Walter William] [Broom.

Great and grave questions for American politicians, with a topic for American's statesmen online

. (page 1 of 11)
Online LibraryWalter William] [BroomGreat and grave questions for American politicians, with a topic for American's statesmen → online text (page 1 of 11)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


235^^



fX3»* &> 3T - =3












^s





















>: >







>


T"


■ >-

! V)






> >
>





















#*8



;















WmffJtU,




*M



A K £



• WAnvttM s



^'0 A



rAAu.






*&e



■J LIBRARY OF CONGRESS.

f ■

J [SMITHSONIANJ)EPOSITJ



JZJti-



f\ UNITED STATES OF AMERICA «



AAA* ,






iMAfWfiS^PS






& *



WlAfitiAi



1 ^^^^: V



^IMShQM:



XM






IAAA* A






uHm















MMM



mmm









£









A*A : ;jv



" ■ A f\ A- »






1



Rfty



Ia£! . »»^*AI



i.ft hi; i



«»«;.




.....^■■■■■^Ililti*****



. -........■■■mnnniiiL t



GRE ^.T



GEAYE QUESTIONS



FOR



AMERICAN POLITICIANS,



ftfjw Ux £«tifex'f $ tatwmni.



IB^ST EB O RACUS .



BOSTON:
WALKER, FULLER & CO., 245 Washington Stbeet.
A. WILLIAMS & CO., 100 Washington Street.

CINCINNATI:
ROBERT CLARKE & CO., 55 West Fourth Street.



Nero $ork:
C. S. WESTCOTT & CO.'S UNION PRINTING-HOUSE,

No. 79 JOHN STREET.

18G5.



3 ^




iTV^






15



<^**%. 16. !$&$.




r

J J h4 V



.+**f *++**{



'






(fr^at wd €\\mt (^Mtikm



AMERICAN POLITICIANS,



TOPIC FOR AMERICA'S STATESMEN.

iBy :e:bo:e : l.a.otts.
»

•'I owe a paramount allegiance to the whole Union — a subordinate one to
my own State." — Henry Clay.

"-Free labor, the acknowledged source of National wealth, is the bulwark of
free institutions.'* — Hon. Wm. fit Stewart.

" "Whilst, in the Old World, all physical labor is considered ungentleman-
, like, in America, on the contrary, not to work is looked upon as thoroughly
degrading." — Pulsky.

"L'unite c'est la vie d'un peuple." — Victor Hugo.

" Abandon, at once and/or ere? - , all notions of Secession, Nullification, and
Disunion. Determine to live, and teach your children to live, as true
American Citizens. There will be in the future, if there is not now, as much
of pride and grandeur in the name of ' American Citizens,' as there once was
in that of 'Roman Citizens.' The Republic is destined to go on increasing
in National power and greatness for centuries to come. " — B. F. Perry, Prov.
Gov. of South Carolina. — Speech at Greenville, July 3d, 1835. .- g% ■$ r

BOSTON :

Walker, Fuller & Co., 245 Washington street; A. Williams & Co., 100
Washington street.

CINCINNATI :
Robert Claeee & Co. , 55 West Fourth street.



X c uj {Dork:

C. S. WESTCOTT & CO.'S UNION PRINTING-HOUSE,
No. 79 John Street.

1865.



. If"



TO THOSE WHO GAVE

Sjjetr Jrienbsbip

(UNASKED)

TO A STRANGER,
THESE PAGES ARE DEDICATED.



TABLE OF CONTENTS.



THE FIEST SECTION.

Illustrations, p. 3. — Eesults of Rebellions, 4. — Opinions Convulsed, 4, 5. —
The Restoration, 5.— The First French Revolution, 6, 7.— Harp of France, 7. —
The Southern Rebellion, 7. — Times of Pitt, 7.— England's Great Rebel-
lion, 7, 8. — Lord Campbell's Declaration, 8. — Doings of a Proclamation,. 9. —
God's Means, 9. — Southern Scourge, 9.

THE SECOND SECTION.

Illustrations, 10. — Old Parties Broken, 10.— The Democratic Party, 11.—
Baltimore Resolution, 11. — Southerners All-powerful, 11.— Education in
Georgia, 12.— Virginia in 1677, 12.— Police Cases, 12. — Eyes Filled with
Tears, 13.— The South Very Good, 13.— Payers and Repudiators, 13.— Tone
of Society, 13. — High Blood, 14.— New England Devils, 14. — Capitalization
of Labor, 14.— African Docilitv, 15.— South Carolina, 15.— Huts, 15.— Geor-
gia, 16.— The Moravians, 16.— Labor, 17.— Comforts, 17.— Prince Henry, 17.
Heathenism, 18.

THE THIRD SECTION.

Illustrations, 19. — Ireland, Poland, and Greece, 19. — National Nomencla-
ture, 20.— The Contrast, 20. —Verified by Facts, 20.— Sectional Terms, 21.—
Health, 22.— Freedom, 22.— Life and Liberty, 22.— Liberty's Power, 23.—
A Nation's Value, 23. — Boston, 24.— Stagnation, 24. — Ignorance, 24. —Source
of Power, 24.— Nationality, 25.— Washington's Words, 26, 27 —Our Duty,
27-

THE FOURTH SECTION.

Illustrations, 28.— England's Great Periods, 28 .—Progress, 28, 29.— Ameri-
can Colonies, 29.— Changes, 29.— Fruitful Germ, 29.— Political Geography,
29.— Proud Prerogative, 30.— An American Nation, 31.— The General Senti-
ment, 31.— Days of Darkness, 32. — Agitate and Educate, 32. — An Appeal to
Americans, 32.— A Question Asked, 33.— German Manifesto, 33.— A Prophecy,
33.— A Tray of Pearls, 35.

THE FIFTH SECTION.

Illustrations, 36. — Six Elements, 36. — Free Communities, 37. — The Great
Arch, 37.— Many Systems, 37.— State Rights, 37.— Faults, 38.— Politcal Sci-
ence, 38. — American Characteristic, 39. — Rights of Man, 39. — Ports Wide
Open, 40.— A Prayer to God, 40.

THE SIXTH SECTION.

National Elements, 41. — Not Presumptuous, 41. — Present Safety, 42. —
Rights of Citizenship, 42. — Infamy, 42.— Soul of Lincoln, 43. — Education,
43. — C. Brooks, 43. — Works on Education, 44.

THE CONCLUDING: SECTION.

Farewell! 45. — Nature's Charms, 45. — A Mother's Voice, 45.— Disobedient,
45. — Tubal Cain, 46. — Repose, 46. — American Achievements, 46. — Joys,
Blessings, Patriots, Prosperity, 46. — Dreams, Martyrs, Scholars, 46. — God's
Word, 46.— My Brother, 46.— Twine the Garlands, 46.— My Sister, 46.— Zone
of Happiness, 46.



TABLE OF CONTENTS.



APPENDICES.

PAGE.

A Topic for America's Statesmen 47

Face the Danger • 49

The Situation ". 51

A New York Village 53

Meeting at Newark ; 55

Reconstruction 56

The War Cry 56

South Carolina's Laws 58

Items Worth Remembering 59

The Germans' Manifesto GO

William T. Blodgett, Esq 66

The Character of America's Ladies 07

Manhood Suffrage 68

The Man of Destiny 74

The Empire in Exile and Harness 77

"Done to Perfection" 80

The Spectre 80

The Murderer 81

The Scribes 83

The Lancashire Distress S4

Meeting of Operatives 85

National Grant for Lancashire 86

Parliamentary Grant Association 87

Meeting in Stevenson Square 87

Unemployed Operatives 88

Address to the Bate-Payers 89

The Anti-Southern Lecturer >. • 91

Maryport 92

Over Darwen 93

Barker's Writings and Lectures 93

Stockport .' 96

Free Speech Prevented 98

Mr. Broom's Lecture ICO

A Challenge 101

Middleton . : 102

The American War 103

Confutation of Statements 108

W. W. Broom's Reply 110

Second Lecture 117

Lincoln's Native State '. '. 121

Southern Standard Literature 122

Kershaw's Hand-Bills 122

A Telegram for Southerners 122



GREAT AND GRAVE QUESTIONS.



" The school of pain is hard but productive." — W. H. Dixon.

" It was only with the revolt against England that freedom came to any
part of the black race in America." — W. H. Dixon.

" Thy best Hope where, dear Liberty ?
In fast upwinging time. ■
Thy first strength where, proud Liberty?
In thine oppressor's crime."

" The end of the war has been obtained. The republic has fulfilled its
destiny. Slavery, the plague-spot upon the fair body of our country, is
dead, and no trumpet, though it were an angel's, can awake it to resurrec-
tion." — Four Years in Secessia.

" L'unite de l'homme correspond a l'unite de Dieu." — Victor Hugo.

" Behold the few who stalk abroad in pride,
In gilded trappings or a garb of gray,
With haughty mien and soldierly disguise.
They left our legislative halls, unstained
Except by their offences in times past,
And secretly in conclave met and swore,
With all the hate of aristocracy,
To make of the plebeians all — the poor,
Degraded menials, subject to themselves ;
And vowed, this end to gain they would destroy
The happiest nation on the verdant earth.
They talk of rights, but are the foes of God,
Of man, and man's most dear-bought liberty.
Nor have they more exalted aim in life



4 GREAT AND GRAVE QUESTIONS.

Than crushing right and revelling in wrong ;
Brigands, and pirates, vampires, blood they crave,
The fulsome, self-styled chivalry are they,
Who took the sword, by it to fall, indeed."

J. C. Webster's Foe Unmasked.

Unsuccessful Revolutions and Rebellions are always bene-
ficial to the progress of humanity. The advantages are not
invariably immediate. Sometimes they are very remote.
Only the profound and highly sensitive mind can penetrate
the confusion and blindness of incensed passions to see Law
and Progress. Wealth, energy, intellect, blood — are not
wasted. There may be mourning and weeping in the house-
hold over the sacrifice of a loved one "—harassing poverty and
grim destitution may depose the queen of beauty enthroned
in luxury — intellect may exhaust its depths in devising plans
that are futile or inoperative — energy may droop piteously
and pitifully, broken-hearted at the loss of once giant
strength and inflexible determination — wealth may vanish
from workshops, warehouses, banks — nevertheless, in the
midst of seeming despair and ruin, the elements of Good are
silently but surely gathering and combining, the subtle
operations of Spiritual chemistry are evolving conditions and
forces that will everlastingly improve and bless mankind.
" God moves in a mysterious way ;" but the way is only
mysterious to the ignorant and the faithless — and to the
" worldly-wise," who scheme for solitary aggrandizement.

One Revolution and two Rebellions have convulsed opinions
and startled theorists on two continents. The revolutionists
and rebellionists were defeated. Many lamented the bitter
strifes. Curious and " dry-as-dust" statisticians figured-up
the stupendous loss of life and property. So many persons
shot — guillotined — so much wealth consumed unproductive-
ly. The statisticians lay down their pens and fulminate



GREAT AND GRAVE QUESTIONS. 5

against the people for not practising business habits, and for
not possessing mathematical knowledge ! Animate those
figures with the soul of faith and the reckoners will see a
magnificent compound interest — capital (blood shed and
wealth scattered) yearly trebling itself in extending freedom,
increasing knowledge, and deepening the faith of peoples in
Grod's never-ceasing goodness.

The Restoration soon followed the death of Cromwell.
A selfish, heartless debauchee disgraced royalty and degraded
his country. To enable him to satisfy his licentious extrav-
agance, he accepted money from France. He transformed
palaces into brothrels, his court into a moral cesspool. The
gentle sweetness of Milton, that had mellowed and hallowed
the stern councils of the Puritans, had departed to a — garret
or to Heaven. The grand far-seeing of Cromwell was
shrouded in death. The malicious execrations of cowards,
fools, hypocrites, and knaves, brayed in vain over the unoc-
cupied clay-tenement. The psalms and Scripture-comfort
sung and given to each other by pale women and disappointed
men, were invoked and sought in dark recesses. The good
and noble mourned the national gyrations of moral dissolu-
tion. The vile herds who fattened on political corruption,
and gloated over royal depravity, danced gleefully amid the
ruins of a nation's glory. Not so ! The ruins were not of
glory, but of sin. Fiends were dancing amid the wreck
of despotism, The flames of hell lighted the terrible scene.
The slowly-burning embers of Absolutism were fitfully
gleaming around the hiding-places of wise patriots who were
breathing fervent prayers to Christ. God was operating
for the nation's benefit — for the world's advancement. But
the people did not then see what we now know. In clouds
of smoke, where steel was clashing, Progress was nestling



6 GREAT AND GRAVE QUESTIONS.

and growing serenely and securely as an infant in its mother's
arms.

The first French ^Revolution violently estranged men from
each other in all modern nations. It appalled Burke, but
pleased the operatives of England. France became, as many
supposed and asserted, a chaos of bloody crimes. The wit
of Voltaire, the eloquence of De Holbach, the startling
logic of the Cure Meslier, the well-aimed shafts of Diderot,
had shattered priestly power and torn-up the roots of a noble
Christian faith. Kousseau had shattered the political edi-
fice. The sickly and nervous man, weak as a child and fear-
ful as a maniac, had hurled thunderbolts against the proud
monarchy, and split the gorgeous throne asunder. What a
rushing to-and-fro of priestly apes and political imbeciles !
The sky lurid, the atmosphere dark and sultry, the waters
roaring and rushing, oratorical giants grappling with each
other, " Clubs" declaiming against old while evolving and
explaining new theories, mobs starving and execrating — the
nobility scattered, flying, gasping for a foreign shore — and, in
the midst of this Pandemonium of passions, vanities, am-
bitions and deadly antagonisms, the Guillotine cast its re-
volting but purging shadow of an impartial Nemesis.

In time, the grim strife merged into the Consulate and
the Empire — the Empire vanished before Monarchy uplifted
on bayonets — and, again, Monarchy fled, as once more the
Empire stealthily (having lost its martial boldness) ad-
vanced.

Was the ^Revolution useless ? Was the land soddened
with blood in vain ? Did rival " patriots" depose each other
in an objectless tragedy ? Keenly examine the history of
France during the past three centuries, cast your eyes over
the partially cleared ground, and the answer will not be



GREAT AND GRAVE QUESTIONS. 1

affirmative nor uncertain. Mackintosh vindicates the Rev-
olution, and Buckle displays his learning and acumen in
giving proof of the blessings showered on the pathway of
Civilization by those who cut the locks of strength of the
Samson of Absolutism. The Bastile, and nearly all it
represented, has vanished into thin air. Imbeciles cannot
again occupy the palaces of France, though scheming, crafty,
subtle hypocrites may. Beranger is enthroned in the sen-
timents of the French people, and the psalm of eloquence
for freedom is poured-forth in never-ceasing strains by
Victor Hugo — the soul and harp of France. The sallow-
faced monster of Imperialism is obliged to use the rhetoric
of progress and mouthe the syllogisms of freedom.

Northern resistance to the Southern Rebellion was a ghost
as horrible to the nations as was the French Revolution.
The manners of the times of Pitt have been adopted in
England in treating of the American struggle. The same
absurdities of language, rashness of theories, violence of de-
nunciation, pomposity of judgments, have been repeated.
The intellect and patriotism of England throbbing for the
North — the ignorance, passions, prejudice, and greed, yelling
for the South. Profound philosophy, the lessons of history
and the dignity of truth, marshalled for the North — reckless
lying, audacious brutishness, the bitterness of vulgar cun-
ning, plotting for the South. In the House of Commons the
same pleasing and revolting features are seen. The oratory
of Bright, the energy of Taylor, the experience of Foster,
overruling the ignorant petulance of Roebuck, the impu-
dence of Laird, and the stupidity of Gregory.

The Great Rebellion of England struggled for freedom,
the contending parties in France during the Revolution were
all opposed to despotism, and strove for liberty according to



8 GREAT AND GRAVE QUESTIONS.

the measure of their understandings. The Southern Rebel-
lion was instituted to overthrow freedom and progress. Its
leading men hated free schools, free speech, free press, free
thinking — they only loved slavery, subordination, and des-
potic government. They resolved that no " law denying or
impairing the right of PROPERTY in negro slaves shall be
passed." The long screech of South Carolina against the
North was on behalf of retrogression, moral desolation,
Heathenism, and national destruction. Thirty millions of
human beings were driven to shed each other's blood to sat-
isfy the dark and remorseless designs of a clique of infernal
sinners. The rich harvests of industry were destroyed by
political barbarians. Dissolute crusaders against Civilization
crawled round the mountains, tainted the once delightful at-
mosphere with moral poison, and darkened the Heavens with
the breath of destruction. The bright and gentle feathered
denizens of the air, the forests, and the valleys, were scared
by new and dismal sounds. The pioneer was arrested in his
pilgrimage through the wilds to extend human progress — his
unblunted axe was no longer required. The soft, sweet music
of murmuring streams and gentle zephyrs, was hushed in the
thunders of cannon and the groans of dying demons and
patriots. Black hearts raging and shedding blood for black
purposes. The stars veiled in the smoke of rebellion, the air
filled with the moans of the bleeding and the sobs of the
bereaved. But Progress was in the midst — for over all God
reigneth.

" You can never conquer the South," was the hourly-
proclaimed words of knaves and imbeciles, here and abroad,
" therefore, stop the unholy war." " The North may make
a Poland of the South," said Lord Campbell, " but it can-
not be conquered ;" and, while he was speaking in Manches-
ter, the war-steeds of freedom dashed over the serried hosts



GREAT AND GRAVE QUESTIONS. »

of Devildom ! The North has Triumphed — rebellion for
slavery is crushed — and Civilization is preparing to march
through the world under the bright banner of American Re-
publicanism.

From the smouldering embers of camp fires — amid the
wreck of cities and the pauperism of once gay homes — amid
mountains tinged with blood and the bankruptcy of South-
ern credit — amid the loneliness of little orphans and the
tortures of wives divorced from wedded love by the Furies of
war — amid the groves of a sunny land turned into a reeking
burial-ground — emerges the sable forms (of young and old,
of strong and feeble, of the growing and the decaying) of
FOUR MILLIONS emancipated from the "new empire"
built out of the quarried materials from the infernal regions.
Manacles struck off from the gored limbs of slaves by a —
Proclamation, " done at the City of Washington, this first
day of January, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight
hundred and sixty-three, and of the Independence of the
United States the eighty-seventh." Once more, blood,
wealth, energy, have produced an abundant harvest— -free-
dom ! Revolutions and Rebellions, apparently unsuccessful,
are not failures but instruments — are not horrors but bles-
sings — are not the Devil's luxuries, but God's unerring means
of bringing man back to the Garden of Eden. Every tear
shed in times of civil war is a jewel dropped into the diadem
of universal Civilization. Every heart's throb hushed on
gory plains is the arranging of elements that will fill the
valleys of National life with harmonious forms, ever emitting
sweet perfume and rich odors that blend with a purified at-
mosphere, where the Psalms of Freedom are everlastingly
trilled-forth amidst Beauty and Clearness — amidst Spiritual
Beauty and Moral Clearness. God ! we adore Thee for
this second rebellion — this Southern scourge, but greater
blessing.



10 GREAT AND GRAVE QUESTIONS.



" Let men do wrong upon system, and they will soon imbibe a passion
to do wrong — and a passion to do wrong in one form, has a natural affinity
with propensities to do so in other forms." — R. Vaughan, D. D.

" One of the Southern leaders, speaking about the institution, said, in
1849 : ' If left to the tender mercies of the Federal Government, its fate
is doomed. With the prejudice of the age against it, it requires for its
kind development a fostering government over it. It could scarcely sub-
sist without its protection !' "

" The Democratic party sympathizes with us, and some of its influential
leaders are pledged to our side. Thej' will sow division there [in the
North], and paralyze the Free States." — Among the Pines.

" Education the criterion of the right of suffrage, not property. I do
not believe in a government of ignorance, whether by the rich, or poor,
the many or the few." — Hon. R. J. Walker.

After emancipating the slaves, the next great good coming
from the Southern Kebellion is the breaking-up of the old
political cliques and parties. The Woolly-Heads, the
Whigs,* the Silver-Greys, the Know-Nothings, the Barn-

* " Yer an Abolisherner, aint ye ?"

" No ; I'm an old-fashioned Whig."

" What's that? Never heerd on them afore."

" An old-fashioned Whig, madam, is a man whose political principles
are perfect, and who is as perfect as his principles."

That was a " stumper " for the poor woman, who evidently did not
understand one half of the sentence.

" Right sort of folks, them," she said, in a half-inquiring tone.

" YES; BUT THEY'RE ALL DEAD NOW.'— Among the Pines.



GREAT AND GRAVE QUESTIONS. 11

Burners, the Free Democrats, are all non est. The great
Democratic party is shattered — the party that in Baltimore,
in June, 185*2 —

" Resolved, That the Democratic party will resist all attempts at renew-
ing in Congress, or out of it, the agitation of the Slavery question, under
whatever shape or color the attempt may be made."

The great Democratic party that assisted Southern slave-
mongers to become all-powerful in Congress and the creators
of Presidents, is shivered. When Pulsky was in America
in 1852, he declared that —

" No President can be nominated or elected without the concurrence of
the Southern States ; no statesman, therefore, who does not share the
opinions of the South, can ever aspire to the highest post in the Union,
whatever might be otherwise his statesmanship or his talents ; though the
population of the Free States amount to thirteen millions, and that of the
whites hi the South only to six millions."

That great Democratic party that supported Southern
bullies to frighten, intimidate, and coerce, must be converted
or annihilated. When in power, the Southerners demoralized
their country and bullied the world. The latter fact was
not forgotten when the revolting Confederacy went begging,
imploring, and beseeching to Euroj^e. Kussell jogged the
memory of the South in the following paragraph :

" The people in the seceding States, aware in their consciences that
they have been most active in their hostility to Great Britain, and whilst
they were in power were mainly responsible for the defiant, irritating
and insulting tone commonly used to us by American statesmen, are anx-
ious at the present moment, when so much depends on the action of for-
eign countries, to remove unfavorable impressions from our minds by
declarations of good-will, respect, and admiration, not quite compatible
with the language of their leaders in times not long gone by."



12 GREAT AND GRAVE QUESTIONS.

The Democratic party has supported the foes of intellect
and the friends of ignorance. Take a solitary but signifi-
cant fact from the history of the rule of the slave-oligarchy
in the South. Here it is —

" In a population of 524,000 freemen, there are 41,000 white adults in
Georgia (in 1852) who cannot read, and the number of children, whose
parents are not able to send them to school, is upwards of 38.000."

It should, also, be remembered, that in the State named,
the Old Dominion, in " 1677, no printing-press was allowed
in Virginia." A royal governor had previously (in 1671) said,
" I thank God, there are no free schools and no printing ;
and I hope we shall not have these hundred years." On
this revolting desire by a royal barbarian, W. P. Atkinson
pertinently remarks — " The present condition of that State
(Virginia) is a striking commentary on the sentiment."* 1

The ruling passion of the South for repression of opinion
and despotism was strong in the hour of death, for a trav-
eller down South during the death-rattle, says :

" Charges of abolitionism appear in the reports of police cases in the
papers every morning ; and persons found guilty, not of expressing opin-
ions against slavery, but of stating their belief that the Northerners will
be successful, are sent to prison for six months."

The same writer says :

" In the South, the press threatened me with tar and feathers, because I
did not sec the beauties of then domestic institution."

Can the foreign traveller expect any other treatment from
men whose stolid hearts and ruthless brains were impervious
to the solvent influence of the sufferings and tears of little


1 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Online LibraryWalter William] [BroomGreat and grave questions for American politicians, with a topic for American's statesmen → online text (page 1 of 11)