murray fell.

Haggard Lindesay^s iron eye, etc. Lord Lind-
say, of the Byres, was the most ferocious and
brutal of the Regent's faction, and, as such, was
employed to extort Mary's signature to the deed
of resignation presented to her in Lochleven
Castle. He discharged his commission with the
most savage rigor; and it is even said that
when the weeping captive, in the act of signing,
averted her eyes from the fatal deed, he pinched
her arm with the grasp of his iron glove.

So close the minions croivded nigh. Not only
had the Regent notice of the intended attempt
upon his life, but even of the very house from
which it was threatened. With that infatuation
at which men wonder, after such events have
happened, he deemed it would be a sufficient
precaution to ride briskly past the dangerous
spot. But even this was prevented by the
crowd ; so that Bothwellhaugh had time to take
a deliberate aim.



iflfecellaneous poems;*



E\]i Baro's Incantation.

The Spectre with his Bloody Hand. The for-
est of Glenmore is haunted by a spirit called
Lhamdearg, or Red-hand.

Largs and Loncarty. Where the Norwegian
invader of Scotland received two bloody defeats.

Coilgach. The Galgacus of Tacitus.



Ehc Bnmg Bart.

The Welsh tradition bears that a Bard, on his
death-bed, demanded his harp, and played the air
to which these verses are adapted ; requesting
that it might be performed at his funeral.



Che Gorman f&orsc=sfj0f.

The Welsh, inhabiting a mountainous coun-
try, and possessing only an inferior breed of
horses, were usually unable to encounter the
shock of the Anglo-Norman cavalry. Occasion-
ally, however, they were successful in repelling
# the invaders ; and the following verses are sup-
posed to celebrate a defeat of Clare, Earl of
Striguil and Pembroke, and of Neville, Baron
of Chepstow, Lords-Marchers of Monmouth-
shire. Rymny is a stream which divides the
counties of Monmouth and Glamorgan. Caer-
phili, the scene of the supposed battle, is a vale
upon its banks, dignified by the ruins of a very
ancient castle.



630



NOTES.



&he fflatU of Neiopatfj.

There is a tradition in Tweeddale, that, when
Neidpath Castle, near Peebles, was inhabited
by the Earls of March, a mutual passion sub-
sisted between a daughter of that noble family,
and a son of the Laird of Tushielaw, in Ettrick
Forest. As the alliance was thought unsuitable
by her parents, the young man went abroad.
During his absence the lady fell into a con-
sumption ; and at length, as the only means of
saving her life, her father consented that her
lover should be recalled. On the day when he
was expected to pass through Peebles, on the
road to Tushielaw, the young lady, though
much exhausted, caused herself to be carried
to the balcony of a house in Peebles, belonging
to the family, that she might see him as he rode
past. Her anxiety and eagerness gave such
force to her organs, that she is said to have
distinguished his horse's footsteps at an incred-
ible distance. But Tushielaw, unprepared for
the change in her appearance, and not expecting
to see her in that place, rode on without recog-
nizing her, or even slackening his pace. The
lady was unable to support the shock; and,
after a short struggle, died in the arms of her
attendants. There is an incident similar to
this traditional tale in Count Hamilton's Fleur
d ^Epitic.



£fje fHassacre of (Slencoe.

This event, which occurred early in 169?, was
one of the most barbarous that disgraced the
government of King William III., in Scotland.
Macdonald, of Glencoe, was prevented by acci-
dent, rather than design, from tendering his
submission to the king within the specified
time; and orders were given to proceed to
military execution against the clan. Nearly
forty persons were massacred by the troops ;
and several who fled to the mountains perished
by famine and the inclemency of the season
Those who escaped owed their lives to a tern
pestuous night. Lieutenant-Colonel Hamilton
who had received the charge of the execution
was on his march with four hundred men, to
guard all the passes from the valley of Glencoe ,
bat he was obliged to stop by the severity of
the weather, which proved the safety of the
unfortunate clan. Next day he entered the
valley, laid the houses in ashes, and carried
away the cattle and spoil, which were divided
among the officers and soldiers.



*amt Clouo.

These lines were written after an evening
spent at Saint Cloud with the late Lady Alvan-
ley and her daughters, one of whom was the
songstress alluded to in the text.



Eomance of ©unots.

The original of this little romance makes
part of a manuscript collection of French Songs,
probably compiled by some young officer, which
was found on the field of Waterloo, so much
stained with clay and with blood as sufficiently
to indicate the fate of its late owner. The song
is popular in France, and is rather a good speci-
men of the style of composition to which it be-
longs. The translation is strictly literal.



pibroch of Bonalo Brju.

This is a very ancient pibroch belonging to
Clan Macdonald, and supposed to refer to the
expedition of Donald Balloch, who, in 1431,
launched from the Isles with a considerable
force, invaded Lochaber, and at Inverlochy de-
feated and put to flight the Earls of Mar and
Caithness, though at the head of an army su-
perior to his own. The words of the set, theme,
or melody, to which the pipe variations are ap-
plied, run thus in Gaelic : —

Piobaireachd Dhonuil Dhuidh, piobaireachd Dhonuil ;
Piobaireachd Dhonuil Dhuidh, piobaireachd Dhonuil ;
Piobaireachd Dhonuil Dhuidh, piobaireachd Dhonuil ;
Piob agus bratach air faiche Inverlochi.
The pipe-summons of Donald the Black,
The pipe-summons of Donald the Black,
The war-pipe and the pennon are on the gathering-place
at Inverlochy.



bora's U to.

In the original Gaelic,*the Lady makes pro-
testations that she will not go with the Red
Earl's son, until the swan should build in the
cliff, and the eagle in the lake, — until one
mountain should change places with another,
and so forth. It is but fair to add that there
is no authority for supposing that she altered
her mind, — except the vehemence of her pro-
testation.



iftacgregor's fathering.

These verses are adapted to a very wild, yet
lively gathering tune, used by the Macgregors.
The severe treatment of this clan, their out-
lawry, and the proscription of their very name,
are alluded to in the ballad.



&rje Jftorfcs of Bangor's imarcfj.

Ethelfrid, or Olfrid, King of Northumber-
land, having besieged Chester in 613, and Brock-
mael, a British prince, advancing to relieve it,
the religious of the neighboring Monastery of
Bangor marched in procession, to prav for the
success of their countrymen. But the British
being totally defeated, the heathen victor put



MISCELLANEOUS POEMS



631



the monks to the sword, and destroyed their
monastery. The tune to which these verses are
adapted is called the Monks' March, and is
supposed to have been played at their ill-omened
procession.



Wc\i ^arch after happiness.

The hint of the tale is taken from La Camiscia
Magica, a novel of Giam Battista Casti.



<Dn a &himtier=St0rm.

In Scott's Introduction to the Lay, he alludes
to an original effusion of these " schoolboy
days," prompted by a thunder-storm, which he
says " was much approved of, until a malevolent
critic sprung up in the shape of an apothecary's
blue-buskined wife," etc. These lines, and
another short piece " On the Setting Sun," were
lately found wrapped up in a cover, inscribed
by Dr. Adam, " Walter Scott, July, 1783."



IBarkrttnmon's iLament.

Mackrimmon, hereditary piper to the Laird of
Macleod, is said to have composed this Lament
when the clan was about to depart upon a dis-
tant and dangerous expedition. The minstrel
was impressed with a belief, which the event
verified, that he was to be slain hi the approach-
ing feud ; and hence the Gaelic words, * Cha
till mi tuille ; ged thillis Macleod, cha till Mac-
krimmon," that is, "I shall never return; al-
though Macleod returns, yet Mackrimmon shall
never return ! " The piece is but too well known,
from its being the strain with which the emi-
grants from the West Highlands and Isles usu-
ally take leave of their native shore.



3urjemle Hints from FtrgtI.

Scott's autobiography tells us that his trans- j
lations in verse from Horace and Virgil were ;
often approved by Dr. Adams, Rector of the
High School, Edinburgh. One of these little
pieces, written in a weak boyish scrawl, within
pencilled marks still visible, had been carefully
preserved by his mother ; it was found folded
up in a cover, inscribed by the old lady " My
Walter's first lines, 1782."



Ehe (Eras Brother.

The imperfect state of this ballad, which was j
written several years ago, is not a circumstance



affected for the purpose of giving it that pe-
culiar interest which is often found to arise
from ungratified curiosity. On the contrary, it
was the Editor's intention to have completed
the tale, if he had found himself able to suc-
ceed to his own satisfaction. Yielding to the
opinion of persons, whose judgment, if not
biassed by the partiality of friendship, is entitled
to deference, he has preferred inserting these
verses as a fragment, to his intention of entirely
suppressing them.

The tradition upon which the tale is founded
regards a house upon the barony of Gilmerton,
near Lasswade, in Mid-Lothian. This build-
ing, now called Gilmerton Grange, was origi-
nally named Burndale, from the following tragic
adventure. The barony of Gilmerton belonged,
of yore, to a gentleman named Heron, who had
one beautiful daughter. This young lady was
seduced by the Abbot of Newbattle, a richly
endowed abbey upon the banks of the South
Esk, now a seat of the Marquis of Lothian.
Heron came to the knowledge of this circum-
stance, and learned also that the lovers carried
on their guilty intercourse by the connivance
of the lady's nurse, who lived at this house of
Gilmerton Grange, or Burndale. He formed
a resolution of bloody vengeance, undeterred by
the supposed sanctity of the clerical character,
or by the stronger claims of natural affection.
Choosing, therefore, a dark and windy night,
when the objects of his vengeance were engaged
in a stolen interview, he set fire to a stack of
dried thorns and other combustibles, which he
had caused to be piled against the house, and
reduced to a pile of glowing ashes the dwelling,
with all its inmates.

The scene with which the ballad opens, was
suggested by the following curious passage, ex-
tracted from the Life of Alexander Peden, one
of the wandering and persecuted teachers of
the sect of Cameronians, during the reign of
Charles II. and his successor, James. This
person was supposed by his followers, and,
perhaps, really believed himself, to be possessed
of supernatural gifts ; for the wild scenes which
they frequented, and the constant dangers which
were incurred through their proscription, deep-
ened upon their minds the gloom of supersti-
tion, so general in that age.

" About the same time he [Peden] came to
Andrew Normand's house, in the parish of
Alloway, in the shire of Ayr, being to preach
at night in his barn. After he came in, he
halted a little, leaning upon a chair-back, with
his face covered; when he lifted up his head
he said, ' They are in this house that I have
not one word of salvation unto ; ' he halted a
little again, saying, ' This is strange, that the
devil will not go out, that we may begin our
work ! ' Then there was a woman went out,
ill-looked upon almost all her life, and to her
dying hour, for a witch, with many presump-
tions of the same. It escaped me, in the former
passages, what John Muirhead (whom I have
often mentioned) told me, that when he came
from Ireland to Galloway, he was at family-



632



NOTES.



worship, and giving some notes upon the Scrip-
ture read, when a very ill-looking man came,
and sat down within the door, at the back of
the kalian [partition of the cottage] : immedi-
ately he halted and said, ' There is some un-
happy body just now come into this house. I
charge him to go out, and not stop my mouth !'
This person went out, and he insisted [went
on], yet he saw him neither come in nor go
out."



West liter's SBRcMjing.
In The Reiver's Wedding, the Poet had
evidently designed to blend together two tradi-
tional stories concerning his own forefathers,
the Scotts of Harden, which are detailed in the
first chapters of his Life. The biographer adds :
" I know not for what reason, Lochwood, the
ancient fortress of the Johnstones in Annandale,
has been substituted for the real locality of his
ancestor's drumhead Wedding Contract."



iflottoes from tije jBobels,



In the Introduction to Chro?iicles of the
Canongate, Scott says : " The scraps of poetry
which have been in most cases tacked to the
beginning of chapters in these Novels, are
sometimes quoted either from reading or from
memory, but, in the general case, are pure in-
vention. I found it too troublesome to turn to



the collection of the British Poets to discover
apposite mottoes, and, in the situation of the
theatrical mechanist, who, when the white paper
which represented his shower of snow was ex-
hausted, continued the shower by snowing
brown, I drew on my memory as long as I could,
and when that failed, eked it out with invention."




;siiu*^ —



GLOSSARY.



abbaye, abbey.

acton, buckram vest worn under armor.

air, sand-bank.

almagest, astronomical or astrological treatise.

Almayn, German.

amice, ecclesiastical vestment.

angel, a gold coin.

arquebus, hagbut, or heavy musket.

aventayle, movable front of helmet.

baldric, belt.

bale, beacon-fire.

ballium, fortified court.

bandelier, belt for carrying ammunition.

ban-dog, watch-dog.

bandrol, a kind of banner or ensign.

barbican, fortification at castle-gate.

barded, armored (of horses).

barret-cap, cloth cap.

bartizan, small overhanging turret.

basnet, light helmet.

battalia, battalion, army {not a plural).

battle, army.

beadsman, one hired to offer prayers for an-
other.

beaver, movable front of helmet.

Beltane, the first of May (a Celtic festival).

bend, bind.

bend (noun), heraldic term.

bent, slope.

beshrew, may evil befall ; confound.

bill, a kind of battle-axe or halberd.

billmen, troops armed with the bill.

black-jack, leather jug or pitcher.

blaze, blazon, proclaim.

bonnet-pieces, gold coins with the king's cap
(bonnet) on them.

boune, bowne, prepare, make ready.

boune, ready, prepared.

bower, chamber, lodging-place; lady's apart-
ments.

bracken, fern.

brae, hillside.

bratchet, slowhound.

brigantine, a kind of body armor.

brigg, bridge.

broke, quartered (the cutting up of a deer).

buff, a thick cloth.

buxom, lively.

bv times, betimes, early.



caird, tinker.

cairn, heap of stones.

canna, cotton-grass.

cap of maintenance, cap worn by the king-at-

arms or chief herald.
cast, pair (of hawks).
chanters, the pipes of the bagpipe.
check at, meditate attack (in falconry).
cheer, face, countenance.
claymore, a large sword.
clerk, scholar.
clip, clasp, embrace.
combust, astrological term.
corbel, bracket.
corotiach, dirge.

correi, hollow in hillside, resort of game.
crabs, crab-apples.

crenell, aperture for shooting arrows through.
cresset, hanging lamp or chandelier.
culver, small cannon.
cumber, trouble.

curch, matron's coif, or head-dress.
cushat-dove, wood-pigeon.

darkling, in the dark.

deas, dais, platform.

deft, skilful.

demi-volt, movement in horsemanship.

dight, decked, dressed.

donjon, main tower or keep of a castle.

doom, judgment, arbitration.

double tressure, a kind of border .in heraldry.

do7vn, hill.

drie, suffer, endure.

earn (see erne).

eburnine, made of ivory.

embossed, foaming at the mouth (hunter's term).

emprise, enterprise.

erne, eagle.

falcon, a kind of small cannon.

fay, faith.

featly, skilfully.

flemens-firth, asylum for outlaws.

foray, raid, incursion.

force, waterfall.

fosse, ditch, moat.

fretted, adorned with raised work.

fro, from.

frounced, flounced, plaited.



636



GLOSSARY.



galliard, a lively dance.

gallowglasses, heavy-armed soldiers (Celtic).

gazehound, a hound that pursues by sight rather

than scent.
ghast, ghastly.

gipon, doublet or jacket worn under armor.
glaive, broadsword.
glamour, magical illusion.
glee-maiden, dancing-girl.
glozing, nattering.
gorged, having the throat cut.
gorget, armor for the throat.
gramarye, magic.

gramercy, great thanks (French, grand merci).
gripple, grasping", miserly.
grisly, horrible, grim.
guarded, edged, trimmed.
gules, red (heraldic).

hackbuteer, soldier armed with hackbut or hag-

but.
nag, broken ground in a bog.
hagbut {hackbut, haquebut, arquebus, harquebuss,

etc.), a heavy musket.
halberd {halbert), combined spear and battle-axe.
hale, haul, drag.
hanger, short broadsword.
harried, plundered, sacked.
hearse, canopy over tomb, or the tomb itself.
henchman, page, attendant.
heriot, tribute due to a lord from a vassal.
heron-shew, young heron.
hight, called, named.
holt, wood, woodland.
hosen, hose (old plural).

idlesse, idleness.
imp, child.
inch, island.

jack, leather jacket, a kind of armor for the

body.
jennet, a small Spanish horse.
jerkin, a kind of short coat.

kale, broth.

kern, light-armed soldier (Celtic).

kill, cell.

kirn, Scottish harvest-home.

kirtle, skirt, gown.

knosp, knob (architectural).

largesse, largess, liberality, gift.

lauds, midnight service of the Catholic Church.

laverock, lark.

leaguer, camp.

leash, thong for leading greyhound ; also the

hounds so led.
levin, lightning, thunderbolt.
Lincoln green, a cloth worn by huntsmen.
//;///, waterfall ; pool below fall ; precipice. .
linstock {lintstock), handle for lint, or match used

in firing cannon.
lists, enclosure for tournament.
litherlie, mischievous, vicious.
lorn, lost.
lourd, rather.



lurch, rob. •

lurcher, a dog that lurches (lurks), or lies in

wait for game.
lyke-wake, watching of corpse before burial.

make, do.

malison, malediction, curse.

Malvoisie, Malmsey wine.

march, border, frontier.

march-treason, offences committed on the Border.

massy, massive.

mavis, thrush.

mere, lake.

merle, blackbird.

mewed, shut up, confined.

mickle, much, great.

minion, favorite.

miniver, a kind of fur.

morion, steel cap, helmet.

morrice-pike, long heavy spear.

morris, a kind of dance.

morsing-horns, powder-flasks.

mot {mote), must, might.

muir, moor, heath.

need-fire, beacon-fire.

oe, island.

Omrahs, nobles (Turkish).
or, gold (heraldic).
owches, jewels.

palmer, pilgrim to Holy Land.

pardoner, seller of priestly indulgences.

partisan, halberd.

peel, Border tower.

pensils, small pennons or streamers.

pentacle, magic diagram.

pibroch, Highland air on bagpipe.

pied, variegated.

pinnet, pinnacle.

placket, stomacher, petticoat, slit in petticoat, etc.

plump, body of cavalry ; group, company.

port, martial bagpipe music.

post and pair, an old game at cards.

presence, royal presence-chamber.

pricked, spurred.

pursuivant, attendant on herald.

quaigh, wooden cup.
quarry, game (hunter's term).
quatre-feuille, quatrefoil (Gothic ornament).
quit, requite.

rack, floating cloud.

racking, flying, like breaking cloud.

rade, rode (old form).

rais, master of a vessel.

reads, counsels.

reave, tear away.

rede, story ; counsel, advice.

retrograde, astrological term.

risp, creak.

rochet, bishop's short surplice.

rood, cross (as in Holy-Rood).

room, piece of land.

rowan, mountain-ash.

ruth, pity, compassion.



GLOSSARY.



637



sack, Sherry or Canary wine.

sackless, innocent.

saga, Scandinavian epic.

salvo-shot, salute of artillery.

saye, say, assertion.

scalds, Scandinavian minstrels.

scapular, ecclesiastical scarf.

scathe, harm, injury.

scaur, cliff, precipice.

scrae, bank of loose stones.

scrogg, shady wood.

sea-dog, seal.

selle, saddle.

seneschal, steward of castle.

sewer, officer who serves up a feast.

shalm, shawm, musical instrument.

sheeting, shepherd's hut.

sheen, bright, shining.

shrieve, shrive, absolve.

shroud, garment, plaid.

sleights, tricks, stratagems.

slogan, Highland battle-cry.

snood, maiden's hair-band or fillet.

soland, solan-goose, gannet.

sooth, true, truth.

sped, despatched, " done for."

spell, make out, study out.

springlet, small spring.

spurn, kick.

stag of ten, one having ten branches on his antlers.

stance, station.

stirrup-cup, parting cup.

stole, ecclesiastical scarf (sometimes robe).

stoled, wearing the stole.

store (adjective), stored up.

slowre, battle, tumult.

strain, stock, race.

strath, broad river-valley.

strathspey, a Highland dance.

streight, strait.

strook, struck, stricken.

tabard, herald's coat.
tarn, mountain lake.
throstle, thrush.
tide, time



tire, head-dress.
tottered, tattered, ragged.
train, allure, entice.
tresstire, border (heraldic).
trews, Highland trousers.
trine, astrological term.
trow, believe, trust.

uneath, not easily, with difficulty.
unsparred, unbarred.
upsees, Bacchanalian cry or interjection.
urchin, elf.

vail, avail.

vail, lower, let fall.

vair, fur of squirrel.



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